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The Citadel Compare Contrast Intelligence Nazi Germany Analysis Paper

The Citadel Compare Contrast Intelligence Nazi Germany Analysis Paper.

Compare and contrast the failures of warning in Nazi Germany betrayal of Russia, the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, and the surprise intervention of Chinese forces into the Korean War? What role do “noise” and “signals” play in warning of military attacks?
Review link for perspective: https://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/cuba/1965-…
Background: 
“Regrettably, intelligence analysts often fail to give policy makers and military commanders timely warnings of dangers ahead for American security policy. They may fail, for example, to give policy makers able time to formulate and implement policy that might head off political upheavals that would be detrimental to national interests.
Intelligence analysts too often fail to give consumers adequate warning of weapons and technology developments. American intelligence, for example, over estimated how much time it would take the Soviet Union and China to develop nuclear weapons to end the American nuclear weapons monopoly. More recently, American intelligence dismissed India’s claims that it would publicly detonate a nuclear device, which, in turn, lead Pakistan to do the same to set the nuclear arms race in South Asia into high gear. 
The most stunning type of intelligence warning failure comes when analysts fail to tipoff policy makers to preparations for military attacks by nation-states. Tragically, there is a rich history of case studies on this particular type of intelligence warning failure. This week we will study two of them from World War II, Germany’s surprise attack on the Soviet Union and Japan’s surprise attack on the United States. We also will examine how Chinese military intervention in the Korea War shocked American intelligence.
That intelligence warning failure came at the heels of the National Security Act of 1947, a landmark piece of legislation that laid the foundation of the American national security bureaucracy. It established National Security Council, the Department of Defense, the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the Air Force, and the CIA. Keep in mind that the CIA was set up by President Truman to try to ensure that all sources of American intelligence were gathered and analyzed in one agency to give the president timely, accurate, and forward leaning intelligence.
The CIA’s mission, in no small measure, was to avoid intelligence failures in warning of enemy surprise attacks the likes of which the United States suffered at Pearl Harbor. The 1950 North Korea invasion of South Korea and the subsequent Chinese military intervention into the conflict again surprised the CIA and the president. These events painfully showed that the CIA still had not redressed American intelligence shortcomings.  ”
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The Citadel Compare Contrast Intelligence Nazi Germany Analysis Paper

De Anza College Wk 4 Continuity Editing and Montage Editing Discussion.

After the WEEK 4 lecture, screenings and your journal entry:Stay on this page and CLICK on the upper right “Submit Assignment.” A text box will open and you can type your posting into it.POST a response to one of the week’s learning objectives or whatever interested you about the reading or screenings for that week (1 point). ORASK a question: What do you want to know in respect to that week’s lesson? CLICK “Submit Assignment.” ALSO POST THE SAME RESPONSE ON DISCUSSIONS (as some but not all postings on Modules are showing up there). GO to Discussions to REPLY to another student’s post (1 point). Simply saying, “I agree with you” is not an adequate reply.Link: https://deanza.instructure.com/courses/15320/pages…
De Anza College Wk 4 Continuity Editing and Montage Editing Discussion

West Coast University Globalization of Health Essay

West Coast University Globalization of Health Essay.

