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Religion Terms Definition Paper

Religion Terms Definition Paper.

The goal is to write a definition of the term in the first sentence, then describe the further meaning of the term related to a dimension or two in the following sentences. (ritual, myth, doctrine, ethics, social life, etc).For example, Shabbat is the holy day of rest and worship each week in Judaism (or somethingclose to this). Then, describe the meaning of Shabbat related to myth (i.e., the creation,the messianic world to come), doctrine (i.e., monotheism), ethics (i.e., the following ofthe mitzvoth like dietary restrictions). You do not need all of these but develop 1 or 2 areas/meanings beyond the definition for a 5 out of 5 answer.
Write 3-4 sentences to define and describe the significance of the following terms of groups.
Kiva Hopi Blue Corn Kachinas Henotheism Six Directions Fourth World Shabbat Torah Tanakh Covenant Rabbi Mitzvot Reform Judaism Conservative Judaism Eucharist Sacraments Vatican Trinity Incarnation Protestants
Religion Terms Definition Paper

The Christian Commonwealth of Byzantium Essay. The Byzantine Empire was dominating the eastern Mediterranean region during ten centuries. The success of the Roman Empire’s eastern half depended on such aspects as the strategic geographical position of Constantinople as the capital city, the centralized authority based on the principle of caesaropapism, the power of the emperor, and the focus on the reorganization of the social and administrative system following the idea of the imperial provinces’ system (Bentley, Ziegler, and Streets-Salter 190). Much attention was paid to the promotion of the Christian tradition and the active political, economic, and cultural cooperation with the Slavic people from the Eastern Europe and Russia. Therefore, strong governmental structure and the progress of the Christian church contributed to Byzantine’s survival during many centuries. The Expansive Realm of Islam The teachings of Muhammad as the God’s prophet began to spread in the Arabian states during the seventh century C.E. The followers of Muhammad’s message became focused on living according to the Five Pillars of Islam which are the acknowledgement of Allah as the only God; the obligatory daily praying; the fast during the month of Ramadan; the necessity to support the poor; and the hajj and the pilgrimage to Mecca (Bentley, Ziegler, and Streets-Salter 209). The Muslims’ faith made them to spread Islam over the world, and the expansion of Islam resulted in the active development of societies and overland and maritime trade. The dissemination of Islam also led to the progress of communication between societies, and the Arabs’ inventions contributed to the progress of many cultures in the world. The Resurgence of Empire in East Asia China became the prosperous empire during the period of the 6th-13th centuries because of the effective rule of such dynasties as the Sui, Tang, and Song. The centralization of power and the focus on economy during the rule of the Sui dynasty led to the construction of the Grand Canal (Bentley, Ziegler, and Streets-Salter 225). The rulers from the Tang dynasty focused on supporting trade relations and on the development of the communication networks as well as on developing the bureaucracy of merit (Bentley, Ziegler, and Streets-Salter 225). The rulers from the Song dynasty improved the approaches to organizing the civil administration and military affairs (Bentley, Ziegler, and Streets-Salter 228). The use of advanced agricultural practices with the focus on irrigation systems and such inventions as printing, gunpowder, compass, and naval technologies improved the Chinese economic status. The economic progress and the promotion of Buddhism contributed to the spread of the Chinese influence in Korea and Vietnam. India and the Indian Ocean Basin In India, the postclassical period was characterized by many wars between small kingdoms. The characteristic features of the Indian kingdoms were the developed caste system, the agricultural growth, the development of the irrigation system, the extensive trade, the population growth, and the active urbanization. The maritime trade and the development of the communication systems in the Indian Ocean basin contributed to the economic progress of the Indian territories. One of the most interesting features of the cultural development in India was the spread of Buddhism and Hinduism along with Islam. The Arab conquerors and merchants contributed to the spread of Islam among the part of the Indian population significantly (Bentley, Ziegler, and Streets-Salter 245). Nomadic Empires and Eurasian Integration Living in the steppes of Asia, nomadic herders built specific trans-regional empires. The empires of the Turks and Mongols were most influential. The main feature of these empires was the focus on the military affairs and conquests. Having the developed skills in fighting on horseback, nomadic warriors tried to conquer vast Asian and European territories contributing to the significant