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PUB 650 Grand Canyon University Cost Effectiveness & Cost Benefit Analysis Discussion

PUB 650 Grand Canyon University Cost Effectiveness & Cost Benefit Analysis Discussion.

WRITE A response EITHER AGREEING/ DISAGREEING FOR FUTHER ELABORATING ON THE SUBJECT POSTED BY CLASSMATE.PLEASE:- minimum of 150 words or more- strong academic writing / APA style 7th ed (please use in-text citing and References at end )- must be scholarly articles only no older than 5 years or website that is gov/ org. no blogs- please be original writing ( will check for plagiarism ).PLEASE, SEE BELOW CLASSMATE DISCUSSION ANSWER AND WRITE A response EITHER AGREEING/ DISAGREEING FOR FUTHER ELABORATING ON THE SUBJECT POSTED BY CLASSMATE.Cost-benefit analysis (CBA) is help analyze if a future program is financially worth it, while the cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA) compares outcomes based on relative costs to see which of the outcomes provide a the best chances of success.CBA focuses on the monetary outcomes while CEA does not as it uses natural units. CBA outcome is the net monetary benefit while CEA looks at the years of life saved, hospital days, prevented, number of deaths prevented, reduction in blood pressure etc. (Adhikari, 2018). CBA uses quantitative project evaluation technique and CEA is a mix of both qualitative and quantitative evaluation techniques (Adhikari, 2018). CBA considers externalities and helps to identify the best way to achieve given outcomes; while CEA does not consider them externalities but it used to help identify ways to redirect resources to achieve more (Adhikari, 2018). Some of the limitations for CBA would be that data collection can be complex for its cost and benefits in other forms than money cannot be assessed; CEA does not compare between interventions producing different outcomes (Adhikari, 2018). The assumptions of CBA are that other analysis approaches, non-market benefits and uncertainties is a transparent, simple and objective measures that compares programs with common outcome interest (Adhikari, 2018).An example for CEA, looked at looked at a policy for healthier meals at public schools, and would compare the costs and outcomes under new policy to the current costs and outcomes. Policy makers or healthcare professionals would need to take into consideration how the school lunches would be cost-effective. A healthier lunch menu would try and prevent obesity or diabetes in school kids by generating a cost outcome. By using the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER), shows that the new healthier lunch menu would cost $50 million and 75,000 less obese children (CLAPH, n.d.). The cost per child to prevent obesity and diabetes would be $667.00, and would be seen as an investment for fewer adults in the hospitals with the disease (CLAPH, n.d.). Those with influential power would need to figure out if in fact it is an investment or if there is something more beneficial they can use that money for.The CBA looks compares the cost and benefits of an intervention but places a monetary values on the health outcomes. When looking at a CBA for an intervention to reduce trans-fat in food supply there was an estimated benefit of $140billion (CDC, 2019). The cost were from direct medical cost averted, quality of life increased due to non-fatal heart attacks, and life years gained to due averted fatal heart attacks (CDC, 2019). It cost the industry and consumers $6billion, which totaled a $134 billion in net benefit, display that the net benefits out way the cost in this situation (CDC, 2019). The decision makers could use the given information to make an economic value for this intervention and see it as a positive program.ReferenceAdhikari, S. (2018). 21 differences between cost benefit analysis (CBA) and cost effectiveness analysis (CEA). Retrieved from https://www.publichealthnotes.com/21-differences-b…Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2019). Cost-benefit analysis. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/policy/polaris/economics/cost-…County of Los Angeles Public Health (CLAPH). (n.d.). Introduction to Economic Evaluation. Retrieved from http://publichealth.lacounty.gov/chie/PA_PE_intro….
PUB 650 Grand Canyon University Cost Effectiveness & Cost Benefit Analysis Discussion

Ch 11 – AIG and Global Financial Contagion Case.

