In two to three double-spaced pages (not including title and references pages), choose three stages of language development as discussed in Chapter 9 of your text; in your own words,
Describe each stage, and expand on concepts highlighted in each stage.
Argue the implications of this information for parents and teachers.
Plan a specific learning activity to be implemented in a childcare or early learning setting which supports each of the three stages discussed.
Stages of Language Development
Your submission must include the following information in the following format:Journal Article AnalysisJournalCultural influences to NegotiationDEFINITION: a brief definition of the key term followed by the APA reference for the term; this does not count in the word requirement.SUMMARY: Summarize the article in your own words- this should be in the 150-200 word range. Be sure to note the article’s author, note their credentials and why we should put any weight behind his/her opinions, research or findings regarding the key term.ANALYSIS: Using 300-350 words, write a brief analysis, in your own words of how the article relates to the selected chapter Key Term. An analysis is not rehashing what was already stated in the article, but the opportunity for you to add value by sharing your experiences, thoughts and opinions. This is the most important part of the assignment.REFERENCES: All references must be listed at the bottom of the submission–in APA format. Be sure to use the headers in your submission to ensure that all aspects of the assignment are completed as required.Any form of plagiarism, including cutting and pasting, will result in zero points for the entire assignment.
Mediation Arbitration Argument Resolution Process Article Summary
Possible Causes Of And Solutions For Low Achievement Education Essay
Fortunately, I worked for different kind of schools and used to teach in different educational stages in Egypt. But I noticed that the common problem was that there are always a considerable number of lower achievers in every stage. I used to be worried about this fact .Especially, I teach English as a second language. Sometimes, I thought I did my best in teaching the subject and I hoped all the students to be high achievers and I thought that I wish I could apply the policy of ”No child left behind .” as much as I can. Therefore ,I have reviewed some literatures, educational researches and thesis (English as well as Arabic resources and I had to translate the later as possible as I could but not as a specialist) to investigate and know more about the possible causes of students low achievements and some practical solutions for this problem. Introduction Low achievement is considered as a multidimensional problem because there are so many factors contribute to the reduction of the educational lower attainment which may be psychological, educational, social or medical reasons. However, for educational purpose, we can say that the low of educational achievement is the lack of grades which a student gets in tests in all subjects. There are two apparent types of low achievement ”general low achievement” which is related to the student level of intelligence and the second type is “partial/special low achievement ” which is related to the lack of capacity, i.e., in a subject like reading as it is called “literacy “or the students lack of counting capacity “numeracy ” as another example. Let’s first examine some of the reasons for low achievement: Medical researches indicate that “difficult labour” may cause damage or partial harm in the child brain cells which may reduce his mental capacity. Also, studies indicate that the process of the mental capacities would be different to the girl is higher than the boy in the first ten years. Added to this, differences in “the age of the children,” when they enter kindergarten or school play an important role in determining the level of intelligence and mental abilities of the child. We must not ignore the role of simple “mental retardation”, where the number of children who suffer from this problem in primary school is about 5%. Also there are many reasons of the delay of “physical growth” of the child, like malnutrition or Anaemia, which in turn leads to the delay of mental growth of the child. Moreover, diseases and disorders of the nervous system is of great importance to the emergence of the difficulties in school students for example, “brain damage” because of the high body temperature or bacterial infections, and also “simple epilepsy”, which lead to the loss of awareness confuses the concentration of the student on the school subject. Also, the optical problems are considered a major reason for low achievement. “Colours blindness” in which the student sees the pictures jump or he is unable to keep the place of the word. Because of “audio inflammations” make the Child to move his head repeatedly, which lead to a sense of pain and confusion to follow-up the lesson. Nevertheless physical hormones disorders may lead to disorder behaviour of children, sadness and depression, diabetes, in which he frequently urinates and drink more water. These physical hormones disorders may lead to early or late growth which followed by many behaviour problems. Psychological reasons: like the shy child who cannot participate in school activities because of the lack of maturity in his emotional aspects which in turn makes him unable to depend upon himself or be responsible for his actions that makes him hates the learning