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Researching SWOT and QFD for Logistics

Researching SWOT and QFD for Logistics. I’m stuck on a Writing question and need an explanation.

Write a white paper, in which you describe how the integration of SWOT and QFD can help a company understand how to properly place and align itself. Specific sections to your white paper should include:

Define the audience and their concerns
State the problem
Provide a recommended solution to the problem
Summarize the potential benefits and return on investment from your recommendation


Read the 5 Whys concepts from the following resources:
Use DMAIC to make improvement part of ‘The way we work’ – Snee, Ronald D. Quality Progress, Sep2007, Vol. 40 Issue 9, p52-54 (Libguide, Journal Articles Tab)
Organizational ethics, individual ethics, and ethical intentions in international decision-making. – Elango, B., Paul, K., Kundu, S., & Paudel, S. Journal of Business Ethics, Dec2010, Vol. 97 Issue 4, p543-561 DOI:10.1007/s10551-010-0524-z. (Libguide, Journal Articles Tab)

Researching SWOT and QFD for Logistics

Accounting Information Systems – Example Questions

Accounting Information Systems – Example Questions. ACCOUNTING INFORMATION SYSTEM II INTRODUCTION Accounting is the basic way of organizing and reporting financial information which is all about inflow and outflow of money. Accounting system is also used to identify, analyse, measure, record, summarize and communicate relevant information to the internal and external users. Data is the facts that collected, recorded, stored and processed in information system. While information is the data which is already organized and proceed to provide meaning and help in the process of decision making. Information is data that have been organized and processed to provide meaning to a user. Users typically need information to make decision or to improve the decision making process. As a general rule, users can make better decision as the quantity and quality of information increases. This information helps to understand what an AIS does. As regarding all the questions given it is basically exploring the information environment of an organization. From these we can look at the types of information used in business, the flow of information through an organization and the relations in the information systems components. Next , it also shows the impact for the organization structure on accounting information system where there is a interrelated function for the business organization. Questions: 1. A successful accounting information system must provide information for management decision making. In that management’s decisions evolve around an organization’s strategy, the accounting information system should be designed to support the organization’s strategy. Describe the two basic strategies suggested by Michael Porter and identify an organization that you believe follows each strategy. Be sure to describe why you believe that the organization follows the strategy you suggest Michael Porter, world-renowned professor of business at Harvard claimed that there are two basic business strategies that companies can follow. First of all, a product differentiation strategy entails adding features or services not provided by competitors to a product so that we could charge customers a premium price. Secondly, a low cost strategy entails striving to be the most efficient producer of a product or service. A company can succeed in both producing a better product than its competitors and doing at cost below its industry average. However, company must choose between the two basic strategies. If they concentrate on being the lowest-cost producer, they will have to forego some value-added features that might differentiate their product. If they focus on product differentiation, they most likely will not have the lowest costs in their industry. Thus, a business strategy involves making choices. Porter argues that the fundamental choice companies must make involves selecting a specific strategic position they wish to adopt. He described three basic strategic positions. Firstly, a variety-based strategic position involves producing or providing a subset of the industry’s products or services. For example, Jiffy Lube International focuses on oil changes and lubrication services rather than a wide range of automotive repair services. Secondly, a needs-based strategic position involves trying to serve most or all of the needs of a particular group in a target market. For example, AARP focuses on retirees. The third strategic position is an access-based strategic position involves serving a subset of customers who differ from other customers in terms of factors such as geographic location or size, which creates different requirements for serving those customers. For example, the stock brokerage offices of Edward Jones are located primarily in smaller towns and cities not served by the larger brokerage houses. Michael Porter also explains that these three basic strategic positions are not mutually exclusive and, indeed, often overlap. For example, Southwest Airlines employs a variety-based strategic position because it only offers a subset of the products provided by the airline industry. Southwest also employs a needs-based strategic position in that it has identified a specific target market for which it designs its services. Finally, Southwest employs an access-based strategic position because it does not service all markets. 