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The Comparison of Roman and Mongol Empires Essay (Critical Writing)

Introduction Even though the Roman and the Mongol Empires were located in separate continents, they shared some elements in common. Similarities existed in terms of their organization, leadership and justice system among others. Similarly, both empires were large; they covered large geographical areas with huge populations. In enhancing administration, both empires were divided into distinct territories, for instance, the Roman was divided into provinces whereas the Mongol was divided into four major divisions. Though these empires had common similarities, they differed in their style of leadership. The Mongol embraced the monarchy whereas the Romans had a decentralized and democratic system of administration. Thus, due to the vastness of the two empires, internal problems such as; lacks of unity, economic and political and military turmoil were common, in fact, these problems contributed to their collapse. Why Mongol was “Empires” rather than an “Empire” The vastness of the Mongol empire made it to be known as the “empires”. The empire had small empires within itself. It covered a contiguous land mass stretching as far as Eastern Europe, Central Asian, Middle East to Siberia, Iran and the Sea of Japan1. Burbank and Cooper indicates that the total area covered by the empire was approximately 9,300,000 sq. miles which was equivalent to about 16% of the total earth surface. The empire had a population of about 100 million people2. Characteristics of the Mongol and Roman Empire Organization The Mongol empire was organized on Confucian ideas and education. By embracing Confucian ideas, the empire fixed creative ways of organizing its army. For example, to ensure efficiency in the army, the empire created divisions within depending on responsibilities and tasks to be completed. Security was important for the its survival and conquest of new lands; hence, the empire established the Kheshing to address security issues in the whole empire3. Reward for the army for their loyalty to the empire was a policy. Promotions were awarded to loyal armies whereas those who failed to observe this virtue were dismissed or punished4. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Similarly, the Roman Empire had an organized system anchored on classical learning and the Roman law. They had astute army which was organized in ranks. Roman law was an order to be followed by all in the empire. Road System The Mongol empire had an elaborate road network. The roads spawned across the empire linking the entire empire to the outside world. Of great importance was the Silk Road5. Silk road supported the economy of the whole empire and was important in the transportation of porcelain, silk and tea to the outside world. Romans also had an elaborate road system that connected Rome to the rest of the empire. The road system was vital; it simplified movement of the army and connected the empire to major trade routes in the region. The roads were paved, thus, lasted for many thousand years. Differences among the Empires Religion Religious beliefs were perhaps the major distinction between the two empires. While the Romans practiced Christianity, the Mongols embraced the doctrines of Confucius. Religion ultimately influenced future beliefs and decisions of leaders in both empires. Justice System The Mongol empire had an organized justice system. They had a supreme judge in charge of keeping records of the empire. Besides, the justice system was responsible for implementing and enforcing army, food and family laws. The common code of law in the empire was the “issue”6. In some occasions, the law was applied partially among the ruled. The “issue” allowed thorough screening of army generals based on their performance. The law prohibited vandalism and thievery; however, it was tolerant on religious views. On the other hand, the Romans had a unique justice system. They had a law that spelt a distinction between human beings. The “ law of persons” as it was known, granted restrictive rights to men in regard to acquiring citizenship, voting and vying for public posts. We will write a custom Critical Writing on The Comparison of Roman and Mongol Empires specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Slaves and other citizens who had stayed in the empire and had no forms of identification were given partial rights; however, legal protection was a priority among other privileges. Control and economy Trade was at the heart of Mongol empire. They traded in tea, silk and porcelain. To enhance trade, the empire developed silk roads and expanded ports such as the Fuzhou and Guangzhou. Similarly, trade was increased to cover parts of India, Arabia and Persia territories. Trading activities increased contacts between the Mongols and the Western and Arab world. On the other hand, agriculture was widely practiced in the Roman Empire. It was mechanized, for instance, mills were