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Overview You learned about the artificial intelligence of deepfake. The technology of deepfake allows individuals to generate manipulated photos and videos using artificial intelligence software, such as FakeApp and DeepFaceLab, to generate the content (Elias, 2019). Although creating these fake images and videos may be fun and innovative for the person using the technology, the manipulated content has been known to cause deception, and sometimes harm, involving the individuals who are misrepresented in the videos.Prompt Consider this scenario: A photo of you is on the internet, perhaps a photo you posted on social media or saved to the cloud that other people have access to. Then imagine that someone you barely know, or may not even know, uses that photo and AI to create an embarrassing video starring you. You never actually did what the video depicts, but the technology makes it look as if you have. Eventually, the deepfake video goes viral and is shared with the public.Although this kind of situation may seem unrealistic, perhaps even scary to some people, it has happened to political world leaders and celebrities. Deepfake content has already caused negative implications for others (Elias, 2019). The social and societal implications of using such technology should be considered, especially as artificial intelligence becomes more prevalent. Assignment:What were your initial reactions when you first heard about the artificial intelligence of deepfake?Do you think deceptive technologies, like the artificial intelligence of deepfake, do more harm than good? Or do more good than harm?Do the advantages of these kinds of technologies outweigh the negative societal and social implications?
SUNY Old Westbury Deceptive Technologies Essay
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SEU Week 11 Knowledge sharing and Communities of Practice Research Paper
Over the past decade, some countries have shown high crime rates while other countries have lower crime rates. For example, the lowest homicide rates in 2000 existed in Saudi Arabia and Japan, while France and Germany had the highest homicide rates. Their rates, however, were still lower than the homicide rate in the United States in the same year (Hagan, 2003).Create a PowerPoint presentation consisting of 6-8 slides comparing the crime rates of the United States, China, Japan, Saudi Arabia, England, France, and Germany over the past 5 years:What differences exist? (20%)What factors do you think contribute to those differences? (30%)Provide some examples of how each country has responded to its crime problems. (20%)Can you find any changes in data that may be a result of their efforts? (25%) Please provide APA citations and references where necessary. (5%)For more information on creating PowerPoint presentations, please visit the PowerPoint Lab.ReferenceHagan, F. E. (2003). Introduction to criminology (4th ed.). Chicago: Nelson-Hall.
CRJS 305 American Intercontinential Crime Rates by Country Presentation
HCA 465 Grand Canyon University Health Care Organizational Planning Presentation
HCA 465 Grand Canyon University Health Care Organizational Planning Presentation.
Select a specific health care organization and identify its mission statement. As the leader of the HR department, you have been asked to deliver an orientation presentation to new employees to introduce the organization’s mission statement and provide an overview of at least one key strategic initiative that aligns with the organization’s mission statement. Part of your presentation should provide the history and progress of the decision making process. Include the following in your 8-12 slide presentation along with relevant speaker notes for each slide:
Description of mission statement, vison statement, and at least one strategic initiative (i.e. implementing an organization-wide health record within a 2-year period).
Explanation of how the mission statement is utilized in the organizational planning process.
Description of the constraints of the selected initiative during the planning process.
Description of a few of the tools and techniques that could have been employed during the decision-making process.
While APA style is not required for the body of this assignment, solid academic writing is expected, and documentation of sources should be presented using APA formatting guidelines, which can be found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center.This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.You are required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite. Please refer to the directions in the Student Success Center.
HCA 465 Grand Canyon University Health Care Organizational Planning Presentation
To create a treatment plan for a specific scenario
nursing essay writing service To create a treatment plan for a specific scenario.
