short Directed Essays on ORGS human relations in a workplace. Help me study for my Business class. I’m stuck and don’t understand.
Each Question is labeled by it chapter number. With in each Chp. number there will be a question and a link for answering the actual question. There’s two questions the require personal online research (Chp 10 & 11). This shouldn’t take to long, I’ve just got so much on my work load already. The help is much needed. The attached document has all the questions as well as the links. Your essays need be no longer than 250 words each, but if you find you exceed that in some cases, don’t worry about it (don’t spend time trying to trim it back a few words).
Impact of the 2008 Global Financial Crisis on the Banking Sector. Analyse and Evaluate the Impact of the 2008 Global Financial Crisis on the Bank Sector Introduction Things were unnoticed until it happened. The sudden shock in 2008 caused large number of unexpected outcomes to the global banking industry. The purpose of the essay is to analyse and evaluate regulations that governments issued to deal with the consequences that exposed after the crisis. Since it plays a crucial role on the recovery process and calm taxpayers’ emotions at the same time try to protect their right such as the issue of Basel III stress testing system. The global bank sector especially in western countries heavily suffered from the subprime crisis. The US mortgage-backed securities and collateralized debt obligations with initially offer higher investment return and seductive risk ratings such as Triple A products absorbed many countries’ banks to do a cross-broad investment (Zandi, 2009). Naturally, the meltdown of financial instruments would spread through the global banking industry. The negative impact mainly appears on worldwide banks business performance according to the credit crisis. As the table below shows the movement of ‘average global return on capital fell to 2.69% in 2008/09, from 20.02% in the previous year’ (IFSL, 2010, p.4). The characteristic of these financial instruments appears to have high leverage rate, in other words, the debt level is higher than the expected cash flow. In addition, the market value of these products does not equal to its fair value. Consequently, in Europe and the US, some banks could not afford the spread of value and went to fail such as Lehman Brother, and some banks such as JP Morgan were restructured and bailed-out by governments. The downward performance on banks raised the attention of governments and relevant regulations introduced to deal with the weakness that imposed in the financial crisis. Mishkin (2010) states that Investment banks expand on a large scale in the self-operated business of highly leveraged financial derivatives before and during the credit crunch. It is suggested that higher leverage rate usually follows with higher risk-taking, which may contribute the bankruptcy of these institutions. As in the United State, in response to the great recession, the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act was issued by the Obama government (Congress, 2010). Still, the Volcker Rule proposed by Paul Volcker as a part of the Act mainly concentrates on the transform of bank sector. It offers two proposals to deal with the problems that financial institutions incurred during the crisis. First, limiting the scope, or controlling the speculative trading activities of banks. Volcker Rule (Congress, 2010) documents the prohibition of banks to invest in or sponsor a hedge fund or a private equity fund, or proprietary trading operation for its own interest and irrelevant to their clients. The rule aims to improve the transparency of the bank operation systems and arise the awareness of these institutions to take responsibilities. According to the policy, banks need to divide the commercial and investment sector strictly and being more cautious with the business of clients. However, critics pointed out some limitation of Volcker principle (Elizabeth, et al., 2010). As metric tools for banks to calculate the performance on investment and commercial sectors are flexible and the rule appears to vague on this part (Valladares, 2018). Thus, it is hard to trust the self-assessment result published by financial institutions. Yet, for the implementation of the rule, each bank has a transition period and grace period, and there are no specific items to restrict banks to comply with the rules (govinfor. 