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Significance Of The Bolshevik Revolution

Significance Of The Bolshevik Revolution. The Bolshevik Revolution can be seen nothing less than a turning point in Russian history. The failings of the provisional government increased the support to the revolutionary soviets promising an end to the war and an answer to famine. With so many soviets offering the similar promises, the seizure and consolidation of power by the Bolshevik party had to be swift, resulting in implementing extreme policies to eliminate the opposition and to consolidate power. This had resulted in the ending of the Russian dynasty, peace by any means and severe hunger throughout Russia from war communism, during the civil war which I will attempt to address throughout this essay. It can be said, that the Bolshevik Revolution would never have gone the way it did without Lenin or Trotsky. Trotsky has said, ‘If neither Lenin nor I had been present, there would have been no October Revolution: the leadership of the Bolshevik party would have prevented it from occurring.'[1] As a result, Lenin’s initial policies to consolidate power attempted to reform Russia into a Socialist country as quickly as possible. Policies were created to fulfil the promises made before the Revolution by enforcing the abolishment of titles and classes, the church, army ranks and introduced shorter working days. However, historian Lionel Kochan argued that although Lenin, ‘had fulfilled his promises of peace and land, his third promise, bread had yet to be achieved'[2] causing means to be criticised. He also argues that the, ‘conditions were so chaotic at the time that many of these measures had no effect at all'[3] devaluing Lenin’s role. Lenin had introduced centralisation. It is viewed as the most important factor for consolidating power after the Bolshevik Revolution, by historian, Rick B.A. Wise, ‘the centralisation in power couples with the building of a strong army, was largely responsible for the Bolsheviks’ success'[4] suggesting that centralisation was a contributing factor to the success of the Revolution. Arguably, the greatest factor why people had supported the Bolsheviks rather any other soviet was their promise to end the war, which the provisional government had failed to do. Lenin had kept his promise to the people, ‘peace at any price'[5] by signing the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk. The treaty was a demanding loss to the Russian people, resulting in the loss of a quarter of Russia’s territory, one third of its people and half of its industry including the iron and coal rich mines. Kochan also argues that, ‘the eventual peace treaty was one of the most ruthless in the world.'[6] Although inevitably, this allowed the Bolsheviks necessary time to focus on consolidating power. By November 1917, opposition parties had declared war against Lenin’s Bolsheviks. Evan Mawdsley argued that ‘both the Civil War and Stalinism were likely consequences of the seizure of power'[7] and that ‘the costs of the Civil War were the costs of the Revolution.'[8] World War one and the Civil War had left Russia’s agriculture devastated and its industry, stagnant. Lenin had introduced War Communism to centralise all areas of production and distribution as a response, but at the harsh treatment of the peasants. This had resulted in wide spread famine in 1921 where soviet records estimate five million peasants had died as a result. As Lenin began to consolidate more power, he introduced a new policy, ‘Red Terror’. This sought to capture all counter-revolutionaries and imprison them in concentration camps in Siberia. This policy had resulted in the execution of the Romanov family to destroy all links to the old regime. J.N. Westwood argues that, ‘probably in 1923 the unpopularity of the government was great as two years earlier, the workers were still underpaid, underfed and underproductive, while the peasants had never forgotten their treatment under War Communism. In both town and country there was a feeling that every Communist was a little tsar.'[9] The Bolsheviks efforts to win the Civil War were an attempt to consolidate power rather address the needs and treatment of the Russian people through War Communism. Although, Mawdsley seemingly disagrees, saying the exploiting of the Russian people worked in the long run, ‘the Bolsheviks readiness to use extreme methods against their enemies was an important element n their keeping control of central Russia – at a time when their political base was small and they had little to give to the people.'[10] Wise also agreed with Mawdsley that despite the use of War Communism and centralisation of industry, the Bolsheviks still had control, ‘perhaps the peasants did not live for the soviets, but they fought for them as their guarantee of their gains from the Bolshevik Revolution.'[11] Although, the Red Terror had been used to consolidate the gains from the Bolshevik Revolution, it had created an opportunity that the opposition could use to criticize the ways of the Lenin. The crippling effects of War Communism on Russia resulted in the unsuccessful Kronstadt Mutiny in 1921. In response, Lenin had created the New Economic Policy in an attempt to save Russia from famine and poverty and to encourage economic growth. The New Economic Policy ‘represented a retreat from the Bolshevik policy of state control of the economy to a mixed economy where some private ownership was allowed to exist alongside state control.'[12] The introduction of the New Economic Policy showed how the Bolshevik party was willing to change to counter each problem faced. In retrospect the Bolshevik party wasn’t the same Party as it was during October 1917, encouraging mass criticism towards the Lenin as some peasants got richer than others creating an imbalance in industry and agriculture, creating ‘Scissor Prices’, which presented opposition from traditional socialists within Lenin’s own Party. The Bolshevik’s had used War Communism to centralize industrialisation and agriculture to consolidate power during the Civil War. Helene Carreve D’Encausse argues that War Communism was in fact more of a sign of anti socialism than the New Economic Policy, ‘War Communism thus led to a rejection of communism, strengthening the argument that Lenin’s economic policies sacrificed the Party’s original ideologies.'[14] Although, not all historians agree with the view that the New Economic Policy was as destructive to the Communist regime as it had globally helped to encourage investment in Russia from Western countries for the first time, ‘the great European powers gave recognition only to the Soviet government trade relations. This subsequently followed by the recognition by almost every country except the United States.'[13] The significance of the Bolshevik Revolution has been summarised by Robert V. Daniels, who states, ‘A host of other circumstances and political events helped shape the Bolshevik regime from this time on – the Civil War, the death of Lenin, the challenge of industrialisation, the threat of foreign enemies and above all the rise to power of Joseph Stalin, who accomplished a new ‘revolution from above’ more far-reaching than the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917.'[15] To conclude, the Bolshevik Revolution ensured there was a Lenin led Bolshevik government ruling Russia. The policies made by Lenin were becoming more extreme, as consolidating power was progressively becoming harder, due to the Civil War and growing unrest caused by Lenin’s own short term policies, causing tensions within the Ruling Party. It is clear to see, that Lenin’s actions were taken to consolidate power, in response to each opposition force that tried to challenge Bolshevik rule. This is predominately, the biggest short term significance of the Bolshevik Revolution. Significance Of The Bolshevik Revolution
EEC Capital Budgeting Decisions & Decision-making Process Case Study.

