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Role of Social Interactions in Identity Formation

Critically examine how sociology discusses social interactions (or social relations) and the role these interactions play in shaping the notion of self and/or identity. Social interaction involves people communicating face-to-face, acting and reacting in relation to each other using verbal as well as non-verbal cues. Every social interaction is characterised and dependent on people’s distinct positions in terms of their statuses, their standards of conduct – or ‘norms’ – and their sets of expected behaviour – or ‘roles’ (Furze et al., 2008: 115). Furze et al. identify three major modes of social interaction, each of which is not without its limitations. This essay will suggest that perhaps there is a need for a refinement or refashioning of existing approaches to the study of social interaction due to such limitations. In addition, the inexplicable link between notions of the self, individual identity and the social realm will be established, namely through the work of Richard Jenkins. Exchange theory involves social interactions which trade in attention and other valued resources. As an important social force that cements social interactions, it is a competitive exchange of resources. People communicate to varying degrees to extract some sort of benefit from interactions, one that is often of an economic nature. For example, a brief everyday interaction between a supermarket shopper and the cashier could be subject to this theory. Rational choice theory describes how interacting people will always try to maximise benefits and minimise costs to themselves. That is, everyone wants to gain the most from their interactions – socially, emotionally, and economically – while paying the least. Dramaturgical analysis describes the way in which social interaction involves a constant role-playing, an approach that was first developed by sociologist Erving Goffman (1959). He likens the presentation of the self in everyday life to that of actors in a theatre. We are constantly engaged in role-playing which is most evident when we are ‘front stage’ in public settings (Furze et al., 2008: 127). We learn, socialise and adopt roles so that we know what is considered acceptable behaviour in the public domain. We take these on through the various institutions of socialisation, such as the family, the school and the media, for example. Furthermore, Goffman’s analysis problematises Pierre Bourdieu’s theory of power, practice and conflict theories of social interaction. Conflict theory emphasises that when people interact, their statuses are arranged in a hierarchy and the degree of inequality strongly affects the character of social interaction between the interacting parties (Bourdieu, 1977). On the other hand Goffman implies that such cues can be manipulated and misinterpreted. For example, a luxury car may signify wealth but if it were in fact stolen property then its public impression contradicts the actual status held by its owner. These theoretical frameworks for social interaction, then, are important to sociology because they have been developed in an attempt to explain how we live with each other in various forms of social relations. The idea of face-to-face relations is a much broader idea now than, say, around 20 years ago where avenues for social interaction such as the Internet and mobile phones were. It is mostly structured around norms and status we carry, for example. The ever-increasing popularity over the past five years of Internet Social Networking Sites such as Facebook and Twitter, for example, complicate Goffman’s notion of the front stage-backstage binary. The notion of the self in an early historical sociological view was that there was a separation between society and the self. C. Wright Mills (1959) as well as Emile Durkheim in the example of suicide maintain that, certainly, the public world (socio-cultural world) and the private self are always interconnected (Geary, 2009). We are shaped by a specific set of forces which locate the self in and of particular sets of circumstances and this is what is what is referred to as the process of socialisation. We develop a sense of self by how we perceive the other. Identifying ourselves or others is a matter of meaning, and meaning always involves interaction: agreement and disagreement, convention and innovation, communication and negotiation (Jenkins, 2004: 4). Identity formation, then, is almost always already part of social and cultural relations or interactions. To identify the self and the so-called other person, according to Jenkins, relates to the way meaning-making impacts on us, as well as the way we alter such meanings. The individual and the collective are routinely entangled with each other and the three approaches – exchange theory, rational choice theory and dramaturgical analysis – outlined by Furze et al. are some examples. These must accommodate the fluidity of identity and notions of the self.
Arizona State University Fix Beowulf Poem Journal Questions.

