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San Jose State University Factorial Design Discussion

San Jose State University Factorial Design Discussion.

Factorial design refers to a study that has more than one independent variable. According to Saleh, Tuzen, and Sar?, (2018), Scholars use A notation to represent the number of levels on one of the independent variables under consideration. In contrast, the second notation B represents the number of levels for the second variable.Factor in statistics refers to a variable that stands on its own and that which cannot be changed by other variables that the researchers want to measure .The main effect in statistics refers to the effect that one of the independent variables has on a variable that depends on others, but the effects of another independent variable must not be taken into consideration (Saleh, Tuzen, and Sar?, 2018).A cell refers to a single box in which an individual can record data pieces .An interaction in statistics refers to what happens after the effect of one independent variable on the dependent one changes depending on another independent variable’s level (Saleh, Tuzen, and Sar?, 2018).
The factorial design ANOVA assumes that the dependent variable used in the analysis should use metric measurement level, whereas the independent variable needs to be nominal or better.  Scholars recommend that independent variables be grouped first if they are not nominal or ordinal before carrying out the factorial ANOVA.  Scholars also assume that the variance analysis on factorial design considers the dependent variable as an approximate of multivariate normal distribution (Breitsohl, 2019). Additionally, statisticians have an assumption that the error variance throughout the sample is the same at all data points.  Statisticians believe that a high variation depicts that the results that have been arrived at are more collect.
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n a factorial design, the main effect of an independent variable is its overall effect averaged across all other independent variables. There is one main effect for each independent variable. There is an interaction between two independent variables when the effect of one depends on the level of the other. A cell means the various model estimates, one parameter is given for every cell, and the intercept is set to 0. They are not useful in overall tests but are used in simple estimate statements. Factors are control experimenter variables during experiments to determine their impact on the variable that is responding. Factors may use a number of values that are limited based on what is chosen by the experimenters. A main effect is the effect of one independent variable on the dependent variable—averaging across the levels of the other independent variable. There is one main effect to consider for each independent variable in the study. Main effects are independent of each other in the sense that whether or not there is a main effect of one independent variable says nothing about whether or not there is a main effect of the other. There is an interaction effect when the effect of one independent variable depends on the level of another. Although this might seem complicated, you already have an intuitive understanding of interactions. As an everyday example, assume your friend asks you to go to a movie with another friend. Your response to her is, well it depends on which movie you are going to see and who else is coming.
The factorial ANOVA has several assumptions that need to be fulfilled by interval data of the dependent variable, normality, homoscedasticity, and no multicollinearities. Furthermore, similar to all tests that are based on variation the quality of results is stronger when the sample contains a lot of variation – i.e., the variation is unrestricted and not truncated. The factorial ANOVA requires the dependent variable in the analysis to be of metric measurement level (that is ratio or interval data) the independent variables can be nominal or better. If the independent variables are not nominal or ordinal they need to be grouped first before the factorial ANOVA can be done. The factorial analysis of variance assumes that the dependent variable approximates a multivariate normal distribution. The assumption needs can be verified by checking graphically or tested with a goodness of fit test against normal distribution. Some statisticians argue that the limit theorem implies that large random samples automatically approximate normal distribution. Small, non-normal samples can be increased in size by bootstrapping. However, if the observations are not completely random, e.g., when a specific subset of the general population has been chosen for the analysis, increasing the sample size might not fix the violation of multivariate normality. In these cases, it is best to apply a non-linear transformation, e.g., log transformation, to the data. The transformation would be correctly described as transforming the scores into an index. For example, we would transform our murder rate per 100,000 inhabitants into a murder index, because the log-transformation of the murder rate would not easily make sense numerically. The factorial ANOVA assumes homoscedasticity of error variances, which means that the error variances of all data points of the dependent variable are equal or homogenous throughout the sample. In simpler terms this means that the variability in the measurement error should be constant along the scale and not increase or decrease with larger values. The Levene’s Test addresses this assumption. As factorial ANOVA requires the observations to be mutually independent from each other (e.g., no repeated measurements) and that the independent variables are independent from each other. And like most statistical analysis, the higher the variation within the sample the better the results of the factorial ANOVA. Restricted or truncated variance, e.g., because of biased sampling, results in lower F-values, which increases the p-values.
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Recommended Textbooks:
1.Discovering Statistics and Data, 3rd Edition, by Hawkes. Published by Hawkes Learning Systems.
2.Lind, Marchal, Wathen, Statistical Techniques in Business and Economics, 16th Edition.
San Jose State University Factorial Design Discussion

