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Reflection on Curriculum Development

Reflection on Curriculum Development. I need support with this English question so I can learn better.

Reflection on Curriculum Development In this assignment, you will reflect on the knowledge and skills acquired in the course by answering a series of questions about content-specific curriculum development. Course Objectives  Identify, describe, and implement teaching strategies to enhance cognition and logical reasoning for early childhood age children.  Identify methods to ensure families of early childhood learners are collaboratively engaged and considerations are made for cultural, linguistic, and ability diversity when planning, implementing, and evaluating curriculum, including individual educational programs (IEPs) and individualized family service plans (IFSPs).  Develop an integrated early childhood teaching unit which promotes learning in content specific areas and early childhood development.  Evaluate the role of play in early childhood development.  Engage as a reflective practitioner by self-assessing learning related to the development of developmentally appropriate, content-specific curriculum for early childhood learners. Directions: 1) Save and print the Module 5 Reflection. 2) Create a 3-page paper in a Word or text document for your response. Use 12-point Arial or Times New Roman font. 3) Use APA (6th edition) format for the title page, references page, and in-text citations. 4) Compose an introduction and conclusion. 5) Reflect on the knowledge and skills related to content-specific, early childhood curriculum acquired in this course.  What value can you see in curriculum integration?  What strategies did you acquire to make integration more doable?  Why should parents and families serve as collaborators in the curriculum development process?  What did you learn about play that will help you be a better educator?  How can you apply what you learned about content-specific curriculum development to your own practice? 6) Follow the directions to submit your final Word or text document.
Reflection on Curriculum Development

Capella University Outlining Themes and Topics Scholar Practitioner Model Report.

Outlining Themes and TopicsInstructionsFor this activity, start to think about how and why you write as an academic in the scholar-practitioner model of your discipline. Craft a 3–5 page paper that explores how one thinks, researches, and writes in your field.Part One: Locate and summarize suitable scholarly articlesUsing the three journals from the prior activity and your review essay, select one article from each of the journals (a total of three articles). Carefully read the articles, making notes as you do so.Note the database and search terms you used and provide the citations for 3–5 articles that you considered, even if you did not use all of them in your final selection. Next, indicate the articles you selected as most appropriate/relevant for further reading.Identify the main idea of each paragraph, the evidence used to support that idea, and the analysis presented in the paragraph. Craft a short 250–500 word summary of each of the articles.Part Two: Identify and articulate themes and topicsFrom what you read, what are the dominant themes or ideas? Explain the topic and describe the purpose of the article. Then summarize what the article is about. Examine the intent.For example, what type of data or information is being used in your field? Also, What aspects of APA tone, format and style are you seeing in your articles? Is it formal or informal? How would you describe the style, voice or audience for the “conversation” between articles?Use these steps to guide your identification and selection of themes:Topic: What the main subject is in your text/investigation?Purpose: (Select at least two of the following) define, list, label, relate, contrast, compare, demonstrate, interpret, explain, illustrate, summarize, classify, apply, construct, develop, organize, plan, identify, analyze, categorize, examine, distinguish, compose, formulate, predict, propose, solve, discuss, theorize, change, criticize, justify, measure, recommend, prioritize, support, assess, perceive, value, estimate, deduct.Aspects: Think how you will [insert purpose here] about your [insert topic here]. (Must have at least three.)Be sure that you:Select reputable academic sources appropriately.Incorporate a tone that is appropriately formal.Write well developed paragraphs with clear topic sentences that are supported within the paragraph.Articulate a working thesis statement with a defined topic, purpose, and aspects of exploration.Include summaries, paraphrases, and direct quotations that you will be using as points of development within the literature review.Include topic sentences for each paragraph of the literature review.Explain points of development for each paragraph of the literature review.Use of APA style and formatting.Your assignment will be scored on the following criteria:Identify themes applicable to a topic or thesis.Support themes with peer-reviewed, scholarly resources.Acknowledge the use of information through proper citation.Utilize proper mechanics including spelling, grammar, and APA formatting.*** This goes along with the last assignment, using those articles**Class Book is: American Psychological Association. (2010). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.). Washington, DC: Author. ***
Capella University Outlining Themes and Topics Scholar Practitioner Model Report

