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Relationship with Your Loved Brands Nike Brand Story & Zara Story Discussion

Relationship with Your Loved Brands Nike Brand Story & Zara Story Discussion.

InstructionsPart-2 of your individual assignment: Your relationship with your loved brands (maximum one page for each brand) (5 Marks) Reflect on the relationship you have with your beloved brands and answer following questions for both FMCG and CD brands:1. How you view, relate to and connect with your both loved brands?2. What could the brand managers of both brands do with the information provided by you in response to Question 1?CLOs being assessed: Following course learning outcomes will be assessed through this assessment:Create key elements of brand architecture including the brand promise, brand purpose, brand identity, and brand reputation Work-ready deliverables: Customer Brand RelationshipsFollowing resources will be helpful for this assessments:The Brand Relationship Spectrum: The Key to the Brand Architecture Challenge. By Aaker, D. A., & Joachimsthaler, E. (California Management Review 42.4 (2000), 8–23)This reading can be found and purchased at the CMR website, under brand-person relationships: Three life histories. By Susan Fournier ( Have Humanlike Relationships with Brands, Pao‐Long, and Ming‐Hua Chieng. “Building consumer–brand relationship: A cross‐cultural experiential view.” Psychology & Marketing 23, no. 11 (2006): 927-959.Swaminathan, Vanitha, Karen L. Page, and Zeynep Gürhan-Canli. ““My” brand or “our” brand: The effects of brand relationship dimensions and self-construal on brand evaluations.” Journal of consumer research 34, no. 2 (2007): 248-259.Above is the requirements for assignment 2Attached is my assignment 1, please have a review and changed my second loved brand “Zara” to another brand. Thank you.
Relationship with Your Loved Brands Nike Brand Story & Zara Story Discussion

Working in Groups and Teams, management homework help.

Title of the essay
Working in Groups and Teams
Write a 1,050-word paper in which you address the following:
1. Do you agree with your results?
2. Based on your self-assessment, what do you see as your strengths and weaknesses regarding working on a team?
3. Have you ever engaged in social loafing while on a team? Why or why not?
4. How does working effectively on a team give you an advantage in the workplace?
5. How do groups normally develop?
6. How does the effectiveness of the team members influence the group’s development process?
Points to be evaluated
1. The paper is 1050 words in length.
2. Paper discusses main objectives
3. Major points are stated clearly and are supported by specific details, examples, or analysis.
4. Paper includes at least one reference and in-text citations.
This is the book must have at least one in-text citation
“Organizational Behavior: A Practical, Problem-Solving Approach
Angelo Kinicki, 1 edition.”
Kinicki, A., & Fugate, M. (2016). Organizational Behavior: A Practical Problem-Solving Approach. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill
No Wikipedia sources, Course Hero, or UK or London essays
These are my results of the text
Contributing to the Team’s Work
Score : 25 pts. Feedback: High contribution
Interacting with Teammates
Score : 30 pts. Feedback: High level of interaction
Keeping the Team on Track
Score: 24 pts. Feedback: Highly skilled at keeping on track
Expecting Quality
Score: 14 pts. Feedback: High quality expectations
Having Relevant Knowledge, Skills, and Abilities (KSAs)
Score: 8 pts. Feedback: Highly relevant knowledge and skills
Feedback Score:
Score: 101 pts.
Range-based Feedback:
84 – 105 pts.
Feedback: Highly effective team member

Working in Groups and Teams, management homework help

MIS480 Option #1: Capstone Project—Business Intelligence Solution for U.S. Organization.

I’m working on a data analytics multi-part question and need an explanation to help me learn.

I’m choosing Aflac as my company for this project. The Capstone Project has four deliverables: a written BI solution, a presentation, an oral presentation, and a Self-Evaluation for the Capstone Project.You have been hired as a consultant to present a BI solution for a U.S. Organization. The organization is interested in using business intelligence to help with strategic decision making and has asked you to demonstrate how BI tools can improve data analysis for issues or new theories. You will provide a written report as well as an oral presentation and recording to demonstrate how you would present your proposed BI solution to stakeholders of the U.S. Organization.Your written BI solution should include:Organization background and rationale for choosing it.Description of business problem or new theory that will be addressed.Explanation of data set chosen and how data can be accessed in real-time.Description of BI tool(s) used to perform data analytics.Explanation of code or functions used to evaluate data to perform different analytics types.Description of data visualization tools (reports, dashboards, query) to communicate and display data analytics results.Discussion of data analytics outcomes and benefits of using business intelligence.Programming code and screenshots of data analysis outcomes, including the upload to GitHub.Your written BI solution must be seven to ten pages in length in addition to a title and reference page and conform to the CSU Global Writing Center (Links to an external site.). Include at least five scholarly references in addition to the course textbook. The CSU Global Library (Links to an external site.) is a good place to find these references.Your BI Solution presentation should include:15-20 slides with speaker notes on each slide.A Reference slide with at least five scholarly or peer-reviewed sources. The CSU Global Library (Links to an external site.) is a good place to find these references.Your presentation must be well-written and conform to the CSU Global Writing Center (Links to an external site.). For guidance on preparing a visual presentation, visit the library’s resources. (Links to an external site.)
MIS480 Option #1: Capstone Project—Business Intelligence Solution for U.S. Organization


