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Psychopathy Checklist-Revised

The Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R) is an international clinical tool, used to assess psychopathic personality disorder and indicate an offender’s risk for recidivism. Critically discuss the use of this instrument for diagnosis of psychopathy and assessment of risk. Psychopathy is a clinical construct defined by a pattern of interpersonal, affective, and behavioural characteristics; some of these include superficial charm; shallow affect; lack of guilt, remorse, or empathy; manipulation; deception; impulsivity; irresponsibility; poor behavioural controls; and a range of antisocial and unethical behaviours, however, these are not necessarily criminal (Hare, 1993; Hare, 2003). Research has found that these features can become evident in early childhood and tend to be relatively stable during adolescence and into adulthood (Lynam, Caspi, Moffitt, Loeber, and Stouthamer-Loeber, 2007; Lynam, Loeber and Stouthamer-Loeber, 2008). Hare (-) suggests that approximately one percent of the general population are psychopaths, but this is much higher in the prison population (approximately twenty percent) – check this, done from memory of lectures – also find citation. Although a small percentage of psychopaths are present in the general population, Hare (1998) states that psychopaths commit their first crime earlier and commit offences at a higher rate than other criminals. While in prison or an institute, they tend to be uncooperative and disruptive, therefore they are hard to manage and most psychopaths do not respond to standard treatment programmes. Therefore, it is essential that psychopathy is measured accurately in order to gain insight into treatment methods and risk assessment with psychopaths. This essay is going to focus on the PCL-R as this is the tool that is most frequently used to assess psychopathy and research has established high reliability and validity in prison and forensic psychiatric populations (Hare, 1991 cited in Gacono and Hutton, 1994). First, I will discuss the use of the PCL-R for diagnosing psychopathy; I will then critically discuss whether the PCL-R is useful for assessing the risk of psychopaths. Hare (1980) created a research tool for measuring psychopathy; this was originally called the PCL, which was then later revised and published as the PCL-R (Hare 1991; see also Hart, Hare and Harpur, 1992). Hare (1998) has argued that to understand the nature of psychopathy, we must first be able to identify and measure the construct. If we are to make use of correctional and mental health resources, we have to be able to make educated choices about which treatments are suitable. Additionally, in order to protect society, we have to assess the risk of psychopathy for violence and recidivism reliably. Hare (1998) believes that the PCL-R achieves these purposes. Psychopathy is measured using detailed file information alongside a semi-structured interview in which the PCL-R is used. The PCL-R is a clinical construct which has 20 items; each item has a 3-point scale whereby a score of 0, 1, or 2 is given depending on the criteria matched. An estimate of the degree to which someone corresponds with the prototypical psychopath is then given by the final score (ranging from 0 to 40). Hare, Harpur, Hakstian, Forth, Hart and Newman (1990) found that the PCL-R measures a unitary construct (high internal consistency), but also has a two-factor structure. The tool measures affective/interpersonal features (factor 1) and social deviance (factor 2); factor 2 is also significantly correlated with diagnoses of antisocial personality disorder (APD). However, it is important to note that the two labels cannot be used interchangeably as people can be diagnosed with either or both. Hare (1996a – from without conscience) states that if this is not recognised, conclusions can be misleading. Now that a general background on psychopathy has been given and the basic way in which the PCL-R works has been explained, I will discuss studies that have focussed on whether the PCL-R is an accurate measure of psychopathy. Research has confirmed that the PCL-R measures psychopathy; the tool has a stable factor structure (Hare, et al. 1990; Harpur, Hakstian and Hare, 1988) and has high interrater and test-retest reliability (Hare, et al. 1990; Schroeder, Schroeder and Hare, 1983 AND Cacciola, Rutherford and Alterman, 1990; Alterman, Cacciola and Rutherford, 1993). Therefore, on first site, it seems as though the PCL-R can accurately measure psychopathy. However, due to researchers focussing on North American Caucasian males in prison and forensic populations, the psychometric properties have only been established with this section of the population (Cooke and Mitchie, 1997; Harpur, Hare,
why Ihave to study Business Finance ?. I’m stuck on a Business question and need an explanation.

We have a requirement that all OSU business students must take Business Finance, even if they aren’t finance majors. The question, which some of you may already be asking, is why?
Your task for this assignment is to identify ways in which this course may help you in your personal and/or professional career. For some students, there will be very clear linkages between this class and their future successes. For others, it may not be as clear, and you may think that this assignment is going to be just a creative writing exercise. I challenge you to think broadly and consider how the knowledge and skills you learn in this course may help you regardless of the direction your future career path takes you.
why Ihave to study Business Finance ?

