This assignment evaluates on how the Novel “Roll of Thunder, Hear My Cry” by Mildred Taylor had been written as a form/Machine to achieve the purpose of the author. Hence, the author has developed several themes in the novel to clearly state its purpose when someone reads it. The thesis statement of this assignment is on whether the author had been able to achieve her purpose through development of themes in the book and if the themes easily communicate her intended purpose which she wants the readers to understand with ease. The author has more than one purpose which she has strived to meet using the novel. The author had been able to maintain the novel scope to revolve around family life and how it is to be in school in an environment which the black children were being discriminated as compared with the white children. She has been able to develop a theme of racial discrimination which was live during the time which the book is referring to. This is one of the social issues which had been a major problem in United States up-to date although it has been addressed and blacks and white people are being treated the same way although there is the stereotype in the society of some feeling that they are superior while others are inferior. She has also ensured that she instilled the purpose of family in once life and development. Hence, by developing the theme of importance of family she has proved that those who are defiant or do not regard family as an integral part of their development and well being by abandoning their family have failed (Gradesaver par, 7). While, those uphold values of the family, respect and protect it are victorious. She has feature life of slaves and how they valued land as a symbol of independence therefore, through out the novel she has repeated that the black Americans were not ready to loss their lands. The novel gives hope to the hopeless despite of the destruction which they have gone through this is an aspect which had been encouraging to the readers. She has as well incorporated the aspect of friendship and greed she emphasized on how sometime friendship would be risk taking especially if a friend devotes to assist someone in a risky situation they expose themselves to risks involved (Hill, 54). The purpose of educating the reader on how to mitigate hatred she has underscored that greed is one form which causes hatred and should be shunned. Creating importance of family In the novel “Roll of Thunder, Hear My Cry” by Mildred Taylor themes as well as character development are the key aspects that have been used to achieve its intended purpose. By creating in a well thought manner the importance of family, the author achieve among the various purposes he intended to put across to the audience. It is apparent throughout the novel that Cassie has learnt that there is nothing more important than one’s family. She is amazed by what Jeremy said regarding his hatred to his elder brother. Additionally, the tale and experiences portrayed through a number of characters such as Big Ma regarding family (husband and sons) as well as the desire of Mr. Morrison to put himself in danger so that he defend the Lagans clearly depicts that the family is equally an important aspect to an individual (Taylor 15). It is worth noting that this thus makes characters act the way they acted. Similarly, it is evident that those who cut their ties with their families members have lost direction for instance TJ while those who devoted their lives for the sake of their families exemplified by Papa are heroes. Using time to explain events To capture and make the audience know the events in relation to time the use of time in cycle achieves that. The entire book events spread throughout the year as it commence with harvesting of cotton and ends with an anticipation of another harvest. By accustoming events with whether conditions for instance summer, winter, rainy season, sunny, green spring and dusty conditions. For instance, the little Man is usually given a sign of hope that rains will end and it will be sunny. The use of time in the book typically serves the purpose of assuring individuals that the events which are hard and unbearable one time will come to an end (Taylor 201). Similarly, it creates fear within the society especially in terms of racial discrimination. For instance the when TJ was thoroughly beaten, the unrest created will settle and will eventually be seen again in future if nothing is not done. Hope and destruction On the same note, trying to depict that there is hope even if human beings are always faced with numerous destructions has been brought out through various characters. For instance there were incidence that there were no chances to escape from losing life as well as land and other properties. Various characters such as Taylor and Uncle Hammer exemplified outstanding behaviors that made them as well as their dependent come out successful (Taylor 132). The later sold his car to pay bank note without refute. In the incident where people from two distinct racial backgrounds came together to put out the fire. It is will human for us to forget our differences and join hands and address issues at hand is what the author has brought out in her piece of work. Property ownership as a symbol of independence Using land as a representation of