Investigating Graded Muscle Response to Increased Stimulus Intensity 1. Use your graph to answer and note that the dot in the graph turns red when you select that line in the table.
What is the minimal, or threshold, stimulus? 0V. 2. What is the maximal stimulus? 10V. 3. How can you explain the increase in force that you observe? he increase is how many volts went into the muscle. Activity 4: Investigating Treppe 1. What happens to force production with each subsequent stimulus? It gets higher.
Activity 5: Investigating Wave Summation 1. Is the peak force produced in the second contraction greater than that produced by the first stimulus? yes 2. Is the total force production even greater? yes. 3. In order to produce smooth, sustained muscle contraction at Active Force = 2 gms, do you think you will need to increase or decrease the voltage? State your hypothesis. decrease. 4.
Test your hypothesis.At what voltage were you able to achieve Active Force = 2 gms? 2V. 5. How does the frequency of stimulation affect the amount of force generated by the muscle? Hint: Compare the force generated from a single click and from rapidly clicking Single Stimulus several times. It gets greater with each time. Activity 6: Investigating Fusion Frequency / Tetanus 1. Describe the appearance of the tracing.
It gradually goes up also forming hills. 2. How do the tracings change as the stimulus rate is increased? it is steeper and then it gradually becomes consistent. 3.From your graph, estimate the stimulus rate above which there appears to be no significant increase in force. 3 stimuli / sec. 4.
What stimulus intensity produced smooth force at Force = 2 gms? 2. 5V. 5. Which intensity produced smooth contraction at Force = 3 gms? 3. 6V. 6. Explain what must happen to the intensity and frequency of the stimulus to achieve smooth contraction at different force levels.
the force much almost match the v required to achieve smooth contractions. Activity 7: Investigating Muscle Fatigue 1. Why does the force begin to decrease with time?Note that a decrease in force indicates muscle fatigue. Because there is not enough ATP being produced to allow the muscle to contract that many times and for the length of time. 2. The muscle will produce force for a longer period if the stimulator is briefly turned off than if the stimulations were allowed to continue without interruption. Explain why.
Because for the brief time that the stimulation is off the muscle can produce more ATP to supply the contractions with. 3. Describe the difference between the current tracing and the myogram generated in step 6.The current tracing does not dip as much but gradually decreases as the muscle fatigues. Activity 8: Investigating Isometric Contraction 1. What happens to the passive force as the muscle length is increased from 50mm to 100mm? The passive force increases. 2.
What happens to the active force as the muscle length is increased from 50mm to 100mm? The active force increases until 74-76 then starts to decrease again.
The writing assignments can be located here, please read instructions provided. Some
The writing assignments can be located here, please read instructions provided. Some assignments may require the previous one to be graded first (the pre writing) before continuing to the next. Please follow these guidelines as you encounter them.
Essay: Extended Definition
Prewriting: Literary Analysis
Essay: Literary Analysis
Prewriting: Comparison and Contrast
Essay: Comparison and Contrast
A Review of the Writing Process
1. Sam has chosen to create a scratch outline using short phrases and key words to identify his main points. Penny feels more comfortable creating a formal outline, using longer phrases and sentences and Romannumerals and letters to organize topics, subtopics, and supporting details. Who is using the correct outlinefor the purpose?
A. Neither Sam nor Penny
B. Only Sam
C. Only Penny
D. Both Sam and Penny
2. A thesis statement must be supported by
3. When Selena describes her brother George as “always fashionably late,” she is using a _______ as apolite way of saying he’s habitually not on time.
4. What assumption is the author of the following statement making?
With the police reporting an increase of violent crimes in the neighborhood, the only answer for concernedfamilies is to buy a gun.
