“Riding the Rails” by Lexy Lovell Film Analysis Essay. Riding the Rails dwells upon the times of the Great Depression when thousands of young people were living on a road. The video tells the story of several people who had such experience. These people share their memories revealing hopes, fears and hardships of young people who were riding the rails in search of better lives in the 1930s. During the 1930s 250 thousand teenagers (males as well as females) were riding the rails. Teenagers had different reasons to leave their homes. The majority of young people were trying to help their parents to provide for family. They were trying to find the way to earn money and send it home. Some were distressed and simply wanted to get out of their homes not to see their parents’ despair. Sometimes there was no serious reason. For example, a girl left her home because of a quarrel with her father (Riding the Rails). Some teenagers had to leave because their parents told them to do so. Besides, many young people just wished to try a new life full of adventure. Teenagers thought they could become glorious cowboys in the west, others were dreaming of various opportunities they could find in big cities in the east. They thought they could see a lot of interesting things or even travel abroad. However, the ‘adventure’ was not that pleasant and exciting as many thought. In the first place, it was extremely dangerous as teenagers risked falling down all the time. There was also a risk of suffocating by smoke in tunnels. More so, armed rail road detectives were trying to put them off. There were many dangers in cities as people were really desperate then. Those were times when a man could be killed for a pair of shoes. Nonetheless, teenager continued their journey since when they came to one more city and saw there was nothing good for them, they could not stay there. They had to get out of there and continue their search of better lives. It goes without saying that it was the Great Depression which was the primary reason for riding the rails. People tried to solve their financial problems in different ways. Riding the rails was a kind of a chance to change the life for better: teenagers were trying to find new opportunities in new places. Unfortunately, many teenagers failed to find better conditions, they were often starving. Fortunately, they could get some food in missions of salvation armies. Young people could also have some sleep there and have some rest. Apart from this, they could get some food from farmers and housewives. Obviously, the years of the Great Depression were really hard (Chernin). People worked many hours a day, but received low wages. More so, they could lose their jobs and it was nearly impossible to find a new job. Landlords and shopkeepers could raise prices with no reason. People were absolutely insecure. Such people as Rose Chernin were trying to change things. Chernin was trying to organize people and this enabled them to change things. Chernin stated: “We got into control of our lives. We were no longer victims.” (Chernin 1). These people organized meetings, they tried to resist. They wanted the Congress to listen to them. They wanted jobs or financial support. They used different ways to struggle. They monitored prices and let everyone know that some prices were too high in particular places. They tried to resist landlords. Not each of their attempts was successful. However, on the whole, they managed to make the Congress consider the needs of Americans. Those people started the process which resulted in 8-hour working days. People became more secured. Therefore, people like Chernin put a start to reorganizing essential things in the society. People acknowledged that they could change their lives for better if they were organized. Works Cited Chernin, Rose. Organizing the Unemployed in the Bronx in the 1930s. 1949. Riding the Rails. Uys, Michael and Lexy Lovell. American Experience. Web. “Riding the Rails” by Lexy Lovell Film Analysis Essay
Question: In the context of the current race to meet the MDG goal of eradicating extreme poverty by 2015, what advantages and disadvantages does the global community face in advancing trade-centred approaches to poverty reduction, as opposed to an agenda focused on aid. In the 2009 Millennium Development Goals Report released earlier this year, the Secretary-General noted that important progress has been made in the attempt to eradicate poverty, but yet there are still many successes on which to build. Furthermore, movement toward that goal was too slowly”. (website address) `The world’s least developed countries hold 12 percent of the world’s population but account for less than one percent of global trade so expanding trade with and among developing countries is a critical driver of economic growth and poverty reduction because it encourages entrepreneurship, human resource development, technology transfer (including access to the internet) makes global partnerships easier, technological innovation and good governance all these which are necessary. “A new global and regional trade environment presents the Caribbean countries with critical challenges, but also many opportunities to reposition itself as a growing and competitive region, translating into significant economic and social gains,” Trade must always be reciprocal However, global integration is being conducted in a context of macroeconomic and financial imbalances. The region experienced large current account and fiscal deficits, as well as high levels of indebtedness, which in the past, slowed trade reforms and are currently a major concern in the evolving trade environment. These macroeconomic and financial imbalances are exacerbated by the current economic crisis. A trade-centred approach to eradicating poverty thus takes into consideration using import and export strategies that include making sure those goods and services are in alignment with worldwide. Trade-centred takes into consideration the skills and the services of the entrepreneur, wholesaler, distributor and manufacturer. The Webster’s dictionary defines as entrepreneur as : “One who undertakes to start and run an enterprise or business, usually assuming full control and risk” So that one has to recognize that there