For your Final Project, you will create a treatment plan to a scenario featuring an offender with multiple related factors (e.g., gender, ethnicity, type of offense, and age). See the scenarios provided in the Final Project Scenarios document located in the resources for this week.Your Final Project must be presented as a 12- to 15-page (not including references, title page, or abstract), double-spaced, APA-formatted paper. Please use 10- or 12-point, Times New Roman or Courier font. Reference citations should come from peer-reviewed journals, reputable periodicals, and non-commercial websites. Please note that Wikipedia is not considered a scholarly reference and is not accepted as a citable source.In your Final Project, you must:Identify which scenario you selected to use for your Final Project.Explain the offender category(ies) that concurs with the scenario client and discern the treatment considerations inherent in this category(ies).Describe the multicultural factors (e.g., age, gender, and ethnicity) evident in the scenario and explain how these factors affect treatment and treatment approach(es).Describe the treatment approach(es) and/or programs you would use with the offender and explain why.Describe any legal and ethical issues that you might consider in the treatment of your selected offender and explain how you would address these issues.Describe the model you would use to measure treatment outcomes and explain why you selected this model.The scenario I would like is:Scott is presently serving a 15-year state sentence for the conviction of armed
robbery, possession of cocaine, and assault on a police officer. When Scott was in
the custody of the county jail awaiting trial on these charges, he was found to be in
possession of child pornography. He was charged with 1 felony count of
possession of child pornography and received a 12-month sentence for this
conviction. Scott has served 11-1/2 years of his sentence and is scheduled to be
released on parole in 1-1/2 years. He has been denied parole each time he was
eligible because the board did not see “sufficient remorse” for his crimes. Scott has
been referred to the therapeutic staff to help him prepare for his release.
Scott is a 47-year-old Caucasian male. He has never been married and has
fathered no children per his report. Scott has lived the majority of his life in
correctional settings starting when he was placed in juvenile detention centers at
the age of 12 through his release at the age of 19. At the age of 20, Scott was sent
to prison for 5 years after being convicted of assaulting his girlfriend. He served 18
months of this sentence and was released to the community on parole. Scott was
returned to prison after 2 months of release due to refusing to participate in the
parole process. He completed this sentence and was subsequently released. Scott
remained out of prison for the next 3 to 4 years and was “bouncing from place to
place, just getting high, living life, and enjoying.” He was arrested and convicted of
armed robbery, which resulted in a 5-year sentence. Scott was released after 2-1/2
years and then was arrested for the current charges.
Scott reports a long history of substance abuse that started when he was 8 years
old. He started drinking alcohol with his older brother and reports “loving it from the
first sip.” Scott also reports using a wide variety of drugs and says he “loves being
high.” Although he says he understands that drugs have had a detrimental impact
on his life and have kept him from reaching any potential, he further cites “being
high keeps me alive.” Scott has never attended a drug or alcohol program,
although it has been recommended and court ordered in the past. Upon presentation, Scott tells the therapist he “is a lost cause” and wishes every
day he would die. He acknowledges these thoughts of death as being a welcome
relief but cites no plans to end his own life and has no reported or documented
suicide attempts. Scott advises that he has no friends other than the ones he
makes in prison. He is estranged from his entire family and does not wish to be
reunited with any of his extended family. If they were reunited, Scott is concerned
he would just create difficulties for them.
Finally, Scott tells the therapist that he does not wish to hurt anyone else in the
future. He reports significant difficulties with controlling his temper and is
concerned he will accidentally kill someone. Scott also reports a “sexual addiction”
to pictures of “all sorts of people.” He does not believe this is a major problem
because he would never act on his fantasies.
To create a treatment plan for a specific scenario
Emory University Classical and Positive Criminology Research Essay
Emory University Classical and Positive Criminology Research Essay.
Supporting Lectures:Classical CriminologyPositive CriminologyWhat do the terms “disorganization” and “social control” mean, in the context of the structure of an inner city?How do the issues of employment and income disparity impact the individuals or families living in your city or neighborhood? Provide examples to support your stand.The debate between classical and positive theorists centers on the offender’s motivation for criminal behavior. Positivists believe the motivation for crime often arises in response to factors beyond the offender’s control. We often hear examples such as an unemployed person who turns to crime when there’s no other way to pay the rent. How often, though, is crime really about survival? Are people stealing in order to feed their kids, or is this a myth? Cite credible research in your response.Considering the conclusions you reached in the previous point, discuss the policy implications of your conclusion.
