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South University Laws of the Drug Enforcement Administration Presentation

South University Laws of the Drug Enforcement Administration Presentation.

A visitor from a friendly country wants to better understand the structure of America’s law enforcement system. He has heard so many names and acronyms that he is very confused. You have been selected to help him understand the various agencies and jurisdictions in American law enforcement.Create a Microsoft PowerPoint presentation, focusing on the following:Identify three federal law enforcement agencies and the areas of responsibility for each. (Note: Do not include agencies that are not law enforcement agencies.)Identify the local, county, and state law enforcement agencies that have jurisdiction where you live, using your home location.Identify the benefits and drawbacks of having this kind of multilayered structure.
South University Laws of the Drug Enforcement Administration Presentation

The subject of the Taliban frequently appears in contemporary international news headlines. This year, several reports indicated the Taliban continued to gain pockets of control in Afghanistan. The Taliban resurgence is not only significant for Afghan citizens, but also for many countries like the U.S. who either have troops stationed in Afghanistan or some vested interest in the affairs of the country. The Taliban emerged in the aftermath of the Soviet occupation and chaos of the Afghanistan Civil War, as many displaced Afghans saw an opportunity to implement some semblance of order through strict Islamic law. The group exists today as a powerful Islamic fundamentalist organization because of the actions, or inactions, of the U.S., Pakistan, and other foreign powers involved in the country. Many U.S. citizens, and westerners in general, hold stereotypes of Afghanistan as a place unable to sustain order or misunderstand the Taliban and Islamic fundamentalism as a primitive way of life. Knowledge of the Taliban is beneficial to students studying several historical topics because it opens a window into Afghanistan’s storied past and erases misconceptions. According to 2018 news reports, the Afghan Taliban fully control fourteen districts in the country, which equates to around four percent of the population (Adamou
America Military University Week 3 Hinduism Travel Show Presentation.

I’m working on a sociology presentation and need support to help me understand better.

Based upon the information you have obtained through your studies of World Religions so far, you are to develop a creative Travel Show Slide Presentation playing the role of a Human Aid Worker who is seeking the involvement of additional voluntary aid workers to accompany you on a special mission to a certain locale throughout the world where your team will study one of the major World Religions in an effort to better serve the needs of the people in that region of the world.Your Travel Show Slide Presentation should include the following components:The clear identification of (1) one of the World Religions we are studying in this course.A purpose statement and objective for studying this religion.The identification and application of the most effective Method of Religious Studies will be used by your team.The significant role geography plays within this religion and the impact it has on the people in this locale.Your goal is to examine this religion and area of the world in such a way to generate excitement and service opportunities for persuading people to partner with you as members of your Human Aid team.Be sure to always cite your resources according to the MLA Citation format in your slides and through the publication of a Works Cited Page to avoid plagiarism.Your presentation can be in the form of any of the following formats or a format of your choosing. Please ensure that your presentation is accessible by your instructor by either uploading or linking to your project. Here are some free, online format suggestions:Prezi.comInfographic (visit “10 Free Tools for Creating Infographics” to gather ideas)Storybook software like StorybirdA website like Google SitesPowerPointAudio Voice-OverUse of textYou will need to upload your Travel Show Slide Presentation in the correct file for presentation and final grading by your instructor. The Rubric listed below will be used for the grading process. Please be sure to review it in advance so that you will have a good idea of the expectations for this Project. (If rubric is not visible, access this assignment via Course Tools > Assignments, where the rubric will be visible.)
America Military University Week 3 Hinduism Travel Show Presentation

