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San Diego State University Motown Music Discussion Board

San Diego State University Motown Music Discussion Board.

Our final discussion is a reflection on the influence of the music of Motown. Please identify a song that you feel reflects the influence of Motown. How you define this influence is subjective: it may be lyrics, music, a sample, etc. While the choice is yours, you need to be able to articulate what that influence is in your post. Please include a link to the song so we can all listen as well.Original post (minimum 200 words) DUE Sunday, December 6Responses (minimum 100 words each) DUE day 7 Thursday, December 10(Absolutely, positively, DO NOT choose a Motown artist!)
San Diego State University Motown Music Discussion Board

UCirvine What Is Compassion Discussion.

Week 2 Discussion – SensitivityTo what extent, and in what ways, does compassion seem like a biologically based, evolved part of human nature?To what extent, and in what ways, is compassion shaped by cultural values, practices, and institutions?should have one own original post(at least 300 words), and one response post to peer.(at least 150words)Here are your readings for this week.The Compassionate Instinct. (Links to an external site.)Measuring Compassion in the Body. (Links to an external site.)Functional Neural Plasticity and Associated Changes in Positive Affect After Compassion Training. (Links to an external site.)The Voice Conveys Emotion in Ten Globalized Cultures and One Remote Village in Bhutan. (Links to an external site.)Compassion: An Evolutionary Analysis and Empirical Review (Links to an external site.)The Communication of Emotion via Touch. Classmate A ‘s post:Compassion would seem to be a biologically based part of human nature that has been passed down through our genes. In the video lectures, Professor Kelter talks about how mothers feel a compassion towards their offspring and would care for them. This is also seen in primates as the mothers would wail and cry towards the loss of their offsprings. Compassion goes hand in hand with sympathy and this is a concept that Darwin argued has been increased over time as a part of natural selection. Another example that highlights that compassion is a biological trait of human nature was the study done by Cordaro (Lecture Video 2, 5:00). This study highlights that other ethnicities can detect the different emotions that an individual is feeling without using any words to describe their emotions. The reason as to why this is important is because humans know what compassion is and understand the emotions universally.Compassion can also be influenced by our surroundings. I would like to think that all humans carry some level of compassion towards one another and that compassion can be elevated or lowered through the environment we are exposed to. For example, a child who grows up in a home with two parents who constantly volunteer for food drives and homeless shelters has the potential to do the same when they grow older. On the other hand, a child whose parents do not participate in these activities is less likely to do the same. Culture can also play a large role in how compassionate we are. In my culture, we place a high emphasis on showing compassion and respect to our elders, so that is a trait that was ingrained in me as a child. Other cultures have different values and shape the individuals respectively. Classmate B response post to A:Hi, AI really appreciate the ideas you put forward and your in-depth analysis certainly attracts my great attention and gets me immersed in deep thinking. Compassionate people understand and anticipate the feelings of others to the greatest extent possible. They can understand each other’s situations and care about each other’s needs. In addition, I think compassion is linked to the moral sense. For example, helping others is an expression of self-affection and empathy for others, an expression of affection for the unfortunate situation of others, or care and support in action. In a broad sense, it also includes support for justice.Classmate C ‘s original post( you should reply to this post) ( this one is not urgent, I can add the time about 12 hours, but you must give me the original post before deadline):Compassion is biologically based and has evolved by watching our social network perform (or not perform) acts of service for others or actively participating in the act of compassion towards other family members. I believe that witnessing these traits as we grow helps us become more compassionate people. There are a lot of families that do not act with compassion, and it’s later passed down to the growing child I would imagine. This is still a bit of a confusing perspective though, because i have two other siblings that are not compassionate at all. They grew up with the same parents, the same home environment, food, access to everything, education, etc. One difference is that they were not as exposed to helping others at a young age for some reason. My parents put less effort into teaching them compassion when they were younger (I am the youngest, maybe this desire to share compassion more often, came later in my parents life) and maybe this is why we have this difference in the way we operate towards others.Compassion is shaped like cultural values as I touched on above, we witness (or don’t) compassion in our social networks growing up. We mimic the things we see displayed in our safety network of family. I was always exposed to helping others by being brought to places like Project Angel Food to help cook for bed-bound patients, give back to people who were homeless, and often dedicate our time in nursing homes during holidays. It was built into my values/practices. I have worked with compassion in all of my work because of this background and have become a nursing assistant working in lock-down units for people with Alzheimer’s. This is because I was made aware of the rewarding feeling of giving back, very early on. I enjoy seeing people feel safe and happy, being made to feel seen and heard. It has become my goal in life to create these moments for other people, probably in large part because it was instilled in my culture and values growing up.
UCirvine What Is Compassion Discussion

