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See guidance (below) on how to effectively summarize a text. SUMMARIZING A TEXTWhen you underline and annotate a text,

See guidance (below) on how to effectively summarize a text. SUMMARIZING A TEXTWhen you underline and annotate a text, when you ask yourself questions about its contents, when you work out an outline of its structure, you are establishing your understanding of what you are reading. When you write a summary, you are demonstrating your understanding of the text and communicating it to your reader.To summarize is to condense a text to its main points and to do so in your own words. To include every detail is neither necessary nor desirable. Instead, you should extract only those elements that you think are most important—the main idea (or thesis) and its essential supporting points, which in the original passage may have been interwoven with less important material.Many students make the mistake of confusing summary with analysis. They are not the same thing. An analysis is a discussion of ideas, techniques, and/or meaning in a text. A summary, on the other hand, does not require you to critique or respond to the ideas in a text. When you analyze a piece of writing, you generally summarize the contents briefly in order to establish for the reader the ideas that your essay will then go on to analyze, but a summary is not a substitute for the analysis itself.If you are writing a literature paper, for example, your teacher probably does not want you to simply write a plot summary. You may include some very brief summary within a literature paper, but only as much as necessary to make your own interpretation, your thesis, clear.It is important to remember that a summary is not an outline or synopsis of the points that the author makes in the order that the author gives them. Instead, a summary is a distillation of the ideas or argument of the text. It is a reconstruction of the major point or points of development of a text, beginning with the thesis or main idea, followed by the points or details that support or elaborate on that idea.If a text is organized in a linear fashion, you may be able to write a summary simply by paraphrasing the major points from the beginning of the text to the end. However, you should not assume that this will always be the case. Not all writers use such a straightforward structure. They may not state the thesis or main idea immediately at the beginning, but rather build up to it slowly, and they may introduce a point of development in one place and then return to it later in the text.However, for the sake of clarity, a summary should present the author’s points in a straightforward structure. In order to write a good summary, you may have to gather minor points or components of an argument from different places in the text in order to summarize the text in an organized way. A point made in the beginning of an essay and then one made toward the end may need to be grouped together in your summary to concisely convey the argument that the author is making. In the end, you will have read, digested, and reconstructed the text in a shorter, more concise form.WHEN AND HOW TO SUMMARIZEThere are many instances in which you will have to write a summary. You may be assigned to write a one or two page summary of an article or reading, or you may be asked to include a brief summary of a text as part of a response paper or critique. Also, you may write summaries of articles as part of the note-taking and planning process for a research paper, and you may want to include these summaries, or at least parts of them, in your paper. The writer of a research paper is especially dependent upon summary as a means of referring to source materials. Through the use of summary in a research paper, you can condense a broad range of information, and you can present and explain the relevance of a number of sources all dealing with the same subject.You may also summarize your own paper in an introduction in order to present a brief overview of the ideas you will discuss throughout the rest of the paper.Depending on the length and complexity of the original text as well as your purpose in using summary, a summary can be relatively brief—a short paragraph or even a single sentence—or quite lengthy—several paragraphs or even an entire paper.QUALITIES OF A SUMMARYA good summary should be comprehensive, concise, coherent, and independent. These qualities are explained below:A summary must be comprehensive: You should isolate all the important points in the original passage and note them down in a list. Review all the ideas on your list, and include in your summary all the ones that are indispensable to the author’s development of her/his thesis or main idea.A summary must be concise: Eliminate repetitions in your list, even if the author restates the same points. Your summary should be considerably shorter than the source. You are hoping to create an overview; therefore, you need not include every repetition of a point or every supporting detail.A summary must be coherent: It should make sense as a piece of writing in its own right; it should not merely be taken directly from your list of notes or sound like a disjointed collection of points.A summary must be independent: You are not being asked to imitate the author of the text you are writing about. On the contrary, you are expected to maintain your own voice throughout the summary. Don’t simply quote the author; instead use your own words to express your understanding of what you have read. After all, your summary is based on your interpretation of the writer’s points or ideas. However, you should be careful not to create any misrepresentation or distortion by introducing comments or criticisms of your own.TWO TECHNIQUES FOR WRITING SUMMARIESSummarizing Shorter Texts (ten pages or fewer)Write a one-sentence summary of each paragraph.Formulate a single sentence that summarizes the whole text.Write a paragraph (or more): begin with the overall summary sentence and follow it with the paragraph summary sentences.Rearrange and rewrite the paragraph to make it clear and concise, to eliminate repetition and relatively minor points, and to provide transitions. The final version should be a complete, unified, and coherent.Summarizing Longer Texts (more than ten pages)Outline the text. Break it down into its major sections—groups of paragraphs focused on a common topic—and list the main supporting points for each section.Write a one or two sentence summary of each section.Formulate a single sentence to summarize the whole text, looking at the author’s thesis or topic sentences as a guide.Write a paragraph (or more): begin with the overall summary sentence and follow it with the section summary sentences.Rewrite and rearrange your paragraph(s) as needed to make your writing clear and concise, to eliminate relatively minor or repetitious points, and to provide transitions. Make sure your summary includes all the major supporting points of each idea. The final version should be a complete, unified, and coherent.