Table of Contents Introduction The Way Forward Conclusion Works Cited Introduction Most Americans now admit that the future of our natural resources is at a risk. According to one analyst, (Lubber 316) America is at a critical moment and has to take urgent measures or the natural systems that it depends on for its collective health and security will collapse. Although there is much talk about action, it is sad to note that people are not yet acting in a manner that is anywhere near what is required to save the planet. Many American’s erroneously thinking that being the ‘good guys’ does anything to help the environment but clearly, more needs to be done if a lasting solution to the problem is to be gotten. Indeed, Lubber warns that climate change poses the biggest financial risk that companies have ever-faced (317). However, many people think that climate change is an issue that does not affect them directly but this is far from the truth. By looking closely, one will notice that disasters such as hurricane Katrina are linked to climate change and this should act as a wake-up call for all stakeholders to act on the issue with more urgency. Despite the American government knowing the financial risk associated with climate change, it has not taken any significant steps to look for a lasting solution to the issue. To understand how the issue of global change is affecting each one of us, it is critical to look at where we are as American’s. According to Zukerman (323), a gallon of gasoline is currently retailing at $4 and what is even worse is that this wealth ends up in the pockets of people who do not support American policies such as Iran, Venezuela, and Russia. Zukerman notes that since the oil crisis of the 1970s, the American rate of oil consumption has been on the rise (324). While the United States constitute only 4% of the world’s population, it accounts for around one-quarter of worldwide oil consumption, which is twice the combined rate of the Chinese and Indians. Even more shocking is Zukerman’s observation that nearly 70% of the 21 million barrels of oil consumed every day goes to transportation, most of which are utilized by individual drivers (324). This clearly shows that the prerogative of saving energy is not something that should be entirely left to the government since everyone is involved. As the American people look for a lasting solution for the oil crisis, it is obvious that an alternative will have to be sought if we as a country are to attain our dream of energy independence since no combination of solar, wind, ethanol, biodiesel, or anything else will guarantee this independence shortly (Lubber 318). While the government has taken some steps toward the attainment of energy independence, most of these measures are driven by self-interest. An example case is the bid to produce ethanol in the country. While the farm and ethanol lobbies have succeeded in getting Congress to pay huge subsidies to farmers to grow corn to be converted into ethanol, the same Congress has set high tariffs to discourage cheaper, imported ethanol. Instead of helping the situation, this has caused more problems since Americans believe that convincing farmer to grow corn for fuel instead of doing this for food consumption has led to high food prices (Lubber 319). Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More To look for solutions to the energy problem, it is prudent to first examine how we got to the current situation. According to Zukerman (323), the government has been trying to regulate the issue of oil consumption in the country. In 1975, the government passed the first fuel economy standard law, known as Corporate Average Fuel Economy, or CAFÉ, which was a directive that doubled the fuel efficiency of the typical car marketed in the United States between 1974 and 1985 from 13.8 mpg to 27.5 mpg. Although this was a welcome move, it did not help matters since the law has never been reviewed since that time. An attempt in 1990 to raise the fuel standard to 40 mpg for cars elicited strong criticism by Democrats from car manufacturing states. If this bill had been passed, America would now be using 3 million fewer barrels a day (Zukerman 324). In 2007, the soaring price of gasoline forced Congress to approve the first major increase in fuel efficiency in 32 years, requiring the fleet average to reach 35 mpg by 2020. Although this is a commendable move, it is sad to note that it will save only 1 million barrels a day then. On top of this, attempts to hike taxes on gasoline to reduce consumption have essentially failed, except for a small tax increase of 4.3 cents per gallon in 1993 (Zukerman 325). Having established how the situation got into the current state, one thing that quickly comes to mind is the question of whether there available ways especially for ordinary citizens to save the earth. According to Friedman (290), a simple ‘Google Search’ will produce countless easy ways to save the planet. As it is, the problem here is ignorance on our part since we tend to think that saving the environment is something beyond us. What is encouraging, however, is the fact that thinking about how to live and work in a greener fashion is being popularized and democratized. What this means is that everyone now has a chance of getting useful information on how to get involved in conserving the environment. The issue is even being accorded more importance in the media and currently, environmental reporters who were previously ignored are now being given prime time. The issue has received so much attention such that even al-Qaeda supporters are joining the green revolution (Friedman 291). While this can be seen as a step in the right direction, it is sad to note that it is bearing little or no fruit. Although car manufacturers in America claim that they are conserving the environment, the truth of the matter is that they are creating more carbon emissions in the process. Friedman (291) quotes an example of General Motors, which has put yellow gas caps on its cars that are flex-fuel, meaning they can operate on a mixture of gas and ethanol. Friedman notes that for many years, GM never bothered to point out that its cars were flex-fuel, or use this as a selling point with customers (292). This was because the only reason GM manufactured a certain number of flex-fuel cars was that, if it did so, the government would allow it to manufacture even more fuel-guzzling Hummers and pick-up trucks and remain under the CAFÉ fuel economy permitted by Congress (Friedman 292). Apart