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Sex and Gender Identity: Intersex Child

Sex and Gender Identity: Intersex Child. “Discuss why the birth of an intersex baby is treated as a ‘medical emergency’ and the implications of surgical sex assignment (personally and socially) This essay will discuss why the birth of an intersex infant is considered a medical emergency, what especially determines the intersex conditions whilst shedding light on the reasons as to why surgeons deem this procedure necessary to the infant. As well as the repercussions, the surgical sex assignment will have on the child personally and socially in the future. The impact other children can have on an intersex infant and the impacts associated on the parents having to deal with this ‘medical emergency’ and the struggles associated with their sex and gender identity as they go through life. Physical features in which determine the sex of an individual person are the internal and external sex organs, the karyotype, gonads and the secondary sexual characteristics these appear at puberty. Whereas Intersex conditions occur when there has been an obstruction in the normal process in which sexual maturation is formed, therefore results in abnormalities in any of these features. (Creighton, 2001). Medical professionals are guarantying that surgery to adjust ambiguous genitalia is a treatment planned to re-establish a fitting appearance and function to the infant. (Holmes, 2002). In Australasia, North America and the United Kingdom it is now seen as standard medical practice to surgically and hormonally correct intersexed infants. The practice of this has been continuously justified solely on the basis that the birth of an ambiguously sexed child represents a ‘psycho-social emergency’ which is when the intersex infants’ reassignment should be addressed through surgical means as soon as possible. During the late 1990’s it saw a swift increase in interest concerning the medical treatment of intersex infants and children from medical practitioners, ethicists and even intersex people themselves. An impasse has come to light regarding the questions being asked about intersex medical treatments by clinicians and intersex activists. As clinicians are professionally bound to take and look after the well-being of their patients, the research in which they are relying on is to argue for early surgical assignment. Physicians believe intersex infants are to have surgery as soon as possible. It is believed there are in fact three categories of distinguishable genital surgery: Firstly, that the surgery is going to be lifesaving. For example, the urethra has been rerouted so that the infant is now able to pass urine out of their body. Secondly, it improves their quality of life. For example, they completely redesign the urethra opening to help the child not urinate on a toilet seat. Thirdly, aesthetic purposes. For example, the small penis is built up so that eventually when the man is older he will feel more manly. (Roen, 2004). Surgery is meant for effecting the sense of gender and sexual identity for the child, and to support him/her from a likely hostile and ignorant world. (Holmes, 2002). Within Western culture, it is significantly committed to the idea that there are only two sexes. People can go years without knowing of their intersex surgery, but for the ones who do know or have not had surgery to give them a gender identity, it can be difficult socially, especially as a youth. Teasing is not an uncommon occurrence in this society. One alarming factor that has been noted by teachers and parents that it is not the intersex child’s behaviour, but the way in which other children are reacting to it. Even if the child is normally seen as ‘socially acceptable’ once his/her peers are to find out that they are in fact intersex, that is when their opinions can change, as intersex individuals are not seen as ‘socially acceptable’. This brings up Gender Identity Disorder and that teasing is seen as a justifiable reason to require treatment for this. Teasing and name calling can have a huge impact on a child’s wellbeing, regardless of being intersex or not. It can lead to depression, social anxiety and if the teasing got too much for the child they could then decide they did not want to go to school anymore. Prejudice over intersex children plays a role in how they are going to be treated. If a child has not had surgery and is still figuring out their identity it can be had for people, let alone other children to understand. Whereas, if a child has already been gendered from a surgery at birth, it can be easier for the child to identify themselves therefore, not have