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Strategic Planning process used in Tesco

Strategic Planning is a process to ensure that your organization will give you good profit results and be able to maintain its output. It gives you a clear vision of your organization and tell where your organization will be within five or ten year or more fifteen year, it also help to answer your question ‘ how we will get or goal. It is a systematic planning process involving a number of steps that identify the current status of the organization, including its mission, vision for the future operating values, needs (strengths, weakness and, opportunities and threats), goals, prioritized actions and strategies and monitoring plans. Strategic Planning is the milestone of every organization. Without strategic planning, the organization can never now what is going on and where they are. All the member of that organization work together to ensure the team’s goal is met. An organization work with the team members, the board of director and professional management staff. All the members of the organization work like part of the as players. Tesco as a Leading Organization Tesco is the biggest supermarket in the United Kingdom. It was started in 1929 and they opened their first store in Edgware, North London. It is named by combination of its founders of Tesco, Sir Jack Cohen and a partner in a firm of tea suppliers who worked with him. His name was T.E.Stockwell. From that time it is reflected at company is growing in the challenge of retailing. After the second Word War, a big percentage of the grocery stores were served by the customer but there was not any self service store available that time. That time this store was on the way and, when it introduced in the market, it help (guide) stores to grow bigger to become superstore that we know toady. People like this new concept and in 1947 the initial shale of Tesco in the supermarket floated 25p. Soon Tesco became a familiar name on the supermarket of the United Kingdom and whilst it was give advantage of the commercial economies through bulk purchase of supplies, now it was giving a good competition to the resale’s in there price. This system allowed the suppliers to maintain their prices on a set value. Tesco started some new strategies to get the customer loyalty including some offers like stamps could be exchange for cash or goods. The Tesco strategy up to this time was encapsulated by the title of Cohen’s autobiography, ‘Pile it high and sell it cheap’, but the increasing demand of the consumer and the changing needs meant the Tesco altered its approach and they planned to expend out of the town stores with more attractive interiors. Refurbishment was also carried out in the existing stores. Tesco stared selling petrol in some of his store and give a good competition to its competitor it was about £1 billion turnover level in 1979. In 1980 the growth of new stores developed a good communication by using new technology. In 1985, Tesco announced its Healthy Eating options wit nutritional information and also introduce its own branded foods. This was the new concept to introduce there own product. Soon they started to overtake other supermarkets. The aim of Tesco is to satisfy customer need in a single store and building consumer loyalty. A range of new services and facilities were introduced, including Tesco Metro, a store concept aimed at the high streets customer but offering the benefits of a large supermarket. “During the 1970s, Tesco’s customer began to look at Tesco for quality and choice, but soon Tesco feel fail to satisfy customers need. In fact, in early 1980, Tesco looked like winding up. Consumers had negative image of Tesco in there mind, which almost exclusively on price was maintained poorly in the store and also assortment of poor quality items reinforced this general perception.” Tesco place is an UK-based international grocery and general merchandising retail chain. At the time is the largest British retailer by both global sales and domestic market share, it is the third grocery retailer in the world and also forth largest retailer behind Wal-Mart of the United State. In 2007, Tesco change their strategy now they controls just over 30% of the grocery market in the UK, approximate to the combined market share of its closest rivals, Asda and Sainsbury’s. The supermarket chain of Tesco was now around over £ 2.5 billion in profits. After specializing in food market, they diversified into areas such as discount clothes, consumer electronics, selling and renting DVDs, compact discs and music downloads, internet service consumer telecoms, this time they entered from food market to housing market, with a self-advertising website called Tesco Property Market. Latest News for Tesco performance This year Tesco got another recorded achievement profit up to 12.3 per cent of £3.8 bullion from its sale abroad. The said British like-for-like sales excluding VAT and fuel fell 0.7 per cent in the three months to February 26 -leaving overall sales flat over the financial year as it struggled to combat tough consumer spending conditions. But they got a better performance in Asia. Tesco also underperformed in clothing and electrical.’ Said a spokesman. The said they are doing better and we are taking action in key areas- for example, to drive a faster rate of product innovation and to improve the sharpness of our communication of customer. (Metro News – 20th April, 2011) Theory of strategic planning process We need to have an overall vision or overall goal. Without a goal its hard to do any work, we keep our goal” dimly envisaged”. We need to set a strategy that define the direction we must go to get closer to our goal. Then we decide on the next few steps to take us closer to that goal. Then we complete the first 100 day project. At the end of that project we evaluate how we are doing towards the goal. How does it feel and are we doing improvement? That gives us an opportunity to alter the next project slightly. (August 25, 2009,”The cloud theory of strategic planning”) Strategic planning is a systematic process of envisioning a desired future, and translating this vision into broadly defined goal or objective and a process to achieve them. In contrast of long term or planning lay down a path and help to meet estimated future needs. Strategic planning begins with the desired-end and works backward to the current status. (Morgen Witzel, Financial Times, 5th August, 2003, p11) Principal of strategic planning process Develop a vision statement:- A vision statement provide the clear view of the future of any organization, a vision statement describe what the organization intends to be with in 10 years. It is a picture of what the organization will look like as a result of success. It tells the leaders what they are working for give them report of progress and accomplishment as they work according to that vision. Develop a mission statement:- A mission statement is fewer than 20 words and provides a full statement of what the organization is all about. The mission statements describe who makes up the association and who it represents. Set Goals: – Every work depends on the Goal, which flow the mission statement. It defines what the organization need and what they want during the next five. Goal should be no more than five years. Each goal is very important for organization and should be complete on the right time and in right order. All the members of organization work according to reach at the goal on the right way. Set Objective: – Objectives are basically some short term target that make easy to get the goal of the organization and help to run the whole project. A smart objective allows you to understand exactly where your fits in the organization and what your responsibilities are. You understand better understanding of the value and contributions that you can bring to the organization. SMART should be clear and should be included these work qualities. Specific Measurable Achievable Realistic Timely Strategies of Tesco Tesco make a strategy to increase his business with four parts of strategy- a strong UK core business, non-profit, retailing services and international- by keeping their focus on trying to improve what we do for consumers: They try to make consumer shopping trips as easy as possible. Try to reduce there prices to help those people who can’t spend more. Offering a good facilities to every store either large or small stores. Providing them good saving offers and increase them to buy more. “In 1977 Tesco launched “Operation Checkout” which saw it abandon green Shield stamp in favour of cutting prices and centralized buying for all of this stores. This gives them a positive result of rise in market share of 4% in two months.” (Tesco final) Demographic Changes Tesco’s UK stores are now divided into five formats, differentiated by size and the range of products sold. TESCO EXTRA – Tesco extra was the largest supermarket, it is build out of town hypermarkets that stock all of Tesco’s product ranges, it introduced with some more feature like free car parks. The first extra opened in 1997. After that about hundred of stores opened in the 2004/05. And many more stores are opened by 20 a year. Tesco extra can also be on two floors, ground floor for mainly food and first floor for clothing and other electronic and groceries items. People like that concept and some of them claim that their town has the UK’s largest Tesco. Tesco Superstores – Tesco superstore are as a large standard supermarkets, stoking groceries plus a bit smaller range of non-food products and something extra. They super store are establish to make convince for the consumer, but this word does not appear on these shops , it follow the standard Tesco format are made in edge of the large medium size towns. Tesco Metro Stores – Tesco metro stores construed as normal size of Tesco stores, these metro stores are mostly located in the city centre and in the high streets or in the small town or in villages. 24 hours Tesco – 24 hours Tesco is most popular among all. It gives reputation to the Tesco brand. This type of the store are situated in the mid of the town that connect with a big part of population. These Tesco deal with the entire household product like electronic, furniture, kids, food and etc. Brand Image Strategy Tesco use a Brand image strategy. They start selling there product by using their own name with good quality and cheaper price. This is good strategy because now people know Tesco not for their cheaper product but now with their own product. Tesco is one the best retailers that provide a good and better quality of products. Now Tesco deal with several type of product category such as food, beverage, home appliances, clothing and financial services. Tesco aimed to familiars on low income customer. They minimised Tesco’s cost, these product are now on offer. This range has recently expended into small price home electrical items like kettles, toasters and floor heaters. Tesco start branded products at mid range with store price tag. Tesco aimed to high income consumers and started Tesco Finest. All the product in this Tesco was ‘superior’ ingredients and in some cases, Tesco claim they are designed by top quality of chefs. Now Tesco focus at the kids toys. They add different range of toys that soot all category of the customer. Tesco Bakery