from car manufacturers, even individuals are doing very little to deal with the issue of climate change. Apart from Goggle offering numerous “easy ways to go green,” the question of what going green means remains largely unanswered. As one environmentalist rightly puts it, obsessing over recycling and installing a few special light bulbs will not help the situation but will only slow the growth of environmental damage. We will write a custom Essay on Dealing With the Climate Change Issues specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More As a country, we need to be looking at fundamental changes in our energy, transportation, and agricultural systems rather than technological alteration on the margins, and this means costs and changes that our current and would-be leaders seem afraid to discuss (Friedman 294). Friedman is not alone in observing that the government is to blame for the lack of effective ways to combat climate change. Zukerman (324) says that the time has come for the government to get past the lame repetition of the decades-old argument over the benefits of offshore drilling. What Zukerman and other environmental analysts are saying is that refusing to exploit the vast oil reserves in the American soil is insane. Of course, many people do not know that the United States is one of the few countries in the world that chose to lock up their natural resources by dramatically restricting production and exploration. It is indeed amazing to note that America has vast reserves of oil that if exploited can save the country billions of dollars in oil exports. Indeed, estimates have shown that the outer continental shelf contains some 86 billion barrels of oil, plus 420 trillion cubic feet of natural gas that is overwhelmingly off-limits and underdeveloped (Zukerman 325). Despite these statistics, American leaders continue to apply cosmetic measures to the issue of climate change and this will not bring the much-expected green revolution. The Way Forward According to one report of a task force set up to look at the issue of climate change, the lack of sustained attention to energy issues is undercutting U.S. foreign policy and U.S. national security (Task Force 312). The findings of the task force revealed that major energy suppliers have been increasingly able and willing to utilize their energy resources to pursue their strategic and political objectives. According to the report, the U.S. is slowly realizing that its growing dependence on imported energy increases its strategic vulnerability and constrains its ability to pursue a wide range of foreign policy and national security objectives (Task Force 313). This calls for the U.S. to integrate energy issues with its foreign policy. As Al Gore (301) once noted, America faces a dangerous strategic vulnerability if the world suddenly loses access to Middle Eastern Oil. This, according to Al Gore (302) should act as a wake-up call to those who are still tempted to dismiss the increasingly urgent alarms from scientists around the world. This message should also awaken those who ignore the melting of the north polar ice cap and all other apocalyptic warnings from the planet itself, and those who roll their eyes at the very mention of this existential threat to the future of the human species. In short, the message that environmental analysts are trying to pass across is that the very existence of America is at stake (Al Gore 302). Over the next twenty years, it is infeasible to do away with the country’s dependence on foreign energy sources. According to the recommendations of the task force set up to look into this issue, the voices that advocate for energy independence are doing the country a disservice by focusing on a goal that is unachievable over the near future thus encouraging the adoption of inefficient and counterproductive policies. Indeed, over the next two decades, it is unlikely that the United States will succeed in making a sharp reduction in its reliance on imports, which currently stand at 60% of consumption. The main task for the next two decades must be to manage the cost of dependence on oil, and not to pretend that the United States can eliminate it (Task Force 312). Instead of consumers using ineffective methods such as avoiding the use of candles to prevent carbon emission, the government needs to embark on nationwide efforts to retrofit buildings with better insulation and energy-efficient windows and lighting. This is because approximately 40 percent of carbon dioxide emissions in the United States come from buildings and stopping that pollution will save money for homeowners and businesses (Al Gore 303). Not sure if you can write a paper on Dealing With the Climate Change Issues by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Conclusion The issue of climate change has elicited an animated debate in the recent past. Despite this interest, nothing much is being done about the issue. Although most people now have access to environmental literature that is supposed to provide easy information on how to go green, the issue is still far from being solved since there is no consensus on what it means by going green. What people are doing is employing ways that will slow down climate change but these ways are not bound to put an end to the problem. If the problem is to be solved permanently, then the American government will have to take far-reaching steps to deal with the situation. However, Americans will have to wait a little bit longer before the fruits of these efforts begin to take effect. Works Cited Al Gore. “The Climate for Change.” Writing and Reading Across the Curriculum. 11th Ed. Behrens, Lawrence, and Rosen Leonard. Longman Publishing Group, 2010. 301-304. Print. Friedman, Thomas. “205 East Wat to Save the Earth.” Writing and Reading Across the Curriculum. 11th Ed. Behrens, Lawrence and Rosen Leonard. Longman Publishing Group, 2010. 290-296. Print. Lubber, Mindy. “Balance Sheet the Climate Crisis: How America Businesses Can Help.” Writing and Reading Across the Curriculum. 11th Ed. Behrens, Lawrence and Rosen Leonard. Longman Publishing Group, 2010. 316-319. Print. Task Force. “National Security Consequences of U.S. Oil Dependence.” Writing and Reading Across the Curriculum. 11th Ed. Behrens, Lawrence and Rosen Leonard. Longman Publishing Group, 2010. 312-314. Print. Zuckerman, Morton. “Stop the Energy Insanity.” Writing and Reading Across the Curriculum. 11th Ed. Behrens, Lawrence and Rosen Leonard. Longman Publishing Group, 2010. 323-327. Print.