territorial integration. The developed army was the main force in the empires of the Turks and Mongols, and the conquests of nomadic herders were numerous (Bentley, Ziegler, and Streets-Salter 260). The results of these conquests were the spread of Turks and Mongols’ rules and trade connections. States and Societies of Sub-Saharan Africa States of the sub-Saharan Africa developed according to the principles of the specific kin-based societies. These small states were known as chiefdoms, and their cores were the extended families (Bentley, Ziegler, and Streets-Salter 285). As a result, the trade between states began to develop only with the spread of Islam in the African states. The progress of iron metallurgy and the production of gold and ivory also contributed to the development of the camel caravan trade and long-distance trade. The important feature of the African people’s cultural life was the spread of Islam in states along with the support of the specific African religions and cults popular in tribes (Bentley, Ziegler, and Streets-Salter 288). Christian Western Europe during the Middle Ages During the Middle Ages, the states of the Western Europe developed with the focus on consolidation and centralization. Much attention was paid to supporting the role of the Roman church with the help of emphasizing the role of Papacy and meaning of crusades. The period was characterized by the economic growth of the European cities where manufactures, textile production, and guilds developed as well as trade and international connections. The specific feature of the period was the chivalry as a unique code of nobles’ ethics (Bentley, Ziegler, and Streets-Salter 309). The progress of the Roman church and monasticism also contributed to the development of schools, universities, and scholasticism. Worlds Apart: Beyond the Eastern Hemisphere The societies of the Americas and the Pacific Islands were primarily agricultural. The Indigenous people focused on agricultural production, hunting, gathering, and fishing in order to support their small societies. Such urban societies as the empires of Aztecs and the Incas were the most powerful political and social constructions in these isolated lands. Thus, the population of these lands was focused on the agricultural production, military affairs, and the development of the religious life (Bentley, Ziegler, and Streets-Salter 320). As a result, the Aztecs and the Incas built many temples and concentrated on educating future warriors. The representatives of the other isolated lands developed unique religious cults where human victims and other striking rituals were used. Reaching Out: Cross-Cultural Interactions Europe and Asia developed strong economic and cultural relations during the period of the 11th-15th centuries. Missionary campaigns contributed to the spread of different religious ideals over the world. The Islamic and Christian values were disseminated among various societies. The focus on the support of diplomatic connections and the European exploration contributed to the active trade between the Asian and European states. New trade routes were important for the exchange of goods, knowledge, technologies, and philosophical views (Bentley, Ziegler, and Streets-Salter 349). One more important feature of the period was the progress of the European culture during the period of the Renaissance. Works Cited Bentley, Jerry, Herbert Ziegler, Heather Streets-Salter. Traditions and Encounters: A Brief Global History, Vol. 1: To 1500. New York, NY: McGraw–Hill Publishing, 2010. Print. The Christian Commonwealth of Byzantium Essay
CU Relational Database System & NoSQL Database System Discussion.

Write 350 words.NoSQL is a term with many different definitions. The most popular definition is “NoSQL means Not only SQL,” which refers to many databases, such as Cassandra, Mongo, Neo4J, and Riak, and so forth, which are not following the relational data model. Instead, they are supporting the application-oriented aggregates, embracing schema-less data, running on the cluster platform, and often making the trade-off between the data consistency and other useful properties. Nevertheless, various NoSQL databases have demonstrated some distinct benefits including building applications running with better performance and are much more scalable, so that these databases have become a strong alternative of the relational database in many recently developed applications such as the big data analytics.Please first study the relevant content in course materials, and also investigate the library and Internet for information about the NoSQL, and then based on the results of your research to discuss the main difference between a relational database system and a NoSQL database system in the following aspects:Suitable applicationsSystem platformPlease also discuss the main reasons why NoSQL databases become emergent.
CU Relational Database System & NoSQL Database System Discussion

orginize an essay

orginize an essay. I need help with a English question. All explanations and answers will be used to help me learn.