Use LucidChart (free) In the following exercises, you have to create ERDs based on the tables provided for respective databases. Be sure to include primary keys, foreign keys, and appropriate relationships. Instead of making guesses about the relationships, study the data well and make your inferences relying on your judgement. A. Make an ERD For Video Store. Try to follow the Tiny college solution included in one of Module1 materials as a guide and complete all the requirements: primary keys, foreign keys, relationships. B. Make an ERD for Chazy Associates data. The files for both parts are enclosed below. You should use the Lucid chart software to create ERDs (no hand-drawn ERDs please). See Instructions for Lucid Chart in Module 2 to set up an account. On Lucidchart you can share a document and work on it simultaneously as a group.
CVCC Linguistic Terrorism Thesis Statement and Outline.

4.5 Writing Techniquesthesis statement and outlineUsing the Rhetorical Methods in Academic Writing in Back to the Lake (p. 20-26). Please review and have reference materials handy while completing this assignment.To complete this assignment, you will identify a topic addressed in “Linguistic Terrorism,” establish your own position on the topic, state your position as a thesis statement, and create an outline.Identify the theme or topic from the reading that most interests you.Turn the topic into a question (i.e. How diverse is my neighborhood?)Answer your question (this will result in a statement of your position on the topic)Narrow the focus of your statement (this will result in a thesis statement)Next, create a basic outline. Make sure you have three or four main points that support your thesis statement. Also, provide at least one quote or paraphrase from the reading selection from Back to the Lake to accompany each main point in your thesis (these text references may share or oppose your position). Finally, be sure to include some examples or observations from your own experience that support your main points. Compose your intro paragraph and one supporting paragraph. It will be helpful to review the section in Back to the Lake on this part of the writing process on pages 56-61. “Linguistic Terrorism”(Reference )_Deslenguadas. Somos los del español deficiente. We are your linguistic nightmare, your linguistic aberration, your linguistic mestizaje, the subject of your burla. Because we speak with tongues of fire we are culturally crucified. Racially, culturally, and linguistically somos huérfanos–we speak an orphan tongue.Chicanas who grew up speaking Chicano Spanish have internalized the belief that we speak poor Spanish. It is illegitimate, a bastard language. And because we internalize how our language has been used against us by the dominant culture, we use our language differences against each other.Chicana feminists often skirt around each other with suspicion and hesitation. For the longest time I couldn’t figure it out. Then it dawned on me. To be close to another Chicana is like looking into the mirror. We are afraid of what we’ll see there. Pena. Shame. Low estimation of self. In childhood we are told that our language is wrong. Repeated attacks on our native tongue diminish our sense of self. The attacks continue throughout our lives.Chicanas feel uncomfortable talking in Spanish to Latinas, afraid of their censure. Their language was not outlawed in their countries. They had a whole lifetime of being immersed in their native tongue; generations, centuries in which Spanish was a first language, taught in school, heard on radio and TV, and read in the newspaper.If a person, Chicana or Latina, has a low estimation of my native tongue, she also has a low estimation of me. Often with mexicanas y latinas we’ll speak English as a neutral language. Even among Chicanas we tend to speak English at parties or conferences. Yet, at the same time, we’re afraid the other will think we are agringadas because we don’t speak Chicano Spanish. We oppress each other trying to out Chicano each other, vying to be the “real” Chicanas, to speak like Chicanos. There is no one Chicano language just as there is no one Chicano experience. A monolingual Chicana whose first language is English or Spanish is just as much a Chicana as one who speaks several varieties of Spanish. A Chicana from Michigan or Chicago or Detroit is just as much a Chicana as one from the Southwest. Chicano Spanish is as diverse linguistically as it is regionally.By the end of this century, Spanish speakers will comprise the biggest minority group in the U.S., a country where students in high schools and colleges are encouraged to take French classes because French is considered more “cultured.” But for a language to remain alive it must be used. (1) By the end of this century English, and not Spanish, will be the mother tongue of most Chicanos and Latinos.***So, if you want to really hurt me, talk badly about my language. Ethnic identity is twin skin to linguistic identity–I am my language. Until I can take pride in my language, I cannot take pride in myself. Until I can accept as legitimate Chicano Texas Spanish, Tex Mex, and all the other languages I speak, I cannot accept the legitimacy of myself. Until I am free to write bilingually and to switch codes without having always to translate, while I still have to speak English or Spanish when I would rather speak Spanglish, and as long as I have to accommodate the English speakers rather than having them accommodate me, my tongue will be illegitimate.I will no longer be made to feel ashamed of existing. I will have my voice. Indian, Spanish, white. I will have my serpent’s tongue–my woman’s voice, my sexual voice, my poet’s voice. I will overcome the tradition of silence.
CVCC Linguistic Terrorism Thesis Statement and Outline