found in places such as Rome to grind wheat. Also, long distance trade was widely practiced, in later centuries, participation in this form of trade was reduced. Geography The Mongol empire spanned across territories that included the Yellow Sea to Eastern Europe. It also covered Korea, Armenia, Persia, China, Mongolia, Thailand, Burma and Vietnam among other areas. These regions were covered by mountains, forests, rugged landscapes and waters. The vastness of the Mongol was replicated in the Roman Empire; the empire was very large and it was characterized with terrains, seas and oceans. Charles indicates that the total area covered by the empire was approximately 5 million square kilometers7. The empire had about 50 to 60 million people equivalent to about 1/6 of the world population. Divisions of Territories The Romans Empire was divided into provinces for administrative purposes. Outside the Roman Empire, the provinces and territorial units remained the administrative units of the empire. Different forms of provinces existed. One of these was the imperial provinces. Imperial provinces were newly conquered territories found along the borders. Another province was the senatorial province. The senatorial province was established along the borders. Because the Romans had control of these provinces for a longer period, they were known for being stable and peaceful. Similarly, the Mongol empire was divided into four major divisions. Not sure if you can write a paper on The Comparison of Roman and Mongol Empires by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The II-Khanate covered parts of the Middle East and Asia, the Great Khan covered parts of the Far East, Russia and China, Chagadai Khanate was predominant in Ventral Asia and the Blue Horde was found in Southern Siberia and Kazakhstan Expansion The Mongols expanded their territories through conquest. Charles indicates that the Mongols conquest contributed to its expansion in North China and present day Iran8. During their conquest, they waged war leading to many deaths. The same strategy was also employed by the Romans. The Roman Empire used military to expand to new lands. According to the circumstances, the military carried out direct conquest or the empire encouraged the friendly kingdoms in strategic buffer zones to yield into their demands in return for security along their borders. Also, the Romans used the annexation strategy. The Romans annexed empires that were friendly in return for protection. Forms of Administration The Mongol empire was marked by true unit of unification. Hence, the centralization of authority consolidated power of the empire and made expansion into new lands easier. Liebeschuetz indicates that the central leadership understood the importance of a strong alliance because it eliminated threats to the authority and influenced other friendly empires in the region9. On the other hand, the Roman Empire had a decentralized form of administration. The empire was governed through its cities10. Hence, each city strove to establish personal power and authority based on their emperors, rather than for the whole empire. Style of Leadership The Mongol leadership was tribal anchored on family ties and chieftain. With Genghis Khan taking the throne, the clans merged under his leadership becoming a universal ruler. In a nutshell, Liebeschuetz shows that the Mongol leadership was monarchical. It was absolute in nature with the Mongol ruler being given the mandate to protect his people11. On the other hand, the Roman had a democratic form of leadership. The people elected the senate which ruled for life. The senate was mostly made up of wealthy and members from aristocratic families. New senators were selected to replace who died while in office. Thus, the participation of the people in electing the office holders was a sign of democracy in the empire. Population According to Liebeschuetz, the Mongol Empire was large. It was approximated to consist of about 100 million people. The population was organized along tribal lines, spanning across Siberia, China, Mongolia, Persia and Korea among other areas. The population was diverse, comprising of people from various regions such as the Koreans, Europeans, Chinese and Indians among others. Also, the Roman Empire had a considerably higher population. The population was about 50 to 60 million people from various cultural and racial backgrounds. In North-West Europe region were Europeans, in the Near East were people of Asian origin while in the Mediterranean were mainly Africans from North Africa. Stability of the Empires Despite covering large areas, both empires had a series of problems which hampered efficient administration. These problems resulted in the instability of the empires. One of the problems experienced by the empires was the political and military turmoil. Because of the vastness of the empires, the military in both cases was in disarray. Rather than giving their allegiance to the central authority, they opted to follow the