i want you to orginize this essay on the following form:
Here is the main question that your essay should be focused on: What can be done about the snake
now? I gave you and Wenjiang some questions to help you develop information to answer
that question. Having looked at your draft, I see that you have lots of good information;
however, it lacks clear organization. Your discussion goes back and forth between fashion and
hunting, so what you need is a clear outline. This may help you to re-organize the information
you have. Remember, you have lots of good detail, but it needs more carefully organized. This
may help you.
1. Introduction – Your opening paragraph is fine – it gives basic information about the
snake’s natural history, but you need to connect it to your main question – the problem
this snake has created in the Everglades and what can be done about it. For example, I
could conclude your introduction this way: Yet despite being endangered in its native
Asian habitat because of hunting for its skin, the Burmese python is thriving in a
habitat it was never meant to occupy – the Florida Everglades. In fact, estimates of
its population there are anywhere from 30-100,000 and rising. And while this is
good news for the species, it has been an ecological disaster for the native species
that inhabit the Everglades. The rapid growth of this snake and its voracious
appetite has reduced populations of rabbits, opossums, raccoons, foxes, and all
manner of water birds by as much as 90% in areas where the snake thrives. And
since the Everglades is a good habitat for it – warm with lots of prey and no physical
barriers – what can be done to stop this snake’s growth in numbers and spread into
other areas of Florida and beyond? That could then lead in to your body
paragraphs about how to try to stop the damage it is causing by controlling this snake’s
a. The first way to reduce their numbers is to hunt them.
1) How has that operated so far? – Who has been hunting? (state-
sponsored hunts, individually licensed hunters) Why? How successful
has this hunting been? Why?
2) Did they get as many as they wanted? How many are out there? How
fast is their population growing?
3) What might be done to improve the hunting? (Could the state pay a lot
more/snake? Is this the only way to get more snakes?
b. Another way to motivate people to find and kill more pythons is through
selling snakeskins to the fashion industry.
4) How are pythons used now in fashion? How popular is it? How much
money is there in the business?
5) How many pythons are killed for this business? Where do they come
from (SE Asia)?
6) Could this be done in Florida’s Everglades? How? What are the
economics that could make that happen?
c. Is hunting enough? – Are there other ways to get them?
7) How fast are they reproducing? Is the number caught greater than the
reproduction rate?
8) Are there any techniques for finding these breeding females?
2. Does it have commercial value? Yes, indeed. The whole fashion business story. That
leads you to the questions of #2 – Does the python have any commercial value? Is it used
now commercially? If so, how? Could that motivate hunters to remove it from the
Everglades? So if it’s $$$ value can motivate hunters, then you have #3
3. Can it be hunted? How? Is hunting effective in reducing numbers? Does the state of
Florida sponsor organized hunts? How many have been caught, and what was done with
them? In general, what are the possibilities and difficulties of hunting it.
4. Finally, is hunting alone enough to control it? If not, then what else could help to control
it – disrupting its reproduction (using “tracker” male snakes to lead hunters to breeding
females)? Is that the only way to try to control it?
Burmese Pythons
Python bivitattus. This is the scientific name for the Burmese python. This type of python is found in Southeast Asia and is one of the largest species of reptiles there is on earth. It weighs up to 200lbs and has a lifespan of 20 to 25 years. Burmese pythons are carnivorous nature. They are characterized by chemical receptors in their tongues and heat sensors in their jaws. Both of which are used to stalk and kill their prey. In reproduction, the females lay eggs. The eggs are laid in batches of 100 eggs. They stay with their eggs for up to three months. There is an increasing demand for their skin and flesh. This increased demand for their skin and flesh has continually made their population decrease rapidly. They have even been put on the threatened species list. (National Geographic, 2010). The Burmese python is among the most traded pythons for their skin the most in Southeast Asia. (Russo, 2014).
