Discussion 2: Becoming a Lifelong AdvocateIt is not enough to be compassionate. You must act.—Tenzin GyatsoAs this course comes to a close, consider and reflect on how you can become a lifelong advocate for social change in your future social work practice. As a motivated policy advocate and social worker, your actions in your chosen profession will reflect your motivation to help relatively powerless, disenfranchised groups of people improve their resources, their opportunities, and their quality of life.In this Discussion, you reflect upon your responsibility as a social worker, politically and professionally.By Day 4Post your thoughts on this question: As a social worker, what is your responsibility to engage in political action? Identify an area of social welfare where social work policy advocacy is needed.By Day 6Respond to a colleague with suggestions on how he or she can put his or her policy advocacy into action. Discuss which policy advocacy skills you can use as a social worker in all levels of practice.Colleague: Tamara The NASW Code of Ethics sets forth values, principles, and standards to guide social workers’ conduct (NASW, 2017). In my opinion, adhering to the values, principles, and standards are mandatory, not optional. As a social worker, it is my ethical duty to engage in political action with the purpose of seeking social justice for vulnerable populations; this is one of the NASW Code of Ethics’ core values. I am responsible for upholding these values and will do so with pride and joy.Identify an area of social welfare where social work policy advocacy is needed. One area of social welfare that will always require social work policy advocacy is child welfare. Child Protective Services social workers have always been referred to as “baby snatchers.” Within the last few years there have been changes in the North Carolina Child Welfare Policy that focus on reunifying the child(ren) with their parent(s). However, it has been inadequate. There has always been an issue with the process of removing and returning children back to the home. One of the biggest challenges child welfare workers face is the issue of time constraints due to large caseloads and state mand-dated time frames; this could partially explain why workers prefer to remove the child, place the child in foster care, and continue on to the next case. It’s unacceptable. Children are considered a vulnerable population. Therefore, social work policy advocacy is needed to address issues within the child welfare system to ensure the children’s best interests/needs are being met.Reference:Code of Ethics of the National Association of Social Workers (2017). Retrieved from https://www.socialworkers.org/About/Ethics/Code-of…
SNHU ?Becoming a Lifelong Advocate Role of Social Worker in Politics Discussion
Briefly respond to all the following questions. Make sure to explain and back up your responses with facts and examples.Start typing on page 2. This assignment should be written in APA format. Include three references or more references. Include three or more in-text citations. Write with clarity, check spelling and grammar. Recommend that you use Grammarly.Minimum of 600 words1. When should the architect begin the analysis?2. What are the activities the architect must execute?3. What is the set of knowledge domains applied to the analysis?4. What are the tips and tricks that make security architecture risk assessment easier?
The University of Texas at Arlington Security Architecture and Design Essay
Julia y Esteban están conversando en un restaurante venezolano, antes de pedir su comida. Completa el dialogo con las formas apropiadas de los verbos: servir o pedir.Esteban: Hoy hay un especial de tacos de pollo. Yo _________________ dos. ¿Y tú?Julia: ¿Este restaurante __________________ tacos de pescado?Esteban: Sí, son muy buenos.Question options:pido, sirvepedimos, sirvensirven, pido
Book Review Ghosts from the Nursery
Book Review Ghosts from the Nursery. Ghosts from the Nursery: Tracing the Roots of Violence written by Robin Karr-Morse and Meredith S. Wiley offers the reader an in-depth look at child abuse and neglect. Karr-Morse and Wiley (1997) discuss the effects of abuse and neglect, looking specifically at violence in children. The book follows a young man, 19 year old Jeffery, who is on death row for committing a murder when he was 16 years old. Jeffery serves as a beautiful case study for the authors and readers to analyze and apply theories to. By looking at Jeffery and other children who kill, Karr-Morse and Wiley(1997) begin to discover the truths about the delicate and important years of infancy and early childhood. The authors look at child development and behavior particularly from conception to age two. With development and behavior in mind, they investigate the effects that abuse and neglect have on children’s trust, empathy, conscience, and learning during these pivotal years. Throughout the journey of this book, the reader learns a plethora of interesting facts about human development and how it is influenced by abuse and neglect. Throughout