Table of Contents Introduction History Narratives Impact Conclusion Reference List Introduction Al-Qaeda is an Islamist organization responsible for several terrorist attacks on military and civilian targets, including the September 11 terrorist attacks in 2001 (Shahzad 2012). The organization is international, with a strong ideology, centralized decision-making, and a variety of persuasion and recruiting tools at their disposal. The proposed documentary will be composed of existing relevant footage and interviews with experts to cover the history of al-Qaeda, the analysis of the organization’s narratives, and its impact. History The history of al-Qaeda as a terrorist network started in Afghanistan during the Soviet War in that country (Mohamedou 2011). The organization then became international as it advanced its structure of decentralized execution and recruited new members from many countries. Al-Qaeda claimed responsibility for several terrorist attacks in such countries as the United States, Saudi Arabia, and Indonesia. The organization also participated in many military conflicts, including wars in Afghanistan, Iraq, Pakistan, Yemen, Somalia, and Syria. The death of one of its founders, leaders, and main ideologists, Osama bin Laden, killed by the CIA in 2011, significantly undermined the organization. According to Gerges (2011, p. 5), ‘very little’ remains of al-Qaeda today. Narratives The principal narrative that the organization uses is that ‘Islam is under attack’ (Holtmann 2013, p. 141). Related narratives promote the idea that external forces are to be blamed for the problems that Arab and Muslim societies face. Al-Qaeda calls upon its supporters to take up arms for the war with infidels. The narratives are violent and tied to religious concepts. It has been stressed repeatedly by researchers that the narratives that promote radicalization, extremism, violence, and terrorism are very challenging to oppose or combat. It is important to understand why reactions to such narratives are sometimes counterproductive, i.e., why they foster further radicalization and violence. Impact Al-Qaeda has had an impact on the modern world in various ways. The main outcome of the organization’s activities was the declaration of the global ‘war on terrorism’ (McCrisken 2011). The organization has operated in many countries, but nowadays, researchers are paying special attention to the Arabian Peninsula, particularly Saudi Arabia (Boucek 2011). It is argued that the efforts aimed at containing terrorism in the region have been successful, but failure to maintain these efforts may worsen the terrorist threat dramatically. Another important aspect of al-Qaeda’s activities was operating through mass media, particularly the Internet, to propagate their ideology and find supporters in different parts of the world. This model of building a worldwide network with extremist views and violent rhetoric is still used today by Islamist terrorist groups. It makes the study of al-Qaeda’s impact relevant to addressing modern-day global issues associated with terrorism. Conclusion The proposed documentary will try to evaluate al-Qaeda’s role and significance in modern history. The relevance of the work is justified by examining the organization’s discourses and messages that have proved to be influential to this day for creating Islamist networks around the world. Most importantly, the mechanisms for constructing the organization’s narratives will be analyzed to evaluate the effectiveness of combating strategies. Reference List Boucek, C 2011, ‘Terrorism Out of Saudi Arabia’, Carnegie Endowment, p. 4. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Gerges, F A 2011, The rise and fall of Al-Qaeda, Oxford University Press, New York. Holtmann, P 2013, ‘Countering al-Qaeda’s single narrative’, Perspectives on Terrorism, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 141-146. McCrisken, T 2011, ‘Ten years on: Obama’s war on terrorism in rhetoric and practice’, International Affairs, vol. 87, no. 4, pp. 781-801. Mohamedou, M M O 2011, The rise and fall of Al Qaeda, Geneva Centre for Security Policy, Geneva. Shahzad, S S 2012, Inside al-Qaeda and the Taliban: Beyond bin Laden and 9/11, Pluto Press, London.

ANTH 130 Cuymaca College Evolution and Natural Selection Essay

ANTH 130 Cuymaca College Evolution and Natural Selection Essay.

