Select one of the four concepts for your paper: trust, hope, suffering, or uncertainty. Determine the aim or purpose of your analysis; what do you want to accomplish by conducting this concept analysis? Answer the questions, “Why am I doing this?” and “Why is this relevant to nursing knowledge and nursing science?” [Note that you will include this paragraph in your discussion board initial post this week.] Conduct your literature review by identifying all uses of the term that you can discover. Answer, “What are the known conceptualizations?” Locate and use a minimum of 3 dictionary definitions, 1 thesaurus entry, and 5 scholarly references from the nursing literature (you may use non-nursing literature, if necessary). Combined, these references will be the basis for identifying and defining attributes of your selected concept. [Note that you will include your draft reference list (which should include a minimum of 5 of the required 9 references) in your discussion board initial post this week.] Determine the critical or defining attributes of the concept by identifying what each instance or use of the term has in common with the other uses. The more scholarly references you locate and use, the easier it is to determine critical attributes of a concept. [Note that you will include this paragraph in your discussion board initial post this week.] Create 4 cases using the critical attributes: [Note that you will describe one of the following cases in your discussion board initial post this week.] Construct a model case or a real-life scenario that uses the concept and includes all critical attributes of the concept. Explain how you use each critical attribute. This case should be an accurate representation or model of your concept. Construct a contrary case or one that is opposite of the concept. Support the claims you make by explaining how and why the contrary case does not contain any of the critical attributes of your concept. Construct a borderline case or one that is related to the concept but is not actually an example of the concept. Support the claims you make by explaining how and why the borderline case differs from the model and contrary cases (i.e., does not contain all of the critical attributes of your concept, etc.) Construct an invented case or fictitious scenario that uses the concept and includes all of the critical attributes. Explain how you use each of the critical attributes. Identify related concepts; provide a list of terms that are related to or similar to the concept. Identify an inaccurate use of the concept. Provide an example of how the concept is used in a way that is improper or incorrect. Identify concept antecedents and consequences. This should include a description of (1) concepts or traits that precede (antecedent) the existence of the concept and (2) concepts or traits that follow (consequence) the existence of the concept. An antecedent cannot be one of the attributes, but a consequence may be.
Your Perspective on Personality.
Part one: Resources this week, there are multiple explanations for the development of personality, defined in your text as “psychological qualities that contribute to an individual’s enduring and distinctive patterns of feeling, thinking, and behaving” (Cervone & Pervin, 2016, p. 7). For this Discussion, you will review the factors that influence personality. You will consider the rationale for each factor and provide your views on which individual factor—or combination of factors—has the biggest impact on personality. To prepare: Review information in the Learning Resources related to each of the following factors that influence personality: Genetic determinants Environmental determinants Culture Social class Family Peers Reflect on your experiences that can help in evaluating the impact of these factors on personality. Consider the factor(s) you view as having the most influence and the least influence on personality development. By Day 3 Post a response to these two questions that includes the following: Explain the single factor or combination of factors that you view as having the most influence on personality. Cite arguments from the Learning Resources in support of your chosen factor(s).Identify a factor that you view as having the least impact on personality development and explain your reasoning. Part two: As you begin your study of theories of personality, start by applying the initial knowledge and insights you gain to your own personality. For this Assignment, you will analyze your personality and the influences that have specifically shaped how it has evolved. To prepare: Review this week’s Learning Resources. Consider the factors in personality development that apply most specifically to you. Reflect on experiences in your life that offer examples of influences that have shaped your personality. Pay particular attention to the influence of culture. Consider how this course can help you further understand your personality. Submit a 2- to 3-page paper that addresses the following: Explain factors in personality development that have had the most influence on you and describe key personal experiences that explain your thinking. Identify examples of ways that the culture in which you were raised, which is African American, (e.g., your racial or ethnic heritage; characteristics of the region you are from; social class; and so on) has influenced your personality development. Identify at least one aspect of your personality that is not (fully) explained through the factors you have described and briefly explain your rationale for choosing this aspect of you. Explain the value of better understanding your personality to preparing for the career you would like to enter, and give your reasoning.