2010). Therefore, Volcker Rule is relatively loose and gives the possibility of companies to escape and extend the date of execution. Second, limiting the size, ending ‘too big to fail’. Paul (2010) proposed forbidding government bailouts some troubled systemically important financial institutions (SIFIs). In addition, investment banks have undergone ownership transformations. For instance, Morgan Stanley and Goldman Sachs transfer to be regulated as commercial banks with federal government guarantees (Guardian, 2013). However, the government would not always be capable to secure SIFIs in the long-term period since the creditability of it had been suspected. Compared with the US, German’s central bank Deutsche Bank still put large efforts on the business of the investment sector. Instead of following the mainstream trend to decrease the derivatives exposure, Deutsche continued to respect the high leveraged business model and high-risk financial speculation. This business model has brought considerable profits to Deutsche in the short as it accounted for 60% revenues, but in the long-term it does hurt the bank’s value. For instance, Deutsche bank cut a fifth of its global workforce especially in the investment sector to reduce the cost and ensure the daily operation (Pandey, 2019). Moreover, when comes to regulations issued on saving reputation, Deutsche Bank concentrated on the recovery of shareholders wealth and the payout ratio (Y. Biondi, I. Graeff, 2017). However, the bank did not develop a sustainable policy to maintain the stability of the stock market and the uncertainty of dividend price is tightly connected to the company’s growth, cash flow and asset liquidity. For example, the dividend per share increased significantly with €1.30 in 2001 to €4.5 in 2007 which increased by 246%, then dropped considerably by 88%, € 0.50 in 2008 and then return (Deutsche Bank, 2016). Different from Germany, the government strictly controls the investment sector on the UK. The banks in the United Kingdom are now partly or wholly owned by their government which intend to establish a much safer financial system. For instance, the largest banks ring-fence their investment department from the retail department which aim to protect retail banking sectors from other risks in the financial system and to improve the flexibility and solvability of banks (BBA, 2016). However, the ring-fencing might reduce the available activity of commercial banks and limits the variety of individual investment. It is undeniable that these countries have actively remedy and reformed the damage caused to the banking industry after the 2008 financial crisis, but they all seem to stop at the urgent need and the effect of recovery tends to be slightly dull. Not only to solve problems exposed after the crunch on the bank sector, governments and authories also trying to protect the right of taxpayers. Basel III offer a global stress testing system designing to enhance bank capital requirements by increasing bank liquidity and reducing bank leverage (BIS, 2018). In other words, it works as a supervisory standard for checking whether banks have capabilities to meet another extreme situation such as a new financial crisis. The stress testing would benefit the market participant such as taxpayers to invest in a safer environment. Firstly, stress testing forces banks to disclosure some internal information to public which reduce the opacity and information asymmetry between taxpayers (Kapinos et al., 2018). As more information be more transparent, taxpayers can keep the mindful of avoiding investing on residual financial products and make more wisely decisions. Secondly, stress testing can act as a clock to remind taxpayers when financial system appears to have a fundamentally unstable behavior. Under the period of economic and financial calm, the market would be vulnerable to huge losses and easy to fall into collapses (Kapinos et al., 2018). Hence, taxpayers would need the stress testing system to recognize the uncertainty investment portfolio and perceive the following development would not respect the current market trends. For instance, during the great recession, almost all market participants expected a higher mortgage price on the US housing market instead of the considerable devalue and nearly several companies created a stress testing to predict the movement. Basically, stress test would be efficient on disclosing the information and risks of bank industry. However, some