commands given by their immediate commanders who fought alongside them. For example, the Romans permitted foreign armies to fight for them in return for money. While they could accept meager pay than the local army, they had less commitment and loyalty to the empire. Moreover, the loyalty which had developed among the citizens also weakened. In the past, both empires cared so deeply about its population. Lack of unity was also a major problem of the two empires. Because of their hugeness, efficient skills of administration and organizing the entire empire was a challenge. For example, despite being resolute fighters, Mongols had insufficient administration skills. They entrusted administration to outsiders who had little loyalty to the empire12. What is more, inept and corrupt in the administration often contributed to rebellions in some parts of the empire. Rebellions had some repercussions for the empire because it made the empire lose the control of the newly conquered lands. With a decentralized administration, Romans problems were even more. Decentralization hampered the consolidation of power in the whole empire. Though the Mongol empire had a strong economy supported by trading activities, the Roman economy was weak. The hostile tribes, the pirates along the coastal cities disrupted trade. Besides, the scarcity of gold and silver led to inflation because these resources were needed for minting money. Other problems included raising the taxes. High taxes created a burden to the people. Also, the agricultural sector experienced more problems. Yields in various parts of the empire were increasingly low, coupled with years of war which destroyed agricultural lands, a series of food shortages and population decline was the order of the day. Bibliography Allsen, Thomas T. Mongol Imperialism: The Policies of the Grand Qan Möngke in China, Russia, and the Islamic Lands, 1251-1259.Carlifornia: University of California Press, 1987. Bradley, Keith. Slavery and Society at Rome. London: Cambridge University Press, 1994. Burbank, Jane, Cooper Frederick. Empires in world history: power and the politics of difference. New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 2010. Burgan, Michael. Empire of the Mongols. New York: New York: Infobase Publishing, 2005 Halperin, Charles J. Russia and the Golden Horde: The Mongol Impact on Medieval Russian History. Indiana: Indiana University Press, 1985. Wolfgang, Liebeschuetz.”The End of the Ancient City,” in The City in Late Antiquity. New York: Taylor
Task 1 Reasons why the world needs and has an agreement like Paris Agreement According to Brundtland report of 1987, sustainable development is the developments that enable the present generation to meet their own needs, but at the same the same time, the development does not compromise of the ability of the future generation to meet their own needs. In June 2012, the United Nations Assembly organised a conference at Rio De Janeiro in Brazil, and the member states developed seventeen sustainable development goals. Of main importance was the Sustainable Development Goal 13(Climate action) as the member states believed that climate change acts as the main hindrance to the the attainanment of the goals. Before this meeting, the Earth Summit organised at Rio Brazil in 1992 adopted three conventions, and one of them is the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). The main aim of this convention was to ensure that member state would work in partnership with each other so that they could be able to limit the global temperature increases and climate change and to cope with their impacts. To achieve the goals of the UNFCCC, the signatories agreed on the Kyoto Protocol in 1997. The agreement on the protocol happened after the signatories realised that huge sacrifices needed to be done to reduce emissions. The Kyoto protocol came up with targets in reductions of emissions which were legally binding for the developed countries. Kyoto protocol operated in top-down strategy. In 2013 the second commitment period of the Kyoto protocol began and will end in 2020, and 38 developed countries are participating. This phase will be covered in the Doha amendment, and the signatories aim to reduce their emissions by 18% below the levels of 1990. For further efforts to achieve the aim of UNFCCC, the member states held a conference at Paris in 2015 and made an agreement, a Paris Agreement whose main aim is to strengthen and accelerate a global response in combating the threat of climate change (Rosenzweig, 2016). The stipulated actions for achievement of the Paris Agreement goal are; Keep global temperatures well below 2°C(3.6°F) Pursue efforts to limit temperature increase even further to 1.5°C Limit greenhouse gases emitted by human activities Review each country’s contribution to cutting emissions every five years Developed countries assist the developing countries by providing climate finance Climate change is a global issue as it affects everyone in the universe. The world’s largest