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Sociological Theories of Divorce

Sociological Theories of Divorce. Introduction Functionalism, symbolic interactionism, and feminism are three of the major paradigms that have different levels on perspectives of the topic divorce. Divorce is the legal dissolution of a marriage but court or other competent body. (CITE) Not only is divorce a very tough event that occurs in an individual’s life, but it is also a hard journey to overcome. Divorce may be affected and caused by many different aspects of life that include financial needs, personal differences, and lack of communication. Functionalism helps us view divorce in a skeptical way, symbolic interactionalism provides us a framework of interaction and feminism defines the gender identity. Therefore, within the theoretical paradigms each view divorce through various fields. Sociologists have used theorists in order to determine views and in this case three major paradigms will be discussed. Functionalism Looking in the functionalist point of view, divorce is seen through a skeptical lens. Functionalism’s level of analysis is based on a macro structure setting. Macro perspective meaning it views social development related to balance and change within society. This is the bonding with society and individuals to justify if society is adaptive. The idea of structure comes into play where human morals are guided by firm arrangements of social relations. The main focus of this theoretical tradition is shared values and preferences. Within relationships values and preferences are important because the fundamental idea of being together through life and agreeing or disagreeing makes up the foundation of a healthy relationship. In which case, maintaining those shared values and preferences in a divorce makes it easier to know exactly what each individuals goal is. Functionalists believe social systems maintain and undermine social establishment. According to a theorist Robert k Merton, dysfunctional effects the build of insatiability. Relating to divorce it serves as a purpose for which ever situation and story it may be. When divorce is a choice in a marriage, everyone has their own reasons and purposes. For instance, when it comes to divorce a lot of other factuality members are involved which allows employment for the social structure. Although, statistics on divorce have increased over years and generations that has largely impacted and deliberate a society. Being a functionalist a solution to the topic of divorce that would help solve the controversies and problems is re-establishing a state of equilibrium. In order to fulfill this, there needs to be balance within lives. Grounding yourself, having a healthy mind set on yourself and finding who you are mentally, emotionally, and physically. Not only focusing on your relationship during a divorce having the support needed is much of a comfort such as friends, family, and peers helps balance that equilibrium. Also, in a situation with having children through the divorce, focusing on the needs and wants helps set goals and challenges in life in order to fulfill. Therefore, re-establishing equilibrium is a solution to divorce in the functionalist perspective. Symbolic Interactionalism Viewing symbolic interactionism is an alteration away from the macro setting into the micro level of analysis. Symbolic interactionism is the framework of interaction within individuals on a daily basis. The interactionalists believe that behavior is the always changing that depend on different factors which have become common in the interactionalist view. Divorce is tied into the aspect of being influenced by their surroundings and environment. Within this theory individuals ae known to be active agents with goals in life. The main focus on a symbolic interactionalist is meaning and interactions. Causes of divorce surrounding symbolic interactionism are social media, friends and family, and society itself. Furthermore, a main theorist of symbolic interactionalism is Max Weber. Weber is the most influential sociologists. Social construction and queer theory a key aspect involved in symbolic interactionism. Assumptions are made when interactions are natural then what they seem to be. Ideas and power vary therefore this outcome changes in people’s behaviour and identity. Concern was surrounded by meaning and a key term is verstehen. The social construction of divorce has been viewed through several lens because back in history divorce was viewed as a negative event, and everyone was not accepting. Compared to our generation now, divorce is viewed as a normal and its accepted in our society. A solution that might “solve” the controversies and problems that are associated with divorce is respect for the minority views. Involving different minority’s such as religion and culture helps understand the different views associated with divorce. Feminism In addition, another theoretical paradigm sociologist referred to is feminism within divorce. Feminism focuses on patriarchy within the classes of gender and is dominated by an individual particularly by males. The main level of analysis targets the micro and macro analysis. Feminism is a large feature of our own identity to become masculine or feminine. The view between feminism and conflict theory both related in similar ways since there is the key of inequality. Gender roles within this theory are not balance because in divorce feminism is changing inequality through tension which modifies their social stability. Feminism is divided into three variant stages for example, liberal feminist theories is related to the rights associated with divorce. Equal rights are to be determined within all individuals, and legal restraints. This is affiliated in divorce with child custody, property income, investments, and many other legal customs. The Marxist feminist theory is related to social class and position, in divorce this is where divorces rate is important to economic growth. In divorce you need to live the life you use to live, no matter what circumstances you are in. This meaning your class and economic position cannot change due to the situation of divorce, you are obligated not to have change in life. Lastly, in the radical feminist theory the idea of patriarchy is shown and in divorce they want to replace the male domination with female power. In divorce Within the feminist theory a solution that would help “solve” the controversies and problems with divorce is eliminating the gender inequality. For instance, in certain ethnicities when the man overpowers the woman, this allows the woman equal rights in the divorce. Gender inequality is mainly due to the different gender roles in society. Each individual has the right to have equality in our live and by fighting gender related stereotypes, promoting equality and being more informed about inequality would help benefit in this situation. In order to fulfill this aspect during divorce includes perhaps if children are involved it allows men more rights or custody. Woman use to get these rights, but the males would have to give financial needs. Although, many things have evolved in our society now which has allowed rights to be evolved. Best Theory Furthermore, I believe the theoretical paradigm that best reflects the social issue of divorce is the feminist theory. Not stating that the other paradigms also relate to the topic of divorce but, the best fit is the paradigm of feminism. In divorce there are causes although, there are other factors of divorce. Conclusion In conclusion, each of the three sociological paradigms have their own diverse ways of seeing divorce. All three theorists help us explore a deeper understanding of knowledge and helps connect each to the topic of divorce in several aspects. As a final point, the development of the paradigm’s guides thinking to our social world. Although, through overall connections the best theory related to the topic of divorce is feminism not mentioning they do all connect in various ways, others balance more than others. Thus, they all have their point of view on divorce. To summarize, functionalism views divorce in a skeptical way, symbolic interactionalism provides us a framework of interaction and feminism defines the gender identity. References: Cite Sociological Theories of Divorce
BUS 402 Ashford University Kelloggs Strategic Plan Case Study.

