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Racism in America after the Civil War up to 1900 Essay

The United States experienced a revolutionary time from the 1840s to 60s. During this time, Murrin et al assert, “that two of the main issues which remained prominent were slavery and women rights” (236). This paper highlights the abolitionist views on race and change since the civil war to the year 1900 and how they affected the American view on race. Alcott as an author turned nurse serving in the civil war shows some mixed views on race in the extracts from one of her works at the hospital sketches. Alcott in her writing extracts in hospital sketches points out that despite the revolution, racial and sexist beliefs remained prevalent. The abolitionists of whom Alcott’s family was one were opposed to slavery. Alcott expresses the dilemma encountered by her. At the onset of the civil war, Alcott looks for employment as a nurse. This is in breaking free from the traditional role defined by the sexist attitude at that time. Her family in the dialogue suggests to her a number of options. A suggestion by Tom to “go to nurse the soldiers” (Alcott Ch. 1) finally gets Alcott’s upbeat. There is an air of disillusion with a tone of racism even as Alcott considers this option where she resigns with the view that “the Periwinkles are a hopeful race” (Alcott Ch. 1). The desire to offer her nursing results in an interview and a readiness to go to Washington at short notice. The response to Alcott’s application comes and it “brought a disappointment along with its good will and friendliness” (Alcott Ch. 1) informing her that her application in the Armory hospital was unsuccessful, but she has to fill “a much less desirable one at Hurly-burly house” (Alcott Ch. 1). As the narrative builds up, Alcott portrays mixed views on the issue of race. Slavery as a product of racism was a major issue in the civil war, with the opponents of slavery as abolitionists. However, the tone in Alcott’s writing, including words like colored, Irishman, Englishman still indicates Alcott had mixed views on race. As an abolitionist, Alcott conflicts her view when she addresses some of her patients as “Irishman” (Alcott Ch. 3, par. 12). The mixed views by Alcott concerning race also show up when she goes to the Senate chamber where she “found the speaker’s chair occupied by a colored gentleman” (Alcott Ch. 5, par. 14). At the nursing facility in Georgetown, Alcott while working becomes vocal about the deplorable conditions at the treatment facility. She is also aware of a part of the African American labor force at the facility that unfortunately has no option but to work under the deplorable conditions for long periods, which in itself is a form of slavery (Alcott Ch. 5). Americans’ view on race from the time of the civil war to 1900 was most conspicuous during the ‘time of the reconstruction’ (Lecture notes- Reconstruction 1a). When the union forces finally won in the civil war, slavery as a product of race was unilaterally abolished. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The southerners who were agriculturalist and heavily depended on slaves to work on their large farms suddenly found that there was no labor, since they could not retain slaves. So abstract was the idea of free labor that began in the north that when the federal government moved in during reconstruction after the war, the white southerners mooted racial based clandestine movements such as the Ku Klux Klan (Lecture notes-Reconstruction 6), which carried out violent attacks on black southerners. The free blacks in these southern states had racial reactions against them and were not able to compete favorably for honorable jobs, eventually settling for menial ones with low wages that always tied them to a dependency arrangement with their masters or employers. The American civil war was partly about the re-definition of the American constitution in line with every federal state’s policies. The eastern and northern states adopted certain inclinations that separated them from the southerners and westerners. This re-definition also affected the labor market even as the executive arm of the union of federal states shifted towards the abolition of slavery as a product of race. Free labor became a political ideology for the northerners who now looked at the southerners who depended on slave labor as misplaced. However, this ideology was carried on more as a political gain stay because there still existed racism in the northern states or well still the African American or colored to even up to 1900 and beyond. The notion of free labor from a northerner‘s perspective was therefore, more of a party ideology, the same one that saw the names of famous abolitionists like Lincoln assume presidential office. Seemingly, the American view on race dramatically changed during this period of the civil war. It, nevertheless, assumed a different form after the civil war up to the year 1900 and beyond with aspects of racism remaining pronounced in attitudes. Today race remains a very sensitive issue in the American society being driven on one part by antagonist views and the protagonist ones on the other side. Works Cited Alcott, Louise. Hospital sketches. 1863. Print. We will write a custom Essay on Racism in America after the Civil War up to 1900 specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Lecture notes (Feb. 14 to Feb. 25). Murrin, John, Paul Johnson, James McPherson, Gary Gerstle, and Emily Rosenberg. Liberty, Equality, Power: A History of the American people. 3rd ed. Belmont: Wadsworth publishing, 2003. Print.

