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Research Topic Proposal – Instructions

Research Topic Proposal – Instructions. I’m studying for my English class and need an explanation.

Research Topic Proposal – Instructions
For your Literary Analysis Research Essay in this course, you are seeking to investigate a topic related to specific course texts, and analyze that topic to present a coherent argument about those very texts, leading to a unique idea or interpretation.
In order to get started with that, you need to develop your critical question. This will help you hone in on texts and ideas you want to address. It will also allow me to provide you with feedback on how to best proceed.
In your research paper topic submission, you will provide a research question, a working thesis, and a basic outline. You should also include why you want to write on the topic you’ve chosen. Your submission will be graded on the Research Topic Proposal Rubric (located in the Course Rubrics page).

You must provide the author’s name and title of the work that you will be analyzing in your research paper.
You may choose one of the following works as your topic:

The Iliad
The Ramayana of Valmiki
The Aeneid
The Song of Roland
Dante’s Inferno
Machiavelli’s The Prince

Quality of Thesis

Your thesis must be clear and arguable.
When you write your thesis in your paper, you should avoid using phrases like “I think” and “I believe”; however, in the drafting phase, these phrases may help you organize your ideas.
Thesis: All papers must have a clearly worded thesis that states exactly what your paper intends to prove
As you research, your ideas may change; therefore, you may modify your thesis as you work on the paper.


You should submit your (1) Research Question, (2) Working Thesis, and a (3) Basic Outline of your final paper.
Research Question: The development of the research question will help you find and angle or focus. However, as a rule of thumb, just think what you want to know about the topic, why it is important? What ideas or areas do you want to explore? Put that in the form of a question.

Example of Research Questions: You may think: What is Homer saying in The Iliad about the suffering and loss in war? What does The Iliad tell us about the role of women?

Thesis: All papers must have a clearly worded thesis that states exactly what your paper intends to prove. This thesis needs to be supported by textual evidence from the works you are writing about. So, here, state your question in the form of a statement that you can prove.

For Example: Homer’s portrayal of women in The Iliad reveals gender roles as women are depicted as being inferior to men both physically and intellectually.

Basic Outline: You are just at the beginning of your research, but imagining now what this paper will look like will help you as you engage in your research. What kinds of material will you need to support your position? What elements will you have to prove?

Intro Material: what will you have to address in the introduction. Remember, it is customary to conclude the intro paragraph with your thesis.
Supporting Idea #1: Include the points you will have to prove or the evidence you will have to provide in order to support the thesis of your paper.
Supporting Idea #2: Include the points you will have to prove or the evidence you will have to provide in order to support the thesis of your paper.
Supporting Idea, Etc.

MLA Style

Your paper must be formatted according to MLA format (this includes having a header, double spacing, etc.)
For more information about MLA style, you should view the Purdue OWL’s pages on MLA:

Mechanics, Grammar, and Punctuation

All written assignments should be mechanically and grammatically correct with proper punctuation.

For more information on each of these, you should view the Purdue OWL’s General Writing Resources page:
This assignment is will be assessed using the Response Topic Proposal Rubric (see Course Rubric)
Research Topic Proposal – Instructions

Is Golf A Sport.

I. Define the social problem you are going to address.
State the need by using should.

Example – What should be done about…
Define any unclear terms.

II. Analyze the problem
Use a variety of forms of support to prove a problem or need exists. Make sure
material is adapted to audience or readers.
Use evidence that is well documented.

III. Establish the criteria for the solution
State what the solution must do and must avoid.

Example – The solution should reduce high school absences.
The solution should avoid giving out of school suspension
which only increases student absences.

Note: It is very important that you set clear and concise criteria for the solution before
developing the solution. This is similar to refuting opposing viewpoints.

IV. Develop possible solutions
Brainstorm as many ideas for solutions that you can.

Eliminate solutions that do not meet the criteria

V. Present the solution that best fits the need or problem
Use research that proves this solution will correct or fix the problem.

VI. Implementation of the solution.
Show how the solution can be implemented into society.

Explain step by step how this solution will be funded and actually be
put into action.

The body of the research paper defines a social problem, analyzes or proves the problem exists,
provides a set of criteria to do and avoid when developing a solution, provides a list of possible
solutions, presents a final solution and shows how it can be implemented. Also include an
introduction and conclusion in your research paper. An introduction should capture attention,
introduce the subject, establish credibility, and preview the main points. The conclusion should
signal an ending, summarize the information, and give the reader somewhere to go with the

What I currently have…..Every sport out there requires some form of hand and eye coordination and golf is no different.  Golf is considered a sport that is based off of mental toughness and the players have a specialized skill set in analyzing data on the fly to understanding the dynamics of the course, weather conditions, equipment, and the competition.  I. Define the social problem you are going to address. State the need by using should.The current problem is that people should think of golf as a sport and not an activity to do with friends.II. Analyze the problemEvery sport out there requires some form of hand and eye coordination and golf is no different.  Golf is considered a sport that is based off of mental toughness and the players have a specialized skill set in analyzing data on the fly to understanding the dynamics of the course, weather conditions, equipment, and the competition. Establish the criteria for the solution Define what a sport is along with information about the golf industry.The solution must define the standards of a sport, while showing if golf does or does not meet those standards.IV. Develop possible solutions People do not understand why golf is a sport People do not understand the history or techniques in golf People do not understand what a sport is defined asV. Present the solution that best fits the need or problem Present the solution that is foundVI. Implementation of the solution.           How you will implement the solution.
Is Golf A Sport