is an opportunity to find solutions for needs, wants, problems and challenges). Entrepreneurs must be empowered to believe that they can make the difference in advancement of their economy and that they are a part of the development process to form sustainable partnerships for the future. If trade links cannot be developed internationally then certainly attempts have to be made intra-regionally. It is hoped that the greatest resource, the people, would become more independent in owning a business would make the individual more independent and the profits would not have to go back towards paying back not the loams but the exorbitant interest on the loans. Individuals feel empowered when they have sustainable employment. But this employment should not be done in a haphazard manner but should be done with such amenities as a business plan. Financial Management, Human Resource Management and Risk Management would have a lot to play even as market research is done. Regional Institutions can be strengthened as a mechanism of trade by the coordination of regional objectives and activities with national bodies. National institutions are often those who are in charge of the trade we must try to reduce the trade costs. The Business and regulatory environment, the national Insurance and the Business levy situation must be willing to look at the changes in customer needs so that the reevaluation of the product life cycle must be regarded. The environment must continuously be one that there is going to be some investment. While many Caribbean countries (most notably Trinidad and Tobago, Dominican Republic, and Jamaica) have undertaken policy measures to improve their trade policy, important weaknesses remain in five major areas is the proper establishment of customs procedures and administration. Additionally, the legal framework for businesses including taxation and monitoring must be properly in place because there is going to be active competition with other members of the society. Groups must be authorized by the government and regular training and workshops must be done to be able to reach to government standard (The Trinidad and Tobago Bureau of Standards) that again must be regulated so that there would not be any shady or illegal activity going on. The training of youth is a factor which is critical if Micro Enterprise development is to be an issue. Micro Enterprises include very small businesses that employ about 1 to five persons. The establishment of Micro Enterprises is one strategy that is use by the MDGs in the eradication of poverty. The sizes of micro enterprise businesses may be small but altogether they make up the fastest growing of the private sector that should be a vital contributor of the social and economic creating new jobs every day climate thus creating a large part of the GDP. They are engines of the creative capacity of our economy by creating internal trade which would ultimately lead to regional and global trade. A person becomes more creative in order to be a step ahead of the competition and this uniqueness sets the entrepreneur apart while he seeks to align his products to quality standards. Competition, though, must be comprehensive and everyone must be willing to participate in competition policy. We would seek to capitalize on each individual’s strength and not their weakness although we know that the business environment is very competitive The government takes the opportunity, as the strength of the economy increases, to want to encourage investments from international bodies so that technology from other countries could be included and that persons may even want to get in. A country must decide which are there niche markets and using money management strategies could apply them to certain goods. Focus must be done on niche markets and knowing what other countries may have to offer when we do an analysis and know the competition. Create a workforce that is able to sustain that type of environment after thorough research has been done but we must be willing to work hard and not look for handouts. However, failures that may be as a result of overinvestment, poor credit arrangements and poor inventory management must be avoided at all costs. A vision and a mission must be established. The disadvantage of going into business would include taking along of risks, meaning that it is sometimes a lonely scene where invariably one has to work long hours. However, a company has to be careful as global competition that could be dangerous for the company. Next, one has to be wary of barriers to trade that could influence the profitability of entering a trade relationship with partners in a particular area. There are lots of risks that are involved in engaging in such an act that includes the loss of initial start-up capital. Funding Options: The whole idea of an aid focused agenda according to the Aid Guide comes with the idea of richer countries trying to do their ” moral duties)but instead they are really seeking their own strategic interest which can include the desire to have some say in a country’s political affairs. Thus in order for the Millenium Development Goals to be accomplished, they must be accompanied by the monitoring of donor’s intentions. A lot of people clamour for aid for aid for impoverished nations but it only seems that aid has allowed the poor to get poorer where there is a situation of corruption and theft of government funds that creates a spiraling effect of inflation and a lack of investment into the country and thus a slower growth of the economy. Moyo’s idea of aid could entrap a country as the famous Bob Marley song quoted that we need to emancipate ourselves from mental slavery Aid may come in many different forms inclusive of money that is usually a loan, or receiving country must spend the “gift” on buying the donor county’s products. Loans, though, come with many restrictions that are attached to getting the loan though you can raise capital even within a particular country without having to seek additional funding from outside sources. Next, more than half of foreign aid is usually military, is often utilized to fight the donor’s enemies and terrorists or is given because there is that desire to buy that country’s vote in UN, likewise other