The President of EEC recently called a meeting to announce that one of the firm’s largest suppliers of component parts has approached EEC about a possible purchase of the supplier. The President has requested that you and your staff analyze the feasibility of acquiring this supplier. Discuss the following:What information is needed to analyze this investment opportunity? What will be your decision-making process? All future costs are relevant in decision making. Do you agree? Why? Capital budgeting decisions fall into 2 broad categories: screening decisions and preference decisions. Discuss this. Which do you think EEC should use—screening decisions or preference decisions? Why?
EEC Capital Budgeting Decisions & Decision-making Process Case Study

hi math statistics questions

hi math statistics questions.

here are the questions some may contain writing1. In your own words, interpret the data and note the shape of the distribution of the data provided from Case Study: Highest Paid Women(Chapter 2, p. 35). To help guide your interpretation, include the following:· frequency distribution table· stem and leaf plot· histogram· sample mean and median· sample standard deviation.You must calculate results by hand (though you may use any technology of your choice to verify your answers2. When preparing your assignment, please identify each answer clearly by question and its number.· Case Study: Texas Hold’em (p. 209): Answer a, b, c, d, e, f, g. You must calculate results by hand (though you may use any technology of your choice to verify your answers).3. When preparing your assignment, please identify each answer clearly by question and its number.· Case Study: Chest Sizes of Scottish Militiamen (p.295): Answer a, b, c, d. You must calculate results by hand (though you may use any technology of your choice to verify your answers).9. When preparing your assignment, please identify each answer clearly by question and its number.4. Case Study: The “Chip Ahoy! 1,000 Chips Challenge (p. 357): Answer a, b, c, e (NOT d, but you should read Question d as it gives you hints to solve Question e). You must calculate results by hand (though you may use any technology of your choice to verify your answers).5. Written assignment· Focusing on Data Analysis: Using the data from Chapter 1: UWEC Undergraduates (pp. 30–31), and answer questions a, b, c, d, e, f, g (UWEC Undergraduates, p. 666). You must calculate results by hand (though you may use any technology of your choice to verify your answers).Click to download the Focus Sample Excel file. (Note: After you click the link it opens the preview and you have to click File – Download to save it as an Excel file.)6. Microeconomics .The essay consists of a question made up of several different parts. You will perform research on the required topics and provide your analysis. It will primarily encompass subject matter from the latter half of the course but will require understanding of the material from the first half.7. Statistics is about more than calculations. It is about turning data into information and using this information to understand the population. A statistician will be asked to help solve real-world problems by designing a study, collecting data, analyzing the data, and writing up the results. As a essay, you will be asked to do something similar. Though the design and data collection will be done for you, you will be asked to analyze the data using the appropriate tests (ensuring the data are distributed normally) and write up the results, using statistical evidence to support your findings. Lastly, you will be asked to include recommendations, that is, apply the results to solve the real world problem.In your paper, explain why you chose each statistical test, figure, or procedure.The ProblemDue to financial hardship, the Nyke Shoe Company feels they only need to make one size of shoes, regardless of gender or height. They have collected data on gender, shoe size, and height and have asked you to tell them if they can change their business model to include only one size of shoes—regardless of height or gender of the wearer. In no more than 5–10 pages (including figures), explain your recommendations, using statistical evidence to support your findings. The data found are given in the following table. 
hi math statistics questions

Discussion board for my HRS farming class

online dissertation writing Discussion board for my HRS farming class. I need help with a Writing question. All explanations and answers will be used to help me learn.