Elite Theory is described as a theoretical view that social scientist have towards American politics and government that generally explains that almost all political power in America is in the hands of the population that is relatively wealthy, privileged, or have high skills in society (Johnson, P.M.). The theory comes from the disproportionate advantage of those in the social elites that have more money to fund their campaigning, political influence, and their placement in society. The United States of America is claimed to be a democracy, which means that the system of government is to be based off the majority vote of the population or through an elected representative. In our government political system today, those in that hold a chair in congress or in some form of office within the government, are usually from the social elite class. Those who have connections, money, and social influence in order to gain them a spot. Although not all who hold a chair in congress are of the social elite, but almost all are or are connected to someone within the system. The elite theory suggest that the American political system is run by the elite and not in favor of the majority, to what extent does elite theory explain congressional actions? Are the elites in society influencing and persuading the votes of the majority for the best interest of the minority? American government today is run by some of the wealthiest and high in society group of people and with social influence and ability to fund their campaigns. When getting elected into congress or a position within the government, for most positions you have to be voted in by the population, whether that be the whole population vote or representatives that vote in that area’s best interest. When it comes to representatives voting for the population, usually those people are also of the higher elite group. Those who are running that are of the elite have more funding and endorsement from companies or big corporations that influence the public to vote for them or campaign in order to get their name and ideas out to the public. “The theoretical view held by many social scientists which holds that American politics is best understood through the generalization that nearly all political power is held by a relatively small and wealthy group of people sharing similar values and interests and mostly coming from relatively similar privileged backgrounds”, which is represented in such cases as the presidential election between Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump (Johnson, P.M.). This is shown with the both of them being already of the elite class and being able to fund and be promoted by others of higher society to influence the public, as well as their social standing that they had started with in politics. With money being a factor and societal standing previously those people are able to use their “networks of interactions” among the public to influence their political ideas and activities (Munger, M.C.). Those who run against them who are not from the elite group have to work hard to fundraise, and find people who will endorse them and their ideas, but even with their hard efforts they usually do not beat their opponent from the elite group. The elites that are categorized to be superior to others in intelligence, social standing, or wealth, which not all are running for a congressional spot in the government, but are the elites on the other side that are big corporations, companies, and names in society who endorse those running for congress or another position in government. In the United States of America, the political system is a democracy in which those who are within the population, are of the age eighteen, and registered to vote on decision that will be made by congress, to be able to have the best interest of the majority of the public in mind when deciding whether or not to pass a proposition or to elect someone into office. Some see the United States as being ran by the minority, which are the elites, who are the minority and are seen to be of higher intelligence, social standing, and wealth. Their ranking in society is based on their personal connections and positions within their corporation, but “… does not really depend upon their ability to garner mass support through efforts to “’represent’” the interest of broader social groups” (Johnson, P.M.). The elite being within the top people that are apart of congress and are supposed to be making decisions for the greater of the population, but that can be hard when the influence of the ideas come from people who do not live or are a part of the problem. The problem being the big pay gap between the working class and the higher elite, making society have a superior group or groups, that can over run and fund campaigns to influence the public that they are the best choice when you go to vote. Large “… expense accounts and paid handsomely, they could exercise national influence not only through companies, but through the roles that would be called upon to serve in “’the national interest’”, they influence and persuade people to think that what they are proposing will be for the greater good and will help in the long run, although there are times when their best interest is within their own social class and use companies and social connections to endorse them as they have a persuading influence on the public (Wolfe, A.). If all the top leaders in society, in most high ranking areas of society are within the same social group, then the influence becomes narrowed and the decisions being made are from a less broaden view of society, which negatively effects the public interest. When people from areas of middle or working class become a part of the government or higher areas of society the interest of the majority will better be represented. When looking back in history and even in cases now, “the very top positions – such as the secretaries of state or defense – were occupied by men with close ties to the leading