NEED SOMONE DO ME THIS CASE AND THEN DOO MY ANOTHER PARPHRASE OF IT , SO TWO CASES, SAME THINGS DIFFERNT WORDS THANKSThe AIG case is on pp. 94-101. The FOUR (4) case questions are on pg. 101. Grading Rubric for QuestionsOn Late Submissions: If the assignment is turned in late, which means during class or after class, the questions will be graded according to the rubric below and then half of the points will be subtracted from the grade. For example, if you would have earned 3/3 on the questions; once the assignment is late, your score will be 1.5/3.0 pointsNot answered at all and if answered, answered with a phrase or a couple words.0.25 pointsThe question is not completely answered. Minimal answer with one complete sentence. Does not state complete facts from the case or only states beliefs.0.5 pointsOnly a part of the question is answered. This part is a good answer which uses facts from the case as well as an informed opinion based on those facts.0.75 points1.Part of the question is completely answered. This part is a good answer which uses facts from the case as well as an informed opinion based on those facts.2.The other part of the question is not completely answered. The answer is minimal with one complete sentence. This part of the answer does not state complete facts from the case and/or only states unsupported belief or opinion.1.0 pointIn order to receive full credit for this question, both parts of the question must be completely answered with facts from the case as well as a logical opinion based on those facts. In addition, if outside information from the Net is researched and used, this is an added benefit to create a superlative answer.PreviousNextCase Questions1. Explain the advantages and disadvantages of the globalization of finance. How did it contribute to the global financial crisis?2. Describe how the fall of AIG exemplifies contagion. How did the U.S. government bailout of AIG benefit foreign as well as U.S. firms and investors? Experts are advocating increased regulation to prevent contagion. At the national and international levels, what types of regulation might prevent future crises?3. Several European countries have adopted a single currency, the euro. Describe how adopting the euro might benefit countries in Eastern Europe. What are the advantages and disadvantages of a single currency regime in international financial transactions?4. As the world emerges from the global financial crisis, what is the potential role of each of the following: firms, banks, central banks, national governments, the International Monetary Fund, and the World Bank? What is the role of national governments in stimulating national economic growth?
Ch 11 – AIG and Global Financial Contagion Case