autonomy is also used by the author as a theme to achieve her quest of showing that individual who own land are influence and independent. Throughout the book Papa together with Mama and Big Mama asserts, “We won’t loss the land” those individuals and families that own land such as the Lagons are in apposition to afford a better life and do not undergo humiliations of landlords. The family sees land as directly linked to the entire family, on the other hand, the white; Granger thinks that owning land is a ticket to be dominant over the blacks. Human feelings and the environment On the same note, using environmental attributes to echo how human feel concerning issues they are facing has also been achieved by the author. Weather conditions such as muddy conditions, dusty depict how the blacks are being discriminated especially in acquiring education (Taylor 21). Thunder storm aims at asserting the emergence of violence which will eventually be calmed. Importance of coming of age through experience The author has tried to develop a character from Cassie that help the reader to see the importance of people coming of age though experience. By this, she is able to know the extent of the racism that happens in the south through her own experience making her learn the drawbacks of the vice in the community. This is also passed to the reader of the novel Roll of Thunder, Hear My Cry. The intention of the author was to pass a message to the people about the importance of love, family and self-respect by building the character of Cassie inclined toward the same. She is made to achieve this through the hard way and by age to ensure that when she starts making her own decision, she is able to make mature one. She is seen being humiliated during an accident in strawberry to ensure that she learn life is not always fair. She has to experience TJ destruction so that she realize that any mistake n matter how small to a young black person, can lead to a very severe punishment. Her parents’ worries of losing land make her realize with time that nothing is secure so she must always be cautious. These development help the author to pass her intended message to the reader about the importance of hard experiences in life to ensure that they ignite a mature responsibility, love and caring in ones life. Importance of good friendship choice The author tries to educate the reader on the caution that one has to have when choosing ones friend in life. She talks of Papa telling Stacey that they should be aware of friendship with black. She went ahead and justifies by showing the reader this risk through TJ friendship with RW and Melvin. She wants to pass a message about the importance of a good and responsible friendship, which can only be achieved, by persistence and forgiveness. Importance of independence and self-respect The writer has shown the importance of parent instilling self-respect and independence to their children. This is demonstrated by the way Mary and David Logan instill the same to their children. Cassie demonstrates these self-respect shock utterances to Mr. Barnett treatment in the store. She also creates this by self-assurance by explaining the Little Man reaction to the derogatory statements in the book. The writer shows that the children must have a balance in the survival and their self-respect. This helps the author to convey her message to the reader about the importance of choosing independently and self-respect in once life. Greed as a cause of hatred The reader is able to demonstrate the effect of greed towards causing hatred among the people. She shows Mama being fired by the school board at her middle of teaching. She is teaching about the cruelty of the slave and the economic advantage that the whites had in slave trade. Through their malicious greed, Wallace and Granger are able to propagate this through violence to control blacks. Their deeds were ignited by their will to buy Logan Land oblivious of the harm that they were causing to the people. Therefore, the author is able to convey a message to eradicate this vice from the public. By this hatred, that lead Papa’s wife to lose her job he develop hatred towards the board members and in turn, he came up with the idea of starting fire as a strategy to save TJ life. Such vices play a negative role in the society and the writer’s motive is to curb it in the society at all cost. Conclusions In conclusion the author has been able to use the novel to meet the purpose which she intended to pass over to its readers. She has therefore ensured it being successful by development of well articulated themes and building up of characters around a family setup which most readers can be able to identify with (Taylor, 87). The main purpose which has come out very clearly in the book is about racial discrimination and how liberation of such discrimination which is viewed by many as slavery brings in independence and self-respect to those who have been affected. She has articulated that self respect is achieved through independence of someone being able to make choices freely and being accept responsibility freely without being forced. Slavery and discrimination has denied those who are oppressed when they are making decision as they are limited to what those who they refer to as their masters perceive is right for them.