Task1:Write an essay of at least 500 words discussing the reasons for the two new auditing roles in Oracle 12c. Why did Oracle consider them necessary? What problems do they solve? How do they benefit companies? Do not copy without providing proper attribution. This paper will be evaluated through SafeAssign. Write in essay format not in outline, bulleted, numbered or other list format. Use the five paragraph format. Each paragraph must have at least five sentences. Include 3 quotes with quotation marks and cited in-line and in a list of references. Include an interesting meaninful title.Include at least one quote from each of 3 different articles, place the words you copied (do not alter or paraphrase the words) in quotation marks and cite in-line (as all work copied from another should be handled). The quotes should be full sentences (no more, less) and should be incorporated in your discussion (they do not replace your discussion) to illustrate or emphasize your ideas.Cite your sources in a clickable reference list at the end. Do not copy without providing proper attribution (quotation marks and in-line citations).It is important that you use your own words, that you cite your sources, that you comply with the instructions regarding length of your submission Do not use spinbot or other word replacement software. It usually results in nonsense and is not a good way to learn anything. I will not spend a lot of my time trying to decipher nonsense. Proof read your work or have it edited. Find something interesting and/or relevant to your work to write about. Please do not submit attachments unless requested.Task2:words:500Consider this hypothetical situation:David Doe is a network administrator for the ABC Company. David is passed over for promotion three times. He is quite vocal in his dissatisfaction with this situation. In fact, he begins to express negative opinions about the organization in general. Eventually, David quits and begins his own consulting business. Six months after David’s departure, it is discovered that a good deal of the ABC Company’s research has suddenly been duplicated by a competitor. Executives at ABC suspect that David Doe has done some consulting work for this competitor and may have passed on sensitive data. However, in the interim since David left, his computer has been formatted and reassigned to another person. ABC has no evidence that David Doe did anything wrong.What steps might have been taken to detect David’s alleged industrial espionage?What steps might have been taken to prevent his perpetrating such an offense?Write your answer using a WORD document. Do your own work. Submit here. Note your Safe Assign score. Score must be less than 25 for full credit.You have three attempts.

reflection to get out

reflection to get out.

“Get Out” falls into at least two genres: science fiction and horror. Science fiction shows the speculative situations that human beings utilize science and technology. When science and technology are no longer under human’s control, they would become the horror. The uncontrollable robot, the unpredictable technology from and in the outer space, the aliens that have higher intelligence than human beings, the missing and manipulated memories and dreams are all the horrors of this type. However, in “Get Out,” the horror comes from the intention to control instead of the out-of-control situations. Science and technology can be useful to the ones utilizing them (ex: resisting aging and gaining a stronger and healthier physical body) and at the same time threatening and lethal to others (ex: losing consciousness and being stolen the brain). Here, we see that there are (at least) two human subjects in science fiction. One of them does not only intend to control but also dominates the power and tools to control, whereas another is destined to be controlled. If we borrow Fanon’s idea, we can say that the former subject is actional, and the latter is reactional. Fanon also says that human should not be just reactional. A person is merely reactional and passive because he is arbitrarily defined by the social norms as not being able to be actional and active. In other words, a not-actional person is considered not-fully-human or not-qualified-as-human. We can say that while the first human subject is with no doubt recognized by the social norms as Human (with the capital “H”), the second human subject is the human (without the capital “H”) of disability. S/he is not able to be actional or control the environment and other living beings with science and technology. Thinking with Sylvia Wynter’s idea, we can say that the second human subject is being wrongly represented by the first Human subject. The Human subject is the overrepresented Man that erases the other possibilities of being human. Usually, we don’t object to the idea that science and technology define what it means to be human, but we very often lack a critical vision to the subject who is using science and technology. In “Sorry to Bother You,” we find that a certain kind of subject uses his own body technology to mimic the standard human’s voice and make himself more human. In “Get Out,” we find that the body technology is utilized to achieve a certain kind of physical evolution for individuals as well as collective. Science and technology always carry a specific worldview, culture, and system of thinking and relating. Rather than universalizing science and technology and the Human subject using them, we need to historicize and specify them all. Who is the subject using science and technology? Is this subject being understood as Human, subhuman, or non-human? Can a subhuman or a non-human use science and technology? If they can, does it mean that science and technology are no longer exclusively Human’s civilization? How do they connect their bodies (and minds, of course,) to science and technology differently from the norms?
reflection to get out

Columbus State Community College Enhancing Quality and Safety Nursing Question

assignment writing services Columbus State Community College Enhancing Quality and Safety Nursing Question.