Equiano’s Influence and Narrative Essay

Table of Contents Introduction The verisimilitude of Equiano’s Narrative Understanding of Large-Scale Events Works Cited Introduction The life of Olaudah Equiano, otherwise known as Gustavus Vassa, is interesting for a number of reasons. His famous autobiography can be considered to be one of the causes of the success of a British movement that wanted to end the slave trade. Moreover, the impact of these writings and his narrative spread to the sphere of world literature as Equiano’s memoir was one of the few works of the 1800s that were written by persons of African descent (Carey). However, the credibility of this author was undermined by various scholars, who started to argue that Equiano’s place of birth was not Africa, as the author wrote but South Carolina. It is hard to assess the impact of this fact on the overall value of Equiano’s work and contribution to the abolition of slavery. This paper aims to investigate the possible outcomes of the fact that Equiano’s information of his place of birth is incorrect and discuss the effect it may have on people’s perceptions of large-slave events connected to slavery and the slave trade. The verisimilitude of Equiano’s Narrative The significance of Equiano’s autobiography only contributes to the fact that people believe that author’s information should be truthful. At the time when the memoir was published, Equiano’s words became the voice of people that suffered from being enslaved. Thus, his story and its contents had an immeasurable value to slaves as well as sympathizers and abolitionists. The facts disclosed by Equiano are his work, including every important event of his life story from the second of his birth to the days of his life as a free man. Every bit of information that he presented to his readers was seen as an illustration of a slave’s life (Jaros 17). Thus, the significance of his autobiography cannot be overstated. However, the question of credibility of the facts introduced in his book may change one’s perception of Equiano’s narrative. Some scholars that argue that Equiano was, in fact, born not in Africa but South Carolina extend their suspicion to other events that are described in the autobiography, which leads to people believing that the author was unreliable and untruthful in his depictions. While scholars may debate about this particular fact as a reason to change one’s outlook on the author’s trustworthiness, it is important to take into account the influence of Equiano’s work as a whole. In his work, Equiano portrayed the lives of enslaved people and devoted a significant part of the text to describe various types of abuse from which many slaves suffered. The depiction of these events may be considered crucial to the process of people beginning to understand the cruelty of this concept. Equiano wrote, “I have seen a negro man staked to the ground, and cut most shockingly… another negro man was half hanged and then burnt,” bringing the attention of people to the tortures that black people had to endure because of their origin (5). These particular parts might have been the center of attention among abolitionists, who based their vision on the firm belief in equality. The place of Equiano’s origin might have also played a role in people feeling more compassionate towards his life as the notion of a child being taken away from his motherland and brought to work as a slave to a different country was reasonably viewed as unjust. However, the fact that slavery once separated families, tribes, and populations should have been enough for people to believe in the cruelty of slavery. Although Equiano himself might have been born in America, other slaves were being brought from Africa on a regular basis. The narrative that Equiano proposed in his work should have expanded beyond one person to the nations that suffered from slavery. Thus, the place of birth of one man should not have diminished the lives of millions of other slaves. It is possible that Equiano decided to change some facts about his early life in order to create a life story that would be more appealing to the general audience. Therefore, he chose to craft a narrative that followed the lives of many slaves that Equiano possibly met throughout the course of his life. The fact that Equiano’s life may be seen as a template for a slave narrative is not accidental. Equiano represented many people that we’re unable to tell their stories to the world as he could. Thus, his work is not a simple recollection of one man’s life. It is a compilation of stories that surrounded him and other slaves for many years. Thus, the facts of his work should not be treated the same as the facts in textbooks. The immense value of his writings encompasses the feeling of the burden that slavery brought to the people that suffered from it. Therefore, even if the story of Equiano is untrue in some parts, the overall verisimilitude of the narrative should not be affected. Understanding of Large-Scale Events The scope of slavery and the slave trade surpasses one person by millions and millions of individuals. Thus, in my opinion, the possibility of Equiano lying about his origins should not change one’s understanding of such events. The story of Equiano, while possibly untrue in this case, might have been a reality for someone else. Although some of the facts of the story might have been fabricated, the purpose of every point is understandable as they all were targeted towards appealing to the audience. Every part of the author’s narrative, including his birthplace, journey to freedom, and literacy, is in the book because they create a person who can be deemed a human in the eyes of the general public. However, the fact that some of these aspects might have been untrue for Equiano does not mean that these elements have been false for every slave. First of all, there can be no doubt that many people were taken from their home countries, brought to Europe and colonies to serve, and treated as objects rather than people. Secondly, while many slaves of the following generations were born in captivity and not in the countries of their nations, it did not affect the way slave sellers and buyers treated them. The Slave trade was active in those countries as well, and enslaved people were still treated as items. Moreover, the impact of slavery can be seen to this day. Thus, the implications that one individual lied to influence the process that helped to free many people do not change the seriousness of the issue. In this situation, Equiano was a persona that lent his visibility to show a broader picture of those that could not express it to the people that we’re unable to see otherwise. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Works Cited Carey, Bryan. “Where Was Olaudah Equiano Born?” Bryan Carey. 2013, Web. Equiano, Olaudah. Life of Gustavus Vassa. Fordham University, 2013. Jaros, Peter. “Good Names: Olaudah Equiano or Gustavus Vassa.” The Eighteenth Century, vol. 54, no. 1, 2013, pp. 1-23.