scenarios would bring unmeaningful outcomes, although the risks have been revealed (Thun, 2013). For example, since Deutsche Banks’ American subsidiary passed the stress test, but it developed delinquent conducts such as money laundering (Stacey and Morris, 2019). Thun (2013) stats that the hardest barriers might be insufficient data and uncapable designer to establish a complete scenario that not only focus on the know defect, but also the foreseeing risks. The misleading from the root may directly affect the method that taxpayers supposed to follow. Therefore, the wrong guidance would be an approach that damage taxpayers’ benefits. Conclusion Governments and authorities offered regulations positively response to the negative impact fallen in the global bank industry after the 2008 financial crisis. America, Germany and the United Kingdom as typically western countries concentrated on reforming the industry rules to control and intervene the operation of investment banks’ businesses. However, the regulations would only solve the urgent need, not establishing in a sustainable development perspective. Taxpayers’ rights have also been concerned, as taxpayers blindly invested on the US mortgage, large amount of them suffered losses. Basel III stress testing works as a guidance to support market participants perceive the movement of market. Critics pointed the limitations of current stress test on inappropriately using scenarios to mislead the industry. The system needs more data and talent to continue the future adjustment. References Biondi, Y. and Graeff, I. 2018. Rethinking bank shareholder equity: The case of Deutsche Bank. Accounting Forum.41(2017), pp.318-33 BIS. 2018. Stress Testing Principles. [Online]. [Accessed 19 August 2019]. Available from: https://www.bis.org/press/p181017.htm Congress Gov. 2010. the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act. [Online]. [Accessed 19 August 2019]. Available from: https://www.congress.gov Deutsche Bank. 2016. Annual Report. [Online]. [Accessed 19 August 2019]. Available from: https://www.db.com/company/index.htm Elizabeth, H., Ashley, M., Violeta, S. and Jayne, F. 2010. Bank Regulatory Reform in the United States: The Case of Goldman And the Volcker Rule. Journal of Business Case Studies. 6, p64. Govifo. 2010. Implications of the ‘Volcker Rules’ for Financial Stability. [Online]. [Accessed 19 August 2019]. Available from: https://www.govinfo.gov Kapinos, P., Martin, C. and Mitnik, O. 2018. Stress Testing Banks: Whence and Whither? Journal of Financial Perspectives. 5(1), pp 3-4. Kay, J. 2016. Don’t Always Believe A Balance Sheet. Financial Time. [Online]. 16 February. [Accessed 19 August 2019]. Available from: https://www.ft.com/content/ Stacey, K. and Morris S. 2019. US Fed quizzes Deutsche on ‘bad bank’ plans. Financial Times. [Online]. 24 June. Accessed 19 August 2019]. Available from: https://www.ft.com/content/5f70594e-9463-11e9-b7ea-60e35ef678d2 Maslakovic, M. 2010. IFSL Research: Banking 2010. [Online]. London: IFSL. [Accessed 19 August 2019]. Available from: https://www.ifrs.org Mishkin, F. 2011. Over the Cliff: From the Subprime to the Global Financial Crisis. Journal of Economic Perspective. 25(1), pp.49-70. Pandey, A. 2019. Deutsche Bank’s uncertain road to recovery. DW. [Online]. 5 July. [Accessed 19 August 2019]. Available from: https://www.dw.com/en/deutsche-banks-uncertain-road-to-recovery/a-49470411 Thun, C. 2013. Stress Testing: European Edition. The Journal of Risk Perspectives. 1, pp 24-39. Valladares, M, R. 2018. BankThink Getting the Volcker Rule right may be a waste of time. American Banker. [Online]. 15 August. [Accessed 1 September 2019]. Available from: https://www.americanbanker.com/opinion/getting-the-volcker-rule-right-may-be-a-waste-of-time Impact of the 2008 Global Financial Crisis on the Banking Sector
2006 Chevy Uplander.
short Directed Essays on ORGS human relations in a workplace
Hello, my chevy uplander has been giving me the blues. Lately, when I put the key in the ignition and turn, nothing happens. Absolutely nothing! There’s no sound at all. It doesn’t try to turn over, grind, nothing. I have gotten the battery charged, the starter tested and the alternator replaced. Sometimes after letting it sit until the next day, it will start right up. There’s never a warning when it decides that it’s not going to start, it just doesn’t. I think it may be an electrical shortage somewhere. What does that sound like to you?
