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sociology assignment -01

sociology assignment -01.

Workbook Activity # 5 Survey & Interview QuestionsIn this exercise, you will turn your research question from Activity #2 into data collection material for survey or interview research, considering the pros and cons of each of these data sources. Please write out your answers in complete sentences and include information about your processing. Include your former question in full and justify your responses when necessary.Recall the research questions you brainstormed in Activity #2. Review your questions, any comments I made to them while grading, and what you have learned since this activity.What was your original question?Frame your question so that it can be answered using survey data. Did you have to change your question? Why or why not?Using the same research topic, frame your question so that it can be answered using interview data. Note if and how this differs from your previous question.Who is your target audience? How might you recruit participants to participate in your research if you conducted it in survey form?How might you recruit participants to participate in your research if you conducted it in interview form?Continuing to work with the same research question, come up with 5, close-ended survey questions you would ask respondents, including their possible responses. Be sure to follow the guidelines for good survey questions from Chapter 8.Continuing to work with the same research question, come up with 5 open-ended questions you could ask were you to conduct in-depth interviews on the topic.Now, answer your survey questions as if you were a survey participant. After doing so, critique your questions. Did they make sense? Were the answers given sufficient to the question asked?Now, answer your interview questions as if you were an interview participant. After doing so, critique your questions. Were any of them leading, or yes-or-no questions? Were they too easy or too difficult? How did you feel talking about the topics you asked yourself to discuss? How might respondents feel talking about them? Be sure to include both your answers, and your critique in your response to this question.After completing the above exercises, do you think your topic is more suited to survey research or interview research? Justify your answer, using material from the textbook and the above experience. Consider factors including cost, accessibility and recruitment of participants, and overall feasibility of data collection, as well as data analysis (especially consider which source of data would best answer your question).For activity 2 information, please check the attached file, this is the activity 2 requirement, I missed that assignment, so you can find question that you like. Note: this is sociology class, and need to read the attached reading file and understand how to think and make a research question in sociology. No limits on the sources use, can use more than 2 or less than 2.
sociology assignment -01

Which of the following is a learned behavior? a disability caused by a genetic d.

Which of the following is a learned behavior?a disability caused by a genetic defectanimals’ instincts of fight or flightbirds pecking the insides of their eggs in order to hatchanswering the phone when it rings
Which of the following is a learned behavior? a disability caused by a genetic d

