Memorandum: Examining Law in Saudi Arabia Assume you work for a hospital that has a pharmacy in-house. You have been tasked to write a memo to your manager detailing the Executive Regulations of Health Practice Law that prohibits pharmacists from dispensing antibiotics without prescription. For more information review the following case study: For further information on this law, review Sawsan K., Abrar F, Eman E., Alhalal, N., Royes J., Haytham W., & Dhafer A.. (2020). Assessment of knowledge and attitude toward the new antibiotic dispensing law and its effect on antibiotic use in Saudi Arabia. Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal, 28(1), 58–67. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsps.2019.11.005Write a 1-2 page memorandum evaluating the purpose of this law: Your report should address the following substantive requirements:Describe how Executive Regulations of Health Practice originated.Examine the purpose of the Executive Regulations of Health Practice as it pertains to antibiotics.Describe how an organization can abide by these regulations in regard to pharmacists dispensing antibiotics without a valid prescription.Your memorandum should meet the following requirements:Be 2 pages in length, not including reference page.APA writing guidelines.Provide support for your statements with in-text citations from a minimum of four scholarly articles.Utilize headings to organize the content in your work 2 pages in length, not including reference page
Saudi Electronic University Memorandum Examining Law in Saudi Arabia Questions
New England College of Business and Finance Project Management Essay
New England College of Business and Finance Project Management Essay.
Task 1Find an article describing a national project in detail. On the basis of the article and on your understanding of the project, answer the questions below. State any assumptions that you feel are necessary to provide answers.Who were the stakeholders?Was it an internal or external project?What were the most important resources used in the project? Explain.What were the needs and expectations of each stakeholder?What are the alternative approaches for this project?Was the approach selected for the project the best, in your opinion? Explain.What were the risks in the project?Rank the risks according to severity.What was done or could have been done to mitigate those risks?Was the project a success? Why?Was there enough outsourcing in the project? Explain.What lessons can be learned from this project?The assignment is to answer the question provided above in essay form. This is to be in narrative form and should be as thorough as possible. Bullet points should not to be used. The paper should be at least 1.5 – 2 pages in length, Times New Roman 12-pt font, double-spaced, 1 inch margins and utilizing at least one outside scholarly or professional source related to project management. The textbook should also be utilized. Do not insert excess line spacing. APA formatting and citation should be used.Task 21. As a student of organizational behavior, you have the opportunity to investigate what factors lead employees to make certain choices. What can this in turn help you do within your job?2. It is important for service organizations to include customer needs and requirements in assessing their effectiveness. Why is this so? Discuss3. Explain “workforce diversity.” What key managerial skill do you think is most important when dealing with workforce diversity? The assignment is to answer the question provided above in essay form. This is to be in narrative form. Bullet points should not to be used. The paper should be at least 1.5 – 2 pages in length, Times New Roman 12-pt font, double-spaced, 1 inch margins and utilizing at least one outside scholarly or professional source related to organizational behavior. This does not mean blogs or websites. This source should be a published article in a scholarly journal. This source should provide substance and not just be mentioned briefly to fulfill this criteria. The textbook should also be utilized. Do not use quotes. Do not insert excess line spacing. APA formatting and citation should be used.