Chemistry homework help

Chemistry homework help. The management team was so impressed with the report you submitted a couple of weeks ago, that they have asked you to prepare another report in the form of a Microsoft PowerPoint presentation which addresses additional questions they have about some of their products.They would like to use this information at the next Board meeting so they have asked you to prepare a PowerPoint presentation using the information below. They want to make sure they have talking points available when they deliver the presentation so they have asked you to use the notes section of PowerPoint to clearly explain the information presented on each of the slides.They would like for you to design a title slide which captures the audience?s attention, an introduction slide(s) which contains executive summary information, slides which support each of the four sections below including talking points, and a solid conclusion.They have asked that you contain your presentation to approximately 15 slides. The management team may be asked to justify the information you present so it is imperative that you show your calculations. You may want to compute your calculations in Excel and copy that information into your PowerPoint.PART 1:ÿThe following information is available for GFI?s maintenance cost over the last seven months. Use the high low method to estimate the fixed and variable components of its maintenance cost. Would this be an effective way to estimate these costs? Justify your answer by explaining why this is an effective way or why it is not.PART 2:ÿIn 2001, Ms. Kelle, the head of aerobic equipment sales, started a fitness magazine called the Dancing Elephant. The magazine sells 50,000 copies a month. The total variable costs at that volume are $40,000 and fixed costs are $20,000. An additional storage cost of $2,000 will be incurred if production exceeds 55,000 units.You have been asked to forecast the following costs for two possible production runs of (a) 52,000 units and (b) 57,000 units:Total variable costsVariable cost per unitTotal fixed costFixed cost per unitPART 3:ÿGFI manufacturers ping pong tables and has a JIT policy that ending inventory must equal 10 percent of the next month?s sales. It is estimated that April?s actual ending inventory will consist of 40,000 ping pong tables. May and June sales are estimated to be 400,000 and 350,000 tables respectively. Compute the number of tables to be produced that would appear on GFI?s production budget for the month of May.Good management includes good budgeting. Explain why the bottom-up approach to budgeting is considered a more successful management technique then a top down approach. Provide an example of implementation of the bottom-up approach to budgeting.PART 4:ÿComputer A has a book value of $1,500 and a current resale value of $800. The computer is needed to fulfill a client order, but if it’s used on this project then its resale value will be zero. The project contract is valued at $5,000. $2,000 has already been spent on specialized software, which will be used on the project and which has no value for any other use. A printer costing $400 is needed for a separate project.Comment on and determine the costs which are relevant to the decision regarding whether or not to commit to complete the project. Based upon the information at hand, determine whether this project is profitable. Show your calculations.Submission:The presentation must be submitted as a Microsoft Power Point presentation adhering to the instructions provided in the opening paragraph.Chemistry homework help

Write a Great Cover Letter

i need help writing an essay Write a Great Cover Letter. I’m working on a Health & Medical question and need guidance to help me study.

Assignment Content

Research the following using your web browser:

Cover letter tutorials and video explanation
Cover letter templates

Compose a cover letter. Consider the job description and listed requirements you selected in Week 3 as you write your cover letter.

Submit your assignment.

Resume attached. Position is Healthcare Administrator
Write a Great Cover Letter

Santa Monica College Skill of Self Reflection Using an Intersectional Framework Paper

Santa Monica College Skill of Self Reflection Using an Intersectional Framework Paper.

