UC Irvine In the Cemetery Where Al Jolson is Buried by Amy Hempel Questions
UC Irvine In the Cemetery Where Al Jolson is Buried by Amy Hempel Questions.
I’m working on a english discussion question and need a sample draft to help me understand better.
I’m working on a English writing question and need a sample draft to help me study.Read attached both readings and slides and to Unpack the following subtext in this sentence “On the morning she was moved to the cemetery, the one where Al Jolson is Buried, I enrolled in a “Fear of Flying” class.”answer the following questions if they would help:What is a small alternative choice the writer could have made here? It can help to think of small alternative choices the writer could have made, to see more clearly the choices the writer did make. For example, what’s the difference between saying “On the morning my best friend died” vs. “On the morning she was moved to the cemetery”?
UC Irvine In the Cemetery Where Al Jolson is Buried by Amy Hempel Questions
Using A Suitable Management Approach Business Essay
help me with my homework Using A Suitable Management Approach Business Essay. Organisations goal and objective of the project can be achieve by using a suitable management approach. A series of management approaches will be study and discuss in this report to outline the major trends in the management approaches. The management approaches had been selected to study are Classical Approach, Scientific Management, Bureaucracy Approach, Human Relations Approach, Neo-Human Relations Approach, Systems Approach, Social Action Approach and Contingency Theory. Besides, one of the most effective approach in promoting a good organizational structure and organizational relationship will be select from the various management approaches. Moreover, the attributes to be a good leader would also be discuss in this report. TYPES OF MANGEMENT APPROACHES Classical approach was associated by some writers who are Taylor, Fayol, Urwick, Mooney and Reiley, and Brech at the early of last century. “They placed emphasis on the planning of work, the technical requirements of the organisation, principles of management, and the assumption of rational and logical behavior.” (Mullins, 2007). The classical approaches was basically focused on the understanding of the purpose of an organization by the employees to create the understanding of how the organisation work and how can the working methods to be improved. Hence, to create an effective organization, the division of work in the hierarchy of authority and formal organizational relationships was important and it can be achieves through the scientific ways. Besides, classical approach has provide some common principals to all the organisations today such as the guidelines to the structuring and efficiency of organisations as a starting point to achieves the effectiveness of an organisations. Scientific Management Scientific management was contributed by F.W. Taylor (1856-1917). Taylor was believed that there is a best machine for each job so the scientific approach was focused on the scientific method to arrange the job into the most efficient methods of working. “Deemed the ‘Father of Scientific Management’, Taylor is credited with the early attempts at determining the best way of undertaking human-based work by simplifying its component parts and task.” (Alan, 2011). Mullins (2007) had summarized some principles of scientific management as:- the development of a true science for each person’s work; the scienti¬c selection, training and development of the workers; co-operation with the workers to ensure work is carried out in the prescribed way; the division of work and responsibility between management and the workers. The management idea was to reduce the working time by simplify the working task of the human-based work. However, the contribution thinking of Taylor has been misinterpreted. Some organisations had misused his idea to invoke the employees to conduct more work at the less cost basis. Nonetheless, by followed the idea of F.W. Taylor (1911), a series of long term working chart method has been emerged by Henry Gantt (1919). Such working chart has been known as the Gantt or bar chart. The most prominent idea of management was developed by Henri Fayol (1949) which known as the ‘five process of management’. The management process has been known as forecasting, organizing, commanding, co-ordinating and controlling. This management strategic has been widely use over the last half century. Bureaucracy Bureaucracy management approach was written by a German sociologist named Max Weber. According to VectorStudy.com (2008), bureaucratic management can be described as a formal system of organisation based on clearly defined hierarchical levels and roles in order to maintain efficiency and effectiveness. The view of Weber on the bureaucracy can be defined as a system based on discipline which the leader has to exercise their power to control over others. Bureaucracy management has clearly defined and stated the authority power of the hierarchy in the organisations. Besides, by referring to Mullins (2007), the growth of bureaucracy has contributed to the increasing size and complexity of organisation and the associated demand for effective administration. Hence, the rational-legal form stressed by Weber was a more stable of systems between the superiors and subordinates. This system allows the subordinates to challenge the decisions of their leaders by referring to the stated rules. As a result, bureaucratic management can handle some more complex operations than the traditional management approach. Human Relations Approach The principal advocate of the human relations approach was Elton Mayo (1880-1949) in year 1920s. Human relations approach was became famous with the Hawthorne Experiment conduct at the Western Electric Hawthorne Plant near Chicago, America (USA) from years 1924s to 1932s. This approach was advocate on the human welfare and motivation will link to the productivity. According to Alan (2011), this theory has suggested that the sense of belonging of a working group by an individual and their level of motivation and productive outputs