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Reply to Discussion Board

Reply to Discussion Board. I need an explanation for this Management question to help me study.

I need you to reply to the two discussion board below. Make sure you put which post it belong to so I can attached it to the correct Post.

Post 1

Should Kane receive credit for his previous years of employment with the Company?

Kane should not receive credit for his previous years of employment with the Company as he was treated essentially as a new hire each time he was rehired. The same process that was implemented for new hires is the same process Kane went through. His previous years of employment will not count the last time he was rehired. “If a former employee with less than one year’s prior service is rehired, the employee will be considered a new employee and will not be eligible for prior service recognition for seniority or benefit plan participation purposes.” (SHRM, 2019)

Compare the weight to be given the Company doctor to that of Kane’s personal doctor.

The weight of the Company doctor will hold more significance as the Company doctor will have more experience with what the conditions are that arise from working in the facility. Kane’s doctor has the knowledge of his past medical issues however, is not aware of the aspect of the facility that can cause medical conditions.

What level of proof should be used in this decision?

The level of proof that should be used in this decision is what is called clear and convincing evidence. “The truth of the facts asserted is highly probable. This level of proof is used most commonly in disciplinary matters that are noncriminal in nature, such as excessive absences, unacceptable performance…” (Holley, 2016, P. 611) There is clear and convincing evidence that indicates the medical records were not accurate and the company has the proof (paper trail) to show that.

Now you decide. Did the Company have just cause to terminate James Kane? If so, why? If not, why not?

The Company has just cause to terminate James Kane as he clearly filled out false information on a medical form that stated the consequences of not filling it out accurately. James’s excuse that he did not know at the time he had this issue does not line up with the medical records personally and by the Company. Mr. Kane signed and dated the form acknowledging that all medical information was fully disclosed and accurate. The Company does not want to be held liable for issues that occur with employees medically while working, which is why it is imperative they have a policy in place of full disclosure of medical issues in order to help or prevent any negative situations. Mr. Kane has signed a document and it was plainly indicated that it was false information and the Company has just cause to fire Mr. Kane.

Holley, W. H., Jennings, K. M., & Wolters, R. S. (2016). The Labor Relations Process. Boston,
MA: Cengage Learning.

SHRM. (2019, August 16). Rehire Eligibility and Service Recognition. Retrieved from

Post 2

Should kane receive credit for his previous years of employment with the Company?

Yes, Kane should receive credit for his previous years of employment with The Company. He put in hard labor and time with this organization before these issues came up and should be treated as such. Multiple times he was laid off and rehired so I feel his productivity, dedication and sincerity warrants his previous years to be credited.

Compare the weight to be given the Company doctor to that of Kane’s personal doctor.

Both doctors are specialist in their areas and should be treated as such. However, I feel that the company doctor has the company’s best interest in hand in preventing a recordable incident but also wants to provide basic care to the employees. Kane’s personal doctor has been seeing to him for a while now and knows his capabilities to the extent of is he able to work and be productive and also if his illness is a diseases or not.

What level of proof should be used in this decision?

The organization should look at the situation as a whole. I feel they are targeting those specific questions and hold it against Kane because the application said if you are unsure then ask questions. Perhaps he was sure that the application asked if he had a disease and also sure that he hasn’t been told he had a disease from a medical practitioner. Yes, medical personnel can understand what certain symptoms and diagnose mean but to the average person like Kane, if it’s not broken down to the lowest level and flat out said “this is a disease” then he wouldn’t think he had one. Kane was honest throughout the entire application process and noted the questions that pertained to him, so I think there shouldn’t be any doubt that he was being honest on those questions too.
In the case of McCorkle-v-Scheinker, the court ruled in favor of the employer because the employee knowing admitted to providing incomplete or misleading information on his application. I feel our case is different and understanding both sides with the lack of understanding medical terminology and the Company that clearly understands medical
diagnosis and the hazards that some present; coupled with understanding fully of terminology within the medical field I feel the Company didn’t have just cause to terminate Mr. Kane. Clearly the organization is saying that Mr. Kane new that he had a disease that he “purposely” withheld, but the organization is throwing a red flag on it because they feel Mr. Kane should know that chronic renal insufficiency and fatty liver is a disease. However, Dr. Stanwhich, the organization’s medical doctor says the word disease wasn’t mentioned when the union asked how would they have handled it differently. This leads me to believe that if their own medical doctor didn’t see the word “disease” to know it was a disease and Mr. Kane hadn’t heard the word disease to know it was a disease then the employee wasn’t trying to hide the incident but was actually truthfully answering the question on the medical form.