The Globalization of HealthCell phones, video cameras, and other technologies are changing the way we live today. It is difficult to avoid the stories and images of poverty, human rights abuses, disasters, diseases, and other tragedies that plague people in rich and poor countries alike.It is not just communications technology that is making the world a “smaller” place. Globalization is also exerting a powerful effect on the conditions in which people live and work, (i.e., the social determinants of health) and, thus, on health itself.To prepare for this Discussion, review your Learning Resources. Search online for current stories/events related to population health.By Day 4Post a brief summary on the effects of globalization on health in Russia. Discuss one change in quality of life in post-transition Russia. Also, explain one change in mortality in post-transition Russia. Provide examples for both. Expand on your insights utilizing the Learning Resources.Use APA formatting for your Discussion and to cite your resources.By Day 6Respond to your colleagues’ postings. Provide a substantive reply to your colleagues in one or more of the following ways and expand on your insights utilizing the Learning Resources:Validate an idea with your own experience.Offer polite disagreement or critique, supported with evidence.In addition, you may also respond as follows:Offer and support an opinion.Make a suggestion or comment that guides the discussion.Click on the Reply button below to reveal the textbox for entering your message. Then click on the Submit button to post your message.RESPOND TO THE FOLLOWING STUDENTS 1)3 days agoShelby Miller RE: Discussion – Week 9COLLAPSEThe Effect of Globalization on Health in Russia As the world continues to become more connected, globalization is becoming an increasingly important topic in the field of public health. There is no one set definition of globalization, and many people and entities disagree on both a definition of globalization as well as its impact. In its simplest terms, globalization can be defined as “closer integration of economics and societies” (Kowachi & Wamala, 2007). Before Russia separating from the Soviet Union, international health policy and research were shunned and considered irrelevant to the Soviet Union (Knobler, 2006). During the 1990s, in the post-soviet period, Russia continued to run into issues with its public health system, and it became a largely unjust system based on politics and finances. Many basic public health principles were overlooked. In the 2000s, Russia started looking toward becoming a more significant player within globalization and began considering global public health principled and made a commitment to modernize its public health approach (Knobler, 2006).Changes in Post-Transition Russia In the years succeeding, Russia’s separation from the Soviet Union rapid mass-privatization occurred, and studies have found that life expectancy in Russia during this period decreased by five years (Stuckler, King & McKee, 2009). Post-transition Russia faces significant health challenges such as depopulation, high mortality, low birth rates, extensive migration, increased morbidity, and an influx of infectious diseases such as TB and HIV (Knobler, 2006). HIV is a significant and growing issue in Russia. Russia has the highest number of HIV-1 infections of any European country, and the rate of infection continues to grow exponentially (Beyrer, Wirtz, O’Hara, Leon & Kazatchkine, 2017). Public Health policy and programs are lacking in Russia about addressing the significant growth of infectious diseases.ReferencesBeyrer, C., Wirtz, A. L., O, H. G., Léon, N., Kazatchkine, M., & O’Hara, G. (2017). The expanding epidemic of HIV-1 in the Russian Federation. PLoS Medicine, 14(11), 1–6. https://doi-org.ezp.waldenulibrary.org/10.1371/jou…Kawachi, I., & Wamala, S. P. (2007). Globalization and health. [electronic resource]. Oxford University Press.Knobler, S., Mahmoud, A. A. F., & Lemon, S. M. (2006). The impact of globalization on infectious disease emergence and control. [electronic resource] : exploring the consequences and opportunities : workshop summary. National Academies Press. Stuckler, D., King, L., & McKee, M. (2009). Mass privatization and the post-communist mortality crisis: a cross-national analysis. The Lancet, 373(9661), 399–407. https://doi-org.ezp.waldenulibrary.