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The Community College of Baltimore The County Feminisms Today Discussion

The Community College of Baltimore The County Feminisms Today Discussion.

I’m working on a other discussion question and need an explanation to help me understand better.

Instructions: To become more familiar with feminism today, visit the Feminist Majority Foundation (FMF) website at explore the site (you should spend at least 45 minutes to an hour) and write a post about your thoughts and impressions of where feminism is today — focus on the kinds of issues that FMF tackles, what the main concerns seem to be, and how the feminist message is being conveyed. You can also comment on any similarities or differences you notice about this current wave of feminism compared to past waves.
The Community College of Baltimore The County Feminisms Today Discussion

PSY1111 Powerpoint.

As mentioned before, different cultures have different expectations from their boys and girls; some expect the boys to look after parents when they grow up, some expect girls to be “girly” in their behavior in order to get a better job, husband, or status. Such expectations are reflected in a child’s relation to other children and adults, which may present confusion within the school community.For this assignment, you will develop a PowerPoint presentation on cross-cultural gender development concepts suitable for an audience of elementary school educators in a multicultural school district. You will choose two hypothetical cultures in this district in addition to the (perceived) standard North American culture.Include the following in your presentation:Explain the distinction between culture, ethnicity, and religion in relation to gender concepts.Evaluate the impact of culture on children’s perception of gender roles.Provide concrete examples that illustrate both questions above.Incorporate appropriate animations, transitions, and graphics as well as speaker notes for each slide. The speaker notes may be comprised of brief paragraphs or bulleted lists.Support your presentation with at least three scholarly resources. In addition to these specified resources, other appropriate scholarly resources may be included.Length: 12-15 slides (with a separate reference slide)Notes Length: 100-150 words for each slideBe sure to include citations for quotations and paraphrases with references in APA format and style where appropriate. Save the file as PPT with the correct course code information.
PSY1111 Powerpoint

