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Thanks to the Affordable Care Act, most forms of birth control are now covered by health insurance with no

Thanks to the Affordable Care Act, most forms of birth control are now covered by health insurance with no out-of-pocket costs, but there are limitations. Research the various methods/techniques of birth control and find statistical data on unplanned pregnancies across the United States and within your state. Are you surprised by the pregnancy rates within the United States and your state? Why or why not? Should birth control products be free to anyone who wants to use it? Should birth control products, such as condoms, birth control pills, and patches, be readily available for teenagers without a parent’s knowledge or consent? Why or why not? If so, at what age?
Samra Saleem Unit 2: Understanding and Promoting Children’s Development In this assessment I will be describing the expected pattern of children’s development. I will be analysing how personal and external factors can influence a child’s development, the reasons why children’s development may not follow the expected patter and why early intervention is important when delays in development are suspected. Children’s development will usually follow an expected pattern; however children will develop at their own rate and in their own time. Understanding the pattern of child development can help to identify children who may have delays in their development and require additional support. I will be looking at child development and will be looking into Physical Development Cognitive Development Communication Development Social and Emotional Development Moral Development Physical development: physical development looks at how children attain physical movements. Physical movements are split into three different skills. Gross Motor Skills is the movement of larger limbs, for example using your arms or legs. Fine Motor Skills is when smaller movements are obtained such as using your hands to hold things and Locomotive Skill is when there are full body movements such as walking or running which requires the whole body to move. The following the expected stages of development in physical development for children: 0-6 months: at this stage babies are able to lift and turn their heads and growth and height from their time of birth. Baby’s weight may drop after birth will be gained quickly. 12-18 months: during this stage most children will develop strength in their legs and will begin to stand up without the help of another person and start walking. 3-5 years: at this stage children will be able to co-ordinate their movements. They are also gaining more control of their fine manipulative skills and are more competent in using material and scissors. 7-9 years: at this age children’s fine and gross motor skills are now well developed and they are continuing to grow in height. You will begin to notice that the child is able to write better and neater and have the ability of stability in their hands. 11-13 years: at this stage children will most likely go through puberty. This is when the child’s body will go through different stages of sexual maturation. Cognitive Development: this area of development looks at a child’s intellectual development, the way in which the brain processes information. Cognitive skills include memory, problem solving and imagination. 0-6 months: at this stage babies can recognise the sounds and smells of their mother and will be aware of their surroundings. 12-18 months: at this stage babies are becoming more aware of their routine for the day. At this age babies are able to play with more complex toys. 3-5 years: at this stage children’s concentration is growing in activities they enjoy and show a like into the activities which they would prefer. 7-9 years: at this stage children’s academic skills are developing and writing and reading become easier. At this age children will be able to take tasks such as problems solving and putting their skills into practice. 11-13 years: children are able to reason more and can solve more complex problems. Communication Development: this area of development looks at the way that children learn to communicate. Communication development includes reading and writing, verbal communication and non-verbal communication, such as gestures and body language. Even before children can say their first words, they are already capable of understanding a great deal of language. 0-6 months: at this stage new born babies communicate their needs by crying. Babies will start getting your attention when needed my makes sounds and acknowledge others by smiling. Babies at this age will also be able to differentiate between their parents and others voices. 12-18 months: by this age babies will be able to replace their blabbering with some simple vocabulary. 3-5 years: at this stage children’s vocabulary is continuing to increase and their speech will now be recognisable to most adult’s. at this age you will find that children are much more aware of their surroundings and how things happen, therefore they will start asking questions regarding incidents. 7-9 years: by this age children are able to communicate properly and hold full conversations and also the skills of writing and reading has also extended by this age. 11-13 years: at this stage children now have developed good reading and writing skills, with grammar becoming more accurate in written communication; therefore they will have the ability to write out sentences in the right structure. Social and Emotional Development: this area of development looks at children’s development of feelings and self-identity as well as the formation of relationships. This area of development also covers behaviour – a child understanding what behaviour is acceptable and social skills such as feeding themselves. From when a baby is born and to their early childhood there are many changes which they undergo. 0-6 months: at these early years the babies will be able to establish a close relationship with their main carer and will settle in for feeding and for comfort from that individual. As the baby gets a little older he/she will begin to smile and show enjoyment in activities 12-18 months: at this stage the babies are likely to experience anxiety when separated from their carer and have fear of any strangers. Children in this age group start showing significant amount of interest in other children. 