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Sandel’s Analysis of Utilitarianism and Libertarianism Essay

Table of Contents Utilitarianism Libertarianism Citizenship, Sacrifice and Service Inequality and Solidarity Conclusion Works Cited The United States is experiencing a social crisis. The problem is characterized by young students armed with handguns, corporate greed and families caving in because of financial difficulties. Sandel a legal expert asserted that the American public must reinterpret concepts of liberty, prosperity, equality, and human rights. He said that it is not enough to simply develop a framework that will protect the welfare of the majority. There is a desperate need for people of diverse backgrounds to work together. Sandel said that American citizens must learn sacrifice in order to achieve true equality. Before going any further it must be understood that the present is a mere byproduct of the decisions and actions made in the past. The current state of the social and moral landscape of the United States of America can be understood through the study of American history. By doing so, one can understand the meaning and value of liberty, prosperity, equality, and human rights. It is also important to point out that the belief system used to interpret these concepts is the result of nation building. This is the process that came about after the dramatic transformation of the United States from a former colony to an independent nation. It is therefore important to point out the circumstances that led to the creation of the U.S. political system that incorporated the principles of utilitarianism and libertarianism. In other words, it is not enough to simply view these concepts as a means to develop a framework for creating laws and political decisions. These concepts must be understood in their proper context. Therefore, liberty must be understood in relation to experience of the Americans living in the colonies as they asserted their independence against the British Empire. Equality and human rights must be understood in the context of the national struggle to break free from tyranny. Prosperity must be understood in the pursuit of the American Dream. Utilitarianism It is now time to figure out the basis for the policies enacted to promote liberty, equality, human rights, and prosperity. There are two major frameworks used by lawmakers and political leaders. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The first one is utilitarianism and the second one is libertarianism. John Stuart Mill’s interpretation of utilitarianism contributed greatly to the discussion on how to develop the correct framework for policymaking purposes. He pointed out, that there is a much better way to develop guidelines that can help society deal with social issues. John Stuart Mill said that “actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness, wrong as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness” (Mill 1). This theory is generally known in legal circles as utilitarianism. In the utilitarian framework a correct decision can be achieved if the end goal is the creation of happiness. It must not be interpreted as a self-indulgent mindset even if it seeks to eliminate pain, discomfort, and other negative feelings. It must be understood from the point of view of John Stuart Mill. He clarified that there must be a standard and this standard: is not the agent’s own greatest happiness, but the greatest amount of happiness altogether; and if it may possibly be doubted whether a noble character is always the happier for its nobleness, there can be no doubt that it makes other people happier, and that the world in general is immensely a gainer by it. Utilitarianism, therefore, could only attain its end by the general cultivation of nobleness of character (Mill 7). Sandel understood the core principle of utilitarianism and made the remarks: “One way of thinking about the right thing to do, perhaps the most natural and familiar way, is to ask what will produce the greatest happiness for the greatest number of people” (Sandel 9). But this legal expert was quick to make a counter-argument “that maximizing utility, or collective happiness, may come at the expense of individual rights” (Sandel 9). This assertion is a valid point especially if one considers the tendency of the majority to create laws that ignores the welfare of the minority. Libertarianism Utilitarianism provided a clear goal and that is the pursuit of happiness for the greatest number of people. However, one can find several weaknesses in this argument. It is therefore important to address a problematic issue of utilitarianism which is the creation of a standard that oversimplifies social issues. Thus, the concept of libertarianism was introduced as an alternative view. Libertarianism addresses the need to clarify the importance of human rights. According to Sandel: We will write a custom Essay on Sandel’s Analysis of Utilitarianism and Libertarianism specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Libertarians are best known as advocates of free markets and critics of government regulation. Underlying their laissez-faire stance is the idea that each of us has a fundamental right to liberty – a right to do whatever we want wit the things we own, provided we do not violate other people’s rights to do the same (Sandel 49). The high value given to liberty explains the reason why a clarification was made regarding the source of these ideas. It must be pointed out that the libertarian’s point of view was heavily influenced by historical events. Libertarianism is the assurance that the tyranny of the elite can no longer be repeated in the future. But in the 21st century the fear of oppression from a monarchy is no longer a relevant issue. In fact, liberty is now seen as an indirect cause to some of the problems faced by many Americans today. This negative consequence is the result of the misuse of liberty, especially if viewed from the clause stating that every American citizen has the right to do whatever he wants to do. It is easy to abuse liberty, even if one adds limitations, such as the idea that everything is feasible as long as the person does not violate the rights of others. Citizenship, Sacrifice and Service Liberty is important especially when viewed in countries where a dictator rules. Liberty is precious especially after a recent declaration of independence. But liberty can be counter-productive if citizens of the State have become self-centered in their pursuit of happiness. The best example is the use of liberty to exploit legal loopholes. The damaging effect of liberty can be seen in the way it was used to bend rules in order to exploit people. Sandel argued that the citizens of this nation must have a strong sense of community. It must incorporate the highest ideals of utilitarianism and libertarianism. In other words this country must work towards policies that will benefit the greatest number of people without trampling individual rights. It is not as improbable as one would think but it would require a change in mindset concerning the importance of liberty, prosperity, equality and human rights. Sandel made an important observation when it comes to the pursuit of the good life. He was correct to assert that there is nothing wrong with the need to create a good life. But the disturbing development in 21st century America can be traced to the lack of a sense of community. Thus, individuals tend to work on their own without regard to others. The inability to form meaningful relationships with diverse groups of people intensified the development of elitist thinking. Furthermore, there is also the increasing addiction to the idea of privatization. The idea of private property is one of the most enduring and important legacies of the founding fathers. They strived hard to provide individual citizens the right to have their own property. Therefore, they can live like kings in their own domain. However, there are many instances when privatization can lead to selfish behavior. It is high time to understand that privatization has limits. A person must not build his own kingdom and create a barrier that separates him form the rest of the community. It will not take long before that person experiences the sting of isolation. This person may succeed in creating an oasis in a city torn by violence and poverty. Not sure if you can write a paper on Sandel’s Analysis of Utilitarianism and Libertarianism by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More But what will be the effect the moment he steps out of his cocoon? There are many incidents wherein rich people get killed from mugging and other violent acts. In other words, this person has to work really hard in order to create slice of heaven on Earth, in order to insulate himself from the outside world. The unintended consequence is the need for the ordinary person to work like a slave in order to achieve happiness. In the past children were happy with toys that they can make on their own. Today, a typical American child cannot be happy unless his parents bring him to a toy store selling expensive items. When he grows up and become a teenager, his appetite for expensive toys remains the same. He will then pressure his parents to buy video games and other items that can cost hundreds of dollars The desperate desire to acquire more wealth in order to buy things that they do not need has driven men and women to do things that they would regret later in life. In many cases business leaders are forced to bend the rules in order to increase the profit margins of their respective companies. The best examples were the erring companies that went bankrupt after the government indicted them because of irregularities. The story of Enron and WorldCom is a reminder that America requires a transformation from within (Fusaro
Bryant and Stratton College Health Care in The United States Discussion.