has fresh baked and delicious pastries and breads and muffin serve daily, including freshly backed cookies at very low prices. This is the new idea. Now everything was in a single store. A customer can get all his daily need cooked or uncooked products in one store Tesco start delivery at the customer home, this was a very attractive offer to but the large quantity without any problem and they have no problem to bring that product home with hard work. They give a title to their service “You shop we drop” Growth of Tesco due to their strategic planning and due to above factor (Turnover in Million) Year 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 Turnover (£m) 20,800 23,400 26,004 30,814 33,974 Number of stores 907 979 2,291 2,318 2,365 (Data Download from www.gurdain.co.uk) Globalization Strategy Tesco good performance helps it to enter in to the U.S. markets, Tesco plan to open 100 of new fresh and easy neighbourhood markets in California, Arizona and Nevada, Tesco set up shops in many cites of U.S to help the several companies. It was very challenging and costly process, even for those companies that are well settled in the other foreign markets. Failure Stores of Tesco Due to problem with supply chain, Tesco trucks was no worse than when supplies were delivering their own product or suing third-party lories, the Tesco service was not always a great deal better, conceded Richard Brasher. Then he added that “I want to assure suppliers that it is priority for me to tackle this. He said I want to have honest and open discussions with suppliers to improve the situation”. “Tesco says that they are biggest number of British agriculture’s buyers. Tesco size no doubt means that this is the case. But although fresh mean and dairy may be for the most part of British. Tesco also need to cheep supplier of all these product , that can be possible with the small farmers, who are already an rare species, now Tesco import half of its organic beef and pork from these farmers. Tesco state that they have increased prices paid to milk and cheese suppliers”. Club card for customer Tesco introduce a new system for the customer that is Club card, a loyalty card for customer. They distribute these cards to the customer and they can get some point in their every shopping trip. They can use these Club card point for buy some stuff or they can get cash for that points. They start promoting by some special offer in the store when they buy tings from their club cards. They give them information for popular product in the store and how they are going into the market. This time Tesco become a market leader with the market share of 17%. Importance of Strategic planning Strategic planning gives you a vision of your task. It tell you what u are going to do and how you will get all the requirements to reach at the goal in the given time. It is not sure you will reach at the same time but It give a answer of the question “is it possible to do that work”. If you fail to plan than you plan to fail. It give you protection for the future. You can get information at any step that your work is going to meet the goal. It also improve the performance of any individual, because they know that if I loose my work that will be problem for the next task, so everyone work like a team of the organization. And everyone knows his or her duties to reach at the task. It also provides the short term thinking before start any big project. If your plan for 3 month and you get good result it gives you better result for the next goal. It also helps to divide a big project in some small goals, it every problem solve in some short levels so it will be easy for workers and the supervisor. When the work together to reach at the goal they communicate with each other , which way is better to reach at the goal. Analysis of Tesco with S W O T S W O T analysis is necessary when we are going to make any plan to reach at the specific goal. It is very necessary for us to consider what we are going to do and what we need to do that. A project or goal can never be achieved without any plan. So S W O T analysis test all the internal and external factor of any organization. By using SWOT analysis we can find out the strength of the Tesco, why it is extending their business also in UK or in abroad. This analysis highlight all the factor in the organization For example Strength of Tesco Good Infrastructure Parking Space Good Customer Service Self Checkout service Club Card as a loyalty for customer Free Delivery to the good customer Online buying service with good offers (Download from WWW. Slide shop.com) Strength Strength means positive things of an organization. It strength help to compete with the competitors. Your strength might be any thing that attracts the customer. This strength give you good profit and help to stay in the market. For example Tesco has a good strength that makes him in the good position in the market. Strength of Tesco is :- Good Infrastructure A huge parking space Cheep price product Available in all over (village or cities) Easy to accusable Club card system Online Shopping available Self Check out machines Gives good offer Weakness Weakness is the apposite to strength. Any thing that your competitors have got but you are not able to use that thing that can be your weakness. And that effect negative on your business. So it is necessary for any organization to find out its weakness to run a smooth business. Examples of weakness. It might be technology If your competitor has good machines they can pull you back. Staff Infrastructure Opportunities S W O T analysis help you to find out the opportunities within the organization. It gives you clear vision of your organization