2. Within the value chain of an organization there are five primary activities and four support activities. Describe how an accounting information system fits into the value chain of an organization. Where does it add value? The goal of any business is to offer value to its customers. The profitable of the business is depended on the creation of the value which is greater than the cost of the product or services. Value chain is the analysis which defines the accomplishments of the organization achieves and joined them to the organizations of the competitive position. The value chain concept can be drawn by distinguishing that organizations must interact with suppliers, distributors, and customers. Accounting information system can add value with providing precise and appropriate information. These will makes that five primary value chain activities can be performed more effectively and efficiently. Five primary value chains stated are inbound logistics, operations, outbound logistics, marketing and sale, and service. Each of these primary activities is linked by another to support actions which help to increase the effectiveness of efficiency. Inbound logistic is like receiving, keeping or storing, and allocating the materials that are inputs to the organization’s product or service. While, operations was of those inputs that can be transform into products or services. Then it will distribute those products or services to customers which is known as outbound logistic. Marketing and sales give function for helping the customer to buy the products or services of the organization. The last one which is service was the post-sale support which is provided to customers, like repair and maintenance function. Support activities are also within the value chain of the organization. These support activities can be classes into four categories. First, firm infrastructures which are like accountants, administration and lawyers which participating in the company’s accounting information system. Second was a human resource which includes of hiring a new employee, training employee and paying employees, and also handling employee benefits. Next is technology of the organizations. This technology can be related to the activity of the organization to improve their products or services. The last one is the purchasing. Organization will purchase some resources which are needed to carry out the entity of the primary activities. Accounting information system can also add value by improving the quality and reducing the cost of products or services. Next, it can improve the efficiency like just in time. Just in time is an inventory management method which is resources, goods and labour are planned to fill exactly when needed in the process of productions. It can also add value by improving the decision making. The decision maker observes about the information output made by the transaction processing system, the management reporting, and the whether the budgeting systems meets their needs in the organization and the control of tasks. Sharing of knowledge also can be add value to the organization. Accounting information system used to share knowledge within the organization is like using of a business database to assists the staff to identify the appropriate experts who can help with a particular client. 3.Why data and information are among an organization’s most valuable assets? Data are about the facts which are not processed, edited, summarized, or redefined and which do not have direct effect on the users. It is important to have the data because it is used to represent the observation or measurement of the business activities. Different kind of data that can be collected in the business can be about the facts on activities that take place, the resources affected by the activities and the people who participate in the activity. For instance, data that is collected during a sales event which states on the date and amount of sales of goods and services based on the quantity and the price per unit. Where else, information is basically about the data that have been organized systematically to provide meaningful information for the relevant users. With the information that is given we can easily make decision for an organization and information is also known as mandatory and essential. For example, a sales agent will receive the daily report on the sold item that are being out in daily transaction. Both data and information are an important asset for all the organization. Firstly, with this data and information, an organization are able to protect themselves from being in financial losses. If there are any circumstances on the losses than they will know it by checking the data and information and they can secure their company from bankruptcy. Next, these data and information can help to improve the efficiency of an organization. This can be done because with the relevant data and information an organization are able to well designed their information by providing timely information as needed on time. For instance, a manufacturing company are able to provide up to date information on their raw materials and inventories with the location as because it is well managed and being organized. Followed by, the ability to make a decision, where as an organization they are able to make relevant decision with the data and information available because with this data and information organization are able to make a decision to solve their problem. For example, with the data and information from the organization on the results of previous decision provides value feedback that can be improved to make future decision, where if a particular marketing strategy is tried in organization and with the data and information gathered indicates that it will be a success full business in an organization. Lastly, data and information are an important asset because there can be a misappropriation of data and information if they are not protected. Every organization will use they own method to protect their data and information from being stolen by internally and externally as well. As an information the security, control and privacy of data and information are being an important issue worldwide. Therefore, with proper internal and external control they can be aware of fraud, error, software failure and natural and political disasters. 