A. The author assumes that families have been the victims of most crimes.
B. The author assumes that violent crimes are caused by guns.
C. The author assumes that the neighborhood is getting more dangerous
D. The author assumes that guns make families safer.
5. The topic sentence of each paragraph should support the
C. topic sentence of the following paragraph.
6. Which of the following sentences is a fact?
A. The museum’s impressive collection of quilts is its most striking feature.
B. The Richmond-based duo played the most exciting bluegrass music that festivalgoers had seen in years.
C. The Treaty of Versailles was signed on June 28, 1919, after six months of negotiations.
D. If the mayor allowed beer at the picnic area during the holiday weekend, it would set a dangerous precedent.
7. Which of the following is generally considered a function of the body of an essay?
A. Supporting and explaining the thesis
B. Identifying the narrowed topic
C. Generating interest in the topic
D. Providing background information
8. Which if the following is not an example of figurative language?
9. Definitions, historical background, statistics, and quotations are all examples of
10. Which of the following best describes all the elements that comprise a well-developed paragraph?
A. A topic sentence that rephrases the thesis statement, supporting details, and a restatement of the topic sentence
B. Descriptive language that appeals to the senses
C. General statements to be explained later in the body of the essay.
D. Examples, explanations, and/or details to flesh out ideas that support the topic sentence.
11. Which type of organization is most often used in narrative essays?
12. Reading your draft aloud, using peer review, and using a typed or printed copy are all examples of
A. points of view.
B. graphic organizers.
C. patterns of development.
D. useful techniques for revision.
13. The term _______ refers to the word choices, sentence patterns, and other stylistic elements thatexpress how an author feels about the topic about which he or she is writing.
14. The sentence, “Emptied of its furnishings, the room looked lonely and sad,” contains an example of
15.While revising her essay, Jacquie realizes that the topic sentence in some paragraphs doesn’t supporther thesis. What can she do to correct this?
A. Revise supporting sentences to ensure that the connection to the topic sentence is clear
B. Add transitions where needed
C. Revise her thesis to include all the points made by the different topic sentences
D. Write a new sentence that supports the thesis and states the main point of the paragraph
16. An implied thesis would most likely be found in which type of professional writing?
17. Which statement accurately describes the following passage?
(1) Without a doubt, democracy is the best form of government. (2) Originally developed in AncientGreece, democracy as a form of government drew worldwide attention after the American Revolutioncreated a democracy in place of the former British colonies. (3) The democratic system allows citizens totake part in the governing process, either by serving themselves or by electing people to represent them ingovernment. (4) As a result, democracies are more satisfying and fair than monarchies or communistsystems.
A. Sentences 1 and 4 are opinions.
B. Sentences 1 and 2 are opinions.
C. Sentences 2, 3, and 4 are facts.
D. Sentence 3 is a fact, and the rest are opinions.
End of exam
18. An overall statement about a situation, topic, or group that’s based on only one or two specificexamples is commonly referred to as
A. a generalization.
B. an omission.
C. an assumption.
19. Which of the following set of words represents the guidelines that help you select the types of evidencethat will best support your thesis?
A. Sufficient, abstract, valuable, rational, simple, and attractive
B. Relevant, specific, variety, sufficient, representative, and accurate
C. Summary, accessible, varied, reliable, sufficient, and readable
D. Sufficient, applicable, variable, reasonable, and specific
20. Marian argues that a conclusion should reinforce the thesis statement. Michael believes that theconclusion should follow logically from the introduction. Which one is correct?
A. Only Marian is correct.
B. Both Marian and Michael are correct.
C. Only Michael is correct.
D. Neither Marian nor Michael is correct.
Planning a Research Paper and Evaluating Sources
1. Preliminary reading of _______ can help you understand the scope of an assigned topic, as well asdiscover a range of manageable subtopics.
A. scholarly articles
B. trade journals
C. primary sources
D. reference works
2. Thelma’s working thesis is “Children raised permissively are more likely to be dependent, impulsedriven, and socially immature.” Her next step will probably be to
A. list research questions on her topic.
B. write an outline for her essay.
C. define several different styles of parenting.
D. offer a dictionary definition of permissiveness.
3. After choosing a topic that she finds both interesting and manageable, given the requirements of theassignment, Nancy’s next step will most likely be
A. narrowing and discovering ideas about her topic.
B. writing a working thesis.
C. creating a list of research questions.
D. choosing appropriate sources.
4. One way you can determine a source’s _______ is to ask yourself whether it’s appropriate for yourintended audience.
5. While assessing the relevance of a source for a paper on the “smartness” of smartphones, Raphaelknows he needs to consider whether it’s
6. Which of the following is an example of a secondary source?
A. A novel by Pearl S. Buck
B. A biography of Pearl S. Buck
C. An interview with Pearl S. Buck
D. Pearl S. Buck’s letters to her editor
7. The purpose of an assigned topic can often be determined by the _______ in the assignment’s
A. length specified
B. number of sources required
C. verbs used
D. variety of sources required
8. To strengthen your thesis, use sources to provide
A. denotative meaning.
B. preliminary conclusions.
C. connotative meaning.
D. specific details.
9. Eric and Heather are choosing a topic for their research paper. Eric will choose a topic that he knowscan be covered adequately in his five-page paper. Heather will choose a topic about a current news event.