Healthcare and poverty in the state of Texas

Healthcare and poverty in the state of Texas.

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Introduction

This activity is an opportunity for you to closely examine a contemporary policy issue between the state of Texas and the United States federal government. Over its history, the Texas government has had many conflicts with the national government as part of the dynamics under a federal system of governance (federalism).

Completing this activity is a mandatory component of this course. It serves as the standard course assessment for all GOVT 2306 students at Brookhaven College. Failure to submit and complete this project in its entirety will result in a failing grade for the course.

There are four steps to completing this project.

Step 1 – Identifying the Issue

The purpose of the paper is to identify and address a federal issue between the US federal government and Texas state government. This requires examining the history, application and effectiveness of laws at both levels.

Choose one of the following topics:

  • NAFTA and the Texas economy
  • Infrastructure development and funding
  • Disaster management and funding
  • State and federal funding for public education
  • The politics of Common Core
  • State opposition to federal environmental policy
  • Healthcare and poverty in the state of Texas
  • Constitutional rights of immigrants in Texas
  • Federal oversight of Texas redistricting
  • Civil liberties and federal border checkpoints in Texas


Step 2 – Gathering Sources

Conduct research to locate a minimum of three peer-reviewed academic journal articles (aka: scholarly sources) that address the policy issue that you selected and meet the following criteria:

  • The articles must be no more than ten (10) years old.
  • The article must have more than five (5) pages of actual content (without graphs, charts, footnotes, citations, etc.)
  • Books will not count toward the scholarly source minimum requirements.
  • Carefully choose those sources that provide a variety of perspectives on your selected topic.
  • In addition to the minimum research requirements, you should offer “supplemental sources” for essential current events information relevant to your topic. These may include academic sources that are not peer-reviewed (position papers), newspaper articles, magazine articles, and other quality or reputable sources.
  • Textbooks, Dictionaries, Encyclopedias (including Wikipedia), Almanacs, or an Atlas are reference materials and are not to be listed as sources on the collegiate level.
  • Provide the formal MLA citation for each source, both in the essay (in-text parenthetical citations) and on the Works Cited page.


Step 3 – The Proposal

Submit a one page proposal to the appropriate dropbox by the date specified in the course calendar. The proposal should:

  • Identify the topic in a single paragraph:
    • Summarize the policy topic you will be addressing
    • Describe the current status of the policy or topic as it relates to the differing roles and/or positions of the federal and state governments
    • Describe why this policy is important to Texas and the United States
    • Cite each of your academic journal articles (not supplemental sources) at least once in the paragraph.
  • Include a Works Cited or Reference section with at least three scholarly, peer-reviewed journal articles that will form the basis of your policy paper.
  • These three references must be cited in the final policy paper.
  • Additional sources can be added (and should if a good grade is desired), but they cannot be changed without permission after the proposal is approved.
  • The Works Cited or Reference section must be formatted using MLA citation style.
  • Do not use block quotations or first person in the proposal or final policy paper!