1. Read Berry’s essay on the Agragrians and Conservationists, and the Pleasures of Eating, as well as the PPT summaries at the start of this Module. Choose one piece to respond to in at least 8 lines.
2. Read the introductory materials and myths of Inanna in the PDF above, especially, the sacred wedding with Dumuzi, Inanna’s descent into the underworld, the Huluppu tree tale, and master list of realms or attributes (holy me) of the goddess which she uses to found the city of Uruk. Pay particular attention as you read to overt and covert agricultural motifs. Choose a myth to focus on and perform your own analysis (in at least 8 lines) of the agricultural significance of the goddess Inanna/Ishtar. Then reply to one peers with at least four lines each.
You can look up the readings.

thanks.
Discussion board for my HRS farming class

The Use of the Cell Phone While Driving Essay

Popular culture is the sum of a society’s actions, beliefs, traditions, and other such similar engagements that define a given society and its people. Although sometimes is described as an expression of the people occupying the lower classes of a society, as opposed to those occupying the higher classes, popular culture effectively encompasses a society’s wholesome activities and expressions. Since the turn of the 21st century, the use of cell phones has increased tremendously all over the world, and more specifically in the United States. Unfortunately, the use of the cell phone while driving has also increased, posing a danger both for the driver and other road users. Currently, the use of cell phones for reading or writing text messages while driving causes a significant number of road accidents in the US, leaving victims emotionally traumatised, maimed and even dead. Insurance claims arising, and healthcare needs for these victims puts unnecessary and avoidable strain on the economy. Currently, nearly half of the states in the US have passed laws, or are in the process of passing laws declaring the act of texting while driving illegal, with fines and jail terms of various degrees for the offenders. The theory of progressive evolution states that popular culture is an expression of inherent and intrinsic activities of a society. Accordingly, the act of cell phone texting while driving – however dangerous – would be an expression of an aspect of the American lifestyle, a part of its intrinsic identity. Indeed, many of the culprits of this dangerous practice are teens and the youth, ordinarily the most ardent expressers of popular culture in a society. Adults, too, use their cell phones while driving, but to a comparatively lesser degree. Another theory of popular culture that expresses the act of texting while driving is the theory of the culture industry, where consumer needs for gadgets such as the cell phone is the principal contributing factor of the high presence of cell phone amongst Americans, with its use in texting while driving being a logical consequence. The cell phone, according to this theory, is portrayed as a must have communication tool, leading many Americans to acquire it. Heroes in American society are highly regarded and respected. In the American society, heroes belong to both the past and present times, and are given near mythical attributes (Browne, 2005, p.35). American heroes include former presidents such as Washington and Lincoln, or adventurists such as Charles Lindbergh. Celebrities are more numerous and easily identifiable in today’s celebrity-obsessed American popular culture. Oprah Winfrey is one such celebrity, and her fame and philanthropic deeds make her a veritable American heroin. Oprah has been the face of the campaign to stop the practice of texting while driving. Because celebrities command a large following, and their followers tend to respect their word, the campaign by American celebrity and heroin, Oprah Winfrey, and other like-minded celebrities has the greatest potential of stopping the practice, especially amongst teens for whom such celebrities are highly adored and respected. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Therefore, by understanding the concept of popular culture, and subsequently applying the two popular culture theories to the topic of texting while driving, the concept of heroes and the cult of celebrities ties into the entire thread when the influence of these celebrities and heroes in curbing the practice of texting while driving is applied. The insight of applying the influence of heroes and celebrities in positively changing one negative aspect of American popular culture (texting while driving) is attained through the application of the two theories of popular culture. Reference Browne, R. B. (Ed.). (2005). Profiles of Popular Culture: A Reader. Madison, Wisconsin: University of Wisconsin Press.