I will post my assignment please fix I got a 19/25 and need a better grade I will post how the citing should be and the questions need to be answered follow directions plagiarism free I’ll post article only lines from 705-1060Beowulf Journal Assignmernt Lines 704 – 1060in paragraph format, please answer the following questions.Each answer MUST have at least two cited examples in MLA FORMAT from the text to support your answer.How does the Beowulf poet present Beowulf as a character? What are his characteristics–break it down?How do the characters of Hrothgar and Beowulf see their relationship to God (or the gods)?Is there a difference in perpsective?Why would a Christian author write a poem about a pagan hero? (This does not require a citation. Tell me how you feel from what you have read so far.”Does the heroic code expressed in Beowulfconflict with a Christian sensibility? And if so, in what ways? Use at least two examples.Remember, when citing from a poem you must use line numbers. There is a link to the MLA Guide on our blackboard page. You may also consult: owl.english.purdue.educational Must be in depth writing and be at least two pages long
Arizona State University Fix Beowulf Poem Journal Questions

Comparison of Land Line

No one can ever forget Alexander Graham Bell, who is credited as the inventor of “Telephone”. With innovation and advancement in technology, the simple two way communicating device has taken a new form popularly known as “mobile phone”. We have reached an era where it is very common to hear words like “I can’t live without mobile phone”. Cell phone has become a part of our daily life. Let it be business deals, any personal work or meetings everything today can be done with the help of mobile phone. A Mobile Phone, Cell Phone or Hand Phone is an electronic device which lets the user to be mobile and make or receive telephone calls across a wide geographical area, served by many public cells. The calls could be made to and received from either a fixed line or another mobile. Mobile phone uses a wireless network for communication i.e. a network which is which is not connected by cables of any kind. Base Station (BS).Each base station is in turn is connected to a central hub and is controlled by this switching office, also known as Mobile Switching Center (MSC). MSC is nothing else but a computerized center that is responsible for connecting calls, recording call information and billing. The communication between all the base stations and the telephone central office is coordinated by MSC. PSTN connects all conventional telephone switching centers with MSCs throughout the world. Also, the cell size is not fixed and can be increased or decreased depending on the population of the area. Generally, the radius is kept 1 to 12 mi. In comparison to low density areas, high density areas require more geographically smaller cells to meet the traffic demands. Once the cell is determined, the cell size is optimized so that the adjacent cells signals are not interfered. For this purpose, the transmission power of each cell is kept low to prevent its signal from interfering with those of other cells. Block Diagram of cellular Network Difference between Fixed Line and Mobile Phone In case of public switched telephone network (PSTN), the landline trunked lines (trunks) are used for transfer of information. These trunks comprise of fiber optic cables, copper cables, microwave links and satellite links. The network configuration in the PSTN is virtually static as the changes in the network connections would be required only when the subscriber would change the residence. Wireless networks, on the other hand are highly dynamic, wherein the network configuration is to be rearranged every time the subscriber moves into the coverage region of new base station. Unlike fixed networks which are difficult to change, wireless networks must reconfigure themselves for users within small intervals of time (on the fraction of seconds) to provide roaming and imperceptible handoffs between calls as a mobiles moves about. The available channel bandwidth for fixed networks can be increased by installing high capacity cables whereas wireless networks are constrained by RF cellular bandwidth provided for each user. Frequency Reuse Principle Increasing the capacity and coverage area is the key feature of any cellular network and this can be accomplished by re-using the frequency. It is true that to avoid interference, neighboring cells should not use same frequency but as the frequencies available is limited, they can be reused. A frequency reuse pattern is nothing else but a collection of N cells arranged together where N is the reuse factor, in which each cell uses a unique set of frequencies. The frequencies can be reused whenever the pattern is repeated. F1,F2, F3,and F4 in the above diagram define the pattern with the reuse factor of 4.The cells that use the same frequencies(ones with the same frequency number) are known as reusing cells. Transmitting and Receiving Calls Whenever user makes a call from cell phone, the mobile station searches for a band with a strong signal to setup a channel and send the data to the closest base station using that channel. The base station then connects to Mobile Switching Center (MSC) and passes the data to it. MSC further passes the data to the telephone central office. A connection is established and result is sent back to MSC, if the called party is available. At this point MSC assigns an unused voice channel to the call and mobile station automatically adjusts its tuning to the new channel so that communication can take place. Whenever a call is made to a mobile phone , the central office of the telephone from where the call has been initiated sends the number to the MSC.MSC in turn