KELLOGGSFrom the perspective of an executive with the firm, your supervisor has tasked you with creating a strategic plan to grow the business over the next three years using this Strategic Plan Template (ATTACHED) and here is an Example Strategic Plan (ATTACHED) using the template.Your strategic plan must be future-oriented and mustDescribe the company, the company’s history and its 4Ps (Product, Price, Place, and Promotion).Examine the company’s mission statement and assess its impact on the organization’s activities.Explain the current situation of the organization in the market (industry, market, and general environment analysis).Add your SWOT analysis (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats) of your chosen company here. Evaluate areas that offer opportunities forChoose three or four areas from your SWOT analysis and assess why the areas you have chosen are essential to your strategic planSummarize the results of your Environmental Scan and Porter’s 5 Forces.Evaluate the degree to which they aid in conceptualizing the company’s competitive position in its marketplace.Assess the company’s international performance in light of Cultural Barriers, Monetary Exchange Rates, and Political Instability.Assess the financial performance and condition of the Operational budgetResearch and assess the company’s operational budget.Assess the performance in terms of key performance indicators.In your analysis, be sure to include profitability ratios relevant to your analysis.Debt to Equity ratioDebt to Assets ratioBased on the data, evaluate the overall current financial condition of the company.Support your analysis by referring to the company dataCreate a three year end trend analysisAssess how your Operational Budget analysis affects your three-year strategic plan.Recommend an organizational structure in terms of the organizational designAssess the impact of the strategic plan on the organizational culture.Strategic Goals: Create measurable core strategic goals for each of the three to four areas addressed from the SWOT analysis, addressing any contingencies associated with the strategies you are recommending and prioritizing them according to ease of achievement and time to completion.Recommend marketing positions and opportunities for growth in your strategic planAdd specific language to the strategic plan that addresses the company’s Corporate Social ResponsibilityExplain your plan to measure the success of your strategic planSubmit the Strategic Plan to the instructor.The Strategic planMust be 10 to 12 double-spaced pages in length (excluding title and reference pages)Must include a title page with the following:Title of paperStudent’s nameCourse name and numberInstructor’s nameDate submittedMust include an introduction and conclusion paragraph. Your introduction paragraph needs to end with a clear thesis statement that indicates the purpose of your paper.Must use at least five scholarly and/or credible resources e final say about the appropriateness of a specific source for a particular assignment.Must include a separate references page that is formatted according to APA style
BUS 402 Ashford University Kelloggs Strategic Plan Case Study

Essay – budget process at the national level, expenditure formats and budgetary decision making..