IntroductionIn simplest terms, evolution can be defined as a change in allele frequency over time. A fact of nature is that allele frequencies for any given gene are always in a state of flux and for that reason evolution is a fact of nature. At the same time we have evolutionary theories that help us explain why allele frequencies change in the first place. For this section we will explore these evolutionary mechanisms.WHAT YOU ARE DOING.The purpose of this discussion board is meant for you to share an article or a news story that specifically deals with how evolutionary mechanisms are shaping nature around us. For this discussion board you can only use the following evolutionary forces: Natural selection, sexual selection and gene flow.WHAT YOU HAVE TO DO FOR POINTS.Give a short summary of what you read.State the evolutionary mechanism involved and explain how that evolutionary mechanism is working to transform the population in question.Lastly, you will have to give an explanation of what is promoting the evolutionary change in the first place.For example, a bacteria will evolve resistance to antibiotics if antibiotics are always present. In the absence of antibiotics, bacteria will have no need to evolve resistance to antibiotics. Its the excessive use of antibiotics that is selecting for bacterial genes that enhance a bacteria’s level of fitness.You will have to respond to two other student posts.Make sure you cite your work so that others can follow the news article.GRADING RUBRICClick on the “Gear icon” located in the top right-hand corner and then click on “Show Rubric” to view the grading requirements for this discussion.TIPS FOR SUCCESSPlease keep your answer to only what is asked in the assignment.I recommend composing your content offline in a text editor and then copy and paste the text into your reply post. If something happens you will have an offline copy of all of your hard work!I highly recommend using Google Docs (Drive) to compose offline, as Google plays well with web-based forums. If you are using Microsoft Word to compose offline, you may need to do some editing to the format when you paste it into the reply.Requirements: .doc file
ANTH 130 Cuymaca College Evolution and Natural Selection Essay