at a particular state. So it is easy to make decision to achieve next goal. Expend your business Globalization Threats Threats mean what thing can make problem for you. It you what is threat for you. It might me your competition, your information system and any thing else. So you can remove your threats before problem come in front of you. Factor effect of organization strategic plan There are number of the external factor that effect to achieve the strategic goal and objective. There are so many thing that change everyday and that also effect on our strategic plan. For example technology change every day and people like to buy new thing, so if that effect on you goal than you might be in a big problem because your all efforts feel useless in front of others. Social and demographic factor may also effect our success in achieve our goal. Example of external factor Technology: – This world is running with the very fast technology system. Everyone like to try new invented product like ipod, iphone and etc. if your organization does not adopt all the new technology then you can’t compete your competitor. That factor effect your organization very strongly. Economy: – Strength of the customer does effect on your organization, before you start any work you need customer that buy your product and you get revenue for your work. If nobody is there to buy your product than it is hard to survive in the market. That can be a possible reason for the bankruptcy filings. So it is important factor that need to discuss when we think about the external factor. Government: – Changes in the government policies could have dramatic effect on your organization. The ability and willingness of state and local government to allow central rules can effects achievement of desired goal. Globalization: – Globalization is the process to expend your business outside of your countries boundaries it require the cooperation the overseas governments and involves treaty obligation. The political system of the other countries also effect on your business globalization. Unpredictable factor: – These type of factor are uncontrollable, it might be computer attack, a high profit court and etc. that factor effect our goal but these unpredictable factor are hard to stop. So we should think about this factor. Changes in the law may effect our responsibilities and workload. Stakeholder Stakeholder might be any individual or organization that affected by the business activates. They may have or a direct or indirect interest in the business. They affect the organization action, objective, goal, and pollicises. It might be any one like – customer, member of staff, member of upper management, suppliers, owners and unions. There are three main stakeholders Management and employees: – They main member of the stakeholder of any organization because they are strongly connect with that organization. They will be interested in there job, pay, security and status. Customer: – Customers are second stake holder for any organization because they are connected with the organization with daily base. They visit daily and because of them organization generate revenue. Government: – Government is also a stakeholder because it is connected with all the organization, it gives permission to organization to expend their business and get tax from them. It support the organization to get establish. And rules of the government also effect to the organization so organization should work according to the government rules and policies. Develop a strategy plan It is very necessary to develop a strategy plan. All the people work together to achieve a particular goal. So everyone is responsible for his duties so it is very necessary to make a plan so that everyone should work according to given task so that we can get our aim. We need to develop some management plan. Consider While Making Strategic Plan Strategy Management: – it is necessary to make a strategy management. it mean that some one should be responsible for the whole project. It is very necessary for any project that someone is responsible for the all the planning process. That person or group of the person keep his eye on all the part of the planning and its execution process. That give order to the workers and member of the staff and tell them what to do. Communication- Communication process is very necessary in the strategy plan, because it is very necessary to give all the update to every member of the team. It can be given by verbal or by sending email to them. Because a single wrong information or short information can be a reason for the delay to achieve the goal. Accountability – It mean so many member work under one project and it is very necessary to arrange them on a single place so that they can communicate with each other can help them to get the goal at given time. Frequency – it is mix of communication and accountability, they should make some meeting with all the member of the project, this meeting should be monthly base or quarterly base. Because it is easy to find out all the problem in small level and it will easy to achieve the goal on given time Overview Strategic planning is very important in any business organization. It is very hard to run any business without a decided plan. It gives us a vision and mission for our future. But it should be for not more than five years. Tesco strategic plan help to get them globalization and expend of its business in the U.S. Strategy plan need some special skill because a single mistake can delay in work about one week or one month. The best way to run a good project divides work in some small goals so that it helps in problem solving.
Ashworth College American Government Discussion.