Who is choosing a workable topic?
A. Only Heather
B. Both Eric and Heather
C. Only Eric
D. Neither Eric nor Heather
10. _______ articles and books are often reliable because they have undergone a meticulous process ofevaluation by other scholars in the same discipline.
A. Objectively reviewed
B. Favorably reviewed
C. Critically reviewed
11. The content of a source may be considered reliable if
A. it appears at the top of a list of a Google search.
B. it can be verified in other reliable sources.
C. the publication date of the source is recent.
D. it consist of text only.
12. While evaluating Internet sources, John questions the reliability of articles that contain
A. citations from primary sources.
B. highly charged, emotional language.
C. background information about the author.
D. charts, tables, or other visuals.
13. Which of the following works could serve as a secondary source for a research paper?
A. Letters from Birmingham Jail by Martin Luther King, Jr.
B. A Vision by William Butler Yeats
C. The Autobiography of Alice B. Toklas by Gertrude Stein
D. Isaac Newton: His Life and Times by Clarence Livermore
14. Pia wants to check the credentials of an author whose online article she’s considering using as a source.Where might she find that information?
A. Her school library’s database
B. The abstract at the beginning of the article
C. A link to the author’s biography
D. The most recent edition of a thesaurus
15. The author of a source may be considered reliable if he or she
A. bends facts to make a point.
B. summarizes facts without attribution or citation.
C. includes opposing views.
D. omits information that doesn’t fit his or her opinion.
16. In academic writing, why should you primarily rely on information from scholarly journals rather thanmagazines?
A. The primary purpose of many magazines is to entertain rather than educate.
B. Scholarly journals are more difficult to find, and therefore more valuable.
C. Authors in scholarly journals are generally specialists in their field.
D. Scholarly journals never include visuals.
17. To determine the purpose of a print publication he’s considering as a source for his research paper,Pierre should look for the _______ link on the publication’s website.
A. Home page
B. About Us
18. Which of the following types of readers are least likely to read articles in scholarly journals?
B. Other scholars
C. Other researchers
D. The general public
End of exam
19. An ancient king once asked three blind sages to identify a creature he called a pachyderm by examiningit with their hands. The first sage described the creature as a thick, wrinkled hose, possibly some kind ofserpent. The second sage said the creature was wide and flat, almost like a wall. The third sage reportedthat it was like a tree trunk with rough, wrinkled bark.
What aspect of determining an idea for an essay topic does the above fable illustrate?
A. Narrowing a topic to manageable proportions
B. Analyzing a topic from different perspectives
C. Gathering sources for research
D. Thinking outside the box
20. Prewriting can be helpful when trying to narrow a topic because it
A. can reveal an interesting angle that may become your thesis.
B. sorts good ideas from bad.
C. can usually be submitted as the final essay.
D. helps you eliminate ideas that would support your thesis.
Finding Sources, Taking Notes, and Synthesizing
1. Ask, Google, and Bing are all
A. newspaper websites.
B. search engines.
D. general reference sites.
2. Google’s advanced search options allow you to
A. request only reliable sources.
B. limit the results to a specific number.
C. completely bypass irrelevant results.
D. search for an exact phrase.
3. What is the difference between a bibliography and an annotated bibliography?
A. An annotated bibliography includes a brief summary of each source’s content and focus.
B. An annotated bibliography includes handwritten notes in the margins.
C. It’s easier and faster to complete an annotated bibliography.
D. An annotated bibliography doesn’t need to be in any special format.
4. Usenet is a central network offering access to thousands of
C. search engines.
5. When paraphrasing, it’s
A. essential to replace every word used by the original source author.
B. occasionally acceptable to use some common terms found in the original source.
C. a good practice to write your paraphrase first and then read the original for comparison.
D. perfectly acceptable to duplicate the original source author’s sentence patterns and structures without citation.
6. When deciding to search an online library catalog or a search en
A. domain extensions
7. You need to search a general periodical database for research on your topic. Which of the followingwould be most suitable?