Burmese pythons are very difficult to detect, especially in the wild. High densities of pythons, their accelerated and rapid rate of growth, perfect body conditions of pythons, and their large body size all suggest that pythons are consuming large numbers of native prey animals. It is, therefore, necessary to understand the ecological impacts pythons have on the habitat so as to protect the natural resources and in turn make protection of pythons a priority. (Pittman, et al., 2014). Burmese pythons are also found in Everglades, which is a national park in Florida. However, in this park, they are a threat to the rest of the wildlife. When it comes to controlling the population of the species, dogs are used, and they have a 73% more success rate compared to humans. The thick vegetation still poses as a barrier for the dogs. The risk of the dogs being attacked by the pythons is also a threat. Using dogs for tracking the pythons is also more expensive than using just human effort.
Tracking the pythons in water in the substrates with thick layers of limestone also makes it difficult for the dogs to do their work. Trapping a Burmese python is also not easy. Trapping is knowing the traditional way of capturing snakes. In capturing the snakes, drift fences are used. They should be erected in a way that the snakes cannot pass through them. However, the thick layers of limestone in the park do not make it any easy to erect the fence. Trapping is tedious and hectic, but it could work if the snakes are being captured on a small scale. Using bio methods to control the population of the snakes is slowly coming up. This involves the introduction of a virus which only affects the Burmese pythons. It is necessary to ensure that only the pythons can be affected otherwise other species will be affected as well. This method is also nonviolent to the snakes. Additionally, predators could be introduced to control the population. For example, jaguars have been known to control the population of anacondas in Southeast Asia. The use of bounty hunters is also being used as a way of controlling the population of the pythons. Many locals have taken up this offer since, in the process, they earn money. (Burmese pythons in Florida, 2019).
Another method of controlling the pythons is by using a thermal strategy. This strategy employs the skills of a hunter and a certified thermographer. The thermographer adjusts the camera settings, documentation of the data, and interpretation of any thermal signals. A drone operated by the team scans the area and the recon team determines the locations of the targets. Conditions surrounding the targets are also identified. A Zen muse aerial thermal camera powered by FLIR is what the removal team uses. For this phase a commercial thermal drone that can also record GPS data is paramount. This drone is used to confirm the target is a Burmese, better identify the conditions near the target, and confirm the location of nesting pythons; all this without disturbing the snake in the process, and with low human impact to the environment. When pythons are captured, they are euthanized by USNPS personnel. All python nests found in South Florida are also destroyed. ( Bruni, 2018).
Most of the exploited animals are usually caught from the wild. Others are reportedly “captive-bred,”. However, experts say that they are caught in the wild then laundered. The creatures are captured from the wild and put into boxes and go without food and water, prior to sale. Snakes are hit with a steel bar. The snakes are then hung by their heads and a hose is used to fill each with water as this makes it easier to peel their skin. Some snakes are still alive as their skins are peeled from their bodies; head to tail. Most of the skins, once processed, are sold and exported – mainly to Europe to be manufactured into garments, shoes, wallets, watchbands, and other fashion accessories. (Animal Welfare Institute, 2011). Attention has been put on Southeast Asia, although these animals are captured from all over the world. In April 2011, officials from gathered in Guangzhou, China, snake trade in Asia. Reports showed what they were afraid of: the practice is widely unregulated, therefore endangering the species. (Animal Welfare Institute, 2011).
Snakes often are skinned alive so as not to mar the skin and reduce their commercial value. (Indian Python, 2019). The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service has had an expenditure of more than $6 million since 2005. All this has been to try and find solutions to the problem of Burmese pythons. It has been reported that damages to the economy due to these species are about $120 billion per year in the United States. Agencies, for instance, National Park Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA); are in cahoots to prevent the species from spreading to the entire US. The Service and its partners have spent an average of about $720,000 annually on these efforts since 2005. The expenditure is as shown below;