has a direct relationship. Mullins (2007) asserts that “The Hawthorne experiments undoubtedly marked a signi¬cant step forward in providing further insight into human behaviour at work and the development of management thinking.” Thus the productivity of an organisation can be increased upon the rise of the communication, teamwork, motivation and morale among the employees. Neo-Human Relations Neo-human relations approach was arise due to some shortcoming in the human relations approach and assumptions which of the studies of Hawthorne experiments were not necessarily supported by the empirical evidence. However, the result of Hawthorne experiments was the reason for the subsequent motivation of study at the theory. The neo-human approach was reformed by Abraham Maslow (1908-1970) in years 1943. As refer to Mullins (2007), Maslow has classified the motivation into five level of hierarchy from the lowest level which are the basic level to achieve as physiological needs, through safety needs, love needs and esteem needs to the need for self-actualisation at the highest level to achieve. This famous theory was known as Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs. Others writers of the neo-human relations approach was Frederick Herzberg (1923) who isolate two sets factors which affecting the motivation and satisfaction at work such as ‘hygienic’ factors and the ‘motivators’ factors. Besides, McGregor was argued that the management style adopted by the manager will affect the human nature and behavior at work so he has wrote two theories named as Theory X and Theory Y which based on the manager’s behavior. System Approach System approach was generally generated by the German philosopher G.W.F. Hegel (1770-1831). “The systems approach views the organisation as a whole and involves the study of the organisation in terms of the relationship between technical and social variables within the system. Changes in one part, technical or social, will affect other parts and thus the whole system.” (Mullins, 2007). System approach is a system which the whole organisation was divided into various parts by the characteristics, the parts in the system was synergy or interdependent which mean the changes of any part in the organization will affect other part and the whole system. In order to produce the higher productivity, all the parts must be working together to achieve the outcome. According to Alan (2011), system theory can provide a framework for the managed direction of the organizational activity through the provision of all its managed parts with a focus on and benefit to the core business it undertake. This will create the synergy and a holistic perspective of an organization. Thus, this approach was adapted and used in the configuration of almost all the organization nowadays. Social Action Approach Social action approach can be defined from the theory presented by Bowey. It is an approach which the individual members will complete their work in their own satisfaction result at each situation of work. According to Mullins (2007), the theory can be analyse on three essential principles of action theory, and augmented by the four additional concepts which taken from the system approach. The three essential principles can be summarised as the sociology is concerned not only with behaviour but with the meaning of action. The second essential principles are some specific meanings are persist through the reaffirmation in actions. The third essential principles was action can also lead to changes in meanings. Besides, the four additional concepts which taken out from the system approach are therole, relationship, structure and process concepts. The organisations behaviour of social action approach can be achieve through the three principles of action theory together with the four additional concepts from the system theory. Contingency Theory Contingency theory has stated that the organization must evolve to accommodate change within both the organization itself and the environment with the prosper changing of political, regulatory and financial marketplace. “Essentially, the tenets of contingency theory are that: there is no one right or best way to manage; the configuration of an organization must be commensurate with its environment; effective organisations have effective sub-elements, or system; and the operation of the organisation is closely linked to the management style adopted.” (Alan, 2011). According to Mullins (2007), the contingency approach implies that organisation theory should not seek to suggest one best way to structure or manage organisations but should provide insights into the situational and contextual factors which in¬‚uence management decisions. Thus the management of an organization must frequently change to suit the circumstances of the organization exists to maintain the prevailing status of the organisation. MOST EFFECTIVE APPROACH IN PROMOTING A GOOD ORGANISATIONAL STRUCTURE AND ORGANISATIONAL RELATIONSHIP The Contingency approach was the management approach which I had been considered as the most effective management in promoting a good organizational structure and organizational relationships. According to Zeithaml (1988), contingency approaches are positioned within management as mid-range theories between the two extreme views which state either that universal principles of organisation and management exist or that each organisation is unique and each situation must be analysed separately. Mullins (2007) stated contingency approach implies organisation theory should not seek to suggest one best way to structure or manage organisations but should provide insights into the situational and contextual factors which in¬‚uence management decisions. There are always have some arguments, variables and conflicts arise in an organization. Contingency approach can be used to solve those problems as it is based on the management that there are no one right or best way to manage the way of planning, organizing, leading, controlling and effective. The judgment on who are right or fault could not be analyses in this situation as the organization, people and situation are changes and vary over a