A. CQ Electronic Library
B. Academic Search Complete
8. Which of the following statements about paraphrasing is true?
A. Paraphrasing is like summarizing; it’s fine to eliminate details.
B. Ideas should be condensed, just as in a summary.
C. The author’s intended meaning is preserved.
D. The paraphrase should duplicate the source author’s sentence structure.
9. Which of the following statements most accurately reflects the distinction between plagiarism andparaphrasing?
A. If you replace most of the source author’s words but maintain the sentence structure and the order in which he or she presentsideas, it’s plagiarism.
B. Using direct quotation instead of paraphrasing the author’s words is always considered plagiarism.
C. Even if you refer to the original author or source, modify the sentence structure, and use synonyms, it’s still plagiarism, becausethe idea is not your own.
D. Even if the sentence structure or presentation of ideas is rearranged, using common words found in the source material is still
10. Synthesizing sources often involves
A. eliminating lines of reasoning that contradict one another.
B. brainstorming euphemisms for ideas that might make your audience uncomfortable.
C. systematically discarding material that doesn’t support your thesis.
D. comparing and contrasting the assumptions and generalizations offered by different sources.
11. Which of the following is an acceptable reason for not including certain sources in your final paper?
A. The source doesn’t offer relevant information on the topic.
B. You’d have to modify your working thesis to accommodate the facts or ideas you discovered.
C. The source is a long, direct quotation.
D. Some sources contradict the claims of others.
12. Gilbert insists that summary notes should be limited to the dominant impression of a source. Aliceargues that summary notes should preserve the order of ideas as they appeared in the original source.Gwen says that the purpose of summary notes is to reflect the relevant main points of the source. Anthonybelieves that summary notes should be written in order of relevance to his thesis. Who is correct?
A. Both Gwen and Gilbert are correct.
B. None of the students are correct.
C. Both Gwen and Alice are correct.
D. Both Gilbert and Anthony are correct.
13. Which of the following would not be considered a purpose in conducting research?
A. Considering multiple perspectives
B. Paraphrasing sources
C. Gradually arriving at your thesis
D. Exploring a topic
14. EBSCO and LexisNexis are two common
A. library catalog services.
B. database vendors.
C. citation managers.
D. reference managers.
15. Book Review, Digest Plus, Dissertation Abstracts, and Pysc Articles are all examples of
B. specialized databases.
C. scholarly journals.
D. general references.
16. You would like to find the most recent information on a news topic for an essay you’re writing. Whichof the following websites would be the most suitable site for you to consult?
A. Encyclopedia Smithsonian
B. Britannica Online
C. CNN Interactive
17. Oscar is researching a paper on unemployment trends over the last several years. Which of thefollowing government websites is he most likely to visit first?
18. Part of the process of researching sources involves
A. using all the information you found, even if it makes your paper longer than the assigned length.
B. disregarding source material that might require you to revise your working thesis.
C. evaluating the material you discovered in terms of the research questions you’d originally formulated.
D. evaluating the different ways you can paraphrase the source material so that the ideas appear to be your own.
End of exam
19. Interviewing, surveying, and observing are all methods of
A. MLA formatting.
B. conducting field research.
C. patterns of development.
D. analyzing sources.
20. Of the following, which system of note-taking would be the most appropriate to use while doingresearch for a paper?
A. Making a notecard for each source
B. Memorizing information for each source
C. Highlighting all unfamiliar terms within each source
D. Copying and pasting source text to use, without citation, within the final paper
Using Sources Quiz
1. What is the first step in planning a research paper?
A. Choosing a topic
B. Listing research questions
C. Understanding the assignment
2. An assumption is
A. a synthesis of verifiable facts formulated as a general statement.
B. a generalization or idea that is accepted as true without question.
C. a generalization based on fact.
D. simply a synonym for “generalization.”
3. One common method of integrating source material into the text of your paper is to use _______ toreference the author’s name and relevant background information.