The Service spent $604,656 in the design of traps for pythons.
$334,000 was on research and salaries. An additional $300,000 will go to the USDA’s Wildlife Services for nonnative large constrictor snake control activities.
The National Park Service has spent $317,000 annually on several programs, like eradicating snakes biologically from the park.

Many other endangered species are found in Florida and other states and territories that would be threatened by large constrictor snakes. Once the threat is eliminated, the species can then be recovered. (U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, 2012)
In the fashion industry, any statement piece is always desired, especially if it is from a renowned designer. There was a comeback of the snake print in 2011 at fashion shown from Milan all the way to New York. In these shows, some of the designers went with snake print patterns while other designers used actual skins of reptiles like the snake. The use of snake skins was quite a trend at that time and many designers bagged millions of dollars in the process. Traditionally, the early man used snakeskin to protect themselves and keep warm. In the present world, however, this is usually used as a decorative and statement piece. (Animal Welfare Institute, 2011). The use of python skin is becoming very controversial lately. Conservation of wildlife is becoming a major concern among the users of these fashion pieces. However, these concerns have started being confronted by the same industry. A large number of python skin is gotten from Southeast Asia. Most of this skin is usually ends up in the European fashion industry. Some of the designers and brands that end up with the skin are Prada, Dior, Chanel, Giorgio Armani; amongst others. The European fashion industry accounts for 96% of the value of the snakeskin trade. This percentage is approximately $1 billion, annually. Most of the pythons end up in the fashion industry either after being caught in the wild or after they have been bred while in captivity. (Russo, 2014). In the current fashion trends and the industry in general, snakeskin is used in making skirts, pants, shorts, amongst others; accessories like bows are even being made from snakeskin. Recently, a company known as Kering, which is behind some of the huge clothing brands like Alexander McQueen and Gucci, has established its own python farm. This farm is part of their move to improve the sustainability and standards of the environment. (The Guardian, 2017).
Commercially, many locals in Southeast Asia kill the Burmese pythons for money. Imports of snakeskin into Europe are also due to the high demand for its fashion products. It is difficult to determine where the skins come from due to poor regulations of the trade. The authors argue that in some locations, the methods used to kill the snakes are extremely cruel. To deal with snakeskin is considered such a high-end business. Half a million python skins are exported annually from South East Asia in a trade worth $1bn (£625m) a year. Naturally, illegal hunting of snakes is what most people live by. A villager might sell skin for $30, and the bag made from the same skin will go for $15,000.
The skin of 3-4 meters has the greatest demand. The issues are made worse by poorly enforced legislation. Illegally obtained skins were smuggled in cargoes. Due to many illegal practices in the python skin trade, their survival is at risk. People do not sympathize with snakes. Asians cannot be convinced that snake trade is not sustainable. The most common method used to kill them is striking them at the back of the skull. But in Vietnam, they are killed by filling them with air. It is just like suffocating them. After inflation, they suffocate and die. These ways are cruel yet there are more humane ways of doing it. According to Buddhist beliefs, this method was more humane than hitting the snakes or beheading them. (McGrath, 2012)
Hunters in Florida are paid $8.25 an hour to prowl the wetlands and earning on-the-spot bonuses that rise with the size of any snakes they fell. Pythons up to 4 feet long get you $50, with an additional $25 for every foot over 4 feet. Hunters can also make extra for bringing in a snake guarding eggs. (Charles, 2018)