time. The effectiveness of an organization are always been affect when some problem and conflict was occurred. Thus, contingency approach was the effectively approach as it can used to handle and solve the problem in the effective ways. Referring to Alan (2011), the tenets of contingency theory has stated that configuration of an organization must be commensurate with its environment and the effective organisations must have effective sub-elements or system. Thus, an appropriate strategy will be selected on the various changes in an organization. Besides, contingency approach does not seek to produce the universal prescriptions or principles of behaviour but retain transform over the time to commensurate with the change and vary of the environment circumstances. In conclusion, contingency approach was the most effective management approach in an organization structure and relationship to produce higher productivity and efficiency as it may very over the time to suit for the situations. ATTRIBUTE TO BE A GOOD LEADER Leader was important in an organization as he play the role on leading the whole project team to achieve the goal and objective. A good leader must have clearly understand on all the management approach before applied into the project. To be a good leader, the capability to withstand the changes and pressure must be attained. He have to prepared some back up plan to bear with the risk of changes arise in the project. As a good leader, he has to be humble as does not consider oneself was better than others yet is still confident and assertive. As Dan (2010) said, “A leader that is a servant at heart and a commander in practice.” and “A leader that is able to turn words into action and inspire others to give their best every day. They know the strategy of the company and execute it daily.” so a good leader must also have the ability to execute their task, listen to others and inspire their subordinates to perform their job. Besides, to be a good leader he must develop their team as teaches, coaches and share their wisdom and experience with their employees to help them to become a stronger leaders. Good communication skill between internal and external organization was also one of the attribute to be a good leader. Moreover, a leader could be in authoritative styles which are strong character in giving instruction to achieve objective and in the other hand, it can be a democratic style who work and discuss together with the team member but are the decision makers in the team. Good leader would also a risk taker who is not afraid to try new strategies, adapt it and implement the ideas of their workers. The conclusion was to be a good leader it should be rely on more than one leadership style and adopt more leader attribute to perform the various management approach in the different organisations project in order to bring it to the success and increase the productivity and efficiency. CONCLUSION In my opinion, by reviewing the various types of management approaches the contingency approach was the most effective management approach for an organization. The contingency approach can solve the various type of problem such as conflict and some problem arise on the lack of communication conducted during the project period with more easy ways. So the contingency approach could help to make sure the progress of the project to go smooth and achieve the goal and objective in a more effective manner. Furthermore, the attribute to be a good leader would also been discussed. In order to be a good leader, various attribute of leader should be adopt and the leader must have different style of leadership and with a good understanding of all the management approach in order to conduct and lead the organisation projects to be success in higher efficiency and productivity. Using A Suitable Management Approach Business Essay
veterinary nursing. Paper details What a veterinary nurse does and what led me to this career path. All growing up I wanted to be a veterinarian, but once I realized that sometimes animals die even when you do everything to save them, I shifted away from this career path. I went to college for business and thought I wanted a practical job in a 9-5 based office. I have been in an office for 6 years and do not feel fulfilled. I have always wanted to help animals and over the years have fostered. Now that I have matured and lived life I realize I’m no longer afraid of animals passing, and being there for them even at the end of their life is important. And sometimes being compassionate at the end is the best thing I can do. I want to create a new career path that will be fulfilled, and I can work with animals, which is something I’m very passionate about.veterinary nursing
Extreme Weather, Its Causes and Consequences Research Paper
Table of Contents Introduction Problem statement Discussion Conclusion Works Cited Introduction The world has been experiencing extreme weather conditions over the last several decades. According to scientists, this phenomenon has been influenced by the increasing rate of climate change because of global warming. The high rate of industrialization has been a major contributor to global warming due to an increase in human activities (White 30). The high volume of greenhouse gases in the environment has led to the diminution of the ozone layer, thus reducing its effectiveness about protecting the earth’s surface from the sun. Although historic records indicate that extreme weather conditions have been experienced since time immemorial, climatologists argue that those being experienced in the 21st Century are of a bigger magnitude (Wehner 824). Extreme weather conditions are characterized by unpredictable, unprecedented, unevenly distributed, and unseasonable atmospheric conditions. Historically, climatologists were able to classify various regions depending on the atmospheric conditions they encountered at different times and magnitudes (Sandford 61). However, this phenomenon has changed a lot because the weather patterns are very irregular and the atmospheric conditions are extremely high. Regions that were classified as semi-arid are rapidly graduating into arid areas due to