Mary Shelley’s Life Reflected in Frankenstein

programming assignment help Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein, was a piece of work that was far ahead of its time, and to be observant, so was Mary Shelley. Frankenstein and its author, both made impressions that the public at that time had a hard time swallowing. Frankenstein is essentially an indirect reflection of Shelley’s own turbulent life. Mary Shelley really poured a lot of her own experiences and shared with the readers a lot of her joys and despairs. Even though that it is meant to be a horror novel, readers will find that the psychological aspect of the novel a lot more interesting than the actual horror aspect. We will further discuss the mirroring of the novel to Mary Shelley’s own experiences. For now, it can only be said that this psychological thriller written by Mary Shelley will not only give the reader an in-depth look into themselves and the society around them, but also secretly harbors a part of its author inside it’s 200 pages. Mary Shelley’s life was reflected in her eighteenth century novel Frankenstein, set in various locations such as Geneva, the Swiss Alps, Ingolstadt and England. Coincidentally, these setting all have a great connection with her life. The novel introduces Geneva as the first setting and Geneva was where the protagonist was born. In the beginning of the novel, “I am by birth a Genevese, and my family is one of the most distinguished of that republic” (Mary Shelley 31) reflecting on Mary Shelley’s life. During that time of period “She and three other writers including her soon-to-be-husband, Percy Mary Shelley, were staying at Lake Geneva in Switzerland during that summer of 1816, entertaining one another by telling and competing to write the best ghost stories” (Querna 1). Maybe the lightning and thunder outside during the ghost story competition gave her the method in which the monster was brought to life by Victor Frankenstein. Mary Shelley was staying at Geneva when she conceived of her novel therefore Mary Shelley used Geneva as the first setting. Also, Victor Frankenstein was also born in Geneva in the novel, thus the birth of “Frankenstein” began. The Swiss Alps and Ingolstadt are both located in Switzerland, and she thought of the story in Geneva Switzerland, this show to the reader that Mary Shelley is using the places around her as the setting which connects to her life with the setting. “Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin was born on August 30, 1797, in London, England” (Bloom 1). This quote reveals that Mary Shelley was born in England which made it really clear why England was one of the major settings in Frankenstein. “Settled around Byron’s fireplace in June 1816, the intimate group of intellectuals had their guests to write a ghost story” (Telgen 180-202). This depicted the reasoning behind her novel; Lord Byron’s challenge to write a ghost story. The time period in the novel was also set around the 1800s therefore the time period when Mary Shelley wrote the story and the time period of the actual novel connects. Diseases were popular during the 1800s and Mary Shelley uses disease as the reason why Victor’s mother died which made the story more realistic from her point of view. Mary Shelley had mirrored doctor Frankenstein’s life with that of her own. It is also observed that the monster in the novel tried his best to mirror Victor’s life, educating itself and trying to fit in with the public. It is also noted that both Victor and the monster did not really fit in with the public, and neither did Mary Shelley. Both she and Victor had important people in their lives, that they both ended up losing, where as the monster did not have anyone to lose to start with. It can be assumed that Mary is comparing herself with the monster, where implying that if she had nothing important in her life to act as an anchor, she would be a monster like the monster in her novel, with no one to love her and accept her. “I am alone and miserable: man will not associate with me; but one as deformed and horrible as myself would not deny herself to me. My companion must be of the same species and have the same defects. This being you must create (Shelley 137).” This shows that the monster is trying to fit in but no one was helping him. “Mary Shelley’s biographies trace 1816 as a happy year for the Mary Shelley Marriage; a son, William, was born” (Telgen 180-202).William in the novel act as Victor’s youngest brother. Referring to the quote, William is also the name of Mary Shelley’s son; she connects her new born son as a character in the novel. William’s name can also be connected to Mary’s father as well. Even though he is William’s brother, he is portrayed as an innocent child, incapable of harming anybody and defenseless against the monster. This must have been how she viewed her own son as a newborn, and a reader can clearly see the connection between them. “I wish you could see him; he is very tall of his age, with sweet laughing blue eyes, dark eyelashes, and curling hair. When he smiles, two little dimples appear on each cheek, which are rosy with health” (Shelley 64), this illustrates the thought of Mary Shelley when she was emphasizing the look of William and how she contrasts William in the novel with her new born son. Mary Shelley’s mother died when giving birth to Mary Shelley, “Her mother, Mary Wollstonecraft, author of a Vindication of the Rights of Women, died giving birth to her” (Thomas 