greenhouse gases emitters are India China U.S. and European Union. Agreements such as the Paris Agreement and the Kyoto protocol are essential to the whole universe as they aim to combat climate change. A research done by Professor in University Ohio showed that there was a direct correlation between CO2 increase and temperature increase in the past 200 million years ago. However, lately, it has been noted that the increase in CO2 does not correlate to increase in temperature. In his research, Nuccitelli et al 2012 argued that much of the temperature increase caused by increased CO2 in the atmosphere is stored in the high depths of oceans as shown in Figure 1 below. Figure 1: Nuccitelli et al. 2012 This research by Nuccitelli et al. 2012 provides the solutions to the questions raised by the skeptical scientist whose argued that there was no correlation between CO2 and temperature (figure 2) Figure 2: Atmospheric CO2 (parts per million, NOAA) and Global Temperature Anomaly (°C GISS) from 2002 to 2008. Agreements such as the Paris agreement are vital as they will Encourage technological development In the recent past, every country is focusing on the utilization of renewable energies to generate the needed energy in various sectors. A report by International Renewable Energy Agency, 2018 showed that the whole world had installed renewable energy accumulating to a capacity of 2 179 099 MW. Increased adoption of renewable energy technologies shows the commitment of the whole world towards reducing the amount of CO2 emissions and the encouragement of clean sources of energy. Most countries have shifted from the use of fossil fuels and have closed or converted their fossil fuel power to run using natural gas. A notable example is that of U.S. whereby their CO2 emissions have significantly reduced over the past five years after they have converted their fossil fuel power plant to use natural gas. To the contrary, the co2 emission in the US increased in the year 2018 despite the use of natural gas. Scientists have argued that utilisation of natural gas does not mean there is zero carbon emission. Japan was the first country to move at a very high pace towards the utilisation of renewable sources of energy after an earthquake struck its central nuclear power plant. In recent past Scotland have shut down its 46 years Longanett coal power plant and the primary focus is now on wind energy and the wave energy a move that will see reduced co2 emissions in the UK (The Guardian, 2016) Economic advantage In 2017 the renewable energy sector employed 10.3 million workers, and 60% of these jobs were in Asia (IRENA 2018). In his remarks, the director of IRENA, said that all over the world the renewable energy sector had become a from foundation towards the achievement of low-carbon growth. The IRENA further notes countries which would put more efforts towards attractive policies towards reducing CO2 emission would be able to be a more attractive economic, social and environmental conducive for investment. The data in IRENA 2018 report shows that implementation of the Paris Agreement towards reducing the amount of co2 emissions could result in the growth of the global economy creating 28 million jobs by 2050. Task 2: REASONS FOR USA WITHDRAWAL FROM THE PARIS AGREEMENT According to (1) USA 18% of the global greenhouse emissions. Other major GHG emitters include India, China and the EU. Political According to Mayer,2017, US President Mr Trump, Vice President Pence and EPA Administrator Pruttin are linked with Koch Industries, a petrochemical mogul. In a general view, the fossil fuel industry plays a significant role in shaping the politics and administration of US. The withdrawal decision from the Paris Agreement is a strategy for the Trump administration to dissolute the climate regulations and thus benefit the energy companies. Ain their report by McCarthy and Gambino,2017 stated that twenty-two Republican senators had collected US$10 million from fossil fuel industries after they started a campaign to support the withdrawal of US from the Paris agreement. During his campaigns, President Trump outwardly said that one of his aims in the office would be to destroy Obama’s political legacy showing personal differences between the two politicians (Liptak and Jones,2017). Having that President Obama is the one who signed the Paris agreement and served as one of his strongest political legacies, there was no doubt that President Trump would ultimately withdrawal US from the Agreement Economic While signing the Paris agreement, President Obama believed that the agreement would maintain the US competitive edge through enhancement of America’s climate security, promotion of America’s low carbon economy and renewable energy industries thus tremendous job opportunities (Obama,2017). On his views, President Trump believes that the Paris Agreement would undermine the US competitive edge and would negatively affect the employment and energy industries in the US(TWH,2017). The primary