national corporations in the United States”, and what better way to get into office than be endorsed or promoted by someone who already has a high influence and standing in the public eye. An example of this happening in today’s society would be, Donald Trump nominated Brett Kavanaugh for a chair on the Supreme Court. Popular opinion polls are not always taken into consideration as they sample a small population and do not always represent the majority, but when looking at the popular opinion polls towards Kavanaugh, he was not favored. Although in such cases like Kavanaugh, although popular opinion polls show that the majority, of even the small population that have been participated in the poll, did not want to see Kavanaugh be confirmed, but with the endorsement of Trump, Kavanaugh’s personal background, and the allegations being changed and stories not adding up, he ended up being confirmed to his chair on the Supreme Court. The elite are amongst the most influential people in government and society, the influence they have can be a factor in how people vote, but there is not factual way to prove that they influence people enough that they completely run the political system. Some could view the American political system to be influenced by the elites of society, that the interest of the majority ends up getting lost when it comes to congressional actions. The elite group in society are more likely to be within the political and government system as they have the connections, intelligence, social standing, and wealth to support them in their endeavors. Elite theory being explained as a small group of people that hold power at an unequal level of privilege, skill in society, political power or influence, and wealth. Since the elite can fund or support their own campaign or have connections to endorse them while running, and when the race gets competitive they hire a political consultant. Those who are of the elite are more likely to hire the more qualified and experienced political consultants, this is because “… receiving payment should be a key source of hesitation with taking on a client who is not assured victory”, this being that if the client that the political consultant takes on does not end up winning the election, not only does that give a bad reputation to the political consultant, but that risk them not getting paid because that person did receive their endorsements or could not fund them in the long run (Cain, S.). Although is the political consultant takes on someone from the elite group who is running for a position in the government, they have a higher chance of winning the elections because they already have a social status and funding from themselves personally, as others within their connections will contribute and make donations to support them. Congressional action is based upon the idea to keep the majorities best interest in mind, those who are within the small group of elites that are representatives and a part of congress may be there with the majority interest in mind, but they are not a part of the majority. How does one or many who are not amongst the majority, get to decide whether or not a bill, proposition, or a vote for person who is coming in a high position in government, is within the best interest of the majority. Those who should be within the government should not only be those who have high up connections, wealth, and already high social standing by affiliation, but be those who are within or have been amongst the working and middle class for the majority of their life. The middle class and the working class are the majority in the United States and with their voices in higher position of power we will get the voice of the people within the government, not just someone who takes information and statistics and uses them towards decided what the population would best vote or for the representative to vote within what they think is the best interest for the majority. “Elite theorist respond that elites do differ, but that such conflicts are largely solved by mediating mechanisms evolved within the business community”, that a lot of those that are within the small group that are referred to as elites see politics and government as a business transaction or deal, a sort of “I scratch your back, you scratch mine” (Munger, M.C.). An example would be a firm or corporation endorsing someone and promoting their companies name in your campaign or the company having a goal that will further your campaign in a positive influence. Elite theory is known as the theoretical view from which social scientists see American politics and government as the power being held by a small and wealthy group of intellectuals and businessmen, those who have a high skill set and social standing in society. The American political system is said to be a democracy in which the system of government by the entirety of the population votes in eligible members of the state to be representatives for the majority in government. This gives control over the government by the majority of its members having a right to vote for those who run government. Congressional actions can be explained by the elite theory, but not completely. Although we do have a majority of members in office that are of the elite, they still live within the country and states that the majority do and although they are in higher ranking positions of work, they as humans are not superior to the majority. They may be more wealthy, higher social standing, and some may have higher intelligence, but they do not dictate the government. The majority of the people vote in those who represent us in congress and the duty of congress is to have the publics best interest in mind. Elite theory explains congressional actions to an extent that