Table of Contents Introduction Perspective between 2006 and 2056 Conclusion Works Cited Introduction All over the world, the issue that has been of great concern is globalization. To achieve this, interconnectivity in all parts of the world is technologically advancing with regard to means of communication, business opportunities, political ideologies, cultural beliefs and norms as well as trade (Johnson 1). As a result, a global village where connectivity is easily attainable is created. This increases the rate at which nations connect with each other so as to benefit from expanded business opportunities as well as enhanced network of communication. As much as globalization has positive effects on nations and organizations, it also affects the lives of individuals. Perspective between 2006 and 2056 The lives of the Chinese farmers revolve around the farm. They entirely depend on rice, wheat and other crops for their daily upkeep. In general, farming in China is the backbone of country’s economy. Actually, many people find their employment in the agricultural sector in China. With technological advances, production of farming for domestic use as well as export has been increasing in recent years. Because of globalization China has been able to establish a network of communication with the global market thus making it easier for farm produce to be exported across borders. A report indicates that China is now ready to start producing genetically modified crops. This in turn enhances the levels of production. Where as large scale farmers improve with the change in market strategies all the way to the year 2056, the small-scale farmer is left lagging behind still practicing ancient farming systems, still expecting to earn a living. In return, the competition in production between the small subsistence farmers and the large scale farmers lowers down leaving the large scale farmers to take dominance the market. As such, the small scale farmer continues being impoverished. In view of the world in the next 50 years, peasant farmers will be disoriented in terms of communication and market opportunities. This is due to failure to globally grow in line with others as a result of technological as well as social factors. Unless measures are put in place to help such farmers improve with the change in technology, the challenge in 50 years to come will be on the widened gap between the poor and the rich. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In Africa, globalization has increasingly provided opportunities for development and improved living standards. Presently, most African countries are working on regionalism that is the road to globalization. As a result, borders and regional blocks are gradually decreasing hence giving way for multilateral trade liberation. However, the rate at which Africa is globally growing is not comparable to other nations as the United States and or Europe. According to research, Africa as a continent is globally far behind in terms of economic development. Whereas world growth in general is radically improving due to globalization, this may not be the case for most parts of Africa. World Bank report shows that most of the population in the world depends on a dollar per day for survival. This case is true for developing countries as African countries where the majority of the population, approximately a third of the population operate below the poverty line (Hope 18). With such statistics, the global future does not hold much for an African parent in the next 50 years to come. For such a parent who barely spends less than a dollar on her large family, (meaning that in such a family, quality education may not be accessed) globalization may not mean much because they have nothing to share in the global market. Even though this is true for Africa as a continent in the next 50 years, the governments can reverse the situation. This can be achieved through working on policies such as the trade policy and the macroeconomic policy. Trade policy helps liberalization of trade in regions thus increasing the chance for economic growth (The impact of globalization 20). Unlike the case for developing countries as China and Africa, where globalization threatens to increase the rate of unemployment and thus lower the Gross Domestic Product, in the United States, such a move is well planned for and anticipated by many individuals as well as cooperates. For countries such as the United States, development can be traced back when most third world countries were still struggling for national liberation from colonies. Hence, many were left behind with regard to development. Since globalization is an issue initiated by the western world, the rate at which the world is becoming a global village in the view of a U.S software engineer may not be the same as the view of a Chinese farmer or the African parent. To the software engineer, globalization has already taken root and is destined to soar even higher. We will write a custom Research Paper on Viewing the Globe in 2056 specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This is based on the reason that the engineer can reach out to friends and family all over the world through the internet, shop and even market commodities on the internet. This is only a dream to those living in the third world countries who only hear of computers and internet services, they are yet to see and use them. In prospect, globalization in the United States by the year 2056 will further raise the living standards of the population by making it easier to access services from all