Discussion 2: Statistical Significance and VariablesResearch studies often compare variables, conditions, times, and/or groups of participants to evaluate relationships between variables or differences between groups or times. For example, if researchers are interested in knowing whether an intervention produces change in the desired direction, they will want to know whether the change is due to chance (statistical significance) or possibly due to the intervention. In this case, researchers could use a pre and post measurement of the same participants on the condition being treated, or they could compare a group of individuals who receive the intervention to a group that does not receive the intervention. Researchers could also compare two groups of individuals who receive different interventions. The rigor of the research design helps control for other factors that might account for the changes (e.g., time, conditions, group differences in other factors, etc.). To prepare for this Discussion, consider the concept of statistical significance.By Day 5Post your explanation of how the difference between statistical significance and the true importance (clinical significance) of the relationship between variables or the degree of difference between groups affect your practice decision making. Be sure to include an explanation of what statistical significance means. Include an example from a quantitative study that found statistically significant differences. Discuss whether the results of the study would—or should—influence your practice as a social worker. Please use the resources to support your answer.
Southern New Hampshire University Statistical Significance and Variables Discussion
Message In the Gospel of Matthew Essay
What this Story Says About Jesus This Biblical story tells us about the end of the world. Jesus is speaking to his apostles about the last days. The passage encourages believers to keep watch and be ready for God’s second coming. Jesus uses the example of a thief who comes to steal at night. No knows when the unexpected thief might come (Duvall and Hays 18). This story explains why Jesus should be treated by God’s son. The Bible explains how God gave Christ a superior position than all human beings. He knows everything about the future. Christ is powerful because he is God’s son. He has the power to predict and prophesy the future. These verses encourage Christians to follow Christ’s message to see God’s kingdom. The “passages before these verses inform the reader about the last days” (Duvall and Hays 32). According to Jesus, the world will encounter great tribulations during the time. The Holy Bible encourages every believer to expect catastrophic signs such as food shortages, diseases, wars, earthquakes, and human disagreements (Duvall and Hays 43). The story is meaningful because it explains why every believer should be prepared. The passages go further to explain how God will punish and destroy the wicked during the time. The bible describes how Christ will rescue those who devoted their lives to their creator. According to the subsequent passages, “God will come to take the discreet slave” (Mathew 24: 45-47). The chapter encourages believers to follow God’s words because his prophesies are inevitable. The passage helps Christians to believe everything narrated by Jesus. The story tells us that Christ is God’s son. His “heavenly status” makes it easier for us to understand Jehovah’s messages and prophesies. This passage advises Christians to “keep watch and prepare themselves because the Lord is coming soon” (Duvall and Hays 46). The Writer’s Message to the Audience In the Gospel of Matthew, Christ uses different stories to say something meaningful to the readers. In Matthew (chapter 24), Jesus uses different stories and examples to inform the reader about God’s second coming. These passages encourage Christians to trust God’s words. This is necessary because every story in the Holy Bible help believers to be faithful. The passages explain why believers should focus on God’s predictions and prophesies. Jesus narrates these stories in a proper manner. The approach helps believers understand why no one is aware of the last days. He encourages “Christians to look for new signs at the end of the world” (Duvall and Hays 46). However, Jesus does not say anything about the last day. Believers should read these stories together. This will help them understand the message intended by the Gospel writer (Duvall and Hays 49). The smaller stories help the reader understand why God’s promises are inevitable. The stories deliver the intended message to the targeted Christians. The three stories narrated by Christ have several things in common. To begin with, the stories portray the powers possessed by the narrator. This explains why Jesus gives his prophesies about the end of the world. As well, the stories encourage believers to be prepared because Christ has always kept his promises. The story of the master’s servant explains why the end of the world is unpredictable. The parable of the talents shows how God will come to reward every person for his or her work on earth (Duvall and Hays 58). Jesus uses these stories to pass across his message. In conclusion, Christians should explore these stories carefully and attentively. This is necessary because they present the best information to everyone ready to see God’s kingdom. Works Cited Duvall, Scott, and J. Hays. Journey into God’s World: Your Guide to Understanding and Applying the Bible. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2008. Print.
University of Massachusetts Boston The Civil Rights Act of 1964 Discussion
order essay cheap University of Massachusetts Boston The Civil Rights Act of 1964 Discussion.
Length: Approx. 4 pagesFormat: *Double-spaced, 1-inch margins, 12-point (Times New Roman) font in MLA format. *Title centered over text*Works Cited page (does not count towards paper count)
Texts: Gregory, Defining Moments in Black History One peer-reviewed article Attached is the reading for gregory where the events mentioned appear
In Defining Moments in Black History, Gregory mentions many important events in the Civil Rights Movement (roughly spanning from 1950 to 1970). For this paper, you are asked to choose one of these moments to write about. In order to better understand the event you choose, you are also asked to find one peer-reviewed article.
