Table of Contents Introduction Thesis Statement Rembrandt’s Self-Portrait 1660 Vincent van Gogh’s Portrait of Joseph Roulin 1889 Andy Warhol’s Gold Marilyn Monroe 1962 Conclusion Works Cited Introduction Typically, painted images are full of clues regarding the historical and cultural context. They also carry the message regarding the interest and abilities of the artist. In fact, they always depict the person in the image. Visual analysis of works of art involves keen observation of the details painted by an artist from formal and narrative contents of the work. Visual analysis involves interpretation, description and evaluation of the portrait by focusing the attention to yield significant information regarding the work of art. The information obtained is important in making comparisons between different portraits. This study explores formal and narrative content of Rembrandt’s Self-Portrait 1660, Vincent van Gogh’s Portrait of Joseph Roulin 1889 and Andy Warhol’s Gold Marilyn Monroe 1962. Thesis Statement Rembrandt’s Self-Portrait 1660, Vincent van Gogh’s Portrait of Joseph Roulin 1889 and Andy Warhol’s Gold Marilyn Monroe 1962 differ in entirety regarding the messages sent by pose and facial expressions and the utilization of the painting frame. Rembrandt’s Self-Portrait 1660 The portrait was created in 1660. Rembrandt used oil on canvas nine years prior to his demise. The portrait features no other individual. This is significant given that it implies the depth of privacy the artist valued. However, considering the direction of the eyesight, he seems to be looking at another person albeit missing from the frame. He appears to be looking at somebody else as a patient. His face is red-dotted with signs of rosacea. Besides, the dots may be a stylistic devise commonly used by the artist in his previous works of art. In the portrait, the artist’s eyes appear normal. The left eye is to some extent narrower than the right eye. The eyes do not indicate any signs of palpebral ptosis or a pterygium. The bright line seems to suggest he was ailing from arcus senilis. The latter eye depicts healthy individuals happy with the inner self and heath. The faces of the Monroe and Roulin radiate contentment with their lives. Closer observation of the face reveals that the lit line is a mirror image of the cornea. Most of his other paintings also contain the reflection of the cornea. In paintings such as Vincent van Gogh’s Portrait of Joseph Roulin 1889, this effect is not evident, as Roulin’s eyes appear dull. In fact, they do not reflect any light although there is abundant light that may have reflected considering that his eyes are wide open. In the Gold Marilyn Monroe 1962 portrait, Monroe’s eyes are also open and white around the iris. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More However, the sufficient light that illuminate the image do not reflect. Her eyes seem to absorb every ray of light. While Rembrandt’s eyes seem to suggest his inner soul, the latter images appear to consume the light. Figure 1: Rembrandt’s Self-Portrait 1660 . The image depicts sign of aging of Rembrandt. The skin is lightly colored compared to other self-portraits painted previously. The skin illustrates signs of senile degeneration. The dullness of his clothing merges with the background. In contrast to portraits of Roulin and Monroe, the background seems to swallow the artist while the latter appears to dominate the frame directing the attention of the audience details of the figures as opposed to outrightly focusing on the face. Vincent van Gogh’s Portrait of Joseph Roulin 1889 The portrait depicts Roulin clad in a blue uniform he constantly wore pompously as a postal employee in Arles Southern France. The artist wrote to his brother Theo of his thrill regarding “the contemporary portrait”. This picture rendered quality not by the simulation of the sitter’s look, but through the autonomous and bright verve of color. His subject in this image is Joseph Roulin. The portrayal was drawn when Roulin got a better job. Figure 2: Portrait of Joseph Roulin 1889 . Dressed in a blue uniform, the image is set on a background with creative surroundings of whirling flowers. Gogh typically did not paint people, but concentrated on natural elements such as landscapes, sunflowers and wheat fields. Rembrandt painted many individuals that he felt were worth remembering. Apart from his self-portrait, Gogh painted Roulin given that he was his close friend (Gutierrez 1). We will write a custom Essay on Rembrandt’s Self-Portrait, Vincent van Gogh’s Portrait of Joseph Roulin and Andy Warhol’s Gold Marilyn Monroe. Comparison specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The frame reflects a dark, yet peaceful mood. However, Rembrandt’s frame is full of dullness and