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Recession in the Hotel Industry

Recession in the Hotel Industry. A marketing environment comprises of macro and micro elements. Marketers should consider both internal and external environments to understand the whole of the market in which they want to sell their products or services (Masterson and Pickton, 2004). Normally, in a time of recession, customers do not spend too much money on overseas holidays (Mintel, 2009), because they see them as a luxuries. One could expect, therefore, customers would prefer take short city breaks or a domestic holiday. Businessman also may choose budget priced accommodation for their business trips. Moreover, consumer-spending power has diminished, as they have had to ‘draw-in’ their purse strings, although levels of personal disposable income have been maintained to a degree because of historically low interest rates. Mintel(2010) estimates that personal disposable income stagnated between 2004 and 2009. The hotel industry has been notably affected by the recession. Environment analysis using such models as, PRESTCOM, Porter’s Five Forces, SWOT Analysis and Segmentation can be used to examine the effect of the recession upon the hotel industry and for this reason models will be used in this report. 2.1.1 POLITICAL Up to 1978, the hotel industry developed rapidly but after that date, the economy increasingly became market-oriented. This improvement created a much better environment for the industry in which to develop (Hornsby, 1990). According to Kotler (1996), the political environment strongly affects the hospitality industry. The political environment is comprised of laws, government agencies and pressure groups that influence and limit the activities of various organisations and individuals in society. Furthermore, the EU has proposed plans to sponsor holidays for individuals who do not have enough money to travel. According to Travel Weekly (2010), these plans assist many customers with financial problems to have a holiday. For example, young persons aged from 18 to 25, disabled people and pensioners, etc. The idea to help these people travel was put forward by Antonio Tajani, the EU Commissioner for Enterprise and Industry, who declared that a holiday is a human right. Therefore, this proposal could actually stimulate consumption and offer individuals more opportunities to have holidays. Perhaps this might be good news for the hotel industry during the recession. 2.1.2 REGULATORY An environment that is regulated protects companies from each other. While most businesses praise the virtues of competition, they try to counteract it when it affects them. Another way is try to restrict a company’s unfair dealings and illegal transactions. Furthermore, regulation also aims to protect consumers from unfair business practices. If unregulated, firms might provide unsafe, low quality products, poor services, be untruthful in their advertising or deceive through packaging and pricing. VisitBritain, the body, which aims to promote UK tourism, has launched a £6.5 million advertising campaign outside the UK to promote the affordability of Britain as a destination. However, it calls for this investment to be matched by the UK government have so far been unsuccessful (Mintel, 2009). Moreover, hotel and restaurant taxes have become a popular source of revenue for local government. Hotel taxes are supposed to be used to support tourism; however, how this money is spent has been subject to liberal interpretation. Therefore, hotel managers should make sure that these taxes, which are designated to promote tourism, are used properly and effectively. 2.1.3 ECONOMIC FACTORS One factor that complicates the situation is the weakness of the pound against the Euro and Dollar. Sterling has lost value rapidly over the last year. In July 2008, one pound would still buy $2 but by November 2008, it was worth only $1.48, the lowest level for 6 years. Similarly, at one point the pound was almost equal in value to one Euro. While this is bad news for people buying goods or travelling outside the UK, it also means that UK goods and services become more attractively priced from the point of view of Euro Zone or USA travellers (O’Grady, 2008) The economical environment is comprised of the following factors: Wage inflation: During a recession wages might increase. It is depends upon decisions to cut or increase wages that are made by employers. Therefore, hotel managers should pay more attention to income distribution as well as average earnings. Price inflation: In a recession, if the economy declines then commodity prices will rise. This factor will influence the decisions customers make whether to travel or not. Gross domestic product per capita (GDP): The most important economic factors are customer’s purchasing powers and spending patterns. GDP can indicate the magnitude of these factors, because total purchasing power depends on current incomes, prices, savings and credit. Hotel managers, therefore, must be aware of major trends in income and changing consumer-spending patterns. Exchange rates: The UK economy has weakened, the value of the pound against the Euro has decreased and therefore, customers might choose domestic tourism for their holidays. Even during a recession, customers still holiday but prefer to take short breaks to reward themselves. Mintel’s Annual Survey of Spending Priorities in 2009 showed that holidays remain the leading concern for consumers, despite the recession. Furthermore, all other leading consumer priorities showed little change compared to pre-recessionary times. Specifically, hotels in the UK appear