In his poem “Elegy Written In A Country Churchyard,” Thomas Gray says, “The boast of heraldry, the pomp of pow’r, / Awaits alike th’ inevitable hour” (33-35). Gray stresses here the equality in “the inevitable hour” or, in other words, in death. He suggests that power, money, and social prestige will always fall to mortality. Even though certain people have opportunities and fame, in the end, everyone, he suggests, must face death. Gray understands the inequality in social class and writes his elegy about the people who never had the opportunity to reach their potential. He believes that there is no difference between the famous and the common people in the end, and he actually praises the common people for being humble and for being morally strong against the ridicule of the wealthy people. Gray speaks about death as an equalizer of all human beings in order to level distinctions between the upper class and the lower class. In doing so, he is then able to idealize and elevate the common pastoral man for their uncorrupted, though unharnessed, potential. The poem begins with images of ending and gloom in order to set the somber tone and foreshadow death for the rest of the poem. In the first and second stanzas, Gray hints at loss and mortality. In the first stanza, Gray speaks about events that are coming to an end: a curfew bell tolling, a herd of cattle moving across the meadow, and a farmer returning home after a day’s work. By mixing descriptions of ending with despondent wording, Gray is able to set up a tone of somberness and finality that continues throughout the poem. For example, “The curfew tolls the knell of parting day, / The plowman homeward plods his weary way” (1-3). The words knell and weary convey the meaning of sadness. Knell means “the sound of a bell, especially when rung solemnly for a death or funeral” (OED Online). Gray uses this specific diction to foreshadow death and sadness. The second stanza maintains the theme of somberness and ending of the first. After Gray describes the close of events in the first stanza, he begins the second by describing how the landscape is becoming less visible: “Now fades the glimm’ring landscape on the sight” (5). Gray continues to develop the theme of ending through stating the loss of the appearance of scenery. Gray shows in the first two stanzas the end of routine lives and then the end of nature. By doing so, he suggests the end of living aspects and is transitioning into death. After Gray alludes to death in the first two stanzas, he then states that death is an equalizer of all humans and no one can escape it. He observes that nothing can bring the dead back to life, no matter the advantages the wealthy and the powerful had. They are useless in the face of death. One such example is prestige: “Can Honour’s voice provoke the silent dust” (43). Gray expresses that honor and glory cannot make a person come back to life. No matter how famous he/she is, no matter how many times they are looked upon as leaders or heroes, nothing will make them come back from death. Gray also talks about flattery: “Or Flatt’ry soothe the dull cold ear of Death?” (44). He states that flattering words cannot change the mind of death nor pacify the process of dying. Gray gives examples of advantages the upper class had in life but then shows how they are useless in the equalizing power of death. By illustrating the equality of humans in death, Gray is then able to caution the wealthy not to ridicule the common people, for the wealthy are also susceptible to this inevitability. Gray speaks to members of the upper class and tells them not to look down on the simple, humble lives of the common people. He orders the rich not to laugh upon the poor people’s unclear futures, their few possessions, or their few records in the annals. The speaker says: Let not Ambition mock their useful toil, Their homely joys, and destiny obscure; Nor Grandeur hear with a disdainful smile The short and simple annals of the poor (29-32). Gray not only personifies “ambition” and “grandeur” to refer to the determined people and the wealthy, powerful people, but his use of synecdoche emphasizes their significance on these traits. Gray refers to these traits because they are frequently considered desirable during life due to the happiness and satisfaction that follows them. However, he suggests here that, ultimately, they are worthless. Power and motivation will not save a person from dying. Gray gives more examples of aspects and luxuries in life that do not survive in the face of death. It erases “heraldry”, “the pomp of pow’r”, and “all that beauty” (33-34). Coats of arms that represented the powerful people mean nothing when those people are deceased. All the ceremonies and parties of royalty are also obsolete. Death, Gray suggests, is absolute and inevitable: “The paths of glory lead but to the grave” (36). Although he describes their humble and modest lives, Gray speaks about the unrevealed potential of the common people and their possibilities of greatness. He compares them to rough stones/jewels: “Full many a gem of purest ray serene, The dark unfathom’d caves of ocean bear” (53-54). In this line, Gray is comparing the humble, common people to undiscovered jewels in the caves at the bottom of the ocean. He suggests that this potential would stay hidden and no one would truly find their value. This line truly epitomizes the unique and priceless talent Gray believes the common people possessed. For