prolonged periods of high temperatures and low rainfall levels (Sobel 450). The clearing of vegetation for agricultural, industrial, and settlement purposes has been the main human activity that has contributed to global warming across the world. An event that shows the world is experiencing extreme weather conditions is Hurricane Katrina that hit the United States in 2005. Problem statement Research has established that the earth is currently experiencing extreme weather conditions compared to those that people have been accustomed to for a long time. Global warming has a lot to do with the severe weather because of the high human activities (Sandford 69). However, some people have a different opinion and believe that nothing much has changed about the atmospheric conditions experienced across the world. They argue that weather patterns are the only thing that has changed. Even though the patterns have changed, they fail to admit that they are very irregular, unprecedented and often happen outside their usual seasons. Extreme weather conditions are characterized by powerful rains, snowstorms, and intense drought periods all of which are extreme and a result of climate change (Sobel 454). Global warming is a reality and challenge in the contemporary world that cannot be ignored anymore. Climatologists described the first decade of the 21st century as the hottest in history. The ozone layer has been worn-out by great lengths, thus making the average temperature across the world to increase. This has in turn altered the weather patterns that people were accustomed to over the years. There is an urgent need to identify ways in which its impacts can be addressed to restore the atmospheric conditions to its normality. The first step towards achieving this feat is appreciating the fact that climate change is the major cause of the extreme weather conditions and human activities need to be more environmentally conscious (Sandford 98). Discussion Studies have established that the increase in the average temperature on earth has resulted in intense rain, snowstorms, and severe drought across various parts of the world. In areas that experience intense rain due to high-intensity storms, flooding has become a major challenge that people have to deal with regularly. Due to the high temperatures, the flash floods often result in extreme precipitation, which has had serious negative impacts because most of the affected areas are never mapped as being vulnerable (White 30). Tornados are also an effect of climate change that contributes to extreme weather conditions. They tend to form under high temperatures when moist air at the earth’s surface encounters the drier air in the atmosphere (Olsson 16). Tornadoes often cause a lot of distraction to infrastructure, especially if they were not anticipated and of unknown magnitude. Studies have established that most people across the world are getting used to the extreme weather conditions. They describe them as the new normal because there is very little being done to take things to their normal state, while the few strategies that have been tested have not yielded the projected outcomes (Olsson 17). There is an urgent need for all the relevant authorities and major stakeholders to create global awareness about the impact that various human activities are having on the atmosphere and their negative influence on climatic patterns (Sobel 457). Human beings have an ethical responsibility of taking care of the environment, thus it is important to engage them in all strategies of the protection of the biosphere. Studies have established that some of the major extreme weather conditions were on the rise over the last couple of decades. Reliable evidence confirms that the increase is closely related to human activities (Olsson 20). They have contributed a lot to the high amount of greenhouse gases in the environment over the years. The higher the volumes of these gases, the warmer the earth gets because the ozone layer keeps being depleted (Olsson 25). This in turn triggers several changes in the earth’s climate such as heatwaves, prolonged droughts due to low rainfall levels, and some areas experiencing heavy downpours. Heatwaves refer to periods when the earth experiences abnormally high temperatures that extend for a long period. Some of the longest heatwaves recorded in the United States lasted for a month across Texas in 2011 and Midwest in 2012. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More According to climatologists, human-induced climate change has increased the chances of such extreme weather events happening and causing substantial damage (Myers 100). Drought is evidence of the world experiencing extreme weather conditions. A shortage of rainfall over a long period is a situation that arises due to extremely high temperatures that increase the rate of evaporation in the earth’s surface and loss of moisture from plants due to dry soils (Wehner 827). Other factors such as high wind speed and reduced humidity also play a major role in necessitating drought. The irregular nature of rainfall patterns due to climate change contributes to the highest number of drought cases reported in most parts of the world (Myers 109). Even in areas that are known to have high precipitation, cases of drought are a huge possibility as long as the level of the earth’s temperature does not come down or extends for a long period. Heavy downpours are also a notable sign of the extreme weather conditions currently experienced across the world. According to climatologists, the changes in rainfall patterns and amounts happened a lot over the last couple of decades. Certain areas that were mapped as high rainfall regions have been experiencing heavier downpours regularly (Myers 116). This has resulted in heavy flooding and huge destruction of roads and other forms of infrastructure. Flooding also results in a high rate of precipitation, which climatologists say contributes to the high frequency of heavy downpours (Olsson 51). This normally happens because of the high temperatures caused by climate change. The atmosphere tends to absorb more vapors when it is filled with warm air. Once the vapor has