Now you decide. Did the Company have just cause to terminate James Kane? If so, why? If not, why not?

The ADA places restrictions on employers when it comes to asking job applicants to answer medical questions, take a medical exam, or identify a disability.
An employer may not ask a job applicant, for example, if he or she has a disability (or about the nature of an obvious disability). An employer also may not ask a job applicant to answer medical questions or take a medical exam before making a job offer.
An employer may ask a job applicant whether they can perform the job and how they would perform the job. The law allows an employer to condition a job offer on the applicant answering certain medical questions or successfully passing a medical exam, but only if all new employees in the same job have to answer the questions or take the exam.
Once a person is hired and has started work, an employer generally can only ask medical questions or require a medical exam if the employer needs medical documentation to support an employee’s request for an accommodation or if the employer has reason to believe an employee would not be able to perform a job successfully or safely because of a medical condition.
The law also requires that the employers keep all medical records and information confidential and in separate medical files.
References › file › What-level-of-proof-should-be-used (Links to an external site.) › laws › practices › inquiries_medical (Links to an external site.) › Background Checks
Reply to Discussion Board

Management versus Leadership Discussion.

Managers must balance their responsibility for ensuring that required tasks get completed with meeting the needs of the people with whom they work. In this discussion, you will compare the characteristics of good managers and strong leaders and relate it to your own experience(s) as you decide what qualities you think are necessary for effective management.To complete this discussion, follow these steps.First, read the following two articles: Management Vs. Leadership: Five Ways They Are Different and Three Differences Between Managers and Leaders.Then, for your initial post in the discussion forum, be sure to address the following issues:Share whether you think an individual has to be a strong leader in order to be an effective manager. Explain why or why not, with reference to the articles above to support your position.Further support your thoughts with your own personal experience(s) by sharing an example of when you had a manager who wasn’t an effective leader, or describe someone you know who is a very strong leader but is not technically a manager.Finally, respond to at least two of your peers. Address whether you agree or disagree with their argument and support your position, again using personal experience(s) to develop the response.
Management versus Leadership Discussion