people who already are of wealth, higher intelligence, social standing, and skill, are more inclined to be well known, influential, connected, and have a higher chance of being elected in than those who are not as wealthy or in a higher social standing. Although they have an influence on American political system, the elite do not explain all congressional action, as the political system is still a democracy that gives a right to the people who are of the population to vote those running into office and based of their ideas and goals shared, vote for who we think will best represent the majority in Congress. The political system would have to be abolished and restarted from the ground to be able to re-equalize the playing field of the elite and the working class. Bibliography Cain, S (2011). An Elite Theory of Political Consulting and Its Implications for U.S. House Election Competition. Political Behavior, 33(3), 375–405. Johnson, Paul M. (1994). Elite (elitist) Theory. A Glossary of Political Economy Terms. Auburn University. Munger, Michael C. (1993). The Structure of Corporate Political Action: Interfirm Relations and Their Consequences. American Political Science Review, 87(1), 219-220. Prewitt, Kenneth. (1973). The Ruling Elites: elite theory, power, and American democracy. New York: Harper and Row. Sall, D.,

The Relationship between Eliezer and His Father Essay

Tough and gruesome times caused by events happening around an individual’s life play a critical role in triggering emotions which can impact on the relationship that person has with others. Empirical-based research studies indicate that different individuals who have strong faith in God and also enjoy firm relationship with family and friends may lose faith in both God and mankind during trying moments. However, although relationships can be impacted upon by circumstances, strong family ties play an important role in holding individuals together as this paper examines from the relationship of Eliezer and his father. A respectful relationship The relationship Eliezer has with his father at the beginning of the story can be compared to the one he has with God soon after the tough experiences and problems at the Nazi concentration camps hits him (Spector 40). The author claims that even before going to the camps, there seems to be no cordial relationship between him and his father. This was due to the fact that his father seemed to care more about other people and issues and ignore his son Eliezer altogether. For instance, at the sighet ghetto, Eliezer had demonstrated positive attitude, passion and interest in studying mysticism. Therefore, he thought of seeking approval and mentorship role from his father who was at that time a respected member of their community and in good position to help him. Unfortunately, his father downplayed his request as a less important matter (Misco 11). Even though Eliezar’s father refuses to take the mentorship role over his son, his son still looks up to him, obey his will and regards him with utmost respect as his father and also due to his position in the Jewish community. In addition, he also respects his father because it was expected of him to do so according to the orthodox Jewish laws (Frunza 21). A caring relationship: Eliezer demonstrates his great care and willingness to protect his father from the uncertainties at the concentration camp. At Auschwitz Birkenau, Eliezer develops fear of being separated from his father whom he sees as helpless individual in need of support and care when men and women are separated (Hospital 360). Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Despite the weak bond he has with his father, Eliezer begins to feel that he would lose his father too. As a result, he is gripped with fear and develops a deep feeling of care and love for his father. When he is eventually separated from his father, the uncertainty of forthcoming experiences and need to protect his helpless father leads him towards guilt and resentment. When Eliezer is transferred to block 17 after he is separated from his father, he worries about his father’s well being and continues offering support (Jablon 320). They rely on each other for strength to live despite hardships, work and survival. On the other hand, Eliezer’s father also demonstrates great concern for his son. For instance, on the first night at Bikenau, a big fire pit is dug in the camp and children are brought in by a lorry and tossed into the fire. While Eliezer is waiting in the line for his turn, his father weeps at the thought of what Eliezer will go through. Besides, his father worries about what his son might have to face alone at the death camp and the expression of emotions by his father assures Eliezer of care and concern for his plight (Bauer 21). Works Cited Bauer, Markus. “Coming to Terms with the Past: Romania”. History Today 57.2 (2007): 21-23. Print. Frunza, Sandu. “Ethics, religion and memory in Elie Wiesel’s night” Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 9.26 (2010): 94-113. Print Hospital, Clifford. “Towards maturity in inter-faith dialogue” Cross Currents 57.3 (2007): 356-365. Print. Jablon, Rachel Leah. “Witnessing as Shivah; Memoir as Yizkor: The Formulation of Holocaust Survivor Literature as Gemilut Khasadim ” Journal of Popular Culture 38.2 (2004): 306-324. Print. We will write a custom Essay on The Relationship between Eliezer and His Father specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Misco, Thomas.””Nobody told us about what happened”: the current state of holocaust education in Romania. ”International Education 38.1 (2008): 6-21. Print. Spector, Karen. “God on the Gallows: Reading the Holocaust through Narratives of Redemption ” Research in the Teaching of English 42.1 (2007): 7-55. Print.

