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Evaluate the causes of stroke. Discuss the differences between transient ischemic attack and cerebrovascular accidents (CVA). Discuss the types, warning signals, and treatment of CVA.What causes migraine headache? Discuss its signs, precipitating factors, and treatment. Discuss the role of analgesic drugs.Why is it important to determine whether a patient is suffering from viral or bacterial meningitis? Explain the cause, pathophysiology, manifestations, laboratory investigations, and treatment of bacterial meningitis.Read and evaluate the pathophysiology associated with Alzheimer’s disease. Describe the changes in the brain as Alzheimer’s disease develops along with the effects on body functions. What are the possible treatments of the disease? 
Pushing the Envelope of Gospel Music The Genesis Gospel Choir pushed the envelope of the gospel genre at a recent concert (Genesis Gospel Choir). Enthusiasm and spirit made up for any weaknesses in their command of the music. The audience was appreciative and engaged and the overall experience was interesting. At a concert of gospel music at Lehman College’s Recital Hall on December 4, the Genesis Gospel Choir was led by Donburn Wint. The choir was joined by several other groups, including H.E.L.P. Ministries, Righteous Cultah, Anisha Lovemore, Purpose, and Living Testimony (Lehman Center For The Arts). The venue is a room of modest size that did not overpower the performers. The choristers were occasionally accompanied by an instrumental ensemble. The strong percussion sound kept the singers in rhythm. Sometimes this was a bit overpowering. The piano helped to keep the singers on key. This seemed to give the singers confidence with complicated harmonies. It was not clear, whether their uncertainty was from lack of rehearsal, unfamiliarity with these particular harmonies, or not reading music. In some cases, the singers were uncomfortable with higher notes. However, when they knew what to reach for, some of them reached high notes successfully. It was a bit disappointing that the titles and composers of the pieces were not listed in the program (Lehman Center For The Arts). The performers announced most pieces, but not clearly enough. The choral pieces were more complex than more traditional gospel songs that this audience member has heard, like My God is a Mighty Man (The Southern Sons). They included some very unexpected harmonies. There was nothing inevitable about the chord progressions. They reminded me of jazz, which fits with the African American background of this musical genre (University of Chicago). They also reminded me of some modern classical compositions. It seemed possible that some pieces were premieres. These pieces of music seemed worth the effort to perfect them. They also showed promise that they would be worth hearing again. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More These pieces did not seem to be improvised, with some exceptions. It seemed, for example, that soloist Anisha Lovemore improvised around the melody. She did not refer to sheet music. The performers were mostly young and female. They obviously enjoyed singing this music together. The soloists appeared more confident in some cases. The instrumentalists were enthusiastic as well. The complexity of the harmonies did present some challenges to the choir. Any lack of vocal skill or unity was offset by their eagerness to share their message, however. It was not always easy to understand the words, and this was a bit disappointing. However, it was clear that these singers were using the same technique of supporting a religious text with music that has been part of sacred music since the medieval era (Kamien 78). The overall message was about God. This message agreed with what was expressed in the concert program (Lehman Center For The Arts). Their spirited performances were received appreciatively by a diverse audience that included both African American, white, Asian, male and female members. Some audience members responded by standing and swaying in rhythm. The audience was cheerfully supportive all the way through, and occasionally said ‘Amen’. They were on the performers’ side all the way. This was a very foreign experience for me because this was not the tradition in which I was raised. However everyone welcomed me and tried to make me feel comfortable and at home. I felt that the composers were trying to do something more sophisticated than in traditional gospel compositions. Even when the performers were not in command of the music, they were trying hard, and they seemed to feel it deeply. This experience made me wish that I could hear these works when they were more polished. That way I could perhaps understand better what the composer was trying to accomplish. We will write a custom Report on Genesis Gospel Choir at the Lehman Center Recital Hall: Pushing the Envelope of Gospel Music specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More As an example of the new directions for gospel music, this was a very interesting concert. It showed what might be the future of this genre. I enjoyed it in spite of it being so unfamiliar with the context. Works Cited Genesis Gospel Choir. “Genesis Gospel Choir Concert.” New York, 2013. Live Performance. Kamien, Roger. Music: An Appreciation. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2011. Lehman Center For The Arts. “Genesis Gospel Choir.” Concert Program. Lehman College of the City University of New York, 2013. Print. The Southern Sons. “My God is a Mighty Manl.” Deep South Gospel. By E. Ratliff, et al. Alligator. Web. University of Chicago. “Gospel: Defiinition of Style.” 2013. University of Chicago. Web.