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(09)60005-2)2 days agochika Onyejiaka RE: Discussion – Week 9COLLAPSEThe Effects of Globalization on Health in Russia.Globalisation-the increase interconnectedness of countries and the openness of borders to ideas, people, commerce, and financial capital- has beneficial and harmful effects on the health of populations. (Beaglehole & Yach, 2013). Globalisation can bring a rewarding outcome through engaging, advancement, collaboration, partnerships among countries, or states, and also can be detrimental to the health of the society. Globalization effects on health in Russia have a challenging situation after separating from Soviet union especially the excessive rate of unemployment and other health issues but years later there were positive solutions leading to decrease in unemployment. The high frequency of unemployment and job insecurity in Russia makes the labor market consequences of economic stability an important potential public health problem. (Perlman & Bobak, 2009). However, after the break-up of the soviet union, unemployment increased rapidly in Russia, reaching a peak of 10.8% in November 1998, although declining to 7.3% by 2001. (Perlman & Bobak, 2009). One of the adverse consequences of the disintegration of Soviet Union in 1991 was the drastic decline in population health status. (Minagawa, 2018). Discuss One Change in Quality of life in Post-Transition Russia.High prevalence of smoking in Russia, with some policies and promotional campaign, significant decrease were seen and this will change the quality of life in Russia. Russia has high smoking rates and weak control policies. (Maslennikova et al., 2014). Also, Maslennikova et al., (2014), stated that A simulation model is used to examine the effect of tobacco control policies on past and future smoking prevalence and premature mortality in Russia. According to Maslennikova et al., (2014), The model shows: Some policies have recently been implemented, such as higher taxes, a media campaign and health warnings, which have already reduced smoking rates by 8% and prevented 1.4 million smoking attributes deaths (SADs). Life expectancy has continued to rise for both men and women since the 2000s, and researchers now argue that Russia has finally departed from the past pattern of substantial mortality fluctuations. (Minagawa, 2018). Explain one Change in Mortality in Post-Transition Russia. The fall of communism in the Soviet Union in 1991 was followed by an precedented increase and fluctuations in mortality in Russia. (Perlman & Bobak, 2009). Mortality rate for some health diseases like cardiovascular diseases plunge in the post-transition era due to some factors and causes that contributed to it. Heavy alcohol consumption and stressful socioeconomic conditions are though to provide the most likely underlying explanations for the “mortality crisis”. (Parlman & Bobak, 2009). The most recent figures for 2014 show that life expectancy at birth stood at 65.3 years for men and 76.5 years for women, compared with 58.5 and 71.9 years, respectively, in 2003. (Minigawa, 2018). Expand on your insights utilizing the learning resources.Another educative and informative week on Russia’s health globalization. The materials, learning resources, and other resources assisted me to navigate the information for the assignment. Hopefully, some of us in the Public health professions in future will incorporates their areas of specializations to help in globalization of health. ReferencesBeaglehole, R., & Yach, D. (2003). Globalisation and the prevention and control of non-communicable disease: The neglected chronic diseases of adults. The lancet, 362(9387, 903-8. doi:http://dx.doi.org.ezp.waldenulibrary.org/10.1016/s…Maslennikova, G. Y., Oganov, R. G., Boytsov, S. A., Ross, H., Huang, A., Near, A., . . . Levy, D. T. (2014). Russia SimSmoke: The long-term effects of tobacco control policies on smoking prevalence and smoking-attributable deaths in russia. Tobacco Control, 23(6), 484. doi:http://dx.doi.org.ezp.waldenulibrary.org/10.1136/t…Minagawa, Y. S. (2018). Changing life expectancy and health expectancy among russian adults: Results from the past 20 years. Population Research and Policy Review, 37(5), 851-869. doi:http://dx.doi.org.ezp.waldenulibrary.org/10.1007/s…Perlman, Francesca, M. B. B.S., phD., & Bobak, Martin, M.D., phD. (2009). Assessing the contribution of unstable employment to mortality in posttransition russia: Prospective individual-level analyses from the russian longitudinal monitoring survey. American Journal of Public Health, 99(10), 1818-25. Retrieved from http://ezp.waldenulibrary.org/login?qurl=https%3A%… 3) 2 days agoSheena Johnson RE: Discussion – Week 9COLLAPSEOn December 31, 1991, what was formerly known as the U.S.S.R ceased to exist and became the Russia Federation (Hellie et al., 2020). There was no clear plan on how to complete the transformation to democracy and market economy says Hellie et al. (2020). Russia is a wealthy country and has vast resources at its disposal, yet these riches have a limited benefit for its citizens (Kalinich, C., 2016). When compared to the U.S., Russia spends $158 USD per capita on health insurance versus $4,1187 USD.Mortality Rates Post-TransitionAccording to Popov (2018), the increase in mortality in Russia post-transition was the most significant with it increasing by 60 percent by 1994. The increase in mortality rates could have been due to the stress from the 1998 economic crash of the ruble according to Popov (2018). This crash in the Russian economy could have lead to deterioration in the diet and the healthcare system (Popov, 2018). Quality of Life Post-Transition RussiaThe quality of life in Russia also