Tesco Rapidly Changing Environment Business Essay

best assignment help Tesco Rapidly Changing Environment Business Essay. Todays world is a rapidly changing place. Part of rapidly changing environment that managers face is the globalization of business. Management is no longer constrained by national borders. In order to function and to survive, organization has to interact constantly with the world outside. Developments across a range of factors will have an impact on your business or industry. Business environment is a set of political, economic, social and technological (PEST) forces that are largely outside the control and influence of a business and that can potentially have both a positive and a negative impact on the business. You need to understand how the external environment affects and influences the organization structure. In this situation for achieving high performance manager need to adapt an organization. In this report TESCO’s business environment is describe here. Using SWOT and PESTLE analysis tool TESCO’s business strategy clearly define. Introduction of TESCO Tesco was founded by Sir Jack Cohen in 1924. In 1919 Jack Cohen started to selling groceries in London’s markets. The Tea is the first product in which the brand name of Tesco appeared in 1920. So the name Tesco comes from the initials of TE Stockwell who was a partner in the firm of tea suppliers. The first store of Tesco was opened in 1929 in Burnt oak, Edgware. Today TESCO is one of the top three international retailers with 366,000 worldwide staff, more than 2500 stores in twelve countries which sales £41.8 billion. The vision and philosophy of TESCO is that “Every Little Helps is behind everything we do”. The Corporate Social Responsibility policy objective is to earn the trust of customers by acting good services and good relation between customers and suppliers and by building goodwill. They doing this only for earn customers loyalty and it is core purpose of Tesco. Tesco has four types of store formats for instance, Tesco Metro, Tesco Express, Tesco superstore and Tesco Extra (24 hour) all of them provide different shopping experience but same outstanding value. Tesco sells both food and non-food items. The leading market position improves its brand image and it provides a platform to start private label brands. The items include food, CDs, Books, medicine, tobacco, fruits, vegetables, alcohol, clothes, toys and electrical goods. Tesco has an exciting brand name. It is related with the good quality, honest goods and services that characterize excellent value. A strong brand name and moreover the attractive customer preservation rates are helps the group to introduce more products under its own labels and allocate it to enter new markets. is one of the leading online grocery shopping services in the world and the fourth biggest online retailer in the UK. Amazon, Dell and Argos are placed in the first three positions. serves more than one million regular customers in the UK including households from both urban and rural areas. The group has developed store, an online service, for the customer in the UK with limited accessibility to physical stores. Tesco operates three types of operations: The First one is UK operations; it is categorized by five formats which are different from size, location and products. The largest operation of UK is in new cast. In addition to food, it also operates in the non food fragment items including clothing, electrical goods, home entertainment, stationery, kitchen items and furniture’s. The Second operation is outside UK. The other British retailers who tried to expand international business have failed but Tesco has been succeeding to build an international business. It started this operation in 2004. The Third one is Internet operations. In 1994 Tesco also started to operate internet and it is the first retailer in the world who offered home shopping service since 1996. It expanded online ranges as books, wine, movies and electrical goods. From the above information it is clear that although the performance of TESCO has been affected in some areas but it has still value in the market due to reputation and name of TESCO in the market. However TESCO achieved its target in food sector. TESCO ltd has been survived through competition over the last four years in the market but still it is one of the largest retailer companies in the UK. SWOT ANALYSIS: SWOT analysis is a tool for auditing an organization and its environment. It is the first stage of planning and helps managers to focus on key issues. SWOT means Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats. Strengths and Weaknesses are internal factors. Opportunities and Threats are external factors. Strengths In global market place TESCO have secured commercial standing because of winning “World Retail Awards” in Year 2008. This can be used for marketing campaigns to drive advantage towards the demographic base for future growth and sustainability. In an environment where global retail sales are showing decline TESCO Group has published sales gain of 13% for UK markets and 26% growth in international markets. is the world’s biggest online supermarket. Tesco online now operates in over 270 stores around the country, covering 96% of the UK. With over a million households nationwide having used the company’s online services, the company has a strong platform to further develop this revenue stream. Profits for Tesco’s operations in Europe, Asia and Ireland increased by 78% during the last fiscal year. The company has a strong brand image, and is associated with good quality, trustworthy goods that represent