In the fashion industry, there are claims that using snakeskin is endangering the lives of the snakes. Some fashion labels are even resulting in breeding the snakes themselves. A designer by the name Camille Zarsky started to look for these pythons so she could get snakeskin for her designs. This is because the pythons were in such large numbers in the Everglades Florida Park. Bizarre as it sounds, the problem is quite urgent. In January, the Florida Wildlife Commission invited 1,500 hunters, most of them amateurs, to embark on a “Python Challenge,” which offers cash prizes for the largest catches. (Professionals with permits can hunt the snakes year-round.) There is no accurate figure for the python population. She sees this as a chance to fix the python problem and to accentuate fashion designs. She wants to make an order for her bags made of natural skin in the range of $500 to $2,000. The Wildlife Commission wants to partner with big European luxury houses to discuss ways to monetize the snake problem. But though that is a possibility, it is at least a few years out. For one, the animals are difficult to catch in the murky swamps of the Everglades. January’s python challenge only yielded 68 snakes. But that has not stopped opportunists from trying to get ahead of the game. (Hines, 2013).
In the current state, all the 35,000 pythons used in the fashion industry are sourced from Asia. They are considered natives there. Although the snakes have a huge population in that part of the world, critics still oppose the killing of the pythons and also oppose the use of their skin for making fashion statements. This is because the exact population of the pythons is not known. Continual hunting of the pythons could actually be diminishing their population without actual knowledge of that. In a nutshell, the population of the python as it is is not adequately known but the snakes are still being used in the fashion industry. There is, however, the new practice where the fashion houses have their own snake farm where they rear the snakes and later use their skin for use in the fashion industry. (Hines, 2013). In conclusion, therefore, there is no shortage of supply of pythons in the fashion industry. The only barrier of sorts the industry is facing is activists of animal rights lobbying for the hunting to stop and if it should be done, it should be done in a controlled and monitored manner.
Currently, the pythons are being caught by hunters. These are the pythons out in the wild. These hunters have contracts with the fashion houses to sell the snake skins to them. They must, however, have licenses. Additionally, bounties are usually set and paid to the hunters when they kill the snakes. These are also seen as measures of controlling the python population. Catching snakes is not an easy task. The snakes are very long and heavy in weight. They can be caught using dogs, traps, or by modern ways. The dogs are able to sniff them out but at the same time, they are usually in danger of being attacked by the snakes. In addition to this, the wild has very thick and tall grass, and since the snakes are more used to it that the dogs, the snakes have an advantage and can outdo the dogs. In terms of trapping the snakes, the traps need to be really strong so they can adequately hold the snakes. The snakes should not have any opportunity of escaping or breaking free from the traps. The traps should also be able to neutralize the snakes so that they are not a threat to the hunters who come to get them from the traps. The technological ways of catching the snakes include the method of introducing a virus of using the thermographer; as earlier stated. Catching the snakes is not difficult for the hunters, if they have adequate experience and if they have adequate equipment for the same.
Snakeskin is considered to be a priced possession. This goes without saying for the clothes and the accessories it makes as well. Therefore, the hunters get great deals from selling the snake skins. Additionally, the hunters sell the snakeskin to high-end fashion designers who would pay any amount of money for the skin which is constantly on trend and on-demand. With money as the motivating factor, it is therefore correct to say that the snakeskin is motivating for people hunting them.
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IDS 3309 UOM Personal Pattern of Media Consumption Media Literacy Approach Discussion