The Apie Approach To Care Planning Nursing Essay

Share this: Facebook Twitter Reddit LinkedIn WhatsApp To gain a better understanding of the problem solving approach it is useful to explore how it can be used to demonstrate an understanding of patients’ experiences and behaviours. This essay will look at the A.P.I.E approach to care planning, what A.P.I.E is and how it is used in the nursing process. A.P.I.E is a problem solving process used to direct individuals in a systematic approach to problem solving, using the development of Assess, Planning, Implement and Evaluate, although this process is used by many professions, it will be explored from a nursing perspective. It is used to provide individual care planning in nursing and looks not just at the illness or disease but at the patient from a holistic view, in order to provide effective care giving (Slevin 2001). Each element of the model will be explored and discussed to give an understanding of how the model works, the strengths, limitations of using the problem solving approach in delivering care, it will also explore theories that can be used to plan care relating to a patients behaviour or even how care can affect the patients behaviour. It will look at whether each stage is independent of the next or if they are interrelated. From the audiovisual that was presented to use Joe is a patient in a care setting, it will be useful to use each stage of A.P.I.E to explain how care planning would have improved Joe’s experiences, enabling him to receive improved care. The nursing process is a systematic approach to delivering care, Yura and Walsh (1978) identified four main stages to the process (Roper, Logan, Tierney 2003). Assessment was the first, however Roper et al (2000) suggested that assessing would be more appropriate as this is an ongoing process and not a once only activity. Assessing a patient is not the same as admitting a patient and this can be confused at times in a clinical setting, although they can be used in conjunction with each other. Admitting a patient is to welcome them to the area they will be staying, introducing yourself to a patient, making them feel comfortable and dealing with any immediate needs. Assessing is more complex and not just a list of problems the patient may have, it needs to be objective, accurate and a detailed account of the individual (Barrett, Wilson, Woollands 2009). During assessing, data is gathered in two parts, quantitative information which may consist of height, weight, temperature, pulse and blood pressure, qualitative data is in the form of mental state, social background, family status, the patients likes and dislikes, although there are lots of other factors that may be considered during the assessing process (Slevin 2001). Data is collected by different ways, and nurses use interview techniques, direct observations, measurements, previous medical history and present, coping strategies and also how the patient perceives their health patterns. Furthermore the nurse should consistently validate the data with the patient ensuring that the nurse’s interpretation is complete and accurate. However during assessing there are some considerations that need to be addressed, a patients physical state, this could be how tired they are, their stress levels and hormones. Psychological state, social and cultural backgrounds also need to be considered (Barrett, Wilson, Woollands 2009). Data can come from a multi disciplinary team that may be involved and family (Arnold 2003). This serves as a baseline throughout the nursing process, base lines offer descriptions and measurements allowing for the nursing team to evaluate if the patient is making progress or failing to reach their goals, leading to a change in care that is given. Baselines need to be a clear description of what is happening now with regards to health, they need to incorporate objective and subjective information. Deliberation has to be taken from the medical diagnosis and the effects the consequences will have on the patient in their everyday lives, nurses need to look beyond a medical diagnosis and take into account the social, psychological, spiritual and physical issues related to their illness (Barrett, Wilson, Woollands 2009). Critical thinking skills are used to differentiate what is essential, relevant and what is irrelevant data, to organise and plan care (Kenney 1995). Nurses must identify not only the actual problem but also potential problems that may arise. During Joe’s assessment he was asked what he likes to eat, his wife had always made him fried eggs and sausage sandwiches for breakfast and he put that he would like this to eat, but had only ever been given porridge. Although this maybe suitable at times, peoples preferences must be taken into account, this may lead to patients not eating and getting the nutritional intake they need. Maintaining sufficient intake needs to be assessed and monitored, so having relevant knowledge of what is correct for a patient of Joe’s age, his activity and height to weight ratio is very important (Arnold 2003). Nurses need to ask questions that are relevant for him and centred around the care he needs, asking questions about nutrition to a diabetic would be totally different to asking Joe about his diet, he is not a diabetic and this would be irrelevant for any care planning. Nutrition is just as important in older age as it is in young adults, having good diet and nutritional intake can help with living longer and having fewer disabilities. Nutrition is used for energy levels and although this declines with age it can be associated with less physical activity, however it could also be related to the basal metabolic rate declining by one to two per cent per decade, this is due to lean body mass and thyroid hormones diminishing. The loss of muscle mass can lead to loss of movement and balance, making falls more likely (DeBruyne et al, 2011). Therefore making sure Joe is getting a nutritional diet and sufficient intake is vital to help him maintain an active life, as this can lead to social disengagement. Cumming and Henry (1961) cited in Upton (2010), argued that social disengagement occurs when relationships between an individual and other members of society are severed or altered in quality, this could happen if Joe has a fall because it could lead to him being in bed and not being able to engage in any social activity. Society also accepts withdrawal from an elderly person normal life as an inevitable move towards death (Upton 2010). It is argued that elderly people do withdraw from society, but not voluntary, it is due to ageist policies, low retirement income and also dependency creating services, this restricting to remain active citizens (Chambers 2010). When this has be identified as a potential problem, it can be assessed and planned for so it does not occur and every possible step has been taken to make sure elderly patients are still socially involved and not made to feel inadequate (Upton 2010). Once actual and potential problems have been identified care can be planned, making sure that it is patient led and goals are set that the patient understands, also makes them aware of who is going to implement them and what role they have in achieving those goals (Roper et al, 2000). Plans are made to solve the actual problem; goals are set so that potential issues do not turn in to actual problems. It needs to identify the priority in which treatment is going to happen, the most important issue being dealt with first, this may not be the same from nurse to patient, the patient may have their own ideas of how they would like issues dealt with and in what order, however life threatening or problems that may become more serious if left need to be a priority, keeping the patient safe is always the first priority (Barrett, Wilson, Woollands 2009). Planning care with a patient needs to take into account their life style; values, economics and also personal preference will influence individual’s goals (Henson 1997, cited in Arnold 2003).Without carrying a comprehensive assessing stage out the nurse would not be able to progress through the planning stage easily. It also needs to be able to able to change at any given time according to how the patient responds to treatment, the patients responses to goal setting and planning of care should also be documented, this is being accountable for nursing practice and is a legal document, it is evidence based of care and treatment the patient is to receive from the health care team (Walsh 2002, cited in Roper et al, 2003). Goals set during the planning stage should be directive, having a baseline of where the patient is now in relation to the problem, goals will give an indication of where the patient is heading after direct nursing care. Goals need to be evaluated by the patient and nursing team, so have to be measurable, observable and recordable so it can been seen if the patient is making progress towards or away from the goal. Goals can be short term or long term depending on the patients needs, however short term goals are better for the patient