The Situated Cognition in Online Education Report (Assessment). Introduction Numerous theories try to explain how to integrate pedagogical support in online education to enhance understanding. One of such theories is the situated cognition theory. The theory holds that knowledge and actions are inseparable (Bredo, 2000). It claims that people acquire knowledge by participating in certain activities or by interacting with numerous real life encounters. In a quest to enhance understanding of online education, learners should include interactive programs like simulations. Such programs would give learners a chance to interact virtually with real life situations, and thus acquire knowledge. Besides, instructors ought to consider pedagogical supports like cognitive support to make sure that learners understand what they learn. Rewards might go a long way to help learners to develop interest in a study. Nevertheless, in most cases, tangible rewards do more harm than good to learners. The rewards kill the relationship amongst learners and create unhealthy competition. However, not all rewards are bad. If well presented, some tangible rewards may help learners to develop the interest of performing well in their studies. This paper addresses the issue of situated cognition in online education and effects of tangible rewards to learners. Situated cognition Situated cognition is a theory, which holds that it is hard to separate knowing from doing. According to the theory, knowledge emanates from activities related to physical, cultural, and social contexts. Under this supposition, situativity theorists put forward a form of knowledge and learning that calls for thinking on the fly instead of storage and recovery of theoretical knowledge (Bredo, 2000). Quintessentially, it is hard to separate cognition from context. Rather, knowing exists in a place that is inseparable from people, activity, context, language, and culture. Hence, based on situated cognition, learning is perceived in terms of the ability by an individual to prevail in different circumstances rather than the knowledge that the person possesses. Situated cognition is a radical swing from the ancient pedagogical approaches where teachers gave instructions in a confined environment and expected the learners to accumulate skills and knowledge within the confined environment, which they could apply elsewhere. A good example of how situated cognition works is how students acquire knowledge about fractions in their schools (Bredo, 2000). Students learn by using very abstract examples like pie charts. Hence, in spite of students understanding how fractions work, they might not be in a position to apply their knowledge in real life situations. If such students are taught on how fractions work through practical examples like baking, they could be in a good position to use the knowledge in real life situations. It might be hard for individuals that learn in an enclosed environment to cope with such tasks. Besides, life might at times require one to think critically and it might be hard for people who have never been exposed to practical learning to achieve this end (Bredo, 2000). Therefore, according to situated cognition, an individual can only cope with complex situations if he or she has adequate knowledge and skills in dealing with such contexts. Integration of situated cognition into online learning According to situated cognition, the adaptation of environment and person entails mutual alteration and not inert matching (KirshnerThe Situated Cognition in Online Education Report (Assessment)
George Walles How does a common market differ from a custom union with respect to the dynamic effects of European economic integration? What may impede the transition from a customs union to a common market? This essay will be looking to identify how a common market differs from a custom union in respect to dynamic effects of European economic integration. After that, the essay will be looking at the sort of factors, which may impede the transition from a custom union to a common market. A custom union is where all obstacles of free movement of goods and services are removed and a common external tariff is agreed. A common market is union of partners with free movement of goods, services, and the addition of free movement of labour and capital. The Treaty of Rome in 1957 set out the intension of a legal basis for the start of the EEC and to establish a Common market (Nello 2012). Custom union theory mainly looks at the static effects of European economic integration; this can be shown through the welfare effect diagram (figure 1). In the home country, based on their domestic supply and demand the price would be at Ph. World trade prices would be at P3 where world supply plus a tariff is equal. At P3 the domestic economy would Produce Q2 and import up to Q3. However once a custom union is established the price will fall to P2 as this is the price at which the union partners sell at. Yet they are still not as productive as the world supply because if you exclude the tariff they would produce the good more efficiently at a price of P1. At the price P2, the home country now produces only Q1 and imports up to Q4. However, the home country gains from being in the custom union, areas X and Y are gains and are trade creation of which are larger than the losses from trade, which is area Z, which is trade diversion. Area X is the gains to the consumer due to the lower prices, while area Y is the gains to the producer because of greater efficiency. However the gains from a custom union are only predicted to be with just 0.15 percent increase in growth. The problem with this analysis is that it only shows the static effects of a custom union, and it is only looking at an individual industry and not the economy as a whole. There are a number of dynamic effects made by a custom union is respect of European economic integration. However, these dynamic effects are explicit to that of a firm or an industry and are similar or the same effects of which a common market has, due to both custom union and common market having free movement of goods and services. These effects are a reduction in Monopoly power and increased competition, reduction in the levels of x-inefficiency and the reaping benefits of economies of scale. The difference between custom union and common market is the free movement of capital and labour, this essay is going to concentrate on the free movement of capital. The free movement of capital is where ‘capital controls and restrictions on the amount of currency that may be imported or exported are abolished ‘(Deutsche Bank 2013). Figure 2 is going to illustrate a situation where there is no capital mobility to free capital mobility in a common market to look at its welfare effects. The native capital owners in Home lose since their reward has fallen from r0 to r’. The amount they lose is measured by the rectangle A. The Home labour increases its income by area A plus triangle B, thus the total impact on Home citizens is positive at equal to area D. The Home country also gains from the extra capital flows as it raises total output by area B C D E, while payment to the new capital is only equal to C D E, which is r’ times the capital flows. Moreover, Foreign output drops by D E, while capital remaining in foreign sees its rewards rise from r*0 to r’. The size of this gain is shown in the rectangle F, which is the change in r times the amount of capital left in the foreign country after integration. The total gains to foreign capital is area C D E, while the loss to foreign labour is area D F. The Foreign country therefore gains from the capital outflow by an area equal to triangle C (Baldwin