Essay 3 2. Complete and Submit Writing Assignment 3 (worth up to 10 points). Begin by accessing the case study, “Linking Performance and Budgeting: Opportunities in the Federal Budget Process” at Feel free to read through the entire report, but concentrate on pages 6-7 (‘Introduction’), pages 15-17 (‘A Comprehensive Framework for Considering Budget and Performance Integration’), pages 20-36 (‘Potential Uses of Performance-Informed Budgeting in the Federal Budget Process’), and pages 37-39 (‘Findings and Recommendations’). This case study considers a number of aspects we have covered in the course, with an emphasis on the budget process at the national level, expenditure formats and budgetary decision making. After reading the case study, respond to the following questions (your submission can address each question individually in a 2-3 page total submission, double-spaced, with APA formatting for citations and references). Offer examples and make connections to the course materials in your responses. What are the differences between performance-enhanced budgeting and a “traditional” budget process? How is a budget based on performance information beneficial to government and the citizenry?How can performance information can be utilized in each of the four stages of the federal budget process?What are the three main findings of the study and what is their relevance to improving the federal budget process? Submit your writing assignment through the link located below the weekly overview information (scroll to the bottom of the screen). Be sure to click the Submit button. Writing Assignment Deadlines and Points to Remember: Writing assignment is due by the end of the week, Sunday.Make sure you review the Grading Rubrics (accessed via the Grading Rubrics link from the course menu). Points for this assignment are earned based on the Writing Assignment Rubric, so be sure to review the criteria of how points will be awarded, In particular note that, among other criterion, you will need to incorporate connections to the course readings into your analysis. Specifically, include 3 in-text citations in APA format to course materials in support of your analysis.
Essay – budget process at the national level, expenditure formats and budgetary decision making.

I need help with my discussions questions

I need help with my discussions questions. I’m studying for my Business class and need an explanation.

Each post must be at least 75-150 words
1. Evaluating variances from standard costs is the process of evaluating performances against benchmarks serving as goals. From the company you used in Week 1, please speculate how benchmarks can be determined when evaluating variances from standard costs. Provide detailed examples and how you arrived at those examples.
2. Decentralized Operations is when decision making and authority is transferred to subunits of the company. This is the difference in revenue and expenses between different products. Please choose a company which produces more than one product. Take at least two of these products and discuss the different costs between these two products which may make one more profitable than the other. It is not allowed to use the same company as a student from a previous post in Week 5.
3. Capital Investments is the use of present value and future calculations as well as different formulas to analyze return on investments. Lean Manufacturing and Activity Analysis is about eliminating waste and focusing on the movement of goods and services in respect to customer demand. In regards to Learn Manufacturing, discuss why it’s important to focus on the movement of goods and services based on customer demand for the company you chose in Week 1.
4. Statement of Cash Flows. This is the financial statement used to analyze the cash flow of a company. Why is cash flow important to a company? Research a case where a company went out of business or declared bankruptcy due to poor cash flow and not lack of sales, then summarize it for your initial post. It is not allowed to use the same company as a student from a previous post in Week 7.
5. Financial Statement. Financial Statement is the use of different calculations and formulas to determine the financial health of an organization. Lean Manufacturing and Activity Analysis is about eliminating waste and focusing on the movement of goods and services in respect to customer demand. In regards to financial statements, please pick out four ratios discussed in the chapter that would best analyze the company you chose in Week 1’s threaded discussions. Discuss why these are the best calculations for the company you chose and in detail explain how they effectively analyze the financial health of that firm.
I need help with my discussions questions

Create an OUTLINE for the “Marginalized Group Career Counseling Essay”

best assignment help Create an OUTLINE for the “Marginalized Group Career Counseling Essay”. I don’t know how to handle this Psychology question and need guidance.