History homework help. 1. (TCO A) A corporation has which of the following sets of characteristics? (Points : 5) Shared control, tax advantages, increased skills, and resources Simple to set up and maintains control with the founder Easier to transfer ownership and raise funds, no personal liability for stockholders Harder to raise funds and gives owner control2. (TCO A) The Dividends account _____. (Points : 5) is increased with a debit is decreased with a credit is not an expense account All of the above3. (TCOs A, B) Denton Company showed the following balances at the end of its first year:Cash $7,000Prepaid insurance 700Accounts receivable 3,500Accounts payable 2,800Notes payable 4,200Common stock 1,400Dividends 700Revenues 21,000Expenses 17,500What did Denton Company show as total credits on its trial balance? (Points : 5) $30,100 $29,400 $28,700 $30,8004. (TCOs B, E) Under the accrual basis of accounting, _____. (Points : 5) cash must be received before revenue is recognized net income is calculated by matching cash outflows against cash inflows events that change a company’s financial statements are recognized in the period they occur rather than in the period in which cash is paid or received the ledger accounts must be adjusted to reflect a cash basis of accounting before financial statements are prepared under generally accepted accounting principles5. (TCO D) In a period of increasing prices, which inventory cost flow assumption will result in the lowest amount of income tax expense? (Points : 5) FIFO LIFO The average cost method Income tax expense for the period will be the same under all assumptions.6. (TCOs A, E) Equipment was purchased for $60,000. Freight charges amounted to $2,800 and there was a cost of $8,000 for building a foundation and installing the equipment. It is estimated that the equipment will have a $12,000 salvage value at the end of its 5-year useful life. Depreciation expense each year using the straight-line method will be _____. (Points : 5) $14,160 $11,760 $9,840 $9,6007. (TCOs D, G) Mendez Corporation issues 2,000 ten-year, 8%, $1,000 bonds dated January 1, 2007, at 103. The journal entry to record the issuance will show a _____. (Points : 5) debit to Cash of $2,000,000 debit to Premium on Bonds Payable for $60,000 credit to Bonds Payable for $2,000,000 credit to Cash for $2,060,0008. (TCO C) Accounts receivable arising from sales to customers amounted to $40,000 and $35,000 at the beginning and end of the year, respectively. Income reported on the income statement for the year was $110,000. Exclusive of the effect of other adjustments, the cash flows from operating activities to be reported on the statement of cash flows is _____. (Points : 5) $110,000 $105,000 $115,000 $150,0009. (TCO F) One variation of the horizontal analysis is known as _____. (Points : 5) nonlinear analysis vertical analysis trend analysis common-size analysis10. (TCO F) Comparisons of data within a company are an example of the following comparative basis. (Points : 5) Industry averages Intercompany Intracompany Interregional11. (TCO F) Which one of the following is not a characteristic generally evaluated in ratio analysis? (Points : 5) Liquidity Profitability Marketability of the product Solvency12. (TCO F) A common measure of liquidity is _____. (Points : 5) return on assets current ratio profit margin debt to equity13. (TCO F) Long-term creditors are usually most interested in evaluating _____. (Points : 5) liquidity marketability profitability solvency14. (TCO G) To calculate the market value of a bond, we need to _____. (Points : 5) find out the present value of all of the future cash payments promised by the bond calculate the present value of the principal only calculate the present value of the interest only multiply the bond price by the interest rate1. (TCO A) The partial financial statement items below were taken from the financial statements of Prone, Inc. This information can be used to correctly solve each of the ratios below. The information is in alphabetical order.Accounts payable $ 28,000 Net income $ 48,000Accounts receivable 66,000 Other current liabilities 17,000Cash 54,000 Total assets 250,000Gross profit 160,000 Total liabilities 200,000Income before income taxes 54,000 Wages payable 5,000Additional information: The number of average common shares outstanding during the year was 40,000.Instructions: Compute the following.a) Current ratiob) Working capitalc) Earnings per shared) Debt-to-total-assets ratioTo earn full credit, you must show the formula you are using, show your computations and explain the meaning of each of your ratio results.(Points : 30)2. (TCOs B, E) These financial statement items are for Snyder Corporation at year-end, July 31, 2010.Salaries payable $ 2,580Salaries expense 48,700Utilities expense 22,600Equipment 21,000Accounts payable 4,100Commission revenue 61,100Rent revenue 8,500Long-term note payable 1,800Common stock 16,000Cash 24,200Accounts receivable 9,780Accumulated depreciation 6,000Dividends 5,000Depreciation expense 4,000Retained earnings (beginning of the year) 35,200Instructions: Prepare an income statement and a retained earnings statement for the year. (Points : 30)3. (TCO D) The Oxford Company has budgeted sales revenues as follows. Jan Feb MarCredit sales $240,000 $192,000 $144,000Cash sales 144,000 408,000 312,000Total sales 384,000 600,000 456,000Past experience indicates that 60% of the credit sales will be collected in the month of sale and the remaining 40% will be collected in the following month.Purchases of inventory are all on credit, with 60% paid in the month of purchase and 40% in the month following purchase. Budgeted inventory purchases are $520,000 in January, $360,000 in February, and $168,000 in March.Other budgeted cash receipts include (a) the sale of plant assets for $98,800 in February and (b) the sale of new common stock for $134,800 in March. Other budgeted cash disbursements include (a) operating expenses of $54,000 each month, (b) selling and administrative expenses of $100,000 each month, (c) dividends of $152,000 to be paid in February, and (d) purchase of equipment for $48,000 cash in March.The company has a cash balance of $80,000 at the beginning of February and wishes to maintain a minimum cash balance of $80,000 at the end of each month. An open line of credit is available at the bank and carries an annual interest rate of 12%. Assume that all borrowing is done on the first day of the month in which financing is needed and that all repayments are made on the last day of the month in which excess cash is available. Also assume that there is no outstanding financing as of February 1.Requirements: Use this information to prepare a schedule of expected cash collections from customers for the months of February and March only. (Points : 30)4. (TCO D) Your friend Dean has hired you to evaluate the following internal control procedures.a) Explain to your friend whether each of the numbered items below is an internal control strength or weakness. You must also state which principle relates to each of the internal controls.b) For the weaknesses, you also need to state a recommendation for improvement. Bonding of the cashiers is not required because all of the cashiers have significant experience. The treasurer is the only one allowed to sign checks. All employees may operate cash registers. Blank checks are stored in the safe. Supervisors count cash receipts daily.(Points : 30)5. (TCOs D, E) Please prepare the following journal entries. Indicate which account should be debited and which account should be credited along with the dollar amount of the debit and credit.a) Investors invested $100,000 in exchange for 10,000 shares of common stock.b) Company paid a utility bill for $600c) Company received cash of $15,000 for services performedd) Company made payment on account for $1,000e) Company received $12,000 for services not yet performed (Points : 30)6. (TCO C) Please indicate which section of the statement of cash flows should contain each of the following items and whether each item would result in an inflow or outflow of cash. The sections are Operating, Investing, and Financing.a) Issuance of capital stockb) Depreciation of machineryc) Purchased land to operate the businessd) Decrease in accounts payablee) Payment of dividends (Points : 30)History homework help
University of California Irvine The End of The Sexual Revolution Discussion.