B. direct quotation
C. summary phrases
D. signal phrases
4. Which of the following is the most reliable in fin
A. provide transitions between your own ideas.
B. demonstrate that you’ve discovered interesting facts, even if they don’t support your thesis.
C. summarize what others have written about the subject.
D. emphasize or illustrate your own ideas.
7. A _______ source is almost always reliable.
B. strongly opinionated
D. popular magazine
8. Information obtained from sources should
A. take place of a thesis statement.
B. add to the word count.
C. support your main points.
D. entertain the audience.
9. An effective summary
A. should always include specific examples and direct quotations.
B. does not require citation.
C. reorders ideas presented in the original source.
D. condenses the details of the source material.
10. What does it mean to choose a manageable topic?
A. To do more research on a topic
B. To choose a topic you can cover sufficiently
C. To choose the most interesting topic
D. To decrease your word count
11. Which of the following is not an important part of in-text documentation?
A. Using quotation marks for direct quotes
B. Parenthetically citing the source
C. Giving background information on the author
D. Introducing the source information
12. Direct quotation should be used only to
A. verify common knowledge.
B. analyze and explain your ideas.
C. provide the actual statement of an expert on the topic.
D. prove you did research.
13. As you take notes about your sources, it’s important to record only information that
A. affirms your thesis statement.
B. reflects facts rather than opinions or experience.
C. captures the exact wording of the source author.
D. relates to your topic and purpose.
14. At the end of your research paper, you must always include
A. a paraphrase summary.
B. a Works Cited page.
C. an in-text citation summary.
D. an annotated bibliography.
15. Which of the following is a disadvantage of using online sources compared to print sources?
A. Anyone can modify the contents of an online source.
B. Authorship is rarely provided.
C. The quality of the content varies wildly and isn’t always screened by publishers.
D. Online sources are extremely difficult to cite.
16. Which of the following best describes paraphrasing?
A. Directly quoting the author
B. Restating the author’s ideas in your own words
C. Plagiarizing the author
D. Summarizing an author’s ideas
17. Which of the following does not need to be cited in an essay?
B. Your own original ideas
C. Direct quote
18. Use direct quotations when
A. you cannot find other evidence or examples.
B. the source material cannot be effectively paraphrased.
C. it provides an interesting contrast to your main point.
D. you want to prove that you’ve done your research.
19. Which of the following questions would you ask to determine whether or not a source is relevant?
A. Does the author have a website?
B. Do I find the source interesting or enjoyable?
C. Is the source recent or up to date?
D. Is it an online or a print source?
20. When should a cited source in an essay be included in the Works Cited page?
B. It depends on the source.
C. Only for direct quotes
End of exam
Drafting, Revising, and Formatting a Research Paper
1. What should you do if you can’t find all the needed elements for an MLA citation of an Internet source?
A. Omit a citation for the source.
B. Make up the missing information.
C. List the information that you do find in the normal order and format.
D. Contact the website to get the missing information.
2. If you’re writing a paper for a social sciences class, which type of documentation format are you mostlikely to use when formatting your paper?
3. Which of the following sentences containing a quotation is punctuated correctly?
A. The mechanic asked “have you had the oil changed in your car this year?”
B. The mechanic asked, “Have you had the oil changed in your car this year?”
C. The mechanic asked me “Have you had the oil changed in your car this year”?
D. The mechanics asked me, “have you had the oil changed in your car this year”?
4. A serious error that occurs when you present the ideas of others as your own is called
5. Which of the following is a true statement about an MLA Works Cited page?
A. The Works Cited page should immediately follow the conclusion and be on the same page.
B. The Works Cited page should be alphabetized by author’s name.
C. The Works Cited page requires no special formatting.
D. The Works Cited page should contain any information you found when completing research.
6. In most research papers, the thesis is located in the introduction; however
near the end of the paper if
A. your paper analyzes a problem to reach a conclusion.
B. you wish to create suspense.
C. your paper emphasizes comparison and contrast.
D. you wish to illustrate cause and effect.
7. When a block quotation is used in a research paper, punctuation _______ the parenthetical citation.
A. is omitted from
B. is included within
8. Which of the following approaches to organizing your notes would you use if you’d recorded them incomputer files?
A. Copy and paste notes into outline format
B. Print them out and cut and paste them to index cards
C. Copy and paste notes into folders by subtopic
D. Print them out and put them in manila folders labeled by subtopic
9. When you emphasize words in a quotation by underlining or italicizing them, you must note it by
A. inserting an endnote.
B. writing [sic].
C. inserting a footnote.
D. writing (emphasis added).
10. You’re including a long quotation in a research paper. According to MLA style guidelines, you shouldindent the quotation if the quote is more than
A. twenty words.
B. forty words.
C. four lines of typed prose.
D. two lines of poetry.
11. Of the following, which is the most important thing to consider when analyzing and revising anacademic paper?
A. The paper contains many large words.
B. The thesis is clear and that the main points support that thesis.
C. The opinion is clearly highlighted with emphatic, emotional statements.
D. The paper will be entertaining for the instructor to read.
12. The MLA format for citing an article in a periodical has six parts, beginning with the author’s name.What appears in the third position?