sends the query signals to each cell in process to find out the location of mobile station. This process is called paging. Once the mobile station is found MSC sends the ringing signal to it and after the station answers, a voice channel is assigned to the call for the communication to begin. Handoff The process of transferring the connected or on going call from one channel to another in order to prevent the termination of call is known as Handoff or Handover. Whenever the mobile station moves from one cell to another and signal becomes weak, handover is required. MSC monitors the level of signal every few seconds and if it finds the strength of signal diminishing then it searches for a new cell wherein better communication can take place. There are two types of handoff: Hard Handoff: In this case, a mobile station communicates only with one base station. When the mobile station moves from one cell to another, the connection with the target cell is established only when the connection from the source is broken. Thus, such handovers are also known as break-before-make. Soft Handoff: In this case, a mobile station can communicate with two base stations so there is no need of breaking from the source cell to make a connection to a target cell. Instead, a mobile station may continue with a new connection while retaining the older one for a while. Thus, such handovers are known as make-before-break. Access Technologies Frequency Division Multiple Access (FDMA): FDMA is a technique in which the spectrum is divided into frequencies and is assigned to users. The channel is assigned to only one subscriber or user at a time i.e. A channel will remain blocked until the call which was initially made has completed. A “full duplex” FDMA requires two channels, one for sending or transmitting the data and another for receiving. FDMA technology was used in first generation systems, which were analog systems. Time Division Multiple Access (TDMA): TDMA splits each frequency into time slots thus improving spectrum capacity. In TDMA technology, each user is allowed to access the entire radio frequency channel for the short period of a call. The same frequency channel can be shared by other users as well at different time slots. The base station continually switches from user to user on the channel. The second generation mobile cellular network is dominated by TDMA. Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA): CDMA simply means communicating with different codes. It allows all the users to occupy all channels at the same time thus increasing the spectrum capacity. Each voice or data call is assigned a unique code, so that calls could be differentiated from each other while being carried over the same spectrum. In case of CDMA terminals can communicate with various base stations using the feature known as “soft hand-off”. Mobile Generations: Evolution from 1G to 3G With the rapid advances in technology and the greater selection of new wireless services and applications the mobile has grown through various generations fulfilling the increasing demands of its users. First Generation (1G) mobile phones were analog which had only voice facility. Additional facilities like messaging and data services, fax were introduced in digital phones known as Second Generation (2G) mobile phones. The third generation mobile phones (3G) which are being talked about a lot nowadays, includes high speed of internet browsing, picture and video messaging facilities. In short, multimedia facilities when added to the second generation mobiles (2G) gave birth to the third Generation mobile phones. First Generation Mobile System: The cellular networks were introduced in 1980’s and since then it has not stopped growing. The first generation mobiles were analog systems with the capability of transmitting at the speed of 9.6 kbps max. At that time there was no worldwide coordination for the development of technical standards worldwide. AMPS (Advanced Mobile Phone System) was invented in Bell Labs and was installed in United States in 1982.When used in England and Japan it was known as TACS and MCS-L1.In 1G mobile systems roaming was not possible and efficient use of frequency spectrum was not there. Second Generation Mobile System: ETSI was created in Europe in mid 1980s to standardize the mobile communication sector. This standardization lead to the beginning of new network which was based on digital technology and popularly known as Global System for Mobile Communication (GSM).GSM was actually introduced to add more services to the actual network as well as meet the requirements of data traffic. GSM consists of the following three main components: 1. Base Station Subsystem 2.Network Subsystem 3.Network Management System Base Station Subsystem: It consists of Base Transreceiver Station (BTS), Base Station Controller (BSC) and Transcoder sub-multiplexer (TCSM).BTS is the network component that manages the interface between mobile station and the network. Mobile terminals are connected to the BTS through the air interface. BTS makes use of omnidirectional or directional antennas for transmission and reception. BSC provides major functions like handover and managing radio resources. Network Subsystem: Network subsystem is basically an interface between the public network and GSM network. All the communication between mobile users and other users (ISDN, fixed, mobile) is managed by NSS. The databases of subscriber and is also kept with NSS to manage users mobility. Various components of NSS are described below: 1) Mobile Switching Center (MSC): It is the most important component that performs switching functions necessary for interconnections between mobile users and other users (fixed or mobile). 