For this Forum, you must post an original statement between 250 words before Sunday 11:59 pm. You may 1) respond to a prompt made by the professor below, Please make clear by title/author/page number, which part of which text you discuss. Responses to these questions don’t have “right” and “wrong,” provided you make a good faith effort to deal with the readings. (These generic instructions will apply every week!) Remember, we looking for reactions here, which means there seldom will be a “right” or a “wrong” answer. Just be thoughtful! PROMPT ONEIn Chapter 1 of Make Love, Not War, David Allyn describes the reception of the novel Sex and the Single Girl by Helen Gurley Brown. The chapter then focuses on the “double standard” that condemns young women who have sex as having lost their virtue while the same behavior for young men elevates their status in their peer group. Pick one of the following angles to respond to.a) What social function did this double standard serve before the sexual revolution came along and why did women need “liberation” from it?b) Does the double standard still exist in the specific sub-culture represented by the community of UCI undergraduates? [to be fair, multiple sub-cultures exist on the campus; so, consider the one you wish to write about.]c) Describe an incident from your own experience (or “this happened to my friend”) that illustrates the double standard at work today. PROMPT TWOThe final chapter of Allyn’s book describes the end of the Sexual Revolution proper. Unsurprisingly, that ending coincides with the rise of evangelical conservatism in the 1980s. More unexpected, a particular strand of feminist activism, women opposing pornography, joined forces with the evangelicals–unlikely bedfollows, to say the least–to stamp out the growing ubiquity of pornography. (Technology, probably more than politics, undercut these efforts. The invention of the VCR at about the same time guaranteed that porn would morph into a lucrative industry.) Contemplate the impact of the Sexual Revolution by picking ONE of these two promptsd) What evidence do you see in “Chapter 21” that aligns the conservative reaction against the sexual revolution with the values of conservatism we have profiled earlier in the course. Do you see their efforts as necessary corrections to the excesses of the Sexual Revolution? Or do you see their efforts as regressive attempts to “put the genie back in the bottle”–essentially failing to recognize that culture no longer stigmatizes the activity.e) Allyn concludes his book, “For all its faults and limitations, the sexual revolution had contributed to an era of openness, self-examination, and questioning of the status quo.” What do you see as the most important contributions he mentioned (or that lecture mentioned)? PROMPT THREEThis week’s chapter from Trend contrasts high culture with everyday culture, then laments that too few academics mount serious intellectual inquiries into everyday culture. (The discipline of Cultural Studies, still fairly new, was created in part to correct this.) He also examines the definition of art in this section. Pick one of the following prompts:f) Trend writes that people function in their everyday lives by “operat[ing] in a complex dialectic with culture. …A space [exists] between oppressive institutions and the consciousness of individuals.” (24) Think about any of the art or artists we have considered so far in this course (any week). How does the work(s) you select mediate between, in your opinion, the artist’s consciousness and the repressive institutions in the culture?g) Trend notes that American culture often regards a work as “art” only if it adheres to “strict characteristics” that reflect “select philosophical ideals.” (30) He also notes the consternation aroused by Marcel Duchamp when he declared that plumbing supplies became art when placed on a gallery wall and labeled as art. (29) In the two exhibits of “dick pics” profiled on the art page, neither artist took the photos that ended up on the wall. (One used unsolicited photos sent to her or her friends then repurposed them; the other, had the men stage the photos themselves (using her ideas) then send her the results). Using ideas found in the text of the accompanying articles (in other words, don’t interpret the art itself but the words of the reporter who reports the words of the artist), how would you make the case that these exhibits do, in fact, conform to commonly held conceptions about “what is art” in 2019? PROMPT FOURChapter 3 of Culture as a Weapon is called “Fear Machines.” In this chapter, Thompson considers how influencers (politicians, news/media organizations, businesses, groups, etcetera) use fear to promote their agendas. Consider any of the following for your comments:h) What “fear machines” are at work in the United States of 2020? Who are the influencers? Whom are they trying to influence? What is their message? i) Connect the examples in this chapter (Thompson’s historical examples or current 2020 analogs) to the culture war issues raised in Week 2’s readings and lectures. j) Late in the chapter (91), Thompson asks, “how do we resist the politics of fear?” What’s your answer–connect it to one specific issue (current or as discussed in the chapter).2.For this week’s Art Interpretation, please consider images included in the weekly Art page, located at the bottom of the week’s reading list. You need not limit yourself to the images on the weekly art page, if you took the time to google other images associated with those episodes. You may react to one of the prompts below.Remember this post needs to be only between 250 words. Posts are due Sunday at 11:59 pm. PROMPT 1: Focus your comments on a single work of art or one of the exhibitions. What aesthetic qualities does the work possess that enable it to capture and hold the viewer’s attention? How does the piece appear to stake out a position in some cultural dispute? What did it make you feel when you looked at it? What did it make you think about when you looked at it? PROMPT 2: Feminist art of the 1970s was closely highly conscious of the sexual revolution and its aims. When you contemplate Image 1 and Image 2, what comment do you believe artists Hannah Wilke and Shelly Lowell intended in their own time about the place of women as sexual beings in a male-dominated culture? Does viewing the work in 2019 evoke a different sense than the artists might have anticipated 40+ years ago? PROMPT 3: As we have seen in this course, feminist art often contains an element of culture critique in it. The two exhibits profiled this week both comment on the recent cultural convention in which parties exchange nude pictures prior to meeting–sometimes without checking first. Do you see these exhibits as pornographic or as art? Where would you draw the line between the two?
University of California Irvine The End of The Sexual Revolution Discussion