Prompt: Write a (600-700 word) self-reflection that introduces yourself as a member of multiple groups (racial, ethnic, class, gender, sexuality, age, etc). Follow the instructions and paragraph outline below to demonstrate your understanding of an intersectional analysis. Getting Started:Think of this assignment as an extension of the PERSONAL introduction essay you wrote at the beginning of the class. Review your personal introduction, and think about how this assignment might spring from something you said in that essay.Think about this assignment as a stepping stone to your final Critical Thinking essay in which you will define critical thinking based on what you have learned in this course and illustrate what critical thinking means to you by analyzing and taking a stand on a civic problem that matters to you, e.g. economic inequality, voter apathy, voter suppression, violence in public schools, climate change denial, hyperpolarization, trolling on social media, etc.Characteristics of a strong self-reflection from an intersectional framework:Courageously & authentically accept the challenge of the Socratic imperative, “know thyself.”Mitigate cognitive biases which keep you from acknowledging your blind spots.Examine your social identity from both a member of an oppressed group AND a member of a privileged group.Contextualize your social identity by reference to places, events, and movements which have influenced you.Instructions: Follow this process to compose your self-reflectionWatch and take notes for your self-reflection: (Links to an external site.)Brainstorm & free-write using the following prompts:· The part of my identity that I am most aware of on a daily basis is _________.· The part of my identity that I feel others most often identity with me is __________.· The part of my identity that I feel gives me the most privilege is __________.· The part of my identity that I feel empowers me the most is __________.· The part of my identity that makes me feel uncomfortable at times is __________.· The part of my identity that I feel I am least aware of is _________.· When serving in the community, the part of my identity that I am most aware of is_________. SOURCE: Exploring Diversity & Intersectionality (Links to an external site.)Discuss your insights from your free-write with a friend or classmate.Write a first draft using the paragraph outline below.Read aloud to your friend or classmate to see what feels authentic and what feels forced or uncomfortable.PARAGRAPH OUTLINE:What makes it difficult to reflect on your social identity from an intersectional perspective and why is it beneficial as a critical thinker to do so?Write a paragraph about how you identify in terms of race or ethnicityWrite a paragraph about how you identify in terms of genderWrite a paragraph about how you identify in terms of social classWrite a paragraph about another important dimension of your social identity, e.g. religion, sexuality, disability, nationality, etc.Explain how your social identity influences how you look at things as a critical thinker.Explain how your social identity might inform a civic issue about which you feel strongly.
Santa Monica College Skill of Self Reflection Using an Intersectional Framework Paper

20th Century Western Psychological Understandings of Male Homosexuality HW

20th Century Western Psychological Understandings of Male Homosexuality HW.

Homework Kit. Please submit your answers on Blackboard/TED before class. This is a TurnItIn assignment and we WILL check for originality. There is no upper limit to how many words you write, however you must write a minimum of 500 words total. Answer every question the best you can. Your total wordcount must be at least 500 words for the questions all together, but you may submit more. Please do not plagiarize, copy material from the internet, or copy another student’s work. Please read each assignment, and then write the journal notes in your own words。 Citation requirement Since we are having the reading journal as our weekly assignment, it is really important for you to have the proper in-text citations. When you refer to one of the readings, you have to put the last name of the author and the page number in parentheses, especially if the name of the author does not appear in the sentence itself, as in this example sentence from Purdue writing hub at example: 1. Wordsworth extensively explored the role of emotion in the creative process (263). But if you are quoting the cited text verbatim, please put it in quotation marks. That would look like this example: 2. Wordsworth stated that Romantic poetry was marked by a “spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings” (263). or 3. Romantic poetry is characterized by the “spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings” (Wordsworth 263). Please make sure to quote the readings, directly or indirectly, in your responses, and to use the above basic format to indicate sources. Homework #2: READ Kang, Wenqing. “Male Same-Sex Relations in Modern China: Language, Media Representation, and Law, 1900-1949,” in positions: east asia cultures critique, 2010, vol. 18, no. 2, special issue on “Beyond the Strai(gh)ts: Transnationalism and Queer Chinese Politics,” ed. Liu, Petrus and Lisa Rofel: 489-510.READ Rofel, Lisa. “Qualities of Desire: Imagining Gay Identities,” in Desiring China: Experiments in Neoliberalism, Sexuality, and Public Culture. Chapel Hill: Duke University Press, 2007: 85-110. E-book through UCSD.Read any one of the following and summarize it in your own words: Answer the following questions: In contrast to Martin, Kang suggests that early 20th-century Western psychological understandings of male homosexuality were adopted in China because they were “similar to the local understanding of male same-sex relations.” What did he mean? What are two examples that Kang discusses of existing ways of viewing male homosexuality that were negative (and therefore fit with Western pathologized notions of homosexuality)? Why was homosexuality excluded from certain categories of criminal sexual behavior, according to Kang? Answer the following questions: Rofel asks why people assume that “a global gay identity exists.” What is her answer? What do you think? What does Rofel say about the concept of “face” with respect to “coming out” for gay men in China? What are the assumptions about homosexuality that visitors like non- Chinese activists bring to China from overseas sometimes bring? 5. “Farewell My Fantasy,” Sean Metzger. Journal of Homosexuality, 2008:
20th Century Western Psychological Understandings of Male Homosexuality HW