excellent value. Since acquiring number one ranking in 1996, Tesco has developed a successful multi format strategy that has accelerated its advantage. Its UK sales are now 71% larger than Sainsbury’s. Weaknesses: TESCO’s position as a price leader in UK markets can lead to reduced profit margins in order to retain the key price points on must have commercial items. TESCO Finance profit levels were impacted through credit card arrears, bad debt and household insurance claims. One of Tesco’s weaknesses has been its failure to dominate the city centre marketplace. Although it has some prominent city centre stores, e.g. the Carlisle store in the North of England, it has failed to make them universal. Grocer outlets are not set up to operate as specialist retailers in specific areas of product which can be capitalized on by other smaller bespoke retailers. Opportunities: Statistics suggest TESCO is the third largest global grocer which indicates a level of buying power to ensure mainstream economies of scale. The acquisition of whoever provides the opportunity to develop the brand through Asia, specifically South Korea and further grow International markets for the group. The development of Tesco Direct through online and catalogue shopping will grow the use of technology. Providing non food based products with moderate to high margin returns and less focus on sales and margin per foot return to space. TESCO mobile have grown 0.25 million customers in 2008 and moved into profitable status suggesting further growth and development within this technological area can be developed. Threats: Food and non food items’ raw material cost is rising, will impact profit margins overall. In far East locations exporting restrictions on some non food product areas will reduce margin rates on products with already low margins. American and UK markets have been affected by economic concerns through the “credit crunch”. Lower available income will impact and strategic focus may need to change to lower priced basic products with less focus on higher priced brands suggesting a switch in price architecture. For TESCO, there is a persistent threat of takeover from the market leader Wal-Mart who has both means and motive to pursue such action. PESTLE analysis: In analyzing the macro-environment, it is important to identify the factors that might in turn affect a number of vital variables that are likely to influence the organization’s supply and demand levels and its costs (Kotter and Schlesinger, 1991; Johnson and Scholes, 1993). Because of ongoing changes that impact the whole organization. PESTLE analysis categorizes environmental influences as Political, Economic, Social, Technological, Environmental and Legal forces. The analysis examines the impact of each of these factors (and their interplay with each other) on the business. Using these results take advantage of opportunities and to make contingency plans for threats when preparing Business and Strategic plans. Political Factors: Tesco now operates in six countries in Europe in addition to the UK. Tesco’s performance is highly influenced by the political and legislative conditions of these countries, including the European Union (EU). For employment legislations, the government encourages retailers to provide a mix of job opportunities from flexible, lower-paid and locally-based jobs to highly-skilled, higher-paid and centrally-located jobs (Balchin, 1994). Also to meet the demand from population categories such as students, working parents and senior citizens. Tesco understands that retailing has a great impact on jobs and people factors, being an inherently local and labour-intensive sector. Tesco employs large numbers of student, disabled and elderly workers, often paying them lower rates. In an industry with a typically high staff turnover, these workers offer a higher level of loyalty and therefore represent desirable employees. Economical Factors: Economic factors are of concern to Tesco, because they are likely to influence demand, costs, prices and profits. One of the most influential factors on the economy is high unemployment levels, which decreases the effective demand for many goods, adversely affecting the demand required to produce such goods. These economic factors are largely outside the control of the company, but their effects on performance and the marketing mix can be profound. Although international business is still growing and is expected to contribute greater amounts to Tesco’s profits over the next few years, the company is still highly dependent on the UK market. Hence, Tesco would be badly affected by any slowdown in the UK food market and are exposed to market concentration risks. Social Factors: Current trends indicate that British customers have moved towards ‘one-stop’ and ‘bulk’ shopping, which is due to a variety of social changes. Tesco have, therefore, increased the amount of non-food items available for sale. UK retailers are also focusing on added-value products and services. In addition, the focus is now towards; the supply chain, the own-label share of the business mix and other operational improvements, which can drive costs out of the business. National retailers are increasingly reticent to take on new suppliers (Clarke, Bennison and Guy,1994; Datamonitor Report, 2003). The type of goods and services demanded by consumers is a function of their social conditioning. Consumers are becoming more and more aware of health issues, and their attitudes towards food are constantly changing. One example of Tesco adapting its product mix is to accommodate an increased demand for organic products. The company was also the