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Significance of the Berlin Conference essay help online free History essay help

The Berlin Conference lasted for three months, ending February 26, 1885. Also known as the Congo Conference and the Berlin West Africa Conference, the Berlin Conference was created to negotiate questions and end confusion over the control of Africa. It was meant to agree that the Congo River and Niger River mouths and basins would be considered neutral and open trade. They would also base it on Social Darwinism, which was used to justify their racism and to discourage intervention and reform. This is basically stating that they believed the white ace was superior to the black race and should control most of Africa. Why Africa?The expansion of territory is one reason, but the main reason was Africans vast expensive resources.

In 1 867 diamonds were discovered and later in 1 886 gold would be another prized discovery along with copper, rubber, and coco beans. To obtain these resources they would need cheap labor, which Africa would also provide. The turn of the Industrial Revolution made the demand for these products increase immensely, resulting in more labor and more invasions into Africa by the Europeans. Even though Africa is coated in a remote place compared to the rest of the countries, it is completely surrounded by water making it easily accessible.At the time, of Africa remained under local control. Only the coastal areas of Africa were colonized by Europe. The Berlin Conference changed all of this, beginning the scramble by other countries to gain control over the interior areas of Africa in order to claim these valuable resources.

Disregarding cultural and lingual boundaries that were already established by the locals, the Berlin Conference divided Africa up into fifty countries, sometimes splitting peaceful groups of people and merging enemies. The Berlin Conference had a set of rules for the “orderly extension of European influence”.First, they agreed there would be freedom of trade and negotiation in the Congo Basin, even though part of it would eventually be under the brutal rule of Belgium King Leopold II. Second, they agreed that any power that occupied a territory or established a colony would let every other country know immediately, and were responsible for establishing political stability. And third they agreed to put a stop to the slave trade. The territories were not meant to “seen/e as a market r means of transit for the trade of slaves, of whatever race they may be”.Many countries would later disregard this rule.

The impact of the Berlin Conference was that tension and competition between European countries cooled down a bit, there was less drive and hustle to penetrate Africa to extract its resources. Africa became dominated by Europe. They lost their rights and the ability to lead their own people, and the impacts of imperialism are still being felt today. Taxes would be imposed on Africans, something they had never seen before. This gave them the obligation to work to pay their taxes, something that had never had to do. Racism would grow even worse.The Europeans would have to work closer with the Africans since they were colonizing them.

The African culture changed drastically, from politically, the loss of traditional values, the changing of language to the new European power, and even down to their everyday traditions and diet. Goals of the Berlin Conference were to control the slave trade, promote humanitarian idealism and provide for the welfare of Africa, but in truth these were all empty promises. Although Europeans did introduce Africa to better healthcare and education, they still brought many negative aspects to the way f life of the locals.

Project Planning and Design

Project Planning and Design.

Purpose of the assessment:

The purpose of this assignment is to develop skills on literature survey, identify the current problem and write the project scope and requirements.


Students will

a. develop capabilities in requirements of real world case study

a. develop skills to critically review, consolidate, analyse, synthesis knowledge of overall project system



Description of the assessment:


1. Background


This assignment is to develop report writing skills on project scope and problem statement.


2. Requirements

The purpose of this document is to write a report on:


Literature Survey:

Include 6-8 references from various MIT library databases. Write 4-5 sentences of your understanding of each literature survey with references.


Project scope:  

A high level description of the problem to be addressed by this project. Provide an argument justifying the project purpose /potential use by a client/customer.


Project Statement:

Include goals and objectives of the project and what is to be done and what is not to be done as part of the project.


Initial Project Planning and Design:

Include budget (estimation), work breakdown structure, milestones, network design, IP address table (including subnet mask), Network Topology diagram,



Submission Guidelines:

Your assignment should be completed according to the General Guidelines for Presentation of Academic Work.

1. successful completion of required tasks

1. quality of figures

a. comments

b. meaningful names

2. accompanying documentation including

a. table of contents and page numbers

b. a front page – indicating your name, a statement of what has been completed and acknowledgement of the names of all people (including other students and people outside of the university) who have assisted you.

c. list of references used (APA style) – please specify if none have been used.  


3. The assignment must be submitted in soft (electronic) copy under provided MIT intra site.  The page numbers of the assignment must be clear on each page.  


Marking criteria:

Marks are allocated as follows:


Section to be included in the report

Description of the section


Literature Survey

Include 6-8 references from various MIT library databases. Write 4-5 sentences of your understanding of each literature survey with references.


Project Scope

What is to be done by the team and what is not to be done.


A high level description of the problem

A high level description of the problem to be addressed by this project. Provide an argument justifying the project purpose.


Initial Project Planning and Design

Include network architecture & design, IP address table (including subnet mask), Network Topology diagram, budget (estimation), work breakdown structure and milestones


Reference style






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