as they can maintain motivation for achieving the outcome they desire (Barrett, Wilson, Woollands 2009). When deciding goals it would be beneficial to consider who is going to achieve the goals either the patient or nurse, what they are actually meant to be achieving, how they are going to achieve it and when they are going to do this by. One way of setting goals is to use a tool this could be the MACROS criteria, Hogston (2007) argued these should be done under the headings of PRODUCT, patient centred, recordable, observable, directive, understandable, credible and time related in reference to the resources available (Hayes and Llweellyn 2010). Joe had always been a smart dresser and when he was younger made every effort to dress in a particular way and ensure his hair was always combed. It would appear from the audiovisual that this is not happening now and he is left in his pyjamas, and does not seemed to have had his hair combed, or a shave. Society would perceive that Joe is ill and was adopting the sick role, however this is not the case Joe is not ill he just needs some extra care and support; unfortunately his basic care needs are not being met by the care staff. To adopt the sick role there are certain rights and obligations that need to be met, the patient must be exempt from normal social role responsibilities, is not responsible for their illness and would not be able to get well without seeking medical advice, they must also want to get better and adhere to any medical advice or treatment, Parsons (1979) argues that those who claim to be sick without truly being ill are deviant (Earle 2010). Joe is not being deviant as he is being kept in this role by the care staff; he likes to get dressed and have his hair done nice, but accepts this will not happen because the health care team are so busy. Nurses have a professional responsibility to the patient to provide safe and competent nursing, this being evidence based not just biologically, but also taking into account the sociology and psychology perspectives, if this had been addressed Joe would not have felt a burden to the staff just because he wanted to get dressed, he would have been taken out of what society would have said was the sick role (Arnold and Boggs 2003). If in the planning stage, goals had been set these issues could have been dealt with, Joe could have been dressed every time he had a wash, this would have taken a little extra time but would have made Joe feel better. Orem (1991) argues that patients function and maintain life, health and well being by caring for themselves, it was clear from the video that Joe was never at any point asked if he would like to get dressed or even if he wanted to dress himself. Orem (1991), also went on to say that self care are activities that are necessary to meet basic needs of daily living, are common to everyone and adjust throughout individuals lives depending on age, environmental and other factors. Nurses should be maintaining these activities for patients and encouraging patients to do as much self care as possible to enable a social and psychological well being (Arnold and Boggs 2003) When goals have been decided by the patient and nurse care needs to be implemented to the patient can start to get better or adjust to the change that may need to happen. When it is talked about implementing is the ‘doing’ of care giving to a patient. There are lots of factors that need to be considered when a nurse implements care, such as cultural and individual differences, a patients values and beliefs will influence how care, how much will they want to do for themselves and what they expect the nurse to do for them. This should have been looked at in the planning stage so that the patient and nurse know exactly what is expected and when. When implementing care for a patient with cultural differences, it would be ideal to find out what they expect, how their culture needs to be cared for and how this may affect the care that is provide (Barrett, Wilson, Woollands 2009). McCloskey and Bulcheck (1996) argued that implementing care is done through specific nursing interventions, a nursing intervention is any treatment given based on knowledge and clinical judgement to enhance the patients outcome. Direct or indirect care may be given in the implementing and need to take account of the physical, psychological, social and spiritual support, these may need to be looked at from a multidisciplinary team not just a nursing team (Arnold and Boggs 2003). Nurses need to remember when implementing care that is patient led and if the patient is able to self care this is encouraged and not over taken by the nurse or even family members, but to make the patient aware they are there to support them, this is part of the Nursing and Midwifery Councils standards of conduct, performance and ethics (NMC 2010). Furthermore the care giving needs to be individualised and patient centred, it must be safe, legal and ethical. All care must be evidence based and researched, but has to be in the limits of resources available to staff. When implementing care nurses still need to remember, that dignity and respect, which are part of the NMC code of conduct, are upheld and to gain consent. All care that is given must be documented in line with the NMC guidelines for recording keeping, it has to be accurate, comprehensive and include the patient’s views, it must also be signed as this is taking accountability for the care that has been given and nurses are accountable for any care they provide to a patient (Barrett, Wilson, Woollands 2009). The care for Joe was not implemented well, when he came to the care setting he was mobile with a frame, but was now in a wheel chair. Had steps been taken in the planning of care, it could have been implemented that Joe could still use his frame daily and goals could have been set that he would use it every day as long as he felt he was able to but would make sure the care team were aware if he was struggling and needed help. This would have been easy to implement and would still have given Joe is mobility enabling him autonomy. Autonomy is learnt at an early age according to Erikson (1963), it is learnt from a child wanting to explore and parents allowing this to happen so they are not passive individuals. He believed that people pass through eight stages of life, and had to deal with social realities which are formed in the ego function, which allow them to adapt successfully and show a normal development pattern (Shaffer 2009). According to Erkison (1963), individuals have to pass through each stage successfully to be able to move on to the next, if this is not done the individual will not be able to progress through the next stage successfully and this can have an effect on their lives. At present Joe is at the eighth stage and this is Ego integrity versus despair, this is where the person reflects back over their lives, having lost his autonomy Joe’s ego strength will decline and he will feel despair this is a crisis point in the last stage of development and could have the effect that Joe will fear death, had the assessment be carried comprehensively this could have been avoided and Joe could have kept in autonomy (Shaffer 2009) Once these stages of the problem solving approach has been completed the care planning needs to be evaluated, this is so the nursing team can see if the care has been given correctly, the patient has progressed towards the goals set or moved away, where is the patient in line with the baselines that were discovered in assessing. The information from these issues will allow the nurses to establish if the assessing was comprehensive and holistic, and if this led to an accurate nursing diagnosis. During evaluation it needs to consider if the goals set were realistic and relevant to the patient and if the care that was planned was implemented correctly and by the correct person. When evaluating consideration needs to be taken over the goals set and whether it has alleviated or even solved the problem (Barrett, Wilson, Woollands 2009). If Joes care had been evaluated properly it could have prevented his nutritional intake reducing, during assessing he was asked what he like to eat, this was not followed up. Being placed in the sick role through no choice of his own also needs to be addressed, and evaluation would look at this. Having a the eighth stage of development damaged needs to be evaluated and dealt with as soon as possible as this will affect his later years and the experience of death will be of despair. Having looked at each stage and exploring it, it can be seen that each one is interrelated and interdependent of the next. Every stage has information needed to complete the next stage and if at any one stage it is not carried out comprehensively it will be impossible to move successfully on to the next stage. However emphasis must be placed on the assessing stage and how crucial it is for this stage to be done methodically, as this will make every other stage easier to progress through. Word count 3132 Share this: Facebook Twitter Reddit LinkedIn WhatsApp