New England College of Business and Finance Project Management Essay
Debate On Zoos And Aquariums Sociology Essay
term paper help Originally, zoos were created just to show off exotic animals to the public (before this only royalty and other rich people kept menageries of wild animals). Today, the main function of zoos is conservation. Without captive breeding, many endangered species would now be extinct – for example, the golden lion tamarin, red wolf and Przewalski’s horse. If endangered species were to become extinct in the wild (which sadly seems quite likely in the near future), then zoos will have preserved them for future generations, with enough genetic diversity that the possibility for reintroduction to the wild exists. In a similar way, Aquariums have contributed to the genetic evolution and manipulation of a wide amount of marine and aquatic species. The reproduction and care of aquatic animals is an important factor to take into consideration especially since 70% of the Earth’s surface is covered in water. By preserving life and allowing it to be shown in a productive environment, Zoo’s and Aquarium’s have been harmonious in the appreciation of everyday life, especially in human society. Two Views First and foremost, In order to understand what Zoos and Aquariums are, it is essential to understand what Zoology is. To explain clearly, Zoology “is the branch of biology that focuses on the structure, function, behaviour, and evolution of animals.” (Webster’s Dictionary). Almost every species of living creature can be classified into a branch of zoology and studied upon. In this essay, a general branch of animals in captivity both on land and in sea, will be explored. ‘Wordweb’ describes a Zoo as “the facility where wild animals are housed for exhibition.” A zoo thus consists of a number of wild animals living with each other with regards to the surrounding natural environment . In a zoo, a wide variety of the animals caught are placed in cages or protective barriers with the intent of “display” to the fascinate the audience. In this way, a zoo can breed different animals from captivity and display them to the crowd in hopes of generating a high income and profit. Furthermore, the animals may then be used as a form of entertainment and may experience training to achieve the needs or wants of the zoo. Most Zoos are located a distance away from town where they are bred in a contained location. Zoos are almost always privately owned and operated, and the animals are guarded and constantly kept under surveillance by security. Most Zoos charge for entry and offer additional paid services such as tours and snacks in hopes of gaining additional profit which is then further used to purchase new technology and breed new species. To specialize deeper, an aquarium, or “a tank or pool or bowl filled with water for keeping live fish and underwater animals (Wordnet)” is similar to a Zoo in many ways, except that it is entirely flooded with water. In order to maintain marine life and aquatic species, which can only exist underwater or in a water-filled environment, an aquarium is necessary. Whereas Zoos are large and confined, Aquariums often consist of different shapes and sizes. Not only can fish be viewed in an aquarium outside home. Often, aquariums are located inside Zoos alongside an ocean themed area, such as SeaWorld. An aquarium is similar to a zoo in the sense that it preserves and displays marine life, whereas a Zoo shows animal species, with more emphasis on land mammals. Whereas some Zoos may contain an aquarium section, most Zoos simply focus on maintaining a broad and exotic variety of land species, such as tropical birds or elephants. Therefore, in a center dedicated to marine studies, aquariums are necessary. Aquariums may also exist completely separate from Zoos and may have their own personalized staff to suit the needs and breed different marine creatures. Most Zoos and Aquariums are open during the day and closed during the night, to routinely follow animal sleeping habits. The actual process of capturing animals and/or marine life is highly controversial and a very commonly debated topic among fanatics. In order for Zoos to generate a steady revenue they have to make sure that they come out on top with their animal collection. In order to build a successful animal collection a lot of Zoos capture wild animals and bring them to civilization. Furthermore, wild animals, such as fish or dolphins, are captured using highly advanced netting technology, which also tend to hurt and bruise the animals. These animals are then forced into a zoo and displayed to the general public without their consent. Analysis While the creation of Zoos and Aquariums can play an important role in the future of animal society and entertainment, this process is quite often viewed with controversy and much speculation regarding the complete discussion of this matter. While some argue that Zoos are often beneficial to the preservation of life and play a crucial role in developing interest, others claim that “most visitors spend only a few minutes at each display, seeking entertainment rather than enlightenment.” (Booth) While this may be said true for certain individuals, the same is not the case with others. Among certain Zoologists, there remains a common trend where a zoologist may try to explore an animal’s characteristics in hopes of obtaining further information about the certain species. Patterns including “how they grew, how they had young, and how they behaved” (San Diego Zoo) among others were studied by