62). It connects to why Victor’s mother died in the beginning of the novel due to disease. During the 1800’s, smallpox, scarlet fever and cholera were really common. This also connects to the setting of the novel. Mary Shelley’s childhood life and adulthood life is reflected in the novel, “ten days after Mary Shelley’s birth, Wollstonecraft died from complications, leaving Godwin, a self-absorbed intellectual leaving Godwin, a self-absorbed intellectual, to care for both Mary and Fanny Imlay, Wollstonecraft’s daughter from an earlier relationship” (Bloom1-4). In the novel, after Mary Shelley’s mother died her dad Godwin took care of her, this connects to the novel. When Victor Frankenstein’s mother died from disease, his dad took care of him. In both situations, the mother died when they are young and the dad took care of him/her. “Mary’s home life improved little when four years later her father married his next-door neighbor, Mary Jane Clairmont, who already had two children of her own” (Bloom 1-5), in reality Mary Shelley had two step sister and in the novel, Elizabeth Lavenza and Justine Moritz was adopted by Frankenstein’s family. This connects with how Mary Jane Clarmont brought in the two children to her family in reality to his family which made Mary Shelley’s life connects with the novel. “In July 1814, one month before her seventeenth birthday, Mary ran away with Percy, and they spent the next few years traveling in Switzerland, Germany and Italy. (Bloom 1-5), in reality Mary Shelley got married in an early age which connects with how Victor also got married in an early age. This part of the novel also provided some ironic foreshadowing to her own life. In the novel, Victor’s wife got killed by the monster, where as a year after her book was published, Mary’s husband was taken from her. Also note that both her sisters died during the year of her conception of Frankenstein, which probably made her writings about loss and anger more intensified throughout her work. Further observations would also link Victor’s chase after the monster with Mary’s own chase after her husband. Victor had to give up everything he loved to chase after the monster, both his wife and his beloved brother. “Percy dramatic threat to commit suicide convinced Mary to flee with him to France” (Telgen 181), this shows that Mary had to give up her father, friends and two sisters to elope with Percy. Even though Victor chased after his monster in hatred and Mary ran off with Victor due to their love, a clear connection can still be noted. Mary Shelley’s reflects her personality in the novel, “the new Mrs. Godwin favored her own children over the daughters of the celebrated Wollstonecraft and Mary Shelley was often alone and unhappy.” (Bloom 1-5) This illustrates to the readers how depressed and lonely she felt in her younger years which connect to why her horror story had such a dark and lonely atmosphere. It is also observed that, in the novel, Victor obviously favored his little brother and wife a lot more than his “creation”. It is quickly noted here that his little brother William is more like a son then a brother figure to him, with the vast difference in age and maturity (also he was named after Mary’s son). His creation was obviously openly jealous about this fact, Mary conveyed some of her own feelings towards her step mother into the monster at this part of the novel. She must have been extremely angry and hurt by the fact that her step mother favored her own children more, but like the monster, felt no hate towards her children but more towards her mother. It could be suggested that maybe she was trying to cover up her feelings to the public, but could not help but express them in her writings. Maybe she viewed these feelings as ugly and disgusting, like her monster. Mary seemed to have put a little of herself into almost every character in her novel, but most significantly in the monster, perhaps inside she viewed herself as a monster inside, with no one to understand her except the ones most important to her. Where it shows in the story, no one understands the monster except Victor. This was also how she portrayed Victor in the novel, but in a way more obvious approach. She had Victor admit that he was the real monster in the story, and not his creation. As we near the end of our analysis of this wonderful novel, few could argue that Shelley did nothing less than pour her heart and soul into this novel. Even though she herself said that Frankenstein was mostly deprived from the happier times in her life, traces of her negative feelings of injustice, anger and jealousy can still be found. That being said, even though Mary Shelley’s life was filled with turmoil, she managed to express some of her happiness through her novel along with her ideals and personality. It can be argued that it is her maturity that makes her novel great, or it could be her extensive knowledge in the human mind and the human values. What cannot be argued is that without her fantastic life experiences, and without the incorporation of personal beliefs into her work, not even a lightning strike and two copper bolts in the neck would have made Frankenstein come to life. Bibliography Bloom, Bloom. “Mary Shelley 1797-1851.” The Critical Perspective. Vol. 7. New York: Chelsea House Publisher, 1988. Print. Frankenstein, or the New Prometheus. 4147-160. URL Encyclopedia of world Biography :http://www.notablebiographies.com/Sc-St/Shelley-Mary.html Poovey, Mary “Mary Shelley

