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Racial Discrimination at the Workplace Essay

Racial Discrimination at the Workplace Essay. Introduction Racial discrimination is a common occurrence throughout the world. Individuals are discriminated based on the color of their skin. Some races are discriminated based on various factors. Human rights organizations have come out strongly in opposition to any form of inequity. In the current age of globalization and the onset of the global village, many people from different racial backgrounds are finding their way into other countries in search of better employment terms. This fact has made the contemporary workplace the most diverse that has ever been created. The emergence of racial diversity has led to the problem of racial discrimination, where people are mistreated or harassed based on the color of their skin. Developed countries such as those in North America and Europe have managed to attract a large population of colored people. These people have come in search of jobs and other services such as education while others, such as the black race in North America are the products of the slave trade. These continents have reported higher incidences of racial discrimination compared to other parts of the world (Racial Discrimination in the United States Past and Present 1). The workplace in these regions is among the leading areas where discrimination occurs. Therefore, this essay looks at racial discrimination in the workplace by focusing mainly on developed nations. Proposed Change The main change that is discussed in this essay is the introduction of legislation that will see the creation of a special authority that is aimed at guaranteeing the freedom of all workers at the workplace. There is a need for the federal government to enact legislation that spells out the punishments for people who discriminate others at the workplace based on their race. The legislation also needs to create a special body that will have branches in all states. The body will provide a place where employees can report racial discrimination cases in the light of the ineffectiveness of the existing legislation and bodies that are charged with reducing racial discrimination. Claim This essay focuses on the necessary change in the workplace that is required to overcome the problem of discrimination. Some of the changes envisioned in this essay include the reduction in the different types of discrimination at the workplace. There have been many reports on workplace discrimination where individuals are differentiated based on their race (U.S. Department of Labor 1). Racial discrimination may occur at any stage in employment, starting at the recruitment phase where employees are denied work because of their racial affiliations. In fact, “discrimination today ranges from simply not calling people for a job interview because their non-Anglo or African-American names happen to be Manuel, Mohammed, or Jaquetta” (Weatherspoon and Isaac 2). In this case, the employer complains that employing a certain individual will be bad, and against the company’s policy. Racial discrimination also affects many races, with the most commonly discriminated races being the black and other colored people (U.S. Department of Labor 1). In the case of the United States of America, the most widely discriminated race is the black race (U.S. Department of Labor 1). This state has a long history of slavery where the black population was sold to work in farms and other industries. After the end of slavery, most of the black population became citizens and had the right to basic services and employment, just like other citizens. The discrimination of the black race takes many forms at the workplace in the US. Lewis confirms that the most common form is a failure to hire individuals based on their racial affiliation (‘Identifying Discrimination’ 9). Most companies that have advertised for posts for various positions usually have to carry out interviews and select the employees that are most qualified and skilled to work in these positions (Lewis ‘Identifying Discrimination’ 27). Some of the black applicants have reported various forms of discrimination at the workplace, including being denied employment despite being more qualified than the rest of the applicants to the same position. The black employees that can be employed also report various forms of racial discrimination, such as being called racial names and having to work longer about their non-black counterparts. This form of discrimination needs to be abolished in the workplace. The suggested claim is that there should be the enactment of a new law on the federal level to prevent and punish people who are suspected of racism. The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission reveals, “The law’s prohibitions should include harassment or any other employment action” (par. 3). There is a need for the federal government to create a new law that outlines the different punishments for employees who practice racism at the workplace. The law needs to be based on the basic freedom to which every citizen is entitled. This freedom should be protected even at the workplace. This law also needs to be structured in a way that special authority is created to investigate and prosecute employers and employees who practice racism in the United States. There are different effects that this proposed solution would have on the racial discrimination of employees at the workplace in the United States. It is likely to have a reduction in the number of incidents where employees are discriminated at the workplace in the US. The other effect is that there is a likelihood of having employers reduce the racial profiling that is evident in most places of work in this region. The implementation of the law against employment discrimination at the workplace will improve the overall discrimination in the country that is known for its racial profiling. There are many incidents of racial discrimination against some races, even away from the work environment. The law will go a long way in reducing this situation. Without the introduction of this