the repercussions from other children who may not understand the situation. (Fausto-Sterling, 2004). As well as issues with their parents and other children, another social impact on an intersex child can be the trauma associated with being intersex. In large part, the shame that seems to appear with being intersex. This comes back to having the surgery, as that a child is less likely to be singled out and teased if they have had a the surgery and their peers are unable to know of their differences if they have identified with a gender, which has been given with the surgery. This will then decrease their chances of life long trauma and the possible mental effects on them which can then be linked to depression, anxiety, bipolar etc. (Feder, 2014). When looking at an intersex person’s life, there can be many factors to affect them personally. One of these is the effect on their parents. A person can only attempt to imagine the struggle a parent would go through regarding the decisions they would have to make for their baby. Whatever decisions the parents have made, for example: deciding to go through with surgery, which gender they choose to influence their child as if they do not go through with the surgery, what their beliefs are etc., This definitely has a huge impact on their child’s life. (Fausto-Sterling, 2004). It is seen that medical professionals are trying to assure anxious parents that having the surgery will then let intersexed children to see themselves as a single sexed person and gendered person. Although, what comes of this is two clear problems that will have an effect on the child. Firstly, it willingly assumes that a person who has not been through the intersex surgery would not have a clear identity, when in fact this would not be the case. Yet no practitioners have any evidence to fully support this assumption. Secondly, it suggests that a ‘typical’ man or women feel completely at ease and happy in their bodies and their gender identities, and do not have any issues regarding their body image and relationship of identity to their appearance. Yet in fact there are many crises that affect men and women regarding their sex/gender. Individuals may have troubles in their self-image such as problems with how much body hair they have, they may have too much to be ‘properly feminine’. Or not enough hair to be ‘properly masculine’. Yet surgeries to change the appearance of one’s sex, are now offered to parents as guarantees that their intersex infant will grow up to be a full male or female. (Holmes, 2002). This then looks at the issue that if an infant is placed under a certain gender but as they grow older are to feel more like the opposite, what kind of impacts can be associated with this? As well as mental impacts, there can also be resentment towards the people in which made this life altering decision for this person, for example their parents, the surgeon. It can also have a huge impact on their wellbeing and how they are feeling about themselves as a person. It can bring up a lot of questions and feelings of doubt within themselves. Having the surgery right from birth can have a lot of negative impacts on the person personally. (Holmes, 2002). To conclude, this essay has covered a wide range of topics regarding intersex infants and whether or not the surgery is worthwhile to them and the effect it can have on them personally and socially. As well as the people they may associate with in day to do life, their parents, their peers and what kind of impacts and influences they can have on this persons life. How does having the surgery effect their sexuality and gender identity. These are all factors that can have huge influences on an intersex person’s life that can shape them into the person they will eventually grow into in the future. If people became more open to accepting an intersex person, they may learn a thing or too. References: Creighton, S., 2001. Surgery for intersex. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, 94(5), pp.218-220. Fausto-Sterling, A., 2004. ‘The Five Sexes: Why Male and Female are Not Enough’, in Michael Kimmel and Rebecca Plante (eds) Sexualities: Identities, Behaviours and Society, pp. 39-44. New York: Oxford University Press. Holmes, M., 2002. ‘Rethinking the Meaning and Management of Intersexuality’, Sexualities, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 159-180. Roen, K., 2004. Queerly Sexed Bodies in Clinical Contexts: Problematizing Conceptual Foundations of Genital Surgery with Intersex Infants Feder, E.K., 2014. Making sense of intersex: Changing ethical perspectives in biomedicine. Indiana University Press, pp 48 Sex and Gender Identity: Intersex Child