Zoologists around the globe and ultimately this led to the development of more information about more animal species. In a similar article by the San Diego Zoo news post, it was stated that “Zoos today still serve that important purpose: they allow us to study and find out more about animals that we would not understand otherwise.” (San Diego Zoo). This information clearly displays the fact that Zoos in fact provide further opportunities for education and understanding of the world and its denizens. Having different species available in a zoo and witnessing the beauty of each and every different animal in motion is an mind blasting experience to witness and one that truly leaves a viewer fascinated with the wonders of life. This could in turn lead to more stimulating thought and an increase in knowledge among others. Another important feature of a Zoo is the fact that simply put, Zoos help manage conservation in an emerging environment. In a world where everything is constantly changing, and where the Earth’s habitat is constantly being destroyed, Zoos help serve as a place of protection for sorts of endangered species. “Zoos and wildlife parks are places where we can protect species that are in trouble, so they don’t disappear from the Earth completely.” ( San Diego Zoo) It is important to note that Zoo’s alone have helped protect a wide variety of species which would have otherwise been completely extinct from the face of the earth. Zoo’s therefore have the capacity to be educational, to provide arenas for scientific research, and to protect species from extinction (AZA 2002). Furthermore, The idea of sacrificing a few for the benefit of the whole comes into play in this situation. If the few animals on display in a zoo are able to raise awareness of the specific dilemma of an entire species, it could result in a more positive public response to conservation efforts (Lind burg 1995). As of the moment there are several wildlife organizations that have been influenced by Zoos in the sense that they seek to protect and preserve otherwise endangered wildlife species. However, although Zoos are enjoyable and offer entertainment, they bring with them a host of problems. Firstly, limited investment in health care is becoming a big issue in the world of animals. Zoos range in size and quality-from drive-through parks to small roadside ‘menageries’ with concrete slabs and iron bars. More than two million people visit zoos yearly, but most zoos manage with a deficit of funds and must find ways to cut costs and/or add ‘nick-knacks’ that will catch the attention of visitors. The Wall Street Journal reported in 2003 that “nearly half of the country’s zoos are facing cutbacks this year â€¦ attendance, meanwhile, is down about 3% nationwide.” Valuable funds that should’ve be put towards providing additional humane conditions for animals are often wasted on physical and external improvements. For example, landscaping, and food and gift kiosks. (Wall Street). In addition to limited investment in health care, an interesting condition among animals, known as “zoochosis”, can result from being bred in captivity. An Oxford University study based on four decades of observing animals in captivity and in the wild found that animals such as polar bears, lions, tigers, and cheetahs “show the most evidence of stress and/or psychological dysfunction in captivity” and concluded that “the keeping of naturally wide-ranging carnivores should be either fundamentally improved or phased out” (PETA 2009). This behaviour can prove to be very harmful for animals especially for those breeding future offspring. Another interesting phenomena that has resulted in the past years has been the creation of “zoo rentals”. Zoos claim to want to protect species from extinction, which sounds like a noble goal, but zoo officials usually favour exotic or popular animals-who draw crowds and publicity-rather than threatened or endangered local wildlife. The Chinese government, for example, “rents” pandas to zoos worldwide for fees of more than $1 million per year, but some question whether the profits are being directed toward panda-conservation efforts at all. (The Age) â€¨ Aquariums are a completely different story altogether. Whereas the strength of the Zoo lies in its diversity and broad variety of animals, an aquarium relies on the strength and healthiness of its species as well as its size. While also watching Aquarium fish at mega sized aquarium at homes, users can keep a broad variety of small fish in their very own aquarium within the comfort of their own home, unlike a Zoo. Interestingly enough, Studies going back as far as the late 80’s have shown that gazing at aquarium fish reduces stress and subsequently lowers blood pressure. Seniors who were provided with an aquarium filled with fish had significant blood pressure reduction. Watching fish has been shown to calm children who suffer from hyperactivity disorder. Dental patients who were subjected to hypnosis vs. an aquarium experienced the same or greater benefit from the aquarium. Other studies have shown that dental patients required less pain medication after having watched fish in the office. (Sharpe 2010). In addition to mind soothing effects, starting at aquariums may cause the viewer to adapt a more healthier, non aggressive lifestyle. According to a Purdue News August 1999 Report, “Nursing Professor Nancy Edwards” tracked 60 individuals who resided in specialized units in three Indiana nursing homes. She found that patients who were exposed to the fish tanks appeared to be more relaxed and