Dextranase Enzyme Production. Dextranase definition and its uses Dextran is a collective name given to a large class of homopolysaccharides composed of D-glucans with contiguous a-1, 6 glycosidic linkages (95%), with minor secondary linkages such as a-1, 2, a-1, 3 and a-1, 4 . It is produced by microorganisms such as Leuconostoc mesenteroides, Streptococcus sp., Acetobacter capsulatus and Acetobacter viscus . Dextrans are well soluble in water, have low toxicity, and relative inertness. These properties make dextrans effective water-soluble carriers for dyes, indicators, and reactive groups in a wide variety of applications. They are widely used in the pharmaceutical and biochemical fields. Dextrans of low molecular weight are used as an alternative to blood plasma. They are also used for clinical purposes such as drug delivery , and by cross-linking for the production of the chromatographic matrix Sephadex. They are also widely used as both anterograde and retrograde tracers in neurons . On the other hand microbial synthesis of dextrans in damaged cane and beets or other products containing sucrose is a serious problem in sugar and food industry. Dextran is also a structural component of dental plaque which causes the development of dental caries , . Dextranases are enzymes that cleave the a-1,6 glycosidic linkages of dextran to yield either glucose or isomaltose (exodextranases) or isomalto-oligosaccharides (endodextranases), and are only produced as extracellular enzymes by a small number of bacteria and fungi, including yeasts and perhaps some higher eukaryotes . Enzymes in many groups can be classified as dextranases according to function: dextranhydrolases, glucodextranases, exoisomaltohydrolases, exoisomaltotriohydrases, and branched-dextran exo-1,2-alpha glucosidases. In particular the chemical reaction catalyzed is as follows: (1,4-alpha-D-glucosyl)n (1,4-alpha-D-glucosyl)m â†” (1,4-alpha-D-glucosyl)n-1 (1,6-alpha-D-glucosyl)m 1 These enzymes belong to the family of glycosyltransferases, specifically the exosyltransferases. The systematic name of this enzyme class is: 1,4-alpha-D-glucan: 1,6-alphaD-glucan 6 alpha-d-glucosyltransferase. Other commonly used names include dextrin 6-glucosyltransferase and dextrin dextranase. Many microorganisms are known to produce dextranase, including filamentous fungi belonging to the genera Penicillium, Aspergillus, Spicaria, Fusarium and Chaetomium, bacteria, e.g. Lactobacillus, Cellvibrio, Flavobacterium etc. The only yeasts reported to produce dextranases are members of the family Lipomycetaceae. Only Lipomyces kononenkoae  and Lipomyces starkeyi dextranases have been characterized . Potential commercial uses of dextranases include: The synthesis of potentially valuable oligosaccharides  Potential mouthwash ingredients since isomaltose may be of significant importance for the prevention of dental caries ,  Clearance of dextran contamination in cane sugar processing  Dual-stimuli-responsive drug release as in biodegradable polymer-structured hydrogels of gelatin and dextran . Hydrogels are used for a wide range of biomaterials applications such as: contact lenses, drug delivery vehicles and tissue adhesives. Dextrans are polymers that mimic biological sugars found on tissue surfaces. The dextran hydrogel system with tunable mechanical and biochemical properties appears promising for applications in cell culture and tissue engineering  Drug delivery device suitable for delivering drug to the colon , . Brondsted et al. studied the application glutaraldehyde dextran as a capsule material for colon-specific drug delivery. The dextran capsules were challenged with a dextranase solution, simulating the arrival of the drug delivery to the colon, so they broke and the drug was released as a dose pump. The outcome highlights the dextran capsules as promising candidates for providing a colon-specific drug delivery Also in site-specific drug delivery systems with the use of antibodies  The improvement of brewing yeast strain for beer industry. Due to the rising demand for low-calorie beverages, including beer, recombinant strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae have been produced by integrating LSD1 gene of Lipomyces starkeyi . S. cerevisiae lacks the ability to produce extracellular depolymerising enzymes that can efficiently liberate fermentable sugar from abundant, polysaccharide rich substrates . By introducing the gene mentioned above, adding an exogenous enzyme during beer fermentation to achieve starch hydrolysis and oligosaccharide reduction can be avoided Carbohydrase activity produced can also be exploited in sensitive chromogenic bioassays for toxicity: a mycotoxin bioassay using the intracellular Î²-galactosidase activity of Kluyveromyces marxianus has been developed  Classification of dextranase based on amino acid sequence Dextranases are dextran-degrading enzymes that form a diverse group of carbohydrases and transferases. The more recent classification divides dextranases into two classes: endodextranases (a-1,6-glucan-6-glucnohydrolase; also referred to as dextranase) and exodextranases ( glucan-1,6-Î±-glycosidase; also