gloomy mood. The peaceful mood of this frame is indicative of satisfaction within Gogh given that he had found greener pastures. The darkness of the frame is indicative of the sadness Gogh felt in his soul due to the departure of Roulin from Arles for a better-paying job. The color of the eyes is dull. It implies that Roulin was also sad to leave his friend behind when he left. However, the pose indicates that Roulin was proud of his new status. The cap is positioned squarely on his head like a disciplined forces personnel with the label ‘posts’ clearly visible. This indicates that Roulin was proud of his work. Discipline forces personnel typically shave the beards. In the image, Roulin has long beards. This is illustrative of the freedom from any authority to do as he wishes. He is under no obligation to look in accordance to anyone’s wishes. Gogh believed in using colors to express his feelings. In this portrait, the background is multicolored with green dominating. The color is a representation of spiritualism of the artist who believes in the eternity of humanity. In fact, it is the illustration of the platonic belief in an ideal world. The eternal world lies ahead of his friend even as he moves away from Arles. Unlike in other portraits that lack flowers, the flowers used in this portrait are representations of life. The curls of the flowers seem to suggest that life is not always smooth given that there are multiple challenges which humanity has to contend with throughout. Roulin’s beard is curled while Monroe only the hairs are curled. Rembrandt’s Self-Portrait shows no such curls. The flow of the curves in Roulin portrait mimics the background swirls of the flowers. This is an indication that the artist believes that Roulin possess eternal life just as flowers. In addition, the curls guide the eyes of the audience through the painting in a harmonious way. The viewer can easily pick details without the eyes dilating and contracting frequently. The frame does not have any shadow of the image yet the frame appears to illuminate since fine details are observable. This means that the figure is lit from all directions. Gogh believed that Roulin was righteous. Hence, the light came from all directions. He had no soul blemishes. Andy Warhol’s Gold Marilyn Monroe 1962 Warhol as an artist was unique regarding the techniques he applied to produce his work of art. His techniques had not been observed previously in the world of art. Rembrandt and Gogh applied techniques that had been used previously. The rich mix of colors is not apparent in the latter artists’ work. Typically, the artist would combine drawings with photography. In Monroe’s frame, the face is centralized and small with the background occupying most of the frame. The latter’s frames are significantly occupied by the images. He would paint silk-screened canvases with pictures using abstract colors. Regularly, he utilized his own photos. Not sure if you can write a paper on Rembrandt’s Self-Portrait, Vincent van Gogh’s Portrait of Joseph Roulin and Andy Warhol’s Gold Marilyn Monroe. Comparison by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More However, he occasionally used pictures of other artists whenever he desired to depict a matter that he would never have a chance to take a snap. Gold Marilyn Monroe 1962 is one such portrait. Indeed, it depicts the face of a young woman. The portrait is silk screened onto a canvas. Figure 3: Gold Marilyn Monroe 1962 portrait Visually, very modest of her dressing can be seen on the image. This is founded on the tight cropping of the painting. Besides, the image appears to be wearing a dress that is tied at the back of the neck. This is illustrative of the changing trends in the dressing code. Similar to Roulin portrait showing the newly acquired status, the Monroe image gives the impression that women had undergone significant stages in acquiring freedom not only in dressing, but also in the liberation from male dominance. Monroe hair has been trimmed short. However, it appears to fall very near the head, but underneath the ears. The impression implies that despite the fact that women are gradually gaining liberation from male dominance, men still have relative authority above women. The falling of the hair indicates that women still stoop to men irrespective of the freedom they have acquired as gender factors in order to make the distinction between men and women apparent. In the Roulin’s case, the beard is indicative of authority of the male gender. The beard is more of a ‘mane’ than a beard and seeks to demonstrate masculinity. The background of the frame is golden. This is a reference to the Byzantine Icons. In fact, it seeks to illustrate that Warhol was very conversant with the icons considering the Christian and