Assessment 1 Instructions: Enhancing Quality and SafetyFor this assessment, you will develop a 3-5 page paper that examines a safety quality issue pertaining to medication administration in a health care setting. You will analyze the issue and examine potential evidence-based and best-practice solutions from the literature as well as the role of nurses and other stakeholders in addressing the issue.Health care organizations and professionals strive to create safe environments for patients however, due to the complexity of the health care system, maintaining safety can be a challenge. Since nurses comprise the largest group of health care professionals, a great deal of responsibility falls in the hands of practicing nurses. Quality improvement (QI) measures and safety improvement plans are effective interventions to reduce medical errors and sentinel events such as medication errors, falls, infections, and deaths. A 2000 Institute of Medicine (IOM) report indicated that almost one million people are harmed annually in the United States, (Kohn et al., 2000) and 210,000–440,000 die as a result of medical errors (Allen, 2013).The role of the baccalaureate nurse includes identifying and explaining specific patient risk factors, incorporating evidence-based solutions to improving patient safety and coordinating care. A solid foundation of knowledge and understanding of safety organizations such as Quality and Safety Education for Nurses (QSEN), the Institute of Medicine (IOM), and The Joint Commission and its National Patient Safety Goals (NPSGs) program is vital to practicing nurses with regard to providing and promoting safe and effective patient care.You are encouraged to complete the Identifying Safety Risks and Solutions activity. This activity offers an opportunity to review a case study and practice identifying safety risks and possible solutions. We have found that learners who complete course activities and review resources are more successful with first submissions. Completing course activities is also a way to demonstrate course engagement. Demonstration of ProficiencyBy successfully completing this assessment, you will demonstrate your proficiency in the following course competencies and assessment criteria:Competency 1: Analyze the elements of a successful quality improvement initiative. Explain evidence-based and best-practice solutions to improve patient safety focusing on medication administration and reducing costs.Competency 2: Analyze factors that lead to patient safety risks. Explain factors leading to a specific patient-safety risk focusing on medication administration.Competency 4: Explain the nurse’s role in coordinating care to enhance quality and reduce costs. Explain how nurses can help coordinate care to increase patient safety with medication administration and reduce costs.Identify stakeholders with whom nurses would need to coordinate to drive quality and safety enhancements with medication administration. Competency 5: Apply professional, scholarly, evidence-based strategies to communicate in a manner that supports safe and effective patient care. Communicate using writing that is clear, logical, and professional with correct grammar and spelling using current APA style.ReferencesAllen, M. (2013). How many die from medical mistakes in U.S. hospitals? Retrieved from, L. T., Corrigan, J., & Donaldson, M. S. (Eds.). (2000). To err is human: Building a safer health system. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.Professional ContextAs a baccalaureate-prepared nurse, you will be responsible for implementing quality improvement (QI) and patient safety measures in health care settings. Effective quality improvement measures result in systemic and organizational changes, ultimately leading to the development of a patient safety culture.ScenarioConsider the hospital-acquired conditions that are not reimbursed under Medicare/Medicaid, some of which are specific safety issues such as infections, falls, medication errors, and other concerns that could have been prevented or alleviated with the use of evidence-based guidelines.Choose a specific condition of interest surrounding a medication administration safety risk and incorporate evidence-based strategies to support communication and ensure safe and effective care.For this assessment:Analyze a current issue or experience in clinical practice surrounding a medication administration safety risk and identify a quality improvement (QI) initiative in the health care setting.InstructionsThe purpose of this assessment is to better understand the role of the baccalaureate-prepared nurse in enhancing quality improvement (QI) measures that address a medication administration safety risk. This will be within the specific context of patient safety risks at a health care setting of your choice. You will do this by exploring the professional guidelines and best practices for improving and maintaining patient safety in health care settings from organizations such as QSEN and the IOM. Looking through the lens of these professional best practices to examine the current policies and procedures currently in place at your chosen organization and the impact on safety measures for patients surrounding medication administration, you will consider the role of the nurse in driving quality and safety improvements. You will identify stakeholders in QI improvement and safety measures as well as consider evidence-based strategies to enhance quality of care and promote medication administration safety in the context of your chosen health care setting.Be sure that your plan addresses the following, which corresponds to the grading criteria in the scoring guide. Please study the scoring guide carefully so that you know what is needed for a distinguished score.Explain factors leading to a specific patient-safety risk focusing on medication administration.Explain evidence-based and best-practice solutions to improve patient safety focusing on medication administration and reducing costs.Explain how nurses can help coordinate care to increase patient safety with medication administration and reduce costs.Identify stakeholders with whom nurses would coordinate to drive safety enhancements with medication administration.Communicate using writing that is clear, logical, and professional, with correct grammar and spelling, using current APA style.Additional RequirementsLength of submission: 3-5 pages, plus title and reference pages.Number of references: Cite a minimum of 4 sources of scholarly or professional evidence that support your findings and considerations. Resources should be no more than 5 years old.APA formatting: References and citations are formatted according to current APA style.Portfolio Prompt: Remember to save the final assessment to your ePortfolio so that you may refer to it as you complete the final Capstone course.SCORING GUIDEUse the scoring guide to understand how your assessment will be evaluated.Resources: Collaboration and LeadershipCollaboration and LeadershipFalls, E., & Hensel, D. (2012). Characteristics that perinatal nurse managers desire in new nurse hires. The Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing, 43(4), 182–187.This article may be helpful with identifying ways to coordinate and lead quality and safety measures related to the assessment.McInnes, S., Peters, K., Bonney, A., & Halcomb, E. (2015). An integrative review of facilitators and barriers influencing collaboration and teamwork between general practitioners and nurses working in general practice. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 71(9), 1973–1985.This literature review may be a useful source for evidence and best practices to integrate into your assessment.Strech, S., & Wyatt, D. A. (2013). Partnering to lead change: Nurses’ role in the redesign of health care. AORN Journal: The Official Voice of Perioperative Nursing, 98(3), 260–266.This article examines competencies that may help nurses collaborate more effectively to improve patient outcomes.Resources: Quality Improvement InitiativesQuality Improvement InitiativesAllison, J. (2016). ;Ideas and approaches for quality-assessment and performance-improvement projects in ambulatory surgery centers. ;AORN Journal, 103(5), 483–488.This article focuses on approaches and indicators customary to the services and operations of an ambulatory surgery center, going beyond reviewing data from routine outcome measures and explaining the effect these ideas can have on improving quality of care.Coles, E., Wells, M., Maxwell, M., Harris, F. M., Anderson, J., Gray, N. M., . . . MacGillivray, S. (2017).; The influence of contextual factors on healthcare quality improvement initiatives: What works, for whom and in what setting? Protocol for a realist review. ;Systematic Reviews, ;6, 168–178. Retrieved from…This article examines ways in which the context of a quality improvement initiative plays a role in its success or failure and should help you consider the context of your proposed quality improvement initiative.Institute for Healthcare Improvement. (n.d.). ;Reliability series part 1: What is reliability? ;[Video]. ;Retrieved from…This video discusses the relationship between reliability and quality in health care.Lawton, R., Carruthers, S., Gardner, P., Wright, J., & McEachan, R. R. C. (2012). ;Identifying the latent failures underpinning medication administration errors: An exploratory study. ;Health Services Research, 47(4), 1437–1459.This examination of underlying systemic causes of medication errors may be useful as you consider QI best practices and ways to coordinate care to increase safety and quality.Quality and Safety EducationDolansky, M. A., & Moore, S. M. (2013). Quality and safety education for nurses (QSEN): The key is systems thinking. Online Journal of Issues in Nursing, 18(3), 71–80.The need for implementing systemic quality improvement practices to improve patient safety and quality is discussed in this article.Lyle-Edrosolo, G., & Waxman, K. (2016). Aligning healthcare safety and quality competencies: Quality and safety education for nurses (QSEN), the Joint Commission, and American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC) Magnet® standards crosswalk. Nurse Leader, 14(1), 70–75.This article