Has ASEAN Been Successful In Promoting Security Politics Essay

Has ASEAN Been Successful In Promoting Security Politics Essay. ASEAN has been successful because its members have a very strong commitment to cooperation. Cooperation for the benefit of all and cooperation for the stability and peace of the region. This is a very importance hallmark of ASEAN’ Tun Abdullah bin Hj. Ahmad Badawi INTRODUCTION History of the Establishment of Asean 1. ASEAN officially declared its establishment on August 8, 1967 [1] . So far ten countries have been a member of ASEAN which are Indonesia, Philippines, Thailand, Indonesia, Singapore, Brunei, Vietnam, Laos, Myanmar and Cambodia [2] . Establishment of the ASEAN is to create a new organization that will share a common vision in building the nation, reaffirm bilateral and multilateral relations as a way of solving regional tensions. Establishment of the ASEAN is based on the needs and interests with countries to generate regional security and cooperation between the countries involved. Knowing that all the ASEAN countries have a similar background; it will be able to perform its role as a forum to be able to develop economic, social and regional stability. 2. For many years, Southeast Asia or ASEAN countries also had witnessed the competition of major powers in their quest to either establish military bases or influence in the region. Countries like United States, Soviet Union, China, Japan and India were taking over the dominance of faded powers of British, France and the Dutch in this area. Besides the intervention of major powers, the Southeast Asia nation also faced their own regional issues. The security problems became even worse with the domestic problems faced by most of the countries in the region. Revolutions, subversion, secession struggles, military coup, terrorism and communist threat were some forms domestic problems faced by the nations which became a hindrance factors for these nations to develop smoothly. Though Thailand was the only country that did not experienced any form of colonization, yet it also faced some domestic problems and got entangled in the regional disputes. 3. This essay is to discuss whether ASEAN has substantially contributed to regional peace and stability in South East Asia and does the assiociation represent a long term alternative to balance of power strategies, or a complement to such? Has ASEAN Substantially Contributed to Regional Peace and Stability in South East Asia? Regionalism Issues 4. The regionalism issue has becoming one of the hottest topics in the field of International Relations today. It was caused by the expanding global economy and political influence of a few powerful nations. The strategies of how the individual countries choose to form regional organisations, more importantly, the administration of the organisation will show how well the regional organization relates to the rest of the world. The success or failure of this regional relationship will greatly impact the future of the member nations and the degree to which they will ultimately become productive members of the global community. Referring to the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) the nations of Southeast Asia (SEA) have chosen to ally themselves with one another so that the collective security and economic well being of the region may be stabilised and well developed. Strategic Stability 5. Strategic stability can be define as a condition where policy maker do not face unavoidable pressure to make sudden shift from non violent to violent strategies, in the process precipitating wars that they neither anticipate nor want. 6. Strategic stability influenced by: a. Geographical issues such as the contesting over access to resources like water and oil claims. b. Culture issues such as conflict in historical background between countries. c. Military Strategic Consideration. d. Domestic Political Pressure. Background of Internal Issues within the ASEAN Countries 7. Regional relations among ASEAN countries are in a satisfactory level with the various forms of cooperation among member countries. With the creation of the ASEAN forum in 1967, member countries have been dealing with any problem with good and satisfactory. However there are still some problems involving the member countries that have not successfully resolved. There are among the problems that were refered to the International Court of Justice (ICJ) to enable disputes resolved by a neutral body that was assigned to solve the problem in peace. Bilateral problems are said to challenge the ability and immunities of the family relationship between ASEAN member countries where most issues or conflicts are remnants of ancient history. Apart from that, the internal problem of ASEAN is also expected to be one cause of threat to internal stability and also has a tendency to spread out from their respective national borders. There were many problems among ASEAN members, however for the purpose of this essay; I will highlight a few problems that are considered as big issue such as borders conflict, the issue of organized transnational crime and arms race. Borders Conflict Issues 8. Malaysia and Thailand.This border conflict has long existed since immemorial time. Since 1824 until 1851, states in the north and the east coast of Malaya like Kelantan, Terengganu, Perlis and Kedah were under the rule of the Siamese. However in 1904, under the Treaty of the Anglo-Siamese, Siamese Government has given the authorities of protection, administration and control over these four states to the British. Together with the treaty is the Treaty Protocol that describes a new border between Siam and the British in Malaya at that time [3] . However, problems still exist that the actual demarcation of the border between Malaysia and Thailand where it is still not have a solution, especially in Kelantan border area involving Golok. It is afraid that this situation may cause problems in future when land development to be implemented in the area, especially near the river. 