law, the discrimination against employees at the workplace is likely to continue. It is likely that employers will continue to offer limited spaces for different races due to racial influence. The legal system is also likely to have sustained suits where individuals are blamed for racial actions at the workplace. The injustice of racial discrimination will continue if the law is not enacted and authority established to take care of the racial discrimination in the workplace. The introduction of this special law to tackle the problem of racial discrimination in the workplace will have significant results in the reduction of the same issue. Without this authority, the federal government has little control over employee discrimination at the workplace in the US. Racial discrimination is an important human rights issue that any developed nation should be prepared to counter. The US should use this authority to take care of the problem. The other main reason for the racial discrimination at the workplace is the mentality that has been held by citizens about the different races. Different studies have found that the population has different opinions about different races. This situation affects the way they view these races, even in the workplace. The established authority will be an important source of education for citizens by ensuring that they respect the rights of other individuals who are of different races at the workplace. Background and History Racial discrimination is not a new finding at the workplaces in the United States. It dates back to the years of slavery in this place (Racial Discrimination in the United States Past and Present 1). The white class discriminated the black population based on the inferior nature that they perceived of this group. During those days of slavery, merchants could buy black people from Africa as servants to work for their masters in the various farms around the United States. The white population saw itself as the rightful owner of the land. Therefore, it could mistreat the black population that was thought to be inferior. The racial discrimination against the Indians in the US was driven by their desire to control the land that was initially theirs. The white colonizers took large chunks of land from the Indians, with the latter being forced to move to other less favorable areas or work for the whites as their masters. Those who chose to work for the white masters were often mistreated. The main reason for the discrimination was the whites’ perception that the Indians were inferior to the white people (The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission par. 6). Racial discrimination continued even after the United States attained its independence. The Indians and the blacks were racially discriminated in the workplace, with less favorable conditions at the working stations. The other races, such as those that moved into the US from Mexico or Asia mainly came here to offer their services in the construction industry that was experiencing significant growth at that time. The nation was in the process of building many industries and infrastructure. These individuals were required to participate in the construction of various projects. Since the individuals were different in color from the white inhabitants, they were discriminated based on this parameter, hence confirming Lewis’ claims that the case of color prejudice is becoming rampant in courtyards (par.1). With the abolishing of slavery and the introduction of the constitution that defined the rights of the citizens, racial discrimination significantly reduced in most of the urban centers where authorities were enforcing these rights and freedoms. However, the recognition of different races in the workplace took long. Employers reserved the right to employ workers who pleased them. Most employers were reluctant to employ the different races that were present in the market. They preferred employing the dominant white race. This brought about several problems with racial discrimination in the workplace. Since the discriminated races were few at the workplace, their fellow employees would easily target them, with racial sentiments being made against them. The employer could also offer difficult tasks for these races as compared to what their counterparts were required to do. This brought about the persistent problem of discrimination in the workplace. Some scholars have suggested that discrimination at the workplace was used as a form of security for the dominant race where they could racially discriminate other races to ensure that they did not take the limited jobs that were present (Racial Discrimination in the United States Past and Present 1). This strategy was a way of defending the few jobs that were available in public, as well as the private sectors. The current prevalence of racial discrimination resulted from historical injustices and racial stereotyping. Opposition and Refutations First Opposition Different opposing arguments have been advanced against the introduction of law and authority to take care of the rampant racial discrimination in the United States. One of the arguments is that the law will be hard to enforce since employers in this state are at liberty to employ individuals that they see as being fit to run their organizations (Racial Discrimination in the United States Past and Present 2). The opposition is that the introduction of such a law will be against the policies and business environment in the country, which are aimed at protecting the employer and enhancing the productivity of their businesses. If employers are made to choose employees by any authority, such as the proposed one, opponents claim that this move will affect their performance and contribute towards further discrimination in the places that were not initially willing to take the employees. First Refutation In refuting this claim to the opposition, many ways can be used to apply the law without forcing employers to employ individuals that they view as being inadequate to work at their workplace. One way that employers can be challenged in reducing racial discrimination in the