ENGL 102 Shakespeares King Lear Questions Discussion

ENGL 102 Shakespeares King Lear Questions Discussion.

This week, I’m giving you a whole series of questions to think about and to respond to. You may opt to address some or all of them, but do not just mechanically answer each one in order with a single sentence or two. Give me clear, thoughtful, well-written responses. ***Read Act I- Act III and answer the following questions. : https://www.sparknotes.com/nofear/shakespeare/lear… and also https://shakespeare.folger.edu/shakespeares-works/…In Act I, Kent advises Lear, “See better, Lear.” Consider the role of vision or “seeing” throughout the play. What does it mean to be blind, or to see?Order versus chaos. Not exactly a minor theme, is it? The play begins in order, with Lear quite literally ordering the disposition of his kingdom among his daughters, and then …Bam! Chaos. Personally, politically, even environmentally. (You didn’t think the storm was just a random weather event, did you?) Discuss order and chaos in Lear.King Lear is simultaneously about both family and politics, about individuals and nations. Considering that the play was first performed in 1606, after Queen Elizabeth’s death and the ascension of James I to the throne, what might Shakespeare be suggesting about family, politics, and the nature of political authority?There are two distinct stories in Lear, the main story and the Edgar/Edmund subplot. Both contrast grateful with ungrateful children, filial love and loyalty with betrayal and selfishness. What is the purpose of these parallel stories, and what is its effect? That is, how does it problematize or clarify our understanding of the play’s theme?I know, heavy questions, but you can do it.Remember, I am interested in your interpretation, so no secondary sources, whether credited or not!
ENGL 102 Shakespeares King Lear Questions Discussion

Santa Monica College Module 3 Thomas Hardys Channel Firing Paper

nursing essay writing service Santa Monica College Module 3 Thomas Hardys Channel Firing Paper.