calling of the Paris Agreement is that of differentiated responsibility in global climate cooperation of which President Trump is very sceptical about this calling. Interestingly President Trump has never acknowledged that climate change is happening and is driven by anthropogenic activities. In his views, President Trump said that the Paris Agreement is very unfair to the US based on the mitigation obligations to be undertaken by the US as compared to India and China who are also top CO2 emitters. Trump only weighed the economic cost of undertaking the mitigation obligation but forgot the ecological and economic benefits of adopting clean energy Task 3: Consequences of USA withdrawal from the Paris Agreement According to Stavins,2017 the decision of the USA to withdraw from the Paris has no benefits to either the US or the global climate governance. On the other, hand, the decision was a victory to the US Environmental Protection administrator, Scott Pruitt and Mr Stephen Bannon, the ex-chief strategist of Mr Trump. Mr Bannon and Mr Pruitt fully supported the US withdrawal from the Paris agreement as the two believed that the agreement was a means of economic sabotage to the US (Stavins,2017. Unfortunately, the US withdrawal decision from the Paris agreement makes it difficult for the US to achieve its mitigation goals as they are not complying with the Paris Agreement code (Haas, 2017). After its withdrawal from the agreement, it will be challenging for the developing countries to implement their eco-friendly actions and strategies as the amount they were promised under the Paris Agreement by the developed countries would ultimately decrease. Under the agreement, the developed countries were supposed to have contributed $100 million to assist the developing countries to achieve their climate action goals. Consequently, fewer researches would be conducted on both environmental and climate change as the research funding would reduce. However, according to decision Kemp 2017, this withdrawal decision by the US should serve as an opportunity for China and the European Union to show their leadership capabilities on climate change. In 2017, Schreus published a paper where he demonstrated that the withdrawal decision by the US would have the most significant impact on them(US) as they will not be present in the future negotiations. Hilton and Kerr,2017 argues that China would consequently emerge to be the global leader on climate change as the US alone can no longer paralyse the operations of an international agreement. Despite this, a considerable risk lies ahead as other developed countries could follow the US withdrawal decision path thus postpone their mitigation efforts for eight years or cut short their contribution to the NDG. The reduced funding would ultimately affect the research and development of renewable energy technologies. A quantitative study done by Sanderson and Knutti,2017 shows that if the scenario happens cumulative CO2 emissions will increase by 350-450Gigatnnes in the 21st century. Consequently, the Paris agreement goal of keeping the global temperatures well below 2.0°C(3.6°F) above the pre-industrial levels by 2100 will become unattainable. One of the main features of the Paris Agreement is that it is a bottom-up global climate change mitigation participation as each county comes up with its strategy to curb climate change. Under the agreement, a review of each country’s contribution to cut their emissions is done. Due to this the global coexisting partnership in climate action seems to be very strong as by 2018 195 countries have signed the agreement, and thus it would be challenging to be disrupted by the US withdrawal(Anon,2017). REFERENCES Haas, P.M., 2017. Parxit, the United States, and the world. Chinese Journal of Population Resources and Environment, 15(3), pp.186–188. Luke Kemp, 2017. Better out than in. Nature Climate Change, 7(7), pp.458–460. Benjamin M. Sanderson
Social Work homework help. DIRECTIONS:Turn the pages in this order:ÿ (1) cover page, (2) research proposal paragraph, (3) sentence outline, (4) SEVEN body pages and (5) works cited page, as indicated at the bottom of this document.ÿSTAPLE THE PAGES IN THE INDICATED ORDER OF 1 THROUGH 5!Read ALL of the information below before you begin to write.AFTER ADDING two more body pages for a total of seven, please insert ALL SEVEN behind your Sentence Outline and staple the following pages together in the exact order as indicated.1.ÿ Cover Page2.ÿ Research Proposal paragraph3.ÿ Sentence Outline4. SEVEN BODY pages of the body5.ÿ Works Cited pagePLEASE REVIEW THE FOLLOWING CHECKLIST BEFORE HANDING IN YOUR PAPER TO SEE IF YOU NEED ANY OF THE FOLLOWING REQUIREMENTS OR CORRECTIONS:1.ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿYou need a stronger or expanded proposal paragraph___,ÿ introduction ___ or conclusion ___ .2.ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ_____Write your ONE-SENTENCE thesis (answer) with several points at the bottom of your introductory OR proposal paragraph.