over while at a single point. This something that is already practical since technology has played a major role in making communication simple and faster. In addition, most companies due to globalization and favorable trade policies are taking advantage of the global market through banking on operating their business around the globe. In comparison with developing countries, this is hindered by poor trade policy making. Conclusion In conclusion, the view of a fully globalised world entirely depends on the current state of a given country. For developed countries, this will be easy to achieve compared to third world countries where it might take a longer time to attain this due to various factors. It is therefore important to note that globalization will not be achieved at the same rate in the world over. However, to achieve this goal, developed countries can partner with developing countries with the aim of gradually integrating the concept of globalization so that the race towards globalization can be inclusive of third world countries. Once adequate strategies and measures towards globalization are put in place, all will realize the positive impact of globalization and as such, solving global issues will be easier because of unity in global progress. Works Cited Hope, Kempe. Development in the third world: From policy failure to policy reform. New York: M.E Sharpe Inc. 1996. Print. Johnson, June. Global issues, local arguments: Readings for writing. 2007. Web. The impact of globalization on developing countries. 2003. Web. Not sure if you can write a paper on Viewing the Globe in 2056 by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More
1.0 Introduction Market failure refers to a situation whereby a freely-functioning market fails to allocate resources efficiently or optimally resulting in undesirable outcomes. Main examples of market failures include market power, externalities, unequal distribution of economic prosperity and inadequate public goods. Market power occurs when economic actors are able to exert considerable influence on market prices or the quantity of goods sold causing concentration of power and imperfect competition. Externalities are the uncompensated impact caused when the market disregard external costs of an economic activity on the well-being of a bystander. Externalities diverge social costs of benefit from the private optimum, leading to market failure as well. Unequal distribution of economic prosperity occurs as people are rewarded according to their ability in generating high income by producing things others are willing to pay off. Markets fail as significant differences in income and wealth leads to a wide gap in living standards between different groups in the economy. Market also fails when there are inadequate public goods which are not provided by the market mainly because of the free rider issue[1]. Hence public policies are required to correct market failure and increase the efficiency and productivity of the market. This ensures that the market is able to achieve the highest total social welfare, thus allowing a greater distribution of income and wealth and higher standard of living. 2.0 Public Policies Public policies are basically described as attempts taken by the government as an approach towards public issues and are commonly incorporated in legislations, regulations, decisions and actions (Venus 2010). Examples of public policies that can be taken to remedy market failure are legislations and regulations, implementation of taxes, subsidies and price controls. 2.1 Legislations and Regulations Legislation is a law which has been enacted by a governing body whereas regulation is a rule or restriction promulgated to control activities of businesses and consumers. There are two forms of regulations, namely industry regulation which prevents firms from gaining and exploiting excessive market control; and social regulation which protects consumers from social costs like externalities, socially undesirable goods and asymmetric information. Examples include price regulations or orders prohibiting collusive practices and monopolistic behaviours which help reduce concentration of market power. Legislations regarding the protection of the environment can also be enforced to reduce externalities like pollution. Legislations and regulation are also an example of command-and-control policies which are specifically targeted at reducing externalities. Command-and-control policies correct externalities by regulating behaviours directly, making them either required or forbidden. This is usually carried out by respective environmental agencies or commissions of a country, for instance the Environmental Protection Agency in United States which restrict levels of pollution and emissions emitted by factories and industries. 