The exporting group Case Study

programming assignment help Exporting a product to another country normally requires a lot of preparation as there various management issues are likely to emerge in such an undertaking, thereby leading to the failure of the operation. Many organizations such as Marks and Spencer have tried to venture into the international market on several occasions but without success. As such, the failure of these organizations has been a lesson to other exporting companies. As a result, it would be imperative not to duplicate the same management practices in the UK during the Alexander beer export venture. This is because the UK consumers have different preferences, demands, and purchasing patterns. The company is prepared to undertake an integration process in the UK market. Given that the UK alcohol beverage market is competitive, the company is prepared to get involved in a management buy-in. Moreover, the exporting group will adopt a global internationalization strategy. The exporting company will adopt a buy-in management strategy. This implies the company will have to get an outside manager who is familiar with the export business especially in the UK market (Slee, 2011). The reason behind the management buy-in strategy is that it would ensure that management issues in the UK market are addressed. On the other hand, the company can also decide to look for another firm that has experience in the UK market and try a buy-in. For example, a company would adopt a company which has a wider range of management teams and distribution network. This would help the organization fit well in the UK system. The company will approach an existing company but under the alcohol beverage industry and buy the firm. In the process, the company will retain the existing management team and incorporate nominated team based in Canada with experience in the industry (Slee, 2011). The blending of the buy-in management team and the nominated team will be able to meet the management problems in the UK market. Given that the Alexander beer brands have a different taste compared to the UK’s beer brands, the possibility of yielding more under the buy-in company is high. As such, the company believes that it will yield high sales compared to the annual sales and profits recorded by existing firms in the UK beer market. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The new strategy which involves the infusion of management team and capital will improve the operational and the strategic positioning. The company will try to tap the management of the existing firm which has adequate experience and knowledge lacking in the exporting company. The positioning strategy will enable the company evade the failures associated with the duplication of management in an international market. Obviously, the existing team has the market knowledge, consumer behaviors, purchasing patterns and trends of the UK beverage industry. A strong relation is required between the exporting group and other operational groups in UK. Therefore, the exporting group will have to cooperate with the buy-in management to ensure full potential (Slee, 2011). For example, the company plans to apply workforce diversity which will ensure exchange of ideas, opinions, and suggestions in the organization. Given that the exporting group has top tier and highly trained employees in management, the incorporation of the buy-in management team will enable diversification. In addition, it should be noted that the management buy in process has targeted a company with experience and a clean operational track record as advised by Slee (2011). Generally, the company is planning the first export venture. However, although it lacks the experience of an exporter it has all mechanism put into place. The buy-in from management will involve a company which has experience and knowledge in the export industry. This will necessitate the easy blending in the market as UK based distributors will provide the technical and marketing know how required in export entrepreneurship. The exporting group has established a communication system with the targeted alcoholic beverage industry market influencers, industry and financial analysts. The analysts and the market influencers have the required experience and knowledge on the market. We will write a custom Case Study on The exporting group specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The information gained will be availed to the exporting group management team. The process of exposing the management team to participate in understanding the UK market will not only prepare them psychologically, but give them the picture of the target market. This coupled by buy-in will ultimately solve the management issues which may arise while carrying out the exporting business implementation process (Metayer, 2012; Slee, 2011). The management will deliver the expected Alexander beer message rather than inventing messages for the consumers. A new venture in a new market with no prior experience and knowledge can be devastating hence leading to company failure. However, the consideration of the 3Cs is very vital. These 3Cs are customer, competition, and channel. The exporting group will have to put into consideration how these three marketing components will be aligned in the buy-in process. The management will ensure that the buy-in staff gives the exporting company with the details concerning these three components (Slee, 2011). For example, the company will use existing supply chain of the existing company to enhance easy distribution and supply of the Alexander beer products to customers in the set time frame. The distribution channels of the existing company acquired in the buy in process will necessitate easy and reliable availability of Alexander beer products. Although the employees of the exporting company lack any past experience on export business, they have knowledge acquired from employees of buy in company and market influencers. The knowledge on exporting coupled with the experience of the existing firm will aid in entering the new market. Given the past failure rate of companies trying export venture, the company has adequately prepared through the acquisition of market information. Furthermore, the employees of the company have extensive experience and knowledge in the alcohol beverage industry which meets the marketing objectives. They are top-tier and have been well trained in business management and customer service. The staff will blend well in the UK market and cooperate with other stakeholders in the new market. Not sure if you can write a paper on The exporting group by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More In the past, the company was contracted to assist in an export business where it emerged as a success. Additionally, the company has indentified UK based distributors who have been in the alcohol beverage business for long and are also interested in the export business. The company plans to adopt global strategy of internationalization during it expansion process. The management is fully aware of its export failure rates in the past, and they have capitalized on this knowledge to provide a global strategic plan which will allow a successful export business. Since legal regulations and rules regarding the market operations in the UK are different from those in Canada, the company’s legal team will cooperate with their counterparts in the UK to avoid acrimony. This will enable the company to operate within the required market regulations. Additionally, the identified company will assist in processing all required documents to necessitate smooth running of the business. Buy-in of the senior management team will equip the company with both soft and hard communication skills essential in management (Metayer, 2012). In summary, the exporting group is fully aware of the failure rates of businesses which have tried to operate the export business. Nonetheless, the group will get involved in buy-in from management where UK based organization will be targeted and purchased. The takeover will retain all the employees of the company but include its employees to make a full diversified team. It will also cooperate with financial analysts, market influencers, and market analysts to get the required information about the UK market. The information will equip the employees with the necessary information for business expansion given that the exporting group lacks prior market experience. Also, the exporting group will utilize the expertise of the existing management to channel Alexander beer products to the consumers at the specified time. The targeted company has been chosen for buy-in because the exporting group believes the new products have the potential of yielding more than the current yields. It also believes that the combination of the two will reduce any management challenges which may occur in the future. The global internationalization strategy will ensure that duplication of operational and strategic positioning does not exist in the current venture. Reference List Metayer, E. (2012). How to get senior management buy-in. Retrieved from http://www.smartbiz.com/article/view/63/1/8 Slee, R. T. (2011). Private Capital Markets: Valuation, Capitalization, and Transfer of Private Business Interests. London: John Wiley