Coca Cola in Colombia Case Essay. The case of the activities of the Coca Cola Company in Colombia is one of the biggest thorns in the flesh of the conglomerate. The allegations against the firm are quite serious, and they may prove that multinationals can go to great lengths to attain their goals. These are some of the most selfish acts that can be carried out, since there is actually no comparison between the success of a firm and the lives of individuals. The fact that most of the unionists and activists who have been assassinated, have died due to their interests in the rights of the workers implies that the firm is not willing to listen to the workers or pay them decent wages. The use of paramilitary units to carry out assassinations in the country means that the governmental bodies, as well as the corporations, view these acts as justifiable. It is unacceptable for anybody to lose his or her life, so that a firm may not increase the wages that they pay to their employees. The fact that people who dare to raise their voices are dealt with decisively in the name of saving money, means that the firm holds no value to the lives of the people who they employ in most of the developing countries. The bottling plants that Coca Cola operates in developing countries were opened with the aim of acquiring cheap labor, as well as getting raw materials at lower prices. However, with the rising cost of living, the corporation ought to consider the plight of the workers and take into consideration, their woes. The firm can start addressing these issues by improving on the working conditions that they offer their workers in the region. Instead of attacking the leaders who dare to talk about issues that affect the workers every day, the firm had better look for ways to start checking the issues such as dialogue with them. This is because most of the workers feel the same way, and it is like a snowball that will never stop rolling. Instead of slowing down and stopping, it will keep on gathering more snow as it goes down the hill. The matter of the workers rights has to be addressed if the corporate body intends to carry on with business. Killing off each person who raises work-related issues will only leave them in turmoil since there will only be unrest, and the plight of the workers will remain unsolved. Even if they use the paramilitary units to eliminate dissent in the ranks, the core issues will always remain unattended. There will always be voices raising matters concerning the plight of these workers, and as much as the corporations try to silence them using whichever way they feel is appropriate, they will just have to start dealing with the fact that the issues are much bigger than they may think that they are. With the laws that enable the afflicted workers to sue the corporate bodies within the borders of the United States of America, comes the dawn of a new era. The corrupt government departments of the smaller nations have not been able to handle the issues, since the levels of corruption have reached untouchable heights. This action is a step in the right direction. Coca Cola in Colombia Case Essay
The movie “Invictus” was directed by Clint Eastwood, and it premiered in 2009. The biographical movie features two renowned actors, Matt Damon, and Morgan Freeman. “Invictus” is a film that details the events that transpired when Nelson Mandela took over as South Africa’s president in 1994. The film’s main theme is the unifying power of sports. In the film, President Nelson Mandela uses the 1995 rugby world-cup campaign to unite the divided South Africans. The movie’s storyline is based on the book “Playing the Enemy: Nelson Mandela and the Game that Made a Nation” by John Carlin. Both the main and the supporting actors exhibit strong leadership qualities in the course of the unfolding storyline. Nelson Mandela is the country’s leader, while Francois Pienaar is leading the Springboks. Nelson Mandela resolves to use rugby to remedy the divisions in his post-apartheid country. However, this resolve is difficult to implement because the country’s rugby team is a symbol of black oppression. Consequently, Mandela uses his strong leadership to turn rugby into the country’s symbol of unification. This paper is a critique of “Invictus” and Mandela’s character from a leadership perspective, especially in relation to the drama of human life. The most prominent feature in “Invictus” is the use of rugby as a symbol of unity. Mandela gets the idea of using rugby as a symbol of unity when he witnesses black South Africans cheering for the English rugby team instead of their home team. Mandela remembers that when he was in prison, he too used to support opposing teams. However, Mandela recognizes that this trend was bad for the newly united South Africa. Therefore, Mandela decides to use the symbol of the national rugby team to unite his subjects. The decision to use rugby as a symbol was quite unpopular with the majority black-population, and it was even opposed by Mandela’s chief of staff. Mandela’s ‘adamancy’ is a testament to his strong leadership skills. Mandela’s desire was to have a united South Africa, and he was willing to work against the tides of prejudice to achieve his goal. The desires of Mandela as a leader coincide with South Africa’s need for unity. As a leader, Mandela takes on a tough challenge of redefining how South Africans viewed the Springboks. Previously, the Springboks were a symbol of apartheid and oppression. The team was dominated by white players, and to black South Africans, the ‘white team’ was just another reminder of apartheid’s mechanisms. In the end, Mandela successfully redefines rugby from being a symbol of segregation to being a symbol of unity. The reason behind this quick success is Mandela’s leadership style. First, Mandela begins by recognizing that things need to change, and he envisions this through the game of rugby. Second, the president trusts his instincts and decides to face the challenges that await his plans. The ability to do these things indicates that Mandela’s leadership is resolute, inspired, and focused (Heifetz, 1998). One of the most captivating scenes in “Invictus” involves Mandela’s chief bodyguard Jason. Jason busts into Mandela’s office