responses should be substantive, and reflect analytical and critical thinking skills, as well as, a thorough understanding of your reading assignment. A typical response should consist of 100-150 words in a single-spaced format. Refer to the TDQ Rubric below for more guidance on how to respond.[01] Lesson 1 Threaded DiscussionGovernment presents us with the formal institutions through which we live our social, economic, religious, and other cultural lives and the political institutions that men and women use to see to our government. Our textbook describes politics, the process by which our government works, as follows: “Politics centers on actions among a number of people involving influence. How do people get others to do what they wish? How does our society or any group…distribute its valued things, such as wealth, prestige, and security? Who gets these values, and how?”Simply put, politics is the situation of power, which defines “the ability to influence another’s [sic] behavior.” This influence can be exerted passively, such as a debate, or through coercive efforts, like putting down a civil war. Fundamentally, the presence of influence, whether exerted by power or not, “involved relationships between people and groups.”So, government is the formal expression of influence .Government as institutions, whether national, state, or local, does two fundamental things. First, people in government determine who will benefit from society’s values, when and how they will benefit from them, and why? Benefits range from public assistance to the right to vote, from national health care insurance to assistance in times of natural disaster. Second, those who are elected, appointed, or hired in government also regulate the use of society’s legitimate force against members or enemies of that society, which is generally done for the benefit of others. Along with introducing you to government and politics, your readings this week introduce you to the Constitution, which as our textbook authors point out, provides us with “rules of the game” for conducting government and politics. It provides an historical background of the drafting of the original Constitution document and the debate over ratification of that document. It then discusses two fundamental characteristics of the government created by the Constitution: the separation of powers and checks and balances. So, with your readings and the above brief summary of what was written in your textbook for this week’s lesson, please respond to the following:Government is the expression of power; power is the creation of influence; and, influence affects the relationships between people and groups of a particular society. Now, think for a moment: What types of relationships can you think of, within our American society, and identify as being influenced by power within the institutions of government? How might the influence be exerted, with what guarantee of power (consequences), and by what institutions or agencies of government? Please identify and discuss at least three examples.Your response to this initial post should be at least two or three paragraphs in length (at least five sentences per paragraph) and include specific examples to support your opinions. Once you have responded to this post, I will read your response. At that time, I will either provide a follow-up post for your response or direct you to critique another students’ response. Please wait for me to do this before you continue.Your second response, or critique of another student, should be at least one to two paragraphs and do the following: state what you agree with as to what is written; state what you might not agree with; and, add something else to the discussion. It is expected that you will be on your best netiquette when you respond to either my of other student’s writing.419Unread for topic [01] Lesson 1 Threaded Discussion:(19)View profile card for Bill MauzeyBill Mauzey4 hours ago[04] Lesson 3 Threaded DiscussionThis week’s lesson deals with the topic of our liberties and rights within our United States polity and American society and economy. As we pursue our lives, there is a difference between liberties and rights. They are involved in us living according to a Social Contract, by which liberties are converted into rights. Let me explain.First, if we were to be living in nature, we would live by our human liberties. According to Thomas Jefferson, we are born with certain liberties, such as life, the total freedom to move around, and “the pursuit of happiness” as we might define it individually. Jefferson wrote, to paraphrase, these human liberties God gave him “at the same time I took my first breath.” Basically, in a state of nature, we have the liberty to do whatever we want.Second, as we move to create a society with others, we live by a set of civil liberties that are defined by people who are part of a particular society. This arrangement is done according to a Social Contract, which is a written or unwritten document that is negotiated among those people. In this process, we now live by our civil liberties, by which we give up certain of our human liberties, but retain certain liberties such as security from outsiders, order in our day-to-day lives, and a guarantee that my property is protected.Third, when people create a government, to act as the agent of their society, a Social Contract is negotiated between those who are to be governed and those they choose—in whatever way they shall determine— to be their governors. This being done, it is the responsibility of the government representatives, and their designated institutions (police, courts, regulators, etc.), to guarantee us certain civil rights to preserve our civil liberties and remaining human