professional essay writers IDS 3309 UOM Personal Pattern of Media Consumption Media Literacy Approach Discussion.

After reading Read Ch. 2: Media Literacy ApproachRead Issue #2: Sports in your textbook (pgs. 355-375) to prepare for Capstone ProjectFinish the discussion below:This assignment contributes to the Gordon Rule with Writing (GRW) requirement and will count as 15% towards your overall grade.To help you acknowledge the high degree of media exposure and the concept of multitasking, think about how many hours per day you spend on reading newspapers, reading magazines, listening to the radio, watching movies, watching television, surfing the Internet, playing video games, playing games on your cell phones.Analyze your daily media consumption honestly and critically. Respond to the following questions in essay format in APA style:How would you describe your pattern of media consumption?What media activities do you spend the most time doing?What is the total number of hours you spend consuming media content?How many hours include multitasking?How does your time-consuming media compare to the time you spend doing other things such as sleeping, eating, and exercising?Do you feel that your media consumption takes time away from doing other “important” things, such as doing homework, chores, work, etc.?What conclusions can you reach about the sources and perspective of your media content?What potential biases could you be exposed to?What recommendations would you make to broaden your menu of media consumption?Directions for Critical Thinking Activity #1:Word count: 400. Going under or over the word count will be counted against your overall grade for the assignment.You will need to provide up to 2 links of websites you visit frequently within the essay.Use Times New Roman size 12 pt. double-spaced.Essay can be written in first-person.Must use APA style.Submit it as a Word document ONLY.Essay should have proper punctuation, grammar, and structure. It should NOT be one huge paragraph. Practice the proper writing skills you learned in ENC 1101 & ENC 1102.View rubric to meet the expectations of the assignment.Similarity index within TurnItIn should be 25% or lower. Higher similarity indexes will receive an automatic zero.The following content is partner provided.After you post, please reply to two of your classmates as the response. Make sure that not only reply with agree, but with more independent thought in the content. At lease 100 words.
IDS 3309 UOM Personal Pattern of Media Consumption Media Literacy Approach Discussion

CHM 112 Northern Virginia College Freezing Point of Cyclohexane Lab Report

CHM 112 Northern Virginia College Freezing Point of Cyclohexane Lab Report.

In this experiment, the non-volatile solid solute is Biphenyl and Solvent is cyclohexane. You have to confirm the molar mass of the solute, using the colligative property of depression of freezing point.Data Collection and Data Analysis: Print out report sheet to conduct data analysis.The experiment has been conducted for you and you are given the data and example graphs.There are 3 Runs:Run 1 – pure solvent cyclohexane Run 2 – cyclohexane with 0.2198g of Biphenyl solute Run 3 – cyclohexane with 0.2033g Biphenyl soluteThe data sets and the example graphs can be seen in the excel sheet below. You will be adding your graphs to this file.Molar Mass Data Set Excel sheetKeep the Molar mass Data set excel sheet open in front of you. Breakdown of excel sheet:Sheet 1 is an example for data set and has graphs for both run 1 in blue (pure solvent cyclohexane) and run 2 in red (of solution -cyclohexane with 0.2198g Biphenyl – You can see the depression in freezing point in solution compared to that of pure solvent.Sheet 2 has the graph for run 1 onlySheet 3 has graph for run 2 , and also shows the lines of extrapolation used to find the freezing pointsSheet 4 – has the data set for the students. It has Run 1 (same as sheet 1 and 2) as well as run 3 (Cyclohexane with 0.2033g Biphenyl – Note that Run 3 has different amount of solute than in Run 2.What you are expected to do:Create Sheet 4. Plot the graph of Run 1 and Run 3 on Sheet 4 using Sheet 1 as an example. Both graphs should be on the same scale.Create sheet 5. Using the same scale as in previous graphs, plot a graph for Run 3 only. Pay attention to how Run 2’s plot was constructed for the best fit lines to be drawn. Watch the video below.Alternative to sheet 5 and extrapolating on excel – you are welcome to print out the graph from sheet 4 that was plotted with run 1 and 3, and draw the extrapolated line using ruler and pencilComplete the report sheet using the data of the freezing point temperature of Run 1 and Run 3 – under the data from extrapolation of graph.Use the data to complete the analysis to find the molar mass of the solid. YOU MUST SHOW COMPLETE CALCULATIONS, EQUATIONS AND CONVERSION FACTORSComplete postlab question 1Scan the report sheet, the graphs from sheet 4 and name them appropriately.Your Lab 4 Report should have purpose, well labeled graphs, Report sheet showing all data and calculations and Result.
CHM 112 Northern Virginia College Freezing Point of Cyclohexane Lab Report