This assignment is for an OUTLINE. Please only accept this project if you will be willing to then accept the project for the actual paper that I am also going to POST as a question.
Create an outline for the “Marginalized Group Career Counseling Essay”
Include at least four required scholarly references for the paper in your outline.
Refer to “Four Main Components for Effective Outlines,” located on the Purdue OWL website for help in completing your assignment.
This assignment uses a scoring guide. Please review the scoring guide prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.
For this assignment you will select a marginalized group (veterans, minorities, individuals with disabilities, etc.) and write a paper of 1,750 to 2,100 words that can be used as a resource when working with an individual from the selected group. Use peer-reviewed resources to support your use of a specific career theory as well as interventions with this population. The paper should include the following:

An explanation of who the population is and why it is important for this group to receive career counseling
Statistics on the group (e.g., how large, how many have employment problems, how many utilize career counseling)
Discussion of career counseling theory to be used with the group (e.g., Minnesota theory of work adjustment). Include evidence supporting the use of this theory in the general population as well as within the group. Please note: If none are available, it is important to indicate that as well.
Basic plan for counseling utilizing chosen theory (e.g., interview, use of assessment tools, explanation of theory)
Environmental/personal barriers that may prevent the client from finding work (e.g., disability, substance use history, felony, transportation, limited computer access)
Local resources available to help the client obtain work (e.g., job center, training programs, support groups)
Your conclusion on whether or not this plan is tenable and will work, based on the information listed above.
A minimum of four scholarly references.
Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide
Create an OUTLINE for the “Marginalized Group Career Counseling Essay”

Philosopher Plato and His ‘The Republic’ Essay

Philosopher Plato and His ‘The Republic’ Essay. Plato makes a passionate presentation for the rightness of justice in ‘The Republic’; it is imperative that the place of justice be fully understood because it is the cornerstone upon which the ideal city-state is built. Justice is the principle that differentiates Plato’s ideal community from the current status quo. Plato sets out with two primary objectives: one is to understand the nature of justice, and the second is to find out in what ways justice can be ensured within a community. Plato starts by first finding out the perception that there is of justice from Socrates’ discourse with his fellow sophists. The first response Socrates gets from Polemarchus, is that justice constitutes being honest and paying off what one owes. However, the philosopher points out the loopholes in this premise, from whence the definition of justice broadens, with the proposition that justice is giving a man what he deserves. Again, Socrates blows this argument by pointing out that a just man cannot do an unjust man wrong, just because the unjust one deserves it (Plato 7-13). The argument proceeds, with Thrasymachus declaring that justice is that which serves the purpose of the stronger party, even if it is the government, because, if one is presumed to have broken the law, then there is no defense against authorities, whether the perceived lawbreaker is unjust or not (Plato 14). The conclusion is just men are wiser and better, and that unjust men only act so out of their ignorance (Plato 32). At this point, Socrates states the first quality of a just leader; that such a person is one who has special knowledge coupled with the understanding that this knowledge is not intended to take advantage of those whom are under his rule, but rather he is to be of service. The mark of a true leader is having the interest of his subjects always at heart (Plato 22). Gradually, Socrates view of justice begins to take form, after pulling down the conformities on morality and justice that are known in their own societal setting. Socrates explains that the position held by people on morality is more out of a moral code than a true appreciation of justice. It is because people are trying to avoid the ramifications of injustice if one is at the receiving end that they keep to the moral codes that bind their neighbors too (Plato 37). Socrates has identified that morality and justice, as it is perceived, is something of a compromise that means one will not necessarily do good, but rather will restrain from doing evil (Plato 38). After exhaustive debate, Socrates and his fellow sophists conclude that justice entails two things: doing one’s task for which one is best suited without interfering with the tasks of others, and keeping one’s property as well as one’s occupation (167). How this conclusion is drawn is that justice has three aspects: courage, wisdom, and temperate, and just society is one in which all three are in harmony. Socrates proposes that each person has a duty, which he/she can perform better than other tasks. There are those who are meant to be carpenters, and it is for the good of all if they focus their energies on being carpenters. When they try to be something other than their craftsmanship, they interfere with the balance of the community and create injustice. In a just community, as Plato envisions for the ideal city-state, there is total harmony because every individual is playing his role. In this kind of setting, people find fulfillment, not only for themselves because they are undertaking that which is most suitable to their nature, but also because it sums up to a community in accord. (Plato 47-52) There are three classes in which people in a just society fall: the warriors, the guardians, and the producers. The warriors are charged with the task of protecting the community, the producers, who constitute the craftsmen, farmers and artisans provide the community with its basic needs of food, shelter, and clothing. The guardians are charged with the task of ruling the community. When all three people in the different classes do their tasks as they are meant to, then justice is created (Plato 53). Plato states that there is outward justice, that which is seen within the community, and inner justice, that which comes from the individual. He further expounds that a just society is merely a reflection of the individual who is in himself just. He explains that a just individual is one who is supremely balanced, who lets one of his three parts of his reason take control. Central to how just a community is, as Socrates mentions from the very start, depends very much on leaders. Socrates makes a point for why leaders are to be chosen from the one whose dominant mental part is the quest for truth and wisdom. He says that the wise make the smallest proportion of the community’s population, because of the specialized education that they have, and that is more important than the knowledge contained by the rest. This, however, does not mean that apart from the leaders the rest of the community has no sense of reason. Reason can only be governed by reason; it is just that the other members of the community fit their designed tasks (Plato 96-100). The selection of leaders has to be done with great care; first and foremost, this leaders, whose temperament leads them always to seek wisdom, must be given a special and wholesome education that in part contains music and gymnastics. The leaders must also be older men, who have learned much over the years and can be entrusted to safeguard the city. These leaders, above all else, must put the interests of the city first, and treat these interests like their very own. This is the true hallmark of a just leader; one who genuinely thinks of his subjects before himself. Furthermore, a leader has to be tested for his steadfastness before he can be deemed worthy of his position (105). Plato then surmises that justice is good in and of itself, that true justice is an inner state which is little affected by what can be outwardly observed. Conclusion Systematically, Socrates illustrates that a just society is much better than an unjust one. He starts by stating the downsides of living in an unjust community: distrust, lack of harmony, dissonance, violence, constraint and mayhem. Then he illustrates how a just society can be achieved, outlining exactly what it means to live justly. Socrates points out that there is a three-piece approach to creating a just community as he envisions for his ideal city-state, that of embracing the three aspects of justice; courage, temperament, and wisdom. Why justice is essential to a community is because it nurtures harmony and Works Cited Plato. Republic. Trans.C.D.C Reeves Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing, 2004. Print. Philosopher Plato and His ‘The Republic’ Essay