future actions. Still, countries tend rather to go this way for many different reasons including the reason that it is an easy source of financing that is readily available to the public. Additionally, though most African nations claim that aid is needed for countries to get a head start in achieving so many other factors inclusive of the development of aid, there must be proper allocation of resources and monitoring should also occurs to make sure that funds are used the way that they have been designated to be used. Then we could use what is known as the traditional method of the Sou Sou. This started as a part of the African tradition could even continue in our traditional society today as this starts with persons. Aid should not only come in the form of money but it should also be in the form of making technology available and transferring technology to various groups so that the eventually the knowledge and the skills and the training could be transferred Aid, whether or not it is given for any developmental purpose costs the taxpayer and raises national debt. Furthermore, it reduces the receiving country’s ability to produce the items they get from us (that means if we send them food, then their farmers wont be able to sell their crops for higher prices) Financing for debt and equity capital is that which is seen as an investment that does not incur any interest and this could be money. Contributors must be able to get something out of the financing that they are putting out according to Management Consultant Sajjad Hamid Even using the Micro Enterprise Development Model, aid for individual business can take the form of venture capital may be another option that is available where management could have a say in how the company is run but this idea may not have a measure of enthusiasm for most who may be the recipient of such offerings. Microfinance Institutions that are not usually regulated by the government and that are viable options for businesses for small loans, savings, insurance and other financial products for low-income families. This is where credit unions come into play. The evidence linking public investment to private capital formation and growth have grown significantly in the past few years Young people, have to be motivated to engage in agricultural production in every country. There are approximately 6.1 billion people worldwide. The Agricultural Development Bank (ADB) covers the agriculture sector with low interest loans and financing for farm projects with little or no initial positive cash flow. Why don’t we encourage our populations to start planting rice and wheat since for our populations as required in the daily diet so that the global community could be fed and that each country would not have imbalances in trade? Products however do not need to be a product that is manufactured itself although once this is done there could be more profits but this could also be a product that needs to be distributed. Each country must be clear on what the funds are to be used for if they are to assess aid and there must be a personal evaluation of ones financial position. There must be that ability to negotiate the terms of a contract instead of just accepting that contract. If the whole idea and the entire concept of finding what must be traded needs to be discovered then the whole environment must be scanned for the product to that is to be sold to be discovered. Small changes could make big differences. Some disadvantages of using foreign aid are that it forces an individual to remain in a dependent state meaning that instead of an individual seeking creating alternative they search out excuses to obtain more money. The acceptance of foreign aid can have the effect of opening a can of worms as it allows the international lending agency such as the International Monetary Fund (IMF) to interfere in the political matters of a country. Furthermore, if for some strange reason, the loan cannot be repaid that the country may have to give up some of its resources as collateral for the loan. Many persons think that it is the humanitarian thing to do to offer aid but can this be more of a hindrance than anything else. Thus in evaluating whether or not a trade-centred approach is better it can be said that a country will always be better off if this is if they can develop their trading capabilities instead of using more developed countries as their lifeboat. I am not saying that they should not advocate for help if this is going to happen then the legal framework must be strengthened ultimately for sustainable trade to continuebut at the same time this should not be a situation that lasts for an extended period of time.”if aid for trade was urgent in 2007 but it is essential today. It is the investment that will allow many developing countries to prepare to exit the crisis by enhancing their trade capacity.” He spoke on Jul 6 at the opening of the second Aid for Trade Review under the heading of “Maintaining Momentum”. REFERENCES Dambisa Moyo. DEAD AID: WHY AID IS NOT WORKING AND HOW THERE IS ANOTHER WAY FOR AFRICA. London: Allen Lane, 2009. 188 pp. £14.99 WORLD: TRADE ALONE NOT A CURE FOR POVERTY, CLAIMS REPORT Isolda Agazzi. Global Information Network. New York: Jul 9, 2009. TRADE CAPACITY BUILDING- EXPANDING TRADE WITH, AMONG DEVELOPING COUNTRIES IS CRITICAL DRIVER OF ECONOMIC GROWTH AND POVERTY REDUCTION US Fed News Service, Including US State News. Washington, D.C.: Jul 8, 2009 CARIBBEAN/NEW WORLD BANK STUDY: TRADE INTEGRATION, KEY FOR GROWTH AND POVERTY REDUCTION US Fed News Service, Including US State News. Washington, D.C.: Apr 6, 2009. Financing SMEs: Look
Article Questions. I’m trying to learn for my Article Writing class and I’m stuck. Can you help?
Write the reference for this article in APA style.
Begolli, K. N., Booth, J. L., Holmes, C. A., & Newcombe, N. S. (2020). How many apples make a quarter? The challenge of discrete proportional formats. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 192, 104774. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jecp.2019.104774
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CD 129 Cuyumaca College Language and Literature Activities Discussion
CD 129 Cuyumaca College Language and Literature Activities Discussion.