To file share or not to file share? That is the question. Should free music off the internet be legal? Who is in the right- Napster or the music industry? There are some of the topics I hoped to discuss when I invited four journalists to my house to debate the controversial issue of online music. Ding-dong! “Uh-oh”, I think, wiping my hands on a paper towel. “They must be here early.” It’s six-thirty, my guests aren’t due to arrive until seven, and I am already a half-hour behind. The lobsters are still boiling on the stove, the chunky potatoes are rock-hard and my spinach salad lies in pieces all over the kitchen floor. Things aren’t off to such a good start. I am supposed to be hosting a small, informal discussion tonight with a few journalists. The topic of the forum concerns the recent legal uproar about online music organizations such as Napster, Morpheus and Kazaa. I have invited a variety of people; some of whom have clashing opinions. I am looking forward to a heated and intellectual discussion; which will be good because I am planning on writing a book on the subject of online music. I haven’t decided yet whose side I am on; the music industry or the internet music providers. Hopefully, tonight’s discussion will provide me with some insight as to which side to stand on. Or maybe, I won’t have to choose a side…who knows? As I walk to the front door, I can’t help but feel just a little bit anxious, but excited at the same time. “I wonder who it is…who had the nerve to be fifteen minutes early?” I think to myself. I open the great oak door to find Tobey Grumet, a journalist from Popular Mechanics magazine. “How’s it going?” he asks casually as he walks through the entryway. “It’s nice to finally meet you.” I say. I can’t help but stare at him. I had heard that he was good looking, but geez! He has shoulder-length blonde hair that he has pulled back into a ponytail. He has chiseled features, but not too chiseled. He is wearing gray tweed pants that are only slightly baggy, a black woolen sweater and a hemp necklace. “Wow, nice place,” he remarks as he walks into my dining room. “Do you own this house?” “Yeah, I do..” I reply, shaking my head to get out of my trance. He follows me into the kitchen, and, seeing the state that it is in, offers to help me get ready. “It’s a good thing I got here first. I don’t think that Michael Miller would appreciate this…” he remarks as he is chopping up a tomato for the salad. “That guy is a total corporate pushover” he continues, his chopping getting a little bit more intense. I smile politely. I want to be completely impartial tonight, and I try very hard not to let what Tobey is saying affect my opinion of Michael Miller, a journalist a PC Magazine. We work in silence for about ten more minutes. By the time the doorbell rings again, the only thing left to do is drain the water out of the potato pot. “Thank you so much for all your help,” I exclaim as I walk to answer the door. “You are a lifesaver!” “No problem!” Tobey shouts after me. Who should be at the door, but Michael Miller. “Nice to meet you” he says to me in a grave manner. He is a short, thin man of about 45, with graying hair. His gray Armani suit looks a tad bit too big on him. “Goodness, Mr. Miller,” I exclaim. “You are making me feel like a bum in my jeans and turtleneck!” “Please,” he replies, “I apologize for the way I’m dressed. You must forgive me; I just came from a journalist’s convention downtown. I didn’t have time to change.” “No worries,” I assure him. One by one, they all arrive; Brian Smithers and Margaret Popper. We chat informally for a few minutes in the study over bourbon. I am mostly quiet, making mental observations of the ways my guests treat each other. For the most part, they seem to be enjoying each other’s company. Even Tobey seems to be getting along with Michael Miller. Next, my guests are all seated while I bring out the food. Our conversation starts out very formal. Then, I bring out the big question: “So, does anyone have any thoughts on the new online music providers like MUSICNET?” There is a short silence. My guests look at their plates, as if thinking about the best way to answer the question. I know all of them are thinking hard about the question; being journalists to major technology magazines, this kind of issue is a major obsession with them. It was finally Michael Miller who breaks the ice. “Well,” he says, putting down his fork, “I think it’s obvious that the Napsters of the world were breaking the law and cheating legitimate musicians out of money.” “Wait a second,” protests Tobey. “Don’t you think it’s a little bit unfair to say that? It’s not like the ‘musicians’ aren’t getting enough money anyways. And it isn’t the musicians who are getting gypped, it’s the multi-million dollar music companies like BMG.” “The real issue isn’t about money, it’s more about the reputations of musicians,” says Margaret Popper, a journalist at Business Week. She tucks her short brown bob cut back behind her ears. “Doesn’t it concern anyone here that free online music allows people to essentially preview albums? Most people won’t buy an album just for one song if they can listen to it beforehand for free. These online music providers are contributing to a complete decrease in album sales.” “Look,” says Brian Smithers, “you are all missing the point. Free online music is about more than just getting music. Did you ever stop to think that independent musicians use these providers to get out there? It is a fabulous resource for people who aren’t affiliated with the music industry giants like EMI and BMG.” I sit back and watch interested. So far, I’ve got two for free online music, two against it. I ask another leading question. “Do you think it should be legal to create and share music files online for free?” Again, there is a slight pause. Brian Smithers raises his shaven head and replies, “Well, yes, absolutely. I mean, think about it. You are already paying for internet service. Why shouldn’t the music be free? The internet is a place where everyone can come together and share things. It is a community. It should be free.” “No,” snaps Michael Miller, “the music that is shared online is part of an industry. An industry has a major goal to make a lot of money. How are industries supposed to make any money, and keep the economy going, if people can get music for free? It is cheating them out of money.” Brian looks directly at Miller with a glare in his eyes. His eyebrow ring glints in the light. “This is exactly what I am talking about. People who are obsessed with corporate America. Well, I hate to break it to you, but life isn’t all about corporations. It’s the little people who matter too.” “Whoa, hold on there partner!” exclaims Miller. “I am not suggesting that. But when something is copyrighted, by law that copyright cannot be broken. It’s a legal thing.” As the night wears on, the conversation grows more and more heated. My guests remain stubborn and