example, he suggests that these people had abilities: “The rod of empire might have sway’d, / Or wak’d to ecstasy the living lyre” (47-48). He states that they could have the power and ability to lead an empire. He also says that another could have become a musician so great that it would seem the instrument was alive. The speaker suggests that these people had potential for ambition and grandeur. However, Gray acknowledges that without opportunity, this potential lays untapped. He believes that if these people were given the opportunity, they could have achieved prominence. He states that the common people were full of ideas: “Some heart once pregnant with celestial fire” (46). Gray uses the metaphor celestial fire to describe the common people with abilities that God intended for them to have. But, he suggests this potential was never harnessed and these hidden talents were never revealed. Although he speaks about their unharnessed potential, Gray praises the common people for not falling to vices and suggests the evil in power and wealth. Despite their unfulfilled destinies, he speaks highly of them for not falling towards immoral pathways such as greed, betrayal, etc. He suggests that wealth and prestige ultimately falls to corruption and other vices. Thus, Gray admires the common people because they did not become rich and famous. He believes they were constrained: “Their lot forbade â€¦ their crimes confin’d” (65-66). In this line, Gray explains that although the common people’s circumstances restricted their opportunities, it also limited their wrongdoings. Because the common people did not have wealth, they were not affected by money or power-driven deeds. After praising that they did not fall to vices, Gray then elevates the poor because they stayed humble with their simple lives. He respects them because they remained happy and satisfied with their families without money or prestige. Gray describes their happiness when doing their jobs: “How jocund did they drive their team afield! How bow’d the woods beneath their sturdy stroke!” (27-28). He depicts them as cheerful people doing their work such as plowing their fields and raising crops to feed their families. Gray defines these people not by their belongings, but by their behavior and actions. He believes they never diverged from their modest living because they accepted their lifestyle: “Their sober wishes never learn’d to stray; / They kept the noiseless tenor of their way” (74-76). Gray expresses that these people did not desire to change their quiet way of life. They remained faithful to their duty as the common people and embodied humility. Gray idealizes these people because of their humble acceptance of who they are. Ultimately, Gray’s “Elegy” is a memento mori, or in other words, a reminder of mortality. This concept is supported in Gray’s elegy when the speaker walks in the cemetery. As he gazes at the gravestones, he is not only reminded of the people that passed away but also of his own mortality as well. As he reads the simple graves, the speaker wonders about the people who were buried there. Gray then elevates these common people in his poem because he believes that the wealthy and the famous have already been given attention. For example, history books are dedicated to heroes and leaders. Gray acknowledges in this poem that the common people’s poverty limited their opportunities and also their crimes. However, he does not speak about the endless opportunities that can be opened due to wealth and power. Humanity idolizes the successful, and Gray idolizes the poor. However, as he suggests, everyone is equal in death.
2006 Chevy Uplander
Week 4: Discussion: Applying Confidence Intervals to Make Predictions
Week 4: Discussion: Applying Confidence Intervals to Make Predictions.
One of the most common uses of confidence intervals is found in political polls and the news articles that reference them. These articles often use the point estimate (the proportion), and you can usually find the margin of error (half of the confidence interval) somewhere in the article as well. For example, consider the following scenario:Two separate polling organizations have conducted polls for two candidates who are running for state senate, Gail Schultz and Raymond McGregor. The polls were taken from the same population, in the same state, and on the same day. The survey from the first company, Pollster Analytics, shows Gail having 49% of the potential vote. It also shows Raymond having an estimated 47% of likely voters. Both results reflect a margin of error of 2 percentage points (usually depicted as ±2%).The survey from the second company, Polltastik, shows Raymond at 49% and Gail at 46%. This survey has a 3-percentage-point margin of error (±3%).In this Discussion, you will compare the outcomes of the surveys in the scenario and apply the concept of confidence intervals to make a prediction for the upcoming election, as well as discuss their implications. Post a 75- to 150-word (1- to 2-paragraph) explanation of how you applied confidence intervals to make predictions about the outcome of a political campaign. In your explanation, address the following:After reviewing both polls, what is now known about who might be ahead in the race? Explain who is ahead and why.Explain what the implications of these polls are for the campaign managers for Gail and Raymond.To support your response, be sure to reference at least one properly cited scholarly source.