workplace through this law is to make them give reasons for rejecting employees in interviews. This strategy can ensure that the authority is aware of the reasons and that it can weigh them about the race-based claims made by the potential employees. This case can also be an added advantage for the employers since they can use these reasons to defend themselves in a court of law if accused of racial discrimination in the employee selection process. Second Opposition The second opposition to the creation of such authority and law against the racial discrimination of individuals is that it will bear significant costs to implement. The enforcement of laws requires a dedicated public and aggressive legal system. The federal government will also need to train several individuals to ensure that the legislation is being respected in the areas where there is a likelihood of racial discrimination at the workplace. This effort will require significant financial input, with the deferral government being responsible for the same. The opponents are also likely to claim that the government is spending highly on the measures that are aimed at preventing racial discrimination along many fronts and that the implementation of such a law will contribute towards increasing the wage bill. The measures used to fight the human right abuse in most parts of the world have usually necessitated large inputs in the form of financing. The involved governments have always footed this bill (U.S. Department of Labor 1). This may be the reason for the claim against the proposed legislation to curb racial discrimination in the workplace. Second Refutation This assertion, just like the one before it, is refutable based on the several counterarguments that can be used to this effect. It is a fact that legislation to protect the basic rights of individuals may be expensive in the beginning. The benefits of the legislation are more than the financial costs that might be incurred by any nation. With the introduction of this legislation to guard against racial discrimination at the workplace, the races in the US will be empowered. This situation will bring about improvement in their socio-economic status (U.S. Department of Labor 1). This improvement will be a positive one in the US in general since citizens will be able to contribute effectively to nation-building. Third Opposition The third opposing claim is that the introduction of legislation to reduce racial discrimination will be ineffective. The basis for this argument is that many laws exist that prohibit the practice of racial discrimination in the United States, just like in many parts of the world. These laws have had little effect of racial discrimination at the workplace in the places where it is still rampant. The claim that racial discrimination has not been reduced by any legislation is also based on the existing legislation on the international front where global bodies have formulated laws to prevent it (Racial Discrimination in the United States Past and Present 1). For example, the UN is one of the bodies that are active in the formulation of laws that protect the rights of every individual. The workplaces that have been reported to have incidents of racial discrimination also have their own set of rules. Some of these rules are supposed to prevent such a problem. The opponents will use these facts to argue against such legislation. Third Refutation The claim that previous legislation has not been effective in reducing racial discrimination in the workplace is valid. The only difference is that the previous legislation has not had the authority in support of the laws. Few individuals were available to enforce it. The international laws against any form of discrimination have also been ineffective because they have not received support from many quarters. Therefore, the federal authority should commit to keeping this legislation by creating a special body that will oversee the implementation of this law. If implemented appropriately, racial discrimination at the places of work is likely to decrease over the next few years. However, the problem of racial discrimination at the workplace will remain a big predicament in areas where the law is not able to reach, including the areas that are traditionally known to have high levels of racial discrimination. The federal authorities should also ensure that they increase funding for the programs that train individuals against racial discrimination at the workplace. This strategy will contribute to the reduction in the number of incidents at the workplaces. Conclusion In conclusion, discrimination in the workplace is one of the contemporary problems that affect many parts of the world. People are often discriminated based on the color of their skin and the racial background with which they are associated. This essay has established that many organizations have put in place measures that are aimed at eliminating the problem of racial discrimination at the places of work. However, the problem is persistent. The essay has proposed the introduction of a federal law that is to take care of the problem. Authority is also to be established to take care of this rampant human rights problem. Three arguments against the move have been advanced. These claims have been refuted using several counterarguments. If this measure is implemented, it is likely that racial discrimination at the workplace will reduce in the next few years. Works Cited Lewis, Jackson. Skin Color Bias is growing as a Basis for Discrimination Claims, 2004. Web. Lewis, Tamara. Identifying Discrimination in Employment, 2008. PDF file. Web. Racial Discrimination in the United States Past and Present. Reach For tolerance, n.d. Web. The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. Employment Discrimination Based on Religion, Ethnicity, or Country of Origin, n.d. Web. U.S. Department of Labor. Know Your Rights: Workplace Rights, 2013. Web. Weatherspoon, Floyd, and Kendall Isaac. Resolving Race Discrimination in Employment Disputes through Mediation: A Win-win for all Parties, n.d. PDF file. Web. Racial Discrimination at the Workplace Essay