declined after the transition to democracy. When asked to rate the quality of life in Russia, the OECD (Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development) reported a 5.8 out of 10 rating. Variables leading to this rating could be attributed to low income, pollution, poor healthcare, and poor living conditions (OECD, 2020).Overall, the quality of life in Russia’s post-transition has decreased despite the fact that Russia has enormous amounts of wealth. The mortality rate has increased dramatically, and yet there seems to be no plan of action in site for Russian citizens. As stated throughout the book, Wilkinson & Prickett (2011), the more inequity a country has the more health disparities there are, thus in turn affecting the quality of life for those individuals residing in these places.ReferencesChelala, C. (2012, December 23). Russia’s Demographic and Public Health Crisis. Common Dreams. Retrieved from http://www.commondreams.org/views/2012/12/23/russias-demographic%20-and-public-health-crisis. July 28, 2020.Hellie, R. et al. (2020). Post-Soviet Russia. The Yeltsin presidency (1991-99). In Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved from https://www.britannica.com/place/Russia/Post-Soviet-Russia July 28, 2020Kalinich, C. (2016). Russia: The sickness of a nation. The Yale Global Health Review. Retrieved from https://yaleglobalhealthreview.com/2016/12/21/russia-the-sickness-of-a-nation/ July 28, 2020.Popov, V. (2018). Mortality and life expectancy in post-communist countries. DOC Research Insititue. Retrieved from https://doc-research.org/2018/06/mortality-life-expectancy-post-communist/ July 28, 2020.Telen, M. J. (2014). Teaching Evidence-Based Medicine in The Former Soviet Union: Lessons Learned. Transactions of the American Clinical and Climatological Association, 125, 89. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4112671/ July, 28, 2020.Wilkinson, R. G., & Pickett, K. (2011). Chapter 5. The spirit level: why greater equality makes societies stronger. Bloomsbury Press.4)1 day agoOdion Clunis RE: Discussion – Week 9COLLAPSEPopulation Health of the Former Soviet Union Summary of the effects of globalization on health in RussiaAs early as 1914, the revolution in Russia began with a population of 150 million people from over 100 different nationalities (WHO, 2020). During this time, Russia was behind Western Europe and North America with globalization, which made Russia appear inadequately prepared to other nations. Moreover, there was a lack of suitable leadership, resulting in many deaths (WHO, 2020). With the population growing, the demand for goods increased, and tension between other nations began to escalate. From the 1917 Socialist Revolution until the late 1920s, Soviet social hygiene provided a basis for developing a new system of health protection and improvement (Danton, 2007). It increased the loyalty of health professionals, incorporating education in Marxist philosophy and related social sciences. One change in the quality of life in post-transition RussiaThe pain of transition was concurred by a majority of the Russian people, who lost their life savings, job security, guaranteed health care, free education, and many other benefits. Russians that utilize the workforce reported that benefits were taken for granted under socialism (Danton, 2007). In response to declining birth rates, the government has approved mothers’ financial incentives to have children by providing funds for childcare(Danton, 2007). There is worry among the Russian mothers that the incentives provided are not enough to decrease childcare costs. Moreover, women who are in need often are overlooked and never receive incentives. In the cases of these desperate mothers, given the current health crisis, these incentives are unlikely to improve birth rates, and more efforts should be placed on reform and quality(Danton, 2007). One change in mortality in post-transition RussiaRussia’s overall population totaled 146.7 million in January-September 2019 (The Moscow Times, 2020). The crisis in Russia is so severe that the term “disappearing population” has been applied to Russia due to a mortality death rate, low birth rate, and low life expectancy (WHO,2020). The World Health Organization reported that the Russian population is declining by 700,000 people per year due to poor health and economic conditions(WHO,2020). Russia is one of the few countries in the world where life expectancy is declining. Life expectancy is at 66 years for males and 77 years for women(WHO,2020).Danton, C. (2007). The Health Crisis in Russia – University of Denver. https://www.du.edu/korbel/hrhw/researchdigest/russia/health.pdf.World Health Organization. (2020). Russian Federation. World Health Organization. https://www.who.int/countries/rus/en/.The Moscow Times. (2020). Russia’s Natural Population Decline to Hit 11-Year Record in 2019. The Moscow Times. https://www.themoscowtimes.com/2019/12/13/russias-natural-population-decline-hit-11-year-record-2019-a68612.
West Coast University Globalization of Health Essay