I’m working on a writing Essay and need a sample draft to help me study.

Read ‘Channel Firing’ by Thomas Hardy which is on page 284-85. Here is my Loom video on the poem. (Links to an external site.) Read the criticism by Holder on the SMC database which is right here. It is also here too.ActionsDrawing upon all of the ideas and concepts that have been covered in class, (mainly in my Chapter One) along with anything you may have picked up from the Harvard Writing Center website…do some real brainstorming, generate a THESIS: and then support that THESIS in a college level paper in which you will ESSAY your ARGUMENT. The paper will obviously draw on the poem and Holder’s analysis for support and will also include a consideration of a counter-argument. No other criticism is to be used. If you need a quick refresher: look at the sample paper in the textbook again: one poem, one critic, one thesis = a paper. In this case the paper needs to be 5 pages. Use the ‘Architecture of an Essay’ActionsundefinedHere’s a video of me going over the Architecture of An Essay framework: Make sure you watch it: Architecture of an Essay video guide (Links to an external site.) The paper is a college level essay, therefore it does not a) tell the plot of the poem….b) summarise the criticism….c) talk about how much you liked/disliked the poem and/or the poet. (Clearly: I liked it/ It was boring: is not an argument, it is merely an opinion: a college paper is not an opinion, it is built from an argument which is reasoned. IF you need a refresher on Developing a Thesis : here’s Harvard. ) (Links to an external site.)Also : this is the Sheridan Baker Thesis MachineActions: you can work through the five step process to build a thesis.It will:a) use the poem to support YOUR ARGUMENTb) use the criticism to support YOUR ARGUMENT.I will be using the English Department’s Grading RubriActionsundefined12 point font etc…as always… regular margins.I don’t like to give a prompt: but to help you and to keep you focused on Hardy and Holder (instead of writing about “Life” or ‘War’ etc…) : here is a springboard for you to jump on and dive into some brainstorming to find a thesis:According to Holder, “Unless the comic undercutting of the original atmosphere of the poem is recognized, along with the irony attached to the figure of God, ‘Channel Firing’ might be read as a fairly straightforward and unrelentingly serious condemnation of humankind for continuing to make war, a judgment coming from within a Christian perspective.” Discuss.All of us are only using two things: Hardy and Holder (the critic): so at some level whatever your thesis you will probably need to understand the above quote. Ignore it at your peril!Reminders: Holder is a critic, he has written a critique. ‘Channel Firing’ gets ‘single bunny ears.’ The poem is a poem, not a story, not a novel, not a book, not a review. Good Luck
Santa Monica College Module 3 Thomas Hardys Channel Firing Paper