Prepare this assignment as a 1,500-1,750-word paper using the instructor feedback from the previous course assignments and the guidelines Essay

Prepare this assignment as a 1,500-1,750-word paper using the instructor feedback from the previous course assignments and the guidelines below. (INCLUDED IN ATTACHMENT) Refer to “Research Critiques and PICOT Guidelines” below. Questions under each heading should be addressed as a narrative in the structure of a formal paper. **Instructors feedback on previous assignments- Compare and contrast all the articles do not refer to them as articles 1 or 2 etc. use in text citation. In other words, do not break your paragraphs into articles, yet keep your article headings correct such as ETHICS then compare, under that one heading all your articles. Be sure to include a conclusion. The completed analysis should connect to your identified practice problem of interest that is the basis for your PICOT question. Practice Problem***The shortage of nursing has an impact to patient care and is a leading cause of nurse burnout. PICOT Question***What impact does the nursing shortage have on the quality of care among the patients and nurses? Proposed Evidence-Based Practice Change Discuss the link between the PICOT question, the research articles, and the nursing practice problem you identified. Include relevant details and supporting explanation and use that information to propose evidence-based practice changes. General Requirements Prepare this assignment according to the APA guidelines. An abstract is not required.

Reading Research Literature Worksheet

custom writing service Reading Research Literature Worksheet. I’m working on a Nursing question and need guidance to help me study.

Download or access the required article. The required article must be used.
O’Connor, M., Tanner, P. , Miller, L., Watts, K., & Musiello, T. (2017). Detecting distress: Introducing routine screening in a gynecological cancer setting. Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing, 21(1), 79-85. Retrieved from https://chamberlainuniversity.idm.oclc.org/login?url=https://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?
Week 6: Reading Research Literature Worksheet

Name: _____ ____________________________________________________________________ Complete the following required worksheet using the required article for the current session.Access the required article from the assignment guidelines.

Purpose of the Study:Using information from the required article and your own words, summarize the purpose of the study.Describe what the study is about.

Research & Design:Using information from the required article and your own words, summarize the description of the type of research and the design of the study.Include how it supports the purpose (aim or intent) of the study.

Sample:Using information from the required article and your own words, summarize the population (sample) for the study; include key characteristics, sample size, sampling technique.

Data Collection:Using information from the required article and your own words, summarize one data that was collected and how the data was collected from the study.

Data Analysis:Using information from the required article and your own words, summarize one of the data analysis/ tests performed or one method of data analysis from the study; include what you know/learned about the descriptive or statistical test or data analysis method.

Limitations:Using information from the required article and your own words, summarize one limitation reported in the study.

Findings/Discussion:Using information from the required article and your own words, summarize one of the authors’ findings/discussion reported in the study. Include one interesting detail you learned from reading the study.

Reading Research Literature:Summarize why it is important for you to read and understand research literature.Summarize what you learned from completing the reading research literature activity worksheet.