the chapters the readers are also given an opportunity to see the implications of such behavior with real life cases and studies. By taking the time to read Ghosts from the Nursery, one will not only have a better understanding of infancy and early child development but also understand why negative experiences affect children as they do and what it means for society as a whole. Upon the completion of this text the reader will have an appreciation for quality parenting and know the devastating effects abuse and neglect have on children and its influence in creating violent children. Critique This text offers knowledgeable contributions to the reader’s understanding of infancy and early childhood abuse and neglect. Karr-Morse and Wiley (1997) do an excellent job of explaining why “the interaction of biological variables with environment variables results in pro-social or antisocial outcomes” (81). Examples of this interaction are presented in every chapter with different situations and scenarios. The reader will quickly deduct that this is the most important connection to make and that “children reflect what they have absorbed biologically and socially” (Karr-MorseBook Review Ghosts from the Nursery
The Introduction of VAT in UAE Research Paper
assignment helper Introduction Value Added Tax (VAT) is a form of tax imposed on the usage or consumption of goods, as well as services at each point of sale. As an indirect levy, VAT has been applied in more than 180 countries where end-consumers endure the cost. On behalf of the government, businesses gather and account for the tax. Unlike other countries, the UAE introduced VAT recently, specifically on January 1, 2018. It started levying a 5% tax on goods and services purchased by consumers as a way of implementing the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) initiative. The decision to introduce VAT in the UAE is primarily based on the need for collecting more revenue from diversified sources to facilitate the provision of high-standard public services. The UAE government aimed at minimizing its overdependence on the revenue gathered from oil and other hydrocarbons. Money collected would develop the economy through diverse sources of revenue. Nonetheless, as revealed in this paper, the introduction of the 5% VAT affects the spending patterns of consumers in the UAE since it indicates the potential rise in prices of goods and services among other implications. This paper finds it crucial to review the available literature on the VAT issue and its implications for consumer spending before discussing the findings in the context of the UAE and providing appropriate recommendations. Literature Review The Effect of VAT on Consumer Spending in the UAE Many scholars have explored the topic of VAT and its implications for consumer spending and businesses in general. Governments regard this indirect tax as an effective source of revenue. In the context of the UAE, VAT is a new taxation policy that has the potential of affecting the population’s spending habits. According to the UAE Government (2018), VAT establishment will target a majority of transactions involving goods and services while granting consumers a few exemptions. Hence, the introduction of the 5% VAT on some goods and services provided by businesses in the UAE will influence the spending habits of consumers in various dimensions. According to Saderuddin and Barghathi (2018), the addition of VAT on transactions that include consumer goods and services in the UAE will raise the cost of living considerably, regardless of exemptions made for particular items. This rise in living standards is already being felt in the UAE, despite VAT having been introduced a few months ago. Nonetheless, the cost of living is likely to affect high-income earners compared to those in the low-income category in the country since VAT is mostly applied to expensive particulars. In the article by Sadaqat (2018), following the implementation of VAT in the UAE, consumers have become more cautious when it comes to planning for their household items. Specifically, individuals have cut budget categories such as luxury items since they attract the 5% VAT, thus allocating more money on basic items, for instance, foodstuffs. The middle-class category of tax-payers has been hit by the introduction of the indirect levy on consumer goods and services since servicing vehicles and purchasing electronics and jewelry has become expensive. VAT has also changed the way the people in the UAE shop for foodstuffs among other essential products. According to Sadaqat (2018), the prices of groceries have escalated to the extent of influencing customers to spend more time comparing prices in hypermarkets. In a bid to encourage customers to acquire groceries, which are mostly perishable, retailers have adopted strategies such as VAT promotions and price fixes to meet customers’ needs and expectations (Saderuddin
EDSD 7075 Walden University Reflection Social Change & Lifelong Learning Summary
EDSD 7075 Walden University Reflection Social Change & Lifelong Learning Summary.