MJ 650 AC Substantive Criminal Law & Statute Development Research Paper

MJ 650 AC Substantive Criminal Law & Statute Development Research Paper.

I’m working on a law multi-part question and need guidance to help me learn.

ACTIVITY 2MJ650 Criminal Law and ProcedureLesson 2: Substantive Criminal Law – Part I Activity 2: Statute Development (100 points)Assume that you are a state legislator serving on the criminal justice committee. There have been numerous complaints about the lack of enforcement of laws related to offenses committed through the use of computers (e.g., computer theft, identity theft, consumer fraud). The police claim that it is difficult to classify certain types of computer manipulations under the traditional laws defining theft and embezzlement. After perusing at least five (5) academic articles discussing the various types of computer crimes, draft a statute that would assist the police on this issue. Explain in the comments that accompany your bill why the statute is necessary, how it will solve the problems currently existing, and which articles you consulted in drafting your proposed legislation. In drafting this statute, also examine and cite at least five (5) federal or other state statutes in the same area, and explain how your proposed statute is similar to or different from those statutes, justifying any differences. Include a bibliography that is not part of the minimum page requirement. Your Activity responses should be both grammatically and mechanically correct, and formatted in the same fashion as the Activity itself. If there is a Part A, your response should identify a Part A, etc. In addition, you must appropriately cite all resources used in your response and document in a bibliography using APA style. (A 4-page paper is required) Grading Rubric Please refer to the rubric on the following page for the grading criteria for this assignment.
MJ 650 AC Substantive Criminal Law & Statute Development Research Paper