Reading Research Literature Worksheet

Effectiveness of Mindfulness Based Cognitive Restructuring

Effectiveness of Mindfulness Based Cognitive Restructuring. CHAPTER V SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION The final chapter included the summary of the research, findings obtained and the conclusions derived from the study. The recommendations will provide directions for the future research. 5.1 Summary Adolescence is periods of growth from puberty to adulthood are the stage of transition from dependency to autonomy. Therefore, adolescents are faced with various types of stress from school, physical dissatisfaction and relationship with parents, friends and romantic partners. During this period, females are experiencing higher level of psychological pain than males. The stressful life situations create mental pain and hopelessness which leads to suicide among adolescents. This study tried to develop and assess the effectiveness of mindfulness based cognitive restructuring program to reduce the significant variables of suicidal ideation among the adolescents in Kerala, India. Pressures from family, friends, schools and cultural issues and constantly rising expectations and personal factors are the causes of psychological pain, hopelessness and suicidal ideation in adolescents’ life. Hence this research is intended to help adolescents who experience high level of stress every day. The study is anchored on the development and effectiveness of the mindfulness based cognitive restructuring program on psychache, hopelessness and suicidal ideation of the selected female adolescents in South Indian State of Kerala. It was conducted in two phases. Phase 1 focused on the development of the intervention program (Mindfulness Based Cognitive Restructuring, MBCR) using a descriptive research design. Phase II centered on testing the effectiveness of the newly developed intervention program (MCSRS) in reducing psychache, hopelessness and thereby reducing suicidal ideation. Phase II utilized true experimental research method specifically between subjects: two independent groups design with pretest and posttest. For this purpose 150 female adolescents were selected in the district of Calicut, Kerala, India. From this 36 students were chosen as participants of the study. They were randomly assigned into control group (18 students) and experimental group (18 students). The research participants who belonged to the experimental group received the treatment (MBCR) while those in the control group did not. After the treatment, both groups underwent the post-test to determine the effectiveness of the intervention program (MCSRS) using the psychache, hopelessness and suicidal ideation scales. The null hypothesis was tested at 0.05 level of significance. The statistical techniques utilized in the study were mean, standard deviation, t test for dependent and independent samples and Cohen’s d. Summary of the Findings The following are the summary of the findings of the study: The composition of the of the Mindfulness Based Cognitive Restructuring program (MBCR) is as follows: The eight modular, 16 sessions intervention program MBCR designed by the researcher as an effective self-help tool in reducing psychache, hopelessness and thereby reducing suicidal ideation of the adolescents. The elements of MBCR program sessions aimed to acquire the importance of awareness and acceptance in present life and restructuring negative thinking pattern to get meaning and importance of life. One of the main concerns is to understand that suicide is not a solution the problems. The MBCR module I: sessions 1 and 2 General Introduction and Meditation practice (calming the mind), module II: Session 3 and 4 Object focused meditation and identifying automatic thoughts (knowing the present), module III: Session 5 and 6 Identify the cognitive distortions and breathing exercise (being aware of cognitive distortions), module IV: Session 7 and 8 Body scan and self-talk (challenging irrational belief), module V: Session 9 and 10 Mindful walking and identifying emotions (realizing the effect of emotions in life), module VI: Session 11 and 12 Space breathing and development of rational thought (hoping for the future), module VII: Session 13 and 14 Yoga and positive self-affirmation (realizing meaning in life), module VIII: Session 15 and 16 Goal setting and conclusion (saying yes, I can). The supporting theoriesconcepts behind the Mindfulness Based Cognitive Restructuring program are: Mindfulness and Cognitive Behavior theory specifically the concept on cognitive restructuring. MBCR program come in the form of integrated psycho-educational programs, workbook activities and intervention strategies on the basis of theoretical models and empirical studies to help the adolescents to provide the way of approaching difficult situations using the mindfulness cognitive skills thereby living more adaptive lives. The mean scores and standard deviation (SD) values of the participants’ psychache, hopelessness and suicidal ideation as measured by psychache scale, Beck Hopelessness Scale and Beck scale for suicidal ideation revealed the following: The pretest results of the participants both in the control and experimental groups reported high level of psychache, hopelessness and suicidal ideation. As per the posttest results, the participants in the experimental group reported lower level of adolescent psychache, hopelessness and suicidal ideation while the control group had almost the same level of adolescent psychache, hopelessness and suicidal ideation as in the pre-test results. The statistical analysis of the significant difference within subjects results is as follows: A significant difference was seen in the level of psychache, hopelessness and suicidal ideation of the