religious upbringing in his childhood. This was noth the case in Rembrandt and Roulin’s Portraits. By incorporating gold in the image, the artist sought to indicate that the familiarity he had with Christianity was similar to the familiarity Monroe had with iconography in pop spheres. Typically, Byzantine spiritual paintings are meant to facilitate praying. The perception created by this element eliminates the necessity of the background from that of Christianity and naturalistic that renders to the adoration of human. Warhol transfigures Monroe into a religious symbol founded on byzantine through the appropriation of techniques similar to those used in the Christian and religious context. The artists painted a small image at the center of a huge frame on the golden canvas background. It is hardly proportional to the entire size of the composition. This eliminates the setting and loss of a sense of time from the composition. When ballooned, the image is distorted and un-naturalistic unlike in other portraits. Considering that, the portrait was painted immediately after Monroe committed suicide, the artist sought to capture the attention of the audience to contemplate about the glamour. The portrait is multi colored. The artist aimed to capture the attention of the audience to the bizarreness of Monroe’s identity. Monroe seemed to live a dual lifestyle where she fitted in the traditional society as well as the emerging pop society. The gold background may imply the traditional society to which Monroe managed to disengage herself from in totality. However, the society considered her part of it not only as a member but also as an icon that they could look upon always. The many colors on the image of Monroe indicates the uniqueness of her multiple personalities that she had during her lifetime. Conversely, the other two portraits denote the specific person’s states of affairs. Roulin is contented since he has been offered a better-paying job while Rembrandt is going through some form of illness. The icon would fit in any societal setting irrespective of culture. Her personality attracted people of all races, gender and age. By using commercial technique of silk-screening, Warhol gives the image a crisp and synthetic look despite his canonization of Monroe. This reveals Monroe’s public figure as a cautiously planned illusion of who she really was. Her position as a pop icon was not her natural individual. In fact, it was a creation of the changing times and flexibility to fit in a changed society. Her teeth are white as they are in real life indicating that despite the transformation she had undergone to fit in the changing pop society, she still had elements of traditional culture embedded in her because of her upbringing. The latter portraits are concerned neither with the societal affairs nor with the individuals’ pasts. Conclusion The three works of art are similar in the sense that they all feature facial expressions of people. They communicate their moods and the experiences they are undergoing at the time of painting except for Gold Marilyn Monroe whose image and the coloring denote life experiences of the past. The portraits have more differences than similarities regarding the theme they seek to express. Monroe portrait’s theme is about the society; Gogh’s is about the inner soul and state of health while Roulin is about happiness with achievements. Works Cited Gutierrez, Antonio 2012. Portrait of Joseph Roulin by Vincent van Gogh 1889. May 2012. Web. Osaka, David 2013. Rembrandt. February 2013. Web.
Santa Monica College Legal Principles Reflection Discussion Board
Santa Monica College Legal Principles Reflection Discussion Board.
Please select a legal rule that you
have learned about in this course that you think is critical for
students/business-people to understand. In responding to this discussion
board, please address the following questions: 1. Identify the rule and note the chapter in which it was covered.2. Explain the rule of law, and reference a case that helps to illustrate the application of the rule.
3. Discuss why this particular legal principle is important. How is it relevant in the business world and/or in our daily lives?You may, but do not need to, reply to the entries of two (any two) other students.
Please be sure to stay on topic and
limit your discussion to only the questions posed. Please respect your
classmates in the discussion boards, and use only appropriate language,
as you would in a professional, business environment. I look forward to
reading your posts!
Santa Monica College Legal Principles Reflection Discussion Board
FRENCH 101 AMU Pierre Verdun French Salesman for Catering Company Discussion
online dissertation writing FRENCH 101 AMU Pierre Verdun French Salesman for Catering Company Discussion.