3-5 years: at this age children will begin to take more interest in other children around them and also engage themselves into play activities with them. 7-9 years: by this age children are going through the stage of making good friends which is a very important factor in a child’s life stage. 11-13 years: there will be a lot more changes in a child’s life at this stage as they are getting ready to move to high school. This could be a tough time for a child as they may need to leave old friends whom they may have a good relationship with and the thought of going into a new environment may stress them out as they will need to make new friends. Moral Development: this area of development is strongly linked to social an emotional development and covers the choices and decisions that children and young people make. The development of morality also covers how children react and behave towards other people and the principles and attitudes they adopt. 3-5 years: at this stage of development children are most likely to have difficulty in understanding what is considered as right and wrong choices and actions. 7-9 years: by this stage children will appreciate if they are given duties and responsibilities as by now they know what is expected of them. 11-13 years: at this age children will have an expanded understanding about the importance of why rules and boundaries are set and how to effectively follow them. A child’s development is shaped by both personal and external factors. The following are some of the factors which influence a child’s development. Personal factors Problems during pregnancy and birth: a child’s development occurs as soon as conception is taken place as soon as the egg and sperm meet. This is when the generic information for that child is determined. A well-known condition known as down syndrome is a condition caused when there is an extra chromosome present. This condition causes delays in a child’s development through learning difficulties and heart problems. babies can also be effected by their mother behaviour and attitude during pregnancy. For mothers who smoke, take drugs and consume alcohol during their pregnancy can have a high risk and harm their baby. Birth experiences can also have an influence on a child’s development. Babies who are born prematurely may have delays in their development process as well as babies who do not breathe instantly at birth could suffer from lack of oxygen to their brain and body. Health: a child’s health can also be determined by their generic factors. Factors such as poor health can effect a child’s development and strain physical strength. Disabilities: generic factors at birth could also lead to babies having disabilities and health conditions which they are born with. These disabilities and health issues will affect their development process. External factors Poverty: there is increasing numbers of children who are experiencing poverty. 1 in 4 children is experiencing poverty in the UK and is said to be increasing my 2020. This number relates to the relative poverty than the absolute poverty. Relative poverty is a comparison of income compared to the average income off households. These are requirements needed to live a daily life from the materialistic things and the personal possessions. Absolute poverty is a lack of basic human needs including food, shelter, warmth, sanitation, health care and education. A balanced diet in a child’s growth is very crucial for their development. Families who may not be able to afford much may end up buying cheap food which contains harmful substances for a child’s diet. These foods are often full of saturated fats, salt and sugar and consuming large amounts of these foods can lead obesity and malnutrition in children. Consumptions of such foods can result in the children being hyperactive and lethargic. Those who live in poor housing conditions may suffer from conditions such as asthma due to cold and damp housing conditions. Family backgrounds and ethics have a really important part in a child’s development as children will watch and learn from their parents and other family’s members whom they are around. As children grow older they will find themselves in situations where they will need to make decisions on their own. Negative pressure from friends could lead to a negative decision and action taken by the child. Emotional influences: children will succeed when their emotional needs are met and when they feel happy and secure. Physical reasons: a child’s physical growth can affect its overall development. If a child is suffering from difficulties in their growth this could lead to their physical development being affected too. Environmental factors: external influences such as their family structure and the education which they receive could also have an impact on a child’s development. Cultural reasons: all cultures hold different beliefs and values about their children’s upbringing. The difference in being treated due to your sex could play a part on a child’s development negatively. Social influences: family structures and lifestyle has been seen to influence a lot on a child’s development. For those children who see their parents going through a separation or divorce may be effected negatively and undergo stress. Disability: there are many disabilities and conditions that a child can be born with or develop. Each of these will affect a child in a different way and will impact to changing levels on their learning and development. Early intervention If a child has been suspected of having a delay in their development, at this stage it is very important to identify exactly what support is needed and receive appropriate help and support for the overall development of the child. Identifying these delays early enables the child to overcome the difficulties and develop in the area where support is needed. If conditions and development factors are identified within a child then there is an opportunity to get receiving support from the Early years childcare settings. Children attending these settings will be assigned to a key worker who is responsible for that child. The child will closely be observed and any areas of concern will be highlighted.