and expresses concern that some white bodyguards have reported working as part of the president’s security detail. President calmly informs Jason that the new South African government represents a new and united front. The president also informs Jason that the men who report to work are adequately trained, and the color of their skin does not affect their resume. According to Mandela, the president’s workers are also the face of the new South Africa- a rainbow nation. Furthermore, in this scene, the president tells Jason that “forgiveness liberates the soul….removes fear…it is a powerful tool” (Eastwood, 2009). The reason why Jason is shocked by Mandela’s acceptance of white bodyguards is that it was expected that the new black leadership would sideline the white minority in its activities. Therefore, in case of a dispute between a white and a black citizen, it was expected that Mandela would side with the blacks. However, from the conversation between Mandela and Jason, it was clear that the former was not going to be taking sides when leading South Africa from the ashes of apartheid. Mandela’s stand came as a shock to both the white minorities and the black majority. The white minorities expected President Mandela’s government to be petty, corrupt, and vindictive against the former ruling elite. On the other hand, the majority black population was eager to retaliate against the oppression that had been experienced during apartheid. Mandela’s superior leadership skills enabled him to steer the country out of this division by focusing the masses towards a common goal. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In another scene, the president meets with the captain of the rugby Francois Pienaar. Even though the rugby team is expected to perform very poorly in the world championships, the president instills confidence in the captain by informing him that it is possible for the team to win. By telling the captain that the team can win, the president plants a seed of hope in Pienaar. Mandela’s inspirational leadership effectively draws Pienaar to his vision. This is evident when the captain goes home and immediately informs his wife about his meeting with the president. Leadership, as exhibited by President Mandela in this scene, involves inspiring followers to achieve their best (Northouse, 2013). Some of the most prominent leadership qualities that are evident in this scene include humbleness, concern, and kindness. For example, the president proceeds to serve himself when the tea is brought to the table. Furthermore, the president respectfully addresses his junior staff and proceeds to show concern towards Pienaar’s ankle injury. Mandela’s behavior is not synonymous with that of most presidents, but it is a sign of unique leadership. Presidents are the ones who receive service, respect, kindness, and concern, but they rarely show these to others. Pienaar’s initial perception of the president becomes the cornerstone of their relationship throughout the movie. The rugby team captain uses his own leadership position to transfer Mandela’s vision for a united South Africa. One characteristic of great leadership is the ability to affect organizational change. However, people’s behaviors are the secret to effecting organizational change. When people change their behaviors, systems of doing things do too. In “Invictus,” the main character is fully aware that organizational change depends on the behaviors of the citizens. In the film, Mandela understands that “organizations and institutions do not change, but people do” (Nielsen, 2005). Therefore, the president targets sports as a tool for behavior modification. The first thing that Mandela does is to identify the behaviors that might amount to behavioral change. For instance, Mandela is aware that the captain of the rugby team might change the behaviors of the other team members. On the other hand, this behavioral change warrants the rugby team’s widespread support across South Africa. Mandela’s support of the rugby team motivates black South Africans to come together with their former oppressors. As a leader, Mandela manages to effect institutional change when they win by Springboks, a rugby team that was formerly associated with apartheid, is celebrated by South Africans of all races. The average human being reacts in a certain way when he/she is faced with challenges. However, when Mandela is faced with challenges, he reacts by doing the unexpected. One example of this unexpectedness is when Mandela shows up at the stadium and sits in places that his security detail considers ‘unsafe.’ Mandela’s actions are unexpected because before, and after he became president, there were several assassination attempts that had targeted his life. However, by sitting in ‘ordinary’ places at the stadium, he conveys the message of a peaceful nation to his subjects. Furthermore, Mandela is considerate of all his subjects. He is able to listen to the views of the people he disagrees with and even extend an olive branch to them. For instance, Mandela is not afraid of faulting the advice of those who are close to him, such as his chief of staff. The strength of Mandela’s leadership is also portrayed by the manner in which he handles divergent views. Even though Mandela shares divergent opinions with some of his staff members, he still finds it worthwhile to continue working with them. “Invictus” was hailed as a critical success when it premiered mostly because of its historical relevance. The movie highlights Mandela’s unique and effective leadership. As a leader, the main character is positive, exemplary, relevant, inspirational, persistent, witty, and dedicated. We will write a custom Essay on Leadership in the “Invictus” Movie specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More References Eastwood, C. (Director). (2009). Invictus [Motion picture]. United States: Malpaso Productions. Web. Heifetz, R. (1998). Leadership without easy answers. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Web. Nielsen, J. (2005). The myth of leadership: Creating leaderless organizations. Palo Alto, CA: Davies-Black Publishing. Web. Northouse, P. (2013). Leadership: Theory and practice. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. Web.
