the articles, Bowling Alone: America’s Declining Social Capital and Still Bowling
Alone? The Post-9/11 Split from the Project Muse database
In your own words, describe
what is meant by the term “social capital.”
Examine the influences of
social connections and technology and civic engagement in academic and
Evaluate the significance of
social capital in the context of global citizenship and multicultural
Your initial post should be at least 250 words in
length. In addition to the assigned reading, support your answer with research
from at least one scholarly source, and properly cite any references.
social capital assignment
ALL WORK MUST BE ORIGINAL. NO PLAIGIARISM. USE RELIABLE REFERENCES FOR IN TEXT CITATIONS. QUESTION 1 Respond to at least three of the following questions in a minimum of 175 words: Identify one concept from the Build Your Proficiency diagnostic from Chapters 5 and 6 that you scored lowest in (evaluating consumer loan choices). How might this concept be important to your personal finances? Why would you want to know more about this? Your friend is hoping to buy a home in the next few years. What should your friend know about the process of finding and paying for a new home? Then consider what you learned in the Wk 3 Learning Path video, “Demonstration Problem Video 6.5: Calculating an Affordable Home Price” in WileyPLUS. How would your friend determine what is affordable? Knowing a credit score will be used in most credit decisions, what advice would you offer about how to build and maintain a positive credit history? The Five C’s may be used in major credit decisions. Which two do you think would be most important? Why? In the Wk 3 Learning Path, watch “Which is Better–Buying or Leasing a Car?” in WileyPLUS. Based on what you learned about car loans and leasing, which option would you choose for your next car? Why? QUESTION 2 REPLY TO TWO CLASSMATES AS TO WHAT THEY WROTE AS IT PERTAIN TO THE DISCUSSION QUESTION.
Purdue Global Buying a Home the Right Decision for Someone Who Has a Family Questions
The specific purposes of the projects are: 1. Apply to actual companies the knowledge and analytical techniques learned from our course. 2. Perform vertical and horizontal analysis and various ratio
Apply to actual companies the knowledge and analytical techniques learned from our course. 2. Perform vertical and horizontal analysis and various ratios on the financial statements. 3. Compare the calculated results with competitor and across different years. 4. Summarize the analyses and make investment recommendations. You will be analyzing the following firms: a. Chevron b. Exxon Mobile Firms Statements are attached
Biological Criminal Behavior Group Presentation, Psychology homework help
help me with my homework Biological Criminal Behavior Group Presentation, Psychology homework help.
Create a 10-12 slide Microsoft PowerPoint presentation discussing
the background of the case, specifically what type of crime was
committed, who were the chosen victims, where and how the crime(s) were
perpetrated, and the genetic or physiological evidence that supports the
notion that biology played a key role in explaining your chosen
offender’s criminality. ALSO-Research the
behaviors that constitute psychopathy. Discuss in detail the specific
behaviors demonstrated by the offender that align with behaviors
indicative of a psychopathic individual. Case examples include the
following: Jeffrey Dahmer, noted serial killer. Possible brain damage from childhood injuries. Include detailed speaker notes as well as pictures.
Biological Criminal Behavior Group Presentation, Psychology homework help
Performance Related Pay And Employee Rewards Management Essay
Performance Related Pay (PRP) has been defined by several scholars including Armstrong (2002:261) and CIPD (2009). They suggested that PRP is a method of remuneration that provides individuals with financial rewards in the form of increases to basic pay or cash bonuses which are linked to an assessment of performance, usually in relation to agreed objectives. This definition captures what performance related pay is all about. In order to understand how PRP works in practice in relation to theories, it is been analysed with the help of the current practices which are prevalent in the organisations of repute. The organisation mentioned here is Mc Donald’s which is also referred to as “McD”, which is a private sector fast food chain with 31,000 centres in 118 countries around the globe, McD uses performance related pay in order to motivate their staff, and also has different pay structures. The main aspects of performances related pay schemes have been identified as the nature of performance measures, assessment of the performance against fixed standards and how this is related to pay schemes (Kessler
After reviewing the reading attachments, as well as the below listed discussion articles, discuss/debate your position on which factors
After reviewing the reading attachments, as well as the below listed discussion articles, discuss/debate your position on which factors you feel play a greater role pertaining to middle-class delinquency and its relation to gangs. DISCUSSION ARTICLES: 1. Introduction: Subcultures “Sports carried me away from being in a gang or being associated with drugs. Sports was my way out.” – LeBron James Social control theory differs from other theories regarding criminology in that the focus is not on why individuals choose to act criminally but provides the reasons for their actions. It involves looking at how and why some choose behavior that tends to conform to the expectations of society and others choose not to conform to society’s expectations. Reflection of the above quote by LeBron James perhaps hints at the reason, not sports, but a subculture. You may be asking the question, “What is a subculture?” A formal explanation would be something like, a subculture is a subdivision within the dominant culture that has norms, beliefs, and values. Makes sense, right? Not really. Yes, it is that, but a subculture is a lot more. A subculture is about belonging and alliance building among peers within a larger group (like LeBron and sports). A subculture, as the name implies, is part of a bigger culture; it exists within a larger society, not apart from it. A subculture’s members are usually expected to have more loyalty to its members than others within the larger society – even if it means being unethical or criminal. In other words, those who subscribe to the values and beliefs of the subculture are expected to look out for each other’s welfare (have each other’s back, so to speak), no matter the consequence. Subcultures are typically described using various titles or terms that reflect an association to a larger society. For example, terms such as brotherhood, chapter, or sets are a few of the terms that are used. A subculture does not necessarily denote a criminal connotation; however, subcultures, criminal or not, do signify a discontinuity of sorts or a difference in the norms, beliefs, and values of the larger group. Another example would be in sports – there are typically a lot of elbows being thrown in the midst of “fighting” to get the ball in a basketball game. This is anticipated and expected by the players. It is not referred to as criminal as it is part of their subculture. However, throwing elbows to just get your way is not acceptable action in society, the greater culture. 