Week 4: Discussion: Applying Confidence Intervals to Make Predictions
Light Microscope and Electron Microscope Comparison
help writing Light Microscope and Electron Microscope Comparison. Light Microscope Electron Microscope (EM) How it works The stage of the microscope holds slides containing specimens. You can adjust the stage adding further light or move it allowing different layers of the object to be in focus. The user then looks through the microscope eyepiece, where amirrorat the bottom of the microscope redirects light rays reflecting the object through a hole in the stage, magnifying the image. Both dead and live specimens can be seen. Preparation is simple and can take a few minutes to hours. A high-voltage electricity supply powers the cathode. This produces a beam of electrons. An electromagnetic coil focuses the electrons into a more powerful beam. Another electromagnetic coil focuses the beam onto a certain part of the specimen which produces an image of it, which is magnified. The image can be viewed directly or on a TV monitor which is attached to an image intensifier. Only dead or dried specimens can be seen. Preparation time is more complex and can take a few days. Uses Schools, colleges and universities Medical Facilities and Laboratories Resolution Low resolution power, due to the wavelength of light, can cause low clarity. High resolution power leading to high clarity. Magnification Usually between 500x to 1500x Direct magnification of up to 160,000x and photographic magnification of 1000,000x plus 2b) Organelle Function of Organelle Chromatin In a cell, chromosomes are compressed into the nucleus as chromatin. The main function of chromatin is: to compress DNA to fit in the cell, to strengthen DNA to permit mitosis, to avoid DNA damage, to control gene expression and DNA replication. Lysosome The Main function of lysosome is to break down waste materials and worn out organelle Lysosome contains acid hydrolase enzymes. Once unwanted waste is inside the cell, the lysosome attaches itself to the waste material and releases their enzymes. The enzymes break down the molecules ready for excretion. Nucleus The Nucleus of a cell is the control point for gene expression and the replication of DNA. The Nucleus also controls the hereditary characteristics of an organism. it stores chromatin, proteins and RNA. Mitochondria The main function of Mitochondria is to convert energy into forms that are usable by the cell through cellular respiration. Flagella The flagellum has two functions. Its structure allows it to assist movement and to test the temperatures and chemical balances in their environment. Giolgi Appartus The main function is to carry out processing of proteins generated in the endoplasmic reticulum. This is completed by breaking down proteins into small, active fragments. As well as directing lipids within cells and production of lysosomes, carbohydrates and proteins, needed by the body, to their proper destination. Ribsome The main function is to assemble amino acids to create specific proteins, which are essential for carrying out the cell’s activities. This is known as protein syntheses. During Protein Synthese, Ribsomes reads the code represented by RNA, from the cells main DNA, allowing synthese to occur. All new proteins are formed from the ribsomes. Smooth Endoplasmic Has a wide variety of functions: carbohydrate and lipid synthesis. Transports Endoplasmic Reticulum products to specific destinations, both produced in the smooth Endoplasmic and rough Endoplasmic. Produces emxymes in the liver that helps removes certain compounds aids in the contraction of muscle cells In the brain cell it combines male and female hormones The rough Endoplasmic is usually interconnected to Smooth endoplasmic and the proteins and membranes made by the rough ER move into the smooth ER to be transferred to other locations. Rough Endoplasmic Has a wide variety of functions: Manufactures membranes and secretion of proteins. In some white blood cells it produces antibodies. In pancreatic cells, the rough ER produces insulin. 2C) The main function of Erthrocytes is the transportation of oxygen to the bodies cells and tissues and expulsion of carbon monoxide to the lungs. Its bi-concave shape increases the surface area which increases the speed of diffusion, enabling it to receive and release oxygen more effectively. Their small size and ability to change shape helps them fit through the various blood vessels, all of these structures aid Erthocytes to complete their function. The function of Spematozoa is to fertilise a female ovum during/after sexual intercourse. A pointed tip in the head of the sperm allows it to effectively enter the ovum. The middle of the sperm, is very short and after ejaculation, it releases mitchondria to give the spermatozoa bursts of energy. The tail, moves the sperm by using whip-like, movements, allowing speed/movement necessary due to it’s.short life span. If a sperm is successful in reaching an ovum, the cell divides, disposing of the tail. All of these structures aid Spermatozoa to try and complete their purpose. Cilliated epithelial cells are tiny hair like structures on the surface of a cell, their function is for transportation. The structure allows