process. Also, sometimes we see the child when he is worried makes a lot of movements or suck his nails and fingers. There are many other psychological and behavioural disorders that make the child a low achiever such as unconscious urinating unstable sleep, nightmares, sexual harassment, behavioural problems with other classmates and sometimes fear from the teacher. Social reasons like continuous family disputes between parents, bad education, divorce and the lack of the interest in the academic achievement for the child, living far from parents, the big number of the family and the bad economic conditions, and the high aspiration, of the parents for their child, which is not suitable for his abilities and attitudes. The impact of schools and textbook adoption There is a study found that schools do make a difference to outcomes. While students’ social and economic circumstances are the most important factors explaining their educational results, about 14 per cent of the incidence of low achievement is attributable to school quality. As well as, textbooks produced or approved by a governing body, such as a Ministry of Education, may allege to adhere to curriculum guidelines, but in reality not fulfil the objectives they set themselves. As Fullan (1991, p.70) states. It is time to look for some hints and solutions: Education is a process of living through a continuous reconstruction of experience. It is the development of all those capacities in the individual, which will enable him to control his environment and fulfil his possibilities/needs. The learner is an active participant in teaching learning process. Much of the activities of the educational institutions are built around the student. Each student has a unique personality and unique needs, beliefs and attitudes. Each enters the class with different background knowledge and different experiences (prior knowledge) . Motivation is one of the most vital determinants of learning. According to Frieze (1981) people’s beliefs about the causes of their success and failure influence their motivation for learning . In fact Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is one of the motivation theories, which throws light on student’s motivation. It provides guidance for teachers about how can they motivate a student for learning .students must first feel loved and have a sense of belongingness as well as adequate self esteem needs before satisfying intellectual needs . Schools are most effective when they help students feel socially accepted and valued and they build student’s sense of self esteem. Teachers typically believe that low achieving students exert little effort and lack motivation. They rarely explain low achievement in terms of teacher’s behaviour or classroom environment. Graham (1991) found that students attribute their failure to their lack of ability when teachers express pity or hollow praise (‘I don’t believe you are to do this task.”).Also students made attributions to lack of ability when teachers gave them help even though they didn’t ask for any. Students who have learned from experience that effort does not affect outcomes develop learned helplessness, they stop trying . Integrative Motivation Motivation has been identified as the learner’s orientation with regard to the goal of learning a second language (Crookes and Schmidt 1991). It is thought that students who are most successful when learning a target language are those who like the people that speak the language, admire the culture and have a desire to become familiar with or even integrate into the society in which the language is used (Falk 1978). This form of motivation is known as integrative motivation. When someone becomes a resident in a new community that uses the target language in its social interactions, integrative motivation is a key component in assisting the learner to develop some level of proficiency in the language. It becomes a necessity, in order to operate socially in the community and become one of its members. It is also theorised that “integrative motivation typically underlies successful acquisition of a wide range of registers and a nativelike pronunciation” (Finegan 1999:568). Instrumental Motivation With instrumental motivation the purpose of language acquisition is more utilitarian, such as meeting the requirements for school or university graduation, applying for a job, requesting higher pay based on language ability, reading technical material, translation work or achieving higher social status. Instrumental motivation is often characteristic of second language acquisition, where little or no social integration of the learner into a community using the target language takes place, or in some instances is even desired. Care from parents is a basic need of a child. This is necessary to help a child to gain the feeling of stability and harmony. Sometimes, parents neglect their children in some ways. This results bad effects on a child’s personality. Surfleet (2003, p.39) argued that “It is very important to the child’s whole development that his family relationship should be well adjusted. Lest of any parent can develop any aggressive behaviour, resistance to authority, bad temper in feelings of inferiority, Jealously or hate in less clearly defined ways.” Some Practical recommendations It is because al-Ghaza¯li ( A muslim Arabic scholar who had contributed to education and science in the past ) views education as a technique or skill that he places great emphasis on teaching methods and on the