References provided in the proposal cannot be changed at a later date without approval (see Step 4 below).

An example of a good policy proposal is provided in eCampus.

A fundamental expectation of college writing is that all key arguments, facts, assertions and claims are supported with research (i.e. parenthetical citations). When a source has been cited, you are expected to acknowledge the source in the body of your text and on a works cited page using formal MLA citation format. The paper must be completed using the formatting guidelines provided in the syllabus as “Guidelines for all Coursework.”

I do not allow students to recycle or use essays from other courses. You must receive consent from me in order to do so and you will need to provide a solid justification. Please do not simply submit an assignment that you’ve used in another course as it will not be accepted unless approved.

An example of a good policy proposal is provided in eCampus.

Revise and Resubmit Policy

The purpose of the proposal process is for your instructor to confirm that 1) you have selected three academic journal articles and 2) that you have selected an appropriate topic. Additionally, it allows your instructor to give you feedback on your writing (grammar, sentence composition, punctuation, and spelling) as well as your use of proper MLA citation formatting.

Should you submit a proposal that 1) does not address an appropriate topic, 2) does not reference three academic journal articles, or 3) does not use proper MLA in-text citations, you will be asked to “revise and resubmit” the assignment. In such cases, a minimum letter grade deduction is always applied to the resubmitted assignment. The instructor will inform you of the due date and conditions of resubmission.

The Revise and Resubmit applies only to policy proposals that are submitted by the due date. Only one “Revise and Resubmit” will be allowed. Failure to resubmit the revision before the provided due date, or failure to correct the identified issues in need of revision, will result in a zero for the proposal grade. More seriously, students that do not successfully complete the proposal assignment are in high danger of failing the course if their policy paper topic and sources do not meet minimum requirements.

Step 4 – The Policy Paper
Prepare a formal research paper regarding the selected policy. The assignment must be between 5-8 pages excluding quotations, cover page, and Works Cited page(s).

The paper is to discuss each of the following prompts:

  • An introduction and brief overview of the policy topic.
  • What are the major issues facing each level of government?
  • What are the reasons for initiating changes to the policy?
  • What are the options to be considered (discuss several)?
  • What are the pros and cons of each potential reform (costs v. benefits)?
  • Which is the best option moving forward (pick one)?
  • A summary and conclusion

The paper must be a minimum of 5 and a maximum of 8 full pages in length, double-spaced. No more and no less is necessary for this activity. Keep direct quotes to a minimum (paraphrase instead, whenever possible) and do not use block quotations. All key arguments, facts, assertions and claims must be supported with research. The references approved in the policy proposal must be used in the policy paper: you may add additional sources (and probably should if you want an A on the assignment), but you must seek approval from the instructor at least 72 hours before the policy paper due date if you intend to change any of the scholarly sources approved in the proposal.

There will be no opportunity to revise and resubmit this assignment. Failure to meet the minimum writing requirement will result in a zero for the entire assignment (no partial credit will be awarded as this is a formal institutional assessment). A zero on this assignment will result in a failing grade for the course.

Finally, add a cover page and include the References (also known as Works Cited) page at the end. Submit all pages together as one file to the assignment dropbox.

Special Notes:

The grading standards used to assess the quality of your work for this project are detailed in a grading rubric provided in eCampus.

It is strongly suggested that every student read ahead and use the library database during the first week of the course to begin researching a topic. This project requires carefully planning throughout the semester.