Complete a financial statement

Complete a financial statement.

Deliverable Length: Completed templateThe excel template needed to complete the assignment is attached.The instructions are also attached in PDF format to the assignment.You will complete financial statements for a company using the data listed below.Accounting Data4/1: Jim invested $100,000 in cash and $50,000 in equipment in the company.4/2: The company prepaid for insurance with $1,200 cash.4/3: The company paid cash for rent totaling $1,200.4/5: The company completed services for a client for cash totaling $8,000.4/10: The company provided a service for $15,000 on account.4/11: The company purchased equipment for $5,000 and supplies for $3,000 on account.4/15: The company paid $1,500 cash for employee salaries.4/24: The company paid $300 cash for utility bills.4/28: The company paid dividends totaling $2,000 cash.Adjusting entries completed on April 30Insurance expired for the month of April.An ending count determined that supplies totaled $2,600.Wages of $3,000 were earned but not paid.Services of $5,000 were earned but not billed.Depreciation on the equipment is $500 per month.Using the above data, complete the following:Journal entriesPosting to T-accountsTrial balanceAdjusting entriesAdjusting trial balanceIncome statementStatement of retained earningsBalance sheet and closing entries
Complete a financial statement

SOC 5630 Ashford University Stakeholders, Diversity & Outreach in Organizations Paper

online homework help SOC 5630 Ashford University Stakeholders, Diversity & Outreach in Organizations Paper.

Society is rapidly changing in terms of diversity, and community-based organizations must be responsive to these trends. For this assignment, write a letter of no less than 1500 words to a local community-based organization’s executive director. Research the diversity trends in your community and then examine whether or not your chosen organization is reflective of those trends in terms of hiring and outreach. Analyze barriers the organization may be encountering with its hiring and outreach, and then make three specific suggestions to the executive director on how the organization can better meet stakeholders’ needs. Your response should include at least 3 scholarly sources and adhere to APA formatting.
SOC 5630 Ashford University Stakeholders, Diversity & Outreach in Organizations Paper