liberties. Thus, always remember, that liberties and rights are not the same, which has very important impact on our lives. For example, a government might take away certain civil liberties by passing civil rights laws, but they can never take away your human liberties as they were originally negotiated in the Constitution (think, capital punishment or freedom of movement).This all may sound simple and straight-forward enough, but at times it is not. For instance, who is to decide what human or civil liberties should be guaranteed by the laws or regulations meant as civil rights. Obviously, guaranteeing our safety from crime and natural disaster are to be included, but what about access to health care, protection from people with guns, marrying who we wish, or obtaining a formal education? Also, who is to determine what things are to be included as guaranteed civil rights?So, now that I have described the difference between our liberties and the rights that are given to us by the government established by the Constitution, please respond to the following:A Social Contract is the institutional foundation by which we move from a state of nature (our human liberties) to creating a society (civil liberties) and to creating a government (granting our civil rights). Now, please respond to the following: What do you believe are three civil liberties that should be considered civil rights as guaranteed by government? Why do you believe these liberties are important enough to be thus guaranteed? Please be specific as you identify and analyze your three civil liberties and provide examples to support your more general observations.Your response to this initial post should be at least two or three paragraphs in length (at least five sentences per paragraph) and include specific examples to support your opinions. Once you have responded to this post, I will read your response. At that time, I will either provide a follow-up post for your response or direct you to critique another students’ response. Please wait for me to do this before you continue.Your second response, or critique of another student, should be at least one to two paragraphs and do the following: state what you agree with as to what is written; state what you might not agree with; and, add something else to the discussion. It is expected that you will be on your best netiquette when you respond to either my of other student’s writing.418Unread for topic [04] Lesson 3 Threaded Discussion:(18)View profile card for Bill MauzeyBill Mauzey4 hours ago[07] Lesson 5 Threaded DiscussionAs noted last week, the third branch of our federal government is the Judiciary.The Constitution created a Judiciary Branch, or the United States Supreme Court.Then, the Judiciary Act of 1789, which then became the 11th Amendment to the Constitution, and subsequent laws of Congress created the federal court system for initial hearing of cases, through the appeals courts, and then to the Supreme Court. Having this federal court system is important because we say that our system of one of the “rule of law,” which means there is need to some institution to determine whether the laws passed by our Congress, and then signed by the President, are constitutional.This was not specified in the Constitution, but beginning shortly after this document was ratified and our federal government was installed, a process known as “judicial review” evolved, by which the judiciary—acting as an independent institution—determines whether laws passed by the legislature, and signed by the executive, are constitutional. Following our American Revolution, under the government that was created with the Articles of Confederation, there were very clear reasons why a national (federal) court system was needed.With this government, states were protesting boundaries, commerce between them, issues of transportation, and matters of incorporation.There was need for a “referee” of sorts, to decide between states, between an individual and his state, and between an individual and another state. It is important for us to remember that we, as American citizens, have the right to challenge the constitutionality of any law that is passed by Congress, state legislature, or local government.If we believe such a law infringes upon our constitutional civil liberties, as they are defined by the Constitution, we can “take the government to court.Now, please respond to the following: Can you think of an issue that is with us today in which you believe that your human or civil liberties, or those of other American citizens, are being infringed upon or might be threatened should Congress pass a particular law?So, think of recent news stories.What is a law that you believe infringes on the your or others’ liberties?Or, what law do you fear might be passed that you believe would do this?Finally, what might you do about a law that already exists or might be passed in the future that either infringes, or threatens, civil liberties or our remaining human liberties under the Constitution? Your response to this initial post should be at least two or three paragraphs in length (at least five sentences per paragraph) and include specific examples to support your opinions. Once you have responded to this post, I will read your response.At this time, I will either provide a follow-up post for your response or direct you to critique another students’ response. Your second response or critique of another student should be at least one to two paragraphs and do the following:state what you agree with; state what you might not agree with; and, add something else to the discussion.It is expected that you will be on your best netiquette when you respond to either my of other student’s responses.320Unread for topic [07] Lesson 