Body as a form of capital

Body as a form of capital. Baudrillard writes that ‘Beauty is such an absolute imperative because it’s a form of capital’ (1998: 132). Analyze the role of the body as a form of capital (addressing the specific practices and implications) with reference to one particular form of body work (e.g. an occupation, a consumer practice e.t.c). This essay would focus on the body form of a bodybuilder as a form of capital. Bodybuilding being a form of capital is said to add value to an individual’s body. This value could be economic, social, cultural and symbolic (Bourdieu 1986). “Physical capital is most usually converted into economic capital (money, goods, services), cultural [for example] education and social capital (social networks which enable reciprocal calls to be made on the goods and services of its members)” (Bourdieu 1978, 1984, 1986) in Shilling 2003, p. 111. Our conception of beauty is shaped by the media. “Bourdieu’s analysis of the body involves an examination of the multiple ways in which the body has become commodified in modern societies” in Shilling 2003, p. 111. This is why Bourdieu’s theory of social reproduction would be used intensively to explain why Baudrillard wrote that “beauty is such an absolute imperative because it’s a form of capital” (1998: 132). This would be done in relation to Bourdieu’s physical capital to the body. It was stated by Bourdieu that ‘This refers not only to the body’s implication in the buying and selling of labour power but to the methods by which the body has become a more comprehensive form of body capital; a possessor of power, status, distinctive symbolic forms. (In Shilling 2003, p. 111). So in relation to bodybuilder the practices of the bodybuilder would be taken into account, e.g drug taking to enhance the muscles and the implications of such behavior. Beauty is an absolute essential in our society; it allows for individuals to feel really confident with themselves and hopefully in their endeavors to be able achieve success, as in our current environment greater emphasis is placed on peoples physical appearances. This could make a huge difference between failure and success. This aspect can be linked to Marchand’s parable of the first impression, which states ‘first impressions brought about immediate success or failure… the reason one man gained a promotion or one woman suffered a social snub had become less explicable grounds of long-standing favoritism or family feuds’ (1985, p. 217). This could be related to bodybuilding as if one is not muscular enough; they might not enter for a show or competition. This idea of presenting one’s self in an acceptable manner in a bodybuilding sector of society would have made individuals feel good and helped increase their self esteem amongst their peers thus ensuring happiness; this could hence be linked to the social capital as they would gain increased connections. The implication and practices of being a bodybuilder would most probably be the idea that they are trying to make themselves feel confident in the body they are in. The ideal of feeling confident could be said to be on a personal level, on an economic level for these bodybuilders, they would be able earn money, earn a living for what they do. And on a social capital level, they would be able to earn a status amongst their peers because according to Klein ‘image is everything’ (1993, p. 3) and that ‘the goals of competitive bodybuilders are not simply to be champions but to become Mr. Olympias and Mr. Universe (Ibid, p. 3). This could also link to the symbolic capital. Contributors to the recently established sociology of the body (e.g. Nettleton and Watson 1998, Shilling 1993) reference Giddens (1991) when contextualizing a burgeoning social scientific interest in bodily matter. According to Giddens, contemporary society (what he terms ‘high’ or ‘late’ modernity) is a post traditional order where ‘the self, like the broader institutional context in which it exists, has to be reflexively made’ (1991: 3) in Monaghan 1993, p. 4. So in relation to the body builders it could be suggested to what Monaghan calls ‘striving to create ‘the perfect body’ (1999a in Monaghan 1999, p. 708). So in the case of the bodybuilders, they practice using body enhancement medication so that they could work and reach that potential. This can be illustrated again by Monaghan ‘bodybuilding, a project like activity’ (Bloor et al 1998) adopted by the denizens of the late modernity, represents one choice (among many) for sustaining a coherent narrative of self (Giddens 1991). It can be argued that in a post traditional world there is confusion, as science has taken over traditional authority, so it can be argued that bodybuilders take risks. It was stated by Monaghan that ‘ bodybuilders who are steroid users, are engaging in chemical, not just social constructions (Bloor et al 1998: 41); hence the beneficial possibilities of science and technology become double edged, creating new parameters for risk (1999, p. 726). Advertising is said to have given rise to why so much importance is placed on the human body. It has always proposed the idea that it can fix any imperfection of the body and that such solutions are available to anyone who is ready. This can be related to Marchands Democracy of goods. MaguireBody as a form of capital

Cypress College Truth and Illusion in the A Streetcar Named Desire Discussion

essay writing service free Cypress College Truth and Illusion in the A Streetcar Named Desire Discussion.