Sources: Gregory, Defining Moments in Black History One peer-reviewed article of your choice
Skills: Analyzing other authors’ points and arguments. Applying authors’ ideas to your own writing. Analyzing how a specific event has influenced American society/culture.
Directions: In your paper, you will provide a critical analysis of a specific moment by exploring how you feel this event has helped shape or influence racial relations in America. To do so, you will work closely with both Gregory’s Defining Moments and your peer-reviewed article. Here is a list of events that you can choose from:Rosa Parks’s refusal to give up her seat on a bus and/or the Montgomery Bus BoycottThe murder of Emmett Till and/or Medgar EversThe Little Rock NineThe Congress of Racial Equality (CORE)Plessy v. FergusonThe Civil Rights Act of 1964The Voting Rights Act of 1965MLK or Malcolm X’s Assassinations
Start by describing how Gregory describes the event. What does he choose to focus on in his narrative? Does he leave anything out? Next, compare Gregory’s approach to the approach of your scholarly article. Does the article reveal something about this event that Gregory leaves out? Does Gregory reveal something about this event that the article leaves out?
Next, based on what you have read and what we have discussed in class, what is the significance of this event to you? How do you think this event has helped shape race relations in our nation? Do you feel we can draw any important lessons from this event? Does Gregory or the author your article give us some clues to why this event is important? How have these two sources affected your perspective on this event?
In your paper, you will answer some of the following questions: What does this moment tell us about race relations in America?How does Gregory respond to this moment? How does the author of your peer-reviewed article respond to this moment? Do the two differ? Do you see any differences between a scholarly, peer-reviewed text vs. Gregory’s more informal approach?Based on what you know from our class readings/discussions and from your research, how has this moment helped shape America today? What are your own thoughts on this moment? Do you think it has helped or hurt race relations? Are there any lessons we can draw from it?
University of Massachusetts Boston The Civil Rights Act of 1964 Discussion
Fundamental Patterns Of Knowing Nursing Essay
Share this: Facebook Twitter Reddit LinkedIn WhatsApp The kind of knowledge developed, how to organize, test, and apply in an area of specialization is determined by the general conception of the field. The knowledge that serves as the basic guidance has pattern, forms, and professional structures which act as the benchmark expectation in achieving success in service delivery. Therefore understanding these basic patterns is essential for learning and teaching nursing since they involve critical analysis of questions about what is meant by knowing and what kinds of knowledge in nursing are regarded to be of high value in terms of discipline in nursing. Nursing practice involves use of different types of knowledge. The course has provided me valuable insights into the nature and development of nursing knowledge. In an epistemological study of nursing knowledge, Carper identifies four fundamental patterns of knowing from the analysis of the conceptual and the syntactical of nursing knowledge (Jacobs, 1998). The patterns includes: The empirics, which is the science of nursing, esthetics, defined as the art of nursing, the concept of personal knowledge in nursing, and ethics, which is the concept of moral knowledge in nursing practice. In this paper, I intend to explain and explore personal knowing as an example of nursing knowledge and its contribution to nursing practice, especially with older adults. This topic is personally relevant as I work in geriatrics. In the future, I plan to continue working with the geriatric population as a nurse educator. Understanding of these patterns of knowing has the potential of expanding my basic knowledge and therefore positively influences my future nursing practice. In recent years nurses have employed a wide range of theoretical and practical knowledge in delivering healthcare services due to increased need for new strategies of solving modern health issues. Nursing knowledge therefore is means for achieving appropriate care for patients. With the increasing challenges and the need to and the need to resolve them, there has been the need for nurses to explore their professional beliefs to discard outdated concepts and consequently develop new and adequate knowledge to competently care for their patients. The knowledge of new strategies for patient’s care will thus enable the nurse to justify their actions or stop poor practices. Nursing knowledge can be obtained from scientific evidence through research and evaluation, it can also be drawn from experience after a period of working, and the knowledge can also be personally derived from understanding. Scientific knowledge in nursing can be acquired through research enquiry. Although the generation of scientific knowledge from research is widely accepted and used due to its practical evidence, nurses also use experiences gained through personal learning. In contrast, many writers have suggested frameworks which describe knowledge as being generated through past experience and personal understanding. Personal knowledge is the most controversial pattern of knowing in nursing practice since it is difficult to master and teach. In contrast, personal knowledge is the most essential and effective in understanding the meaning of individual well-being in terms of health. Since nursing mainly involves developing relationships through interactions and transactions between the nurse and patients, it is evident that the quality of nurse-patient interaction has a bearing on the patient coping or overcoming the illness referred to as the ‘therapeutic use of self’ by the nurse. It is therefore important how nurses view themselves and their patients which can assist nurses to effectively integrate both formal scientific and informal therapies to patient treatment. Personal knowledge in nursing is the individual knowledge which is acquired through personal involvement in situations and events with patients. It is also associated with knowing, encountering and concrete self actualization in working place. Personal knowledge can be acquired through experience, trial of different approaches with unknown outcomes, and progressive practical learning through keen observation. Like scientific knowledge, personal knowledge can also be practically acquired and the gained knowledge forms part of nurse services