relatively cheap since the fall in the value of sterling and hence more attractive to inbound travellers and tourists. At the same time, this means it is less attractive for UK holidaymakers to travel to the Euro Zone or USA and more attractive to stay at home. 2.1.4 SOCIAL FACTORS The age profile of the UK population is increasing. Furthermore, Mintel’s (2009) exclusive consumer research reveals that older adult usage of budget hotels is slightly below the national average; however, it is somewhat more than for young people. However, even during the recession, some people remain unaffected and they still stay in luxury hotels, such as, the Ritz or the Hilton. They do not care about the cost because they lead a luxurious lifestyle. Although these people have not changed their pattern of consumption, however, most customers will be affected by the recession and they might prefer to choose budget and not mid-range hotels when they travel. 2.1.5 TECHNOLOGICAL FACTORS Technology has a significantly affected the hotel industry in many ways, for example, Travelodge launched a free iPhone application that allows users to locate their five nearest Travelodges by GPS. They can see the availability, prices and book rooms. Moreover, customers can reserve their accommodation or check-in by via internet. In addition, they can obtain information via new platforms, such as, Facebook or Twitter. These and other technological advances help companies to become more effective in the marketplace, however, internet penetration levels and demographic breakdowns might make operators use of this distribution channel ever more viable. If firms adopt useful technological advances, they will gain a competitive edge. 2.1.6 COMPETITION FACTORS Since hotels are a service industry, human resources have become an indispensable element of the market. If the turnover ratio of employees is low, the centripetal of employees will be strong. As a result, the company will have the advantage of competition. The main substitutes who could replace the customers’ decision in the UK hotel market are those from other countries. Foreign customers may plan to visit the UK from places where they live, such as, France and Spain. However, Country House or BedRecession in the Hotel Industry
Share this: Facebook Twitter Reddit LinkedIn WhatsApp To listen to another person is the most caring act of all. Listening and attending are by far the most important aspects of being a nurse (Burnard 1992). One of the basic elements of nursing is good communication skills with patients. Being unable to communicate well with a patient immediately can destroy the nurse/patient relationship and therefore the patient may not trust the nurse (Anon 2007). The purpose of this essay is to discuss the importance of communication in nursing. Without communication nurses would be unable to provide the correct care, but improving communication is a life-long developmental process (Ewles and Simnett 2005). I will draw upon my personal experience from the clinical area to show how well the theory relates to the practical side of nursing and use the process recording sheet for structure and guidance (Appendix i). In accordance with The Nursing and Midwifery Council (2008) Code of Conduct, nurses must respect people’s right to confidentiality. Therefore for the purpose of this essay I have used a pseudonym and the patient discussed is referred to as Carol Brown and any personal or identifiable information has also been altered so as to protect her privacy and dignity which are also enshrined in the Nursing and Midwifery Council (2008) Code of Conduct. I asked Carol for explicit permission to use our interpersonal relationship in my communications essay and advised her of my obligations on my professional conduct to which I am bound by the Nursing and Midwifery Council (2008), regarding professional, moral and safe practice. Carol was in agreement to be involved with my assignment and on no account was her physical care at risk during this interaction. I was nearing the end of my placement in a general medical ward within a large general hospital. The ward treat a variety of medical complaints including diabetes, gastrointestinal disorders, stroke and alcohol liver disease. A young 36 year old female was admitted to the ward, now known as Carol Brown with an increased weight loss due to non-intentional self-neglect probably caused by her chronic condition although could be deep rooted to family relationships (Day and Leahy-Warren 2008). Carol was awaiting heart surgery, replacement hips and replacement knees at major surgical hospital in another area of the country. Her health status was poor as she suffered from rheumatoid arthritis, psoriasis, and had a congenital heart defect. Carol was in need of pain management, and although it was currently being managed with a variety of powerful painkillers, these proved to have little relief. Carol spent the majority of time in bed due to her severe pain, and due to this she cried out a lot. I thought that communication would be difficult with Carol as she was mostly in pain but I also believed that she would like someone to talk to but that person would need to be a good listener. It is important to remember that nurses have the duty to provide care holistically, for the whole person, not just for their physical needs but their mental and social needs too (Kenworthy et al. 2002). Carol liked to be washed in her bed every morning as movement for her was difficult. The bay that she was in was busy with little privacy and only the curtains for seclusion. I went into assist her to wash one morning and because of her psoriasis she needed