As with whole systems change and sustainability, continuous program evaluation is required to fulfill your commitment to improving the lives of all students. Although some of the evaluations you conduct may be informal, at the program level, the evaluation process is typically formal, can be quite complex, and must be formalized into a written plan. Data are gathered and collected from hundreds of students to compare their overall performance. Other factors include program costs, student and teacher input, and feasibility, just to name a few. Evaluations may also consist of comparing the effectiveness of two different instructional approaches. Here, data collection may consist of pre- and post-data from students and data collected from teachers to determine the effectiveness of each approach. Despite the type of evaluation, there is a formal written plan that is typically shared amongst stakeholders and used for curriculum planning and programming for students with exceptionalities. For this Assignment, you will evaluate your program’s effectiveness using Fullan’s Coherence Assessment Tool and reflect on what you have learned from this collaborative process. This is Part 5 of your Course Project and will further demonstrate your effectiveness of implementing the Coherence Framework. To Prepare: Review the Model of Sustainability in the McIntosh et al. article. Reflect on the four factors contributing to sustainability. Although it is not a requirement, you may wish to conduct a meeting with other leaders in the system and reflect on the components of the Coherence Framework to assist you in complete the tool. Use their responses and suggestions to assist in completing the assessment tool. Review and complete the Coherence Assessment Tool (Figure 6.2). Part 5: Reflection, Social Change, and Lifelong Learning Write a 4- to 6-page paper addressing the following: Complete the Coherence Assessment Tool (Figure 6.2) and include as an Appendix to your paper. Provide a 2- to 3-page analysis of your findings and the identified evidence that you reported on the tool, including the following: Briefly summarize how you are addressing the four components and the related 13 subcomponents. Please note: You do not need to address each component/subcomponent, just provide an overall summary. Describe how coherence is perceived at all levels of your organization and identify one area where perceptions are similar and one area where perceptions are different. Explain at least two strengths as well as two areas you believe are of greatest need to move toward continuous improvement and sustain whole systems change. Include a 2- to 3-page reflection on what you learned from this collaborative process of program evaluation, including the following: Identify at least two positive and two negative outcomes of program evaluation. Support these with evidence from research and professional experience. Explain how you, as a leader in special education, plan to improve positive program outcomes based on special education program evaluation and impact student learning. Include in your response how program evaluation can align with Walden’s Mission of creating positive social change. Describe the key elements you will need in the future to lead special education programs that are accountable and sustainable. Describe how you will stay current on evidence-based practices for program leadership, systems change, and program evaluation. Support you Assignment with specific references to all relevant, scholarly resources used in its preparation following APA guidelines. You are to provide a reference list for all resources, including those in the Resources for this course. Learning Resources Required Readings Fullan, M., & Quinn, J. (2016). Coherence: The right drivers in action for schools, districts, and systems. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin. Chapter 6, “Leading for Coherence” (pp. 127–138) ·
Coherence Assessment Tool (Figure 6.2) Peurach, D. J., Lenhoff, S. W., & Glazer, J. L. (2016). Large-scale high school reform through school improvement networks: Exploring possibilities for “Developmental Evaluation.” Teachers College Record, 118(13). Large-Scale High School Reform Through School Improvement Networks: Exploring Possibilities for “Developmental Evaluation” by Peurach, D.; Lenhoff, S.; Glazer, J., in Teachers College Record, Vol. 118/Issue 3. Copyright 2016 by Teachers College Record. Reprinted by permission of Teachers College Record via the Copyright Clearance Center. Coffey, J. H., & Horner, R. H. (2012). The sustainability of school-wide positive behavior interventions and supports. Exceptional Children, 78(4), 407-422. doi: 10.1177/001440291207800402 Hedegaard-Sorenson, L. & Tetler, S. (2016). Evaluating the Quality of Learning Environments and Teaching Practice in Special Schools. European Journal of Special Needs Education, 31(2), 264-278. DOI: 10.1080/08856257.2016.1141524 McIntosh, K., MacKay, L. D., Hume, A. E., Doolittle, J., Vincent, C. G., Horner, R. H., & Ervin, R. A.(2011). Development and initial validation of a measure to assess factors related to sustainability of school-wide positive behavior support. Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 13(4), 208–218. doi:10.1177/1098300710385348 Peurach, D. J., Glazer, J. L., Winchell Lenhoff, S. (2016). The developmental evaluation of school improvement networks. Educational Policy, 30(4), 606-648. doi:10.1177/0895904814557592 Fullan, M. (2015b). Change: Making it happen in your school and system. Retrieved from http://michaelfullan.ca/wp-content/uploads/2016/06/13-Change-Making-it-Happen.compressed.pdf Required Media Grand City Community Laureate Education (Producer) (2016a). The components of sustainability [Video file]. Baltimore, MD: Author. Go to the Grand City Community and click on Venues. Then go to School District Administration Offices and open and review the following scenario: The Components of Sustainability.