Risks and Benefits of Modern Technology

cheap assignment writing service The Internet and other emerging technologies have been a source of help to organisations in the modern time. It could be argued that having a form of modern technology is inevitable in the bid to remain competitive. Information Technology industry and media commentators claim that businesses stand to gain many benefits from use of the Internet. There is no doubt that the internet has transformed the way organizations operate at present, not only do these improve processes, financial benefits are also increased. While successful examples of companies using the net have been widely reported, few studies have seriously examined the issues involved. However, there is always a flip side of the coin in everything, as the internet and the other emerging technologies have their benefits to organizations. There are also the disadvantages. This paper will seek to analyze both sides in detail and put forward possible solutions backed up by research which will reduce the risk of digital business. George (1988) defined Emerging Technology as science based innovations that have the potential to create a new industry or transform an existing one. They include discontinuous technologies derived from radical innovations. Examples are bio therapeutics, high-temperature super conductors, MRI imaging, Touch screen kiosk and the Internet. The Touch Screen Kiosk is a new java-enabled technology. Touch-screen kiosks go beyond the capabilities of a traditional time clock in that they are true information appliances. They provide a bridge between the organization and the workforce, both capturing workforce information and extending organizational information back to the employee. A kiosk-based solution for time, attendance, and labour tracking also offers organizations a tool for empowering employees with self-service. With the touch of a finger, employees can view Internet-enabled applications that display their schedules, vacation balances, and corporate messages or allow time and labour data entry. Workforce management can now be a two way street. (Rizzo, 2001) The Internet started in the 80’s and since then it has had a drastic impact on culture, commerce and business and due to the speed, litheness, and effectiveness that it offers, it has become the means for accomplishing a growing amount of business between suppliers and large international companies. With this, the Internet has created new business to developing countries and has hastened the distribution of knowledge throughout the world of business. It thus creates unprecedented opportunities for developing countries because it can remove barriers thereby fostering full participation in the new global economy. Some organisations use the internet for almost every part of their organization such as buying and delivery of goods, stock control, manufacture arrangement, communications plans, sales programs, service departments and support programs. “The change from traditional communication channels such as salespeople, telephone and snail mail to the internet and e-mail happened quickly in some companies. However, this transition took place slowly in others”. (McKenna and Bargh, 2000) Emerging Technologies have instigated a new transaction method that decrease costs, hastens the pace at which transactions are carried out, and supply acces to new markets, new customers, and new business relationships of all kinds. Even with all these benefits that the internet has brought to the business world, there are still a lot of risks involved such as fraudulent transactions, scams and more. This research would explain all these risks and benefits in detail. The Internet has enabled business to go far beyond previously set or imagined boundaries. Today, change is constant, its speed is accelerating, and its global impact is felt everywhere. While the Internet offers many potential benefits, there are a number of unresolved issues in conducting business on it. Despite recent advances, security remains the most fundamental concern and the main reason why companies hold back from full use of the net (van Kirk, 1994; Baron, 1995). Iver (2003) explains that online business is an infinite term about the different business procedures that plan to assimilate the merchants with the consumers and suppliers using the Internet. The whole procedure of putting up a website, helping the potential customer steer through the site, showing them the accessible products, offering cut rate and coupons and doing everything possible to persuade the potential customers and changing them into customers, comes under the process of e-business. He further went to discuss about Electonic commerce which is a compartment of e-business and is defined as online business that can be accounted for in financial terms. For instance, paying for goods and products with credit card by the consumers or shopping and paying online are examples of electronic-commerce. E-commerce could be explained as the last phase of e-business which involves the payments of the products sold by the organisation. The use of the internet has several disadvantages when conducting business transactions. According to Iver (2003), the main disadvantage of online business is the poor growth rate in certain segment on account of goods. For example, the food sector has not profited in terms of expansion of sales and resulting profits generation due to some certain reasons like food products being an unpreserved item. Customers hardly search for food products and items on the Internet because they rather go to the stores to purchase the required product when it is needed. It is also very easy to go into the online business as almost everyone has a laptop and is connected to the internet. This gives room for fraudulent activities since there isn’t proper security in place to monitor the number of people that develop shopping websites. Trust is also a major issue in online business because any problems with your business website will be immediately be obvious to the world and the customers typically have little loyalty. Due to competition, once your website is unavailable, customers will simply move on to one of your competitors. In addition, technical failure can also have a significant impact on a company’s key trading partners. Sid (2007) also discussed about the disadvantages of online business based on internet services and trust issues. Internet Technology According to Sid (2007), he discussed about the disadvantages of practising online business. The first point is that the website of the business must keep functioning at all times; this is the equivalent to a physical store staying open. If an Internet business goes offline due to technical issues, it can cost them profit; therefore, it’s essential to either have the technical skills or have someone in the company that possesses the technical skills to keep the company functional at all times. Trust Sid (2007) also explained about the behaviour of people shopping online. In many people’s minds, purchasing products over the Internet is still not as safe as purchasing products in stores. Since people cannot see the person on the other end of the computer, they might have issues purchasing products. This is also dependent upon the products and the sector. Lacking consumer’s trust can significantly impact sales and overall success. According to Lewis (2002), internal network protection will be a big issue for the organizations that wish to offer their services to Internet-using customers around the world. Hackers and other internet criminals can infiltrate company files and infect them with a virus, which is then sent to other computers to infect them. If the networks are not secured such people could also find important information about the company. Newly publicized weaknesses in the basic structure of the Internet indicate that the worldwide computer network may need a time-consuming redesign before it can be safely used as a commercial medium. Lewis (2002) further went to explain about how hackers can easily get access to different companies and can cover their traces without any major concerns. They like to trade data illegally and sell data to the hacker community. Calling-card numbers from long distance telephone service providers, cellular service activation codes, stolen credit-card numbers, security-penetrating algorithms and pirated software codes are among the data most frequently traded on the Internet. Hackers might also bombard a company with thousands of mail messages using automatic remailer tools. The posting of messages can knock out communications at a critical time in a competitive situation and even firewalls cannot protect a company well against these attacks. Jerkins (1995) explained about Information security which is based on three foundations: Data integrity A company must be sure that its data have not been changed. Confidentiality of data Companies have to be able to keep to themselves what they do not want others to know, such as their customer database, credit card numbers, etc. Authenticity Companies need to be sure that messages they receive from the Net are from the people they claim to be. If any of these factors can be