teacher-student relationship. Some of his recommendations have a remarkably modern flavour. He emphasises differentiation, neither holding back able and well-motivated children for the sake of their classmates, nor trying to place demands on children that exceed their capacities. He also suggests differentiated education for boys and girls. He believes That pupils should not move on to the next stage of their studies until they have demonstrated mastery in the earlier stage. Teaching for younger children should not be abstract but should be linked to concrete situations .He believes that students who achieve highly merit public praise and recognition. If a pupil makes a mistake, it is best to ignore it the first time and to deal with it in private if it is repeated. Punishment may sometimes be appropriate but only for the sake of helping the pupil (al-Ghaza¯li, 1898,Vol. 1, pp. 62-63). Pupils need time to relax through games and other activities to relieve the tensions and constraints of study (al Ghaza¯li, 1898, Vol. 1, p. 63). Instruction should be a gradual but active process, involving stimulation and motivation, as well as practice and repetition, and the aim should be that pupils do not simply memorise information but put that information to use in their lives (al-Ghaza¯li,1898, Vol. 1, p. 12). The teacher is a model for his pupils, not only in academic learning but also in personality and moral judgement, and the pupil owes him the same respect, trust and obedience as he shows to his father (al-Ghaza¯li, 1898, Vol. 1, p. 34). Teachers should therefore practise what they preach and show kindness and compassion to children, educating them with an open, smiling face. Al-Ghaza¯li even recommends a kind of code of ethics for teachers (al-Ghaza¯li, 1951, p. 134). Ibn Khaldun (a famous Arabic thinker and scientist who wrote about societies and education and one of his well known books ”almukademah”) supplements some general principles with a number of practical recommendations. He recommends to teachers that they present their students with consistent teaching material suited to their capacities, keeping to the works selected for the course and seeing to it that they are completely assimilated before passing on to others; not teaching two subjects at the same time, not stretching out the study of a subject over too long a period, in order not to break the interdependence between its different facets. Influences outside school ”Pre-school education, parenting help, income support, and everything which improves the home learning environment have major parts to play in reducing later low achievement. All these measures are essential components of what needs doing. It is by no means up to primary and secondary schools alone.” Tackling low educational achievement, by Robert Cassen and Geeta Kingdon, is published by the Joseph Rowntree Foundation.
The Death Of A Salesman English Literature Essay
best essay writers The play, “Death of a businessman” was written by Arthur Miller in 1949. According to reasonable amount of evidence from the play, it is a parody of the American dream. The pursuit of this essay is to determine the extent of truth in this allegation. In order to comprehend the topic fully, it is important to have a glimpse of the meaning of the American dream. The dream is all about having a fulfilling life where one possess a decent job, house, car, good social connection and respect. The American dream concept is said to have been born in the in the nineteenth century. During that time, there was massive immigration to America by millions of people looking for fulfilling lives. All it counts for one to be within the limits of the American dream is possession of important things in life such as well paying job, home and a satisfying social life. The first time the phrase “American dream” came into existence was in 1867 after author Horatio Alger’s book, “Dick”. The book gave a story of a poor boy that moved from rags-to-riches. The boy was so determined. He worked hard, saved his money and eventually became rich. Therefore, the story was a great inspiration that determination, honesty and hard work were avenues to the realization of American dream. There are various connections in the play, “Death of a salesman” with the American dream. During the West movement, the American dream concept was developed. The conditions of living as at that time played a crucial role in the birth of the concept. There was extreme social stratification in Europe which caused many settlers to leave. The monarchy imposed extreme suppression on the middle class people. At that time, a life of a person in Europe was determined by the social class he/she occupied and how financially able his/her parents were. It was impossible to overcome the social barriers between different classes. The settlers sought to look for a better future and eventually found it in American habits. In the play, the author does not mention the products that the Willy Loman sells. Perhaps this can be seen as an opportunity to give diversified interpretations from the viewers. Similarly, it can be seen as a representation of all people. The interpretation given by each viewer should suit their life. Willy Loman is presented as a very optimistic salesman who is driven by false hopes of becoming rich one day. The criticism can be justified from the author’s socialist inclinations. Nevertheless, there are varied interpretations about the harsh criticism of the American dream presented by the