2) GMSC: To connect the cellular network with PSTN, a gateway known as GMSC is used. 3) Home Location Register (HLR): All the information about the subscriber such as the coverage area, services provided to the user, current location and mobile equipment status etc is maintained in this register. The database remains same until the termination of subscription. 4) Visitor Location Register (VLR): The information of subscriber is uploaded in this register whenever he enters the coverage region so that necessary services could be provided to him. VLR of the new region is updated with the database whenever the subscriber moves to the new region. VLR is dynamic in nature as it keeps the data of the subscriber temporarily and interacts with HLR for recording the data. 5) Authentication Center (AUC): It takes care of the security by providing standards for encryption and authentication of users. Encryption key is kept in mobile equipment as well as AUC to protect the network from unauthorized access. 6) Equipment Identity Register (EIR): All mobiles are identified using IMEI (International Mobile Equipment Identity) number which is written on the battery of the phone. EIR keeps the list of all valid IMEI number and whenever a call is initiated, the network checks the IMEI number and call is connected if the number is valid. No calls are allowed from unauthorized terminals. 7) GSM Interworking Unit (GIWU): GIWU is an element or a unit that is a combination of hardware and software and synchronizes the information. It lets the user to choose between message and speech mode by acting as an interface to different networks. Network Management System: The third element of GSM basically monitors the different elements and functions of the network. It performs the following main tasks: Network Monitoring Network Development Network Measurement Fault Management NMS continuously monitors the performance of the network to ensure it runs smoothly. The performance can be measured by collecting the data from the individual elements for analysis and storing it in the database. The network operator can then compare the data collected in the database with the one which was actually expected. If any fault occurs, the fault alarm is generated .These faults are then required to be corrected either by NMS or manually. Interfaces in GSM Different interfaces are used in GSM. These are Air , Abis and A interface.Air interface is an interface between Mobile station and Base Transreceiver Station (BTS),Abis connects Base Transreceiver Station (BTS) to Base Station Controller (BSC), and A interface is the one which is present between TCSM and MSC. GSM Architecture Value added services such as voice mail and short message services (sms) were added to GSM along with intelligent services like Pre-paid and fraud management. Later on, GPRS (General Packet Radio Services) was introduced so that packet switched data service could be provided. SGSN (Serving GPRS) and GGSN (Gateway GPRS) were new elements which were introduced in the existing system so that packets could be sent to air interface. IP routers, firewall servers and Domain name servers were also used along with these elements. Finally, to increase the data rate better coding methods were used. Third Generation Mobile System

Tatweer Company’s Role in the UAE Economic Development Case Study

online dissertation writing Abstract Tatweer played a major role in the economic development of the United Arab Emirates. All principalities and local governments under the emirates control and influence cannot afford Tatweer’s demise. Tatweer brought in a great deal of economic activity to the UAE through the construction of theme parks, high-end residential building, and corporate offices. Aside from its effective and cutting-edge business strategies, Tatweer’s secret to its success was Saeed al Muntafiq, the firm’s charismatic CEO. In the first quarter of 2016 when projected income did not come into fruition, there were talks about authorizing a massive layoff eliminating various positions from office workers to high-level sales agents. The CEO threatened to resign if Tatweer’s Board of Directors authorised the said move. Be that as it may, the failure to act decisively in order to reduce the firm’s overhead cost caused the filing of bankruptcies for other rival firms. On the other hand, it was during Muntafiq’s leadership that brought in billions of dollars in revenue for Tatweer. His resignation surely affected the performance of the company and its ability to attract investors. Termination Point: Tatweer on the Verge of a Massive Layoff The Organization: Overview of Tatweer Tatweer was one of the largest real estate companies within the United Arab Emirates. In order to understand the importance of the company in the region’s economic development, it was important to point out that the firm earned the right to build the world’s tallest tower, and was charged to construct it in the middle of Dubai. In addition, Tatweer scored a major victory 4 years ago when it was awarded the right to build a project worth USD$90 billion. The said project was dubbed Dubai Oasis. In the said project, Tatweer spearheaded a group of construction firms that worked together in the creation of Dubai’s Healthcare City. In addition, numerous residential towers, residential dwellings, and corporate towers emerged out of the desert sands due to the technical and management expertise of the engineers and planners under the employ of Tatweer. The company was viewed as a critical player in the government’s desire to transform the UAE. The firm’s capability to work alongside government representatives and allies made it easier for local leaders to work with Tatweer. Thus, this perception of reliability and high-quality service ensured the steady flow of projects for the company. In fact, Tatweer was