4. THE AIS PLAYS AN IMPORTANT ROLE IN MAINTAINING A STRATEGIC POSITION, HOW??? There are two basic strategies which are To be a lower cost producer than competitor and To differentiate product and services from competitors. The three basic strategic position included of variety – based strategic position, need – based strategic position and access – based strategic position. Variety based strategic position is more to provide a subsets of the industry’s products and services. Need based strategic position will offer most or all of the needs of a particular group of customers in a target market. Access – based strategic position will provide a subset of customer who differ from others in terms of factor such as geographic location or size. Accounting information system plays its role in maintaining strategic position by collecting data about each activity and by transferring data into information which can be used by managements to coordinate those activities. A well designed Accounting Information system can maintain a strategic position of an organization by Improving the quality and reducing the cost of product or services. Normally, sales of a firm will increase if they provide goods or services in less price with high quality. This will be the main issue that arise among the competitors. For example, an accounting information system can monitor all the machines activities. It can immediately detect the problem occurred if there is any. This will help to maintain the goods quality and reduces the number of waste products. Besides that, It is also improving efficiency. It can be explained by just – in – time concept. This approach is mainly based on time information. This approach requires constant, accurate, and up to date information about the raw materials and their location in order to make sure the availability of raw materials to produce goods. It is also help by sharing knowledge. The main difficulties faced by many firm is the employee will never receive the accurate information based by the upper level management. Sharing knowledge can improve company operation and provide a competitive advantage. It is also plays an important role in improving efficiency and effectiveness of supply chain. It is can be explained by allowing customers to directly access in inventory and sales order entry system. This approach will lead to reduce in sales and marketing cost. It will also increase customer retention rates. Other than all this, it is also improving the internal control structure. An accounting information system with the good internal internal control structure can help the system to protect by fraud, errors, system failure and disasters. Lastly, it is also improving a good decision making. Decision making is a complex activity. Improved decision making is very important. 5. How to provide more information to get better decision maker? Decision making is a complex, multistep activity, identify the problem, collect and interpret information, evaluate ways to solve problem, select a solution methodology and implement the solution. AIS can help decision making in its all phases. Reports could help in identifying problems. Differentiation in decision models and analytical tools can be given to users. Information can help to get better decision if it identifies situations requiring management action. Besides that, large information could help make better decision when it presents a basis for choosing among alternative actions by decreasing uncertainty. For example, information is used to establish prices and verify credit policies. Information about the result of past decision postulates a valuable respond that can be used to improve future decision. For example, if a particular marketing strategy is tried and the information gathered indicates that it did not succeed, a different marketing strategy is selected. AIS can improve decision making by stipulating perfect information to a timely manner. For example, Wal-Mart has invented a huge database that contains all information about daily sales transactions at each of its stores. The information helps to enhance the amount of every product collected at each store. CONCLUSION An effective accounting information system provides the management information for decision making. Management’s decisions can develop an organization’s strategy of the accounting information system which designed to support the organization’s strategy. There are two basic strategies that are suggested by Michael Porter, that are product differentiation strategy which is adding features to charge customer at premium price and also low cost strategy which help to determine the efficient producer of the resources. Michael Porter decide that there are three basic strategic position that are variety-based strategic, needs-based strategic and access-based strategic, that are not mutually limited and often overlap. For addition, accounting information system can add value to the organization. These can help to provide organization accurate and precise information. It also can add value to improve the quality and reducing the cost, improve the efficiency, improving the decision making and also can share knowledge towards the organizations. All organization has data and information to continue as long as to be operated. These data and information is most valuable asset of an organization. In the case of manufacturing company, data and information will make organization well managed and being organized. It also can improve the efficiency of an organization and these data will able to secure themselves from being in financial losses. An accounting information system with the good internal control structure can help the system to protect by fraud, errors, system failure and disasters. Lastly, it is also improving a good decision making. Decision making is a complex activity. Improved decision making is very important. Accounting Information Systems – Example Questions