ÿÿÿEXAMPLE:ÿ Important 18thÿand 19th-century social leaders in America from Pennsylvania included politician (1) Thaddeus Stevens of Lancaster, (2) social reformer Lucretia Mott of Cheltenham and the (3) Quaker Benjamin Lay of Abington.3.ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿYour paragraphs do not match the topic order of your thesis and/orÿoutline.______4.ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿYou must double space your text ____ and/or make it 12 pt. in size____ in Times New Roman style.______.ÿ Do not use large type, only 12-pt size.______5.ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿYour thesis answer needs several clear points. ____ OR your thesis question is not adequate. ____6.ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ________ÿ Edit this research paper, outline and/or proposal paragraph for sentence-structure errors.7.ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿYou have run-on sentences, or sentences that run too long. _______8.ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿYou do not have complete sentences; they are fragments. ______ÿ9.ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ_____ You have spelling or grammar errors.ÿ10.ÿÿÿÿÿSome paragraphs are too short OR need more analysisÿ ______ ; YOU NEED MORE PAGES ______11.ÿÿÿÿÿYou must condense this essay. You have too many words. Make the sentences shorter. ____12.ÿÿÿÿÿAdd quotes (with source info) in the body of your paragraphs _____ or add severalÿblockÿquotes _____13.ÿÿÿÿÿ_____TO AVOID PLAGIARISM, be sure to include enough parenthetical (in-text) citations that follow your extracted data in your paragraph(s). Example: ?Richard Jacobs was an ex-slave and scientist who traveled the Pennsylvania wilderness trying to find artifacts,? says an online article about the black scientist (Yardley, Web).ÿIf the author?s name is missing, simply USE THE TITLE: (?From Slavery to Scientist,? Web).Another way to cite a Web source is this way:ÿ Frederick Douglass died at a ripe old age, says the scholar James Beaufort of the University of San Diego in an online article, ?The Rise of Frederick Douglass.?ÿIf you gather information from a conventional book or article, the citation must provide the author?s last name and page number:ÿ (Williams, pg. 42). Use a citation for indirect quotes or paraphrased text too.14.ÿÿÿÿÿ______Your Works Cited page is formatted wrong and/or must be alphabetized. ÿBook Example (DO NOT TYPE WORDS IN THE PARENTHESES):Williams, Jamesÿ(Author). From Slavery to Scientistÿ(Title). Penguin Booksÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ(Publisher), New Yorkÿ(Place of Publication). 1987(Publication Date).ÿÿÿÿÿÿ Printÿ(Publication Method)Web Examples:ÿYardley, Karl (Author). “Art of finding Artifacts (Title).”ÿThe OWL at Purdueÿÿÿÿÿÿ (Publisher). 10 Mayÿ2003 (Pub Date-UseÿN.D.ÿif missing). Web(Pub Method).ÿÿÿÿ 12 May 2009 (Date of Retrieval).”From Slavery to Scientist (Title).”ÿW.E.B. DuBOIS Center (Publisher). 12 Juneÿÿÿÿÿÿ 2009 (Publication Date).ÿÿWeb (Publication Method). 18 May 2011ÿÿÿÿ (Retrieval Date)15.ÿÿÿÿÿ_______ Add ______ more books or ______articles to your Works Cited page.16.ÿÿÿÿÿ_______Use ?quotes? for all exact text that you take from another source or it is PLAGIARISM.Social Work homework help

Developments that will Define Business in the 21st Century Essay

The businesses world in the 21st century has been characterized by various developments. These developments have been influenced by technology, competition, globalization, climate change, and the fact that people have become more knowledgeable. All these factors have significantly influenced the manner in which businesses operate today. Technology and globalization are the key factors that have influenced the performance of organizations today. Therefore, organizations are coming up with strategies to enable them cope with the developments being experienced in the business world. For example, development in leadership has been one of the critical issues that businesses are emphasizing on. For any business to be successful, it must be governed by people who are equipped with the right leadership skills. The leaders must understand all the operations of a business so that they can effectively address any weaknesses present. They must also be capable of uniting the employees such that communication flows smoothly from one employee to another. There are very many organizations which have fallen because of ineffective communication and leadership strategies. It is because of this that most organizations are focusing their attention on developing their leadership strategies to enhance effective coordination within the organization. This will make the operations of the organization to be smooth. To have a team of competent leaders therefore, it is the responsibility of organizations to ensure that they invest heavily in leadership development. Organizations are supposed to ensure that the best performing employees are paid salaries that represent their contribution to the organization in order to sustain their productivity. Organizations that do not have competent leaders should make sure that they advertise for top leadership positions and then promise the potential applicants high remuneration once they qualify. The environment is also a factor that businesses are laying emphasis on. With the current changes in climate, it has become important for businesses to implement all measures necessary in order to minimize pollution to the environment. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This is especially the case for those businesses that engage in industrial processes. They are investing a lot of their resources in cleaning up the environment where pollution is rampant. They are also resulting to other production processes that are friendly to the environment. Globalization is a term that has gained popularity in the 21st century. Since many organizations lack further opportunities of expansion in their home countries, they find it worthwhile to take their operations to other countries so that they can adequately boost their profitability and competitiveness. Globalization has become possible today because many countries have opened up their borders and removed trade restrictions. Since globalization has intensified competition, businesses have been forced to come up with products that compete effectively in the different markets across the globe. They are therefore designing high quality products which will meet the different needs of the customers. This is because organizations have adopted production mechanisms that are more efficient and which incorporate latest technological advancements. When organizations invest in technology, they are able to reduce their costs of production significantly thereby making their production process efficient, faster and reliable. The products produced end up being of high quality. Experience environment is an issue that businesses are slowly adopting. This concept refers to where organizations design products which add value to the customers. Different organizations are therefore designing their products by combining different features of technology in order to make the customers derive maximum satisfaction from the products. For example, General Motors has recently initiated a service called OnStar whose aim is to ensure that their customers achieve maximum driving experience. The OnStar service is powered by mobile information services thereby offering their customers security, entertainment, and emergency services 24 hours a day. This move has made the company to remain ahead of others in matters relating to innovation and in giving customers total satisfaction. Corporate social responsibility has gained significant popularity among different communities in various parts of the world. Businesses today believe that being close to the community serves as a marketing strategy aimed at growing the brand of a company. In addition, businesses are today finding it important to cater for their environment so that they can be in line with the environmental conservation goals. We will write a custom Essay on Developments that will Define Business in the 21st Century specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More For example, Coca Cola has been known to effectively engage different communities from various parts of the world in community activities by educating them on the importance of keeping the environment safe from pollution. In addition, Coca Cola sponsors various games such as Olympics and World Cup thereby making people to be more attracted and confident with the company. This has served as one of the strengths that have made the company to effectively market its products in different parts of the world. From the analysis therefore, it is true that the developments that organizations have adopted in the 21st century are meant to sustain them in the market because of the competitive pressure that is present in the business world.

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Lab Excel Statistics

Lab Excel Statistics. I’m working on a Statistics question and need guidance to help me study.

Here are seven labs. please read the requirements carefully.
Lab #1:
Lab1is a StatTutor exercise on Page 38 of OLI. (Remember to click out OLI Single Sign-On link first) By going through the StatTutor directions carefully on this first lab, you will see how a researcher thinks through a statistical problem.
Part of the purpose of this lab is to help you think like a statistician. Another is to help you see how to use a spreadsheet to analyze data. There are two parts to this lab…the work you do in StatTutor and submission of an Excel Spreadsheet. If you did not get access to Excel in the Getting Started Module, you can use GoogleSheets as well.
I’ve created some screencasts below that can help you to create graphs in Excel in the context of this first lab. They also indicate what I’m expecting things to look classy.