special creams applied routinely. She spoke quietly about her illness and explained her difficulties to me. Her head was bowed and she had difficulty in making eye contact. She talked slowly and quietly and sometimes mumbled, she also appeared quite melancholy at times. Talking about her family, her illness and when she was younger made her sad and she was crying. I think this was cathartic for Carol and it could be that feelings beneath the surface may need uncovered in more detail to enable her to release her emotions (Bulman and Schutz 2008). I felt that Carol’s ability to communicate was linked to how she felt about herself. She was inclined to judge herself too severely and underestimated her abilities. This self-blame reflected her ability to communicate (Ewles and Simnett 2005). She was in so much pain, her head was bowed and she could not make eye contact. I was leaning in close to her bedside, touch was not good, her body was too sore. I tried to show empathy towards Carol by giving her time to talk, being patient and listening to her. This was an example of Egan’s (2007) Soler theory which is a non-verbal listening method that is used commonly in communication. Was she crying because she was in so much pain or was it because she was recalling happy memories from before she fell ill? I was keen in developing the therapeutic relationship. According to Arnold and Undermann-Boggs (2003), empathy is the ability to be sensitive to and communicate understanding of the patient’s feelings. Being compassionate is similar to being empathetic in a way that it is important to recognise that Carol’s feelings belong to her and not to me. I was interested in Carol’s illness, to learn more about her condition and hear about her difficulties. Getting to know your patient helps to promote dignified care (Nicholson et al. 2010). She was very independent and wanted to do as much as she could by herself. Help was minimal and she only asked when she was struggling to re-position her feet. I used active listening to allow to her speak without interrupting. Active listening is not only the act of hearing but of being able to interpretate any underlying meaning (Arnold and Undermann-Boggs (2003). I paid close attention to her facial expressions and body language and Argyle (1988 p.57) suggests “facial expressions provide a running commentary on emotional states”. I asked Carol open questions about her illness as I thought this would allow me to encourage her to talk and she responded to this well. “Open ended questions are used to elicit the client’s thoughts and perspectives without influencing the direction of an acceptable response” (Arnold and Undermann-Boggs 2003 p.241). It also allowed Carol to describe her experiences, feelings and understandings and I felt this approach was appropriate. I wanted to try and distract her from her pain as I found it difficult to see her being so unhappy, so I commented on some magazines that were lying on her table and asked her about her taste in music. This was a good subject, her eyes lit up and she smiled. We finally made eye contact. Carol and myself were exchanging verbal and non-verbal communication in order to understand each other’s feelings. According to Kozier (2008) non-verbal communication can include the use of silence, facial expressions, touch and body posture. Carol was keen to talk about her taste in music and became very chatty, in fact, she became somewhat excited. I put some cd’s on for her to listen to and as I did this she asked me questions about my taste in music. There was now no barriers to our communication as we both shared the same taste in music. When the music was playing Carol was in a different world, she was more relaxed. Research has shown that the pain and tension of illnesses such as arthritis can be eased with music therapy (Murcott 2006). I took her hand and held it gently, her eyes were closed, she was smiling and she appeared more content. By holding her hand, I felt as though I was comforting and reassuring her. Touch is a form of non-verbal communication and can be a powerful way of communicating (le May 2004). This was an indication that I really did care and that I wanted to help her. “Using touch skilfully and thoughtfully can convey that you are able to ‘be with’ your patient” (Benner 2001 p.57). Communication can be therapeutic and the music playing was not a barrier in communications, it was in fact beneficial. Music has the power to tap into our emotions and alleviate tension (Mallon 2000). Therefore, it is argued that effective communication is more than delivering high quality patient-centred care; but it also allows patients to feel involved in their care, which can make a significant difference to their outlook on their treatment (Collins 2009). Reflecting back I realised that I was really quite worried about the communication difficulties I was facing during my interaction. Carol was a very obstinate person who knew exactly what she needed and yet she desperately wanted to be as independent as possible. I wanted her to allow me ‘in’ and for her to be comfortable with me. I am glad I eventually gained her trust and we both became more relaxed. Trust is an important element in the nurse/patient relationship and can in fact affect the patient care in practice (Bell and Duffy 2009). In fact, the impact that this interaction had on our relationship was that as the days went on we became very good friends and she was very special to me. Sully and Dallas (2005), suggests that to have an empathetic understanding of our patient’s needs we must recognise their need for comfort and we respond to this compassionately. It was important