William Shakespeare Famous Quotes English Literature Essay

best assignment help “To be or not to be” is one of William Shakespeare’s most famous quotes. This well known quote is from his famous play titled, Hamlet. Shakespeare is one of the most easily identified poets of all time because of his unique writing style. Shakespeare’s writing style was different because he used a writing style called Iambic pentameter which uses groups of syllables in each line that all go together to form a pattern or rhythm. Shakespeare invented almost 1,700 common English words and phrases that we use today. William Shakespeare was born on April 26, 1564 in the Shakespeare family home on Henley Street, Stratford-upon-Avon, England. John and Mary Shakespeare were William Shakespeare’s mother and father. He was the third child of eight children, but the first two were daughters that died before he could remember. John Shakespeare sold farm products and wool for a living. Both Mary and John Shakespeare had a high position in the community and each had roles in their community. As a child, William Shakespeare was sent to the highest level of elementary education at a school which was called Petty School. These schools were not like today’s schools. Instead, they were usually held in someone’s house and were taught by a very well educated mother. The children were also taught good behavior and a Christian way of life which were important parts of children’s education. Shakespeare then went to grammar school, where he had to attend school from 6 in the morning to 5 at night. In grammar school he was taught by a private usher who was kind of like a private teacher. The grammar school used the horn-book and the alphabet as a tool and for the basis of Elizabethan education. Shakespeare’s life was pretty strict he had to be polite and do a lot of chores around the house. Shakespeare’s school consisted of five full days and one half day each week. He spent between 40 and 44 weeks of the year at school. That means he spent about 2,000 hours in school each year, which is double the amount of time we spend in school. Shakespeare started writing poems when he was in school. He did not intend for his poems to be published or even read. However, his poems were published and have become some of the most famous poems in the English language. In his day, there was not much to do for entertainment other than books to read, and he didn’t care for puppet shows. Shakespeare moved to London where he hoped to become an actor. He then started writing plays. Most people probably think that William Shakespeare wrote his own plays, but he did have help from others. One man that helped him write plays was born to a well-to-do family but as a young man he needed employment to support himself. He did not do so well at first; however he soon created a partnership with Francis Beaumont and soon writing plays became his whole career. Beaumont and Fletcher created a new form of drama called tragicomedy, which he described as not being a tragedy play. He described it as being a play that brought the characters so close to death that it could not be a comedy, but a mixture of both. John Fletcher was Shakespeare’s heir and his assistant Thomas Middleton. Middleton was born to a wealthy bricklayer and was educated at Oxford. In his early years he started to write poetry. He wrote a reproduction of Shakespeare called The Ghost of Lucrece. Middleton’s most successful plays were The Revenger’s Tragedy, A Chaste Maid in Cheapside, and A Game at Chess. As a young man Middleton spent a lot of his time working for the king’s men as William Shakespeare’s assistant. Shakespeare got some music and ideas from Middleton’s writings. William Shakespeare published his first poem, “Venus and Adonis,” in 1593. In 1594 he began to write his sonnets which were poems that had fourteen lines and had a pattern or rhythm. Shakespeare wrote approximately 154 sonnets in his life time. Between those two years he wrote The Rape of Lucrece, Titus Andronicus and The Taming of the Shrew. 1595 was a big year for Shakespeare; he composed Richard 2 and A Midsummer Night’s Dream. However the most memorable moment for Shakespeare that year was Romeo and Juliet, which was thought to have been composed for a wedding. Romeo and Juliet is the greatest love story of all time. Shakespeare worked for the London Theater for 15 to 20 years. He wrote 37 plays in his career, and all of his works are the most recognized in literature. Shakespeare wrote all kinds of plays including comedies, histories, tragedies, and poetry. Shakespeare performed all his plays for the king and queen then was usually performed by the king’s men. Shakespeare took his works and performed them all over the world, for example Hamlet and Richard III were performed aboard the British ship Dragon off the west coast of Africa at Sierra Leone. Some of Shakespeare’s comedies are A Midsummer Night’s Dream and Winter’s Tale. His histories and tragedies included; Richard III, Hamlet, Macbeth, and Romeo and Juliet. All of works that Shakespeare produced have affected the literary world so much that without him we would not have the English language we know today. He has given every student at some point advice on writing and he is a great influence on American literature. A lot of his popular sayings like “to be or not to be” are important because people know who Shakespeare was just from that one phrase. I like reading Shakespeare because I like saying his phrases and using them when I use the English to write and speak with. Shakespeare is different from other writers because he has special qualities that no other writer has. For example he has written plays for different perspectives that no one has ever looked at it before. The classic sonnet consists of two short sections of eight and six lines. The Shakespearean or English sonnets also has 14 lines in total, but is divided into three parts. The effect of his writing style was to create a different mood from that of a Petrarchan sonnet. He has affected more people than any other writer in history. Shakespeare took play writing very seriously, he took his writings to the stage and acted them out himself. William Shakespeare is a fantastic poem and play writer. His plays have stood the test of time. I think Shakespeare had a rough life but he pulled through it and did something he loved to. I admire his ambitions and want to be like him. I don’t want to be a writer however I would like to follow his way because he followed his dreams. Shakespeare’s novels are inspiring to others however they don’t strike me that much except for the way they were written. He writes in a way that you can think deep and reflect on how the words connect to you. I think Shakespeare should have written more plays because they are the most popular of anything he did which is my opinion of course. Shakespeare should have announced his writings when he was young. This is my view of Shakespeare.