Substance Abuse in Adults which cause loss of family/loved ones

Substance Abuse in Adults which cause loss of family/loved ones. Paper details choose an area of trauma that interests you the most and provide a thorough, literature informed analysis of a movie or YouTube or TED Talk that exemplifies that specific type of trauma. use four articles from the literature that will inform your understanding of that particular area of Trauma and use them in your analysis. You should reference our main text as well as the four articles you have chosen. The midterm includes the following: What is the exact nature of the traumatic experience How would you describe the traumatic experience using the ecological model – i.e. what are the social, cultural, interpersonal and intrapersonal aspects to the traumatic experience How would you describe the impact of the trauma in terms of neuropsychology, brain chemistry, affect regulation, and interpersonal relationships (See Footnote A)? Make sure to explain the trauma using material/information from the text as well as the lectures in the class. Help me to understand if the impact is more deactivating or hyper-activating or both (See Footnote B). Was the traumatic experience shock, strain or both? How has the individual tried to resolve the trauma? Footnote (A) When a person is not properly attuned to as a child, secure attachment and healthy connection do not occur. This trauma leads to the painful consequence of inter-relational disconnection. The goal in therapy for a person, who has suffered from the effects of trauma, abuse, lack of attunement, neglect, or some other form of emotional disregard, is to help that person find emotional regulation through the process of differentiation, with the ultimate goal of emotional integration. In terms of neuropsychology, when a person is integrated, emotional regulation is established. This occurs when the neural firing within an individual’s nervous system is in sync with his brain’s middle prefrontal areas, coordinating and balancing the diverse firing patterns. When integration is present, the acronym FACES can be used to identify the elements that will be in place within the individual. That is, an integrated individual will be Flexible, Adaptive, Coherent, Energized, and Stable (Siegel, 2010). A person lacking in integration will display symptoms of chaos and/or rigidity. Trauma hinders integration and unresolved trauma contributes to persistent chaos and rigidity and inflexibility to adapt to the circumstance of present interactions. Footnote (B) Psychological trauma can result from witnessing an event that is perceived to be life-threatening or to pose the potential of serious bodily injury to self or others. Such experiences, which are often accompanied by intense fear, horror, and helplessness, can lead to the development of, and are required for the diagnosis of, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).1 (Links to an external site.) It was originally thought that PTSD represented a normative response, at the extreme end of a response continuum, the severity of which related primarily to trauma/stressor intensity. However, it has become clear over time that the response of an individual to trauma depends not only on stressor characteristics, but also on factors specific to the individual.2 (Links to an external site.) For the vast majority of the population, the psychological trauma brought about by the experience of profound threat is limited to an acute, transient disturbance. Though transient, such reactions can be quite unpleasant and are typically characterized by phenomena that can be grouped for the most part into three primary domains: (i) reminders of the exposure (including flashbacks, intrusive thoughts, nightmares); (ii) activation (including hyperarousal, insomnia, agitation, irritability, impulsivity and anger); and (iii) deactivation (including numbing, avoidance, withdrawal, confusion, de-realization, dissociation, and depression). As these reactions are self-limiting by definition, in general they provoke minimal functional impairment over time. On the other hand, for a significant minority of the population, the psychological trauma brought about by the experience of profound threat leads to a longer-term syndrome that has been defined, validated, and termed PTSD in the clinical literature. PTSD is often accompanied by devastating functional impairment. references to use at LEAST 1 should be used Ringel, S. and Brandell J.R. (Eds.) (2012) Trauma: Contemporary Directions in Theory, Practice, and Research. Thousand Oaks, California: Sage Publications. Gil, E. (2006). Helping abused and traumatized children. New York, NY: The Guilford Press. Herman, J. (1996). Trauma and recovery. (2nd Ed.). New York, NY: Basic Books.Substance Abuse in Adults which cause loss of family/loved ones

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