alert, and they ate up to 21 percent more food than they had before the introduction of the fish tanks. The average increase in food consumption was 17.2 percent.” Clearly, there is a direct relationship between Aquarium usage and mental stability. Mini aquariums do require maintenance, and should not be purchased with the idea that they can be ignored for long periods of time. However, the biggest down side of small aquariums is that problems can occur swiftly, and are often fatal before they can be rectified. This is due to the small volume of water in which the fish live. Changes in water chemistry and temperature can happen in a matter of a few hours – or even minutes. Therefore it is critical to monitor the water conditions closely, and perform water changes faithfully. Also, the larger the aquarium is, the more energy used to run it. This is especially true for reef tanks that require well lighting. For reef tanks, most of the corals used come directly from the ocean reef and experts speculate that we will eventually deplete the ocean of its reefs, which take hundreds of years to grow. The fish themselves are sometimes taken directly from the ocean and most die in the process because they can never adjust to “tank life.” Lastly, fish tanks are work. In general, the type of tank you have determines the level of work you want to invest in it with reef tanks being the most exhausting. Canadian View For Canada, this could mean a wide variety of things. Currently, around 287 hectares (710 acres), the Toronto Zoo is the third largest in the world. (CIA World Fact Book). This clearly shows that Canadians love wildlife and entertainment. For Canada to take a broader step in furthering its love for wildlife it has to dedicate its resources and open up organizations to support the noble cause of defending our planet. Canadians need to make a pact and treat the earth kindly, because if you think about it, the Earth may be “Gaia” (Lovelocks theory). Hopefully if Canada tries to boost its image as the public defender of wildlife using its large amount of land mass to back it up, it could most definitely influence other counties in up-and-coming economies to actually make an effort to stop climate change and focus on revitalizing wildlife as well as participating in eco-friendly activities. Conclusion The future for Zoos and Aquariums is not a matter of time, but a matter of change. There remain a few questions to be answered: Who will initiate new changes towards the environment? There needs to be a social stability – a division – that must combine the thin line between susceptibility and self- utilization. All in all, Canada needs to brighten its ideas if it wants to enforce goals of climate change. Zoos are good for entertainment purposes, but the government must step in and gradually start focusing on the health area as well. In conclusion, it must be noted that while Zoos and Aquariums offer a variety of benefits, such as pressure-relief, environmental affection, and entertainment, they are accompanied with a wide variety of problems that could become serious if they are not dealt with in the long run. Works Cited “Animal Cruelty – Zoos.” Vegan Peace. Web. 22 Jan. 2010. . “BBC NEWS | Entertainment | Born Free star McKenna honoured.” BBC NEWS | News Front Page. Web. 22 Jan. 2010. . “Big Beasts, Tight Space and a Call for Change in Journal Report – NYTimes.com.” The New York Times – Breaking News, World News
Lisa Ko’s Book “The Leavers”: A Poignant Story of Those Who Cannot Settle Down Essay
Lisa Ko’s book The Leavers may be analyzed under different angles: as the narration of an abandoned child or as the account of a woman who had to mature too soon. However, apart from these personal feelings, The Leavers is also a story of another tragedy: the fear of not knowing where one’s place in the world is. This inability to relate oneself ethnically does not concern only geography. Rather, the main character cannot understand who he is spiritually, which culture he feels more comfortable in, and what nationality he should consider as his native one. One of the hooks the author uses to make the book unusual is the number of narrators and the organization of their accounts. Two people are central speakers in The Leavers: Daniel, or Deming, and Polly, or Peilan. Many settings are described throughout the book: home and school, the Bronx and upstate New York, and Fuzhou and Beijing. Ultimately, The Leavers is a story of how tragic one’s life can be when one does not know how to settle down and cannot realize where he or she belongs. The first thing that stroke me when reading was that the mother abandoned her son and started pursuing her life-long dream of living a better life and traveling. For me, it was impossible to understand why Polly had not taken her child with her or at least had not talked to him about it or left a note. The boy was so attached to his mother that he even lied about a school assignment so that she would leave work earlier and he could spend some extra time with her (Ko 3). The boy, whose name was still Deming at that point, was very fond of having walks with his only close person in the whole world and of having conversations with her. For me, it was a very sad point when I realized that Polly had gone. However, later, it became obvious that the woman’s freedom-loving nature could not let her act differently. Thus, instead of accusing Polly, I started sympathizing with her. Ko not only makes the reader feel sympathetic and understanding but she also speaks through her characters to push the