Most of the stories in Salman Rushdie’s book East, West regard the subject of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi’s assassination in 1984. Indira Gandhi was the first and to date the only female Prime Minister of the Republic of India has had. She served for three consecutive terms from 1966-1977 and for a fourth term from 1980 until her assassination in 1984. When Indira Gandhi returned for a fourth term in 1980, she became involved in a conflict with separatists, specifically the Sikh religious group, in Punjab.
Two of Indira Gandhi’s bodyguards, both Sikhs, assassinated her with machine guns in the garden of her residence on October 31, 1984. The assassination led to rampages, riots and chaos in New Delhi, the capital city of India. Over the next few days, mobs ran through the streets of New Delhi and other parts of India, killing several thousand Sikhs. The 25-page story “Chekov and Zulu”, based in London, starts off a few days after the assassination of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi; it revolves around two main characters—Chekov, a Hindu and Zulu, a Sikh—and the effect of Indra Gandhi’s assassination on their friendship.
In 1994, the year when East, West was published, violence against the Sikhs diminished, although other conflicts arose. Ethnic and regional tensions formed between India and Pakistan, leading to the Kashmir conflict, a dispute over the most northwestern part of the Indian subcontinent. Current events in the year 1994, such as the previous example, contributed to the audience’s viewpoints about “Chekov and Zulu”. Interestingly enough, Chekov and Zulu received their names from two fictional characters from Star Trek, which in 1994, was widely popular.
write a paragraph
Next, read the short writing “The Shroud” starting on page 77 in the textbook and watch the short video below about the Brothers Grimm. Then, after considering the story and the information on theme, write a paragraph of at least six sentences explaining what a theme might be in “The Shroud.” Use the story title and authors’ names in your opening sentence like this example: In the short story “The Shroud,” authors Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm (and continue with your ideas here). Submit your grammatically correct paragraph in a Word document.
JACOB AND WILHELM GRIMM
T here was once a mother who had a little boy of seven years old, who was so
handsome and lovable that no one could look at him without liking him, and
she herself worshipped him above everything in the world. Now it so happened
Adventure stories and action films often present this sort of conflict in its purest
form, keeping us poised on the edge of our seats as James Bond or Jason Bourne
struggles to outwit and outfight an archvillain intent on world domination or
destruction. Yet external conflicts can also be much subtler, pitting an individual
against nature or fate, against a social force such as racism or poverty, or against
another person or group of people with a different way of looking at things (as in
“20/20”). The cartoon below presents an external conflict of the latter type and one
you may well see quite differently than the cartoonist does. How would you articu-
late that conflict?
that he suddenly became ill, and God took him to himself; and for this the
mother could not be comforted, and wept both day and night. But soon after-
wards, when the child had been buried, it appeared by night in the places
where it had sat and played during its life, and if the mother wept, it wept
also, and, when morning came, it disappeared. As, however, the mother would
not stop crying, it came one night, in the little white shroud in which it had
been laid in its coffin, and with its wreath of flowers round its head, and stood
on the bed at her feet, and said, “Oh, mother, do stop crying, or I shall never
fall asleep in my coffin, for my shroud will not dry because of all thy tears
which fall upon it.” The mother was afraid when she heard that, and wept no
more. The next night the child came again, and held a little light in its hand,
and said, “Look, mother, my shroud is nearly dry, and I can rest in my grave.”
Then the mother gave her sorrow into God’s keeping, and bore it quietly and
patiently, and the child came no more, but slept in its little bed beneath the
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