SEU Individual And Group Decision Making Questions

SEU Individual And Group Decision Making Questions.

This assignment is an individual assignment.Due date for Assignment 2 is by the end of Week 11 (14/11/2020).The Assignment must be submitted only in WORD format via allocated folder.Assignments submitted through email will not be accepted.Students are advised to make their work clear and well presented. This also includes filling your information on the cover page.Students must mention question number clearly in their answer.Late submission will NOT be accepted.Avoid plagiarism, the work should be in your own words, copying from students or other resources without proper referencing will result in ZERO marks. No exceptions. All answered must be typed using Times New Roman (size 12, double-spaced) font. No pictures containing text will be accepted and will be considered plagiarism).Please read the case “New York’s Subway System Is Crumbling” on Page number 277, Chapter 7 – “Individual & Group Decision Making”available in your textbook/e-textbook “Management: A Practical Approach” 9th edition by Kinicki, A., & Williams, B., and answer the following questions: Submissions without this cover page will NOT be accepted. Assignment Workload: This Assignment comprise of a short Case.Assignment is to be submitted by each student individually. Assignment Purposes/Learning Outcomes: After completion of Assignment-2 students will able to understand the LO 1. Identify and explain the concept of management, functions, roles and skills of a manager (Lo1.1) LO 6. Apply knowledge and function effectively on teamwork activities, management skills to create a development plan (Lo3.4) Assignment-2 Assignment Question(s):(Marks 5) What is the underlying problem in this case from NYCTA President Andy Byford’s perspective?(2marks)What barriers to decision making were prevalent before Byford’s arrival? Explain.(1.5 marks)Which Nonrational decision making model does Byford employ? How?(1.5 marks)
SEU Individual And Group Decision Making Questions