2.2 Taxes Taxes are a financial charge or levy imposed upon an individual or entity. Taxes can be used to regulate the market, redistribute income and reduce externalities through the manipulation of the demand and supply curves in the market. Even so, the tax imposed must be equal to the external cost or benefit to achieve the optimal quantity of output. A form of tax is environment levy which is imposed on firms to make them pay for the negative externalities they created. Taxes can also be imposed on undesirable goods to increase their price and reduce the quantity demanded or even used to compel people to pay for public goods to overcome the free rider issue. Similarly, taxes imposed in accordance with income earned helps reduce the market failure of income differentials. At the same time, taxes also helps increase government’s revenue which can be spent on alternatives such as direct provision of public goods and services to compensate for the lack of collective goods. Tax is also part of market-based policies, developed specifically to reduce externalities. Market-based policies internalize externalities by providing incentives so that private decision makers will solve the externalities themselves. An example corrective taxes used to persuade private firms to take account of social costs that arise from negative externalities. Effect of tax on the market can be seen in Diag. 1. Tax imposed on a product would increase its price, effecting both consumers and producers. As production cost increases, the supply curve will shift to the left from S to S1 as producers would decrease the product’s supply. Since the price of the good is now more expensive, the quantity demanded by consumers would also decrease as seen in the change from Q2 to Q1. However, should the demand of the good be inelastic, taxes would fail to create any significant reduction in the demand of the good as shown in the diagram. For example, cigarettes. 2.3 Subsidies Subsidies, also known as negative tax, are financial assistance provided to businesses or economic sectors. Subsidies are used to assist small and potential firms by reducing their production cost so that they are able to compete against larger firms. They can also come in forms of loans or research and development grants to assist firms in their research to produce products of better quality. This reduces the barriers to entry and simultaneously increases competition among firms in the market besides effectively solving under consumption of resources, a positive externality. Furthermore, subsidies can increase socially desirable goods and assist in the redistribution of income. Even so, the subsidy imposed must be equal to the external cost or benefit to achieve the optimal quantity of output. Effect of subsidies on the market can be seen in Diag. 2. Subsidies imposed on a product would reduce its price, effecting both the consumer and producer. Production cost decrease as producers receive assistance and the supply curve will shift to the right from S to S1 as producers would increase supply. Since the price of the good has now reduced, the quantity demanded by consumers would also decrease as seen in the change from Q to Q1. 2.4 Price Controls Price control is a form of public policy where the government uses its law-making power to regulate prices of goods or services. The government may attempt to fix and enforce exact prices of a particular good or service sold or set a ceiling price or floor price (Johnson 2005). Government will then be able to assist consumers and producers with the impact it has on consumer demand and production of the good or service. Price ceiling is the legal maximum price which a good can be sold at but not any lower than that. An example would be rent control to help poor consumers which cannot afford housing. Price ceiling only takes effect when it is imposed below the equilibrium price as shown in Graph A as producers are forced to meet the maximum price set. However, this may result in shortages (Graph A) as the lower price will increase demand for the product. Price floor is the legal minimum price that can be charged but transactions at higher prices are prohibited. An example is the minimum wage laws which increases workers’ standard of living. Price floor only takes effect when it is imposed above the equilibrium price as shown in Graph B as suppliers have to raise their prices to meet the government’s minimum price. However, a surplus may occur (Graph B) as the higher price will decrease consumers’ demand. 3.0 Conclusion As a conclusion, it can be seen that markets require public policies and government intervention in order to function effectively and achieve the objectives of producers, especially small and potential firms; and consumers. Market failure can be redressed through enforcement of legislations and regulations, taxes and subsidies and price control which are able to increase competitiveness, redistribute income and reduce externalities and socially undesirable goods. Although the implementation of these policies are useful in reducing negative impacts on the economy and basically have positive implications, there are also drawbacks. For instance, legislations and regulations are difficult and expensive to enforce whereas subsidies requires a government to first have sufficient financial means which prevents all countries from carrying them out efficiently. Price control also results in surplus and shortages of products they are imposed on in the long run which will also lead to inefficient allocation of resources. Hence, governments should always analyze the economy carefully and critically and carry out policies accordingly to prevent any further deteriorating of the economy. 4.0 References Books: Mankiw, N. G. 2008, Essentials of Economics, 5th Edn, South West Cengage Learning, United States Webster, N. 2005, Economics, 2nd Edn, Greg Eather, Adelaide Websites: Johnson, P. M. 2005, Price Controls: A Glossary of Political Economy Terms, retrieved 16 March 2010, The Smartacus Corportion 2009, Government Intervention: Price Ceiling, retrieved 17 March 2010, The Smartacus Corportion 2009, Government Intervention: Price Floor, retrieved 17 March 2010, Venus, D. 2010, What is Public Policy, retrieved 16 March 2010, Watkins, T. n.d., Impact of an Excise Tax on Subsidy on Price, retrieved 17 March 2010,