5 Threaded Discussion:(20)View profile card for Bill MauzeyBill MauzeyMon at 10:23 AM[09] Lesson 6 Threaded DiscussionToday, there are various “stake holders,” people who have an interest, in our federal, state, and local governments. This was not obviously the case before our 1787 Founders met at their Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia. They thought of politics rather simplistically, seeing the need for only a legislature, executive, judiciary, and participation of the people to put the process of government in motion. But, unlike our 1776 Founders, they were not sure that men, either individually or collectively, would act for the benefit of society as a whole. To paraphrase James Madison, “if men were angels, there would be no need for government.” Even though the media (newspapers) were an important part of the American Revolution, they did not see the press as an integral part of politics, as we understand it today. Our founders also realized that farmers, merchants, artisans, lawyers, day laborers, and religious leaders played an important role in politics, but they were not perceived as what we today call “interest groups.” They did not even formalize political parties,which they referred to as “factions,” in the original document that was the Constitution, but had to add that part of the document with the 12th Amendment. However today, we understand our political system to be a much more integrated and complex process, as our society and polity have become so. It includes not only the formal institutions (Congress, President, and Judiciary) and the people, but also the media, which is now much more than merely newspapers, and the special interest groups, which represent the interests of various social, economic, political, religious, and cultural groups within the United States. Today, the media (print, sound, and image as shown on television or computer) is seen as a vital and active part of politics, at times referred to as the fourth branch of government, and we understand that special interest groups are a critical part of politics, for we Americans to inform our elected or appointed officials of what we want, particularly in drafting any proposed legislation and lobbying members of the executive.After reading your textbook for this week, and with the above information in mind, will you please respond to the following:What do you do for a living? What activities do you, your family members, and your friends and neighbors like to do? What aspects of your social, economic, religious, or other cultural life are important to you? In answering these questions, please tell me, what is an important vehicle of the media to you, and why it is important? Further, what is a special interest group you might support—or do support already—and why? These questions request a lot of information, but please provide specific examples as you respond to each one of them.Your response to this initial post should be at least two or three paragraphs in length (at least five sentences per paragraph) and include specific examples to support your opinions. Once you have responded to this post, I will read your response. At that time, I will either provide a follow-up post for your response or direct you to critique another students’ response. Please wait for me to do this before you continue.Your second response, or critique of another student, should be at least one to two paragraphs and do the following: state what you agree with as to what is written; state what you might not agree with; and, add something else to the discussion. It is expected that you will be on your best netiquette when you respond to either my of other student’s writing.419Unread for topic [09] Lesson 6 Threaded Discussion:(19)View profile card for Bill MauzeyBill Mauzeyyesterday at 11:19 AM
Ashworth College American Government Discussion

It is an open-book, open-note exercise in writing an essay. That essay should make an argument that tries to

It is an open-book, open-note exercise in writing an essay. That essay should make an argument that tries to. It is an open-book, open-note exercise in writing an essay. That essay should make an argument that tries to answer these questions: How did media change through the Ancient, Medieval, and Early Modern eras of history, from the earliest human media to the age of print in the 1700s? How were media tied to social power? How does institutional analysis of media work? Which institutions and which media were most important at different times and places in history? How does institutional analysis help us understand media change? Use examples from the lectures, our textbooks, and the online primary sources to illustrate your argument. Cite specific page references or quotations from the sources to show exactly where these examples came from. It is an open-book, open-note exercise in writing an essay. That essay should make an argument that tries to

Senior Leadership factors driven by turnover and cost

online dissertation writing Senior Leadership factors driven by turnover and cost. Paper details Executive Briefing #4 – Prepare a 3-5 page briefing to senior leadership which discuss the factors which drive turnover and the cost of turnover to the organization. Your briefing should include a strategy and plan to improve retention/reduce turnover, discuss the related reward issues impacting retention and recommendations related to reward issues. You should also Include the key metrics you would use to measure turnover, retention and its cost.Senior Leadership factors driven by turnover and cost

California State University Northridge History Life of Frederick Douglass Essay

California State University Northridge History Life of Frederick Douglass Essay.