attempts to align the language used in three quality and safety standards and reduce confusion for health care professionals.Masters, K. (2016). Integrating quality and safety education into clinical nursing education through a dedicated education unit. Nurse Education in Practice, 17, 153–160. doi:10.1016/j.nepr.2015.12.002Masters discusses how nursing students’ participation in a dedicated safety and quality educational unit resulted in higher project evaluations than those of students who participated in traditional clinical rotations.Rosenblum, R. K., & Sprague-McRae, J. (2014). Using principles of quality and safety education for nurses in school nurse continuing education. The Journal of School Nursing, 30(2), 97–102.This article, which examines evidence-based and best-practice strategies for improving the care offered by school nurses, may help you identify useful strategies for your assessment.Assessment 4 Instructions: Improvement Plan Tool KitFor this assessment, you will develop a Word document or an online resource repository of at least 12 annotated professional or scholarly resources that you consider critical for the audience of your safety improvement plan, pertaining to medication administration, to understand or implement to ensure the success of the plan.Communication in the health care environment consists of an information-sharing experience whether through oral or written messages (Chard, Makary, 2015). As health care organizations and nurses strive to create a culture of safety and quality care, the importance of interprofessional collaboration, the development of tool kits, and the use of wikis become more relevant and vital. In addition to the dissemination of information and evidence-based findings and the development of tool kits, continuous support for and availability of such resources are critical. Among the most popular methods to promote ongoing dialogue and information sharing are blogs, wikis, websites, and social media. Nurses know how to support people in time of need or crisis and how to support one another in the workplace; wikis in particular enable nurses to continue that support beyond the work environment. Here they can be free to share their unique perspectives, educate others, and promote health care wellness at local and global levels (Kaminski, 2016).You are encouraged to complete the Determining the Relevance and Usefulness of Resources activity prior to developing the repository. This activity will help you determine which resources or research will be most relevant to address a particular need. This may be useful as you consider how to explain the purpose and relevance of the resources you are assembling for your tool kit. The activity is for your own practice and self-assessment, and demonstrates course engagement.DEMONSTRATION OF PROFICIENCYBy successfully completing this assessment, you will demonstrate your proficiency in the following course competencies and assessment criteria:Competency 1: Analyze the elements of a successful quality improvement initiative. Analyze usefulness of resources for role group responsible for implementing quality and safety improvements with medication administration.Competency 2: Analyze factors that lead to patient safety risks. Analyze the value of resources to reduce patient safety risk or improve quality with medication administration.Competency 3: Identify organizational interventions to promote patient safety. Identify necessary resources to support the implementation and sustainability of a safety improvement initiative focusing on medication administration.Competency 5: Apply professional, scholarly, evidence-based strategies to communicate in a manner that supports safe and effective patient care. Present compelling reasons and relevant situations for resource tool kit to be used by its target audience.Communicate in a clear, logically structured, and professional manner, using current APA style and formatting.ReferencesChard, R., Makary, M. A. (2015). Transfer-of-care communication: Nursing best practices. AORN Journal, 102(4), 329-342.Kaminski, J. (2016). Why all nurses can/should be authors. Canadian Journal of Nursing Informatics, 11(4), 1-7.PROFESSIONAL CONTEXTNurses are often asked to implement processes, concepts, or practices – sometimes with little preparatory communication or education. One way to encourage sustainability of quality and process improvements is to assemble an accessible, user-friendly tool kit for knowledge and process documentation. Creating a resource repository or tool kit is also an excellent way to follow up an educational or in-service session, as it can help to reinforce attendees’ new knowledge as well as the understanding of its value. By practicing creating a simple online tool kit, you can develop valuable technology skills to improve your competence and efficacy. This technology is easy to use, and resources are available to guide you.SCENARIOFor this assessment, consider taking one of these two approaches:1.Build on the work done in your first three assessments and create an online tool kit or resource repository that will help the audience of your in-service understand the research behind your safety improvement plan pertaining to medication administration and put the plan into action.2.Locate a safety improvement plan (your current organization, the Institution for Healthcare Improvement, or a publicly available safety improvement initiative) pertaining to medication administration and create an online tool kit or resource repository that will help an audience understand the research behind the safety improvement plan and how to put the plan into action.PREPARATIONGoogle Sites is recommended for this assessment – the tools are free to use and should offer you a blend of flexibility and simplicity as you create your online tool kit. INSTRUCTIONSUsing Google Sites, assemble an online resource tool kit containing at least 12 annotated resources that you consider critical to the success of your safety improvement initiative. These resources should enable nurses and others to implement and maintain the safety improvement you have developed.It is recommended that you focus on the 3 or 4 most critical categories or themes with respect to your safety improvement initiative pertaining to medication administration. For example, for an ;initiative that concerns improving workplace safety for practitioners, you might choose broad themes such as general organizational safety and quality best practices; environmental safety and quality risks; individual strategies to improve personal and team safety; and process best practices for reporting and improving environmental safety issues.Following the recommended scheme, you would collect 3 resources on average for each of the 4 categories focusing on safety with medication administration. Each resource listing should include ;the following:An APA-formatted citation of the resource with a working link.A description of the information, skills, or tools provided by the resource.A brief explanation of how the resource can help nurses better understand or implement the safety improvement initiative pertaining to medication administration.A description of how nurses can use this resource and when its use may be appropriate.Remember that you must make your site public so that your faculty can access it. Check out the Google Sites resources for more information.Here is an example entry:Merret, A., Thomas, P., Stephens, A., ;Moghabghab, R., Gruneir, M. (2011). A collaborative approach to fall prevention. Canadian Nurse, 107(8), 24-29. Retrieved from…This article presents the Geriatric Emergency Management-Falls Intervention Team (GEM-FIT) project. It shows how a collaborative nurse lead project can be implemented and used to improve collaboration and interdisciplinary teamwork, as well as improve the delivery of health care services. This resource is likely more useful to nurses as a resource for strategies and models for assembling and participating in an interdisciplinary team than for specific fall-prevention strategies. It is suggested that this resource be reviewed prior to creating an interdisciplinary team for a collaborative project in a health care setting.Additionally, be sure that your plan addresses the following, which corresponds to the grading criteria in the scoring guide. Please study the scoring guide carefully so you understand what is needed for a distinguished score.Identify necessary resources to support the implementation and continued sustainability of a safety improvement initiative pertaining to medication administration.Analyze the usefulness of resources to the role group responsible for implementing quality and safety improvements focusing on medication administration.Analyze the value of resources to reduce patient safety risk related to medication administration.Present compelling reasons and relevant situations for use of resource tool kit by its target audience.Communicate in a clear, logically structured, and professional manner that applies current APA style and formatting.Example Assessment: You may use the following example to give you an idea of what a Proficient or higher rating on the scoring guide would look like but keep in mind that your tool kit will focus on promoting safety with medication administration. Note that you do not have to submit your bibliography in addition to the Google Site; the example bibliography is merely for your reference.To submit your online tool kit assessment, paste the link to your Google Site in the assessment submission box.Note:If you experience technical or other challenges in completing this assessment, please contact your faculty member.Additional RequirementsAPA formatting: References and citations are formatted according to current APA stylePortfolio Prompt: Remember to save the final assessment to your ePortfolio so that you may refer to it as you complete the final Capstone course.Resources: Collaboration and TeamworkCOLLABORATION AND TEAMWORKWIKISBLOGSGOOGLE SITESRefer to the following links to help you build your tool kit:BUILDING PROFESSIONAL EFFICACY AND VISIBILITYEVALUATING RESOURCESRequirements: ATTACHMENTS
Columbus State Community College Enhancing Quality and Safety Nursing Question