A. Date or volume issue
B. Article title
C. Page numbers
D. Periodical title
13. When revising your paper, what does your textbook recommend for marking ideas that were derivedfrom outside sources?
A. Circling each idea
B. Enclosing each idea in brackets
C. Drawing a box around each idea
D. Placing a checkmark beside each idea
14. The MLA format for citing an entire website includes all of the following except
A. an article title.
C. electronic publication information.
D. access date.
15. Advocates, contends, points out, and states are all examples of
A. calls to action.
C. signal phrase attributions.
D. helping verbs.
16. Using the third-person point of view for a research paper
A. allows you to easily switch to a different point of view.
B. limits your credibility.
C. allows you to seem more objective in your writing.
D. keeps your writing simple.
17. When is the appropriate time to incorporate in-text citations for your sources into your paper?
A. Only when revising your paper
B. After you’ve completed your first draft
C. While drafting it
D. Before you create your first draft
18. Use the MLA citation guidelines for citing Internet sources to answer the question that follows.
Hogan, Marc. “Live Transmission.” Pitch fork. Pitchfork Media Inc., 7 Feb. 2001. Web. 3 Mar. 2001.
On what date was this source published in print?
A. February 7, 2001
B. March 3, 2001
C. February 3, 2001
D. March 7, 2001
End of exam
19. According to the rules of MLA format, when citing an Internet source, the access date portion of thecitation refers to
A. the date the article was most recently updated, if applicable.
B. the date you accessed the document.
C. the date the article was published on the Internet.
D. the date in which the article was made publically accessible.
20. Which of the following would require documentation in an academic research paper?
A. A map of Brooklyn, NY, found in an atlas
B. A photograph you took from your family reunion
C. An observation you made while on a field trip to a zoo
D. A statement regarding Thomas Jefferson being the third President of the United States
Figurative Language: Analyzing Poetry
1. What type of rhyme do the following lines from a Shakespeare sonnet illustrate?
So long as men can breathe and eyes can see,
So long lives this, and this gives life to thee.
