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Question: Each state has statutes that govern the practice of medicine in that state. These are called medi…

The practice of medicine in each state is governed by state statutes. These are known as medical practice acts, and they are intended to protect the public’s health and safety (Fremgen, 2012). Each state legislature creates a state medical board with the jurisdiction to regulate physician licensing. While there are some minor variations from state to state, these practice statutes in general govern who must be licensed to do particular treatments (Fremgen, 2012). These acts also specify requirements for licensure; the duties of the licensed physician; grounds on which the license may be revoked or taken away; and reports that must be made to the government or other appropriate agencies (Fremgen 2012). When healthcare providers have the lives of their patients in their hands, they must know what to do if difficulties emerge (Aiken, 2009). The majority of healthcare training focuses on what to do in the event of a medical emergency or clinically related condition (e.g., apply pressure to stop bleeding). Aside from clinical and medical issues, healthcare providers must also deal with difficult ethical concerns (Aiken, 2009). Should rescue breathing be started if a person who is bleeding is HIV positive or if someone does not want extraordinary measures performed to save his or her life? These are ethical difficulties, and the healthcare practitioner tasked with the well-being of patients must understand or be able to distinguish between what is right and what is wrong. When faced with a moral issue, ethics can assist in determining the proper course of action (Aiken, 2009). As a result, respond to the following questions: • What are the legal and ethical challenges that patients, health-care providers, and society are confronted with? Use examples to compare and contrast. • As a health care provider, recommend solutions to these problems.