Table of Contents Introduction Job analysis Job design Conclusion References Introduction Job analysis and job design are generally crucial to any organizations because they determine qualifications required when employing people. Various elements of a job are studied and analyzed hence enabling human resource personnel to get right individuals for the job. In addition, the job design should be analyzed to make sure that people are allocated right jobs depending on areas of their specialization. For instance, human resource personnel should be able to identify skills required for certain jobs hence getting correct information to include in their job descriptions. Job design helps human resource personnel to develop a proper job description that can lead to recruitment of competent people (Daft 2009, p, 76). For instance if a job requires highly skilled personnel, the job design should be categorical about such factors. Therefore, organization should make sure that they understand job design and analysis exceedingly well in order to recruit fully competent individuals. As a result, the organization enjoys improved productivity since competent people are employed hence helping it to achieve organizational goals. This is achieved easily because if jobs are done in the right manner, the result will undoubtedly be appealing to managers and organizations in general. Job analysis This can be defined as the process of evaluating and determining what exactly a given job entails. For instance, job analysis for a teaching job should give details concerning the role of teachers in the job. This includes the number of hours that teachers are expected to be in classes instructing students. In addition, it gives details concerning what teachers should achieve in their jobs. This is vital since it prepares applicants of such jobs on what they should expect when given the job. Job analysis concentrates on the job as opposed to workers. This means that any study that may be carried out on job analysis should gather information about the job and not employees. Job analysis is carried out to relate other aspects of the job to what is supposed to be done by employees. For instance, through job analysis one can be able to identify associated challenges hence guiding on compensation. This is extremely serious because it makes sure that people are neither underpaid nor overpaid. This means that people are paid just what is worth their efforts at the work place. For instance, some organizations end up in conflicts with workers’ unions because of overworking their employees. Job analysis can help managers in such organizations to understand the amount of work done by their employees. In return, they should ensure that they give reasonable compensations to their employees. Compensation should be guided by aspects such as skills required and work environments (Mathis and Jackson 2011, p. 45). Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More If the environment exposes workers to risks, the organization should be ready to part with extra funds. These funds should be used to pay risk allowances to employees. Responsibilities of employees on the job should also be among key determiners of the amount to be paid to workers. Training needs are determined by carrying out job analysis within organizations. This includes training contents required to make sure that employees get necessary information. After recruitment of new personnel, training is hugely beneficial to familiarize them with what the job entails. Unless a job analysis is conducted, human resource personnel cannot be able to know the kind of information required by new employees for the job. In addition, job analysis provides human resource personnel with adequate information regarding equipment needed for training. For instance, if an organization deals with assembly of electronics and electrical gadgets, several electronic pieces may be required to demonstrate to new workers what the job requires. The human resource department may decide to invest in dummies for training employees. Therefore, job analysis is beneficial because it highlights all these aspect hence making the whole process a success. Depending on the complexity of the job under analysis, the human resource department develops appropriate assessments aimed at testing the effectiveness of employee training. This is tremendously valuable because the human resource department gets to understand exactly what is expected of employees in certain jobs. After job analysis, human resource departments are able to identify appropriate methods of training employees. Depending on sensitivity of involved activities, training may be done in small groups to ensure that perfection is achieved. This is done as opposed to large groups where trainees end up not being attended properly by instructors. Other methods such as use of videos or computer based training can be applied. Furthermore, job analysis helps human resource personnel to come up with selection procedures aimed at recruiting best candidates for the job (Daft 2009, p, 76). This is guided by experience of candidates in handling specific responsibilities entailed in the job. Interview questions are guided by job analysis hence ensuring that they are relevant to the job. Job design Job design involves putting various elements together to form a job. In fact, this is the actual layout of a job which includes requirements of not only workers but also organizations. Job design includes all aspects that are entailed in the job at various levels. For instance, job designers should put in mind safety factors alongside other factors. We will write a custom Assessment on Job Analysis and Job Design Issues are Extremely Serious within the Topic of Human Resource Management specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This means that the design should consider risks that employees may be exposed to hence trying to reduce them as much as possible. Job design should be able to identify and outline the number of tasks to be carried out and the sequence to be followed. This means that job designs are particularly significant because they give a clear outline of all activities involved in a given job. Job designs should be developed in a way such that they will be in line with organizational goals. This is tremendously valuable because tasks in any organization should be aimed at achieving organizational goals. In addition, employees should be able to understand all values and goals associated with the job. This means that job designs give a lot of information regarding how employees should relate with the job leading to achievement of set goals. Organization of tasks and contents of a given job is defined in the job design. Job designs should involve several factors, which include allowing inputs from workers. This means that job designs should not be restricted to thoughts of designers. They should instead allow workers to make proposals aimed at making them better. This happens due to changes in the environment which affect terms set for the job. For instance, a job design may expect various tasks to be conducted every day (Brannick, Levine and Morgeson 2007, p. 98). The dynamic nature of the environment may change making it impossible for those tasks to be accomplished. Therefore, the design should allow workers to adjust it to accommodate conditions in the environment. In addition, these changes may be influenced by personal needs of workers. This means that workers’ personal needs have to be honored to ensure that they remain productive in their jobs. Jobs should be designed in a way such that they give employees a sense of accomplishment. This is essential since they have to handle their jobs with the aim of accomplishing them perfectly. Furthermore, job designs should provide proper work and rest schedules to make sure that employees do not strain while on duties (Mathis and Jackson 2011, p. 45). This means that there should be provision for resting times between working schedules. For instance, the design may allow adequate time during lunch hours and tea breaks for employees to relax. Job designs should be made in a way such that they provide feedback to employees regarding their performance. This is extremely powerful as employees get to evaluate their progress hence improving on overall productivity. Employees work hard when they know that they will be evaluated from time to time. This evaluation should be accompanied by rewards which motivate employees to work harder. Conclusion Human resource departments in organizations should ensure that they understand job designs and job analysis exceptionally well. Job perfection is achieved due to proper job analysis and job design. This is because if employees are in constant conflicts with their job expectations, chances are high that job perfection will not be achieved. Not sure if you can write a paper on Job Analysis and Job Design Issues are Extremely Serious within the Topic of Human Resource Management by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More On the other hand, a well-designed job tends to achieve all its goals because workers understand job expectations and work along with them uncommonly well. Human resource departments should take time in analyzing jobs in order to come up with their descriptions. The right job description results to recruitment of right people for the job leading to achievement of its goals. References Brannick, M T. Levine, E L.

Word problem, solving triangle using law of sines

Word problem, solving triangle using law of sines.