Cost-Benefit Analysis, Its Strengths and Weaknesses Essay

Table of Contents Introduction Strengths Weaknesses Conclusion Works Cited Introduction A cost-benefit analysis (CBA) is a key decision-making tool for many western countries. This is why nations that have adopted western political ideologies have also embraced the concept for many decades. Consequently, the CBA has infiltrated different aspects of social, political, and economic development in these jurisdictions. At its core is its ability to inform policymaking decisions (Morgan 9-11). This thinking describes a rational and analytical approach to addressing governance issues (Morgan 9-11). Many instruments are used to support this analytical tool, but they are generally quantitative in nature and rational in thought (Welch 57-59; Florio 83-86). This paper examines the strengths and weaknesses of utility maximization, which is a key tenet of the CBA, through an inclusion of different analytical perspectives, such as ethical thought and the practicality of implementing it in real-life situations. The discussion is largely defined through an understanding of the strengths and weaknesses of the CBA. Strengths One of the most notable strengths of the utility maximization concept is its unique ability to act as a social welfare protection tool. In other words, it is deemed an instrument for exploring social decisions (Welch 57-59). It has also been hailed for outlining a systematic statement of goals through its ability to provide policymakers with a wide range of options to accomplish stated goals. These areas of competencies define its appeal to public policy experts. Unlike other decision-making models, which do not have a predictive capability, the CBA is able to describe the kind of outcomes that policymakers will be facing after implementing different policy options (Hahn 105-106). This predictive capability is only an alternative that requires people to confront the trade-offs associated with each action. These trade-offs could be evaluated at two levels. The first one is the aggregate expenditure option, which allows policymakers to evaluate how many financial resources would be needed to accomplish a specific goal. The other part of the analysis is the detailed level, which allows policymakers to examine individual dimensions of their policy plans. Through this process, they are able to ascertain which option has the least desirable effects and maximum utility benefits. Another strength of the CBA is its ability to identify the advantages and disadvantages of every policy decision. These decisions are classified as either the “costs” or “benefits” of the model. In this regard, the CBA provides an objective assessment of each situation, usually within the context of maximizing social interests, as opposed to self-interests (Brent 55-57). The option with the greatest net benefit is deemed as the “best” option and the most appropriate for the society. Broadly, the CBA approach appears to be a sound model for developing policy decisions because it could help lawmakers to understand whether their choices are appropriate for certain actions, or not. Through this process, the justification for pursuing specific decisions is understood. Similarly, by doing so, it is possible to verify whether the benefits of a specific policy action outweigh the cost, and by how much. Consequently, through the quantification of decision benefits, there is a reliable basis for comparing different policy decisions by analyzing the total cost of each option against the expected benefits (Welch 57-59; Florio 83-86). Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The strengths of the CBA model have been highlighted in public policy works that stretch back as far as the 1960s when public policy experts, such as Otto Eckstein, used it to regulate water quality in the United States (US) (Welch 57-59; Florio 83-86). It has also been used to address both the tangible and intangible benefits of developing public policies for managing psychological disorders. In this regard, it has been tested for a long time. However, those who have adopted it have identified some significant weaknesses, which are outlined below. Weaknesses One weakness of the cost-benefit analysis is its excessive reliance on the accuracy of information provided by the stakeholders. This information is central in estimating individual costs and benefits of policy decisions. Studies conducted by Florio show that such cost and benefit estimates are often inaccurate and could have a “domino effect” on other aspects of the policy implementation processes (83-86). For example, some of these studies have shown that information inaccuracy may cause inefficiencies in the policy implementation process (Welch 57-59; Florio 83-86). These problems could stem from several areas. However, the overreliance on data from past projects is commonly cited as the main cause (Florio 83-86). Similarly, the use of subjective impressions in undertaking quantitative assessments also poses a challenge to policymakers because it could mislead the in prediction of the effects of certain policy choices inaccurately. Another weakness of the CBA approach is the difficulty in assessing subjective issues considered in policymaking processes. Indeed, not every variable is quantifiable. Therefore, it is difficult to implement a model that takes into account only quantitative factors in the decision-making process because some variables are subjective in nature (Florio 83-86). In line with this reasoning, the cost-benefit analysis is not entirely objective because it ignores costs that relate to intangible benefits and disadvantages of policy actions. For example, in many government projects, the environmental and social cost of pursuing policy decisions is usually overlooked because monetary considerations take precedence (Brent 55-57). Indeed, as highlighted by Goulder and Parry, this problem has been witnessed in how governments control pollution within their jurisdictions (1-2). Lastly, another criticism of the cost-benefit analysis is its inability to merge or align with morality theories (Weimer 29-31). Particularly, theories that promote deontological concepts have been highlighted as being the most incompatible with the cost-benefit analysis because the concept could support human rights violations if they are done to promote others (Florio 83-86; Weimer 29-31). This issue elicits questions about the importance of respecting human rights, and the case when such a principle can be broken. It also explores difficult issues relating to when it is acceptable to violate some people’s rights to safeguard others. Based on these concerns, the CBA model has been cautiously adopted in “sensitive” areas of political and social governance. Conclusion This paper has shown that the CBA model is a practical framework for evaluating government decisions. Based on a review of its inner workings, it appears to follow the utilitarian reasoning. It is difficult to accept this concept as a generally accepted framework for undertaking public policy assessments because it is inapplicable in situations where subjective issues suffice. Although it is easy to dismiss it based on some of these ethical weaknesses, its ability to evaluate decisions in monetary terms means that it could still be of value to the public policy field. We will write a custom Essay on Cost-Benefit Analysis, Its Strengths and Weaknesses specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Nonetheless, many people could still resist it based on the technocratic illusion that some of its key tenets support. In this regard, the monetary or quantifiable aspects of the model should not be considered a finality in itself; instead, they should be perceived as a necessary instrument for structuring wider political and ethical discussions about public policy concepts. Works Cited Brent, Robert. Advanced Introduction to Cost-Benefit Analysis. Edward Elgar Publishing, 2017. Florio, Massimo. Applied Welfare Economics: Cost-Benefit Analysis of Projects and Policies. Routledge, 2014. Goulder, Lawrence H., and Ian W. H. Parry. “Instrument Choice in Environmental Policy.” RFF. Web. Hahn, Robert, editor. Risks, Costs, and Lives Saved: Getting better Results from Regulation. Oxford University Press, 1996. Morgan, Granger. Theory and Practice in Policy Analysis: Including Applications in Science and Technology. Cambridge University Press, 2017. Weimer, David. Behavioral Economics for Cost-Benefit Analysis: Benefit Validity When Sovereign Consumers Seem to Make Mistakes. Cambridge University Press, 2017. Welch, Don. A Guide to Ethics and Public Policy: Finding Our Way. Routledge, 2014. Not sure if you can write a paper on Cost-Benefit Analysis, Its Strengths and Weaknesses by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More