9. The other major issue that occurred at the border are activities of Separator Islamic guerrilla movement in southern Thailand, especially in the Pattani and Narathiwat. These groups consist of a Patani United Liberation Organition (PULO), Pattani Liberation National Front (BNPP) and National Revolution Front (BRN). PULO believed to receive financial assistance from the military and radical Arab regime in Syria and Libya. PULO reportedly established cooperation with the BNPP which is one of the oldest Muslim separatist groups but have a lack of influence. BNPP which is the Islam konsevatif group reportedly has close relationship with the Parti Islam Se-Malaysia (PAS) which is currently ruled Kelantan at the east coast of Malaysia. BNPP influence has decreased since the death of Naser Tunku Yala in 1977. This is all due to loss of spiritual leadership for 30 years before and the defeat of PAS in Kelantan during the elections in 1978. After that the group has been operating in the area of Ban Panare, Pattani under the new leadership who is Badri Hamdan the university graduates from West Asia and Samsudin Abdul Ghani from Egypt [4] . Thailand Government leaders often do not feel satisfied with the support of the Kelantanese to the Patani people at that time. 10. Military Cooperation. Various efforts have been established in order to overcome and reduce the tension for example by enhancing the military cooperation between both countries. Among the efforts that have been and are being implemented are as follows: a. Border Patrol. A form of border cooperation has been established since 1979. As a result of the declaration of borders cooperation, joint border patrol between the Malaysia and Thailand army has been held until now. This has reduced tension on the border conflict between the two countries. In addition, this operation also helps in restraining the activities of the rebellion group from spreading to the Malaysian border. This cooperation has also brought much success to curb smuggling of people, goods and illegal border crossing activities. As a result, this bilateral cooperation has increased the mutual trust between the two countries. b. Joint Training. Among the training that have been and are being held continouesly are collective military training, individual training and seminars. Military training as “Exercise THAMAL” between Malaysia/ Thailand organize every year in order to reduce the tension in border conflict. Through the training it is also hope that they will be a deep understanding regarding the bilateral military cooperation between both countries. c. Meeting The Highest Military Leaders. Visits and conference between the higher levels of leadership from both Ministry of Defense always conducted every year. This approach has contribute to closer relationship, mutual understanding and respect between each other. Any sensitive issues can be solved together wisely to avoid any military action. In the 24th High Level Committee Malaysia- Thailand both the military leader agreed that criminal and illegal activities in border area have been decreased [5] . On 9 Dec 2009 Prime Minister of Malaysia as request by the Prime Minister of Thailand has made a joint visit to the unstable region in southern Thailand. The purpose of the visit is to win the heart and mind of the people in that area. This effort shows how ASEAN countries are concerned about bilateral cooperation in solving problems between countries in the region as well as to increase the trust between each others [6] . 11. Malaysia and Indonesia. Boundary problem between Malaysia and Indonesia exists only in East Malaysia, covering Sabah and Sarawak. A very long border between Sabah, Sarawak and Indonesia is very difficult to be mark. The thick forests and a lot of mountains make it difficult to be entered by anyone and become a big challenge for the border surveyors from both countries. As a result of the absence of stone boundary that separates between Sabah and Sarawak to Kalimantan has allowed the entry of illegal immigrants from Indonesia to Malaysia without any problems as well as the smuggling activities. 12. All these illegal activities become a very sensitive issue discussed in the Malaysia-Indonesia Boundary Committee and affected the relationship between both countries. Less enforcement by the Indonesian authorities has lead to the increasingly smuggling and illegal logging activities. Stealing of the logging equipments such as bulldozers of the Malaysian workers by the Indonesian has become a normal phenomena for them without thinking about their actions could cause conflict between the two countries. All these illegal activities will continue as long as the boundary problem is not resolved. 13. Thai and Cambodia. Issue between the two countries are at the boundary of Range Dang Reo. Inaccuracies in the marking of the border along Reo Dang River between 1905 and 1917 have caused disputes between Thailand and Cambodia in 1958. This argument is due to the Angkor Wat Temple Preah Vihear, located at the border between the two countries. The conflict arised because of the different border area from the map that produced by the France and the one that with the Cambodian. Thailand which has occupied the area since 1945 refused to give any response raised by the French and Cambodia about the border. Thailand has insisted that the map prepared by one parties only and are not published. Finally in 1962, it has been successfully resolved by the ICJ and Cambodia won the case [7] . 14. However, the conflicts between the two countries flared again in 2008 involving both military forces which at first caused at least two Cambodian soldiers died and wounded seven Thais soldiers. This issue arised when Cambodia applied to UNESCO for Preah Vihear Temple to be list in UNESCO World Heritage List [8] . Organised Transnational Crime 15. The concept of ‘transnational crime’ actually took place more than a quarter century ago. Transnational organized crime has become a big issue in the international arena [9] . ‘Transnational ‘ means the movement of the information, money, physical goods, people or things that are visible or not visible across state boundaries when at least one actor involved in the non-governmental movement [10] . According to the UN Secretariat, transnational crime has been defined as “offences whose inception, prevention and / or direct or indirect effects involved more than one country” [11] . When we talk about the concept of `Transnational Crime’, it is a criminal activity or activities undertaken by a planned crime organisation which lead to a criminal ofences of two or more countries [12] . Transnational Crime or Organized Crime involves many crimes activities; that occur around the world that ASEAN countries are also cannot escape from being drawn into the same activity. The activities have been occurring from time to time without any signs of activity undertaken to decrease. It involves criminal activity quite popular such as smuggling of goods, drugs, weapons and human beings. Those who commit criminal activities are growing increasingly clever and brave to carry out criminal activities. Economic recovery among ASEAN countries after the economic crisis from 1996 to 1998 was greatly influenced this activity and has helped expand transnational crime all over Southeast Asia. In 1994, the UN Secretariat has identified 18 categories of transnational crime in the world [13] which of the major transnational criminal activities that hit ASEAN countries are smuggling goods, drugs and people. 