As you follow the StatTutor directions, you will use Excel to analyze your data. In this lab, you will use Excel to construct:

A Scatterplot and Regression Line
A Two-way Table
Side-by-side boxplots

These links will connect you to “how to” screencasts that I made for you. The Two Way Table and Side-by-side boxplots are demoed in a single screencast, so both links go to the same video. I hope they’re helpful and would be open to any suggestions you have for what would make them more helpful.
LAB 3:
where you will use many of the skills you have built in the Excel Exercises throughout OLI:
Find and Replace, Pivot Table, Side-by-side boxplots.
I have created a screencast of the entire Lab 3 Excel Analysis using Excel 365.
I’ve created some directions for making boxplots in Google Sheets
Also, I’ve created a screencast. to help you see what your spreadsheets will look like and how to create them.
Lab 4:
Complete Lab4 where you will use many of the skills you have built in the Excel Exercises throughout OLI.
Here are some screencasts that can help you create your spreadsheets.
If you’re using EXCEL 365:
Step 1: Get the XLMiner Analysis Toolpak add-in for Excel 365
If you’re using Excel 2016 on a computer.
Lab #4, Verbal SAT – Part 1
Lab #4, Verbal SAT – Part 2
Lab #4, Cell Phones
For Lab5 you will create a spreadsheet in Excel, based on the work that you do in the StatTutor on Pg. 253 of OLI. In this lab, you will learn how to use the Data Analysis Tool in Excel to do Tests for Relationships: Independent Samples (2 Means), Matched Pairs (2 Means), ANOVA (Multiple Means). I realize that my screencast, below, was done on Excel 2016. So I’m working on a new screencast using Excel 365.
Previously, I made a screencast using Excel 2016 for the desktop.
Remember to make a sheet for each question and to use meaningful labels on the sheets and graphs.
For Lab #6 you will create a spreadsheet in Excel, based on the work that you do in the StatTutor on Pg. 259 of OLI. In this lab, you will learn how to use the Data Analysis Tool in Excel to do Tests for Relationships: Independent Samples (2 Means
Remember to make a sheet for each question and to use meaningful labels on the sheets and graphs.
Complete Lab #7, on Page 262 of OLI, where you will use many of the skills you have built in the Excel Exercises throughout OLI.
Make sure you go through the StatTutor. I made a screencast showing how to do the analysis on Excel 365.
Remember to make a sheet for each question and to use meaningful labels on the sheets and graphs.
Lab Excel Statistics

Effect of Traditional Advertising & Social Messages on Brand Building Metrics Essay

Effect of Traditional Advertising & Social Messages on Brand Building Metrics Essay.

Advertising: immoral and unnecessary or moral and useful?800 wordsYou may use the paper to argue in support of one side of an ethical issue. If so, then you should not only find substantial arguments in support of that position, but also substantial arguments against that position. In other words, try to show that your position successfully withstands strong criticism. Alternatively, you might want to explore an ethical issue without taking a firm stance on either side. In that case, also, find substantial arguments on both sides, and analyze their strengths and weaknesses. It may help to ask yourself as you read: What sort of ethical argument is this? Is it consequentialist or nonconsequentialist? Has the author anticipated serious objections to his/her argument? Are the ethical principles assumed or advocated by the author likely to conflict in some situations? Are any significant ethical principles ignored? If the argument depends in part on empirical studies, are they strong ones, or do they ignore important evidence? Is what the author proposes realistic in economic or business terms? (These questions are meant to be suggestive, not mandatory or exhaustive.)Be very careful to avoid plagiarism. You must cite your sources everywhere in your paper where you use their ideas, and not only when you quote them directly but also where you paraphrase their points in your own words. In general, you should only use direct quotes when you find the authors’ wording to be especially effective. But your paraphrasing or summaries of authors’ points should be thorough: it’s not fair to an author to change only a couple of words in a paragraph of his/hers and then imply (by not using direct quotes) that the paragraph is entirely your own prose.
Effect of Traditional Advertising & Social Messages on Brand Building Metrics Essay

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