referred to as dextran glucosidases). The Nomenclature Committee of the International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (IUB-MB) provides a system of classification depending on the type of reaction catalyzed and product specificity (Table 1). Contrary to that system, the Carbohydrate Active Enzymes (CAZy) database describes the families on terms of structural and mechanical features of these enzymes; enzymes with different substrate specificities are placed in the same family and those that hydrolyze the same substrate are sometimes placed in different families. In another classification system, Henrissat and Bairoch  have divided glucosylhydrolases and glycosyltransferases into five families on the basis of the similarities in the amino acid sequences (Table 2). Table 1: The IUB-MB classification system EC220.127.116.11 Dextranases EC18.104.22.168 Glucan-1,6-glucosidases EC22.214.171.124 Glucan-1,6-isomaltosidases EC126.96.36.199 Dextran-1,6-isomaltotriosidases EC188.8.131.52 Branched-dextran exo-1,2-glucosidases Table 2: Classification of dextran hydrolysing enzymes, based on amino acid sequences. Dextran-glucosidases Families 13Dextranase Enzyme Production
Marcus Mosiah Garvey Jr. was born in St. Ann’s Bay, Jamaica, on August 17, 1887. He was the youngest of eleven siblings born to Marcus Mosiah Garvey Sr., a mason, and Sarah Jane Richards, a house-wife and farmer. Marcus and his sister Indiana were the only ones to reach maturity. Garvey attended elementary in St. Ann’s Bay, and at the age of fourteen moved to Kingston, the nation’s capital, to work as a printer. Soon after, he became involved with public activities and helped design Jamaica’s first trade union, the Printers Union. He then participated in printers strikes, where workers refused to do any labor until their demands were met. This experience had great impact on both Garvey’s political passion as well as his journalistic passion. In 1910, Marcus Garvey embarked on a journey through Central America; a journey that completely changed him from a typical person concerned with the less fortunate’s well being, to someone disposed to free the black race from subjugation. During his travels, he visited Panama, Costa Rica, and Ecuador and edited for many fundamentalist newspapers. Soon after returning to Jamaica for a short while, Garvey advanced to England, where exposure to African nationalists stroked in him a great interest in Africa as well as in black history. In every nation he frequented, Garvey noticed that the black man was always treated with inferiority and fell victim to stronger race’s standards. He concluded that the only way to improve the black man’s situation was to unite the black race. Around that time, Garvey had been tantalized by Booker T. Washington’s “Up from Slavery” writings. He had also worked with the Sudanese-Egyptian nationalist Duse Mohamed Ali, and initiated writing for Ali’s magazines, where he was later introduced to other black activists. In 1914, upon departing England and returning to Jamaica, Garvey assembled the Universal Negro Improvement Association and the African Communities League (UNIA-ACL). Their moral was “One God, One Aim, One Destiny” with an intent to reclaim to Africa and to uplift Black people world-wide. These associations became the nucleus for Garvey’s efforts throughout his life. In 1916 Garvey went to the United States at Booker T. Washington’s invitation to raise funds that would help continue the work of his ground organizations. Branches of the UNIA had been formed in New York, as well as in Central and South America, and in the Caribbean. The development of the UNIA was broadcasted by the Negro World, a newspaper circulated in English, Spanish, and French. Negro World was printed in New York City between 1918 and 1933, and was followed by Black Man, a magazine which was circulated through the 1930s and published in London after 1934. Black people all over the globe had access to Negro World; it was even introduced to the interior of Africa, even though it had been banned there by white leaders. In a very short amount of time, Marcus Garvey had become the most active, daring, bold and engaged African leader in the western half of the world. To aggrandize his movement, in 1920 Garvey contemplated and materialized a shipping line called Black Star Line. It would serve as UNIA’s instrument to advocate worldwide exchange between black communities. Unfortunately, it was the lack of success of this venture that allowed Garvey’s adversaries to disestablish him. Those who had invested in the shipping company were out of their money, and in 1925 Garvey was sentenced to 10 years in prison. After serving 2 years and ten months of his sentence, Garvey was deported to Jamaica. Consequently, the land that had been assigned to Garvey’s organization people relocating to Africa, was given to Harvey Firestone, a white American industrialist. After his return to Jamaica, Garvey tried to participate in local politics, but because of limitations for blacks at the time, he was not allowed to vote. In 1935, Garvey moved to England where he remained active