Select a scientist or scientific institution, an industry or entrepreneur, an engineer or inventor, or an aspect of technology in France or a francophone country. Give good background information, and make sure to highlight the importance of the person, institution, or business.Title your post with the topic (the person, industry, etc., that you chose).Research the topic, then share your findings with the class. Include images as appropriate (such as a portrait of the person or a graphic of the system, for example).Be sure not to repeat a topic on which someone has already posted. Successful posts are typically approximately 250 words in length.Before you pick the PERSON let me know so I can see if that person hasnt been choosen
FRENCH 101 AMU Pierre Verdun French Salesman for Catering Company Discussion
San Diego State University Effective Cross Cultural Communications Essay
San Diego State University Effective Cross Cultural Communications Essay.
Introduction:leads your readers into your topic by describing the issue of academic honesty and the relationship to plagiarism (example of a thesis or topic)provides the main idea statement (see above)Body paragraphs:first body paragraph: reason 1 of your main idea statementfirst piece of evidence to support this reasonsecond piece of evidence to support this reasonsecond body paragraph: reason 2first piece of evidence to support this reasonsecond piece of evidence to support this reasonthird body paragraph: reason 3first piece of evidence to support this reasonsecond piece of evidence to support this reasonConclusion:restates the main ideas stated in your introductionprovides a reflection on your use of the elements of academic honesty that you address in this essayFollow this pattern throughout the essay to support each reason with evidence and tie each paragraph back to your thesis.
San Diego State University Effective Cross Cultural Communications Essay
Domestic Violence Against Men: Challenges and Solutions
Introduction When we talk about domestic violence, it is common that we will think that the abuser is man and the abused one must be woman, but is it the only pattern in reality? Is there any chance for men abused by their partners or family? In fact, there are some news reports that the men victim in domestic violence in Hong Kong has been risen, however, there are limit service provided for them and there are no any confidential accommodation e.g. refugees, to protect their safety. Contrast to men’s situation, in Hong Kong, there are four woman refugee (organized by Po Leung Kuk, Christian Family Service Centre and Harmony house), one family crisis support center by Caritas and one family crisis intervention center (CEASE) by Tung Wah Group of hospitals provided vacancy for abused woman and their child, only two of which provide vacancy for male victims, but none of which are for male only, the one organized by Caritas is public in address, all people can find out their details though website or SWD, so it may have the chance that abuser will come to find the victims and not safety at all. The other one (CEASE) which is a shelter that for different type of people, including abused man and woman. So, in Hong Kong there is no specific shelter or refuge design for men only to provide a confidential short-term accommodation for them and focus on men victim’s needs. If you are men who were abused by your partners or family, where can you go and what social service that Hong Kong can provide to you? In this paper, we will have a look on abused man in Hong Kong and is there any need to have a refuge for them will be discussed. What is domestic violence? Domestic violence is violence that takes place within an intimate relationship and family members. Mostly abuser see themselves as the superior one and they will using their power to control other family members or intimate. There are different medium to abuse others, commonly is physical abuse, besides, there are psychological, sexual, financial control, social isolation and emotional abuse. (Po Leung Kuk, Woman Refugee) In 2010, our government had revised the law to “Domestic and Cohabitation Relationships Violence Ordinance” which provides civil remedies for victims of family violence. The law stated that “Spouses or former spouses, heterosexual cohabitants or former heterosexual cohabitants, same-sex cohabitants or former same-sex cohabitants, and other immediate and extended family members can apply to the court for an order against molestation by the other party.” Thus, domestic violence can be appear in both men and women and it is a criminal offence and offenders may be prosecuted. Study of Men and Women using violence It is common that when we discuss domestic violence, we will pop up the image a “strong” men beaten a “weak” women, however from the study by Steinmetz (1997a,b,c) found that both men and women may use physical to abuse each other’s in martial conflict, and the percentage was similar, details were below: Study of 54 couples Male Female Thrown objects 39% 31% Pushed or shoved their partners 31% 32% Hit their partners 20% 20% Hit others with an object 10% 10% Study of 52 Canadian college students Male Female Thrown objects 21% 21% Pushed or shoved their partners 17% 13% Hit