Your Perspective on Personality
Institutions in the Context of Business Strategy Essay (Critical Writing)
Table of Contents Introduction Describing Institutions in the Context of Business Strategy Role of Institutions in Foreign Market Entry Conclusion Reference List Introduction In the wake of globalization and shifting technological landscape, many international businesses have opted to seek markets in emerging economies. The prevalence of increased avenues for information dissemination is a definite trend that favors foreign trade as people continue to share ideologies via modern information and communication technology. Such technological advancement accelerates the spread of intellectual ideas from one part of the world to another. Besides the central role of technology in the contemporary world, various vital factors underpin the development of ideas into profitable international businesses. These factors comprise informal and formal institutions. They control business strategies based on social, economic, and political landscapes of the international market. This paper critically examines the role of institutions regarding the interventions of venture capitalists in foreign direct investments (FDIs). Describing Institutions in the Context of Business Strategy Business institutions can be classified into formal and informal types depending on strategic decisions. The former comprises laws, regulations, and rules that are regulated by the coercive power of the government. The latter entails norms, cultural, and ethical factors that are supported by the normative and cognitive pillars. According to Peng, Wang, and Jiang (2008), the normative pillar refers to how norms leverage the behavior of individuals and businesses. A cognitive pillar in the context of business strategy defines the organizational propositions and values that govern the internal and external environment of a firm. The chief role of these institutions is to reduce uncertainty for foreign investors. There are two forms of economic transactions in which business institutions reduce uncertainty namely relational contracting and arm’s length transaction. Firstly, the informal exchange is whereby the firms or individuals conduct business in a friendly manner (Peng et al., 2008). For instance, there is no need for signing an IOU note in the event of borrowing money from friends to start up or expand a business. This form of transaction is governed by informal norms and cognitive beliefs based on the real meaning of friendship. It is also referred to as a personalized exchange transaction (Peng et al., 2008). Secondly, economic transactions can be facilitated by the arm’s length form. In this case, the transaction is formal and entails impersonal exchange with third-party enforcement. This practice is adopted when the scale and scope of economic transactions are high in a way that warrants enforcement through third-party formal market-supporting institutions. Role of Institutions in Foreign Market Entry According to Kaufmann and Roesch (2012), institutions play a crucial role when firms strive to enter a foreign market. Based on the institutional theory, national culture underpins the recognized context of society. Culture is responsible for modeling the legitimate social and business activities in particular environments. Different business cultures result from diverse organizational practices and employee expectations. International business scholars regard the variations amongst national systems as cultural distance. Kaufmann and Roesch (2012) affirm that the cultural gap can result in increased transactional costs for MNCs in both regional and international markets. For instance, various studies reveal that cultural distance can potentially increase the costs of internal communication. Since the scope of communication is based on multifarious business archetypes, the efficiency of information exchange will be significantly reduced when it is applied across different cultures. Communication barriers prevent parent companies from transferring firm-specific benefits to foreign subsidiaries. Campos and Lootty (2007) posit that implicit routines and knowledge that are necessary for internationalization are harder to apply in some multinational corporations. At the outset, interacting with foreign associates results in a cultural distance that increases the operational costs by eroding mutual understanding. Therefore, foreign firms find themselves engulfed in the challenges of identifying and interpreting unfamiliar business environments (Campos
University of California Irvine The New Deal Indian Affairs 6 Ws Exercise
order essay cheap University of California Irvine The New Deal Indian Affairs 6 Ws Exercise.