Compare and Contrast the Development of B and T Cells

Compare and Contrast the Development of B and T Cells. The epithelial surfaces of the body serve as an effective barrier against most microorganisms, and they are rapidly repaired if wounded. Adaptive immunity is initiated when an innate immune response fails to eliminate a new infection, whereby an activated antigen presenting cells (APCs) bearing pathogen’s antigens are delivered to the draining lymphoid tissues. An adaptive immune response differs from the innate immunity in its ability to target structures that are specific to particular strains and variants of pathogen. T cells are produced in the bone marrow. They are transported still, as pro-thymocytes to the thymus where they undergo the process of maturation and selection. The regulation of T cell maturation in the thymus is termed ‘central tolerance’. During gestation, most T cells generated bear the gamma/deta T cell receptor (TcR) on their surface. In the adult, most T cells bear the alpha/beta TcR. The newly formed TcR then, has to be tested for recognition of self-MHC/peptide. The T cells are tested at a stage of development known as double positive, meaning that they bear both CD4 and CD8 receptors on their surface. Cells with TcRs that recognize self-MHC/peptide with very low affinity will die. This process is known as death by neglect. Cells with TcRs with medium affinity for MHC receive survival signals and undergo a process known as positive selection. Finally, cells which receive a high affinity signal via their TcR die by apoptosis, a process known as negative selection. Cells that interact with MHC class I become CD8 positive T cell, and those that interact with MHC class II become CD4 positive T cells, before migrating out into the peripheral lymphoid system (Wood P, 2006). Mature B cells, like T cell, are also develop form pluripotent stem cells. However unlike T cells lymphocytes, B cell maturation occurs in the bone marrow. There are four different stages of B cell development: pro-B, pre-B, immature B, and mature B cells. During its development, B cells acquire B cell surface marker expression such as B220, CD19, CD20, etc. as well as antigen receptors. The stromal cells lining the bone marrow provide essential growth signals to developing B cells, including cytokines such as IL7 and cell to cell contact, via VLA4/VCAM and Kit/SCF. During B cell development, gene segment rearrangements take place, just like in T cells where TcR rearrangements (central tolerance) also occur. However, for B cells, the immunoglobulin heavy chain gene locus (variable-V, joining-J and diversity-D segments), situated on chromosome 14, rearranges. In haematopoietic stem cells, the Ig heavy chain genes are in germline configuration (Kurosaki T et al., 2009). As B cells develop to pro-B cells, a D-J recombination is the first gene rearrangement to take place. The intervening DNA is normally deleted from the chromosome as a circle. Gene rearrangements are mediated by recombinase activitng genes, RAG proteins. As the developing B cell proceeds from pro- to pre-B cell stage, a V-DJ gene arrangement takes place to form the VDJ coding block that encodes the variable domain on the antibody heavy chain. Gene rearrangement takes place on both copies of chromosome 14 in a developing B cell, but once a productive VDJ block has been assembled on one chromosome 14, rearrangement ceases on the other chromosome, ensuring only one type of Ig is produced by any single B cell. This process is known as allelic exclusion. If a developing B cell fails to make a productive VDJ block, it will fail to produce antibody heavy chain and die in the bone marrow (Murphy K et al, 2008). T and B cell activation: T cell activation takes place in draining lymph nodes (also spleen) close to site of infection. T cell recognizes antigen on MHC (Major Histocompatibility Complex) molecules becomes activated and differentiates to effector cells. Effector T cells migrate to site of infection and carry out effector functions. The T lymphocytes arrive through venules, and cross through the endothelial to the lymph nodes. Antigen presenting cells such (APC) such as dendritic cells, and macrophages presented antigens to T cells. On recognition of the antigen, a low affinity interaction is formed. These T cells then leave lymph node though the lymphatic system. Those T cells that recognize the antigen’s wall with high affinity will be retained and the process of proliferation and differentiation occurs. However, initial B cell activation takes place in T cell zone of secondary lymphatic tissues (i.e. in lyhmph nodes). Mostly IgM producing plasma cells are produced at this state. B cells, unlike T cells, are activated by the ineraction with antigen-specific T cell, by linked recognition. Antigen-activated B cell migrates to B cell area of lymph nodes to form organized germinal centres, where additional B cell differentiation processes take place. It is