A tree that is 63 feet tall is growing at an angle of 80° with respect to the ground (see the figure below). Kevin, who is standing a certain distance away from the base of the tree, finds that the angle of elevation from the ground to the top of the tree is 37°. How far is he from the base of the tree? Round your answer to the nearest tenth of a foot.
Word problem, solving triangle using law of sines

The Cultural Reproduction And Social Reproduction Sociology Essay

java assignment help The Cultural Reproduction And Social Reproduction Sociology Essay. The word ‘Reproduction’ as defined in dictionaries is simply the “act of copying something’ whether it be a document, a sound, a culture, so that is looks exactly like the original. Reproduction can be applied to both culture and society so that it turns out to be a process by which aspects of culture are “passed on” from person to person from society to society. This happens in a number of different ways and so it is helpful to understand a small part of this ‘reproduction’s’ history; previously people moved from different countries and places taking with them their customs, traditions, and even behaviors which were learnt by other individuals, which lead to interaction between different people and therefore resulted in the ‘transfer’ of this information which was accomplished through a process known as ‘socialization’. From this we see that both social reproduction and cultural reproduction are very much ‘connected’ to each other. Cultural reproduction is the ‘transmission’ of existing cultural values and norms from generation to generation. This is a process by which there is a continuity of cultural ‘experience’ that has been carried on across time (which often results in social reproduction). Every society is mainly consisted of 3 classes: the upper class, the middle class, and the lower class which may all be further subdivided into smaller classes (ex: occupation, etc.) When we look further into cultural reproduction of the social class, we find two opposing views concerning this issue: A- Culture as a set of ‘class-instilled’ values B- Culture as a set of ‘class-based’ skills and experiences A Every social class (especially the poor) has a set of values unique to it: a- Work ethic b- Family values c- Independence vs. dependence These values heavily influence the day-to-day behavior of each class. They are passed along widely in whole from one generation to the next and because of the self-achievable nature of these values, the members of various classes with either seize opportunities for advancement or will not. B When it comes to culture as a set of ‘class-based skills’ and experiences, we are lead to 4 different outcomes. a- Self-promotion or self-elimination: This means by adjusting one’s goals to match real chances of success as well as embracing or avoiding situations that could advantageous depending upon whether the individual feels socially comfortable. b- Institutional fit or mismatch: Children from the middle-class society are equipped with skills valued by ordinary institutions as a result of their parents’ socialization and valued cultural capital. Meanwhile, individuals with less cultural income are asked to perform at the same level as their more ‘capitally-endowed’ peers and thus have to work harder to keep even. c- Informed vs. uninformed investments: Individuals with fewer cultural resources end up in less desirable positions and get less out of their cultural investments (such as college selection) through “unwise” decisions. d- Direct inclusion or exclusion: Members of the middle and upper classes tend to recruit individuals from those who share the same lifestyles, tastes, and experiences, and therefore exclude those who do not share them. On the other hand, social reproduction is rather a sociological term which refers to a process which both strengthens and preserves characteristics of a given social structure of tradition over a period of time. Even though reproduction may mean ‘copying’ what existed in the past, it may not occur exactly for all societies. This is due to the environmental, social, economic conditions as well as technologies and processes that keep changing over time; eventually there are new individuals who have different characteristic and so relate to others in new and different ways. An example of social reproduction can be seen in birds such as pigeons and parrots, which sit together in a row on a wire and each facing the same direction. Even when they fly, they do so in the same direction and then come back to sit again on the same wire, all facing the same direction (like they are following something). Like them, social reproduction requires us to maintain the ‘uniformity’ of language as well as communication (just like the birds have to follow one direction) over time. Communication means to “stay connected”. Just as males and females need each other to biologically reproduce, we need each other to ‘socially’ reproduce so that we can communicate with each other and relate to experiences; but spoken language alone is not enough for communication – Social reproduction allows us to create civilizations like the famous ‘Taj Mahal’ and many others which can only happen when societies feel CONNECTED. Two sociologists: Karl Marx and Pierre Bourdieu ask “What are the effects of Social Reproduction and Cultural Reproduction on schools?” This is a question asked by many other sociologists and so the emphasis on the opinions of both sociologists about this topic of social and cultural reproduction is to answer the question above. Karl Heinrich Marx (5 May 1818 – 14 March 1883) was a German sociologist, philosopher, historian, political economist, political theorist, journalist, and revolutionary socialist. He developed the socio-political theory of ‘Marxism’. His ideas have played a vital role in the development of social science and he published various books during his lifetime, with the most famous ‘The communist Manifesto’ (1848) and ‘Capital’ (1967-1894). Pierre Bourdieu (1 August 1930 – 23 January 2002) was a French sociologist, anthropologist, and philosopher and is known for inventing the term ‘Cultural Reproduction’. Both sociologists argued in their theories about the effects of Social Reproduction and Cultural Reproduction on schools. They talk about “the important function of education is to socialize the working class into a culture of failure so that they take up, without question, routine and dull work”. They also argue about that effects of both cultural and social reproduction on schools: – the ideas that are taught – the values, attitude and personality traits that are instilled in students – the ways in which schools are organized Bourdieu also adds that social inequality is reproduced in the educational system and therefore legitimized just as Marx said: “Students have to pursue on the formal teaching status quo” and so therefore students rarely come into contact with ways of thinking that challenges the existing social order. They also argue that the position of the dominant class is justified by educational success and the under-privileged position of the lower class is legitimated by educational failure. Furthermore, they discuss further that schools socialize students into certain values, attitudes, and personality traits that ‘fit’ the interest of the dominant social classes’ ways of working. These arguments lead Bourdieu to conclude that “the major role of education in society is to contribute toward social reproduction which is the reproduction of the relationships of power and privilege between social classes”. Therefore after looking further into what Cultural Reproduction and Social Reproduction are, and after knowing the arguments both Marx and Boudieu had about their effects on schools, I ask: HOW CAN CULTURAL AND SOCIAL REPRODUCTION BE MORE OF A DISADVANTANGE TO SOCIETY? The Cultural Reproduction And Social Reproduction Sociology Essay