2, Unspoken Alliance Now, let’s return our focus to subcultures within the realm of law enforcement and criminal activities. Did you know that a subculture may be created via unspoken alliances or expectations? In other words, there may be individuals within the larger group that gauge their loyalty to others in the group based solely on their membership to the group, thereby creating an unspoken subculture. An example may be a form of bias-based policing that occurs when a police officer stops another police officer for a traffic violation. Keep in mind that bias-based policing is illegal in most states and the federal government. Even if the two officers have never met before, an unspoken alliance may exist. This is especially true if the officer making the traffic stop subscribes to the belief or value that all police should have each other’s back no matter what. Use of their police discretion lets the other law enforcement officer (the driver) go without a citation based solely on their affiliation with law enforcement. This unspoken alliance is sometimes described as the police brotherhood, brotherhood of police, or the “blue wall.” Some police officers describe it as an unspoken bond between officers. Even though this subculture is not criminal, it is nevertheless a subculture. Those in law enforcement are part of a large group, the police, which in turn, are part of an even larger group, American society. As previously stated, a subculture is as the name implies, part of a bigger culture. It exists within a larger society, not apart from it. As in the example of police, those working in law enforcement in America are also citizens of the United States and they too are subject to the same laws as everyone else in the United States. Those in law enforcement exist within American society, not apart from it. 3. Criminal Subculture Now let’s look at those subcultures that are criminal. First, to have a better understanding of subcultures and the bonds formed, let’s take a brief look at subcultural theory as it relates to delinquency and crime. The first item that comes to mind usually when one thinks of delinquency and crime is youth gangs. However, were you aware that the correctional system helped the spread of gangs across the United States and helped contribute to their growing numbers? In the 1960s, the California correctional facilities were overrun with inmates associated with different gangs. This led to constant disruptions of gang violence in the facilities, making them extremely difficult to manage. The California Board of Corrections decided the best solution to the gang violence problem was to transfer the various gang leaders to other correctional facilities across the United States. While this did temporarily alleviate the gang violence problems in the California correctional system, it also had an unforeseen result. The gang leaders once transferred immediately began member recruitment and began to establish sets or chapters in the various states they were sent. In doing so, various gang locations and their membership numbers grew significantly across the nation. Okay, let’s get back on track by discussing subcultural theory as it relates to delinquency and crime. As mentioned earlier, subcultures speak to why individuals within a larger society or culture, not apart from the larger society or culture, band together (like in the above example of California gangs). Various theories have been formed as to why this occurs, especially about delinquent youth. If you take the time to read the different theories you may notice some common themes about economic influences and lower, middle, and upper-class status. Value systems come into play when looking at the types of behaviors displayed in subcultures. Studies have shown that in some delinquent youth subcultures, violence and the use of force is the norm and is not considered anti-social behavior. This type of value system is also found in inmate populations in correctional facilities. This occurs when there are little to no social control influences. The lack of social control influences may be observed in some poor inner-city neighborhoods across the United States. In such areas, children are exposed to poverty and cultural value systems favorable to crime, especially when youth role models are comprised of criminals associated with delinquent or adult gangs. These role models consist of gang members wearing expensive clothing, expensive jewelry, driving expensive automobiles, and flashing a lot of cash. Economically disadvantaged youth see these individuals and their criminal lifestyle as the only means to obtain status and acquire similar material wealth. 4. Delinquent Gang Other influences for youth to join a delinquent gang may include households, where one or both parents are rooted in the gang culture whereupon gang membership, becomes an expectation passed from parent to child. In some delinquent youth gang subcultures, a youth being sent to juvenile detention is considered a rite of passage to gang membership. Those youth join a delinquent gang for a sense of belonging, wishing to build social bonds. Other youths seek a means to achieve a sense of protection in that some inner-city neighborhoods are extremely violent and those who are not members of a gang may be victimized by gang members. This victimization is blamed on a lack of an active concerned external control structure (strong law enforcement presence) coupled with the lack of an active concerned strong internal control structure consisting of family, school, and other noncriminal social groups to provide the sense of belonging and protection sought. In review, subcultures exist within a larger society, not apart from it. A subculture’s members are usually expected to have loyalty to its members – having each other’s back no matter the consequences. Subcultures also emerge when people in similar circumstances find themselves isolated from the mainstream and band together for mutual support, such as a sense of belonging or a sense of protection in addition to social-economical influences and role models. Subcultures are typically described using titles such as brotherhood, chapter, or sets. Subcultures may or may not be criminal, but regardless, they do signify a discontinuity of the expected norms, beliefs, and values of the larger society. Also, a subculture is frequently created via spoken or unspoken alliances created within the larger society based on the self-interests of the subculture’s perceived benefits by its members. Lastly, social control theory involves looking at how a subculture develops and why it has particular characteristics. Social control theorists focus on the reason why an individual would choose a delinquent subculture, thereby leading to a broader understanding of criminals and criminal behaviors. References Adler, F., Mueller, G. O. W.,