stick to their original points until it is time for them to go. As the last car drives off down the street, I head to the kitchen to wash dishes. My mind starts to wander. Napster launched in early 1999. It was the first of its kind; the idea and technology for sharing music files online had never been dreamed of before. (Brown) It quickly became wildly popular; after all, what music listener could argue with free music? Soon after its emergence, several other Napster copy-cats came onto the scene. Also soon after its launch, the Recording Industry Association of America made Napster its “public enemy number 1” (Brown). Napster was the first to be hit with claims of illegality by the music industry. According to Janelle Brown in her article on, bands such as Metallica complained that they were being cheated out of copyright money, and they claimed that CD sales were dropping. The Supreme Court ultimately decided that the music industry was correct to demand that Napster shut down (Brown). One by one, the music industry and the courts put a stop to all free online music. Napster wanna-be’s continue to emerge, but they will be brought to court sooner or later and receive the same fate as Napster. Although the ruling has been made final, there are still many activists who continue to argue the validity of free online music. My guests on both sides had brought up valid points. But in order to write my book, I realize I would have to take a side. This was not a black and white issue. I think about the opposing sides. I definitely agree with Michael Miller about the legalities of free online music. Copyrights are protected under the law. But, on the other hand, it is very difficult to monitor what goes onto the internet. There are plenty of things on the internet that are supposedly protected under copyright laws, but they are still there and can be accessed for free. No one is bothering to go to the Supreme Court over these things. I don’t think that it should be different for music. Additionally, Margaret Poppers’ point that free online music hurts musicians’ reputations is very hard to swallow for me. I don’t believe that big name bands like Metallica care about their reputations as much as they care about milking as much money as they can. The same goes for companies like EMI and BMG. Brian Smithers had brought up an interesting point about the internet being a community. I think about how this remark could potentially add to my book. The idea that the internet is increasingly replacing traditional social settings has always been a topic of major interest to me. I find it fascinating how much things can change over time, yet not really change. People are still communicating with each other and participating in a community, but many have found a different medium for doing so: the internet. Instead of sitting around in a coffee shop discussing the latest popular album that everyone just has to buy; now people can congregate on the internet. Most online file-sharing sites have a place where you can talk to people and share your opinions on the music. The more I think about it, I also like the idea of being able to preview an album before I actually decide to buy it. There are a lot of albums out there that, in my opinion, only have one good song on them. I don’t want to be throwing seventeen dollars down the drain if I can save that money by realizing beforehand that the album might not be very good. I don’t think that this is the case a lot of the time. Most likely people will preview an album and then decide that they really like it, so they will go out and buy it. If anything, being able to preview an album is a good thing because it puts pressure on mainstream musicians and record companies to produce the finest work they can. Most songs on an album are “filler songs”, that is they are there simply to take up space on the album, and aren’t usually very good. I’ve come to the conclusion that I will write my book on the advantages of online music file-sharing. Before I started this project, I really didn’t have strong feelings either way about online file-sharing. I have used free sharing, such as Kazaa and now Lime Wire, but I never stopped to think about what I was doing. I did have more of a bias towards favoring online file-sharing, but mostly because it allowed me to download music for free. I also never knew very much about the Napster court case. To me, that was the defining moment of sort of the end of free music downloads. I knew that Napster was going to not be free anymore, but I didn’t know why. Now I know the specifics of the case, and I favor Napsters’ side. As an avid music lover, and a consumer, I think I have the right to listen to music for free before I go out and buy it. It might decrease CD sales by a small percentage, but the music industry is still huge. And perhaps putting musicians on the spot by listening to their songs for free and then deciding whether or not to buy their album is a good thing. It puts more pressure on them to spend time making their music as good as it possibly can be. I think that the most compelling argument for me was Tobey Grumet. He argues that the controversy, although it is claimed to be about reputations, is more about money. This is absolutely true the more you think about it. Many little band names do not have a problem with free file sharing. It is the very popular bands signed under big label names, like Metallica, that are causing an uproar. I don’t see how their songs being on Napster is harmful to their reputation. If anything, it’s good because it means that people like their songs. It doesn’t harm their reputations as musicians; it more than likely helps it and allows them to be recognized as a very influential band in the history of modern rock music. My sources, I think, were all very legitimate. They all came from magazines that our library subscribes to. is most likely biased towards free online file sharing, but the information that I got from them was purely fact-based, like when Napster was launched and so forth. I think that I got a good variety of journalist’s opinions on the issue of online file-sharing. Each of them had to take an opinion on the subject because it is part of their job. And, for the most part, I don’t believe there was any kind of prior incentive to their taking one side or the other. Each of them has an extensive technological background and I think they looked at the issue pretty objectively. I learned a lot about online music from this project. I never realized what an important part of the technology community it plays. It is fun to download free music, rate it, and perhaps even discuss it with fellow music lovers. And it is convenient and thrifty to be able to check out albums before you decide to buy them. My final decision is that online music is a positive aspect of the internet that I hope, somehow, will continue to remain free and entertain music lovers through the means of the internet.