Psychological Disposition in Sylvia Plath’s Poems Essay

Table of Contents Introduction Plath’s Troubled and Suicidal Mind A Forceful Attempt to Vilify His Father as a Nazi Sympathizer Violent and Foul Language Conclusion Works Cited Introduction One can observe a profound psychological temperament in two of Sylvia Plath’s creative works. These two artistic creations are the poems Daddy and Lazarus Lady. There is evidence to show a strong psychological bent considering the way the author combined factual information about her personal life and the way she wanted her readers to interpret the said information using her own subjective frame of reference. Certain information about her personal life that people can gather through research strengthened the assertion made earlier regarding the psychological temperament of the aforementioned works. One can observe a strong psychological disposition in these two poems after considering three verifiable facts, such as, Plath’s troubled mind, her attempt to vilify her father as a Nazi sympathizer, and the use of violent words centered on the ideas of death and murder. Plath’s Troubled and Suicidal Mind There is an easily accessible road that allows for a quick development of a supporting argument justifying the claim made earlier regarding the psychological nature of Plath’s two poems. It is via the use of biographical research that enables the student or the analyst tasked to interpret Plath’s creative works to immediately understand the mental component of the creative process. Using this route, it does not take long to discover the tragic end of the gifted poet. In a book entitled The Nazi Card: Nazi Comparison at the Beginning of the Cold War, the author provided harrowing details about Plath’s mental state before she committed suicide (Johnson 171). However, an indirect way of ascertaining her struggles with mental health issues can be had by examining the way he framed her ideas in the poem Lady Lazarus. In Lady Lazarus, Plath was not angling the positive aspect of the idea that usually comes forth when mentioning the name Lazarus. She referred to the dark side of the story of the biblical Lazarus, when the character died and was entombed. She wanted to die, and she made it clear that no one should attempt to revive her, contrary to the message of Lazarus’ tale when his body defeated death and decay. In fact, in her poem, her suicidal thoughts were in full display when she expressed her sense of worthlessness when she wrote “what a trash, to annihilate each decade” (Plath, “Lady Lazarus”). Her troubled mind formed one aspect of the argument regarding the psychological bent of her two poems. A Forceful Attempt to Vilify His Father as a Nazi Sympathizer The secondary argument supporting the claim of the psychological temperament in Plath’s works is based on the interpretation of her state of mind when she forcefully vilified her father as a Nazi sympathizer. After using terms to signify that her father empathized with Hitler and Nazism, she punctuated her statements with the following line: “brute heart of a brute like you” (Plath, “Daddy”). A normal person usually offers praise to his or her parents. Thus, her abnormal thinking process was revealed for all to see when she dishonored her father’s memory. It is important to highlight this realization, because she was not merely complaining about a wrinkle in her relationship with her father, she expressed her thoughts through a murderous rage. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The psychological bent of her poems was not simply manifested in the criticisms she made against her father, because it was also revealed when she fabricated claims that her father was a sympathizer or a member of Hitler’s army. In a book entitled Sylvia Plath: Poetry and Existence, the author argued that there is no evidence linking Otto Plath, the poet’s father as having served as a soldier in Hitler’s army. In fact, the author said that the elder Plath immigrated to the United States when he was a teenager and published a book in 1934 (Holbrook 292). Once again the poet demonstrated an intense psychological temperament when she made up stories to amplify her hatred against her father. Her poem is probably one of the most bitter examples of how a daughter tried to destroy any connection she had with her father. Violent and Foul Language The final argument strengthening the claim made earlier is based on Plath’s use of violent and foul language. The perverseness of Plath’s language is magnified by the realization that she and her family were at the receiving end of a volley of foul and violent words. Her first target was the memory of her father, and she wrote: “Daddy, I have had to kill you” (Plath, “Daddy”). This verse become more unnerving after considering the title of the poem, because it disarmed the reader in the beginning hoping that the lines evokes ideas of the lovely bond that exists between a father and his daughter. At the end, she aimed her scathing words like terrible weapons at the center of her heart. She wrote: Dying is an art, like everything else. I do it exceptionally well”, as if begging to for death to take her away (Plath, “Lady Lazarus”). One can argue that only a deeply disturbed mind can manufacture this type of language and direct it not at the enemy, but to her father and to herself. There was no beauty and grace in her choice of words. In order to prevent any hope of reconciliation or forgiveness, she severed her connection with her father in one of the most heartbreaking ending to a literary piece that was ever made when she wrote: “Daddy, daddy, you bastard, I’m through” (Plath, “Daddy”). It was the final warning that her mind was about to break. Conclusion A claim was made that Plath’s two poems Daddy and Lazarus Lady had a deep and disturbing psychological bent. This claim was supported by three arguments. First, the psychological temperament of her artistic pieces can be interpreted through the revelation of her troubled mind and eventually her decision to take her own life. Second, it was amplified by the fact that she made up stories in order to dishonor her father. Third, the psychological nature of Plath’s poems was revealed in the way she utilized violent and foul language not only to discredit her father but also as a weapon that she used against herself. Without a doubt these are examples of psychological poetry, because the author allowed her readers to see the state of her troubled mind. She also shed light on the kind of mental anguish she went through before she committed suicide. It is therefore impossible to interpret these two artistic works unless these poems are examined from a psychological point of view, and at the same time, acknowledge the author’s profound psychological disposition when she made both. We will write a custom Essay on Psychological Disposition in Sylvia Plath’s Poems specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Works Cited Holbrook, David. Sylvia Plath: Poetry and Existence. Bloomsbuy Academic, 2013. Johnson, Brian. The Nazi Card: Nazi Comparisons at the Beginning of the Cold War. Lexington Books, 2017. Plath, Sylvia. “Daddy.” Poetry Foundation. Web. —. “Lazarus Lady.” Poetry Foundation. Web.