infiltrated by hackers, the company is no longer secure.Another risk is the increasing number of information brokers who use online communications to match buyers and sellers. Criminals always seem to always have an edge over law enforcement agencies.An online Internet organization also faces other challenging risks. Cafasso (1996) explains the case of staff members that always download adult material from the internet and go further to show them around in the work environment. This can create a hostile working environment and employees that view the adult material might feel sexually harassed within the company and could press charges. The company will have to ensure that employees cannot download such media files or other offensive materials from the Internet. It will have to develop strict guidelines to protect its own interests and the uncontrolled surfing habits of its employees.To do business on the Internet successfully, companies will have to ensure that the customer is indeed the person he or she claims to be. Verification and confirmation, written with an e-mail system, will work well enough for the time being. The advantages of using the internet or emerging technologies were explained by Iver in 2003. Worldwide Presence According to Iver, 2003, this is the major benefit of transacting dealings online. An organization using e-business can have a countrywide or a global presence. For example, IBM was one of the first firms to start practicing e-business to service customers and work in partnership with business associates all over the globe. Dell Inc. also had a prosperous business selling computers all over the US, through the telephone and the Internet till 2007. is also an accomplishment story that assists customers buy globally from third parties. Hence, global presence is guaranteed if organizations reorganize their business by using the Internet. Cost Effective Marketing and Promotions The use of the web to advertise products ensures global reach at a small price. Advertising techniques like pay per click advertising guarantees that the promoter only pays for the advertisements that are really watched. “Affiliate marketing, where customers are directed to a business portal because of the efforts of the affiliate who in turn receive compensation for their efforts meeting with success, have emerged on account of e-business”. Associated marketing has assisted both the business and the associates. Organizations making use of e-business have handled to use cost effective online advertising strategies to their advantage. Developing a Competitive Strategy Organizations need to have a competitive strategy over their rivals because without an effective strategy, it will be difficult to sustain the advantage and make proceeds. The strategy, that the organization can chase, can be a price strategy or a differentiation strategy. For instance, till the year 2007, Dell Inc. was selling PC’s only through the Internet and the phone. It took up a differentiation strategy by selling its PC’s through the internet and personalizing its laptops to meet up with the requirements of the customers and it really helped their profits. Thus, engaging business online resulted in Dell Inc. being able to acquire a large sector of the market by making use of the differentiation strategy. Better Customer Service Iver (2002) explained that doing business online has produced an improvement in customer service. Occasionally, when going through a website, the customer is always met by a pop-up chat window. Readily available customer service may assist in encouraging the customer to know more about the product or service. Furthermore, the products can be paid for online and can be shipped to the customer’s home. Internet services allow for asynchronous interaction and provide convenience for the client. The Web also makes access to people in remote areas feasible. This assistance, says Snow (2001), is able to “bridge distances and help overcome a wide assortment of isolation – economic, physical, emotional, geographical.” Doing business on the Internet will become even more essential in the future. More organizations will have the right to use to the Internet and, with the price of communication reducing; more customers will come to the Internet as well. The Internet offers remarkable possibilities and could, in the long run, surpass conventional distribution channels. It is very simple to get connected to the Internet and people can browse and shop on the Internet 24 hours a day, if they want to. The Internet offers an exceptional way to get in touch with the customers on a one-to-one basis. Better emerging technologies will help organizations to represent themselves better and sell more products. So for people to keep enjoying the benefits on the Internet, it is important that the security issues must be addressed. Security on the Internet is a very vital issue, and some good solutions are beginning to form. Organizations that use the internet often need to protect themselves in three major areas: data integrity, confidentiality of data and authenticity. It becomes more and more key to avoid hackers from stealing or tampering with data stored in organisation’s systems. This can be done by installing firewalls or routers. When data travels on the Net, it is normally intended to be read only by sender and recipient, which can be ensured with encryption systems. Finally, an organization wants to be sure that the parties it is communicating with are really who they claim to be. Authenticity can be obtained with digital signatures. Doing business online involves some risks, like any other business transaction. But if attention is devoted to installing secure procedures, it is no more risky than other business practices. Since security is essential in online business because of all the risk involved, one of the major organizations that provide such security for banks and other large organizations that deal with online business is Panda Security. It is one of the major leading IT security providers and an antifraud service for doing business online to guard against identity theft through malware attacks targeting banks that operate online, platforms for payment and electronic-commerce. This procedure advises companies when there is a targeted attack and provides the gears to spot and obstruct affected users which reduce any possibility of online fraud. This solution allows banks and organizations providing online services to ensure that customers initiating businesses on their websites are not contaminated by any malevolent code that affects the service. They can see the security status of their customers and efficiently supervise the danger involved in online business. This radically reduces the possibility of fraudulent actions. The benefits that this service offers organizations include: Reduction of online fraud Panda Security for Internet Transactions provides tools and information to stop fraudulent activity. Organizations are instantly notified whenever there is a new malware attack targeting their customers, and delivered the information needed to respond in time. Organizations will see how the malware operates and how they can protect themselves. They can prevent infected customers from accessing their website, reducing the effects of online fraud. Control and management of threats to online transactions This is the only service on the market offering information about the security status of clients. This can be used by an organization to create risk profiles, meaning the service can be configured to restrict the permission to carry out transactions to those clients that meet pre-determined security requirements. Expanding business thanks to improved security Users’ lack of confidence in online security is one of the prime reasons for their reticence to use Web services. This tool reduces online fraud and allows companies to offer clients a secure environment for online transactions For the business community, the Internet is a new limit, offering matchless prospects for development and growth. Organizations can provide their services throughout the world, with the variety of services multiplying daily. It is also obvious that the advantages of using the internet and other emerging technologies for business is by far more than the disadvantages so organizations would continue to use them and keep trying to find ways to reduce online fraud and scams. Practising online business involves some threats just like any other business deal. But if concentration is dedicated to installing secure measures, it is no more dangerous than other business practices. As a matter of fact, it is not safe for your organization not to be represented on the Web if you are related to the technology industry in any way: the Web will be the first place prospective customers will look for you, expecting to find you there. There are unique opportunities on the Web for marketing a company’s services, selling products and gathering information. References BBC (1999), “Internet scam file”, BBC On-line Network, 7 April, Brewer E. (15), “Internet flaws a setback for commerce”, New York Times – Personal Technology. Cafasso, R., “When security isn’t what it seems”, Enterprise Systems