Review of literature

Review of literature. REVIEW OF LITERATURE Porter’s (1980) segmentation analysis has plenty of value to describe competition amongst participants. This approach establishes how and by which means positions of dominance are achieved. Studies based on this methodology have been applied to banking to assess the competitive process. Finlay (2000) suggested that Market Penetration fits strategically for a firm when current markets are not saturated for the types of offer the firm is making and its present customers can be induced to buy more. And typically, when a company wants to attack the market share of the competitors, they will undertake market penetration as a way of increasing their own share in the market. Similarly, Oster (1994) contended that the size of the market share held by the firm as well as the size of the major firms in the market are important considerations. He suggests that firms with relatively small market shares can increase their market share many times over without adversely affecting the overall market share of a large market leader. A study by Philp Robert, Haynes Paula, Helms Marilyn (1992) stated that growth through a market penetration strategy, reaching and influencing customers already served, has proved to be a less profitable course of action than expected. This strategy failed to achieve the projected growth not because of the basic plan itself, but rather due to its improper implementation. Financial service providers have typically viewed their primary customer base as males between 30 and 50 years old (Bartos, 1982). These men are seen as the primary wage earners and decision makers for financial planning in their households. Hence, this segment has been considered golden geese of the financial market. While some growth was achieved through the introduction of new financial products and services, the financial services needs of women and of consumers over 50 years of age were blurred for the financial service providers (Javalgi et al., 1990). (Schiele, 1974) suggested that a “Net” approach should be used to “catch” the youth market as they drift downstream from adolescence to adulthood. The research findings indicated that this is a simplification of reality and that a number of interrelated streams exist before young people reach the “pond of adulthood”, at which they are likely to be “locked into” a financial service organisation. Hence, in the highly competitive retail financial marketplace, it is more critical than ever to narrowly define the markets financial service provider can serve. Differentiation through claims of excellent customer service fails to provide competitive distinctiveness, particularly to key segments of the existing customer base. Many banks, over the years, have relied on intermediaries like DSAs, DSTs to reach out to the customers. Jensen-Macklin (1976) or Diamond (1984) in their studies have tried to justify the existence and effects of intermediaries. For them agents exist to reduce moral hazard and asymmetric information. There are different means adopted by the organizations to increase the number of services availed by the customers. Cross-selling is the practice of promoting additional products and services to existing customers in addition to the ones a customer currently has (Butera, 2000). The interest in cross-selling is due to its advantages for firms. Specifically, the selling of additional services to existing customers could reduce the need to spend money on customer acquisition (e.g. advertising) and lead to a pricing advantage over competitors (Reichheld and Sasser, 1990). It is reasonable to expect that customers with strong repurchase intentions will also be likely to cross-buy from the same service provider. This is consistent with the view that it is easier to cross-sell new services to existing customers than to the new ones. Study conducted by (Day, 2000), suggested that although customers may want to engage in a relationship with a service provider, they may not want to have all their services provided by that single provider For some service categories, customers intrinsically develop a multi-brand loyalty (Jacoby and Chestnut, 1978). For example, in the banking industry most households use two or more financial providers. (Reichheld, 1996; Anderson and Mittal, 2000). Howley John, Savage Grahame (1980) in their paper titled, “Bank marketing in the Personal Sector” discuss about Cross-selling, whereby having opened a current account, customers are “sold” loans, travel facilities, insurance and other services for further banking penetration of each customer. At the same time, there is a word of caution as well saying that there’s undoubtedly great potential here, but there are dangers of placing too much emphasis on peripheral activities to the overall corporate purpose of being a bank. Raj Arora (2008) focussed on yet another important strategy to increase sales to existing customers – Price Bundling. The study points out that the intent of bundle pricing is to increase sales by offering a discount when a pre-specified bundle of items is purchased at the same time. Usually, the additional items in the bundle are those that are complementary to the main product. The assumption is that the bundle priced items offer more value and are therefore more attractive to the buyer. The seller makes the buyer aware that the buyer is getting a bargain in the bundle because if the items are purchased separately, the aggregate price far exceeds the bundle price (Yadav and Monroe, 2003). While price bundling is frequently used by marketers, its effectiveness needs more research especially when used with other marketing variables. Murphy Ruth, Bruce Margaret (2003) stated that internet can be used to sell more existing products into existing markets. This can be achieved by using internet for increasing awareness of the firm. Bloch et al. (1996) proposed that e-commerce offers cost advantages to firms via less expensive product promotions. They also advocate that e-commerce can enable a company to implement customer focus strategies through better customer relationships. If the internet segment continues to grow and the branch banking segment shrinks, more customers will be using Internet banks and fewer customers using Branch banks (Heffernan 1996). But evidence also suggests that many companies have engaged in e-commerce activity, whether it is on a business to business or business to consumer basis (B2C), without any consideration towards a return on investment (Damanpour and Madison, 2001). One of the reasons for this may be that many businesses fear that without an Internet presence, the firm will get left behind. Hence a number of companies have turned their focus towards e-commerce, often by emulating the business module of another firm, as “me too” entities. Stafford David, King Susan (1982) stated that Marketing strategies which have been important to recent bank development include branch rationalisation and refurbishment, and promotional activities, especially advertising. Price competition has not yet achieved major importance between the “big four” and so price structures do tend to be relatively stable and similar between banks. A similar view shared by Neven (1990) and Vives (1991) is that banks, especially retail banks, do not compete in price but in service quality. RESEARCH GAP GOOD WAY TO MAKE GAPS Thus, we observe a number of important gaps in the literature. First, our knowledge is deficient on which foreign market entry modes service firms apply, and similarly, on target market selection. Next, it is also important to investigate if there are systematic differences within service industries in foreign market entry mode selection. Finally, are the internationalization theories and models developed for manufacturing industries applicable to firms in service industries? Or, is the internationalization process of services so unique that there is a need to develop separate theory to explain the internationalization of service firms? OBJECTIVES 1. To measure the penetration of banking products in different demographic profiles. 2. To find the neglected niches in existing markets served by the banks. 3. To identify and compare the means that publicReview of literature