An inability to speak English is recognized as an obstacle to health care in the United States, but how health care providers alter their approach when confronted with this barrier varies widely throughout the country.  Individual state legislation on language access services (LAS) varies throughout the country, although more and more emphasis has been placed upon enacting policies, strategies, and models to address the increasing issue of language access needs in health care.

Your text discusses that California played a pivotal role in addressing this health disparity by enacting language access service requirements.  For example, one requirement implemented in California holds providers that match state and federal funds accountable to include business and medical documents to be translated into the appropriate languages of constituents it serves.

Identify, research, and analyze your own state’s language access barriers.  Explain if your state has legislated language access service requirements for providers?  If so, assess what this includes?  If not, propose at least two ideas for language access service requirements to aid in culturally responsive health care providers.

Please watch the following video, which is an example of how to use a low-tech communication aid, also called “assistive technology,” between non-english proficient individuals and English-speaking medical providers.  This communication board is currently in use at the University of Iowa in efforts to provide culturally responsive care and treatment.

While researching through the Virtual Library or on, find another adaptive device or idea to aid in decreasing language barriers in efforts to provide quality medical care for non-english proficient individuals.  Draw conclusions related to the potential effectiveness of the chosen assistive device. Write a short essay on how this device or idea is or can be utilized in health care settings.
Part 3

Language is embedded in culture in many different ways, both in verbal and non-verbal communication.  Choose two different cultures and compare and contrast a difference in non-verbal communication.  List one idea to increase communication crossculturally.
Part 4

Describe the main points or ideas you learned this week. How did your interactions with classmates and/or your instructor build upon your learning?
From this week’s learning, describe which main point you found most important. Identify how it relates to your life, community, or career.

( please refer to the class syllabus) 
*cite and reference any work that you copied and/or paraphrased from our course book or outside sources

Bryant and Stratton College Health Care in The United States Discussion

Law Harvard University Indigenous population Essay

Law Harvard University Indigenous population Essay.