A Streetcar Named DesireEssay IIn your groups, you discussed issues related to contrasts (representative motifs) in A Streetcar Named Desire. It is common for an author to use such contrasts to illuminate major themes in the drama and set up the reversals to accentuate them. Use the prompt below to think about and then discuss (in and essay) one of the major themes that you feel Williams intended to present in his play.Assignment:Identify and discuss the main theme idea of A Streetcar Named Desire. In your answer, consider focusing on one of the interpretive lenses we’ve been practicing in order to trace Williams’ intentions clearly. In your discussion, you may refer to class conversations concerning contrasting thematic motifs, you will need to use outside resources to add weight to your ideas, and you should most definitely show several places (evidence) in the play in which Williams is using dialogue, setting descriptions, and events/actions to advance the idea you’ve chosen to argue.Your thesis should represent a clear statement of what you feel Williams’ “Intention” (message) is in writing A Streetcar Named Desire. You’ll need to present support for that claim by tracing events throughout the play that led you to that conclusion. Examples of thematic motifs are listed below, but you may think of one on your own as long as you can make a sound argument. Remember to demonstrate some of Williams’ skill at embedding allusions/symbols and little decorations that further establish A Streetcar Named Desire as a legitimate and serious work of art.Some sample themes you might consider include:• Modernity and Progress Come with a Cost, especially to the Past• Insanity is a Haunting Threat and Disruptive Force that Endangers Life• Even in Situations where Violence and Madness Exist, People have Extraordinary Characteristics that Inspire Sympathy and Warmth• Sometimes Circumstances and People are Not Always as They Seem; in a Complicated World, the Truth about Life is that it is Complex and Untidy – There are no Easy Answers…• “Monsters” come in many shapes and forms and represent a culture’s fear of change and the unknown/unknowable. Williams uses characterization to bring the monster theme to the forefront, and he warns of the dangers that lurk ahead for mid-century, post-war America.Some hints for a successful paper:• Use MLA format – including citing the version of the play you read and any research used in the Works Cited.• When you are quoting from Streetcar, be sure your quotes are clearly marked, page numbers are evident, and the sentence flows (along with the attribution).• Look for ways to make your points/discoveries/observations about the play clear and direct. Support those ideas with thorough explanation (don’t assume I know much about the play, although I might).• Always seek to find the best combinations/series of quotes to prove your points.
Cypress College Truth and Illusion in the A Streetcar Named Desire Discussion

University of South Florida Cultural Factors in Child Brain Development Questions

University of South Florida Cultural Factors in Child Brain Development Questions.

1. Find an article about a public health issue at the local, state and/or national level. Discuss how public health affects you and the lives of others. Identify ways the public health issues can be addressed.2. Find 1-2 recent articles about Florence Nightingale. After reading the article/s, list 3 or more of Nightingale’s contributions to public health, public health nursing, community health nursing.3.Obtain nineteenth- or early twentieth-century medical, nursing, or public health textbooks or journal articles. Discuss 1 or more things that have changed and 1 or more things that has remained the same.4. Describe the concept of upstream thinking and its implications on health care. 5. Visit the American Nurses Association website and explore its pollical action section at type of information is available? 350 plus words APA Format include for article and reference
University of South Florida Cultural Factors in Child Brain Development Questions