to patients. The knowledge is usually without formal documentation or scientific research analysis but is based on individual’s own understanding of the health issue and their most ideal approach for solving the problem. The importance of personal knowledge is that the knowledge is gained voluntarily without major efforts in referring to documented concepts and procedures which may be difficult to understand. Nurses therefore can use their own logical judgments to effectively handle varied client health problems. Personal knowing is also important since it allows nurses to be more innovative and confident in their work. This is important in creating positive patient-nurse relationship which can make the patients to trust in treatments given by the nurse. Personal knowing creates flexibility in handling patient’s problems, new ways which are invented are usually more efficient and less time consuming compared with the traditional scientific knowledge. Therefore they help nurses save time and attend to the needs of more patients within short time. Some personal knowing techniques like story telling to patients have since been included in training of nurses. The strategy has widely been accepted due to its positive impacts on patient’s recovery. The concept of personal knowing creates a favorable working environment for nurses and thus enables them to develop a positive attitude towards their job. Although they observe their work ethics, nurses are offered a free environment where they can integrate practical training, scientific theory, and knowledge gained through their interaction with clients. Such favorable work environment promotes effective healthcare delivery by allowing easy flow of information between doctors and nurses. In addition, since healthcare sector is highly dynamic field, new challenges which require new strategies are frequently met. Some of these challenges cannot be handled by scientific knowledge alone. As a result, personal knowledge can be used to explore and design solutions. In Gerontological and counseling centers where patient’s care does not entirely involve scientific diagnosis, individual knowledge of the problem is employed to determine the nature of the problem and appropriate action initiated. However, personal knowing is not universally accepted and various health institutions design their own strict protocols which guide their operations and service delivery. This is to protect the welfare of both their clients and staff. Nurses are state registered health workers who are bound by laws and code of ethics set by government. Like the name suggest, personal knowing is an informal personal way of understanding situations and are thus may be deemed illegal. In addition, they may be prone to mistake which may cause serious heath problem to patients while cause legal penalties to the nurse. As a result strategies developed from personal knowing remains minimally encouraged in the health sector. Since they are informal in nature, nurses may acquire effective knowledge on a particular health concern and fail to master the procedure for future use. Personal knowing may therefore cause inconsistent therapy procedures which can be questioned by patients or lead to lose of trust in the nurse. Consequently, this can cause poor patient-nurse relationship which both affects healthcare delivery, patient recovery, and to an extent institution’s reputation. Share this: Facebook Twitter Reddit LinkedIn WhatsApp
Food and Well Being Essay
The idea of food and well being is regarded as an important one. Families consume food without having the slightest idea of how it is produced or what effects meals may have on their health. The truth is that in the modern world, there are numerous stages the food has to come through from the time it has been produced in order to reach our cooking pots. The point is that too much food can indeed have impacts on the health and lives of the generation who have no clue about the real state of affairs. Using various articles, the idea of food and well being is often discussed in detail. Power Steer is the title of the first article which was written by Michael Pollan. Power steer refers to the name of one of the steers that Michael decides to purchase from the Blair brothers. This article dwells on the beef production industry in the United States of America. Modern economics has forced most beef producers to consider using brand new ways of cattle production that were not used in the old days. Cattle then were solely raised and fed with grass. However, nowadays cattle farmers who intend to meet the demands of the market have chosen to produce cattle reared on corn and other protein supplements. As a result, there appeared fattened beef cattle being raised within only 12-16 months. Grass-fed cattle take 2-3 years to mature (Pollan 2). The idea for the market is doubling up on the numbers of cattle within a short period of time to feed the millions of people who depend on meat. The author, however, poses a question. Are we aware how the meat we buy in the supermarkets is produced? Do we know the effects of eating corn bred cattle beef? Beef that has been bred on grass is healthier and safer for consumption as compared to corn bred beef which is sold on most of the supermarket shelves. Corn beef contains too much omega six fats which cause various diseases compared to grass bred cattle beef which has healthier omega three fats. The choice for eating beef depends entirely on us. We choose our well being by knowing what we eat. Plenty is the title of the second article which was written by Alisa Smith and Mackinnon. Similar to the first article, it highlights the issue of food and how safe the food that we consume is (Smith and Mackinnon 1).The basic idea of this article as put forth by the writers is on the importance of eating locally produced food. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The question set by them is how safe the food we cook is that usually travels thousands of miles to reach its consumers? While eating people are not only able to trace the production of the food but they can know how it is produced. Food and well being presuppose eating and knowing how it is produced. There are food poems that touch on the theme of food. Their essence is focused on the happiness brought about by eating food. The first poem by William Carlos is about the joy the person experiences while eating plums (Kool). The second poem by Lucille highlights the process of preparing food in the pot (Kool). Levine’s poem is about a person who regards consumers as those who do not know what food they eat and how it is produced (Kool). Works Cited Kool, J. Poems: Food and Well-Being. New York: Cusp