the hairs to produce a synchronised swaying motion, transporting fluids or unwanted particles such as mucus to the back of the throat to be disposed of. TAQ 3) Cell membranes consist of a Phospholipid Bilayer, this forms the initial shield of the cell. Due to the various components of a membrane they are referred to as mosaic. Within the Bilayer there are both lipids and proteins. At body temperature, Phosolipids have a consistency of an oil like substance that allows plasma membranes to be flexible and fluid. They can attach and detach to cells. Phosolipids have a hydrophillic head and a hydrophobic tail and in each cell the head forms the outer layer of the membrane, while the tail is wedged in-between the cell to form the bilayer. Intrinsic proteins, cover the complete span of the Bilayer and Extrinsic proteins are partial embedded within the bilayer. Cholesterol lipids also help strengthen the bilayer, while regulating the activity of some integral proteins. Therefore, it can correctly be said that a cell membrane is a fluid mosaic model made up of lipids and proteins molecules. 4) Active transport of molecules is when carrier proteins transport specific dissolved molecules from a lower concentration to a higher concentration through the cell membrane. Diffusion is when feely moving molecules spread from an area of high concentration to an area of low concentration through the cell membrane. Osmosis is the transportation of water through the permeable membrane, from a level of high concentration solution to a low concentration solution. Active transportation Diffusion Osmosis Use of energy Yes – The use of transportation proteins require the use of cellular energy, normally ATP to actively pump substances into or out of the cell. No— Does not require cellular energy. Uses kinetic energy which provides heat which enables the continuous movement of the molecules. No – uses kenetic energy. Gradient Moves from an area of lower to a higher concentration. Moves from an area of high concentration to a low concentration Moves from a less concentrated solution to a more concentrated solution. Is the transportation assisted? Assisted by carrier proteins, which contains ions and nutrients. These proteins, bind themselves to the molecule transporting them across the epithelial layers. They would otherwise be blocked and unable to enter the cell. Emzymes provide a chemical pump using ATP which provides energy for the carrier proteins. Only facilitated diffusion through the help of ion channel proteins and carrier proteins. No – solute spreads out and doesn’t require assistance as it is water based. Example of when it can occur? During Digestion – Carbohydrates are broken down into glucose, which is absorbed and actively transport into the bloodstream and taken around the body. During Respiration – oxygen diffuses across the alveolar walls into the blood, which is picked up by red blood cells and distributed around the body. In the cell – Water molecules pass from the pure water into the dilute solution than back through the permeable membrane, until there is an even concentration of water, and the system is in equilibrium. 5) Type of tissue Describe how the structure of the tissue is linked to function Nerve Tissue Nervous tissue is responsible for sensing stimuli and transmitting signs to and from different parts of an organism. Nerve tissue consists of two main types of cells: Neurone and neuroglia. Each neurone consists of perikaryon which contains the nucleus of the cell. They have dendrites that extend away from the cell body receiving nerve impulses. Neuroglia functions depend on the specific type of neuroglia. For example Astrogilia, are star-shaped cell and extends from the cell body into the surrounding network of nerve fibres. Its main purpose is that of transportation, Supply of nutrients to neurons. Neuroglia does not receive nerve impulses. Muscle Tissue There are three types of muscle tissues: Skeletal, Cardiac and Smooth Muscle Tissue. Skeletal Muscle cells are long and cylindrical in shape. It consists of layers of Epimysium, which protects the muscle from friction, connects the muscle to muscle tendons. This makes it possible for people to flex and move their skeleton. Cardiac Muscle, is the heart. Cardiac muscle like skeletal muscle is striated. The cells are short, branched and interconnected and contains a nucleus. The ends are interconnected which allows signals to be transmitted, for example, if a person is nervous, signals are transmitted which can speed up the heart rate. Smooth Muscle Tissue contains myofibrils which are randomly placed unlike other muscle tissues which are strategically placed. It is located in the walls of organs and is responsible for digestion through peristalisi, constriction of blood vessels etc Connective Tissues Connects different types of tissue to each other. They are various types for example: Dense Connective Tissue, which is very strong and connects muscle to bones, it consists of cells, which are organised in one direction so that pulls allowing for example a knee to flex. It is made up of parallel collagen fibers, some elastic fibers and fibroblast. Loose Connective tissue – Adipose tissue which is a fatty tissue and protects organs and aids in maintaining body temperature. Found mainly in the breasts and under the skin. Epithelial tissues Covers a body surface or lines a body cavity for example: The lining of the mouth, lung alveoli and kidney tubules all are made of epithelial tissue. It is supported by a layer of connective tissue. Its function is to protect cells and tissues underneath and therefore it is solid with no intercellular space. 