Positive and negative effects of globalisation

Essay Question: Globalisation has led to significant shifts in the world economy over the last three decades. Please describe these major shifts. It has been suggested that globalisation is a major driving force of the global economy towards greater prosperity. It has also been argued that greater globalisation has brought greater risks to the world economy. Given the situation that the whole world has just been facing the most severe financial crisis and economic recession for many decades, what is your view on the globalisation debate? Introduction Define Globalization Globalization refers to the shift towards a more integrated and interdependent world economy (Hill, Cronk,

ENG 102 Georgia Military College The Lottery by Shirley Jackson Essay

ENG 102 Georgia Military College The Lottery by Shirley Jackson Essay.

Research Paper DirectionsYour research paper should be an argumentative essay that makes a specific claim about one or more of the course readings. The claim should incorporate some specific school of literary criticism discussed in class. Support this claim and argument in a well-developed, well-written, and well- organized essay of at least 1500-1800 words of text (not counting the works cited page) and must successfully use at least 5 critical secondary sources (primary sources- the literary texts assigned from class- are not included as part of the research requirement) accessed through the GMC library. The list below provides general options for paper topics:A paper focusing on one of the texts from class (if only writing on one text, it must be a different text than the ones you wrote on for Response Papers 1 and 2).A paper focusing on multiple texts (no more than 3) by the same authorA paper focusing on multiple texts (but no more than two) by different authorsTips and RemindersRe-read the text(s) on which you want to base your paper.Once you have decided on a topic, begin doing preliminary research (you will need to do a lot of research for this assignment anyway). Read what other literary critics have said. This will help you to further narrow down your topic, and even to find some of the sources you will end up using in the paper. Remember that you are a literary critic too—this means you should feel free to question and disagree with the interpretations you read.Make sure your thesis is an arguable one, something that readers might actually agree or disagree with. Don’t be afraid to take a leap and put forward a new, creative, and/or unique interpretation. Remember that any argument should be properly supported with reasonable textual evidence. Your paper must incorporate information from outside sources found through the GMC library. Remember that you have three methods for incorporating outside information into any paper: you can quote (use the source’s exact words), paraphrase (put the source’s words into your own words), or summarize (boil down information from a source to a 1-2 sentence summary in your own words).Avoid unnecessary plot summary and biographical information. Assume that your reader has already read the work you are discussing, and assume that your reader knows important information about the author’s life already.Remember that sources like Wikipedia, Sparknotes, and other open-web sources are not appropriate for this paper. Conduct your research through the library like a real researcher, rather than relying on Google to find open-web sources.MLA formatting for style, in-text citations, and works cited entries is a significant part of this paper. Review the sample essays in our textbook, and review grade feedback on past response papers for help with this. Organize your argument to maximize its effectiveness. Your introduction should include a thesis. Each paragraph of your paper should include a topic sentence that references your thesis. Each sentence in each paragraph should directly support that paragraph’s topic sentence.Finally, don’t forget the little things. Spelling, grammar, and punctuation should be perfect. Edit and revise your work. Manage your time efficiently to allow yourself the opportunity to read and reread your final paper multiple times.
ENG 102 Georgia Military College The Lottery by Shirley Jackson Essay