UCI Iceland Analysis Brainstorm Discussion

UCI Iceland Analysis Brainstorm Discussion.

use for gathering the posts. FormattingPlease use the typical formatting for this assignment: 12 point Times New Roman or Calibri font, 1 inch margins, and double spacing. Please present your work in paragraph format. Keep in mind that a paragraph is 4-8 sentences and should not be near one page long. If your paragraph begins reaching a page in length, break it up!InstructionsWith this assignment, you will begin taking a look at and collecting your data. Please note that you have some parameters on data collection for the final project (you only need a few data points for this assignment): At least 5 posts OR at most 25 posts and at least 3 comments OR at most 10 comments per post. We will cover this more later as well, but this means that you could have a sample of 15 posts with 8 comments each. You will just explain your sample decisions in your methods section of the final paper. For the first section of the paper (with a heading, in paragraph format, and about 1/4 to 1/2 of a page): Discuss the subreddit (remember to consult Subreddit Possibilities.docx ( see attachments) if you have not already). Include a linkDescribe what the subreddit is/is aboutInclude information about how many members are subscribed and how many are onlineInclude some general information about what you see, including what the top post is and how many upvotes it hasFor the second section of the paper (with a heading, in paragraph format and about 1/4 to 1/2 of a page): What is your plan for data collection (how many posts/comments?). Please note that this might change and that is okay. Why do you plan on this sample size?Do you plan to search for terms, use “top,” or use “hot” posts?Give an explanation for your answer. For the third portion of the paper, I want you to start taking a look at themes (with a heading, in paragraph format and about 1/2 to 1 page). In your final paper, you should have three themes, but it is okay if you only have one for now. You should be able to use this later. Consider: What are some patterns you notice in what people are talking about? What do they focus on? What kinds of posts do you see?Are users positive? Supportive? Do they provide constructive criticism or advice? How do you know or recognize these things?This is based on your interpretationFocus on three observations that you can make, label the patterns, and explain how you arrived at these labels or identificationsFinally, provide some information about your data organization (with a heading). There are multiple ways to do this (shown in the walkthrough example and the video) and you just need to choose one. See what works for you and test some things out while you look at your data. Explain how you plan to organize your data in paragraph format (about 1/4 to 1/2 of a page)Show how you are organizing your data by inserting screenshots or tables (example provided in your example document and in the lecture video on the assignment)You only need to start with one post and a few comments at leastIf you would like to include more, you can, and it’s less work lateHere is a walkthrough: Content Analysis Brainstorm.docx ( see attachment
UCI Iceland Analysis Brainstorm Discussion