16. Drug Smuggling. Drug trafficking business becomes a challenge to the economy growth within ASEAN country. It is not only a major source of ‘Centre of Money Lender’ but also lead to the cause of war, murder and others criminal offences [14] . This illegal activity is very difficult to be contain totally even though various method such as strict checks at all border entry point implemented in ASEAN country. Myanmar, Thailand, Laos and Cambodia known as the `Golden Triangle’ is a nest of the largest drug producer in the region. Based on the studies conducted by U.S. government found that Myanmar still remains the largest opium producer in the world [15] with production rate said to increase by 9 percent in the mid-1990s. Not less than 2,560 tons of opium has been produced by the country [16] . Therefore, it is difficult to eliminate drug trafficking activities as long as the situation continues. 17. Human Trafficking. Human smuggling crimes have become a very popular activity since a long time where it deals with a lot of money. According to the study conducted by `Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights’, it was estimated that 4 million people each year have been smuggled across the world [17] . International associations paying less attention to the efforts of monitoring individuals to enter the country illegally compare with the group smuggling activities [18] . Countries that have a strong economic position, such as Malaysia and Singapore become a major destination for human smuggling activities. The smuggling agents willing to faced high risks to do the activities because they can get payment between RM 2,000.00 to RM 4,800.00 per person [19] . 18. Smuggling Goods. ASEAN countries can be seen in two contacts; the countries that have high income rates for example Malaysia, Brunei and Singapore and countries that have low income rates for example Indonesia, Myanmar and Vietnam. The goods in high income rates countries are more expensive than the countries that have low incomes rates. This factor has encouraged smugglers to take high risks in smuggling activities. The smuggling activities of cars from Malaysia to Thailand, Singapore and Indonesia have been successfully reduced not long ago. The smuggling of cigarettes from Indonesia still exists because of the high demand. Clove cigarettes worth million of dollars was confiscated by the customs of Malaysia in 1998 (Table 1) [20] . Ser Month Total Cases Quantity Price (RM) Tax (RM) 1. January 4 909.11 kg 215,660.00 578,510.20 2. February 4 9,558.2 kg 569,680.00 1,857,984.04 3. March 9 2,749.115 kg 210,013.65 545,082.69 4. April 2 1,690.44 kg 17,756.00 16,167.10 5. May 2 209.52 kg 12,060.00 14,489.73 6. June 3 3,865.95 kg 273,920.00 761,315.77 7. July 4 7,057.2 kg 463,320.00 1,377,921.19 8. August 8 3,452.27 kg 226,514.00 766,095.15 9. September 6 9,884.83 kg 704,920.00 1,947,847.13 10. October 11 3,619.82 kg 225,598.00 698,551.63 11. November 11 4,667.88 kg 276,490.00 1,008,555.98 12. December 13 5,816.61 kg 386,510.00 1,407,840.77 Total 77 53,480.95 3,582,441.65 10,980,361.38 Table 1: Cigarettes Confiscated by the Customs of Malaysia in 1998 19. Arms Race Issues. Are there any arms race issues within ASEAN countries? According to Colin Gray, there are four basic conditions to be considered as arms race which are: a. There must be two or more parties, conscious of their antagonism. b. They must structure their armed forces with attention to the probable effectiveness of the forces in combat with, or as a deterrent to, the other arms race participants. c. They must compete in term of quantity and quality. d. There must be rapid increases in quantity and/or improvements in quality [21] . 20. The momentum of military build up among the ASEAN countries increased in the 1980s and 1990s, however since the financial crisis in 1997 the force modernisation has slowing down [22] except for Singapore that has less affected in the crisis and continued its military build up. A few reason of why the process of equisition of military equipment within ASEAN country still continueing eventhough in a slow manner is because of to protect economic resources, requirement for EEZ surveillance and protection, inter state tension in the region, internal security caused by the terrorism threat for example after the Sep 11 incident in US and conflict between Thailand Government and the rebellions from the southern part of the state. Based on the study, [23] it is identified that non of the process of military modernisation comply with the conditions stated by Colin Gray. There is no ASEAN country that has a really serious conflict between one another. The border crisis between Thailand and Cambodia which flared in 2008 anyway still can be resolved where both countries still concern the importance of the relationship between ASEAN countries. Force modernisation in Southeast Asia can be considered as arms build-up rather than arms race. Does the Assiociation Represent a Long Term Alternative to Balance Of Power Strategies, or a Complement to Such? 21. For this question I will highlight the platform that has been established by ASEAN such as the ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF) and East Asia Summit (EAS) and the external cooperation between ASEAN and major power outside the region. 22. Establishment of ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF). ASEAN countries agreed with the iniative to establish ARF in the 26th ASEAN Ministerial Meeting and Post Ministerial Conference which were held on 23 to 25 July 1993. Then the inaugural meeting held in Bangkok on July 1994. The objectives of ARF are: a. To fster constructive dialougue and consultation on political and security ssues of common interest and concern. b. To make significant contributions to effort towards confidence building and preventive diplomacy in the Asia Pacific region [24] . The current importance members of ARF are US, China, India, Japan, European Union and Republic of Korea. To build confidence and the capability to cooperate, the ARF also conducts such cooperative multilateral activities such as observation of military exercises, exchanges between defence colleges, joint training and exercises in search-and-rescue and disaster relief, and the maintenance of a registry of conventional arms. Latest in the 16th ARF that has been conducted in Thailand on 23 July 2009 has come out with a vision statement for ARF by 2020 which focus on to building a region of peace, friendship and prosperity. In year 2009 also, ARF has conducted a lot of conference, dialogue and seminar regarding national threat such as terrorism and transnational crime, maritime security and law and regulation on the participation in International Disaster Relief. In promoting mutual assurance, the ARF has proven its value in three stages evolution from confidence building, preventive diplomacy and for the longer term is the approaches to conflict resolution. 