to be non-judgemental, I accepted Carol for who she was no matter what her circumstances were and my main concern was to care for her in a professional and beneficial way and in a manner that she preferred. The Royal College of Nursing (2003) suggests that the personal qualities of a nurse should include compassion, respect and a non-judgemental approach. Putting the interaction into perspective, I originally found Carol very demanding, always calling out and constantly pressing the call buzzer. Some staff were very reluctant to go to her because her personal care was very time consuming. It was time consuming but it was because she was in a lot of pain. Surely this was a barrier to communication as some staff did not take the time to listen to what Carol required and as health promoters, we need to develop skills of effective listening so that we can help people to talk and express their needs and feelings (Ewles and Simnett 2005). Rogers (2004) used the term unconditional positive regard, this meaning that people can be too judgemental and it is important to disregard how much of a ‘burden’ someone thinks a patient with complex needs might be and treat everyone equally. From recording and analysing my interactions I have learned to accept people for who they are as each of us have had different experiences throughout life and these experiences make us who we are. It was also important to acknowledge Carol’s point of view, her emotions and thoughts without judgement as being aware of these helped to appreciate her perspective and needs (Silverman et al. 2005). I have also learned to be a good listener and an active listener. Ewles and Simnett (2005) suggest that this means taking note of the non-verbal communication as well as the spoken words. It is important to maintain eye contact, observe the body language, listen properly and pick up on non-verbal signs as well as verbal signs. The environment is important too, along with being sensitive, honest and compassionate (Anon 2007). Collins (2007) argues that judgemental attitudes can stand in the way of getting to know your patient and that labels attached to individuals such as ‘demented’ can act as a language barrier. Effective nursing requires us to be assertive, responsible and to help our patients achieve the best possible health status (Balzer Riley 2008). In conclusion, the key points that have been discussed in this essay are that of the importance of communicating in nursing and how nurses can improve their communication skills and maintain their effectiveness. We must provide holistic care for our patients and the goal is to listen to the whole person and provide them with empathetic understanding. Another key point is that we must be non judgemental no matter what the patient’s circumstances are. Overall communication during this interaction was positive, therapeutic and helped to build a relationship. This essay has shown how personal experience from the clinical area relates the theory to the practical side of nursing and how it is imperative that communication is clear, understandable, appropriate and effective. 2059 words References ANON., 2007. Communication skills (essence of care benchmark). Nursing Times. (Accessed on 21.07.10). ARNOLD, E., and UNDERMANN-BOGGS, K., 2003. Interpersonal relationships: professional communication skills for nurses. 4th ed. Missouri: Saunders. BELL, E., and DUFFY, A., 2009. A concept analysis of nurse-patient trust. British Journal of Nursing. 18(1), pp. 46-51. BENNER, P., 2001. From novice to expert: excellence and power in clinical nursing practice. New Jersey: Prentice Hall. BLAZER-RILEY, J., 2008. Communication in nursing. 6th ed. Missouri: Elsevier. BULMAN, C., and SCHUTZ, S., 2008. Reflective practice in nursing. 4th ed. Sussex: Blackwell. BURNARD, P., 1992. Counselling: a guide to practice in nursing. Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann. COLLINS, S., 2009. Good communication helps to build a therapeutic relationship. Nursing Times. 105(24), pp.11-12. DAY, M.R., LEAHY-WARREN, P., (2008). Self-neglect 1: recognising features and risk factors. Nursing Times. 104(24), pp.26-27. EGAN, G., 2007. The skilled helper: a problem management and opportunity development approach to helping. 8th ed. California:Thomson. EWLES, L., and SIMNETT, I., 2005. Promoting health: a practical guide. 5th ed. Edinburgh: Bailliere Tindall. KENWORTHY, N., et al., 2002. Common foundation studies in nursing. 3rd ed. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone. KOZIER, B., et al., 2008. Fundamentals of nursing: concepts, process and practice. Essex: Pearson Education. LE MAY, A., 2004. Building rapport through non-verbal communication. Nursing and Residental Care. 6(10), pp. 488-491. MALLON, M., 2000. Healing Sounds. The Scotsman. 12th May, p.9. MURCOTT, T., 2006. Music Therapy. The Times. 18th February, p. 17. NICHOLSON, C. et al., 2010. Everybody matters 1: how getting to know your patients helps to promote dignified care. Nursing Times. 106(20), pp. 12-14. NURSING AND MIDWIFERY COUNCIL, 2008. The NMC code of professional conduct: standards for conduct, performance and ethics. London: NMC. ROGERS, C., 2004. On becoming a person: a therapist’s view of psychotherapy. London: Constable. ROYAL COLLEGE OF NURSING, 2003. Defining nursing. RCN. (Accessed on 29.07.10). SILVERMAN, J., et al., 2005. Skills for communicating with patients. 2nd ed. Oxon: Radcliffe publishing. SULLY, P., and DALLAS, J., 2005. Essential communication skills for nursing. Edinburgh: Elsevier. Share this: Facebook Twitter Reddit LinkedIn WhatsApp
Capella University Discussion about Schizophrenia and Personality Disorder.