The deadline for this task is very vital. Please adhere to it as not extensions can be provided
Request: Write a 1200 words essay for my BJU class following the prompt provided below and using only  the references provided.You DON’T have to include a reference section, yet the information approached should be ONLY from the 5 materials which are attached. NO other materials are accepted. Also the paper needs to be formatted as the professor instructed in the file attached (it is NOT APA standard, so please read this carefully to ensure that you match the format);
Question: Discuss the proposed changes to the Constitution to give recognition to the Indigenous population of Australia and the benefits and/or negatives around such suggested changes. Include any past Constitutional amendments which have attempted to bring more justice in the relationship between the Australian legal system and the indigenous population. Are there alternative proposals/suggestions to help with Indigenous recognition, beyond these current proposed Constitutional changes?
Law Harvard University Indigenous population Essay

Anthropology homework help

best essay writers Anthropology homework help. Motivation is a complex subject, but its understanding and application is central to the success of management and the organization. Imagine that the CEO of your organization (current or past) has tasked you with recommending actions to promote employee?s involvement. This is a very important task. We recommend you start by drafting an outline of you potential ideas. Thereafter, you can explain in detail your proposal to the CEO. The outline should not be a reiteration of motivation theory, but should provide succinct points that cover the key topics of motivation and provides a road map that management can implement to improve motivation within the organization.HINT: Review Chapter 8, page 242. Also, you might want to think about a specific job or unit you worked previously.Write a four to five (4-5) pages paper in which you:Create a one (1) page outline in which you select topics and subtopics around your recommendations to improve the employee?s involvement.Explain three (3) of the most critical topics you have included in your outline, and propose a potential course of implementation. (3-4 pages)Use at least two (2) quality academic resources you have located using the Strayer Library resources / databases in this assignment.ÿNote:ÿWikipedia does not qualify as an academic resource, and neither do web-based blogs.Format your assignment according to the following formatting requirements:Typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides.Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student?s name, the professor?s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page is not included in the required page length.Include a reference page. Citations and references must follow APA format. The reference page is not included in the required page length.The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:Analyze the relationship between the basic organizational behavior models of individual, group, and organizational processes, and the productivity of an organization.Explain the variety of motivational theories and job design considerations.Use technology and information resources to research issues in leadership and organizational behavior.Write clearly and concisely about leadership and organizational behavior using proper writing mechanics.Click here to view the grading rubric for this assignment.Anthropology homework help

West Virginia Junior College Morgantown CEO Keystone Holdings Inc Memorandum

West Virginia Junior College Morgantown CEO Keystone Holdings Inc Memorandum.

The final draft of the memo is due . Please make the necessary changes to your memo based on my comments on your rough draft. Copy and Paste my my comments on your rough draft into the text box on Blackboard so I can reference them when grading your final memo.Comments:-see the PowerPoint for heading and alignment directions.-No indenting paragraphs. Paragraphs are too long. Use short paragraphs. New idea = New paragraph.-You need to incorporate techniques of memo writing…headings, bulleted lists, short paragraphs that lend itself to readability.-First paragraph is very wordy and many errors. See the directions for the first paragraph.-You need to condense this to 2 pages using only the most important details from the article. You also may use examples from the article to illustrate your point. -See the directions for where to put “Attached : article title…: No reference at the end.-proofread for errors and awkward wording.This is the document prvided by professor: draft and source is attached
West Virginia Junior College Morgantown CEO Keystone Holdings Inc Memorandum

Academy of Healing Arts Top Important Trends in the Cyber Security Essay

Academy of Healing Arts Top Important Trends in the Cyber Security Essay.

You are to provide a research paper that provides a summary of the three top trends in your industry (with associated NAICS codes). Provide sufficient background for your reader that the trend is clear and supported by resources you have found. ensure that you are using “in text” citations to give credit for the ideas of other authors and to build your credibility as a researcher, neither ignoring sources nor quoting excessively. you will develop a paper that accomplishes two objectives:*It will identify the three top trends in your industry and your rationale for your choices based on the resources you found;*It will discuss an issue within one of the trends that you deem important, based on the current state of the industry, and will be supported by your analysis of facts and a well-reasoned conclusion of what it means to the industry.Findings (First-level heading, centered, bold)Top Trends of the _____ Industry (Second-level heading, bold, flush left)An important emerging issue in a trend (and what it means in context to the industry) (Second-level heading, bold, flush left)Conclusions (First-level heading, centered, bold)References (New page, first-level position, not bold)(paper will be five to seven pages, not including a cover page and References page(s), double-spaced, and set up in APA standards. It does not require an abstract.)
Academy of Healing Arts Top Important Trends in the Cyber Security Essay