Taft College Twelve Misunderstandings of Kin Selection Article Summary

Taft College Twelve Misunderstandings of Kin Selection Article Summary.

I have the general knowledge of biology, and this case behavioral
ecology. I need someone to explain what this journal is doing, the
importance of it, break down what they are studying, explain all
graphs/tables like the relevance of it, what these graphs/tables are
displaying. Basically simplify this entire article into easier words for me to understand. I need this done in 5 hours (1:30 pm PST) of once selected; however, I will have more personalized questions about the article at 4pm PST that I
will need help with. This will be questions about what the article
discusses and I will need fast answers as I will have a time limit. I am
expecting you to be ready to answer any questions I have regarding the
article. This is a time sensitive assignment. If you are familiar with behavioural ecology, that is ideal.undefinedRequirements: Long enough to explain the entire paper
Taft College Twelve Misunderstandings of Kin Selection Article Summary

EDU 7240 Ashford University Week 3 Managing To Embracing Diversity Paper

java assignment help EDU 7240 Ashford University Week 3 Managing To Embracing Diversity Paper.

Week 3 – AssignmentFrom Managing To Embracing DiversityThere appears to be growing agreement in recent research that the way educators view diversity matters. Specifically, do we view diversity as something that has to be “managed,” in which case we proceed in a rather check box approach to addressing all issues related to diversity? Or do we take an entirely different approach, in which diversity is embraced and infused into the campus culture and decision-making process. In a 1980-2640 word analytical paper address the following:What is the difference between managing diversity and embracing diversity? Include specific examples to illustrate your point.What are the pros and cons of each approach to diversity?Should the burden to “fit in” to an existing institutional structure be placed on students or is it the responsibility of educators to create an environment where all students’ voices are appreciated. Explain your answer.Are there any legal and/or ethical concerns with either approach?How would you suggest a college/university transition from a management approach to one where diversity is embraced?This assignment is worth 10 points of the total course grade.This assignment aligns with the following weekly outcomes: 3,4This assignment aligns with the following course outcomes: 1,2,3,4,5,6,7Required TextConnerley, M. (2005). Leadership in a diverse and multicultural environment: Developing awareness, knowledge, and skills. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.Chapter 5: The Development of Multicultural CompetenciesChapter 6: What Can We Do to Make Diversity and Multicultural Training More Effective?Chapter 7: A Training Program to Lead from Multicultural Awareness to Knowledge and SkillsRequired ReferencesHu-DeHart, E. (2000). The diversity project: Institutionalizing multiculturalism or managing differences? Academe, 86(5), 38-42.Recommended ReferencesAmerican Council on Education. (2014). produces various articles on a host of important topics in higher education, including diversity.Required ResourcesRequired TextsConnerley, M. (2005). Leadership in a diverse and multicultural environment: Developing awareness, knowledge, and skills. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications. ISBN-13 – 9780761988601; eISBN – 9781452208770..Required ArticlesAyman, R. (2010). Leadership: Why gender and culture matter. American Psychologist, 65(3), Special issue: Diversity and Leadership, 157-170.Chin, J. (2010). Introduction to the special issue on diversity and leadership. American Psychologist, 65(3), Special issue: Diversity and Leadership, 150-156.Clayton, J. K. (2014). The Leadership Lens: Perspectives on Leadership from School District Personnel and University Faculty. International Journal of Educational Leadership Preparation, 9(1), n1.DeZure, D., Shaw, A., & Rojewski, J. (2014). Cultivating the next generation of academic leaders: Implications for administrators and faculty. Change: The Magazine of Higher Learning, 46(1), 6-12.Dingel, M., & Wei, W. (2014). Influences on peer evaluation in a group project: an exploration of leadership, demographics and course performance. Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, 39(6), 729-742.Gholamzadeh, D., & Ravana, E. (2016). Transactional model: A comprehensive framework for leadership process understanding. International Journal of Humanities and Cultural Studies (IJHCS) ISSN 2356-5926, 1(1), 1168- 1208. Retrieved from…Goleman, D. (2004). Hofmeyer, A., Sheingold, B. H., Klopper, H. C., & Warland, J. (2015). Leadership In Learning And Teaching In Higher Education: Perspectives Of Academics In Non-Formal Leadership Roles. Contemporary Issues in Education Research (CIER), 8(3), 181-192.Hytten, K. (2011). Understanding education for social justice. Journal of Educational Foundations, 25(1/2), 7-24.Hu-DeHart, E. (2000). The diversity project: Institutionalizing multiculturalism or managing differences? Academe, 86(5), 38-42.Jones, S. (2014, May).Distributed leadership: A critical analysis. Leadership, 10(2), 129-141. doi: 10.1177/1742715011433525 Kezar, A. (2007).Tools for a time and place: Phased leadership strategies to institutionalize a diversity agenda. Review of Higher Education, 30(4), 413-439.Kezar, A., Lester, J., Carducci, R., Gallant, T. B., & McGavin, M. C. (2007). Where Are the Faculty Leaders?: Strategies and Advice for Reversing Current Trends. Liberal Education, 93(4), 14-21. Retrieved from, J. (2015). New rationales driving internationalization. International Higher Education, (34). Retrieved from…Lawson, H. A. (2014). Investing in Leaders and Leadership to Secure a Desirable Future. Quest, 66(3), 263-287.Lord, R. G., & Emrich, C. G. (2001). Thinking outside the box by looking inside the box: Extending the cognitive revolution in leadership research. The Leadership Quarterly, 11(4), 551-579. Retrieved from…ooking_inside_the_box_Extending_the_cognitive_revolution_in_leadership_research/links/54258bc10cf238c6e a741a97.pdf What makes a leader? Harvard Business Review, 82(1), 82-91.Hayashi, C. A., & Fisher-Adams, G. (2015). Strengthening Leadership Preparation to Meet the Challenge of Leading for Learning in the Digital Age: Recommendations from Alumni. Educational Leadership and Administration: Teaching and Program Development, 26, 51-67.Required TextConnerley, M. (2005). Leadership in a diverse and multicultural environment: Developing awareness, knowledge, and skills. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.Chapter 3: Cultural Frameworks and their Importance for LeadersChapter 4: Where Does One Start on the Journey to Multicultural Awareness, Knowledge and Skill?Required ReferencesHytten, K. (2011). Understanding education for social justice. Journal of Educational Foundations, 25(1/2), 7-24.Recommended ReferencesHackman, H. (2005). Five essential components for social justice education. Equity & Excellence in Education, 38, 103-109.
EDU 7240 Ashford University Week 3 Managing To Embracing Diversity Paper