You will
write a four-page assignment based on your reading of The Narrative of
the Life of Frederick Douglass in response to the following prompt:Referring
to The Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass as your
only source analyze how three separate events in the life of Douglass motivated
him to risk his life by escaping to freedom to the North. Then offer
sophisticated explanations of three separate episodes that demonstrate how
slavery corrupted whites. You need to offer detailed and comprehensive
descriptions of each event to demonstrate your mastery of the reading and
provide in depth analysis of how the events you describe corrupted whites or caused
Frederick to seek freedom. Do not generalize. Describe specific events with
specific details.You will
write the assignment using the following format directions: 1-A separate
cover page with your name, date the assignment is due November 20, 2020, title
of the essay (Frederick Douglass assignment), History 270, Fall
2020 and also copy and paste the prompt onto the cover page. 2-You will
use a 12-point font, 1” inch margins, double-spaced, and no extra spaces
between paragraphs. Format your word processor program appropriately. 3-The
assignment will end somewhere on page four. The cover page does not count
towards the length requirement. 4-You cannot
copy sentences directly out of the book or use quotations5-You cannot
reference the book directly. Do not say “in chapter 8….” or “as stated in the
book….” and do not refer to Frederick as the author, i.e. Frederick wrote on
page eight that he ran away. You may refer to Frederick by name as the
protagonist, i.e. Frederick ran away.6-Do not use
a personal voice in the essay, for example do not say “I believe” or “I think.”7-Use spell
and grammar check to catch any careless errors. 8-Do not use
contractions in your essay. For example, spell out don’t as do not.9- Do not
turn in your first draft. Never turn in anything less than a second draft of
your paper that contains corrections you found after proofreading the first or
subsequent drafts. 10-You cannot
email the paper. You must submit it through Canvas.11-Organize
your paper into paragraphs with each paragraph focused on one event.12-Failure to
follow these format and submission instructions will result in a grade
reduction.Outline: You will not have an introduction or conclusion You
MUST follow this exact outline without deviation.Paragraph
#1 Describe an analyze the first event that motivated Frederick to
run away.Paragraph
#2 Describe an analyze the second event that motivated Frederick to
run away.Paragraph
#3 Describe an analyze the third event that motivated Frederick to
run away.Paragraph
#4 Describe an analyze the first event that demonstrates how
slavery corrupted white people.Paragraph
#5 Describe an analyze the second event that demonstrates how
slavery corrupted white people.Paragraph
#6 Describe an analyze the third event that demonstrates how
slavery corrupted white people.
California State University Northridge History Life of Frederick Douglass Essay

Assignment 3: Long-Term Investment Decisions

Assignment 3: Long-Term Investment Decisions.

Assignment 3: Long-Term Investment DecisionsDue Week 9 and worth 300 pointsAssume that the low-calorie frozen, microwavable food company from Assignments 1 and 2 wants to expand, and has to make some long-term capital budgeting decisions. The company is currently facing increases in the costs of major ingredients.Use the Internet and Strayer databases to research government policies and regulation.Write a six to eight (6-8) page paper in which you:Outline a plan that managers in the low-calorie, frozen microwaveable food company could follow in anticipation of raising prices when selecting pricing strategies for making their products’ response to a change in price less elastic. Provide a rationale for your response.Examine the major effects that government policies have on production and employment. Predict the potential effects that government policies could have on your company.Determine whether or not government regulation to ensure fairness in the low-calorie, frozen microwavable food industry is needed. Cite the major reasons for government involvement in a market economy. Provide two (2) examples of government involvement in a similar market economy to support your response.Examine the major complexities that would arise under expansion via capital projects. Propose key actions that the company could take in order to prevent or address these complexities.Suggest the substantive manner in which the company could create a convergence between the interests of stockholders and managers. Indicate the most likely impact to profitability of such a convergence. Provide two (2) examples of instances that support your response.Use at least five (5) quality academic resources in this assignment. Note: Wikipedia does not qualify as an academic resource.Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:Propose how differences in demand and elasticity lead managers to develop various pricing strategies.Analyze the economic impact of contracting, governance and organizational form within organizations.Use technology and information resources to research issues in managerial economics and globalization.Write clearly and concisely about managerial economics and globalization using proper writing mechanics.Click here to view the grading rubric.By submitting this paper, you agree: (1) that you are submitting your paper to be used and stored as part of the SafeAssign™ services in accordance with the Blackboard Privacy Policy; (2) that your institution may use your paper in accordance with your institution’s policies; and (3) that your use of SafeAssign will be without recourse against Blackboard Inc. and its affiliates.
Assignment 3: Long-Term Investment Decisions