Goal And Objectives Of A Spar Business Tourism Essay

Through its vast network of research on the consumer and industry, some researchers were pinpointed the following spa industry trends: • Spa is a Lifestyle: Research shows that more than 2 million spa-goers took part in lifestyle classes in 2005. Examples of lifestyle offerings include healthy cooking classes, seminars on achieving balance and managing stress and treatments which allow guests to customize their own at-home spa experience. more people are embracing the spa experience as it is linked to lifestyle decisions based on health and wellness. Issues such as stress, obesity, and environmental toxins being serious concerns, many spas are incorporating lifestyle elements, which include fitness, diet and overall health into the traditional treatment-based spa concept. • Spa Visits are Necessary and an Entitlement: This trend is catching particularly among baby boomers. The most common reasons for visiting spas include soothing sore joints/muscles, relieving/reducing stress to feel better about oneself and for mental/emotional health. • Looking for Results: People expect more than just pampering from their spa visits simply. More than one in ten spa-goers treat spa-going as part of their larger health and wellness lifestyle. • Medical Components: The annual growth of 69 percent from 2003 to 2005 shows that medical spas are one of the fastest growing segments of the industry. The most popular medical treatments are microdermabrasion, chemical peels and natural weight loss measures such as body wraps. Increasingly, the medical industry in general, and the plastic surgery sector in particular, are incorporating spa treatments such as acupuncture and naturotherapy into their service structure. • Living at the Spa: Spas are adding residential components and real estate developers are building spas in gated communities and condominiums. For example it is particularly visible in cities like New York City and Las Vegas. • Socialization: Today’s spas are offering enhanced opportunities for socialization. Many spas are merging the traditional spa concept with entertainment and networking. Eight percent of U.S. spa-goers say they use their time at the spa as an opportunity to socialize. • Customization: In today’s times Spa-goers desire experiences that are customized to their personal needs and desires. Right from booking time, to selecting the background music, room temperature lighting, and massage oils; being a spa-goer is no longer a spectator sport. • Gender-specific experiences: consumers are looking for experiences tailored specifically to their gender. As 45 percent of spa-goers are men, the demand for products and services designed specifically with men in mind is at an all-time high. • Spa Vacations: About 63% of U.S. spa-goers have visited spa while traveling from home. Apart from budgetary considerations, trips to spas are shaped by desires to visit particular places and have specific types of vacations. Women are more likely than men to be spa-goers, though spa traveling reduces the gender gap considerably as 36 percent of spa travelers are male. • Experiential Journeys: Spa-goers are drawn to indigenous treatments and products, especially when traveling. New textures, aromas and sounds with meaningful story-telling help forge connections to people, places and traditions. Additionally, another trend to watch for is skin care evolving from a product-based service to an experience-based service. Industry Background The spa industry has grown significantly from 2005 to 2007. According to the latest Global Spa Research of ISPA (International SPA Association) there are nearly 100 million active spa-goers globally. The need to relax transcends borders. Regardless of where they live, the primary reasons spa-goers visit spas are to relax and relieve/reduce stress. Most spa businesses market a Web site to advertise products or services. It may not be an attractive or professional looking page on the Internet, but businesses are still using these uninviting Web pages. Owners are staying away from potentially helpful management software, because they are caught up in the paperwork. If all businesses used an Internet strategy, sales and new clients would increase significantly. It’s a matter of developing an Internet strategy, sticking to a plan, and remembering the big picture. The purpose of this research is to determine whether having an Internet strategy is beneficial in the spa industry. Internet articles, e-books, personal interviews, and books were used for research purposes. Overall, research suggests that having an Internet strategy proves beneficial for clients, spa technicians, and management. With a willingness to learn about new software and ways of doing business online, revenue will increase as fast as over night. Goal and Objectives of the Business and Milestone Our mission is to run a profitable business by providing high-end therapeutic massage and aesthetician services in a caring, upscale, professional environment. We offer massage in a variety of styles – traditional Swedish Massage, Sports Massage, Deep Tissue work, Sports Massage, Hot Stone Massage, Reflexology, and others. Our licensed aestheticians offer the latest in skin treatments, body treatments and anti-aging therapies. Our goal is to tailor the client’s experience based on initial interview information, as well as feedback during the treatments, to ensure the client’s comfort and satisfaction, and to increase repeat business. We are mindful of the overall experience – using only the finest oils and lotions, beauty treatments and aromatherapies. Special lighting, music, decor, and textiles are used throughout the spa to complete the comfortable, plush environment and enhance the client’s overall spa experience. Objectives of the Business Achieve $33,900in sales the third month after opening by performing 16services per day. Achieve $81,600 in sales the 6 month after opening by performing 27 services per day. Have a local client return rate of 90% by the end of the first 6 months. Become an established community Spa destination by the end of the first 12 months. Perform 23 services per day by the end of the first year. Uniqueness of Product or Service Marketing, Marketing, Marketing – Owner is a proven, 15-year sales executive. Marketing will be the first strength to our success and a huge competitive edge. Professionalism: Which are includes everything from maintaining confidentiality, to hiring the very best LMT and Aestheticians. Individual Attention: Each client’s experience will be tailored to his or her preference. Repeat business/Recommendations: giving the kind of service that brings people back for regular treatments, and encourages clients to recommend us to friends, and other health professionals to recommend their clients. Unique Treatments: We have the latest in techniques with the best products from around the world. Fantastic Location: Orchard road A Few More Notable Items… Treatments that use two or more therapists are also seen as being on the rise. Spa-going moms desire products and experiences designed for them. The most reason that customer want go to spa is to reduce and relieve their stress, painfuls and the attractiveness of our spa is stone and fruit massage. Marketing Plan Research and Analysis Knowledge of the target market provides a basis for determining the appropriate marketing action strategy that will effectively meet its needs (Hisrich, Peters

ENG 1102 Fiction

ENG 1102 Fiction. I’m stuck on a Writing question and need an explanation.

The Essay must be original and in mla format, more than 750 words
Write a short essay (750 words) that defends a thesis you developed through a close critical reading/analysis of one (or two) works listed in Chapter 9. The “critical response” essay relies on textual support from the primary text (secondary sources are not required) – not plot summary to develop the student’s argument. Do not confuse “critical analysis” with “plot summary”; the goal is to develop, sustain, and advance a thesis based on a critique of the primary text.
What you’ll be graded upon:
15% Introduction: You establish a context for the significance of your thesis in regards to the literary work as a whole. How does your argument contribute to understanding the author’s major literary/thematic concerns? What can other readers learn from your analysis?
15% Thesis: You state your main point (or argument) in 1-2 sentences. The thesis is the culmination of your introduction.
30% Organization. Your essay should follow that of a typical literary critique:
Since your focus must be on analyzing some literary motif, theme, or a combination of literary elements (such as symbolism, character, setting, etc.), your essay must contain well-structured supporting paragraphs that contain a topic sentence, quotes from the primary text (secondary sources are not required), an explanation/discussion of the significance of the quotes you use in relation to your thesis, and a concluding sentence or two that situates the entire paragraph in relation to the thesis. Your thesis will focus on some kind of critical analysis of the primary text, so your supporting paragraphs should be organized around each of the quotes you use, explaining the significance of the quotes and why (or how) they illustrate your main point, but you also need to make sure that your paragraphs contain strong transitions and at least six (or more) sentences.
10% Conclusion: Regardless of the argument you make, you want a conclusion that avoids summarizing what you’ve just said, and please avoid writing, “In conclusion.…” Your aim in a conclusion is to place the discussion in a larger context. For example, how might your critical analysis of a literary character relate to the other characters in a work? How might your thesis be applied to other aspects of the text, say for example, setting or symbolism?
15% Grammar and mechanics: Your paper avoids basic grammar mistakes, such as dropped apostrophes in possessives, subject/verb disagreement, arbitrary tense switches, etc. The paper demonstrates a commitment to proofreading by avoiding easy-to-catch typos and word mistakes (effect for affect, for example). The paper adheres to MLA formatting style for in-text citations.
15% Presentation: Your paper meets the minimum length criteria of 750 words, is typed with a title and your name on it. You follow your individual professor’s instructions for formatting (margins, placement of the name, etc).
ENG 1102 Fiction