Battle of Gettysberg Essay

Battle of Gettysberg Essay. Throughout the American history, several civil wars have taken place. The most famous civil war took place in the year 1863 in a small market called Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. This battle preceded by the confederate army led by General Robert E. Lee coming into Pennsylvania through the Potomac River. The confederate army from Northern Virginia was fighting the union army forces. General Robert lee had enjoyed a series of victories in the previous battles. The recent victory was at Chancellorsville, and General Lee decided to take the war on the union’s soil1. He ordered his men to enter Pennsylvania. The fight broke out on July 1 with the confederate army troops amounting to 75,000 men. The federal troops were advancing from south with a total of 90,000 men. Within a short time, the landscape of Pennsylvania was a chaotic, war zone. The confederates were fighting to defend their way of life. The union on the other hand was fighting to stop the confederates from the claim to sovereignty2. Lee had strong strategy to win the war. He used his skilled army personnel to be at the front line and guide his troops to war. He ensured his lieutenants were talented in the battlefield. When confronting the union forces, Lee ensured his army covered wide latitude. His troops were capable of reaping strategic and tactical benefits while at battle zones. He had Lt. Gen. James Longstreet on the left wing. Longstreet was considered a strong point for the entire confederate army. General Richard S. Ewell and Ambrose Powell Hill were on the right wing. His main aim was to disperse the union army across the broad front line3. He concentrated his full strength to bring down Major General George G. Meade. Robert Lee had an upper hand in organizing his troops. As the union troops were scattered in the West, General Lee had gathered his leading forces made a series of attacks to the union forces. Lee’s troops used the cordon strategy up to the end of the war4. This defense strategy was easy to adopt and allowed them to push the unionists farther north. General Lee tactic was to surround the town and catch the union forces unaware. The union troops tried to hold them back, but all was in vain. Lee sent two of his corps to attack the union flanks and collapse them hence instilling fear to the entire troop5. Lt. Gen. Richard Ewell was ordered to attack the right flank along Gulp’s Hill while his colleague Lt. Gen. James Longstreet attacked the left flank along the Cemetery Ridge. Longstreet had an easy time fighting the left flank since the commander in charge of that flank was not a professional soldier but rather a politician whose role was to gunner democratic support for the war. The decisions Major General Sickles took put the entire flank in jeopardy since Longstreet capitalized on that blunder to finish them. Sickles moved the troops on higher ground near Emmetsburg Road. This made them unsecured since they had placed a gap of more than half a mile between them and the rest of the union forces6. Longstreet strategy was to capitalize in the weakness of the enemy and pursue them until the extreme end. The hot pursuit enraged the union forces, and they requested reinforcement from New York and Massachusetts. Longstreet ensured that he maintained an offensive momentum throughout his operation. When sensing, he was out powered Longstreet resorted to defensive mechanism. When Meade had formed a defensive troop, Longstreet opted to form a similar defensive team in the midst of the union army and let them attack first7. Longstreet was excellent in leading his troops to different formations and military pageantry. These spectacles amazed the federals and were unable to counter these tactics. The difference between Longstreet strategy and Lee’s strategy is that Longstreet involved many mind tactics to counter the opponent. On the other hand, Lee used force and the power mechanism to counter opposition. This shows that in order to be successful in the battlefields the mind tactic is more appropriate and successful. Longstreet was able to succeed in most encounters until when he was wounded whereas Lee had to retreat after failing to defeat General Meade. Longstreet and lee differed on the decisions they took. When lee ordered Longstreet to attack, he was rather slow to get his troops into formation. This gave the union forces time to strengthen their defense. Longstreet efforts to convince lee to reconsider his options were futile. He rejected Longstreet’s proposal for initiating operational flanking maneuver. Lee had a strong belief that the buttered union army will fall with one last push. Lee decided to gamble with his decision and attacked union solders from the central front line8. Lee planned to attack the union centre since he believed that the attacks made by Longstreet had demoralized the union. He believed his army was invincible and could take on the opponent in any condition. He mistook that the union were weak and pushed forward with his plan to attack the centre flank. Union’s artillery responded fiercely and after an hour the gunshots fell silent. Meade, who was in charge of the union’s central flank, tricked the confederates well, and the rebels were pierced. Their attention was diverted towards the cemetery ridge. Mead ordered his artillery to open fire at close range. He took advantage of the slowed pace of the confederate and wiped out a vast number of their soldiers in a vicious battle. This forced Lee to retreat back up to the Potomac River9. Had the confederate taken the high ground on Cemetery Ridge, they would have rake Meade’s army and split the union lines hence they would have emerged victorious. This would have changed the political scene ahead of the next general elections. President Lincoln would have experienced massive political