InstructionsThis check-in can be taken as many times as you need to get the score you want. The questions are essay based and you are expected to answer the full question. This check-in covers chapters 7-10.Question 1Discuss the importance of creating language and literature activities that support the multiple intelligences?Question 2Explain the value of creating and using literature as the base for planning across the curriculum such as art, music, math, movement, language, social and moral development. Discuss the importance of planning a curriculum that is based heavy with literature activities that span across the curriculum?
CD 129 Cuyumaca College Language and Literature Activities Discussion
programming assignment help Relocation Assignment.
“Whereas the successful prosecution of war requires every possible protection against espionage and against sabotage to the national defense, the President of the United States orders the immediate evacuation of all persons of your racial/ethnic ancestry.” All persons are being ordered to report to a government “relocation” processing center within 48 hours. Your bank accounts and liquid assets have been frozen. You may bring only what you can carry in two standard size suitcases with you to the processing center. Remember, assume that your entire life is being disrupted as your life is today. Failure to show up will have dire consequences. Write an essay of 750-1000 words to respond to the following questions: In part one, what preparations will you undertake within the next 48 hours? What kinds of decisions and considerations must you make? Delineate the issues confronting you. Who will go with you? Who won’t? And why? Family? Friends? What kind of arrangements will you make about your home and/or the belongings you must leave behind? What arrangements are you going to make about school and/or work? Pets? What will you tell your neighbors, friends? What kinds of documentation will you bring with you and what will you leave behind? Whom will you say good-bye to? In the second part of your essay, reflect on the issues you had to deliberate along racial/ethnic lines. What racial/ethnic group do you belong to? What kinds of questions arose in relation to your racial/ethnic identity? On what basis are you proving your racial/ethnic identity? What seems to matter? How do you describe the feelings that you experienced as a result of being targeted on the basis of your race/ethnicity? How does this affect how you feel about your own government and the protection of your individual rights? It might be helpful to watch “Japanese American Internment” on youtube*I am an African American Muslim, however, you can choose your own race if it would make it easier for you to complete the essay* Thanks!!
Current event article
Current event article.
*Please note that this assignment is very short, however must be done three times over with three different articles. This also means three different lists of words from those articles. Thanks*Please see the document attached for instructions on how to complete this assignment. For the verbal part of this assignment, please write out a list of the words and I will speak the verbal part myself. For the first part of this assignment, please select an article or news report on a ‘current affair’ medical topic, and then follow the instructions in the attachment below. Thanks.
Current event article
New Product Development Process
According to the linear view, new product development (NPD) process begins with ideas, proceed with idea screening, concept development and testing, marketing strategy development, business analysis, product development and test marketing, ends when the product actually commercialization and creates wealth (Kotler and Armstrong, 2011). To bridge the theory into practice, we worked as a team to develop a new, branded product, and formulate the marketing strategy to find and meet the niche market requirement in the UK. As an important consumer sector of FMCGs, personal care products constitute a large part of the British market, but meanwhile the competition in this field is fierce, firms have to keep supplying new products to meet the rapidly changing needs of their customers (Trott, 2008). This report described both the NPD process theory and our practice of the theory from idea generation through to launch and roll out, and then analyzed the benefits and disadvantage of the process. 2 New Product Development Process Idea Generation and Screening The purpose of the idea generation process and idea screening process are systematic search new ideas and then reduce the number of ideas to spot the good ones (Kotler and Armstrong, 2011). Ideas may come from many different sources, it contains internal sources such as traditional research and development department and employees, and external sources such as distributors and suppliers, competitors, and customers themselves (Ritter and Gemunden, 2003). After a large number of ideas were created via different sources, managers need to evaluate these ideas and look closely at the prospects in the marketplace. Although the difference of decision criteria may affect the screening of new ideas greatly (Carbomell et al., 2004; Hart et al., 2003), scholars propose a unified R-W-W framework to effectively identify potential problems and control risks. The R-W-W framework asks three fundamental questions about new ideas: ‘Is the market and product real?’, ‘Can the product and our company win?’, and ‘Is the product worth doing?’ (Day, 2007), and the company should be able to answer all of them before further development the idea. Based on the idea generation and screening theory, at first our team analysis the feasibility of our new ideas and decide to choose the idea of ‘Freshies’ deodorant wipe within existing company Unilever. Firstly, regular users of deodorant are a huge potential consumer group all over the world, and the deodorant market in the UK has a good momentum of growth. Secondly, existing deodorant wipes brands do not have a good balance between the price and quality of their production, and the main competitors of Unilever do not give more attention to this field, which means the competition of deodorant products are less than mainstream personal care products. Finally, Unilever is an established and reliable brand in personal care market and has great experience about relative products, thus Unilever would not face the challenge of convincing consumers that they are better than a traditional deodorant, which means the cost and risk of entering the market is lower. Concept Development and Testing After screening ideas, marketers need to embody the detail of ideas to state in meaningful consumer terms, develop the idea into alternative product concepts and determine the most attractive concept to customers (Kotler and Armstrong, 2011). The selected concept also needs to be tested with some target consumers before further development. This may include some preliminary market research to find the market need, niche, and attractiveness (Page, 1993). Through the preliminary market research, it would also reveal the most promising features of the new products and assess the purchase intent of customers (Trott, 2005). Because the brand identifies of Unilever was developed around the concept of ‘adding vitality to life’, we have created a concept shortlist for building a brand which is ‘cost effective’, ‘relevant for all markets’, ‘convenient’ or ‘healthy’. At first we share the concept with our paired group to get primary advices of our product, by this we determined that our concept is to build a new, biodegradable, portable deodorant wipe. Then we conducted a survey of some in-store deodorant brands and evaluate their sale status. Finally, we did a market research for deodorant sales at online platform such as Amazon and eBay. The result of our investigation shows that although deodorant belonging to an industry that is highly saturated, wipes can open up a whole new market that has not been penetrated to its full potential. Therefore, our product may have strong consumer appeal if implemented properly. Marketing Strategy Development Consumer purchase behaviors are influenced strongly by cultural, social, personal, and psychological characteristics (Kotler and Armstrong, 2011). Thus marketers need to research the internal and external marketing environments before designing the initial marketing strategy for a new product. Moreover, marketers need to recognize that they cannot attract all buyers in the marketplace, thus they must divide the market into smaller segments and offer different strategies to the separate market. After that, marketers need to evaluate and select some suitable segments to build their market targeting. The final two pivotal stages concern about how to offer superior values for the target customers and make a differentiation with competitors. According to the level of customer demand, there are four levels of new product: the core product, the expected product, the augmented product and the potential product (Levitt, 1986). Based on the different demand level, an appropriate product positioning strategy can make the difference between success and failure (Trott, 2005). Product positioning requires marketers to arrange a clear, distinctive and desirable positioning in the minds of target consumers (Kotler and Armstrong, 2011). Specifically, Wind (1982) offers six bases that related to how target customers make choices in position product fields: product feature, benefits, use occasion, user category, against another product or by dissociation from all the other products. To determine the best concept for our ‘Freshies’ deodorant wipes, we at first use PESTLE analysis, Porter’s Five Forces analysis and SWOT analysis to evaluate the marketing environment. The result shows that ‘Freshies’ can be mass produced as an innovative product. It has high potential for the industry and suits for the image of building a conscious society in the UK. Based on the behavioral and demographic factors, we defined that our market segmentation as 18-34 age group and users of mass deodorant. Our target market is on-the-go young adults who live busy lifestyles. Our differentiation is portable than other roll-on deodorant, thus customers can use it when they do not want to take their handbag, such as participate in sports or go to a party after work. Our market position is to offer freshness anytime and anywhere. Initial Business Analysis: Year 1 Projections According to the theory of Kotler and Armstrong, business analysis involves the sales, costs and profit projections for a new product. It can help marketers estimate the expected costs and profits within each stage and analyse whether the new product has financial attractiveness and satisfy the objective of the company. Marketers need to make a marketing strategy statement outlines the planned price, distribution, and marketing budget for the first year (2011). Based on the theory of Kotler and Armstrong, we designed a one year projection for our ‘Freshies’ deodorant. According to the data of Office for National Statistics (2012), the population of 18-34 age people in UK was approximately 14 million. We set the product price as £2.00 for 10-pack, and assume that the forecast market penetration rate would be 5%. Afterwards the purchase frequency would be 12 times per annum. Therefore, the net sales would reach to £16.8 million in year 1, and the brand profitability would be about £ 0.87 million in year 1. For more details, see our sales forecast from in the appendix. Product Development When the new product finishes the business test, it moves into product development. Booz, Allen and Hamilton (1982) identify the commonly accepted categories of NPDs: new-to-the-world products; new product lines; additions to existing lines; improvements and revisions to existing products and repositioning products. The purpose of product development is to develop the product concept into a physical product to insure that new concepts can be transformed into a workable market offering (Kotler and Armstrong, 2011). The product development process requires much greater integration of different departments (Trott, 2005). For instance, the R