Discussion 1 Diathesis-Stress, Comorbidity, and Cultural Impact Respond to the following in your initial post: Choose one disorder covered in the readings for this unit, and apply the diathesis-stress model to understanding it.Choose two possible categories of substance abuse from the DSM and compare and contrast the interactive impact these substance abuse disorders would likely have on the disorder you are writing about.Choose two different ethnic or cultural groups in the United States. Compare and contrast the impact of this diagnosis on members of these two groups.Be sure to put the name of the disorder in the subject line of your post. Note: Your initial post in this discussion needs to address a different disorder than the one you address in the second discussion in this unit (u08d2). Discussion 2 Diagnosis Controversy Choose one of the disorders covered in the chapters of the DSM-5 that you read for this unit. Discover and review sources of information on the disorder from outside of the course materials, and present a description of some current issue or controversy in the diagnosis (not treatment) of this disorder.Be careful to analyze cultural influences in this controversy and to compare DSM-5 and ICD-10 terms.Put the name of the disorder in the subject line of the post. Note: Your initial post in this discussion needs to address a different disorder than the one you address in the first discussion in this unit (u08d1).
Capella University Discussion about Schizophrenia and Personality Disorder

University of Oxford Cultural Process and Processual Archaeology Discussion.

OverviewThis discussion focuses on important theories that help to explain culture change as well as on the methods and techniques archaeologists use in (and out of) the field. It is important to understand these theoretical perspectives as they help to define our view of human behavior and society. Be sure to complete the readings for this module as preparation for your initial post.InstructionsInital PostThere are two discussion prompt options. Choose one of them and note the option as the subject line of your answer post. NOTE: Answer posts are due earlier than responses to others. Be sure to answer thoroughly and provide APA-style citations as needed.Option A: Choose any method or dating technique and explain how it contributes to archaeology. Include any relevant information such as person(s) responsible, where/how applicable, shortcomings, etc.Option B: Explain how cultures change using an archaeological/anthropological theory. Include any relevant information such as person(s) responsible, where/how applicable, shortcomings, etc.Response PostsRead through your instructor’s and classmates’ posts.Post a substantive response to at least two other classmates’ initial post. Make sure the post contributes to the conversation rather than just saying something like “I agree with you” or “You did a good job on this post”.You are encouraged to make one of your replies to a peer who answered the other question option.
University of Oxford Cultural Process and Processual Archaeology Discussion