6) The main function of the heart is to pump blood and oxygen around the body. The mass portion of the heart is made up of Cardiac muscle which pumps the heart, making it beat to circulate the blood flow. It also contains nervous tissue which stimulates the heart through electrical impulses to make it contract. Epithelium tissues supplies the heart muscle with oxygen and nutrients mainly supplied by blood vessels and contains fatty tissue which protects the heart, as well as offers an emergency supply of energy if needed. The main function of the lungs is to transport oxygen into the bloodstream, and to dispose of carbon dioxide from the bloodstream.The lungs are two sacs, which expands with air when a person inhales and deflates when a person exhales. The most common types of tissues found within the lungs are stratified squamous, simple cuboida and Pseudostratified columnar. Both the heart and the lungs interact and play a crucial role in the respiration and cardiovascular system. During respiration, oxygenated blood, which is inhaled from the lungs is passively diffused to the heart which then pumps it out to the rest of the body. It is absorbed into tissues and cells. De-oxygenated blood returns to the heart, after which it is sent back to the lungs to get further oxygen and to release carbon dioxide through exhaling. Due to the lungs tissues being thin, it allows easier diffusion to the blood and therefore smoother respiration. Although the cardiovascular system mainly involves the heart and blood , as oxygen from the lungs is transported via the blood stream, both organs also play a vital roles within it, in order to maintain life. References Websites BBC. (2014). Cells. Available: http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/science/add_aqa_pre_2011/cells/cells3.shtml. Last accessed 28th sep 2014 Ningthoujam Sandhyarani. (2012). Ribosomes Function. Available: http://www.buzzle.com/articles/ribosomes-function.html. Last accessed 24th sep 2014. Shashank Nakate. (2013). Golgi Apparatus Function. Available: http://www.buzzle.com/articles/golgi-apparatus-function.html. Last accessed 24th sep 2014. wise geek health . (2014). What Is the Normal Size of Red Blood Cells?. Available: http://www.wisegeekhealth.com/what-is-the-normal-size-of-red-blood-cells.htm. Last accessed 24th sep 2014. Books Alberts B, Bray D, Lewis J, Raff M, Roberts K, Watson JD (1994). Molecular Biology of The Cell. 3rd ed. New York: Garland Publishing. p 4 -39, p 89-98, p139-141, p223, p195-196, p508-523, p655, Kratz R, Siegfried D (2010). Biology for Dummies. 2nd ed. Indiana: Wiley. p47-63, p277-293, p221-239, p81-82 Light Microscope and Electron Microscope Comparison
Ashford University Organizational Structure Design Mission Furniture Analysis
Ashford University Organizational Structure Design Mission Furniture Analysis.
I have already completed the required work, just that, it needs to be increased by 1.5 page of content. Here are the original instructions. and I have attached my completed paper as well.Choose an organization with which you are familiar.Using Word, PowerPoint, or a drawing program, prepare an organizational chart that shows the major positions of an organization beginning with the chief executive officer at the top, and continuing downward to include the individual contributors who do not hold supervisory or management positions.If there are many positions at the bottom of the chart, you may combine them. For example, in a school there may be many teachers.On your chart, you may designate where the positions are in the hierarchy, but you do not need to name everyone.There are many free templates that can be used with Word, PowerPoint, and drawing programs.In Word (or some other compatible word processor), prepare a paper of 3.5 pages not including title page or references (double spaced, 12-point font) describing the organization’s structure and how that structure aids it in accomplishing its strategies, and compare the vertical and horizontal structures of the organization.
Ashford University Organizational Structure Design Mission Furniture Analysis
Image transcription text (c) Given the point C you found in part (b), state the point symmetric to C about
Image transcription text (c) Given the point C you found in part (b), state the point symmetric to C about. Image transcription text (c) Given the point C you found in part (b), state the point symmetric to C about the x-axis. 24. Find the equation for a line which passes through the points (5, 8) and (7, -6). Write the equation in slope-intercept form. Show work. 25. Ron, a resident of Metropolis, pays Metropolis an annual tax of $50 plus 2.6… Show more… Show more Math Algebra Share QuestionEmailCopy linkLink copied!Image transcription text (c) Given the point C you found in part (b), state the point symmetric to C about