entrusted to build theme parks in partnership with multinational firms that brought into fruition projects like Lego Land and Universal Studios. It has been made clear that Tatweer was instrumental not only in bringing in millions of tourist into Dubai but also the creation of a real estate development phenomenon that attracted ex-pats to live and work within the UAE. Aside from tapping into the vast capabilities of the professionals working under the Tatweer banner, the firm initiated its own projects as corporate leaders view long term development. One of the important assets under the control of Tatweer was the 350 hectares of prime real estate lands within Dubai. If the company had access to build corporate towers, residential condominiums, and theme parks for tourism projects, the future looked bright for the firm. On the other hand, the impact of socio-economic factors within the UAE and outside the borders of the country also affected the firm’s capability to snare lucrative deals down the road. Case Characters Saeed al Muntafiq He was the CEO of the said firm and had a hands-on approach with regards to the investment processes that affected the organization. He started his career in the petroleum industry wherein he learned critical management skills that proved useful in dealing with a great number of people. As a result, he was able to bring together different groups of people, professionals and consultants from different parts of the globe. He has the capability to inspire a disparate group of workers and professionals to accomplish complicated goals and business milestones. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Although Muntafiq was an excellent manager, he brought a unique set of skills to Tatweer that was unrivalled by other professionals under the employ of the said enterprise. He was a charismatic leader and communicated complicated ideas to investors so that they were assured that their money will not go to waste. He developed this skill when he served as the CEO for Dubai Media City at the turn of the 21st century. Thus, when he was recruited to work for Tatweer he brought with him not only a wealth of knowledge on how to run a business operation, because he also added value through insights regarding business relations within the UAE, such as contacts with high-ranking government officials. Khalid Usman He was the head of Tatweer’s Human Resource Department. He earned his stripes when he worked as the firm’s HR Project Manager several years ago. He learned valuable lessons regarding the human resource context of the firm’s operations when he focused on performance management, and when he provided support for other HR managers during his first few years in the company. As a result, he was able to internalize the company’s corporate values. At the same time, he had a deep understanding of the inner-workings of the company. His skills and knowledge about the business model grew in leaps and bounds when he became the head of the recruitment arm of the company for two years. He used to oversee recruitment processes in Lebanon and in Dubai. His Lebanese connection allowed him to tap into the international job market, and this enabled him to acquire top talent for the company. The Dubai leg of the recruitment process gave him ample opportunity to hire the best workers that manifested deep understanding about the Emirate culture. As the head of the HRM department, Usman was the unrivalled authority when it came to Tatweer’s workforce. He knew by heart the concentration of workers within a particular project or office. Abdul Zain He was known within Tatweer as a top-notch professional and an uncompromising gentleman with a sharp with and kind heart. He brought with his high level of expertise when it comes to corporate budgeting, planning, and analysis. He had the capability to create a simplified and easy to digest business report that was gleaned from a complicated and highly technical document submitted by department heads. His capacity to synthesize and integrate information into an easy to understand package made him a valuable consultant for the company. Zain honed his skills while serving under different professional undertakings, such as bank executive, educator, and media consultant. The Board of Directors looked forward to reading Zain’s reports because he knew how to revamp the same in order for top corporate leaders to understand the impact in terms of cash and revenue. His reports not only provide valuable insights with regards to the company’s bottom line, but he also included an in-depth analysis of how department heads spent the allocated budget. As a result, he was able to suggest strategies that enhanced the company’s cost-efficiency in the long run. We will write a custom Case Study on Tatweer Company’s Role in the UAE Economic Development specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In addition, Zain had the capability to see the overall picture and how the business model affects the operation of the company. Zain understood the ebb and flow of workers so that he had insights with regards to the optimal number of workers and sales agents that must populate a certain project in order to assure the company’s profitability down the line. He was not afraid to suggest the need to lay off workers in order to save money and to ensure the survival of the company. The External Environment There were two major global economic incidents that rocked Tatweer to its core and played a major role in the decision to lay off workers. The first one was the global financial crisis that destroyed one-hundred-year-old companies in 2008. The case regarding the filing of bankruptcies of reputed firms like Lehman Brothers was just one of the offshoots of the said economic phenomenon. Due