in his works of social protest and freeing of Africa. He passed away in London on June 10, 1940. He had two sons by his second wife, Amy Jacques, whom he had married in 1922. No other organization has had such great influence as the UNIA and ACL did. From 1922 to 1924 there were more than eight million followers. These members joined the organization at five years of age and progressed into divisions for older children. Garvey preached to black people that they would familiarize themselves with their history and heritage; that they would take great pride in the black race. He was the first leader to strongly impose black power. In his own words: “A race without authority and power is a race without respect.” He was a determined and uncompromising leader who emphasized the necessity to have black institutions under black command. The red, black, and green Black Liberation Flag, which he made well-known, continues to motivate young generations of Black nationalists and activists to this day.
SPED 574 UOP Social Skills and Peer Wk 4 Relationships Discussion.
I’m working on a education & teaching discussion question and need an explanation to help me learn.
SPE/574: Characteristics Of Intellectual/developmental DisabilitiesWk 4 Discussion – Social Skills and Peer Relationships [due Thurs]Discussion TopicPost a total of 3 substantive responses over 2 separate days for full participation. This includes your initial post and 2 replies to classmates or your faculty member. Due Thursday Building on the topics of assessment and evaluation and specialized health care needs from Weeks 2 and 3, we will shift the focus to instructional content and best practices for teaching learners with intellectual and developmental disabilities and TBI. Respond to the following in a minimum of 175 words: As a special education teacher, you will be teaching much more than academic concepts and skills. What are some other areas that you will be addressing in your instruction?What is the importance of peer relationships in the learning and lives of students with disabilities? How will you foster these relationships?
SPED 574 UOP Social Skills and Peer Wk 4 Relationships Discussion
Standard Operational Platforms
Standard Operational Platforms.
Operational Platform Preferences.” Please respond to the following:Let’s discuss the topic of industry standard operational platforms, PC versus MAC, Linux versus Windows, and lastly Oracle versus SQL Server. It’s common for many individuals to strongly prefer one over the other as it relates to their chosen platform. When working in the IT field, you’ll be trained on various operating systems. In addition to that, you are free to specialize in a particular platform; such as Windows and PC’s or MAC’s and Mac OS’s. Discuss which operating system (s) you’re familiar with. Are you open to exploring the other system for which you’re less familiar with? What have you found to be the most challenging to learn? What advice can you offer to support someone who is new to your favorite platform based on what you have learned this week and your experience.
Standard Operational Platforms
HIST 131 California State University San Marcos Differing Freedoms Discussion
assignment helper HIST 131 California State University San Marcos Differing Freedoms Discussion.
The end of the Civil War and the ratification of the 13th Amendment meant freedom for millions of enslaved people. But, as Foner states, “did freedom mean simply the absence of slavery, or did it imply other rights for the former slaves…?” Chapter 15 examines several different meanings of freedom that emerged in the Reconstruction Era. After reading the chapter and the primary sources, explain in your own words at least 2 of these different ‘freedoms’ that became crucial for African Americans and how that impacted Reconstruction policies. Next, describe 2 reasons why Reconstruction failed to manifest many of those freedoms and the lasting impact of that failure on our U.S. History even today.Ref Book: Foner, Eric Give Me Liberty: An American History Volume 2 From 1877 6th edition with
Ebook, InQuizitive, and History Skills (Norton Press, 2019) ISBN-13: 978-0-393-41826-2 Ref: Chapter 15
HIST 131 California State University San Marcos Differing Freedoms Discussion
Please choose one of the following prompts and respond to it in no less than 300-400 words. In your
Please choose one of the following prompts and respond to it in no less than 300-400 words. In your response, you must fully answer all aspects of the question and support your answer with reference to course materials (textbook,videos, etc). Questions: 1.Consider Weber’s distinction between authority and power. Which does he think is more effective and stable, and why? Who holds authority and power in your society (and in your life), and why do you think, using Weber’s theory, they are able to maintain this position over you and others? 2.Many people believe that a society without power is not possible. Take the opposite position. If we were to assume that a society without power is possible, how might it work? Would it still need authority? If so, why? If not, why not?