this will focus on answering the 6 Ws of a specific topic. This assignment will focus on the New Deal. Write your answer in the following format and not in a paragraph format. Why (did the New Deal happen) Who (is involved in the New Deal; who is passing these acts; who is included and excluded in the programs) What (Explain the emphasis of the First New Deal and the Second New Deal; Explain 2 acts of the First New Deal, and explain 2 acts of the Second New Deal) When (did the New Deal occur) Where (did the New Deal occur) Why (is the New Deal important in American History; how effective is the New Deal; explain what got the U.S. out of the Great Depression)
University of California Irvine The New Deal Indian Affairs 6 Ws Exercise
A roasted turkey is taken from an oven when its temperature has reached 185°F an
A roasted turkey is taken from an oven when its temperature has reached 185°F an.
75t(a) If the temperature of the turkey is 150°F after half an hour, what is its temperature after 45 min? (Round your answer to the nearest whole number.) °F(b) When will the turkey cool to 100°F? (Round your answer to the nearest whole number.) min
A roasted turkey is taken from an oven when its temperature has reached 185°F an
The Law essay with specific requirement just follow the requirement
The Law essay with specific requirement just follow the requirement. I’m studying for my Law class and need an explanation.
The Las Vegas Restaurant purchased a quantity of a special variety of apple that Sam’s Apple Company grew in an orchard just outside of Las Vegas. The Las Vegas Restaurant uses the apples for a special dessert it is famous for. The apple was of a type that kept well in cool storage. The Las Vegas Restaurant’s purchase represented approximately 25 percent of Sam’s Apple Company’s total harvest each year. Initially, the Las Vegas Restaurant and Sam’s Apple Company entered into a formal, written purchase agreement for each year’s crop, delivered on a quarterly basis. However, over time the agreement became less and less formal. Eventually it consisted at first of a telephone order for the “usual supply,” and later to an arrangement whereby Sam’s Apple Company would simply deliver the normal quantity to the Las Vegas Restaurant each quarter, and in due course would receive payment at the going market price for the crop. This latter arrangement carried on for a period of about ten years. In the last year, the president of Sam’s Apple Company, Sam, fell seriously ill and retired. He was replaced by Heather. Sam had been responsible for the original contracts with Las Vegas Restaurant and had made the later informal arrangements for the supply of apples. Sam informed Heather of the arrangement. The General Manager of the Las Vegas Restaurant, Steve, had become good friends with Sam, but he too retired and never met Heather. The new General Manager of the Las Vegas Restaurant, David, was not aware of the informal arrangement between Sam and the Las Vegas Restaurant. Soon after taking over, David decided that for the current year he would purchase the Las Vegas Restaurant’s apple requirements from another orchard. Over the course of the summer, Heather heard a rumor that an orchard in California had acquired a contract to supply apples to the Las Vegas Restaurant, but she did nothing to investigate the matter further. In the fall of that year, Heather delivered the usual supply of apples in large pallet boxes to the Las Vegas Restaurant and placed them on the receiving dock. No employees were on the dock at the time, but Heather did not find the fact unusual, as Sam had said that was typically the case when he made his deliveries in the past. Heather was not concerned about identification of the crop as each pallet box bore the company name and address as well as the variety and quantity. David noticed the apples on the receiving dock some time later on the day of delivery. He decided to write a letter to Sam’s Apple Company requesting the company to take back the apples, but it was Friday, so he waited until Monday of the next week. Heather received the letter on Wednesday, some six days after delivery of the apples to the Las Vegas Restaurant. During the six-day period the apples had remained in the hot sun and had deteriorated from the exposure. Heather refused to take back the apples and the Las Vegas Restaurant refused to pay for them. Consider all the elements of contract law. Also consider what you learned about “course of dealing” from your reading. Prepare a paper that addresses whether each element of contract law is satisfied in this case and what you believe should happen based on the course of dealing between Sam’s Apple Company and the Las Vegas Restaurant. What is the probable outcome if Sam’s Apple Company should sue the Las Vegas Restaurant for the value of the apples?
The Law essay with specific requirement just follow the requirement