23. The Establishment of East Asia Summit (EAS). The first EAS was held in Kuala Lumpur on 14 Dec 2005. The members of the EAS are the ten of ASEAN countries, Australia, People’s Republic of China, India, Japan, Republic of Korea ad New Zealand. EAS was held as part of the overall ASEAN meeting [25] . In the first meeting, the discussion emphasized more towards on developing communication among the members and based on the Kuala Lumpur Declaration on the EAS indicated that it will be a forum for dialogue on broad strategic, political and economic issues of common interest and concern and with the aim similar to the ARF which is to promote peace, stability and economic prosperity in EAST Asia [26] . It was also stated in the Kuala Lumpur declaration that EAS will be an open, inclusive, transparent and outward-looking forum to strengthen global norms and universal recognized values with ASEAN as the driving force [27] . Since the establishment in 2005 till 2009 most of the discussion focus on desease prevention such as avian influenza issue and energy security issue which focus more towards the environment and health problems. Latest in 28th Aug 2008 the AEM 6 has been launch and then established the Economic Reasearch Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA) which the purpose of establishment was to identified the best way of economic integration, narrowing development gaps between members and how the energy development can sustain for long term [28] . External Cooperation between ASEAN and Major Power Outside the Region 24. ASEAN and Japan. ASEAN and Japan first established informal relations in 1973. The ties were later formalised with the establishment of the ASEAN-Japan Forum in March 1977. Since then, the ASEAN-Japan Forum has met once every 18-24 months. In early August 1977, the Japanese Prime Minister H.E. Mr. Takeo Fukuda met with the ASEAN Heads of Government at the Second ASEAN Summit in Kuala Lumpur. The Japanese Prime Minister H.E. Mr. Noboru Takeshita met with his ASEAN counterparts in Manila during the Third ASEAN Summit in December 1987. At the meeting, ASEAN and Japan announced “a new partnership toward peace and prosperity”. Japan has been ASEAN’s top trading partner for many years. In 1993, two-way trade between Japan and ASEAN amounted to nearly US$87 billion and in 1996, it rose to US$109.0 billion, representing nearly 21% of ASEAN’s total external trade. On the other hand, Japan’s trade with ASEAN accounted for about 15% of her total external trade. A unique feature of ASEAN-Japan cooperation is the ASEAN Promotion Centre on Trade, Investment and Tourism in Tokyo. The Centre was set up in 1981 under the Agreement Establishing the ASEAN Promotion Centre on Trade, Investment and Tourism between ASEAN Member Countries and Japan. It is jointly funded by contributions from Japan and ASEAN Member Countries. In January 2002, Japanese Prime Minister Junichiru Koizumi visited a number of ASEAN countries and proposed several new initiatives for cooperation. These include the designation of 2003 as the Year of ASEAN-Japan Exchange, reinforced cooperation in education and HRD, solidifying the security relations between Japan and ASEAN, the ASEAN-Japan Comprehensive Economic Partnership (CEP), and the “Initiative for Development in East Asia: IDEA.” Consultations to carry out these initiatives are proceeding. The recent establishment of the Japan-ASEAN General Exchange Fund (JAGEF) has generated a number of cooperation activities in support of greater ASEAN integration. ASEAN and United States. After the demise of the Cold War, though in a reduced scale, increased US economic interests in the region is an important factor for her in maintaining its military presence in the region. The US presence in the region can become a stabilizing factor only if its military presence can be retained and its economic and political presence is accepted. [29] The US participates in a series of consultative meetings with ASEAN which includes the ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF), the Post Ministerial Conferences (PMC) 9 1 and 9 10, the ASEAN Economic Minister-US Trade Representatives (AEM-USTR), the Senior Economic Officials Meeting-US Trade Representatives (SEOM-USTR), the ASEAN-US Dialogue Meeting, the Joint Planning Committee(JPC) Meeting and the ASEAN-US Business Council. The ASEAN-Washington Committee also assist in conducting and maintaining the dialogue with the US. The ASEAN-US Dialogue has also focused more and more on political and security discussions over the years, particularly with the end of the Cold War. The principle focus of the ASEAN-US security dialogue has been the role of the US in maintaining stability in the region. ASEAN and the US have signed a Joint Declaration for Cooperation to Combat International Terrorism on 1 August 2002 in Bandar Seri Begawan. ASEAN and China. Until the 1980s China had largely neglected its claims, preoccupied with more pressing defence demands and lacking in any case the military resources to intervene in the area. As a result, during much of the Cold War, the massive expanse of the South China Sea acted as a sort of ‘buffer zone’ between ASEAN and China, largely preventing direct contact between their respective forces. At present, all the countries concerned investing heavily in forces to defend their claims, in some cases encouraged by the Law of the Sea, and with growing speculation as to the value of the resources contained in the area, the South China Sea has been transformed into a zone of contention and possible conflict. [30] Singapore’s Senior Minister Lee Kwan Yew warned that unless this issue is resolved ” in a sensitive way, the present friendly relations between ASEAN and China could revert to the awkward relations of the decade when China supported guerrilla insurgencies in many ASEAN countries”. [31] In July 1996, China was accorded full Dialogue Partner status at the 29th AMM in Jakarta, Indonesia. The Chinese Vice Premier and Minister of Foreign Affairs H.E. Mr. Qian Qichen attended the meeting as a representative of a Dialogue Partner of ASEAN for the first time.It is hoped that the new generation of leaders in China will allow a more open and pluralistic system to develop and, thus, will enable China to become an integral part of the international community of nations. As a major power in the Asia-Pacific region that possesses nuclear weapons and has adopted a non-aligned posture, China has a unique and important position in regional efforts to promote regional stability. It has become extremely active and more positive in regional multi-lateral institutions, such as the ARF, CSCAP and the ISIS Roundtable on Peace and Security in the Asia-Pacific for the past years. For ASEAN, this is a welcome development and hopefully the US would see it in the same way although a nuance may remain on the objectives of those regional institutions in Has ASEAN Been Successful In Promoting Security Politics Essay