fallout and sent him and his administration out of power. Meade strategy was to seek the reinforcement of the union forces to total up to 100,000 men in a defensive position10. After the fierce fighting, Meade continued to hold his ground and ordered his troops to maintain position and wait for Lee to strike again. In addition, Meade used mental assessment to predict the next move Lee would take. His predictions were always correct hence the situation found him well prepared. With his prediction, he took decisive action to reduce the number of soldiers at some areas. He made a blunder of reducing infantrymen at the Cemetery Ridge, since he predicted that lee would attack from south. The infantry men he left at the front-line were over stretched hence giving Longstreet an upper hand in the battle. Meade also used tricks such as diverting the thoughts of the rebels that their canons were knocked out. When the confederates fell for the trick the federals pounced back on them. Meade nearly ended the war but due to fatigue and caution he chose not to pursue Lee as he retreated. Lee’s loss was due to the fact that the union had high financial support men and supplies. This gave the union forces an opportunity to strike back while capitalizing on these two weak points. Another crucial blow to General Lee’s campaign was when Longstreet suffered a serious wound that led to his fall11. Despite the strong confidence, lee had with his troops he was still disturbed by the death of General Stonewall Jackson. In addition, Ewell and Hill also fell out at a critical point when the battle was at its peak. Moreover, the confederates’ efforts were catastrophic since more than a third of their topnotch high command officers became causalities to the six week unrelenting combat. Lee also lacked his Calvary leader Jeb Stuart who acted as his eyes and ears during troop movement. Furthermore, Hill’s health was a prime concern to Lee. With the absent of Longstreet, and the disappointment of Hill and Ewell, Lee helplessly watched as his hopes to win the war crumble. Furthermore, Lee’s failure was as a result of indefinite war timetable. His troops were caught unaware several times. Union canons pounded on his troops while they were in trenches at Culp’s hill. Lee’s difference with Longstreet might have contributed to his failure at some point. They could not agree on the number of troops to be sent to charge the enemy at Cemetery Ridge. This generated a split within the confederates; those that supported lee and those behind Longstreet. This drift influenced the morale of the soldiers and broke the unity of the confederates. Apart from the drift, Lee’s plan to get Stuart’s cavalry to divert the federals from the main battle failed. The federals and confederate cavalries clashed causing Stuart to retreat. Another factor, which led to their failure, is that Lee’s infantrymen were poor in aiming at the opponents shell. Most of their cannon fire went overhead the opponent. The implication of the battle resulted to 23,000 federals and 28,000 confederates wounded, lost and dead12. The confederates left 7,500 men lying on the battlefields. Most confederates lost morale after the defeat in Gettysburg. The battle led to many rebels being captured Lee’s defeat at Gettysburg was perceived as a turning point for the war. The tide of the war shifted towards the south. President Lincoln was infuriated by the decision taken by Meade to let Lee run away. He wanted him to finish the confederates completely and end the war. The battle was a clear indication that both the north and the south want ultimate victory in the war. The battle recorded the highest number of casualties in death and wounded. The damage brought by the war was enormous13. The collateral damage was strongly felt by the residence of Gettysburg. The psychological torture to the men who survived the battle haunts them up to now. The war left the federals with a huge task of reconstructing Gettysburg. On the other hand, the confederates had a difficult time reconstructing their army in order to continue with the war. The battle further drifted the nation into two factions, the north and south. With effect to clear the dead bodies, mass graves were dug all over the region. The region also had explosives and ammunitions that were not used. After the battle, the union had no doubts they were on the right track. The win at Gettysburg gave them a significant upper hand on the next stages of the civil war. Reference List Gallagher, Gary. “Death And Wounds Plagued Lee’s Command.” Civil War Times 51, No. 1 (2012): 18-23. Luvaas, Jay, Harold W. Nelson, And Army War College (U.S.), Eds. Guide To The Battle Of Gettysburg Edited U.S. Army War College Guides To Civil War Battles. Edited By Jay Luvaas And Harold W. Nelson. Westbrooke Circle, KS: University Press Of Kansas, 1994. Maciejewski, Jeffrey. “Buying Time.” America’s Civil War 24, No. 3 (2011): 44-51. Weigley, Russell Frank. A Great Civil War: A Military And Political History, 1861-1865 Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 2000. 1 Gallagher, Gary. “Death And Wounds Plagued Lee’s Command.” Civil War Times 51, No. 1 (2012): 18-23. 2 Luvaas, Jay, Harold W. Nelson, And Army War College (U.S.), Eds. Guide To The Battle Of Gettysburg Edited U.S. Army War College Guides To Civil War Battles. Edited By Jay Luvaas And Harold W. Nelson. Westbrooke Circle, KS: University Press Of Kansas, 1994, p. 7. 3 Weigley, Russell Frank. A Great Civil War: A Military And Political History, 1861-1865 Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 2000, p. 246 4 Luvaas and Harold, 208. 5 Weigley, 47. 6 Maciejewski, Jeffrey. “Buying Time.” America’s Civil War 24, No. 3 (2011): 47. 7 Maciejewski, 49. 8 Weigley, 250. 9 Gallagher, 19. 10 Maciejewski, 50. 11 Maciejewski, 48. 12 Maciejewski, 51. 13 Luvaas and Harold, 118. Battle of Gettysberg Essay