important to note that T cells recognize the peptide, while B cells recognize the coat protein. For T and B lymphocyte activation 2 signals are hypothesized to be required. Firstly, the antigen stimulus signal and secondly, the co-stimulatory stimulus. The absence of the second signal results in anergy or apoptosis. CD28/B7 interaction is the co-stimulatory signals for T cells while CD40/CD40 ligand, on the activated T cells, interaction is for B cells. For both T and B lymphocytes, in it resting G0 cell cycle, the cell appear to have a large nucleus, with little cytoplasm and show little evidence of organelles. However, when these cells enter G1/S/G2 cell cycle, cell shows an increase in cell size, chromatin de-condensation is seen. Cell division occurs rapidly, generating effector cells of either T or B lymphocytes. Effector T cells include Th1, Th2 and T regulatory, as well as T cytotoxic cell and memory T cells. On the other hand, effector B cells include plasma cell and memory B cell. T and B cell effector functions: B cell response to T-dependent protein antigen results in germinal centres formation in B cell areas of lymph nodes, and specialized processes such as Ig class-switching, somatic mutation and affinity maturation, memory B cell and plasma cell generation take place there. Emerging form germinal centres are somatically mutated and class-switched B cells, which no longer just produce IgM. Memory B cells are long-lived, resting and re-circulating cells, responsible for immunization part which helpto generate rapid and vigorous immune response on second encounter for that specific antigen. Plamablast cells migrate to other sites such as bone marrow, and become plasma cells, producing large amounts of secreted antibody. Some of which can live for long periods. The effector functions of B cells refer to what antibodies do after their contact with the antigen. The antibody effector functions include neutralization, complement fixation (IgM, IgG1/2/3), oposonization and antibody dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity. In contrast, T cell effector functions differ significantly from B cell effector functions. Antigen presenting cells present peptide via MHC which can either interact with CD4 or CD8 T cells. Helper T cells are defined by the cytokines they produce. Naïve CD4 T cells (Th0), on interaction with APC, can differentiate to Th1 or Th2 cells, depending on the cytokine environment. Th1 cells co-ordinate inflammatory immune responses to intracellular pathogens while Th2 cells help B cells to make antibodies required for immune responses to extracellular pathogens, this is known as humoral immunity. Th1 and Th2 cells both act to promote the generation of more leukocytes. Besides Th0/Th1/Th2, other CD4 T cell subsets exist (Zhu J et al., 2010). Resting T cells can differentiate into activated helper T cell, as well as activated cytotoxic T cell (CD8 T cell). Initially, CD8 T cells interact with potential target cells via low affinity/non-specific interactions between adhesion molecules on the T cell (LFA-1 and CD2) and the target cell (ICAM1, ICAM2). This interaction has no effect on the cytoskeleton of the T cell and is a transient interaction unless recognition of specific peptide:MHC complexes occurs. If peptide:MHC I complex is present, the affinity of the adhesion molecule interaction increases and there is clustering of T cell receptor and associated molecules at the point of contact with the target cell forming the immunological synapse. This also signals for cytoskeletal rearrangements organized by the microtubule organizing complex which focuses the cytotoxic granules of the T cell at the point of contact with the target. Notice here, that T cells, unlike B cells do not produce antibodies against antigens. Granules containing perforin and other enzymes including granzymes are released and induce the activation of the cathepsin pathways in the target cell leading to apoptosis. CD8 T cells can also kill target cells via the Fas/FasL pathway which also induces apoptosis (Peter EJ 2007). In conclusion, adaptive immune responses occur when individual lymphocytes capable of responding to antigen proliferate and differentiate to become an antigen-specific effector cells and memory cells. The process of lymphocyte cell cycle progression, proliferation and differentiation in response to antigen and stimuli is known as lymphocyte activation. B cell activation is initiated by the ligation of the B cell receptor (BCR) with antigen and ultimately results in the production of protective antibodies against potentially pathogenic invaders. While naive or memory T cells encounter foreign antigen along with proper co-stimulation they undergo rapid and extensive clonal expansion. In human, this type of proliferation is fairly unique to cells of the adaptive immune system and requires a considerable expenditure of energy and cellular resources. Compare and Contrast the Development of B and T Cells