audience to such a change of feelings. Polly remarks that Deming would not blame her so much and could understand her if he knew more about her (Ko 122). Having lost her mother to cancer at the age of only six months, the girl was raised by her strict father. The man “used to say women yapped too much,” so the girl had grown up “eating her words” (Ko 121). Later, the Polly realized that she had too many words “backed up” inside her (Ko 121). The story of Daniel’s mother’s life deserves compassion, but there was still one aspect that kept me doubtful about her decision. If she had felt what it was like to live without a mother, how could she have let her son have the same kind of an unhappy life? However, whether I approve of Polly’s choices or not, I must admit that the author did a great job depicting the hardships of an immigrant Chinese woman who fails to find her place in her native country, in the USA, or even in her life. The same problem is experienced by Daniel. The most prominent evidence of the boy’s constant feeling out of place is the fact that he has two names both of which are used throughout the book. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More His mother continues to call him Deming even after a long time of separation. However, his foster parents who want him to accommodate to the USA better give him the name Daniel. Through discussing profound topics and carefully selecting vocabulary for dialogues and narrations, Ko makes it clear that changing a name is not going to help the main character to adjust. Thus, here the reader encounters another dramatic story: that of a boy who is not only abandoned by his mother but is also very lonely in the society in which he finds himself. Daniel is constantly torn between the two worlds, and he cannot feel comfortable in any of them. In his new school, he is the only Chinese American, which makes his classmates inclined to mock and offend him. The boy recollects how “in the city, he had been just another kid” (Ko 69). The new experience teaches him that it is “exhausting” to be “conspicuous” (Ko 69). Daniel describes it as a problem of being “too visible and invisible at the same time” (Ko 59). Along with depicting these issues at school, the author also pays much attention to the boy’s changing feelings toward his national identity. The identity problem for Daniel is closely associated with languages. In order to be accepted as an American, the boy has to speak English. Sometimes, though, he prefers to communicate in Chinese since it offers more freedom of expression: “he loved cursing in Chinese, the breadth of options unavailable in English” (Ko 271). However, there are instances when Daniel feels ashamed of his Chinese origin. This is where the author uses the power of the word to explain the dreadful situation when one refuses to speak one’s native language, being afraid of feeling diminished. Once, he sees a woman in the street who is lost asks him for help in Mandarin. However, the boy replies in English, “I can’t speak Chinese” (Ko 21). In this episode, the author shows the tragedy of being torn between one’s desire to help and the need to remain “cool” in the eyes of others. Unfortunately, he chooses the second option, and later feels the pang of remorse. Overall, despite the variety of themes and settings depicted in The Leavers, there is one general theme that serves as a leitmotif of the book: the theme of displacement. The title can be interpreted in two ways, meaning both those who leave and the ones who are left. The main characters know this “leaving” from both sides, and the experience produces many negative effects on them. Some events and actions can be understood and even forgiven, but they are unlikely to be forgotten. The book is an outstanding depiction of the life of a female immigrant who decides to grasp her chance to escape from the circumstances strangling her. Unfortunately, her escape involves leaving behind her son whose life is not going to be any easier without a mother. In The Leavers, Ko manages not only to show the complicated life of immigrants but also to evoke the reader’s analysis of complex life problems. Work Cited Ko, Lisa. The Leavers. Algonquin Books of Chapel Hill, 2017. We will write a custom Essay on Lisa Ko’s Book “The Leavers”: A Poignant Story of Those Who Cannot Settle Down specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More
MGDI 71441 UOM Human Resource Management Learning Training and Development Essay
MGDI 71441 UOM Human Resource Management Learning Training and Development Essay.
All the requirements are included in the document named “Requirements” which I have uploaded below. I uploaded the course content that you will need to refer to. Also, there will be some reflective writing examples you can look at. please make sure you look through all the course content and the requirements before starting to write.This essay mainly includes 2 sections (in the “Requirements” document, I already tell you what needs to be included in each section). Section (a) should be around 500-550 words. When you start to write the type of learning theory, you need to refer to The BIG six which is in the slide document named “LTD LECTURE ONE 2020”. When you start to write the reflective model, you need to refer to the Gibbs model which is in the slide document named “LTD Lecture TWO 2020 BBversion. (You may little confused at this point, but when you look through the “Requirements” document, everything will be clear).
MGDI 71441 UOM Human Resource Management Learning Training and Development Essay