Economics homework help

Economics homework help. The is a paper that focuses on the Global Manager development plan assessment. The paper also requires analysis of skills and competencies to use.,The Global Manager development plan assessment,The Global Manager Assessment, Undertake a self-audit on to identify skills and competencies and based on audit findings, prepare a ,development plan,., PLEASE ANALYSE SKILLS AND COMPETENCIES USING THESE 5., ATTENDANCE, GROUP WORK, CRITICAL THINKING, CULTURAL SHIFT, ETHICS, 1.0 Firstly, this section, self-audit, development plan and personal reflection is limited to 3000 words (+/- 10%). It is that there will be a significant theoretical contribution, for example, if the weakest competency from the peer assessment sheets is ethics, the portfolio shall be driven by the theoretical/literature underpinning about ethics. Mark weighting, 100%, 1.1 Secondly, formatting and presentation. Use Arial or times new roman, minimum size 11 and maximum size 12, full justified. Additionally, presentation must be formal in language and style and must adhere to the structure given above., 1.2. Thirdly, please provide in text citations.,PLEASE TARGET A GRADE BETWEEN 70-79% AND 80-100%,FOR 70-79% YOU MUST HAVE: A good attempt made to undertake a self-audit to identify skills and competencies and also based on audit findings; prepare a development plan suitable for the businesses operating in global business arena. Such efforts are by using analysis of understanding from discussions, presentations or debates with clear supporting evidence of its application. Evidence of literature is present throughout., FOR 80-100% YOU MUST HAVE: A superb attempt is to undertake a self-audit to identify skills and competencies and also based on audit findings; prepare a development plan suitable for the businesses operating in global business arena. Such efforts is by using analysis of understanding from discussions, presentations or debates with clear supporting evidence of its application. Lastly, there is not only clear integration of literature but also the cross-referencing is evident to support the building up of the development plan.,Attachments,Click Here To Download,Economics homework help