Experiments on Trusting Senses

‘The illusion of sight and sound’ This report examines what aspects of psychology can provide interactive and informative ways to provide an opportunity for the public to evaluate whether they can trust their senses. Focusing on vision and the illusion created by the human mind, also auditory perception, and the co-dependence on other senses, for example sight. 1: Introduction The minute decisions we make are based upon the information we gain from our senses. The human body depends on five senses, this report will focus on the individual’s ability to see and hear. However, the way the human body processes information can trick the senses and the brain into not hearing sounds or seeing illusions. This report will outline some ways in which psychologists understanding of the senses may provide useful interactive tools to connect with the public and give an opportunity for self-discovery. 2: What are the senses? The senses are the bodies way of gaining information from the surrounding environment. The five senses are sight, hearing, taste, smell and touch, which has three individual aspects, feeling temperature, pain and pressure. These senses provide the body with information externally and internally. There is also proprioception, known as the sixth sense. This additional sense gives information as to where the body is in relation to the environment, for example where the different limbs are in correlation to the environment, the bodies need for food and drink, body awareness (Turner, Block4, 2015). 3: How the other four senses work? Our sense of taste is influenced by sight and smell, for instance cover your nose and eat with a blindfold on and some of your favourite foods may taste differently. The sense of taste is altered by personal experience, emotions are also tied to the bodies relationship to food and expectations of the taste and texture of a food (Turner, Block 4, 2015). Smell is based on experience, there are some smells many find unpleasant. However, when exposed to an odour repeatedly, the body learns to mask and ignore the scent, for instance a perfume can smell amazing or terrible, influenced completely by your attraction to the individual wearing it (Turner, Block 4, 2015). Touch is often influenced by subjective comparisons. Proprioception, awareness of environment, for example, feeling heat near the skin or cool air, touching hard or soft surfaces (Turner, Block 4, 2016). 3.1: Vision Sight is the most trusted of the senses, however what is seen by the individual is dependent on personal beliefs, levels of attention and perceptions. The human eye can only detect light in a faction of the range of the electromagnetic spectrum, to counter this shortcoming the individual builds an accurate internal representation of the surrounding environment. People rarely see what is occurring around them and often fill in the blanks with assumptions. For example, when being asked to describe the contents in a bedroom, the assumption is there was a bed there, even if we didn’t see one (Turner, Block 4, 2015). 3.2: Auditory perception Hearing is often based on assumptions, for instance, having misheard what someone said, even when they speaking clearly or not noticing a repetitive sound until it is pointed out to you. A typical person hears less than a bat or elephant in terms of range of sound frequencies. People are constantly surrounded by sound and learn to filter out much of the environmental noise (Turner, Block 4, 2016). An individual can focus attention on areas of interest, for example, at a party, where many conversations are going on, yet the human ear only tunes in to the conversation of interest. 4: Interactive examples For the public to fully engage with the surrounding environment and to gain a clearer understanding about the human abilities and limitations of sight and sound, the suggestion of interactive visual illusions offers a good opportunity to evaluate whether they can trust their senses within a fun and relaxed way. For example, this YouTube video which illustrates the individual’s perception of length and distance. This optical illusion illustrates a three-dimensional perception, how the distance between lines and shapes cause the brain to perceive a size difference simply by altering lines. This illusion is also known as The Ponzo illusion, which favours the top-down process, simply put, the human brain decides on what is being perceived based on prior existing knowledge (Turner, Block 4, 2015). A suggested example for auditory senses, this video plays a distorted sentence, twice which allows the brain to begin existing prior information to help understand incoming information. The sentence will be played for a third time, when to the surprise of the individual the sentence is understandable. Usually the individual assumes the audio has been changed but once explained can help people draw attention to whether they can trust their senses or not. Also within the framework of this exhibition the language barrier and the possible decreased ability of some senses should be considered. A language option being provided before individuals begin the various tasks, maybe including a sign language option should be considered as to not exclude any members of the public from this learning experience. 5: Conclusion Discovering if the senses humans depend on can be trusted can be developed into an adventure of self-knowledge. Appling different techniques of visual optical illusions, problem solving activities which require minimal skills to complete and auditory illusion, the exhibition becomes interactive with the public and can continue to develop within a multi-cultural framework, however the exhibition should balance the many languages and sensory needs of all visitors to this exhibition. That a verbal and visual aid should be suggested along with language opinions. In conclusion, the evidence is persuasive that there are still many things to learn about human senses, however the individual senses working together seem to manage the important tasks of everyday life. On balance this exhibition will help to build a greater understanding of our own boundaries of self. Word Count: 1017 References An audio Illusion-Your Brain, [ Online]. Available at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tG9HSvNPVKQ (Accessed [ 20.03.2017]). Moving Illusions, [ Online]. Available at https://youtu.be/Iw8idyw_N6Q (Accessed [ 20.03.17]). Turner, J. (2016), section 3:’Auditory perception’, DD210, Bock 4, Week 18, ‘Making sense of the world, [Online].https://learn2.open.ac.uk/mod/oucontent/view.php?id=843722

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