participants in the experimental group after the intervention of the Mindfulness Based Cognitive Restructuring (MBCR) intervention program. There was no significant difference detected in the levels of psychache, hopelessness and suicidal ideation of the participants in the control group who did not receive the treatment (MBCR). The statistical analysis on the significant difference between subjects gave the following results: According to the pretest results, no significant difference was found between the participants of both the experimental and the control groups ‘before’ the implementation of the intervention program (MBCR). The posttest results in all the variables show that there is a significant difference between the participants in the experimental group and the control group ‘after’ the implementation of the intervention program (MBCR). As regards to the extent of the effectiveness of the Mindfulness based Cognitive Restructuring program on the levels of adolescent psychache, hopelessness and suicidal ideation of the experimental group: The Cohen’s d effect size values reveal that the Mindfulness Based Cognitive restructuring program had a large effect on the participants in the experimental group in all the variables. 5.2 Conclusions On the basis of the findings of the current study, which explored the effectiveness of the Mindfulness Based Cognitive restructuring program, the following conclusions were drawn. Prior to the intervention program (MBCR) the research participants had high level of psychache, hopelessness and suicidal ideation, this indicates the need for a program to reduce this feelings There is a significant difference between the pretest and posttest scores of the participants of the experimental group in all the variables measured after the treatment (MBCR) significant was administered. There is a significant difference between the scores of the experimental and control group in terms of the posttest results showing the effectiveness of the program (MBCR) in all the dependent variables. The variant result of all the variables of the experimental group after the treatment proves that the intervention program has a great effect in reducing adolescents’ psychache, hopelessness and suicidal ideation. The newly developed Mindfulness Based Cognitive restructuring program can be used as an effective tool in reducing adolescent psychache, hopelessness thereby reducing suicidal ideation of adolescents. 5.3. Recommendations The current study proves the effectiveness of the newly developed intervention program (Mindfulness Based Cognitive Restructuring (MBCR), in reducing the adolescent psychache, hopelessness and suicidal ideation. Therefore, the researcher recommends the following for future research: There is a need to make further studies on suicidal individuals the development of appropriate preventive intervention methods based on different culture and gender. The study was limited to only female college adolescents, with a medium sample size of 18 participants for the experimental group. However, the analysis of the outcome data for the study hypotheses yielded statistically significant results as described in the summary of results. A study using larger sample sizes and different population must be conducted. An in-depth study by using qualitative method to explore suicidal behavior of the adolescents in the Kerala society could be undertaken to further improve and make the intervention more comprehensive. Mental health professionals and psychologists are encouraged to examine and implement the intervention strategies for the adolescents who are struggling with different problems. The researcher recommends choosing the participants from different settings, urban and rural, private and public schools to show the accuracy and effectiveness of the MBCR intervention program since the current study is limited only to female students from the government schools in Kerala. It is also recommended that teachers be trained on how to implement the current Mindfulness Based Cognitive Restructuring program as a way of helping themselves in their own pedagogical approach, and at the same time helping their students to cope with their adolescent students’ day to day problems. The present study used the quantitative research design. Other research methods/designs may also be utilized to shed light on the findings of the study and to better describe the cause and effect of the independent and dependent variables. The use of culture-based intervention program should be explained to find significant results among the participants. Life-oriented Mindfulness Based Cognitive Restructuring program be incorporated along with curriculum-based or career-oriented education. Finally, longitudinal research is necessary to confirm the strength and effectivity of the newly developed intervention program (MBCR) used in the current study. Effectiveness of Mindfulness Based Cognitive Restructuring

Assignment -Perform a Currency translation on your company financial statements using the conversion rate as of 12/31/2018

Assignment -Perform a Currency translation on your company financial statements using the conversion rate as of 12/31/2018. I’m working on a Accounting question and need guidance to help me study.

Assignment -Perform a Currency translation on your company financial statements using the conversion rate as of 12/31/2018
You will use the current rate method.
I already have the Income statement and Balance sheet, I also provide your a document with requirements, please follow the requirements in document and use the Income Statement and Balance Sheet in another document to complete this question, Thank you.
Assignment -Perform a Currency translation on your company financial statements using the conversion rate as of 12/31/2018