EDSD 7075 Walden University Reflection Social Change & Lifelong Learning Summary
Privatization of Education Term Paper
Introduction In some countries, education is not privatized, that is; all parents take their children to public schools irrespective of the parents’ social and economic status. There has therefore been a debate regarding whether public schools should be dismantled and replaced with a system in which parents are able to choose where to send their children to school. On one hand, it is argued that some form of school choice can force schools to compete for students and therefore improve the quality of education. On the other hand, there is the counter-argument that the dismantling of public schools exposes schools in poor communities to financial difficulties due to inadequate funding from governments. The debate has created two opposing sides namely the pro-school choice and the anti-school choice. This paper is a critical evaluation of the pro-school choice point of view. It is based on the economic models of monopoly and perfect competition. The paper looks at the advantages and disadvantages of allowing public schools to exercise monopoly in the education sector. Discussion One of the key pillars of development of any country is education. The reason is that through education, people are able to learn and acquire new skills, abilities, and knowledge in various disciplines such as law, medicine, engineering, economics, business, public administration among others. These skills and abilities enable the people to be employed in different sectors of the economy, which increases the gross domestic product of their country. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The ability of education to transform a country can be demonstrated by looking at the differences between countries with low literacy rates and those with high literacy rates. Countries with high literacy rates are better in terms of economic and social development than those with low literacy rates. Education is therefore one of the areas which governments must pay close attention to in order to realize sustainable development (Baez 12-21). In some countries, the provision of education is a role which is played by governments through public schools. One of the reasons is that governments are able to establish standard rules and regulations to ensure that children acquire high quality education. The other reason is that the education sector requires immense spending of funds in the establishment of the physical infrastructure, employment of teachers, and purchase of learning equipment. The advantage of allowing public schools to exercise monopoly in the education sector is that all children are able to access education irrespective of their social, economic, and cultural backgrounds. The reason is that governments usually provide funding to all public schools. The funding not only enhances equity in the access of education but also creates a level playing field for all children. In many countries, there are children who come from poor families which cannot afford to pay school fees. In situations where education is privatized, such children end up dropping out of school due to lack of school fees. As a result, the countries lose crucial human resources (Wolfe 43). We will write a custom Term Paper on Privatization of Education specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More As mentioned above, the provision of education is a role played by governments with the aim of ensuring that children acquire high quality and standardized education. However, according to the pro-school choice point of view, governments should not exercise full control of the education sector so as to avoid monopolization of the sector. In economics, monopoly refers to a situation in which a particular sector of the economy is dominated by a single firm or player such as the government or a corporation. The firm with monopoly usually dictates the price of goods and services by manipulating their supply. In many cases, monopolies are associated with exploitation of consumers due to lack of alternatives for the consumers. However, monopolies may not always exploit the consumers because governments may intervene and compel them to reduce the prices of goods and services. The pricing strategy in a monopoly is not depended on business rivals. The firm which dominates the market sets the price indiscriminately, and is usually at liberty to charge different prices for the same good or service to different customers, depending on their ability and willingness to pay. In an industry with a monopolistic structure, other small businesses are referred to as price takers. The reason is that they are not able to influence the price of goods and services because of the dominant player. As a result, they set their prices depending on the price set by the dominant player in the market. Those who deviate from the price set by the dominant player are forced to quit their businesses. Many monopolies are characterized by barriers to entry (Blythe 26). Such barriers include things like pricing, marketing, and branding. It therefore means for new entrants to enter a monopolistic industry, they must have huge capital. They also need to invest immensely in marketing their businesses so as to gain a portion of the customers. The reason is that the firms which enjoy monopoly usually invest immensely in branding, which makes it difficult for new entrants to get customers for their goods and services. Not sure if you can write a paper on Privatization of Education by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More According to the pro-school choice point of view, the disadvantage of allowing public schools to exercise monopoly in the education sector is that it leads to deterioration of the quality of education offered in many public schools. In addition, it denies parents the right to choose the type of education their children should acquire and in what type of institutions. It is important to mention that public schools usually offer standardized education to all children irrespective of their economic, social, cultural, and religious backgrounds. They do not customize education to the needs of different children. This situation denies the children the opportunity to learn according to their cultural, social, economic, and religious backgrounds. For example, children from certain religious backgrounds may need to learn their religion at school. However, many public schools do not teach religion because the children come from different religious orientations. As a result, the children acquire education which is not complete as opposed to those who learn in institutions which customize learning to the needs of the children. The other disadvantage of allowing public schools to exercise monopoly in the education sector is that it leads to a culture of complacency by the public schools. As a result, the public schools do not to anticipate challenges which may affect the sector. In other words, they are reactive instead of being proactive, a situation which leads to poor quality education. It is also important to mention that education is not static but it keeps on changing due to social, economic, political, and technological changes. For example, due to advancement in technology, some teachers use computerized methods of teaching such as PowerPoint presentations. The job market also keeps on changing in terms of the skills which are needed. For example, in the past