From the example of wildfires in California, discuss Defense Support to Civil Authorities (DSCA) and ways to leverage existing mitigation strategies and resources to prevent and respond to the threats to ultimately protect the homeland. Include a brief background/overview. Defend your views. Provide specific examples and facts to support your views. Your references should be from the government, peer-reviewed subject matter expert sources
Share this: Facebook Twitter Reddit LinkedIn WhatsApp Obesity discrimination has a great impact on health care. The healthcare may be more critical of obese individuals. Some primary care physicians may be less attentive to treating obesity than other ailments as well. Overweight individuals seem to pick up on the negative feelings: studies show obese individuals tend to delay going to the doctor even for routine visits. There is no exception for radiographer the impact of obesity. To improve the image quality a certain amount of radiation is needed to go through the body in obese patient. And that is higher than normal doses of radiation in order to obtain X-ray images. Also obesity has impact on the surgical options for obese patients, the anatomy and imaging of gastric bypass surgery, and how to recognize and treat surgical complications of bariatric surgery. Obese patients need to purchase larger wheelchairs, larger beds and even larger diagnostic imaging machines. 1b.Reading the background of Obesity, and how people are becoming Obese, will help me to gain a close understand of how obese people feeling about themselves and how discrimination effects obese people. It will help me to see the obese people as an illness not blame them because of their weight. As a Radiography student I should deal with all patients equally. If those issues above has impact on health care provider, it is also has psychological impact on obese patient. 2a. In this annotated bibliography I would like to convey to the reader, that obesity always is not individual fault, there may be other factor such as medical condition and disease which make people obese. By discrimination obese people we may put their self-esteem and social interaction down. I would also like to convey to the reader how I have researched my chosen topic, how I changed my search each time to get the appropriate articles required. 2b.The title for my Annotated Bibliography would be `Stigma and discrimination against obese people`. 3a. The first search I carried out was a Google search. I carried out a different search using Google Scholar online to find journal articles for critiquing. I used Birmingham City University web site. From the main library website, I clicked on electronic resources A to Z. ‘CINAHL plus with Full Text and MEDLINE was my databases to find a peer reviewed articles. 3b. First I was looking to a Google search to have a background reading of my topic. So I put obesity in search box and I had About 39,500,000 results. Then I modified my search by adding obesity and discrimination, I got about 4,570,000 results and from there I had my relevant titles. Again I modified my search again by entering additional search terms `in Radiology`, which I got About 1,650,000 results and I had two of my supporting sources from there. Then I searched in Google Scholar I Put obesity and Discrimination from 2000 to 2011and from there I find two articles of my key sources. I carried out a different search using Google Scholar online to find journal articles for critiquing. Then I went to Birmingham city university website and I clicked on electronic resources A to Z.I start with Cinhal plus with full text. I logged in and in search box put obesity as a key word, then I ticked the full text and peer review to find my articles. These are good sources because they are peer reviewed articles. Then I clicked search, I had 4515 results. In first result I found one of my supporting sources. Again I modified my search by adding discrimination on search box. And I got 2483 results. I linked them with and, so I got 38 results. From there I got three key sources which I will critique them and it is relevant to my topic. To find more articles I changed my databases to Medline and I did same steps for my articles. When I liked obesity and discrimination with and, I had 279 results. Again I had two key sources and one supporting sources for my assignment. I chose which articles were most useful by looking at the date they were published and whether the information contained is still relevant to today’s situation. I also tried to find sources from a variety of locations but found some unhelpful. And I ended my search. 