Refer to the course calendar for the specific due date. The final product is to be submitted as a single file via the submission guidelines identified by the instructor. Please consult the Writing Checklist at the end of the syllabus and the Guidelines for All Coursework in Section 2 of the syllabus.

Procrastination on this project has resulted in some students, who were otherwise passing, having to fail and repeat the course.

 

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Composer: Roger Sessions

See guidance (below) on how to effectively summarize a text. SUMMARIZING A TEXTWhen you underline and annotate a text, Composer: Roger Sessions.

The instructions for this final essay is attached on file. Please use the following 5 sources: 

 

 

1.) “Roger Sessions A Biography” by Andrea Olmstead, published by Routledge, 2008 New York.

 

2.) “Roger Sessions and His Music” by Andrea Olmstead, published by UMI Research Press, 1985 in Michigan. 

 

3.) “The Correspondence of Roger Sessions” Edited by Andrea Olmstead, Published by Northeastern University Press, 1992 in Boston. 

4.) “Roger Sessions, How a “Difficult Composer Got That Way”” by Frederik Prausnitz, pubished by Oxford University Press, 2002 in New York. 5.) “Questions about Music” by Roger Sessions, published by Harvard University Press, 1970 in Massachusetts

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Reflection report on Activity about interview

Reflection report on Activity about interview.

Articles (use these articles to write the reflection. no need to find for outside reference)

Reflective writing PPT: These files will explain in general how to write reflection
Write up your reflective report: this is the explanation of our reflection.
Course work brief
Outline for HR activities: this will explain the 4 activates. Ours is number 1. So you can write why I select number one.
Two video links: I am the man in the panel wearing the dark brown in good interview video and wearing the dark gray in the bad interview. Ia m the on who is Setting in middle.

Bed Interview Link One: https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=vBz_3kxO8kQ&feature=youtu.be

Good Interview Link Two: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=C1yogh34Z1g&app=desktop

Evaluation of course work: this is question list will help in writing.

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BUSINESS STRATEGY: Case Study…Ikea Ltd

BUSINESS STRATEGY: Case Study…Ikea Ltd.

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Coursework Group Project guideline
1- Report
In the Business strategy research project, students will develop a full industry and company analysis and critics. The group will need to analyze and critically assess a company strategic orientation based on data collection, data analysis, and methodology (qualitative/quantitative), topics covered in class and literature research. The research project will address strategic management issues in order to assess your abilities to critically analyze organizations’ strategic decisions and ultimately to recommend a set of actions. The evaluation of your papers is with particular attention being paid to your application of course reading material, concepts and research references. The research question must be identified and addressed in depth and using strategic frameworks.

Key Structural Elements in Depth
A Key Strategic Issue/Problem Identification section
a) A brief background of key relevant information/facts pertinent to the company
b) State the key research issue/problem facing the organization. The statement should be direct and actionable, e.g., the problem must be stated in some way that the organization can take action to solve the problem. It should also be strategically focused, not tactically or operationally focused. One (of many ways) to determine whether an issue is strategic is to ask yourself “what happens to the organization within the next 3-5 years if the issue is not addressed?” If your answer is “not much” then it is probably not a strategic issue.
c) Evaluate and critically analysis the best case, likely case, and worst case scenarios if the strategic issue/problem is not addressed(i.e., no action is taken)
An Alternatives section to address the key issues
a) Alternatives must be strategic, and they must be mutually exclusive. For example, two alter natives for an issue could be to 1) buy the competitor, or 2) not to buy the competitor—obviously the organization cannot do both. You will usually develop 2 or 3 alternatives in an analysis. Rarely, if ever, is “do nothing” or “continue to do what they are doing” a strategic alternative for a case.
b) Critically asses your alternatives and then:
i)Discuss 2-3 strategic advantages of the alternative
ii)Discuss 2-3 strategic disadvantages of the alternatives
Recommendation section where you select 1 (and only 1) alternative from the list above as the recommendation—this answers the question of “what should the organization do?”
a) Describe 1-3 key decision criteria and/or assumptions, with rationale, that will serve as the basis of the decision.
b) State the recommended course of action (from your list of alternatives) and possibly provide a little more elaboration of the recommendation beyond its description in the alternative section
c) Describe why the recommended course of action is the best alternative and the weaknesses of the other alternatives that prevent them from being selected as the recommendation
d) Describe the goals and objectives the recommendation. This must include: 1) a stated time frame for achieving; 2) appropriate specific goals (profit, market share); 3) expected costs and benefits
A section discussing the Implementation/Action Plan—this answers the question of “how should the organization go about achieving the recommendation”. This is in many respects the most important part of the entire case analysis. This section describes how the organization should go about making the recommendation happen. This section needs to be described in as much detail as possible given the constraints in the case—when you are missing specific data, fill in using sound business judgment. Items to include (this is not necessarily a complete list):
a)Description of specific activities that need to be undertaken
b)Assignation of responsibilities
c)Costs of each activity
d)Time frames for each activity
e)Measures of success/failure for each activity
f) Possible coordination issues
g)Possible obstacles/impediments (might be HRM, Finances, Operations, Ethics,…problems) that need to be considered/dealt with to successfully implement the recommendation