Dallas College Elementary Organic and Biochemistry Lab Report

order essay cheap Dallas College Elementary Organic and Biochemistry Lab Report.

Yo will need to download the bio-rad software to do the assignment. SDS-PAGEData can be found here: Gel Image.scnResults should include:Annotated gel figure with description (4 points)Each lane numberedLanes containing the standard ladder labeledChoose two lanes and calculate the molecular weight of each band in those lanes (empty lanes and standard lanes do not count). Report the MW of the bands in a table format. Indicate lane by its numbering in the gel figure. (4 points)Discussion Points (3 points each):1. Describe the spatial separation of differently sized proteins in SDS-PAGE. How does this compare to size exclusion chromatography?2. Would this gel’s banding patterns be the same if SDS was not used? Why or why not?3. How can looking at the standards test your claims in questions 1 and 2?4. Discuss one challenge you faced in using the gel analysis software.*For all discussion points, use the data to support your conclusions. One-sentence answers will not be considered discussions and will not receive full credit.*PreviousNextHere the tutorial link for image labTo analyze your SDS-PAGE data, you will need to download the free software ImageLab.The link to ImageLab download can be found here (Links to an external site.).You will need to make a BioRad account to download, but it is a free account with no commitments to anything.Download ImageLab and make sure you can open it before you watch the ImageLab tutorial (the next page in this Module). I suggest following along with the tutorial, pausing the video as needed, to learn the ropes.ATTACHMENTS
Dallas College Elementary Organic and Biochemistry Lab Report

Maintaining Behavior Change

Maintaining Behavior Change.

I have to answer 2 questions separately, each question needs to be at least 350 words. I DONT HAVE THE BOOK TO DO THIS ASSIGNMENT. Question #1Refer to the Box 28.3 of your text on page 643, and select one of the case study examples that are described: “Withdrawn Wilamena,” “In a hurry Harry,” “Shouting Shelly,” or “Pestering Pete.” Using the 6 steps, design a behavior change plan where the learner is taught to use the strategy of self-recruiting for reinforcement. How does the process of teaching a student how to self-recruit for reinforcement promote the maintenance of behavior change in your example? What ethical  considerations (if any) should you be aware of when designing your plan of change?Question #2Describe an illustration of how you could use a contrived mediating stimulus such as a cue card, photographic activity schedule, or a self-operated prompting device to generalize a behavior from the instructional setting to the generalization setting. How might you incorporate modern day technology into this self-operated prompting process? Using your illustration as an example, why is it important to consider the unique abilities of the individual when designing contrived mediated stimuli? What prerequisite skills, if any, should you consider when implementing such stimuli? Any ethical concerns?
Maintaining Behavior Change

Marketing Research And Pricing Strategy 5A Washburn Guitars

Marketing Research And Pricing Strategy 5A Washburn Guitars.

Watch the video/read material on Blackboard and book around pricing and then answer the following questions (please TYPE answers).What will the profit be if they sell 2,000 units at $349 retail price? And what will be the profit if the Parker merger reduces costs as projected and they again sell 2,000 units? How important is it that the company’s retailers and dealers are on board with its pricing strategy?Units Sold MSRP Revenue2,000 $349 $ 698,000 (2,000 x $349) TC before Merger TC After Merger Rent & Taxes $ 14,000 $ 8,400 (due to 40% decrease)Deprec. Of Equip $ 4,000 $ 4,000Mgmt $ 20,000 $ 20,000Dir. Mat $25/unit $ 50,000 $ 50,000Dir. Labor $240,000 $204,000 (15% decrease)Total Costs $328,000 $286,400 Revenue Cost ProfitBefore Merger: $698,000 – $328,000 = $370,000 After Merger: $698,000 – $286,400 = $411,600 As the video states, “pricing effectively requires a good understanding of the market and production costs. Good pricing objectives are key elements in a company’s marketing strategy – pricing for profit, sales revenue, market share and unit sales. Pricing objectives at Washburn vary according to production factors, i.e. cost/unit decreases as production volume increases. The market can also determine pricing. Washburn managers monitor competitive prices and sometimes change the production specifications on guitars to target a key price point. Cost and price are heavily influenced by the quantity of the production run.” Washburn depends on independent dealers to sell guitars and they take a smaller margin from them because they have to do more work. http://bevideos.mhhe.com/business/video_library/00…
Marketing Research And Pricing Strategy 5A Washburn Guitars