Biomimicry of Structural Color Applied to Textile

Biomimicry of Structural Color Applied to Textile. Biomimicry of structural color applied totextile Project Proposal Content 1 INTRODUCTION 1.1 AIM 1.2 OBJECTIVE 2 LITERATURE REVIEW 2.1 NATURAL STRUCTURAL COLOR 2.1.1 THIN FILM INTERFERENCE 2.1.2 MULTILAYER INTERFERENCE 2.1.3 DIFFRACTION GRATRING 2.1.4 LIGHT SCATTERING 2.1.5 PHONTONIC CRYSTAL 2.2 THE COLOR IN NATURE 2.3 METHODOLOGY OF BIOMIMICRY 2.4 CHOLESTERIC LIQUID CRYSTAL 2.4.1 LIQUID CRYSTAL 2.4.2 THERMOTROPIC LIQUID CRYSTAL 2.4.3 OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF CLC 2.4.4 COAXIAL ELECTROSPINNING 3 METHOD AND EXPERIMENT DETAIL 3.1 MATERIAL PREPARATION 3.2 EXPERIMENT 4 EXPECTED RESULT 5 PROJECT PLAN 6 BIBLIOGRAPHY APPENDIX 1 RESEARCH FLOW CHART APPENDIX 2 GANTT CHART 1 Introduction In nature, creatures have evolved for million years. Each of the creatures has their certain color. Due to the scanning electron microscope (SEM) has been introduced in the 1940s, some of the creatures’ color can be explained. These color has been called as structural color because it is a series photon interact with object’s surface in Nano-scale. These optical processes derive several phenomena as thin film interference, multilayer interference, diffraction grating, light scattering and photonic crystal.[1] A typical case is Morpho butterfly’s wings. The shinny blue is created by the lamellar structure in the wings surface. Applying this concept in the textile industry, the clothes manufacturing requires like dyes, pigments, chemicals and water, would be reduced. 1.1 Aim The aim of this MSc project is to produce and apply a structural color fiber to textile goods. Precisely, to create a non-pigment, non-dye, non-faded and anti-bleach with high tensile strength structural color fiber. 1.2 Objective The project will be divided into four parts (A, B, C and D). By fundamental concept to practical experiment progressively. Part A includes exploring natural structural color; to understand the coloration mechanism of creatures and identify phenomena of the optical process in classic examples as Morpho butterfly’s wings, Chrysina Gloriosa Beetle, the skin of Pollia fruit, Anna’s Hummingbird color changing feather and natural opals iridescent colors. Part B covers investigating methodology of biomimicry. To attribute the success of microfabrication technologies, replicating structural color is taking a step forward. There are two main strategies to build biomimicry structure, “top-down” and “bottom-up.” Both of strategies will be introduced in a further section. Part C involves representing one of a past successful method to produce structural color fiber. In this MSc experiment, the author attempt to replicate core-sheath fiber with CLC through the coaxial electrospinning method. Part D contains comparing the performance of structural color fiber with different material. In another word, the author tends to use a different material to fabricate structural color fiber and compares with Part C experiment result. 2 Literature review In this chapter, it presents several essential background knowledge which helps a better understanding of the project. 2.1 Natural Structural Color Color from nature has been studied for centuries. Along with technology thrives, these color can be redefined and explained as reflection, refraction and polarization characteristics of light in a tiny-scale pattern.[2] Due to human observes this color is derived by structures on the submicron scale interact with light, it is so-called structural color.[2] S. Kinoshita and S. Yoshioka state that structural color is a combination of several optical processes as thin film interference, multilayer interference, diffraction grating, Light scattering and photonic crystal.[1] 2.1.1 Thin film interference Thin film interference is an elementary example of structural color. A single layer thickness is defined as a wavelength of visible light (380-780nm)[2,3] Due to the refractive index differences of the light source and thin film, the amplitude of wavelength reflect as the sum of multiple beams as color retardation. To illustrate this, Figure 1 can be seen d is the thickness of the layer and its refractive index is n2. The light source impinges on a thin layer with the angle θ1 and the surrounding refractive index is n1. (Where n1≠n2) Then refraction angleθ2 can be calculated. An example of a soap bubble is explained with Newton’s color retardation, which can be seen as Figure 2.[3] Figure 1: Thin film module [3] Figure 2: Newton’s color scale for bubble example [3] 2.1.2 Multilayer interference Following the previous section, multilayers obey the same physical optics principle. Multilayers are often catagorized into narrow-band and broadband multilayers. The narrow-band multilayers are designated with pairs of thin layer piles periodically. To demonstrate this, Figure 3 shows material A and B with their thickness dA and dB, follows by their refractive index nA and nB respectively. It can be manipulated the value of the lowest layer in dark or lighter. When the lowest layer is dark, it absorbs all the light which will not be reflected, thus making the color rich. If the base layer is set in lighter color, it reflects more light, which the light transmits to the upper layers, then gaining in a white and vague color. On the other hand, Broadband multilayers have varied wavelength and they reflect most of light. Then it will not be effected by base layer absorption and present a bright, shiny color. It can be compared with narrow-band multilayer in Figure 3.