With forecasting may be defined as the process of assessing the future normally using calculations and projections that take account of the past performance, current trends, and anticipated changes in the foreseeable period ahead.

With forecasting may be defined as the process of assessing the future normally using calculations and projections that take account of the past performance, current trends, and anticipated changes in the foreseeable period ahead.. I don’t understand this Marketing question and need help to study.

Respond to this student 50-100. With forecasting may be defined as the process of assessing the future normally using calculations and projections that take account of the past performance, current trends, and anticipated changes in the foreseeable period ahead. Whenever the managers plan business operations and organisational set-up for the years ahead, they have to take into account the past, the present and the prevailing economic, political and social conditions. Forecasting provides a logical basis for determining in advance the nature of future business operations and the basis for managerial decisions about the material, personnel and other requirements. When basis of planning, when a business enterprise makes an attempt to look into the future in a systematic and concentrated way, it may discover certain aspects of its operations requiring special attention. However, it must be recognized that the process of forecasting involves an element of guesswork and the managers cannot stay satisfied and relaxed after having prepared a forecast. The forecast will have to be constantly monitored and revised—particularly when it relates to a long- term period. Forecasting is needed for a business so managers and owner can get idea of future and past sales of a business. This helps with how productive the business is and can be and what changes need to happen in order to prosper in the future.
With forecasting may be defined as the process of assessing the future normally using calculations and projections that take account of the past performance, current trends, and anticipated changes in the foreseeable period ahead.

BU 407 Herzing University Online Week 7 Are Group Decisions Better or Worse Discussion

BU 407 Herzing University Online Week 7 Are Group Decisions Better or Worse Discussion.

Unit 7 Discussion – Are Group Decisions Better or Worse?3030 unread replies.3131 replies.Discussion: Unit 7, Due Wednesday by 11:59 pm CTAre Group Decisions Better or Worse?Instructions:Modern businesses are greatly impacted by teams and group work. Many managers believe that decisions made by a group will be superior to decisions made by an individual.Considering this please address the following prompts in your discussion:Do you think this is the case? Why or why not?Provide an example that supports your point of view. Why is this?Please be sure to validate your opinions and ideas with citations and references in APA format.The post and responses are valued at 40 points. Please review post and response expectations. Please review the rubric to ensure that your response meets criteria.Estimated time to complete: 2 hoursPeer Response: Unit 7, Due Sunday by 11:59 pm CTAre Group Decisions Better or Worse?Instructions:Please respond to a minimum of two peers.In your response please consider the following:When businesses are making decisions, are they looking for the ideal solution or the solution that can be implemented the most effectively?Should group dynamics be used as a factor in decision-making?Please be sure to validate your opinions and ideas with citations and references in APA format.Estimated time to complete: 1 Hour
BU 407 Herzing University Online Week 7 Are Group Decisions Better or Worse Discussion