to the financial crisis, bankers were forced to go into a conservative mode. They were well aware of the fact that the economic slowdown that resulted from the said debacle made it extremely difficult for corporations to make money. Thus, bankers made it more difficult for investors and business leaders to borrow money from established financial systems. As a consequence, a chain reaction of problems became inevitable, and these forced firms to close down. This action also caused a great deal of panic among investors. The second major economic factor that negatively affected the financial standing of Tatweer was the phenomenon that described the free-falling prices of crude oil. It does not require a brilliant economist to understand that the UAE was dependent on the income that comes via the drilling and exportation of crude oil to the United States, Europe and China. The economic slowdown caused by the financial crisis created ripple effects so that there was low demand for crude oil. This problem was exacerbated by the discovery of overproduction. The separate issue of the overproduction of crude oil prompted the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries to consider the reduction of the production of the said valuable product. However, they learned a bitter lesson from the past, that if the OPEC decided to cut the flow of oil, its loyal customers simply shifted their orders. They, in turn, received supplies from countries like Venezuela, Panama, Russia, and Canada. Thus, the OPEC made a firm decision to continue the production of oil. As a result, the free fall of prices continued unabated. The lowered income capability of the UAE and the Dubai government made it more difficult to jumpstart projects within the country. It was not difficult to see the ramifications of cheap crude oil. When the income of the UAE was slashed in half, there was no longer enough disposable income that was redirected to real estate projects. In addition, investors were wary of projects with questionable capabilities to recoup invested funds. Problems and Decision-Making Needs The Board of Directors decided to meet with the aforementioned three case characters in order to understand the current financial situation of the company. The first to speak out was Zain, the head of Tatweer’s Planning and Analysis department. Zain: The global financial crisis of 2008 and the struggles of OPEC had negatively affected the financial standing and future profitability of Tatweer. The financial crisis made it harder for our clients to borrow money from international financial institutions; therefore they were afraid to finance new ventures. They were also afraid that the financial crisis and the glut in oil production lead to deeper and more dangerous economic recessions. In order to ensure the survival of the company, it is best to consider the reduction of overhead costs across the board. More importantly, the firm must seriously consider the option that calls for a massive layoff of workers and sales agents. Mountain: It is good to respect the opinion of the esteemed colleague that worked for Tatweer’s corporate planning and analysis department. However, it was not the right time to panic and make unfounded pronouncements on account of the company financial difficulties. In fact, it was the time or people to show great resolve. They must demonstrate that they have the fortitude to handle adversity. It is important to point out that people armed with a commitment to fight to the end will be rewarded. History testified to the truthfulness of this statement. It must give encouragement to everyone to take a stand. Not sure if you can write a paper on Tatweer Company’s Role in the UAE Economic Development by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More There were two reasons for voicing out the opinion regarding this subject matter. First of all, the company spent a great deal of money training the support staff and sales agents. Tatweer designed software that made it easier for potential customers to view the project. All of these positive attributes were thrown out when the company decided to let these workers go. In addition, the company was supposed to spend millions of dollars in expenses to re-train the new workers to replenish the number of workers booted out during the crisis years. The second major reason for raising the objection was due to the acknowledgement of the fact that it was extremely difficult to hire top-calibre talent. The UAE had to hire ex-pats in order to fill in critical positions within a particular business environment. The Board of Directors Mulls the Issue The Board of Directors considered the words that Muntafiq promulgated in their presence. They realized that Muntafiq had a clear understanding of the negative consequences of giving the go signal to cut-off jobs and position in order to save funds. They turned their attention to the HR department and they were eager to hear inputs. Usman: There were other ways to find out if the company was no longer operating within efficient levels. Managers studied the performance of each worker. In the past several months there were many instances of absenteeism and other signs that supported the allegation of laziness and the lack of desire to work. It is possible that there were no projects to work on and the eager and energetic workers in each department were frustrated and angry that they had no work to do. It was to hold them if they had the opportunity to find work in other companies. Mountain: He made it clear that an irrevocable letter of resignation was prepared in advance. Problems and Decision-making The Board of Directors was accountable to the shareholders. Their primary role was to protect the interest of the company and its shareholders. They