History of Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) Research Paper
Alcoholism is the excessive intake of alcohol, which leads to addiction and poor health. AA is a group that aims at helping alcohol addicts and other people to stay sober. Christians argue that AA has Christian root because it was attached to Oxford Group, which is also called Moral Re-Armament (MRA). Historians believe that the persons who invented AA were following the Oxford movement in 1930s. It is not clear whether the founders of alcoholics anonymous, Bill Wilson and Bob Smith, acknowledged Jesus Christ as their savior or the way to God. According to Alcoholics Anonymous (AA), Frank Buchman was the founder of the group named as First Century Christian Fellowship which later changed its name to Oxford Group. Samuel shoemaker was the other leader, but from the Episcopal Church. The driving force of the movement depended on the experience rather than the bible teachings. Buchman never criticized any doctrine in his meetings because he did not want to displease anyone, and he was able to have a large group of people as his followers. The Oxford Group was a nondenominational movement. There are some facts that the founders of AA did not receive Jesus Christ as their personal savior, and did not have time to listen to the gospel. Wilson and Smith went to the Oxford Group to learn the Oxford Group’s techniques of prayer, for example: surrender, guidance, and moral principles. In the occult guidance, the followers prayed and kept quit to hear from God. They would write down what they heard and their guidance came from their spirits rather than from God. Wilson was a drunkard and was not able to graduate from his law school. His drinking problems destroyed his marriage and he was hospitalized for alcoholism. To spread the word, he wrote down the principles of sobriety, and each scripture was sent to Smith for editing. The book had many titles, such as The Way Out and The Empty Glass, which was edited to 400 pages, hence became Alcoholic Anonymous book in 1938. In the same year Oxford Group changed its name to Alcoholics Anonymous; the group had many members, but they were still drinking. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In the early years of the group formation, there was a slight decline in the number of group members, but with time it doubled and tripled. Wilson had many audience in twelve traditions, and that is when he set the by-laws of alcoholics and anonymous. He created individual freedom, and no contributions were required in this group. Today A.A has more than two million members who hold meetings in church basements. Members classify themselves as alcoholics and give their stories. They use only their first names and there are no rules and regulations. As AA group grew, Wilson became its icon. He wrote a book in 1939 whose title was the Alcoholic Anonymous, and was referred as the Big Book by its members, and its main topic was how to stay sober. He helped create governing rule, board members of the group, and gave over his power and said that he had become a pupil rather than a teacher. He declined to take money for counseling and leadership and refused many honors, such as a degree from Yale University in 1954, and he refused to appear on the magazine cover regardless of people urging him to turn his back. He later died of pneumonia and emphysema in 1971. Furthermore, the anonymity of AA was practiced because it was experimental, and its aim was to protect members from being seen as alcoholics because they feared that if they made their membership in public, and then go back to drinking, it would ruin the reputation of the group, and threaten the progress of the group. Wilson considered anonymity as a rule that would make members to avoid indulging in behaviors that might lead to going to alcoholism again. Oxford Group had a great impact on AA because it practices a formula of self development by performing self account, admitting mistakes and correction, and meditation using prayers while passing the message to others. Work Cited Alcoholics Anonymous. Alcoholics Anonymous Timeline: Over 70 Years of Growth. 2011. Web. We will write a custom Research Paper on History of Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More