Design for Developing Countries Aid

Topic: Like development aid, much design for development has been increasingly criticised for not having real, sufficient, diverse or lasting value for the people it is intended for. Research three recent examples of capability-sensitive design from one or more design disciplines – architecture, urban planning, or industrial, communication, multi-media or digital design – that improves the lives of poor people in developing countries. One design should be sourced by a designer/s from a developing country. Discuss aspects of each example’s potential for real, sufficient, diverse and lasting value for the targeted users and the makers where is it made/built in a developing nation Word count _1731_ Design for development has continually been criticised for not having a real and diverse effect on people without any sufficient of sustainable value for the people that is intended for. This concept of design for development is not new and has been around in the world for a long time. Especially since the 1960s, the idea of developmental design and its process has been mentioned infrequently, however failing to be a permanent name in the process (Margolin 2007, p.111). Design for development are those designs that are beneficial for the population that are in need, that demonstrates the ‘pedalling to prosperity’ concept. Pedalling to prosperity involves designs engineered to be affordable to the dollar-a-day customers with a fair market price eventually leading families out of poverty. Many designers and engineers focus on providing the best services for the percentage of the world that is financially ahead and this has been seen as an opportunity where there is a monetary gain for the people involved. Such example of this are engineers developing elegant shapes for modern cars that only a handful of people can afford. However, there is a majority of people in the world who can only dream about riding a bicycle, and these designs intended for the rich would not affect their lives (Polak 2007, p.19). As the world continues on with advanced technology and an increasing awareness for the population inflicted with poverty, designers should focus on the designing and making the lives of these people better. Designing for those in-need plays an important role in the ethics and morals of designers and the services they provide. It is fair to expect a monetary gain in designing luxury items that appeal to the rich. Nevertheless, there seems to be a big opportunity for recognition and marketing in designing for the ninety percent of the population in developing countries afflicted with poverty and lack of resources. The slightest of contribution and effort into communities such as these would show a huge change in their daily routine, leading to a better quality of life. A capability sensitive design approach is required, where it focuses on the moral significance of individual’s capability of achieving life with value for developmental design. Sanitation and hygiene has been one of the most challenging areas in economically challenged communities in developing countries. Countries in South Asia, such as India has been facing this issue for a long time, with about 55% of the population in India having no access to toilets. O’Reilly and Louis (2014), have quoted that, “The focus of policy and research has shifted to the creation of demand for sanitation because low demand at the household level has been blamed for the failure of sanitation initiatives.” Many villages in India has lacked a proper toiletry system and factors such as poverty, inequality and minimal or no access to resources continually act as restraints to proper sanitisation. This leads to various waterborne diseases such as diarrhea, dysentery, cholera etc. These diseases which can even lead to death, as in most cases with infants, thus has a negative impact on the well being of the overall community and greatly affects the quality of life. It is essential that there should be a focus on engaging the social and economic factors to lead people to toilet adoption, which comes from proving the right toilet designs, involving the community, providing specific solutions to the local area and understanding the people’s views on sanitation. The portable and eco-friendly eToilet concept introduced by civil engineer Bincy Baby with the help of Eram Scientific Solutions Pvt. Ltd. in the villages at India, which focused on providing a hygienically maintained toilet challenged the constraints and provided with a sustainable solution for the country. Figure 1. The first hygienically and unmanned e-Toilet at the Surajkund Fair in India. ( The e-Toilets contain sensor-based technology that self-maintains and includes a water conservation mechanism. This toilet also provides instructional note outside the toilet and also contains audio commands inside activated through a sensor based light system. There are now 500 toilets in ten different states in India, especially at schools which has allowed the communities to practice safe hygiene and prevent any diseases and this has seen a gradual change in the public sanitisation scene in the country. Hancock (2001), argues that a more human-centred development is required instead of an economic-centred approach and as a society, the idea of improving quality should be in the forefront of our minds while designing for development. In Kenya, due to the poor infrastructure and rural roads, limited access to facilities and a lack of modern technology, it has proven to be a challenge for local villages where agriculture is their backbone. There is also a high reliance on rainfall which can lead to fluctuating production and income in agriculture (Alila and Atieno 2006, p.5). Thus, small designs to make the people in the villages benefit from agriculture can lead to a better quality of life. Programmes such as the Kenya Towns Sustainable Water Supply and Sanitisation work towards providing access and increasing availability to water sources. The Africa Research Bulletin (2017), states that, “The programme aims to catalyse commercial activities, drive economic growth, improve people’s quality of life and build resilience against climate variability and change.” Figure 2. The use of a treadle pump for irrigation purposes in Kenya (×159.jpg) Appropriate Technologies for Enterprise Creation (ApproTec) have supplied a treadle pump in the villages challenged by lack of water resources, that connects with a drum and costs starting from $45-$100. This gives an opportunity to the community and the people to purchase the products as an investment which allows them to feel like customers. This has a great impact on the lives of the people involved in agriculture, providing them with a cheaper technology to continue their work in a more efficient way, also saving the time spent on travelling long distances to collect water for farming. This treadle pump allows the farmers to use the collected rainwater for agriculture, which is also a great way of being less dependent of rainfall and saving water resources. Another innovative design developed by the Natural Resources Monitoring, Modelling and Management Project is the donkey carts to deliver water to the bucket kits situated in Nayuki, Kenya, which is a drought prone area. These are generally available for purchase and is a long term investment for families to use for the collection of water, avoiding the issues that arise with physically transporting water. There has been a crisis of water resources in Nepal for a very long time. Especially the southern Terai region, experiencing a lack of safe water source leading to various water related diseases which has presented itself as a roadblock in the country’s development. A huge factor in affective the life of the people has also been the geographical structure of the country, with transportation of water taking a long time due to the hilly terrain. This causes villages to go on weeks with scarcity in water, resulting in people turning towards to any contaminated source of water. Even the capital of Nepal, Kathmandu has been facing issues with contaminated water throughout the city, leading to an increase in deaths, common with infants. One of the major causes of this is due to poor filtration system for drinking water as high levels of arsenic are found in the wells throughout the villages. Ngai, (2007, p.1879) quoted that, “Although arsenic contamination in drinking water has received widespread attention, microbial contamination is still, by far, the single largest cause of waterborne disease and death.” Although there have been technologies implemented treating drinking water, they have proven to be costly, thus being more common in cities where people are able to afford the system. Therefore, Environment