MGT 655 – Week 5 Benchmark – Supply Chain Integration

order essay cheap MGT 655 – Week 5 Benchmark – Supply Chain Integration. I’m studying for my Business class and need an explanation.

Benchmark – Supply Chain Integration

Supply chain integration is a major contributing factor to organizational success. The goal of supply chain integration is alignment within the supply chain. As a business leader, how can you achieve greater supply chain integration with suppliers and customers?
Amazon is a prime example of a company that has successfully managed its supply chain to achieve growth and profitability. Research the progression of Amazon’s supply chain integration. Write a 1,000-1,250-word paper that address the following questions:

How do sales and operations planning in supply chain integration impact the company overall? What would Amazon’s medium- and long-term forecast inform the operations management department? How do logistics, transportation modes, and warehouse locations impact Amazon’s competitiveness?
How does global sourcing and procurement impact the overall effectiveness of the supply chain? What are the benefits and challenges that have occurred when outsourcing logistic and other functions?
How has Amazon successfully leveraged e-commerce strategies to promote supply chain integration and boost sales and growth for the organization? Which strategies have been particularly effective and why?
Do you feel that Amazon sets an example for other companies to model regarding supply chain integration? Be sure to explain your rationale. Consider the ethical implications in your response.

Incorporate five to seven resources to support your paper.
Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required.
MGT 655 – Week 5 Benchmark – Supply Chain Integration

Create a 7-9 minute video that reflects upon the clinical problem that you have identified in your area of nursing practice (as identified in Module 1). Critically appraise the research and summarize

Create a 7-9 minute video that reflects upon the clinical problem that you have identified in your area of nursing practice (as identified in Module 1). Critically appraise the research and summarize. Critically appraise the research and summarize the knowledge available on the clinical problem (minimum requirement of 6 scholarly journal articles reviewed and appraised for application to practice problem). Outline a strategic plan for implementation of a practice change in your clinical practice environment based upon your findings. Describe how you intend to operationalize the practice change in your practice environment. What theoretical model will you use and how will you overcome barriers to implementation? What sources of internal evidence will you use in providing data to demonstrate improvement in outcomes? Describe evaluation methods of implementation clearly. Are there any ethical considerations? The presentation should be a simulation of what you would present to your unit staff in an effort to gain buy-in as you initiate the practice change in your area of practice. Use a recording platform of your choice and either upload as an mp4 or share the link directly to the video in the dropbox. ***Please do not record as voice-over PowerPoint because this cannot be saved in mp4 format or a link.***If you submit your assignment as a PowerPoint with voice over recording you will not receive credit for your assignment (or partial credit as you did not meet the full requirements of the assignment.) If PowerPoint is used for the presentation, include the reference slide; if PowerPoint is not used in the presentation, please submit a list of the references in a Word document utilized to develop the presentation in APA format to the dropbox in a separate submission (be sure to orally cite your sources if no PowerPoint is used to identify the sources) Assignment Expectations: Length: 7-9 minute presentation (with or without PowerPoint slides); if no PowerPoint used submit APA Reference list separatelyStructure: If PowerPoint is used: Include a title slide, objective slide, content slides, reference slide in APA format. There is no specific slide number required. References: Use appropriate APA style in-text citations and references for all resources utilized to answer the questions. A minimum of six (6) scholarly journal articles are required for this assignment.  Create a 7-9 minute video that reflects upon the clinical problem that you have identified in your area of nursing practice (as identified in Module 1). Critically appraise the research and summarize

english 101

english 101. I’m studying for my English class and don’t understand how to answer this. Can you help me study?

Part 1:
Decide whether the reasoning in the following examples is faulty. In your own words, explain why the reasoning used in the examples is faulty or illogical by a) naming the logical fallacy found in the example and then b) explaining why the example is problematic. Be sure to note WHICH examples you’re discussing in your post.
Exp: We should encourage a return to arranged marriages in this country since marriages based on romantic love haven’t been very successful.Part 2:
READ ONE a essay, and discuss at least one specific example of a logical fallacies the author uses when making his or her argument:

english 101