A. Vowel rhyme
B. Near rhyme
C. Split rhyme
D. End rhyme
2. “Chaos is a friend of mine” is an example of
3. Theme refers to
A. something that represents an idea or quality.
B. the central or main point being made by the writer.
C. the plot of a story.
D. the topic of a piece of literary work.
4. Which of the following statements about symbolism is true?
A. Characters can symbolize ideas.
B. Symbols only suggest a single meaning.
C. Symbols are easily recognized by their lack of emphasis within the work.
D. Symbols point the reader to concrete ideas.
5. The term _______ refers to a type of rhyme that occurs within a line or sentence.
A. internal rhyme
B. end rhyme
C. near rhyme
D. mono rhyme
6. Poets express ideas using concise language in order to
A. introduce plot and characters in vivid detail.
B. introduce unfamiliar references to make the reader think.
C. make full use of different rhyme schemes.
D. evoke images, feelings, and connect with the senses.
7. A list of sources consulted during research, which includes a summary of the source’s content, is calleda/an
B. annotated bibliography.
C. Works Cited page.
D. in-text citation.
8. When writing a literary analysis, you need to include;
A. evidence from outside sources.
B. a theme and a setting.
C. a poetic, personal tone.
D. figurative language.
9. Which is an example of metaphor?
A. “All the world’s a stage.”
B. “The dish ran away with the spoon.”
C. “Nature’s first green is gold.”
D. “Kate inched over her own thoughts like a measuring worm.”
10. Language that makes sense creatively or imaginatively, but not literally, is referred to as
11. Poets often use indirect references, commonly known as
12. Which of the following is an example of irony?
A. Rain on your wedding day
B. A racecar driver being pulled over for speeding
C. Winning a poker game after a losing streak
D. A firehouse burning down
13. A consonant rhyme occurs when
A. words within a line or sentence rhyme.
B. the consonant sounds repeat.
C. a word rhymes with its homonym.
D. the last words of each line rhyme.
14. Personification is a type of figurative language that
A. attributes human traits to non-humans, ideas, or objects.
B. compares one subject to another subject.
C. shows a character impersonating another character.
D. transforms humans into animals, ideas, or objects.
15. Rhymes in which both vowel and consonant sounds rhyme exactly are called _______ rhymes.
16. Which of the following best describes an assonant rhyme?
A. The vowel sounds repeat.
B. The last syllable of each line rhymes.
C. Words don’t perfectly rhyme.
D. The consonant sounds repeat.
17. _______ uses word and phrases to signify the opposite of what is expected.
18. Which of the following best describes alliteration?
A. The repetition of the initial sound in a series of words
B. The repetition of the last word in each line of poetry
C. When the sound of a word is similar to the sound the word represents
D. When a word is rearranged and becomes a new word
19. An imperfect rhyme can also be called a/an _______ rhyme.
End of exam
20. Which of the following is not a characteristic of literary analysis?
A. Makes a point about one or more elements of a literary work
B. Reports and summarizes the plot of a literary work
C. Includes evidence from literary work to support analysis
D. Assumes the audience is somewhat familiar with a literary work
Using Comparison and Contrast: Analyzing a Novel
1. Comparison and contrast
A. reveals a topic’s essential characteristics and makes abstract ideas concrete.
B. looks at the similarities and differences between two subjects.
C. examines the relationship between causes and effects.
D. presents a detailed account of an event or series of events.
2. Point-by-point organization tends to keep the reader focused on
A. both subjects separately.
B. both subjects simultaneously.
C. one subject, only using the second subject for contrast.
D. neither individual subject, but rather an abstract idea using both subjects as an example.
3. Which of the following best describes setting?
A. What happens in the story
B. The time and place of a story
C. The climax of a story
D. The introduction of the story
4. Why is it important to think critically about the narrator?
A. The narrator represents the connections between all the other characters in the novel.
B. The narrator is essentially another character to think about or to analyze.
C. The narrator represents the target readers’ biases and opinions.
D. The narrator always reflects the author’s bias, and opinions.
B. The theme
C. A character
D. The setting
7. The “high mark” of any novel is the
8. In subject-by-subject organization
A. the same points are discussed for both subjects
B. transitions aren’t required when moving from one subject to another.
C. different points are considered for each subject.
D. both subjects are discussed simultaneously.
9. Which method of organization is preferable for complicated or technical subjects?
B. Points of comparison
D. Basis of comparison
10. Another way to describe “conflict” is
A. the climax of the story.
B. the resolution of the climax.
C. the problem within the story.
D. the development of the plot.
11. A first-person narrator
A. knows the thoughts and motives of all of the characters of the story.
B. reports on actions that can be observed from the outside.
C. tells the story as he or she experiences it.
D. has no role in the story.
12. When analyzing a novel, it’s critical to use _______ to support your interpretation.
C. figurative language
13. In a point-by-point, it’s best to
A. examine multiple points in the same paragraph.
B. keep subjects that share a characteristic separate.
C. use a different order to discuss subjects for each point.
D. start with the clearest, simplest points.
14. Analyzing the title of a story can help someone discover the
A. main character’s name.
B. figurative language used within the story.
D. story’s theme.
15. Point-by-point organization is a method in which the writer
A. moves back and forth between his two subjects.
B. describes each subject individually.
C. tells a personal story about each subject.
D. creates a pros and cons list.
16. The central or dominant idea of a novel is known as
A. the perspective.
B. the plot.
C. the theme.
D. the thesis.
17. The characteristics relating to the basis of comparison are referred to as
B. points of contrast.
D. points of comparison.
18. Which of the following is not a purpose for compare/contrast essays?
A. To advertise
B. To express ideas
C. To inform
D. To persuade
19. Which of the following is least likely to help uncover a novel’s theme?
A. A shift in a third person narrator’s bias.
B. Symbols, figures of speech, and meaningful names
C. The title
D. Whether and how the characters change
20. A/an _______ narrator knows everything about everyone in the novel.
End of exam