Threats to confideliality,intergrity,and availabilty

Create a minimum 1-page table in Microsoft® Word or Word Compatible identifying a minimum of 6 threats, using the column headers and details below: Column Headers  Threat  Threat to Type of Data  Confidentiality/Integrity/Availability  Mitigation Suggestion  Details Within Your Table  Identify relevant threats. List 1 per column.  Determine the type of data threatened (data-at-rest, data-in-transit, or processing) in the column.  Determine if confidentiality, integrity, or availability was affected. Use the labels C, I, and/or A in the column.  Describe the mitigation plan in 2 to 3 sentences in the column.  Example Table  Include a short paragraph that highlights 2 access control techniques or policies that enforce security.  Cite at least 2 resources to support your assignment.  Format your assignment according to APA guidelines. Review Rubric to assure all requirements are met.

IIT Kharagpur Assessment Tools and Diagnostic Tests in Adults Children Question

IIT Kharagpur Assessment Tools and Diagnostic Tests in Adults Children Question.

Assessment Tools and Diagnostic Tests in Adults and ChildrAssignment 1: Case Study Assignment: Assessment Tools and Diagnostic Tests in Adults and ChildrenWhen seeking to identify a patient’s health condition, advanced practice nurses can use a diverse selection of diagnostic tests and assessment tools; however, different factors affect the validity and reliability of the results produced by these tests or tools. Nurses must be aware of these factors in order to select the most appropriate test or tool and to accurately interpret the results.Not only do these diagnostic tests affect adults, body measurements can provide a general picture of whether a child is receiving adequate nutrition or is at risk for health issues. These data, however, are just one aspect to be considered. Lifestyle, family history, and culture—among other factors—are also relevant. That said, gathering and communicating this information can be a delicate process.Photo Credit: Getty Images/Hero ImagesFor this Assignment, you will consider the validity and reliability of different assessment tools and diagnostic tests. You will explore issues such as sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values. You will also consider examples of children with various weight issues. You will explore how you could effectively gather information and encourage parents and caregivers to be proactive about their children’s health and weight.To PrepareReview this week’s Learning Resources and consider factors that impact the validity and reliability of various assessment tools and diagnostic tests. You also will review examples of pediatric patients and their families as it relates to BMI.By Day 1 of this week, you will be assigned to one of the following Assignment options by your Instructor: Adult Assessment Tools or Diagnostic Tests (option 1), or Child Health Case (Option 2). Note: Please see the “Course Announcements” section of the classroom for your assignments from your Instructor.Search the Walden Library and credible sources for resources explaining the tool or test you were assigned. What is its purpose, how is it conducted, and what information does it gather?Also, as you search the Walden library and credible sources, consider what the literature discusses regarding the validity, reliability, sensitivity, specificity, predictive values, ethical dilemmas, and controversies related to the test or tool.If you are assigned Assignment Option 2 (Child), consider what health issues and risks may be relevant to the child in the health example.Based on the risks you identified, consider what further information you would need to gain a full understanding of the child’s health. Think about how you could gather this information in a sensitive fashion.Consider how you could encourage parents or caregivers to be proactive toward the child’s health.The AssignmentAssignment (3–4 pages, not including title and reference pages):Assignment Option 1: Adult Assessment Tools or Diagnostic Tests:Include the following:A description of how the assessment tool or diagnostic test you were assigned is used in healthcare.What is its purpose?How is it conducted?What information does it gather?Based on your research, evaluate the test or the tool’s validity and reliability, and explain any issues with sensitivity, reliability, and predictive values. Include references in appropriate APA formatting.Body-mass index (BMI) using waist circumference for children: Adaso, Adelakun, Cole-Godfrey, Coleman, Dyson and Ekentaen
IIT Kharagpur Assessment Tools and Diagnostic Tests in Adults Children Question