Did you ever wonder how grandma made that amazing holiday treat fudge? II. Today I am going to tell you where the holiday treat, fudge, came from, what you need to make traditional chocolate fudge, and how to make fudge. BODY I. The wonderful holiday treat all began right here in your home country, The United States. A.
While many of our favorite sweets have ancient origins that date back thousands of years- fudge is a relatively recent invention. B. It was around 1886 fudge was first heard of. C. Emelyn Battersby Hartridge was a student at Vassar College in Poughkeepsie, New York. D. Historians show that Emelyn wrote in a letter that a schoolmate’s cousin made fudge in Baltimore in 1886 and sold it for 40 cents a pound. 1. Emelyn then obtained the recipe, made 30 pounds of it and sold it at the Vassar Senior Auction. 2. The word of fudge spread all around the women colleges.
It was later that Smith and Wellesley College each developed their own recipes for fudge. E. What exactly is fudge? 1. Fudge is actually a crystalline candy, unlike lollipops, caramels, and taffy, crystal formation is the key to making great fudge. 2. Tiny microcrystal’s of sugar is what gives fudge its firm smooth texture. 3. The secret to successful fudge is getting the crystals to form at the right time. 4. It is not the heating of fudge but the cooling of fudge that is important. a. Ultimately you want crystals to form but not during the heating. b. Letting the fudge cool undisturbed will let to crystals form at the right time. Transition: Now that you know where fudge came from and what exactly is fudge let me tell you about what exactly you need to make chocolate fudge. ) II. Not Many things are needed to make Chocolate fudge and it can be quick and easy. A. First you are going to need to take a trip to the local grocery store. 1. You need: 1 jar of marshmallow creme, Bag of sugar, can of evaporate milk, and a bag of 12 oz. of milk chocolate. 2. Also you need: 2 sticks of butter and a bottle of vanilla extract. 3. Make sure you have a 8? 8 inch aluminum pan. 4. Another important thing that would come in handy is a can of non-stick spray.
B. After visiting to grocery store you need to get all your ingredients out and ready to go. 1. A couple of kitchen tools are needed: first a candy thermometer. 2. If you do not own a candy thermometer local grocery stores have them located in the kitchen aisle. 3. Other tools needed include: a large saucepan and a wooden spoon. (Transition: Now that you know exactly what you need to make chocolate fudge lets go through the steps of actually making fudge. ) III. Making Chocolate fudge can be very tricky but if you follow directions you should have no problems. A.
Take out all necessary ingredients and tools needed to make fudge. B. Take your 8? 8 and spray the pan with PAM to make sure your fudge does not stick to the sides or bottom of the pan. C. Now you can begin mixing things together. First turn on the stove to the high setting and begin adding 3 cups of sugar, then 1 ? sticks of butter, and 5 oz. of evaporated milk to the large saucepan. D. Mix together the sugar, evaporated milk, and butter. Do not let sit while the pan is heating up because when the mixture becomes hot it will start to burn and turn brown.
E. Get out the candy thermometer. Let the sugar mixture go to a rolling boil, while the thermometer reaches a 234 ? F. 1. Never put the thermometer directly in the sugar mixture! 2. First put the thermometer in a separate container that is brought to a boil and registers 212 ? F then move it to the saucepan with the sugar mixture and wait for the desired temperature. F. After it reaches the correct degrees, remove the saucepan from the heat. G. Add the 12 oz. of milk chocolate and the marshmallow creme to the mixture. H. Continue to stir until everything is completely melted.
This assignment will ask you to reflect on the role of leadership in promoting inclusive workplaces. Your task is to identify which inclusive leadership approaches appeal to YOU, based on what you’ve learned about it so far.
Using course materials on leadership theory, you can reflect on any aspect of leadership that you think you could adopt to promote inclusivity in a diverse workplace.
Review the reflective practice theory in Lesson for possible approaches to your Reflection.
Regardless of the format you choose, use key concepts and terminology from the course, and make sure you define inclusive leadership!
Answer this—why does that leadership approach appeal to you, and what challenges would it pose for you?
Grading Criteria—see Rubric below.
Ways you can do this assignment:
You can do a visual reflection, like creating a collage of images that represent the aspects of inclusive leadership that you think are important—just make sure to include written explanations for the images that connect them to concepts from the course.
You can use a news article or video as a case study and do a brief critique of the leadership elements (make sure to include the news story or video link and connect it to course theory)
You can create a video or a short animation.
You can record an audio reflection on this topic and upload the audio file into the dropbox (no more than 5 minutes long)
You can create an infographic that illustrates all the important points you want to make about inclusive leadership
You can come up with your own way of doing this assignment—just approve it with your instructor before you proceed.
While this reflection assignment does not require research beyond course materials, you may choose to reference content from outside sources. This will require citations. If you choose to do one of the visual/graphical format options where it is difficult to cite the sources you used within the work, please list them on a separate page. If you create an audio file, please list any sources you reference on a document and upload them into Dropbox with your audio file.
0 — 3
4 — 6
7 — 8
9 — 10
Language and Format
-Does not use required assignment format and length requirements
-Content is incoherent:
-Uses required assignment format but under or over length requirements
-Language content is appropriate
-All formatting and length requirements are met
-Content is clearly free of lengthy gaps
– All formatting and length requirements are met
-Content is appropriate, well-organized with a coherent message
– Does not define inclusive leadership
-Little or no use of course materials on leadership theory
-Uses little or no key concepts or terminology
– Definition of inclusive leadership is unclear
– Some use of course materials on leadership theory
-Some use of key concepts and terminology
– Defines inclusive leadership
-Extensive use of course materials on leadership theory
-Extensive use of key concepts or terminology
– Clearly and concisely defines inclusive leadership
– Use of course materials on leadership theory indicates exceptional reflection and insight
-Key concepts or terminology are well chosen and enhance reflection and insight
– Does not incorporate reflective practice principles or methods
-Does not address which inclusive leadership style appeals to them
-Does not define reflective practice
– Incorporates some reflective practice principles and methods
-Addresses which inclusive leadership style appeals to them, but lacks depth or clarity
-Does not clearly define reflective practice
– Good use of reflective practice principles and methods
-Clearly addresses which inclusive leadership style appeals to them and why
-Clearly defines reflective practice and its value
– Exceptional use of reflective practice principles and methods
-Clearly and eloquently addresses which inclusive leadership style appeals to them, why, and what challenges they would face
Clearly articulates the process of reflective practice and its expected outcomes