The Effects of Nuclear Weapons on Plants, Animals and Humans Research Paper

Purpose of the research: The purpose of this research is to evaluate the effects of nuclear weapons on plants, animals and humans. The hypothesis for this research is that nuclear weapons-related radiation has far reaching consequences on the health and the general welfare of the affected human population, and also affects animals as well as plants in the affected area. Research Methods: This research paper is based on a review of literature. My point of research will be internet data gathered from different websites, which have documented research findings on the subject of nuclear weapons and their effect on the plants, humans and animals. The research paper is based on the facts found during the research. Introduction To date, Hiroshima and Nagasaki goes down in history as the two surviving cities where nuclear weapons were used during the World War 2 and to devastating effects. Apart from the instant deaths that occurred right after Americans bombed Hiroshima and three days later, Nagasaki, thousands of deaths have been registered due to radiation related illnesses occurring from the two bombs. Although there are no accurate numbers of the deaths in Hiroshima, the United Nations estimates that by December 1945, the death count was at about 140,000 people (Sublette, 1997; Walker, 2005). The Nagasaki death count on the other hand is estimated at 70,000 people. Apart from the deaths, the survivors and their descendants continue registering bodily injuries and other damaging effects to date (US dept. of Energy, 2007). Literature review According to D’Arrigo (2004), radiation is “energy that travels in waves”. Unfortunately for humans, radiation can not be smelled, felt, seen or heard. In a nuclear weapon blast, nuclear radiation is usually 15 percent of the activity, with 50 percent of the explosion being presented as blast energy and the remaining 35 percent as thermal energy (atomic archives, 2008). Of the 15 percent nuclear radiation, 5 percent affects animals, plants and humans as the initial radiation. Such occurs within a very short period of the explosion usually less than three minutes (atomarchive.com, 2008, p.1). The remaining 10 percent nuclear radiation is gradual, which involves radioactivity of fission products usually present in the weapon debris, residue and explosion fallout. Fallout radiation usually occurs minutes after the nuclear explosion and happens from radioactive distributed in the air above the explosion site during the explosion. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The radioactive particles eventually fall to the ground. In the rainy season, the rain water carries the contaminated water to wider areas therefore causing more radiation effects to plants and animals. Naturally, the earth releases natural radiation that affects human being, animals and plants and can lead to cancers in both animals and humans. In the case of the World War II bombings, the radiation that occurred during the two bombs led to fatalities within a 500 meters radius of where the bomb was dropped. However, people as far as five kilometers from the bombing place would later start developing symptoms of radiation poisoning, which included radiation related cancers. According to Linsley (1997), the environment has cosmic radiation that exposes all organisms to natural radionuclide. However, nuclear weapons contain artificial radionuclide, which have higher adverse effects than those that occur naturally. D’Arrigo (2004), states that uranium that is usually found in the ground lacks in the concentration and the interactivity that would negatively affect the environment to great levels. However, human beings have over the years learnt the art of mining the same, enriching it and converting it to gaseous forms such as Uranium-234, Uranium-235 and Uranium-238 among others (Auxier, 2004). The enriched Uranium is then used as nuclear reactors, nuclear power or fuel. While the fuel form may seem like the least harmful to human beings, D’Arrigo (2004) states that every link in the fuel chain creates radioactive emissions, which are released into the environment consequently adding to the background radiation that affects human, plants and other organisms. That aside, there is growing concern that the nuclear weapons even though never used on the human population again since World War II, continue releasing radiation to the environment during creation and testing. The negative effects in radiation comes from ionized radiation, which according to D’Arrigo (2004) breaks molecular bonds hence causing erratic chemical reactions. According to D’Arrigo (2004), ionizing radiation is the energy or matter produced by an unstable atom’s nucleus as it decays or tries to reach a stable state. The energy released is either in form of waves (X rays or gamma rays) or subatomic particles (beta and alpha). Uranium, which is used in the production of nuclear weapons, is among the radioactive elements that result in man-made radiation and radionuclide. We will write a custom Research Paper on The Effects of Nuclear Weapons on Plants, Animals and Humans specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More When radiation hits the cells or tissues of living organisms, it either damages or kills it. According to D’Arrigo (2004), a damaged cell is well able to rejuvenate and heal correctly. However, this does not happen all the time. In some cases, the cells or tissues repair incorrectly thus impairing their ability to grow or reproduce or it can repair incorrectly, but still reproduce. When the latter happens, the defects of the cell or tissue are passed over to subsequent generations. Nuclear radiation has also been found to reduce the immunity of animals and human beings drastically thus compromising their ability to fight off diseases (Sublette, 1997). More to this, radiation causes mutations in the body cells, and especially in the defective body cells thus meaning that the spread of cancer is more probable in people and animals exposed to nuclear radiation than people in normal environments (D’Arrigo, 2004; Pike, 1998). Testing of nuclear weapons continue releasing ionizing radiation pollutants into the environment. According to Catcott (2003, p. 228), the effect of ionizing radiation released by such tests takes two forms; 1) acute radiation effects,

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