few decades, proficiency in computer applications has been a requirement which all job seekers must meet before they are employed. If the public schools in a country do not take the initiative of continuously improving the quality of education, then the learners in that country are denied the right to acquire education which is compatible with the job market. When they complete their education, they are disadvantaged when seeking job opportunities because they usually lack essential skills which are needed by the employers. The central argument of the pro-school choice point of view is that education should not be regulated by governments. This argument is based on the economic model of perfect competition. According to this model, all competitive markets are depended on three components namely price, demand, and supply. In a perfect competition, the three components usually have a direct variation; meaning that a change in one component triggers significant changes in the others. In any market, there are different varieties of products and services. There are also different types of customers; some prefer low quality and cheap products and services while others prefer high quality products and services. As a service, education is affected by the forces of demand and supply. The reason is that different parents earn different amounts of income. There are low-income, middle-income, and high-income earners. The low-income earners take their children to community schools while the high-income earners take their children to national and international schools. As a result, there is need to privatize the education sector so that all parents are able to take their children to schools which they can afford. Forcing all parents to take their children to public schools therefore denies the children of high-income earners the right to acquire high quality education in their schools of choice (Morley 32-40). According to economic analysts, the privatization of education leads to economic growth of a country. The reason is that if education is privatized, local and international investors invest in the sector through establishment of private schools. The investors also employ qualified teachers and set up a favorable learning environment. They also undertake marketing campaigns to attract learners to their schools. Such investors are usually taxed by the government of the country and as a result, the government is able to generate revenue from the education sector as opposed to a situation where public schools exercise monopoly in the education sector (Bloom 3-10). In a perfect competition, all players strive to come up with strategies for gaining competitiveness in their respective industries. If education is privatized, investors in the sector usually invest heavily in differentiation and positioning. In the field of strategic management, the concept of differentiation refers to the process of making a product or a service popular among customers. It is achieved through description of the unique characteristics of the product or service being differentiated. The whole idea behind differentiation is to create a market niche for that particular product or service. When customers are made to understand the unique characteristics of different products and services, they are able to make informed decisions regarding different products and services. If done well, differentiation enables customers to purchase specific products or services in a market flooded with many varieties of products and services. Positioning entails using various strategies like promotion, distribution of products or services, and production of unique products to build an identity of a particular company in the minds of consumers. Positioning seeks to stabilize and retain the positions of the differentiated products for a particular company so as to retain the competitive advantage of the company in regard to those products. Through differentiation, investors in the education sector provide the learners with education depending on the fees which they pay. However, if the sector has many investors in a given country, the investors apply different strategies for ensuring that they attract learners to their institutions of learning. One of such strategies is the reduction of school fees. However, the reduction of school fees does not necessarily compromise the quality of education in the institutions of learning. The reason is that compromising the quality of education pushes the investors out of business due to stiff competition. As a result, all the private learning institutions end up providing high quality education at low costs so as to retain the learners and attract others. It can therefore be argued that the privatization of education not only improves the economy but it also improves the quality of education in a given country. This situation is not possible in countries where public schools exercise monopoly in the education sector. Perfect competition also compels organizations in a given industry to embrace innovative culture. Innovation refers to the ability to design, invent, and initiate new services or products. It can also refer to the ability to come up with new ways of doing things in an organization. The main driving force of innovation is creativity, which has to do with using one’s reasoning and thinking capabilities to conceptualize an idea before actualizing it. In the education sector, the privatization of education enables the investors in the sector to come up with ways of improving the quality of education so that their institutions become competitive. For instance, the advancement in information and communication technology has led to the emergence of innovative ideas such as virtual learning. Through virtual learning, learning institutions are able to provide education to learners who are not able to pay tuition fees due to financial challenges. In countries where the education sector is privatized, many people pursue their education while still working due to availability of the virtual mode of learning. The reason is that private schools treat the education sector as a business and are determined to do all what it takes to meet the needs of their customers (learners). They are also flexible as opposed to public schools which are managed using strict rules and regulations set by governments. The privatization of the education sector is also necessitated by globalization. Through globalization, people are able to work anywhere in the world irrespective of their cultural orientation. Globalization has also enabled people to study, marry, and stay in any part of the world. The privatization of the education sector therefore enables people from different countries to choose which schools to take their children. For example, many ambassadors and expatriate managers take their children to international schools in the countries where they work. Works Cited Baez, Benjamin. “Schools and the Public Good: Privatization, Democracy, Freedom, and Government.” Journal of Curriculum Theorizing 21. 2 (2005): 12-21. Print. Bloom, Jordan. “Privatization by Degree.” The American Conservative 11. 3 (2012): 3-10. Print. Blythe, Jim. Principles and Practice of Marketing, Farmington: Cengage Learning, 2006. Print. Morley, John. “For-Profit and Nonprofit Charter Schools: An Agency Costs Approach.” The Yale Law Journal 115. 7 (2006):32-40. Print. Wolfe, Alan. School Choice: The Moral Debate. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 2009. Print.