been trapped into the atmosphere, it is quickly availed to systems that necessitate the process of forming rainfall. It is important to note that climatic changes play a major role in the alterations that are often witnessed in rainfall patterns. The same case applies to storms, whose intensity and frequency is heavily dependent on human-induced climate change (Latin 114). There are four major types of flooding associated with the extreme weather conditions experienced across the world. The first one is flash flooding that often happens in steep waterways and is mainly caused by intense precipitation. The second one is urban flooding, which is caused by heavy downpours that happen over short durations. According to climatologists, urban areas are prone to flooding due to the nature of its infrastructure that creates impervious surfaces such as pavements and parking lots (Latin 116). The third one is river flooding that happens when the amount of water drained into a river is beyond its holding capacity. The final one is coastal flooding characterized by storms that push large volumes of water towards the shore. Coastal flooding is heavily necessitated by human-induced climate change whereby an increase in precipitation levels leads to heavy downpours that result in the sea level rising (Latin 121). Hurricanes are also a reliable type form of evidence to prove that the world is currently experiencing extreme weather conditions. They are severe tropical cyclones characterized by heavy rains and winds moving at a speed of 73-136 knots (Myers 166). One of the main factors behind hurricanes is an irregular increase in the temperature of the sea surface. This element coupled with the increased concentration of gases that trap heat from the atmosphere has led to the occurrence of high magnitude hurricanes more frequently (Tebaldi 491). Climatologists argue that increased human activity near large water bodies and unsustainable management of both solid and liquid waste has contributed a lot to the several hurricanes that have hit different parts of the world (Franklin 3581). The same element has also affected the occurrence of winter storms whose frequency and intensity have greatly increased over the years. Reports indicate that most of the storms that have been experienced in the United States over the last couple of decades have resulted in heavy financial losses. The main reason for this phenomenon is the fact that the storms have become unpredictable in terms of the time of occurrence and magnitude. These two elements have made it extremely hard for the relevant authorities to put in place effective disaster preparedness and mitigation strategies (Latin 200). However, reports also identify factors such as the increasing global population and reducing poverty levels as major contributors to climate change that has affected weather patterns. Many people have resources to buy cars, build more homes, and produce more waste all of which contribute heavily to the concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. Conclusion Climatologists argue that one of the factors responsible for climate change in the world is human activities that have led to the expansion of the greenhouse effect. Although studies have established that there are possible causes of climate change that are not related to human activities, it is important to note that human-induced climate change has played the biggest role in altering weather patterns across the world. Volcanic eruptions and orbital changes are natural causes of climate change that have affected the atmospheric balance, thus leading to the depletion of the ozone layer. The extreme weather conditions experienced across the world are because of climate change. Climate change has resulted in water bodies drying up, shrinking of glaciers, as well as longer and shorter maturity periods for plants. The degree of global temperatures has also changed a lot due to climate change. Some of the notable events that provide evidence that the world is experiencing extreme weather conditions include tornadoes, hurricanes, droughts, storms, floods, and heavy downpours. There is an urgent need for human beings to reconsider how the various activities they engage in are affecting the atmospheric balance. All the relevant authorities should come together and make sure they have the support of everyone in a bid to influence several changes. Everyone needs to understand the importance of managing global warming by reducing emissions and sustainable waste management. We will write a custom Research Paper on Extreme Weather, Its Causes and Consequences specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Works Cited Franklin, Christopher. “Atlantic Hurricane Database Uncertainty and Presentation of a New Database Format.” Monthly Weather Review, vol.141, no. 10, 2013, pp. 3576-3592. Latin, Howard. Climate Change Policy Failures: Why Conventional Mitigation Approaches cannot Succeed. World Scientific, 2012. Myers, Norman. Environmental Issues and Solutions: A Modular Approach. Cengage Learning, 2013. Olsson, Gustaf. Water and Energy: Threats and Opportunities. IWA Publishing, 2015. Sandford, Robert. Storm Warning: Ater and Climate Security in a Changing World. Rocky Mountain Books Ltd, 2015. Sobel, Kerry. “Response of Tropical Sea Surface Temperature, Precipitation, and Tropical Cyclone-Related Variables to Changes in Global and Local Forcing.” Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, vol.5, no.2, 2013, pp. 447-458. Tebaldi, Duffy. “Increasing Prevalence of Extreme Summer Temperatures in the U.S.” Climatic Change, vol. 11, no. 2, 2012, pp. 487-495. Wehner, John. “Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Heat Waves, Cold Waves, Floods, and Droughts in the United States: State of Knowledge.” Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, vol. 94, no. 6, 2013, pp. 821-834. Not sure if you can write a paper on Extreme Weather, Its Causes and Consequences by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More White, Iain. Water and the City: Risk, Resilience and Planning for a Sustainable Future. Routledge, 2013.
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