first to allow customers to pay in cheques and cash at the checkout. Technological Factors: Technology is a major macro-environmental variable which has influenced the development of many of the Tesco products. The new technologies benefit both customers and the company: customer satisfaction rises because goods are readily available, services can become more personalized and shopping more convenient. Tesco stores utilize the following technologies: Wireless devices Intelligent scale Electronic shelf labeling Self check-out machine Radio Frequency Identification (RFID). The adoption of Electronic Point of Sale (EPoS), Electronic Funds Transfer Systems (EFTPoS) and electronic scanners have greatly improved the efficiency of distribution and stocking activities, with needs being communicated almost in real time to the supplier (Finch, 2004). Environmental Factors: In 2003, there has been increased pressure on many companies and managers to acknowledge their responsibility to society, and act in a way which benefits society overall (Lindgreen and Hingley, 2003). The major societal issue threatening food retailers has been environmental issues, a key area for companies to act in a socially responsible way. Hence, by recognizing this trend within the broad ethical stance. Tesco’s corporate social responsibility is concerned with the ways in which an organization exceeds the minimum obligations to stakeholders specified through regulation and corporate governance. (Johnson and Scholes, 2003) Graiser and Scott (2004) state that in 2003 the government has intended to launch a new strategy for sustainable consumption and production to cut waste, reduce consumption of resources and minimize environmental damage. The latest legislation created a new tax on advertising highly processed and fatty foods. The so-called ‘fat tax’ directly affected the Tesco product ranges that have subsequently been adapted, affecting relationships with both suppliers and customers. Legal Factors: Various government policies and legislations have a direct impact on the performance of Tesco. For instance, the Food Retailing Commission (FRC) suggested an enforceable Code of Practice should be set up banning many of the current practices, such as demanding payments from suppliers and changing agreed prices retrospectively or without notice (Mintel Report, 2004). The presence of powerful competitors with established brands creates a threat of intense price wars and strong requirements for product differentiation. The government’s policies for monopoly controls and reduction of buyers’ power can limit entry to this sector with such controls as license requirements and limits on access to raw materials (Mintel Report, 2004; Myers, 2004). In order to implement politically correct pricing policies, Tesco offers consumers a price reduction on fuel purchases based on the amount spent on groceries at its stores. While prices are lowered on promoted goods, prices elsewhere in the store are raised to compensate. Organizational Business Strategy: To produce great business performance it is necessary to turn strategies and plan into individual actions but it is not easy. Many companies repeatedly fail to truly motivate their people to work with enthusiasm, all together towards the corporate aim. Most companies and organizations know their businesses and strategies required for success. However many corporations especially large ones struggle to translate the theory into action plans that will enable the strategy to be successfully implemented and sustained. Formalization: Formalization is the extent to which rules and procedures are followed in an organization. This element varies across organizations. For example in some organization arrival and departure times to and from work are specified. In other organizations employees will spend sufficient time on the job to get the work done. In some organizations many rules are codified in huge manuals but no one pays attention to them. In others little is written down but rules are informally understood and followed. The most useful definition of formalization is that it represents the use of rules in an organization. The degree to which rules are followed not the degree to which they are codified. In Tesco shift type working system is there. Time punctuation is most important in Tesco. Each and every staff wears particular uniform. Specialization: Work specializations to describe the degree to which activities in the organization are subdivided into separate jobs. The essence of work specialization is that rather than an entire job being done by one individual it is broken down into a number of steps with each step being completed by a separate individual. In essence individuals specialize in doing part of an activity rather to the entire activity. In Tesco according to different positions different roles are there like general manager, purchasing manager, technical manager, finance manager, HR manager, customer service assistance etc. Hierarchy: In a hierarchical organization employees are ranked at various levels within the organization, each level is one above the other. At each stage in the chain, one person has a number of workers directly under them, within their span of control. The chain of command is a typical pyramid shape. A tall hierarchical organisation has many levels and a flat hierarchical organisation will only have a few. Tesco has a flat hierarchical structure with just six levels between checkout staff and chief executive. Each store manager is responsible for their store. External Environment: In retail Tesco is top of supermarket in UK. There are many