Art Deco Concepts and Ideas | History of Art

Art Deco Concepts and Ideas | History of Art. Throughout history, man has observed and experienced numerous movements and births in the world of art and architecture that influenced life and dwelling. Some movements were mere fads that lasted several seconds in the larger scale of time, others were strong influencers that lasted beyond their years, either physically or in the minds and hearts of many. Art Deco, a movement that started in the early 1920’s in the arts that translated immediately into architecture is undeniably one of the strongest iconic movements that effected the lives of many and has it’s dominant mark on the physical world. The movement still remains alive in various forms of pop culture reappearances and in actual physical standing buildings and structures and not as a movement in action, but simply in examples to remind people of a certain time’s allure. What set’s Art Deco apart from other movements is it’s collectivity of several other movements and attempts in the world of art and architecture. The purpose of this paper is to identify and elaborate on the myriad of art and architectural styles that contributed into making Art Deco what it was/is. Also, since Art Deco was a dominant force made up of many successful styles, what made it last a relatively short period as a movement, yet some of it’s characteristics are used and found in subsequent styles still. The Beginning of Art Deco (a history): The birth of Art Deco was interesting in the sense that the movement started before the birth of the name “Art Deco” in 1968 where it was first used by Bevis Hillier as the title for his book on the decorative arts of the 1920’s and the 1930’s that are the actual years the movement belonged to. The Term originated from the distinguished exhibition of decorative and industrial arts held in Paris, France in 1925 called ” Exposition Internationale des Arts Decoratifs et Industriels Modernes”. In terms of the concept and feel of the exhibition, “The Paris exhibition is like a city in a dream, and the sort of dream that would give the psychoanalysts a run for their money” (Vogue, London August 1925). The exhibition was a gathering pot where many artists and architects unveiled their works of art that later strengthened and inspired the concoction of the decorative motif style. The use of Art Deco as a label at that time was non-existent and the contemporary art was called Art Modernes in France and Modernistic art in the United States. Although numerous people think of the United States and American artists when it comes to Art Deco and the birth of Art Deco, the movement was actually birthed by European styles. The two chief countries that sparked the Art Deco motion were Germany and France. The movement was not a instant spark, it evolved quietly throughout the early 1920’s and saw it’s climax at the Parisian exhibition, then it gradually saw its way across many countries especially the United States in a concentrated way which is why many people think of the Art Deco style as an American style. Defining Art Deco/Influences: Art Deco as a movement is almost impossible to define in a brief sentence or idea. The movement incorporated many elements, genres of design, and artistic/architectural movements that it becomes necessary to view and appreciate it as a large sum of minor components rather than a single entity. Some of the components that birthed Art Deco may even seem to clash or repel each other, yet, in reality they work harmoniously. For example, Germany and France in the immediate years post World War1 had different styles in art and architecture. The German approach was more towards “Modernism”, meaning having crisp and angular functionalism in design and an emphasis on clean geometry. Paris however had a style that was delightfully playful, a decorative style that is closest to the Art Nouveau Vernacular which was to be eradicated by its disciples. These two extremes are the two major movements that make up Art Deco as we know it, however, they are not the only movements or influences. At that time, the more lively style that is described as leisurely, comforting, and a representation of wealth arrived to the United States before the rigid German style thus helping the growth and spread of Art Deco’s decorative ways in the country. Along side the German modern style of design and the Art Nouveau movement, Art Deco barrowed influences and inspiration from many styles. Not only did Art Deco include many art or architectural styles, it was also influenced by historical aspects and futuristic ideologies. Deco was described as to contain elements “from the ancient past to the distant future” (Duncan, Alastair, 7). A past historical influence that is very evident in the style of Art Deco is the Ancient Pharaoh civilization and the Egyptian culture mania that overtook Paris after Tutankhamun’s tomb discovery by Howard Carter in 1922. Combined with the mesmerizing Egyptian elements that were easily adopted as decorative motifs in Art Deco, more exotic inspirers played a role in influencing the style, such as Mayan temples, tribal African sculptures, the Ballets Russes, and Japanese lacquer-work. The decorative motifs of the Assyrian, Babylonian, and Sumer cultures also influenced and stimulated some Art Deco architects as did the Medieval and Byzantine architecture. Further more, classical structures and sculptures of the Roman and Greek cultures also played a part in the forming of Art Deco, however, the Art Deco architects were against the Beaux-Arts Neoclassicism, thus they adorned their classically based buildings and structures with modernized elements and figures of classical mythology in a playful strictly aesthetically decorative manner. Since Art Deco is not an instant reaction to another style’s action, it truly had lesser rules in style than most other movements, and it probably had the most relaxed and forgiving rules when it came to re-interpreting another style’s elements, or completely borrowing an element. For example, if an architect was commissioned by a client who is fascinated by maritime activity, and wanted to have elements of that show in the building, an Art Deco architect would design an art piece of a boat or an anchor in the exact same forms and colors from a decorative material and adorn the building with it. What makes this action possible and feasible is Art Deco’s strong dependency on Industrial design. The strong streamlined forms of industrial design and techniques of art creating through industrial commercial ways truly helped the Art Deco movement and added another very powerful component to the previously mentioned elements that make up the fabric of the movement. As previously mentioned, it seems that the components of Art Deco are countless, all equally stimulating and important in their own right. The French Rationalism style of building and the Art Nouveau movement in the early 1900’s before the 1920’s for example were important precursors of Art Deco. Auguste Perret’s Rue Franklin apartment building, c.1902, which was extensively glazed and revolutionized the building techniques with the use of reinforced concrete works as a foreshadow of Art Deco and what was to come. The heavy ornaments on Perret’s building work as a bridge from the more stylized floral style decorations to the ordered and less organic famous floral motifs of Art Deco such as the lotus leaves. Along side Art Nouveau, another powerful movement that influences many Art Deco buildings is Expressionism in both it’s industrial German style and the brick building Dutch style. The style of the Expressionist architecture in its emotional and beautifying methods is clearly visible in the Art Deco designs. Although the movement was prior to the First World War, it had a strong comeback in the 1920’s and famous expressionist buildings such as Peter Behren’s monumental glass and steel turbine factory, c.1908, served as a model and inspiration for Art Deco designs. The Exhibition hall by Hans Poelzig in Poznan, Poland, c. 1911, also worked as a muse and model for following Art Deco artists. In terms of the brick building expressionism, three major Dutch influencers of Art Deco were Johan Melchior van der Mey, Michel de Klerk, and Piet Lodewijk whose work included brick, glass, and concrete in a stylized structural and decorative manner that can be linked directly to Art Deco. Italian Futurist architect Antonio Sant’Elia was another major influencer on the Art Deco movement although a few rare projects of his were built and the majority remained sketches on paper. Sant’Elia’s Monza cemetery, 1912, is an example of his work where decorative designs and heavy use of ornamentation in glass and concrete may be found and linked to Art Deco. In the United States, the Chicago School of Architecture’s massive vertical steel skeleton buildings made in the Moderne style from 1875-1910 count as influencers of Art Deco. From that group, Louis Sullivan and his student Frank Lloyd Wright specifically are the two architects whose works most hold links and bridges to Art Deco. Frank Lloyd Wright’s work included many heavily ornamented buildings both in the exterior and interior with sharp geometry and studied repeated patterns and motifs in brick and concrete that are very much Art Deco-esque such as the Midway Gardens in Chicago built in 1914. (first half) *In Addition to the prior information, the following outline titles will be discussed in the second half, which is the more theoretical part structural wise. Elements of the Art Deco style: The characteristics that make a design original Art Deco, and specific elements that art deco must attain. Examples of famous art deco buildings: The buildings, and the theories and messages behind them. Writer’s opinion and analysis: My own personal opinion on the movement the and theories behind the movement, also, why I believe the movement failed to live longer even thought it seemed ultimately powerful ( the answer to my proposed question). Art Deco Concepts and Ideas | History of Art