[2,3] Figure 3: Multilayer module [3] 2.1.3 Diffraction grating A diffraction grating is a normal existence in our lives. For instance, a compact disc displays a non-separation color. The physical optics principle behide is a single reflection material with the surface is designed in the repeated sub-wavelength pattern. Due to the incident light satisfys the angle of amplitude while interacting with the periodical pattern, enhance the exhibit peaks which located at a certain set wavelength. Figure 4: Diffraction grating module [2] 2.1.4 Light scattering Light scattering can be divided into two regimes on particles. The particles are much smaller than the wavelength of incident light is Rayleigh scattering. On the other hand, the particles are larger than the wavelength is called Mie scattering. Rayleigh scattering is used to explain the color of the sky. The color of the sky is a result of series Sun’s emission spectrum (UV and voilet light) is absorbed by ozone in the atmosphere. When the incident light impinges the atmorsphere with wave vector, the particles of the atmosphere will be dipolized. Then derive the radiation which the light wave is induced. Mie scattering desribes all or almost of white color. Because of the large size of particles, less and less light is scattered backwards and to the side concluded by Hana Majaron (2013) Figure 5: Light Scattering module [3] 2.1.5 Photonic crystal There is a periodic refractive index in Photonic crystal materials. And it can be classified as1-dimensional photonic crystals, 2-dimensional and 3-dimensional photonic crystals as Figure 6.[3] Figure 6: Photonic Crystal module [3] Due to the dielectricity exitists periodically in the material, it occurs refractive index difference and shows the photonic band-gap. In that optical modes, the frequency ranges in which the propagation of light is prohibited. A. G. Dumanli and T. Savin (2016) point out that “Band-gap depend on the orientation of the propagation in the crystal, often quantified in the lattice reciprocal space and correspond to iridescent reflectance peaks.”[2,3] 2.2 The Color in Nature After we have a concept of the science behind the structural color, we will discover some color in nature creatures. They are above Morpho butterfly, Chrysina Gloriosa Beetle, Pollia fruit, Anna’s Hummingbird and natural opals iridescent colors. Most of the structural color can not be explained in one phenomenon in the previous section. The natural structural color is a combination of this phemona. Morpho butterfly In Morpho butterfly’s wings, there are plenlty of rods with branches and those rods align in a certain pattern closely. The rod branches are laminlar and they are similar to multilayer structure. Also the gap of branches could work as a light diffraction grating. To bracklet all, we can assume there is a photonic crystal system too.[4] Chrysina Gloriosa Beetle The exoskeleton of Chrysina Gloriosa Beetle displays shiny green or flat color in a particular angle. The exoskeleton has been discovered there is a matter like cholesteric liquid crystal in its chitin layers. Due to the characteristic of CLC, the exoskeleton is able to reflect the polarized light from incident white light.[2] Pollia fruit In Pollia fruit outer epicarp appears vibrant blue/purple color. The epicarp not only obtains multilayer photonic crystal but also hexagonal shape cell in its cellulose microfiber. There is a phenomenon like Chrysina Gloriosa Beetle, changing unpolarised light into polarized.[2,5] Anna’s Hummingbird Some feathers of bird perform iridescent color. The secret of these color is the detail of feathers structure. There is air-filled platelet on the barblues. It is the same concept as Morpho butterfly’s wings acting a light scattering and diffraction.[6,7] Natural opal A. G. Dumanli and T. Savin (2016) review that natural opals exhibit lustrous colors because of the crystal arrangement of silica spheres. It can be described like photonic crystal and Rayleigh scattering; when the incident light impinges the particle smaller than the wavelength.[2] Figure 7: Morpho Butterfly’s wing [2] Figure 8: Chrysina Gloriosa Beetle(Left) and Pollia fruit(Right) [2] Figure 9: Hummingbird colorful feather(Left) and ari-filled platelet(Right) [6] Figure 10: Opal iridescent color (Left) and Silica sphere surface (Right) [2] 2.3 Methodology of biomimicry In this section, it shows the methodology of biomimicry. According to the material and instrument decided by the author, only Anisotropic Particle Self-Assenbly method will be discussed. Figure 11: Category of biomimicry methodology [2] Normally, thin film interference, multilayer interference, diffraction grating, Light scattering and photonic crystal could be produced by a specific pattern in nano-micro scale. With modern technology, there is mainly two categories as Top-Down and Bottom-up to present these phenomena. There are numerous advantages of fabricating nanostructures with Top-Down Strategy. However, most of them cost a lot of money, because of manufacturing processes are alike semiconductor process. In the A. G. Dumanli and T. Savin (2016) investigation, bottom-up method use physico-chemical interaction for the hieratchical organisation of nanostructure, which are mosr cost- and time -effective, and widen application.[2] According to the shapes and sizes of particle, and alignment of material, it develops a phenomena to display structural color. For example, some of the liquid crystals are rod-like and plate-like. In the high volume fraction and closet packing, incident light will be reflected as a certain wavelength. In the next section will discuss a specific liquid crystal, Cholesteric Liquid Crystal. 2.4 Cholesteric Liquid Crystal 2.4.1 Liquid Crystal In generally, by increasing the temperature, the solid state turns into a liquid state. However in some material, there is an intermediate state between solid and liquid. It is also referred to as mesophases. Within this phase, at a certain range of temperature exhibiting orientation sequence like crystalline and fluid-like isotropic liquid at the same time. A compound that has the ability transform between mesophase is called mesogen. [2,4] According to the formation process of the Liquid Crystal, it can be divided into two types as Figure 8 demonstrate. Figure 13: Thermotropic Liquid Crystal [2] Figure 12: Category of Liquid Crystal [2] 2.4.2 Thermotropic Liquid Crystal Thermotropic LC describes the changing of temperature occurs LC phases. The shape of mesogen molecular can be calamitic, disotic or sanidic.