competitors like Asda, Sainsbury. In current market position Tesco’s share is more than other retail company. Every year growth of Tesco is increase. In market position Tesco is stable. Culture: Tesco is now in international market. In Tesco many different culture people are working together not any obligation for culture and people’s value is same. In Tesco clear norms and value are there. Professionalism: Training is most important for every company. In some companies training is given by professional way while in small companies training is formal. Tesco gives high professional training. Goals and Strategy: Top management is to determine an organization’s goals, strategy and design. Organization’s mission is the official goal whereas in organization actually pursues, specific outcomes like resources, overall performance, market, employ development, innovation, productivity are operative goals. Strategy means plan for achieving organizational goals in competitive environment. Goals define where the organization wants to go, strategy how it will get there. Tesco’s main goal is to create value for customer to earn their lifetime loyalty. For achieving this goal Tesco do something new for customer. Tesco will remove plastic and paper bags. Size: Size of company is determined by number of stores it has and number of employees it has. It is also determined by revenue of company. It had revenue of 47.3 billion pounds for the year 2008. This made Tesco the fourth largest retailer of the world. Tesco is operating as 2318 stores and more than 326000 employees. Conclusion: Tesco Rapidly Changing Environment Business Essay

Site report not book.

Site report not book.. I need help with a Writing question. All explanations and answers will be used to help me learn.

My class is Family and human services programs. and i would like you to do a report about this specific organization:
with this guidelines:
This assignment has three parts.
The first part is to choose a human service organization and gather information regarding the structure and services of the organization.Do NOT ask the organization to give you a tour or set up a meeting.Appropriate ways to obtain this information is looking online and through their brochures. When determining which organizations to research, consider the nature of the work that is of greatest interest to you and select agencies that offer these opportunities.
For the second part, you will explore the range of professional working at that agency.Chose 3 different roles of professionals in the agency to explore further.What does the role that professional play in the agency?What other types of roles does this profession play in other organizations?
The third part of the assignment is to summarize your findings from part one and part two in a user-friendly document and then to discuss your findings with a small group. In addition to turning in a digital copy, please bring a hard copy into class to discuss with peers. a rubric, can be found on attachment.
So you have to do the site report to be easy to read and (not an essay format).
Site report not book.

Communication in Nursing Handover

Share this: Facebook Twitter Reddit LinkedIn WhatsApp Communication is a very important aspect of medical training. Poor communication is the root cause for the majority of complaints against the National Health Service (NHS) (Pincock S. , 2004). Communication is especially important at handover to ensure continuity of appropriate medical care and to ensure safety of patients. The added constraint in medical handovers is that the process is limited by time. The SBAR (Situation, Background, Assessment and Recommendation) tool is intended for effective transfer of information between health professionals in a concise, factual and standardised structure. This article assesses the importance of teaching communication in medical education with particular emphasis on handover, the available literature on SBAR and the author’s view on SBAR as a communication tool for medical students and trainee doctors. Introduction Communication lies at the heart of good medical practice. The General Medical Council has mandated the need for good communication skills to ensure that patients are kept informed of their condition, progress, investigations, treatment and progress. Good communication skills are also necessary to ensure continuity of patient care and to ensure patient safety. The introduction of the shift system has made effective communication more important (General Medical Council). Poor communication is the root cause for the majority of complaints in the National Health Service. Poor communication between health professionals, failure to take informed consent and improper handling of complaints are the major reasons and effective communication could have reduced the disputes and complaints (Pincock S. , 2004). Teaching communication to medical students in UK medical schools The UK council of communication skills in undergraduate medical education was established in 2005 with the aim of raising awareness, to improve current teaching, to improve and to develop consensus on the communication training provided to medical students (The UK council of communication skills in undergraduate medical education). This in the author’s opinion represents a major step towards recognition of the need for training medical students in communication skills training. In addition to the benefits which better communication has in relation to patient safety and reducing complaints, research has indicated that teaching communication skills to medical students improved their overall performance (Smith, Hanson,