4a. Two articles critiquing: Development and Psychometric Testing of the Nurses’ Attitudes Towards Obesity and Obese Patients (NATOOPS) Scale Lorraine Watson, Kathleen Oberle, Danielle Deutscher Research in Nursing and Health, 2008, 31, 586 – 593 Being ‘fat’ in today’s world: a qualitative study of the lived experiences of people with obesity in Australia. Samantha L. Thomas PhD, Jim Hyde PhD, Asuntha Karunaratne BMedSci (Hons), Dilinie Herbert MBioMedSci (Part 1) and Paul A. Komesaroff MB BS FRACP PhD 2008 The Authors, Journal Compilation, 2008 Blackwell Publishing Ltd Health Expectations, 11, pp. 321 – 330 Introduction The above two articles are of two studies to look into the obesity stigmatisation in two different aspects. In the first article, the attitudes of the health care professionals, and on this occasion nurses, towards obese individuals have been studied using psychometric analysis. The second article is about a study designed to look into how obese individuals feel in themselves about public perception and discrimination based upon their body weight, which is more like looking into the original side of the argument and that is to find out when, how and why such stigmatisation has developed. Critique There is no doubt that obesity stigma does exist just like other forms of discrimination in the society based upon race, ethnic origin and having an underlying illness such as HIV. The authors of the first article have started well by talking about the basic principles and reviewing a lot of literatures about similar previous studies with regards to health care professionals’ attitudes towards their obese patients. The method was good with a considerable number of professional nurses participated in it and, in my opinion, the NATOOPS did cover the psychological aspects of nurse-patient relationship. The results were identical to most of the previous studies and the study simply confirmed the previous ideology that negative attitudes towards obese individuals even among health care professionals do exist. However, when there is a problem there must be a solution, and whilst the authors have nicely highlighted and confirmed this problem amongst nurses, they have failed to provide answers and means to change such attitudes. They have given a lot of details in identifying the problem, but have only briefly towards the end suggested how to tackle the issue and how to educate our nurses not to stigmatise based upon body weight. In my opinion, they should have made more suggestions to rectify problematic attitudes and behaviours. The second article is covering the other side of the argument; in other words, people’s real life experience to make a case that obesity stigmatisation does exist. It is a good qualitative study with a clever way to attract random obese individuals to participate through newspaper advertisement. The method, data collection and the data analysis was pretty good. The number of participants was satisfactory, though could have been higher. The quotes from the individuals were prime examples of how this section of society is victimised in different aspects of life including employment, education, health care and general public services such as transport. They describe a clear blame culture by professionals, policy makers and media. It is worth mentioning the fact that the ‘opt-in’ nature of this study makes it biased towards the participants. Those chose to take part and to be interviewed for the study were generally the ones with bad experience. Personally, I feel that random selection would have been much better to reflect the true nature of how obese people in the community feel about themselves and how society treats them. Conclusion To sum it up, there is no question that society treats obese individuals unfairly and there are quite a few studies to confirm this fact. Health care professionals such as nurses are no exception, but we need to find ways to educate them and to change this mentality in order to improve the quality of health care given to everyone without discrimination. The qualitative study of the obese people’s real life experience is a good one but there is a self-selection bias within the sample as admitted by the authors themselves. More random and bigger studies are needed in this field I believe. 5a.and 5b Key Sources: Brownell, K. D .and, Puhl,R.(2003), Stigma and Discrimination in Weight Management and Obesity, The Permanente Journal, Vol 7, No. 3, online Available from:,[Accessed 17/03/2011] It covers the three common areas of weight-based discrimination which are education, health care and employment. Puhl, R. and Brownell, K. D. (2001), Bias, Discrimination and Obesity, Obesity Research, Vol 9, No. 12, online Available from:,[Accessed 26/02/2011] Puhl, R. M and Chelsea Heuer, A. (2010), Obesity Stigma: Important considerations for public health, American Journal of Public Health, Vol 100, No. 6, June 2010 online Available from:, [Accessed 16/02/2011] This article gives particular attention to the health issues surrounding obese individuals and they compared their public discrimination to similar socially disregarded group such as HIV patients as in this article. Thomas, S. L. Hyde, J. Karunaratne, A. Herbert, D. and Komesaroff, P. A. (2008), Being ‘fat’ in today’s world: a qualitative study of the lived experiences of people with obesity in Australia, Journal Compilation, 2008 Blackwell Publishing Ltd Health Expectations, 11, pp. 321 – 330 online available from:

CU Remote Access & VPNs Internet Protocol Security Transport & Tunnel Mode Project

CU Remote Access & VPNs Internet Protocol Security Transport & Tunnel Mode Project.

I’m working on a writing discussion question and need an explanation to help me understand better.

Overall Project ScenarioYOU HAVE TO TAKE A LOOK AT THE PART 1 AND 2 AND WRITE THE PART 3.Corporation Techs provides remote and on-site support to small and mid-size businesses. Clients use Corporation Techs’ services to solve problems involving malware removal, to manage data recovery and network issues, and to install hardware and software.Due to recent developments, most technical representatives will begin working from home within the next six months. Because Corporation Techs provides 24/7 support, its systems and communications pathways must be fully operational at all times. In addition, the company has been experiencing unprecedented growth and is preparing to double its client-facing staff.You are a junior network architect who is responsible for helping to plan and design network enhancements to create a more secure internal network, and to ensure secure remote access.DeliverablesThe project is divided into several parts. Details for each deliverable can be found in this document. Refer to the course Syllabus for submission dates.Project Part 1: Network DesignProject Part 2: Firewall Selection and PlacementProject Part 3: Remote Access and VPNs
CU Remote Access & VPNs Internet Protocol Security Transport & Tunnel Mode Project

Afghanistan Economics in the Modern Days Research Paper

write my term paper Since the resources of Afghanistan offer great opportunities for the state development and for the enhancement of industry, it is necessary to realize the benefits of the enhancement of mining as well as the probable obstacles. If used efficiently, the local resources can have great impact on Afghanistan industry and economics. Thus, it is of great importance to evaluate all pros and cons of mining in Afghanistan. Anyway, one of the key aspects would be the question of how to draw the additional investments to the state. According to what World Bank Group claims, the Afghanistan government is currently concerned with the state of agriculture in the country, whereas the mining industry is left unattended at present. Thus, it would be possible to develop this sphere, making it clear that the given enterprise pursues the goal of enriching the land. Indeed, the riches which can be found in this land strike everyone’s imagination: as World Bank Group says, even gold ore can be found here. Taking a closer look at the state of affairs in the country, it becomes clear that only with help of additional investments, the country will be able to get out of the poverty pit and start out a journey to prosperity. As long as the reasons for additional investments from the other countries are found, the Afghanistan problem will be solved. Since “investment projects encompass a broad range of sectors – from agriculture to urban development, rural infrastructure, education and health” (World Bank Group), it is possible to suggest that investments in Afghan will help to resolve certain economical problems and lead the country out of the poverty which it is suffering from at the moment. Speaking of the resource cost, one can suppose that the value of the minerals obtained will be stunning, since the country is extremely rich in iron ore. It must be also born in mind that Afghanistan is rich in petroleum and gas, which means that the enterprise under discussion is going to be rather profitable. In addition, according to the evidence of the “Gem Hunter”, Afghanistan is welling in precious stones, which can also be a good reason for investment campaign (Bowesox). However, it must be admitted that to achieve this goal, it will be necessary to conduct effective land acquisition. As Adam Bennett claims, there has been recently a successful attempt in land acquisition to create more effective system of housing (Bennett 43), which allows to suggest that the given enterprise will be crowned with success as well in terms of the land acquisition. However, one must keep in mind that the costs spent on this enterprise are going to be sufficient. Another problem to tackle will be the mining rights in Afghanistan. Since mining rights in Afghanistan presuppose that the international norms are applied in case of the land acquisition, it can be considered that the legal issues will be tackled easily. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More However, one must keep in mind that certain cultural issues, such as the local traditions and the system of belief can hinder the process of mining and create an obstacle on the way to efficient development of the mining industry. It goes without saying that the culture and traditions of the Afghanistan people must be appreciated. As the organizers of Visiting Arts Cultural Profiles Project (2009) claim, “In 2003, eight heritage sites in the Bamiyan valley were collectively inscribed upon the UNESCO List of World Heritage in Danger as`the ‘Cultural Landscape and Archaeological Remains of the Bamiyan Valley’.” Therefore, it would be crucial to accept their understanding of what land is and take into account the beliefs connected with the land. For instance, it is a well-known fact that the Afghanistan people have deep love and attachment for their land (Visiting Arts Cultural Profiles Project). This means that some discords may appear as the mining process begins, unless the team explains to the local people that the mining process is designed to draw more investments and make the country prosper. To solve such problem, it would be a good idea to make people believe that mining is designed for their own benefit and describe the advantages which they will get as the first results appear. However, in case the local dwellers prove rather stubborn, it would be better to choose another place for mining. Thus, with help of certain diplomacy and the special knowledge of the Afghanistan mining, one will be able to develop the local mining industry and help the country develop economically. Works Cited Bennett, Adam. Reconstructing Afghanistan. Washington, D. C.: International Monetary Fund, 2005. Print. Bowersox, G. W. ( n.d.). Gem Hunters. In The Gem Hunter in Afghanistan. Web. We will write a custom Research Paper on Afghanistan Economics in the Modern Days specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Visiting Arts Cultural Profiles Project. (2009). Afghanistan Cultural Profile. In welcome to the Afghanistan Cultural Profile. Web. World Bank Group (n.d.). Projects and Operations. In Products and Services. Web.