Emory University Classical and Positive Criminology Research Essay
Role of Light in Photosynthesis
Role of Light in Photosynthesis. Light has a particulate nature and a wave nature. Light represents that part of the radiant energy having wavelengths visible to the naked eye, approximately 390 to 760 nm. This is a very narrow region of the electromagnetic spectrum. The particulate nature of light is usually expressed in statements that light comes in quanta or photons, discrete packets of energy, each having a specific associated wavelength. In other words, light can be defined as electromagnetic energy propagated in discrete corpuscles called quanta or photon. As the energetics of chemical reactions are usually described in terms of kilocalories per mole of the chemicals (1 mole = 6.02 x 1023 molecules). Therefore, light energies are usually described in terms of kilocalories per mole quantum or per einstein (1 mole quantum or 1 einstein = 6.02 x 1023 quanta). The colour of the light is determined by the wavelength (λ) of the light radiation. At any given wavelength, all the quanta have the same energy. The energy (E) of a quantum is inversely proportional to its wavelength. Thus the violet and blue wavelengths are more energetic than the longer orange and red ones. Therefore, the energy of blue light (λ = 420 nm or mµ) is in the order of 70 K-cal/einstein and that of red light (λ = 690 nm or mµ) about 40 K-cal/einstein. The symbol commonly used for quantum, hv, is derived from this relationship. In any wave propagation, the frequency (v) is inversely proportional to the wavelength. Since E α 1/ λ, then E α V. Plank’s constant (h) converts this to an equation E = hv. Thus hv, used to designate a quantum, refers to the energy content of the quantum. A fundamental principle of light absorption, often called as Einstein law, is that any pigment (coloured molecule) can absorb only one photon at a time and that this photon causes the excitation of one electron. Specific valence (bonding) electrons in stable ground state orbitals are then usually exited and each electron can be driven away from the positively charged nucleus for a distance corresponding to an energy exactly equal to the energy of the photon absorbed (Fig. 5-10). The pigment molecule is then in an excited state and it is this excitation energy that is used in photosynthesis. The relationship between the energies of light, both as calories per mole quanta (per Einstein) and as E ‘O values and the energies required to conduct certain reactions is shown in table 5-2. It is evident that energy of a red quantum is just sufficient to raise an electron from OH- to the reducing level of H2; a uv quantum contains nearly twice this amount of energy. Thus, there is enough energy in a quantum of light (barely enough in a red quantum) to split water. EMERSON EFFECT By experiments, it appears that the high energy of blue light absorbed by chlorophyll is not used efficiently. The basic requirement is for a basic number of quanta. Therefore, the energy of the quanta is unimportant provided they can be absorbed by the chlorophyll. Red quanta (40 Kcal/einstein) are as effective as blue quanta (70 Kcal/einstein), the extra energy of the blue quanta is wasted. Presumably if a quantum is of the appropriate wavelength to be absorbed, it will be effective. However, an important exception to this behavior is the so called red drop, a decided decrease in efficiency found in many organisms at the far red end of the absorption spectrum, usually over 685 nm. Emerson, working with an algal system found that two pigment systems and two light reactions participated in photosynthesis. When exposed to a wavelength more than 680 nm, a specific rate of photosynthesis was observed. Likewise when exposed to a wavelength less than 680 nm a little effect on photosynthesis resulted. However, when the system was exposed to light of both the wavelengths at the same time, the effect on photosynthesis exceeded the sum of the two effects caused separately. Thus Emerson concluded that the efficiency of red light at a wavelength of about 700 nm could be increased by adding shorter wavelength light (650 nrn). This proved that the rate of photosynthesis in light of the two wavelengths together was greater than the added rates of photosynthesis in either alone. This is known as the Emerson effect after its inventor. This provided the ground that the two pigment systems worked in cooperation with each other. The resultant increase in photosynthesis was due to synergism (Fig. 5-13). FACTORS AFFECTING PHOTOSYNTHESIS Several external and internal factors influence photosynthesis. Of