* The paper must be double-spaced, use 1” margins, and use a standard (Times or Times New Roman) 12 pt. font. The case study report should be concise and coherent. The name of the case should be on the first page of the text with your names, date, and course number. The limit is 7500 words (+/- 10%), plus exhibits.
* Exhibits should contain specific types of analyses (application of a framework, table of comparisons, cost analysis, competitive features, data form the field and information that supports and is relevant)
* Please proofread/spell check your paper before turning it in. Papers for this course should be of the same quality that you would provide to the management of the business.

The paper will be comprehensive in scope and include a/an:
• Executive Summary and abstract
• The rational of the strategic analysis
• Research method and design
• Data collection and data analysis
• Analysis of findings
• Critical analysis of the current company’s strategy
• Recommended scenarios
• Discussion
• Conclusion
• References

Details of Research Proposal

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Writing Prompt: Substance abuse; In a thesis-based essay, propose a solution to a problem affecting your community (city, state, country, world, personal identity). In your essay, be sure to provide the context of the problem thoroughly, including causes

Writing Prompt: Substance abuse; In a thesis-based essay, propose a solution to a problem affecting your community (city, state, country, world, personal identity). In your essay, be sure to provide the context of the problem thoroughly, including causes.

Writing Prompt: In a thesis-based essay, propose a solution to a problem affecting your community (city, state, country, world, personal identity).  In your essay, be sure to provide the context of the problem thoroughly, including causes and effects of the issue, and provide a counter-argument.  You also must address the extent to which art can contribute to the solution. 

Your essay must integrate 5 sources of research.

 

Successful Essays will:

·         Provide a clear introduction (could be more than one paragraph) to prepare readers for your essay with background information about the topic, and include a clear thesis statement that makes an assertion about the writing prompt topic, summarizes the entire essay (without using a list), and helps readers know what to expect (please don’t say, “I will tell you…” or “This essay will explain…”).

·         Organize your paragraphs with clear topic sentences that develop and connect to the thesis; there is more than one way to organize this essay, but use PIE to keep paragraphs on topic (Point, Supporting Information, Final Explanation).

·         Support your topic sentences with strong quotes, examples, and discussion that help readers understand your ideas. Introduce quotes then cite in MLA, paraphrase, and integrate them with the discussion of the paragraph. 

·         Include research from 5 sources, including 1 peer reviewed scientific journal, 1 newspaper or magazine article, and 1 book, documentary, or survey / interview

·         Include an example of how art can contribute (or has contributed) to a solution

·         Demonstrate careful proofreading and complex sentence structures with strong focus and active verbs. Proofread carefully.

·         Follow MLA guidelines for formatting.

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