[4] And it has an excellent optical characteristic. According to the arrangement of molecules, thermotropic LC can be categorized into nematic, smectic and cholesteric. Nematic Liquid Crystal Figure 13 illustrates Nematic mesophase is a random arrangement of molecules. This means Nematic Liquid Crystal can flow as high viscosity isotropic liquid. Smectic Liquid Crystal The molecules of Smectic Liquid Crystal maintain as parallel or certain angle orientation as layers. When the molecules are arranged perpendicular as the layer is called Smectic A. And Smectic C is referred as molecules tilt angle from the director. Cholesteric Liquid Crystal Cholesteric Liquid Crystal is a chiral type of NLC. It is normally made by adding chiral dopant with nematic mesogen. The dopant produces intermolecular forces which tune a slight angle between molecules. This results in the formation of a twisting helical structure. 2.4.3 Optical Properties of CLC Cholesteric Liquid Crystal has a number of properties interested by a scientist. First, it has a significant optical rotation of light. In the other word, when unpolarized white incident light passes through CLC, the light reflects as right/left circularly polarized light. Second, due to the size of the pitch (p, As it is shown in Figure 13) in the chiral helix and refraction index of CLC molecules, the white incident light reflects certain wavelength.[2,4] It is precisely explained in Figure 14, how the polarized light be reflected and transmit. Figure 14 also demonstrates the concept of structural color in CLC.[4] Figure 14: The mechanism of polarized light be reflected (Left) and Structural color of CLC (Right) [4] 2.5 Coaxial Electrospinning Coaxial Electrospinning is an additional nozzle aligned into eletrospinning nozzle symmetrically and concentrically. It means the end of two nozzles is well centered in the Taylor cone. When a high voltage is applied to the Taylor cone, the solution in the outer nozzle will be ejected out. Meanwhile, the inner solution will be dragged out simultaneously. Because of high voltage occurs negative charges, and such positive charges accumulated at the surface to drop the solution. With this method, it is useful to create a core-sheath structure or hollow fibers. Thus, the author attempt to encapsulate CLC in the core and fabricates structural color fiber by Coaxial Electrospinning method.[8] Figure 15: Coaxial Electrospinning module [8] 3 Method and experiment detail In this experiment, the author tries to produce structural color applied to fiber and test its performance. Research by Che-Pei Chen et al.,(2016) suggested using coaxial electrospinning to create a hollow fiber as the sheath and encapsulate CLC inside as core. In other words, this structural color and fiber are made simultaneously. Outer sheath provides tensile properties and inner core, CLC, displays the selected color by CLC molecules alignment. By controling spinning speed and accurate concertraction of CLC, this structural color fiber can be produced continuously and color homogeneously. In the end, this fiber will be examine color and tensile strength. 3.1 Material preparation The materials used in this project includes Paliocolor LC756 (chiral dopant), LC242 (Nematic Liquid Crystal), Irgacure 127® (photoinitiator)and Polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP). Research by Jones (2016) notes, Paliocolor LC756, LC242 and Irgacure 127® (BASF) can be dissolved with solvent MEK (methyl ethyl ketone). And also de-ion water, salt and ethanol is required to operate with coaxial electrospinning suggested by Che-Pei Chen(2016) Figure 16: Paliocolor LC756 [9] Figure 17: Paliocolor LC242 [10] Figure 18: Irgacure 127® [11] Figure 19: Polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) [8] 3.2 Experiment A solution of the core part and sheath part are prepared separately. According to Jones’ research (2016), a solution of the core is set in the specific ratio as Table 1. Table 1: Core Solution Materials [8] Following Che-Pei Chen’s study (2016), a solution of the sheath is prepared in the certain ratio as Table 2. Table 2: Sheath Solution Material [8] Both of prepared solution will be injected into two syringes and those syringes also are setup on syringes pumps for the coaxial electrospinning. Figure 20: Coaxial Electrospinning System with UV Source [8] As Figure 20 presents, applying High-voltage power, coaxial nozzle ejects sheath fiber and core fiber synchronously. At the same time, UV light actives photoinitiator to proceed the polymerization of CLC. After sample harvesting, the author will examine the color of fiber through a spectrometer and test tensile strength by a universal testing machine (UTM). 4 Expected result Based on several literatures review the following results can be expected. The structural color fiber should be made successfully. Due to the different condition of coaxial electrospinning, there are three type of fiber can be observed. For example, a beading fiber, quasi-continuous fiber and smearing-out type fiber. The quasi-continuous fiber indicates that the CLC in the core along the fiber is uniform and present the highest reflective pitch in selected wavelength amoung 530nm-580nm. To predict PVP/CLC fiber tensile strength, compare with commercial fiber applied on textile.[8] Figure 21: Three condition of spinning fiber [8] Figure 22: Prediction of Spectrometer data [8] Figure 23: Prediction of Tensile Strength data [12] 5 Project plan Table 3 shows the numbers of tasks and the intended project plan for the MSc dissertation. The corresponding Gantt chart can be seen in the appendix. All Start/ Finish date and duration could be fixed if needed. Table 3: Research Plan 6 Bibliography [1] Shuichi Kinoshita. “Structural Colors in the Realm of Nature.” ChemPhysChem, 6, 1442-1459 (2005) [2] Ahu, G.D and Thierry, S. ”Recent advances in the biomimicry of structural colors.” Chem. Soc. Rev. 45, 6698-6724 (2016) [3] Hana, M. (2013). Structural coloration. Thesis University of Ljubljana Faculty of Mathematics and Physics. [4] Celina, J. (2016). Textile Materials Inspired by Structural Color in Nature. PhD Manchester School of Material. [5] Silvia V, Paula J. R., Alice V. R., Alison R., Edwige M., Robert B. F., Jeremy J. B., Beverley J. G., and Ullrich S.” Pointillist structural color in Pollia fruit” PNAS, Vol. 109, No. 39, 5712-5715 (2012) [6] Jerry’s (2017) Exploring Iridescence in Ruby-throated Hummingbirds. January 30 2017. Available at: (Accessed: 9 Dec. 2018) [7] TheCornellLab of Ornithology(2017) “All About Birds-Anna’s Hummingbird” Available at: (Accessed: 9 Dec. 2018) [8] Che-Pei, C., Jia-De, L., Lin-Jer, C., Yu-Chou, C., Shuan-Yu, H.,Biomimicry of Structural Color Applied to Textile