need to find the correct balance between investing and shielding the company from irreversible damage. All indicators told them that it was a good idea to lay off workers. By doing so they had the capability to save a great deal of money and this ensured the survival of Tatweer for decades to come. On the other hand, they were torn between a rock and a hard place, because they needed the expertise and charisma of Muntafiq to draw in investors. It is through the personal and professional connections of Muntafiq that brought in a lot of great players willing to carry the burden and risk of constructing a new UAE or a new Dubai. For example, Muntafiq was responsible for persuading Tiger Woods and Floyd Mayweather to plunk in a great share of their personal wealth to finance major projects within the country. However, the failure to act decisively caused great problems for the company in the long run. Ending the Case Analysts must study carefully the important information and insights with regards to the problems faced by Tatweer’s Board of Directors. Was it prudent to risk the ire of Muntafiq? The CEO was comfortable in running the show with his current team. He did not want to change the roster in the same way that a winning coach adamantly held to the lineup that he had chosen. He did not want to mess with the composition of the workers in every department. It was also true that it was difficult to hire them back or to train new recruits to become as skilled as the former employees. It takes time and great deal of money in order to recreate the same winning team. Do you think it was the best idea to retain the services of Muntafiq? You have to consider the kind of contribution he brought to the table. It was relatively easy to hire and train consultants like Usman and Zain, because their skills set and personality were not difficult to find in the job market. However, there was only one Muntafiq. In other words, Muntafiq brought in a great deal of non-quantifiable attributes. On the other hand, the decision not to fire workers may not be the best option considering the fact that the company was bleeding funds while there was no money coming in from investors and new projects. Do you think the Board of Directors and Muntafiq was able reach a certain level of compromise? Do you think there was a way to go around the problem in order to keep everyone happy? If these solutions fail what do you recommend? You have to consider the long-term impact of your decisions. If the company filed for bankruptcy, the investors will pull out their money. As a result, expect a great deal of unfinished projects. These unfinished projects were expected to cause a major international embarrassment for the Emirate people. It was important to continue the successful projects of the firm. It was important to find a viable solution to this dilemma. Was it possible to find a replacement for Muntafiq? Was there other ways to make him stay? What kind of incentive package was made available to appease Muntafiq that compelled him to go along with the plan to initiate the massive layoff of the workers? Was there a way to predict the end of the current economic recession as manifested by the glut in the production of oil? These were important questions and the answers paved the way for the creation of the best strategy in dealing with the dilemma of Muntafiq’s desire to leave the company and the need to reduce the number of workers.

SEU Design and Development of an Holographic Organization Questions

SEU Design and Development of an Holographic Organization Questions.

e Read the research article thoroughly alongside With attachments and answer the questions for the assignment. Part 1:Q.1 What is a holographic organization? Describe its characteristics. (Words 150-200)Q.2 How important is the ‘collective organizational learning’ in the development of a new organization design (i.e. the holographic design)? (Words 150-200) Q.3 Compare a holographic design to a matrix-based structure. What similar advantages could you identify for organizations implementing these structures? ( (Words 200-300)Part 2:Q.4 Please refer to table 12.5 in Chapter 12 of your textbook. Then, provide an example of an organization that uses a customer-centric structure. Please justify your answer. (Words 200-300)
SEU Design and Development of an Holographic Organization Questions

ACCT 403 SEU Organizational Accounting Diversity Learning Articles Discussion

ACCT 403 SEU Organizational Accounting Diversity Learning Articles Discussion.

Q1 1a. Visit Saudi Digital Library using your student ID/ You can also search from Google and Choose at least 5 research articles on accounting in which you are interested and would like to investigate. You might have observed that every article starts with an Abstract, explain in your words what is an abstract and how does it help other researchers. 1b. Write the title and author of each article and summarize the finding of each author in all the 5 articles and write a critical comment on them. 1c. Develop one Question/ Topic of your own based on all the comment you made from the summary above. Q2. Research proposals includes: 1. Title, 2. Abstract, 3. Issues, 4. Objectives, 5. Literature, 6. Method, 7. Benefits. Write down a research proposal on the question developed in Q1. Q3. Data collection depends upon the choice of research method adopted like: 1. The research question, 2. Data access and 3. What the researcher wants to do. Develop at least 10 questions on the objectives you created in your proposal to collect data/ Survey. (1Mark) Q4. The trade-off between reliability and construct validity has been referred to between internal/external validity. Explain them.
ACCT 403 SEU Organizational Accounting Diversity Learning Articles Discussion