author. The interpretation is highly dependent on the beliefs of the character analyzing the story. Willy Loman is the protagonist in the play, “Death of a salesman”. As the author presents it, the protagonist has the desire to attain the American dream. However, it is ridiculous that he wants to achieve the dream through charisma. The greatest belief that Willy Loman possesses about his attainment of the American dream is personality and not innovation and hard work. The pursuit of the protagonist is to ensure that there is immense liking of his boys by the people. Willy hopes that if his boys are liked by other people and popular, they will definitely attain the American dream. For instance, when Biff confesses to making fun of the teacher’s lisp, the father is extremely concerned with the manner in which the classmates reacted to the joke. “BIFF: I crossed my eyes and talked with a lithp. WILLY: (Laughing.) You did? The kids like it? BIFF: They nearly died laughing! Of course” (28). The version of Willy’s American dream seems distorted and is a total criticism of the true American dream. In spite of the popularity that Biff possesses in school, he grows to be a ranch-hand. Eventually, the Willy’s career fails due to his poor techniques in sales. However, Willy maintains his personality that he must live the American dream. It is his misplaced personality that totally eliminates him. When he approaches his boss in demand for a promotion on the basis of his personality, the boss sacks him. From the play, there are several instances that represent the American dream in its true nature. For instance, the protagonist brings to the fore some of the characters that lived to achieve the true American dream. An example of such a character is Willy’s brother Ben. Through the achievement that Ben acquired, Willy is jealousy about it. Willy expresses the humble beginning that Ben had before he later became rich. The journey for Ben towards being rich was not a simple one. Willy says that Ben set out for the jungle with clothes on his back. By the time Ben was twenty-one, he had already become immensely wealthy. At that young age, Ben was a proud owner of many mines for diamond. “That man was a genius, that man was success incarnate!” (32). Willy also tells of a story of a man who lived the American dream- his father. As Willy gives the account of Ben’s success, he remembers his father’s experiences. The father is said to have been a great inventor who set out to provide a fulfilling life to his family. He traveled with his family towards the west into America. Due to the success he attained through selling the inventions he made, he became rich. The author presents the characters in different ways according to their view of the American dream. The protagonist’s perception is painted in a ridiculous manner. The pursuit of the American dream is demonstrated through his charisma and lack of commitment in his work. The author paints Willy as a character who lacks innovation. He is a mere fanatic and does not live in reality. Willy believes in attainment of great success through simple ways, effortlessly. It is through this lopsided thinking pattern that Willy ignores the importance of hard work in the attainment of his American dream. Willy’s brother, Ben represents a true path towards the American dream. When Ben sets out into the jungle, he is only seventeen years. However, he comes out at twenty-one a rich man. The author demonstrates a clear picture of the American dream through Ben’s encounter. The poor young boy moves from rags-to-riches. However, the process is not very comfortable; it involves immense risk and self denial. Ben denies himself the comfort and safety enjoyed by his brother Willy. He leaves for the jungle oblivious of the dangers facing him. His determination is just one- to get rich in spite of the challenges. The author shows that the American dream can only be achieved through persistence and possession of immense aggressiveness in business. In a modern world of great competition and extinction of competitors, the fittest of all people will rule. Willy’s lack of practicality wastes his American dream. He dies with his dream. His son realizes the mistake and vows not to be a prey to Willy’s confused dream. Biff decides to escape his father’s dream and pursue his own, “BIFF: There’s nothing more inspiring or – beautiful than the sight of a mare and a new colt. And it’s cool there now, see? Texas is cool now, and it’s spring. And whenever spring comes to where I am, I suddenly get the feeling, my God, I’m not getting’ anywhere! What the hell am I doing, playing around with horses, twenty-eight dollars a week! I’m thirty-four years old. I oughta be makin’ my future. That’s when I come running home.” (85). From the foregoing, the author creates a picture of different characters and their perception of the American dream. The protagonist’s perspective is a complete satire of the American dream. Realization of personal success and achievement is a representation of the capitalistic tendencies of the American dream. The author demonstrates the agony and suffering that individuals have to put up with in their pursuit of the American dream. The negative aspects of the American dream are represented in the individual struggle and the eventual selfishness they depict after they achieve their goals. For instance, when Ben struggles to excel, he suffers profound pain. However, when he becomes rich, he gets tough and ruthless towards his nephew Biff.