Privacy Challenges, Corporate Social Responsibility and Privacy

help writing Privacy Challenges, Corporate Social Responsibility and Privacy.

Privacy ChallengesIn
600 words or more with a minimum of two reliable resources. The United Arab Emirates (UAE) threatened to shut off BlackBerry
messaging, email and Web browsing services if the device’ s maker,
Research in Motion (RIM), did not provide certain information necessary
for national security. RIM was caught between not disclosing
confidential information and not endangering UAE’s national security.
Give your opinion on whether RIM should have given in to UAE’s demands
or whether it should have protected the confidential information.
Support your position with an excellent references after doing some
research. Imagine you are a mid-level manager working for a well-known
international organization and have invested $10,000 in the organization
stock, along with contributions to the 401k benefit. Suppose you have
indisputable evidence that the CEO was manipulating the company’s stock
price. In 300 words or more with a minimum of one reliable resource. Explain why you would inform the stakeholders. In 300 words or more with a minimum of one reliable resource explain if the reasons you would refrain from
saying anything for fear of causing the stock to plunge. Support your
position with an excellent reference after doing some research.”Corporate Social Responsibility and Privacy”In 600 words or more with a minimum of two reliable resources. Examine the belief that green programs create economic value while being socially responsible and sustaining the environment. Determine reasons you agree then discuss reason you would disagree with this statementIn 500 words
or more with a minimum of one reliable resource. Some supermarkets use loyalty programs which enable them to collect data about the shopping patterns of their customers.
Suppose that an insurance company wanted to buy this data from the
supermarket in order to analyze the behavior of its policyholders. Determine whether or not the insurance company should be allowed to buy the data. Propose two different
approaches to handling this situation.
Privacy Challenges, Corporate Social Responsibility and Privacy

GLOBAL 130 University of California Global Economy and Development Essay

GLOBAL 130 University of California Global Economy and Development Essay.

Apply David Mcnally’s analysis of the relationship between debt, discipline, and dispossession to the film The End of Poverty. Answer the following questions:1) In what ways do you see the themes of debt, discipline and dispossession appear in the film in a global context? Give concrete examples of the film2) How do race and class relate in the context of the IMF and world bank’s debt-based development regimes? Pick up on EITHER question 1 or 2 and write a one paragraph analysis applying Mcnally’s reading to any of the themes and narratives covered in the documentary.about 350+ words
GLOBAL 130 University of California Global Economy and Development Essay

Topic to discuss: #18 Development of bone-2 types, general stages of each Need a thorough, accurate and substantive post

Topic to discuss: #18 Development of bone-2 types, general stages of each Need a thorough, accurate and substantive post response that advances the peers main post discussion. Include addressing the original question/topic in a clear, logical and organized manner. Attached is an example of a Peer Response. Please use 2 references. Consider starting out posts with, “A research article I found said,” “Did you know,” or “Three things I found interesting were… .” Include a separate research, critical thinking and reference section. Include critical thinking and original conclusions about topic. 125-200 word count minimum. Appropriate scientific college-level sources are need to be used. APA formatted references and in-text citations. Resources/ References: you can use this or feel free to find a different one.

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