ECO 100 SU Economic Principles Tax Cuts Economic Growth & Taxable Income Discussion

essay writer free ECO 100 SU Economic Principles Tax Cuts Economic Growth & Taxable Income Discussion.

Exploring Tax Cuts, Jobs, and Tax RevenueThere has been discussion about whether the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act that took effect in 2018 is increasing tax revenue. Tax revenue can be thought of an as average tax rate multiplied by taxable income. If the average tax rate falls while taxable income stays the same, tax revenue will fall. But what if the tax cuts increase taxable income? The major schools of thought in macroeconomics (Keynesians and Neoclassicals) believe that tax cuts increase economic growth. Economic growth increases taxable income. Our economic growth before the pandemic brought unemployment down to historically low levels.Reply to these questions to begin your discussion:Do you think that tax cuts increase economic growth and taxable income so much that tax revenue increases?Or do you think that tax cuts reduce tax revenue? Explain your answers.
ECO 100 SU Economic Principles Tax Cuts Economic Growth & Taxable Income Discussion

Personality Tests in the Field of Psychology Essay

Personality tests are tests that are to determine some of the unique characteristics that a person possesses. This is because each and every person is unique in one way or the other and; therefore, these tests can establish this uniqueness through analyzing some personal attributes about a person. Personal tests usually involve a series of questions with multiple options that a person can use as the answer and in most cases; there is no right or wrong answers. The personality test tested by the questions below aims at analyzing several unique traits about an individual. These include the person’s preferred work environment, the nature of job they might be interested in, their emotional stability, and their capability to sit and reflect upon things. Other traits include their approach to life in terms of whether or not they are outgoing, their interests in philosophical debates, their approach to decision making, and their perception to strangers and other people in general (Personality Net). This personality test is crucial as far as the field of psychology is concerned because psychology deals with analyzing human behavior in an effort to establish how individuals think, their emotional characteristics and how they might react to various situations. For this reason, psychology has found application in many areas including, mental health analysis, career appraisal techniques and treatment of various conditions (Janda, 41). From the definition of psychology, it follows then that this test relates to psychology as it aims at analyzing certain characteristics about an individual. This is in an effort to establish a link between an individual’s potential behavior including how they think, how they would react to certain situations, their perception of other people, their perception towards work, and many other aspects that are unique to an individual and form the basis of their behavior in certain situations (Personality Net). When it comes to personality tests, the credibility of the tests is a key factor when determining their real life applications. Personality tests are credible if they meet certain threshold depending on the personality issues that they are attempting to test (Carter, 59). Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Some of the aspects that can be used to analyse a test’s credibility include: whether or not the test has covered all the relevant areas of the person’s life that might influence their personality and the inclusiveness of the option accorded to the respondent. Another crucial aspect is if the test can apply the respondent’s response effectively for the purpose of analyzing their personalities (Carter, 62). This test is credible since it seeks to establish a person’s behavior from various perspectives, and it is this multifaceted approach that affirms its credibility. Moreover, the test efficiently applies the use of the response given by the respondent for the purpose of analyzing their personalities. Some of the strong points about the test is the fact that it applies the use of a significant number of questions in order to analyse a person’s personality, and this inclusiveness is an indispensable part of a personality test. In addition to that, the test’s questions touch on various aspects of a person’s life thus analyzing their personality from different angles. The weak points of the test would perhaps be the fact that it does not offer a lot of options in terms of respondents’ responses and this limits its effectiveness. Furthermore, the test does not apply the use of any open ended questions in its analysis thus making it inflexible. Works Cited Carter, Phillip. IQ and Personality Tests. New York: Kogan Page, 2007. Janda, Louis. The Psychologist’s Book of Personality Tests. Boston: John Wiley

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Discussion Reply Posts. I need support with this Writing question so I can learn better.

I need two reply posts. One for each student. I have attached the student’s posts.
For Your Response Post
The minimum requirements for the response post are as follows:
1. Create three well-written paragraphs in response to two classmates’ initial posts.
a. Provide information, insight, and logical analysis about each of the topics and/or questions of the assignment.
b. Do not limit your discussion to “I agree,” “That’s great,” and so forth. Substantiate your position by using meaningful observations for corroboration such as: professional experiences, relationships, and citing scholarly or reputable sources when appropriate.As a guide for high quality response posts, use the RISE model, which encourages the steps of Reflect, Inquire, Suggest, and Elevate as outlined in the rubric.
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