NUR 509 St Thomas University Diagnosis and Patient Education Discussion

NUR 509 St Thomas University Diagnosis and Patient Education Discussion.

I’m working on a nursing case study and need support to help me understand better.

A 52-year-old male patient who is a house painter presents to the
office reporting chronic fatigue and “mild” chest pain. When he is
painting, chest pain is relieved after taking a break. He reports that
the pain usually lasts 5 minutes or less and occasionally spreads to his
left arm before subsiding. The patient was last seen 3 years ago by
you, and you recommended diet changes to manage mild hyperlipidemia, but
the patient has gained 30 pounds since that time. The patient’s medical
history includes anxiety, vasectomy, cholecystectomy, and mild
hyperlipidemia. The patient does not smoke or use other tobacco or
nicotine products. The patient cares for his wife, who has multiple
sclerosis and requires 24-hour care. His daughter and grandson also live
with the patient. His daughter assists with the care of his wife, and
his job is the major source of income for the family. The initial vital
signs are: blood pressure 158/78, heart rate 87, respiratory rate 20,
and body mass index 32. As part of the diagnostic work-up, an ECG, lipid
levels, cardiac enzymes, and C-reactive protein (CRP) are ordered. The
patient reports that he does not have time to “be sick” and says that he
needs to take care of everything during this visit so he can return to
work and care for his wife. Discuss the following: What additional information should you obtain about the pain the patient is experiencing?What additional physical assessment needs to be performed with this patient?What considerations are important to remember if the patient’s CRP level is elevated?What differential diagnoses should be considered for the patient?What patient teaching will be incorporated into the visit to modify the patient’s risk factors?How will you respond to the patient’s statement that he does not
have time to “be sick” and needs to take care of everything during this
visit?Submission Instructions:Your initial post should be at least 500 words, formatted and cited in current APA style with support from at least 2 academic sources.
NUR 509 St Thomas University Diagnosis and Patient Education Discussion