Code of Ethics for Mental Health Professions Analytical Essay

Codes of ethics define responsibilities in professional practices. Different professions have specific codes of ethics founded on the duties of the employees, engagements with clients, and professional standards. In the mental health profession, codes of ethics mainly address professional responsibilities, handling of clients, storage of clients’ information, and the relationships that should exist between the clients and the mental health workers. The following paper will analyze two codes of ethics for social workers and the Association for Addiction Professionals, to identify their significance in promoting effectiveness in care delivery process. One of the codes of ethics among social workers is the Social Workers’ ethical responsibilities to clients. The moral responsibility addresses how social workers should be committed to serving the clients, self-determination, informed consent, competence, privacy and confidentiality, interpersonal relationships, and data access processes, among others. Similarly, the Association for Addiction Professionals has one clause dealing with the professional responsibility of individuals working under the addiction channels. Both of these codes address the mannerisms and the expected conduct among the workers in the social sector and the addiction association, especially when conducting their professional mandates. One of the similarities between the codes of ethics established for social workers is a commitment towards effective and efficient service delivery process. Addiction and social professionals have similar obligations of ensuring that the clients receive the best services, attention, and advocacy. In both disciplines, honesty and congruency are inevitable to promote quality services and to maintain the expected credibility. Also, the code of ethics in the two disciplines advocate for peace and avoidance of any conflict of interest. Battles occur in any social setting due to indifferences, pressure, and incongruence. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More However, it is upon the social worker and addiction professional to avoid conflicts with fellow workers, clients, and employers (National Association of Social Workers, 2012). Rationality, asceticism, and critical evaluation of ideas promote understanding and peaceful environment (The Association for Addiction Professionals (NAADAC), 2012). Privacy and confidentiality are other important issues addressed in the codes of ethics for social workers and addiction professionals. In both contexts, employees and mental health professionals are mandated with the responsibility of upholding the privacy, confidentiality, and trust. Private information or any other details about clients’ health remain under the authority of the mental health workers. Both social workers and addiction professionals, store, retrieve, and distribute clients’ information in a way that does not jeopardize the health or life of the clients. Record keeping is therefore vital and sensitive when dealing with mental patients since there are possibilities of interfering with the psychological wellness if the information lands in other hands (The Association for Addiction Professionals (NAADAC), 2012). Both codes of ethics are clear on the safekeeping process of information, access, and distribution of clients’ information. In both disciplines, clients’ information remains private and must never be shared or discussed with other individuals, unless consented by the client, or if sharing is deemed as necessary for the wellness of the clients. Clients can access information to assess their conditions, but if the access process is perceived to have potential harm to the clients, then they should be denied access. The two disciplines require that the workers demonstrate a high level of competence, accountability, and trust. Since most of the clients suffer from psychological and other associated mental illnesses, approach to their privacy and confidentially is a vital process to safeguard their wellness and ensure that the care administered is valid and reliable (National Association of Social Workers, 2012). The two ethical codes are very clear about exploitation and oppression in the workplace. According to both systems, social workers and addiction professionals must not take advantage of their clients, junior workers or volunteers. Respect among the workforce is inevitable to guarantee efficiency and competence among the workforce. The similarities notwithstanding, several differences are apparent between the two disciplines. One of the significant differences is on inter-professional relationships. While the social workers’ code of ethics bans the sharing of clients among different professionals, the addiction profession offers some conditions and exceptions under which such a process can take place. We will write a custom Critical Writing on Code of Ethics for Mental Health Professions specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Addiction professionals have the responsibility of first communicating with a previous professional dealing with a client before proceeding with the treatments. However, social workers are discouraged from engaging in such practices because it is feared that such a move would jeopardize the health and lives of the clients. The other difference is on establishing sexual relationships between the counselor and the clients. According to the social workers’ codes of ethics, sexual relations must never exist between social workers and clients. The reason given is based on potential harm to the clients, due to their psychological weakness, emotional instability, and possibilities of coercion from the social workers (National Association of Social Workers, 2012). However, such a clause does not exist in the professional responsibility clause for the addiction professionals. The addiction professionals do not have any restrictions on engaging in sexual relationships with clients. However, their wellness is questioned in terms of their ability to offer services to addicts when they have similar problems. While the two disciplines have the responsibility of advancing their knowledge about the conditions being treated, social workers are not mandated to produce evidence-based on their educational and professional backgrounds as the addicted professional do (Calley, 2009). However, both parties are expected to act in a professional manner when dealing with their clients. Every mental health worker must work within his or her professional capacity to avoid professional errors and to ensure that the clients receive the best medical care possible. The addiction professionals are not required to adhere to informed consent clause, at which any information about the treatment is interpreted to the best of the clients’ understanding. However, social workers must ensure that in any service delivery process, the clients understand about the treatment option and in case the clients are illiterate, then consent must be sought from a professional third party. This approach makes it possible for clients to participate in the service delivery process. In both parties, the workforce is expected to advance its cultural and social competence in order to understand the dynamics in the clients’ conditions. Race, ethnicity, and gender are some of the underlying factors differentiating response to treatments, therapies, and counseling (Corey, Williams,