Pollution Leads To Market Failure Economics Essay

Economic effectiveness for society has been playing an increasingly important role in benefiting human beings. Given the limited resources, producers are being motivated to allocate the resources properly to ensure highest efficiency, which is determined by the equality of price and marginal cost. Then the production and consumption of goods and services can be managed in an efficient way. According to economic theory, the market has been playing a vital role in keeping the balance of production and consumption, the market demand and supply curves lead to the optimum output for the society. However, market failure occurs when economic resources are not allocated effectively caused by the market demand and supply curves working imperfectly. ‘In the absence of any distortions, competitive equilibrium is efficient. By using the term market failure to cover all the circumstances in which market equilibrium is inefficient’ (David, 2005:266). There are two primary types of market failure. One is called externalities or spillovers, which is caused by producing incorrect amount of goods and services, it may result from a trading process which affects some individuals not directly involved in that process. The other one is called public goods, ‘public goods are generally available to all, such that it is difficult if not impossible to exclude any person, even if they have not paid for the good, from consuming it. Markets often fail to encourage private firms from supplying such good’ (Eleanor, 2005:223). It should be noted here, when it comes to public good, it includes a significant number of consumers sharing the goods or services for free, they are called the free-rider. In economy, externalities are divided into two parts, positive externalities and negative externalities. The former one is achieved by adding benefit to the third parties or the whole community without compensation. The latter one is incurred by inflicting the cost on the third party without payment to it. In the real world, pollution is served as an example of market failure. On April 19th 2010, a chemical firm in the southeast of England poured waste into a lake, polluting the lake. The chemical manufacturer favored maximizing profit as opposed to protecting the environment. It resulted in fewer fish production of anglers. ‘Without a “market” for pollution, that firm could pollute the lake without cost. The self-interest leads it to contaminate the lake regardless of the cost inflicts on anglers’ (David, 2005:267). The optimum amount of output is wrongly produced due to the difference between the private supplier’s comparison of benefits and marginal costs and society’s comparison of marginal benefits and costs. Therefore, the optimum output of chemical firm should be reconsidered. To help analyze this case, we use the following diagram. 0 S: stands for the marginal private cost curve; S1: stands for the marginal social cost curve; D: shows the firm’s marginal revenue curve According to the diagram, in this case pollution, negative externalities occurs. At the output Qe , equilibrium output is achieved by the firm, at which the marginal private cost equals the price of the firm’s output. For the overall community, the social optimum output is at the output Qo, indicating the marginal social cost equals the marginal social benefit of chemicals, the difference between output Qe and Qo leads to the market failure for the chemical firm. In an attempt to achieve highest efficiency, the output level should be reduced from Qe to Qo , at which the marginal social cost equals the marginal social benefit. It’s the optimum social output. In this situation, the resources of chemical firm were overallocated, leading to market failure, as seen in the diagram. Solutions to market failure have two basic forms, including specific taxes and legislation. In our case, if the chemical output is very low, there is no need to control the pollution. Whereas higher amount of disposed waste cannot be diluted by the lake, in order to control the amount of pollutant discharged waste by the chemical firm, the government should design policy such as specific tax charges to motivate the firm be aware of the charging fees due to pollution. ‘The task of the environmental economists is to design policy instruments such as taxes and charges, for instance making it economically sensible for households to sort their waste to an optimal extent’ (Frank, 1999:408) . In our case, as seen in the graph below, a tax equal to T per unit will increase the cost of the chemical firm, which will shift the SS curve to StSt curve. Therefore, the output level will be reduced from Qe to Qo , also it is an equilibrium output for the society as a whole. This means the resources are perfectly allocated. =T 0 S: stands for the marginal private cost curve; St: stands for the marginal social cost curve; D: shows the firm’s marginal revenue curve Additionally, the government can also pass legislation to solve market failure. For instance, if the chemical factory will be fined by the government if they dispose wastewater into the lake, they will spontaneously construct more wastewater treatment equipment for discharges. Hence, the firm’s cost increases from S curve to St curve. The output has been brought back to the optimum social output Qo, so the negative externality was eliminated now. In recent years, the importance of treatment capacity can never be underestimated, emissions from the manufacturing industry decreased dramatically, especially in some urban areas where factory are built densely along the river bank. The purpose for charges primarily includes the wish for a fairer allocation of resources. Consequently, the efficient allocation of resources could be achieved and the market failure was eliminated. Nowadays, a high level of environment pollution contributes to the significant market failure since the use of free common resources, such as air or water. In the long run, of course, the debts of the common resources will be shifted to our whole society. It might be noted that, our government must strike a balance between protecting the environment and developing the economy. We must take responsibility to protect the environment. However, the cost of protection has to be taken into consideration when developing economy. ‘We should use the cost-benefit analysis to determine the optimum extent to which anti-pollution programs should be pursued’ (John, 2007:218) . In the old-style market excludes the common properties with lower price or no price. In the United States, the market has been extended to a new level for some heavy industries, which allows us to attach a reasonable price tag on each common property. Because of trading of pollution rights in our new market, we don’t need the government intervention any more when we reduce the pollution, the efficiency of the market based incentives for polluters to reduce pollution to an optimal extent can never been underestimated. The manufacturers might be motivated to develop new cost-efficient ways or do research on new technologies to help protect the environment. Hence, negative externalities could be eliminated and the cost of reducing pollution may stay at relatively low level in the long run.

University of California San Diego Business Processes Workflow Paper

University of California San Diego Business Processes Workflow Paper.

Business processes are important to communicate an organization’s best practices as they leverage themselves against competitors. Some benefits of business processes are that in the long-run, gains may be realized in cost reduction, meeting customers’ expectations, and streamlining business operations. Business process management then focuses on workflow which may hinder good performance.Identify a business process for which there is not yet a workflow diagram, explain the situation, and devise a workflow to address the problem. Defend your workflow and identify any areas of concern that may hinder successful implementation and a proposed remedy to that concern._________________Requirements:Follow (APA) style2 scholarly references are enough
University of California San Diego Business Processes Workflow Paper

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