Global Marketing Plan Of Selco Solar Energy
More planning shall give greater possibility of victory, while less planning, lesser possibility of victory, so how about without planning?” (Tzu, 2010) People who are getting ready to fight a battle or go into war do not do so without being prepared. There is strategic planning before the soldiers even enter into the field of combat. The same goes with marketing. Marketing takes planning and evaluating so that when the time comes, the plan can be implemented with great success. The plan must be organized and well thought out so that it can be “forecasted into the future with some measure of accuracy,” (Tzu, 2010). Executive Summary The SELCO Solar Energy is an innovative concept that has been introduced in the Indian market because of the rising fuel price in the country. The idea behind its conception is to provide a sustainable energy that is eco-friendly and a small energy that would be suitable for India. The company introduced its plan not only to target the Indian market but also cater to the growing demand for such energies in the international market. In order to understand the competitiveness of the company and its position, a series of analysis is energyied out like Porter’s Five Forces and SWOT as well as the Value Chain under the McKinsey Business System. Following this analysis, it can be seen that REEA is well placed to perform in a good way in the EE market. Even though there are various challenges that the company could face, it can be overcome by adopting certain strategies. The company’s key strength is that it provides high technology energy, in fact way ahead of others in terms of technology; the added point is that this high tech energy is made possible at a lower cost. The cost compared to other manufacturers in the same industry is three to four times lower. The pull down factor for the company is that it does not offer a wide range of options. It should be noted that in the future, the range of energies offered should be broadened so as that it satisfies various kinds of customers. Despite all this, SELCO energy is making headway into many countries and in the future it would turn out to be one of the major players in the eco-friendly energy industry. Introduction In this assignment, the company taken into study is Solar Electric Light Company (SELCO) which is offering its services in India. The company would be analyzed on its competitiveness by doing an industry analysis based on Porter’s Five Forces; a situation analysis is done using SWOT and is followed up with McKinsey Business System to analyze the value chain in SELCO. Based on this analysis, it can be understood whether the company is competitively placed to face other companies in the industry. The company strategy undertaken and also the ones to be taken are described so as to understand its future prospects of performance. The challenges to be faced ahead are listed down with recommendations to be considered in order to improve its standing. Company Profile SELCO is the first sustainable electric company to operate in India. It is the result of a joint venture between Maini Group and Amerigon Electric Technologies (AEET Inc.) of USA. The Maini Group holds 70% equity while the rest is with AEET. SELCO was formed in 1995 by an entrepreneur named Harish Hande who got the inspiration to start this company while studying energy engineering at the University of Massachusetts at Lowell. Harish Hande has an undergraduate degree in Energy Engineering from Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur. The reason for the SELCO project is to be able to provide reliable, cost effective, and environmentally sustainable energy services to homes and businesses, especially in the rural areas. This plan was introduced in the Indian market in 2001 to symbolize a new beginning after four years of research and design. With depletion of all kinds of reserves and a world characterized by smog, noise, and all kinds of pollutants, the governments are awakening to the several benefits of sustainable energy technology. Sustainable energy has vast potential in India and around the globe. Governments around the world are already advocating the use of eco-friendly energies as steps to control pollution in the environment. Analysis of SELCO In order to examine the competitive market that SELCO is engaged in, it is vital to do an industry analysis based on Porter’s Five Forces. Then a situation analysis should be done by assessing the internal capabilities and external possibilities using SWOT Analysis. This is followed up by doing a Value Chain Analysis which is a method used to identify potential sources of economic advantage by suggesting how the firm’s internal core competencies can be integrated with its external competitive environment to direct optimal resource allocation. The McKinsey Business System is used to analyze the value chain in SELCO. Porter’s Five Forces Analysis Michael Porter provided this famous industry analysis that states that an industry is influenced by five forces. It is very important for SELCO to develop a strategic edge over competitors by better understanding the industry context in which the company operates. The purpose of the Five Forces model is to analyze major economic and technological forces that will ultimately influence an industry’s profit potential. Identifying the profit potential otherwise known as attractiveness of an industry provides the foundation for bridging the strategic gap between the firm’s external environment and its resources. (Fleisher
Strayer University Roles that Nurses Performed Discussion
Strayer University Roles that Nurses Performed Discussion.
#1. In the discussion preparation, you were asked to analyze the major
professional roles played by physicians and nurses as they apply to
physicians’ conduct in the medical arena and to nurses in the role of
adjuncts to physicians. You were also asked to evaluate the degree and
quality of care that physicians, nurses, and medical technologists
provide in their primary roles, including, but not limited to, patient
safety and satisfaction as required in 21st-century U.S. hospitals.
Provide your evaluation and analysis in the discussion. #2.With electronic medical records now available, we have tremendous
access to large amounts of health care data. Hypothesize two ways
today’s health care informatics can improve health care decision-making
and the quality of health care delivery. When and where have we been
able to improve health care decision-making and care quality? Justify
your response by finding a scholarly (peer-reviewed) article from the
library that supports your hypothesis and provide examples.
Strayer University Roles that Nurses Performed Discussion
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