the external factors, influencing photosynthesis, light quality and intensity, CO2 concentration, temperature, oxygen, concentration of water, wind speed and nutrient level, are most important. The internal factors include chlorophyll contents, stomatal behaviour, leaf water content and enzymes. Morphology of the plants also influences photosynthesis. Most of the internal factors are influenced by the external factors. However, several of these interact to influence the rate of photosynthesis. For instance, increase in CO2, concentration enhances photosynthesis but such an increase may also cause closure of stomata. Therefore, no net increase in photosynthetic rate is observed. In summary, it may be understood that no single factor should be taken in account to explain an increase in photosynthesis. Certain specific factors that affect photosynthetic pathways are briefly discussed as under: Temperature As described earlier, Blackmann was the first to recognize the interrelations between light intensity and temperature. When CO2 light and other factors are not limiting, the rate of photosynthesis increases with a rise in temperature between the physiological range of 5.35°C. Between 25-30°C photosynthesis usually has Q10 of about 2. Certain organisms can continue CO2 fixation at extraordinary extremes of temperature some conifers at -20oC and algae that inhabits hot springs, a temperatures in excess of 50°C. But in most plants, photosynthesis ceases or declines sharply beyond the physiological limit. Because above 40°C there is an abrupt fall in the rate and the tissues die. High temperatures, cause inactivation of enzymes thus affecting the enzymaticaily controlled dark reactions of photosynthesis. Temperature range at which optimum photosynthesis can occur varies with the plant species e.g. some lichens can photosynthesize at 20°C while conifers can assimilate at 35°C. In nature the maximum rate of photosynthesis due to temperature is not realized because light or CO2 or both are limiting. The response curve of net photosynthesis to temperature is different from those of light and CO2. It shows minimum, optimum and maximum temperatures. Between the C3 and C4 plants, the former species have optimal rates from 20-25°C while the latter from 35-40°C. Similarly, temperature also influences the light (optimum at 30-35°C) and dark respiration (optimum at 40-45°C). Oxygen Oxygen affects photosynthesis in several ways. Certain of the photosynthetic electron carriers may transfer electrons to oxygen, and ferredoxin in particular appears to be sensitive to O2. In bright light, high oxygen leads to irreversible damage to the photosynthetic system, probably by the oxidation of pigments. Carotenes in chloroplasts tend to protect chlorophylls from damage by solarization. The reaction of RuBP-case provides the most important site of O2 effect on photosynthesis. Oxygen competitively and reversibly inhibits the photosynthesis of C3 plants over all concentrations of CO2; at high O2 (80% or over) irreversible inhibition also takes place. On the other hand, C4 plants do not release CO2 in photorespiration, therefore, photosynthesis in them is not affected until very high concentrations are reached which cause irreversible damage to the photosynthetic system (Fig. 5-23). Carbon dioxide concentrations Under field conditions, CO2 concentration is frequently the limiting factor in photosynthesis. The atmospheric concentration of about 0.033% (330 ppm) is well below C O2 saturation, for most plants. Some do not saturate until a concentration of 10 to 100 times this is reached. Characteristic CO2 saturation curves are shown in (Fig. 5-24). Photosynthesis is much affected by CO2 at low concentrations but is more closely related to light intensity at higher concentrations. At reduced CO2 concentrations the part of carbon may change dramatically because glycolate production results due to increased relative level of 02. As CO2 concentration is reduced, the rate of photosynthesis slows until it is exactly equal to the rate of photorespiration. This CO2 concentration at which CO2 uptake and out put are equal, is called the CO2 compensation point. The CO2 compensation point of C4 plants, which do not release CO2 in photorespiration, is usually very low (i.e. from 2-5 ppm CO2). Light The photosyntheticaliy active spectrum of light is between 400-700 nm. Green light (550 nm) plays no important role in photosynthesis. Light supplies the energy for the process and varies in intensity, quality and duration. Intensity When CO2 and temperature are not limiting and light intensities are low, the rate of photosynthesis