their partners 13% 13% Hit others with an object 10% 12% Study of 94 randomly selected people Male Female Thrown objects 31% 25% Pushed or shoved their partners 22% 18% Hit their partners 17% 12% Hit others with an object 12% 14% From the three study take part in different place and people, we can see that both men and women react similar to use violence in solving their conflict in marital, especially in the part of “hit their partners and using object to hit others”, therefore woman also have potential to commit acts of violence in certain circumstances. The study from Steinmetz mainly focused on the medium of using physical to abuse, however, as mentioned before, medium of abused not only in physical but also others types. Current situation in Hong Kong and Others Countries Hong Kong The report of Harmony House state that in recent year, there are risen of abused men case, most of them aged between twenty to twenty four which is 30% of the total case and it rise almost 60% in one year (Oriental Daily, 2013). From their experience, most of their call said that their wives or girlfriend not only physical abuse them, such as kick them and using fingernail to scratches them, women also using psychological abuse towards men, such as ignore their feeling, do not talk with him, using some foul language to abuse him and lower their value at home, sometimes they may urge their husband to watch lust film and make sex to prevent him go out to find the other girls, moreover they may ask for prohibit male to go out with friends and ask him to call home every 5 minutes. Even worst, woman may use the child to threaten the man. Some of the abused men (Apple daily, 2014) (ShingPao, 2014) In addition, social worker Wu Yi Ling from Harmony House said that in the statistic from police between 2011 to 2012, there are 500 married man were experienced in domestic violence, also, statistic from SWD in 2013 also show that there are 692 men were experienced in domestic violence which take 2% of the total domestic violence in Hong Kong, compare to 2012, it increased about 60%. Ms Wu also guess that this is only a few of abused men in Hong Kong since most of them have many hesitation to speak out, seek help and their awareness of domestic violence are weak that they do not think they were abused by their wives or girlfriends. Moreover, from their hotline experience, some cases do not ask for help because they want to maintain the complete family for their child and do not want their child get harm. It shows that men may have some fear from their wife but they can’t find anyplace that can provide them a safety environment to let them take care their children and avoid found by their wife. Actually in the past there is one men refuge in Hong Kong, however in 2005 it was closed. According to the news from oriental daily (2005), the only men refugee in Hong Kong cannot sustain their service since government stop renting the hostel to the organization and they need to use some container located at the farms for chicken as a temp address of the refugees, however the hygiene condition was not satisfy, so the 16 clients should be discharge and some of them may become homeless. Moreover, they criticized that government have gender stereotype in building refugee. From the above discussion, we can see that more and more cases of men suffer in domestic violence were discovered but it is common that they don’t seek help themselves. Although there are some Men’s hotlines provides by SWD, Caritas, Po Leung Kuk and Harmony House and even some group for them but there are no short-term confidential accommodation for them to had protect and men focused counseling service which they may need. Others Countries Similar to Hong Kong, according to the news from the Observer (2010), About two in five of all victims of domestic violence are men, contradicting the widespread impression that it is almost always women who are left battered and bruised. The charity’s analysis of statistics on domestic violence shows the number of men attacked by wives or girlfriends is much higher than thought. Its report, Domestic violence mostly sees as a female victim or male perpetrator problem, but from the statistic by Parity show that this is not true. They also said that that men assaulted by their partners are are almost invisible to the authorities such as the police and being ignored, since there are fewer refuges to flee men than women. Moreover, it is largely overlooked by the public or media, in official reports and in government policy, for example in the provision of refuge places in England and Wales are 7,500 for females but only 60 for men. Palmatier (2013) also stated that in the United States, there is only one shelter for male victims while approximately 1,800 shelters to women and their children. In Canada, there also a domestic violence shelter for men that was run by the late Earl Silverman. It seems that not only Hong Kong, but also others country underestimate the problems of abused men. The reason that the public does not aware the problems and the men do not recognize it may have different reason. Reason that Men doesn’t seek help by social constructs theory The basic assumptions of social constructionism, as described by Crawford