PSY 2420 RU Abnormal Psychology Normal Behaviors & Maladaptive Behaviors Essay

best assignment help PSY 2420 RU Abnormal Psychology Normal Behaviors & Maladaptive Behaviors Essay.

I’m working on a psychology report and need a sample draft to help me study.

Psy2420 Module 01 Written Assignment – Identifying Clinically Abnormal Behavior Module 01 ContentIn a 2-3 page paper, written in APA format and using proper spelling/grammar, address the following:
Describe the ways in which abnormal behaviors differ from maladaptive behaviors.Explain why it’s important for a mental health practitioner to correctly differentiate between abnormal and maladaptive behaviors.Explain ways in which cultural and/or social norms may play a role when interpreting behaviors.Develop short behavioral profiles for two fictional individuals:the first should portray an individual who exhibits abnormal behaviorsthe second should be behave in a way that would be considered maladaptive
PSY 2420 RU Abnormal Psychology Normal Behaviors & Maladaptive Behaviors Essay

Reasons why the Black women Population did not Consider Themselves a part of the Ongoing Feminist Movements Research Paper

Background of the Study The experiences of black women in the U.S. have challenged feminist scholarship to rethink the relationship between race and gender for everyone. Since the middle of the 20th century, women’s studies scholars have increasingly acknowledged that differences among women arise from inequalities of power and privilege. For African American women, gender is a part of a larger pattern of unequal social relations; how gender is experienced depends with how it intersects with other inequalities (Hooks 8). Research Question What was the position of black women in U.S. society and the reasons why the black women population did not consider themselves as a part of the ongoing feminist movements (in 20th century)? (Hooks 10). From the research question, I intend to explore the gender ideology of the Black Power Movement, the participation of women, the effect of the fight against racism together with an increased level of race consciousness on gender awareness, and the cultural changes inspired by black power. Although women’s activism throughout America’s history is evidence of emerging feminisms, I intend to focus my research on the emergence of radical feminism in which black women question not only their oppression in society but also the very nature of the gender hierarchy and the hegemonic gender system (Hooks 11). This paper is meant to open debate on how women viewed the much-hyped feminist movement. Significance of the Study I have found the work of Bell Hooks (15) useful in understanding the construction of hegemonic gender orders with hegemonic versions of masculinity and femininity. Hegemonic gender constructs perpetuate the idea that gender roles are somehow natural and therefore immutable. They are developed in such a way to maintain control of and appeal across class and race by displaying essential ingredients to all groups. Until men and women challenge these hegemonic structures, which are continuously being reinforced by the media and other forces and institutions, gender equality cannot fully evolve. Some women activists in the Black Power movement, while fighting against racism and class discrimination, began to question their own oppression but did not go to challenge these structures. An examination of the gender in the Black Power movement and the subsequent development of a feminist movement make a critical contribution to the study of gender in America. There are important similarities between the experiences of women in the Black Power movement in the U.S. including the construction of black masculinity (Hooks 20). Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Theoretical Approach and Methods The Black Feminist movement emerged as a response to the Black Liberation movement and the Women’s Movement. During this period, the term “black” was often used to refer to black men while “woman” was used to refer to white women. As a result, this led to the neglect of the existence of black women and their needs. The main goal of the movement was to come up with a hypothesis that could deal with the way race, gender, and class were interlinked in their lives and to take measures that could halt sexist and classist discrimination. There have been arguments that the Black Feminist movement fought for the freedom of everyone in the society since it sought to eliminate racism, sexism and class subjugation. The Feminist Theory is one of the theories that emerged as a result of this movement. There has been known to exist a special bond between Black Feminists and post-colonial feminists since both fought for the recognition of both the men in their own society and the Western feminists. (Hooks 35). Literature Review No one-research study identified examines how Black women addressed the barriers attributed to race, gender, and social class during the black feminist movement. This literature review will provide insight about the political identity of Black women through the lens of Black feminist thought. This section will begin with an overview of feminist theory to offer a context and visualize the origin of Black feminist thought. The literature review will also connect issues of race, class, and gender with the critical variables of self-determination and self-definition as fundamental components of Black feminist thought. To embrace the uniqueness of Black feminist thought, the study will define and describe the outsider-within phenomenon that has plagued Black women since their enslavement. Feminist Theory The purpose of this section of the literature review is to offer a comprehensive understanding of standpoint theory. One should have a firm grasp of this theory‘s tenets to have the proper foundation to understand Black feminist thought theory. There exists multiple related and yet distinct feminist standpoint theories. They are grounded in one original idea, which is that knowledge is socially located and arises in social positions that are structured by power relations (Hallstein 32). Standpoint theorists (McClish

fire performance

fire performance. I don’t know how to handle this Writing question and need guidance.

Watch the videos and create a discussion using questions below. The first video is a local fire department that has made the local news by performing at the local school. Notice their pink shirts. Not only are they teaching fire and life safety to the children, they are promoting breast cancer awareness during the month of October.

The next video is the day at a busy station at the Phoenix Fire Department. Phoenix Fire Department is known for their customer service. They go above and beyond for their citizens and this was taught by a former Chief who has since passed. Many times the activity of the fire department in the community starts from the top. You can see how busy this station is and they still make time to make community events. This is their Motto: “We will Prevent Harm, Survive and Be Nice.”

Discuss the following questions or create your own discussion from your observations which include information from the questions posed.

Why do you think its important for everyone in the fire department to be involved in fire prevention week? Did the video show that children do remember the safety messages?
Do you think that seeing the firefighters out in the community working with the elderly and the children will sway voters when it comes time to vote on fire department ballot measures?
Do you think paid fire departments do less outreach than volunteer or combination department? Why?

fire performance