increases with an increase in its intensity. At a point saturation may be reached, when further increase in light intensity fails to induce any increase in photosynthesis. Optimum or saturation intensities may vary with different plant species e.g. C3 and C4 plants. The former become saturated at levels considerably lower than full sunlight but the later are usually not saturated at full sunlight. When the intensity of light falling on a photosynthesizing organ is increased beyond a certain point, the cells of that organ become vulnerable to chlorophyll catalyzed photooxidations. Consequently these organs begin to consume O2 instead of CO2 and the CO2 is released. Photooxidation is maximal when O2 is present or carotenoids are absent or CO2 concentration is low. Duration Generally a plant will accomplish more photosynthesis when exposed to long periods of light. Uninterrupted and continuous photosynthesis for relatively long periods of time may be sustained without any visible damage to the plant. If the light source is removed, the rate of CO2 fixation falls to zero immediately. The light compensation point is that at which photosynthesis equals respiration and no net gas exchange occurs. The light compensation point of shade tolerant plants is much lower than that of sun plants. Water Water is an essential raw material in carbon assimilation. Less than 1% of water absorbed by a plant is used in photosynthesis. Thus decrease of water of the soil from field capacity to permanent wilting percentage (PWP) results in decreased photosynthesis. The inhibitory effect is primarily due to dehydration of protoplasm and also closure of stomata. The removal of water from the protoplasm also affects its colloidal state, impairs enzymatic efficiency, inhibits vital processes like respiration, photosynthesis etc. The synthesis oforganic compound from carbon dioxide and water (with the reiease of oxygen)using light energy absorbed by chlorophyll is called as photosynthesis. Or through photosynthesis light energy is captured n then that enegy is converted into chemical energy and that energy is the need of organism to survive.plants are autotrophs and they get energy from sun light and they assemble the organic molecules from inorganic resources and this is the reason that’s why it is called as photosynthesis.it is a greek word PHOTO means light and SYNTHESIS means to put together. Ecological considerations in photosynthesis: Ecological consideration means the effect of light ,CO2, water etc. Chlorophyll is not the only pigment found in chloroplasts. There is also a family of orange and yellow pigments called carotenoids. Carotenoids include the carotenes, which are orange, and the xanthophylls, which are yellow. The principal carotene in chloroplasts is beta-carotene, which is located in the chloroplasts along with chlorophyll. At one time, the carotenoids were considered accessory pigments-it was believed that light energy absorbed by carotenoids was transferred to the chlorophylls for use in photosynthesis. It now appears that carotenoids have little direct role in photosynthesis, but function largely to screen the chlorophylls from damage by excess light (see Chapter 6). Carotenoid pigments are not limited to leaves, but are widespread in plant tissues. The color of carrot roots, for example, is due to high concentrations of beta-carotene in the root cells and lycopene, the red-orange pigment of tomatoes, is also a member of the carotenoid family. Lycopene and betacarotene are important because of their purported health benefits. Beta-carotene from plants is also the principal source of vitamin A, which plays an important role in human vision. Lycopene is an antioxidant that may help protect against a variety of cancers. Carotenes and xanthophylls are also responsible for the orange and yellow colors in autumn leaves. In response to shortening day length and cooler temperatures, the chloroplast pigments begins to break down. Chlorophyll, which normally masks the carotenoids, breaks down more rapidly than the carotenoids and the carotenoids are revealed in their entire autumn splendor. The red color that appears in some leaves at this time of the year is due to water-soluble anthocyanins, whose synthesis is promoted by the same conditions that promote the breakdown of chlorophyll. known as CO2 fertilization. In practice, the CO2 content may be increased by 150-200 ppm to a total of perhaps 1.5 times atmospheric levels, although some foliage plant growers may supplement with CO2 up to a total of 700-1,000 ppm. Role of Light in Photosynthesis
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