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PSYC 2009 Walden University Steve and Sigmund Freud Research Paper

PSYC 2009 Walden University Steve and Sigmund Freud Research Paper.

Paper must be written in APA 7th edition format.assigned reading is from the book “Personality theory and research 14th edition” by Daniel Cervone and Lawrence Pervin chapters 3 and 4Assignment: Steve and Sigmund FreudPersonality theories are not meant to be simply studied—they are developed to help understand people. Your work in this course is designed to give you opportunities to apply theories and consider their effectiveness. That work begins with this Assignment and a guy named Steve.The case study of Steve from the Week 2 Learning Resources describes a man whose desire for a relationship with women does not extend beyond the physical and sexual. Perhaps you know or have known people like Steve. You may have your own theories on their behavior—or been consistently stumped by it. For now, set aside any preconceived notions about Steve. For this Assignment, you will work from the details in the case study to analyze Steve’s behavior and apply a Freudian approach to determine the cause of Steve’s attitude toward women.To prepare:Read about Steve in Case Study: Sigmund Freud, found in this week’s Learning Resources. Review other Week 2 Learning Resources on Freud and his psychoanalytic theory.Consider how Freud’s theories of psychosexual development would explain Steve’s behavior, including the stage at which Steve is likely fixated and, according to Freud, why.By Day 7Submit a 2- to 3-page paper that includes the following:Briefly explain Freud’s views on the levels and structure of personality in general.Analyze how Freud’s ideas explain Steve’s behavior. In your answer, be sure to identify the stage of psychosexual development in which Steve is likely fixated.Based on what you have studied so far, evaluate how well you think psychoanalytic theories explain human behavior in general.Note: Support the responses within your Assignment with evidence from the assigned Learning Resources. Provide a reference list for resources you used for this Assignment.Learning ResourcesNote: To access this week’s required library resources, please click on the link to the Course Readings List, found in the Course Materials section of your Syllabus.Required ReadingsCervone, D., & Pervin, L. A. (2019). Personality: Theory and research (14th ed.). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.Chapter 3, “A Psychodynamic Theory: Freud’s Psychoanalytic Theory of Personality” (pp. 53-84)Chapter 4, “Freud’s Psychoanalytic Theory: Applications, Related Theoretical Conceptions, and Contemporary Research” (pp. 85-125)Review these chapters of the text to support your Discussion and Assignment in Week 2. Also note that the Week 2 Test for Understanding is based on the material in these chapters.Case Study: Sigmund Freud (PDF)Ashcraft, D. (2009). Personality theories workbook (4th ed., pp. 69–71). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth/Cengage Learning. Copyright 2009 by Wadsworth. Reprinted by permission of Wadsworth, a Division of Cengage Learning via the Copyright Clearance Center. Read this case study on “Steve” and his behavior toward women as the basis of your Assignment in Week 2.WebsitesBoeree, C. G. (2009). Personality theories: Sigmund Freud. Retrieved from
PSYC 2009 Walden University Steve and Sigmund Freud Research Paper

Jack Dwight (not his real name), aged 26 was diagnosed with paranoid schizophrenia in October 2004. In August 2004 Jack’s best friend was killed by a group of youths who were terrorising their neighbourhood. Before the diagnosis Jack’s family was concerned about his constant complaints of headache and tummy ache. He suffered from a severe lack of appetite. He lost a lot of weight in a short time – from 120 to 108 kg in just two months. Jack no longer paid attention to his personal hygiene – his body odour was unbearable. Around September 2004 Jack developed an uncontrollable fear that he was going to be run over by a vehicle. He would not be persuaded to venture into the street, even going to his favourite store to get cigarettes for himself. He became extremely anti-social, keeping to himself in his locked bedroom most of the time. His family could not cope with his anger outbursts, which sometimes became violent. Thus it was that in October Jack was diagnosed with paranoid schizophrenia. Jack’s behaviour proved that Pinker (1997) is right when he states that sometimes, when thrust into a new and highly stressful situation, people suffer acute paranoia. For six weeks Jack was admitted to a psychiatric hospital where a team of specialists worked with him. It was on the 14th December 2004 that Jack was sent back home, and I became a part of his home staff of care providers. The medical staff prescribed pain killers – Paracetamol or Codeine for his headache, and antacids like Gaviscon for the tummy. It was agreed that care givers should try to redirect him whenever possible when he complained about head or tummy aches. It was suggested that since Jack enjoyed tea, he should first be offered calming tea when he complained of pain. He was also given Multi vitamins and Risperdal to take in the morning and evening. Jack is now happy to ask for a cup of Camomile tea whenever he has a headache. He understands that if his headache persists, he is allowed to take pain killers. He enjoys receiving positive feedback when he does not ask for painkillers all the time. He has even suggested that I serve him a cup of Camomile tea once every hour because he has realized that this controls his headaches. He has not made this request to my colleague who takes care of him when I am off duty. Instead, he gets the usual headache during this care giver’s shift. At this point one wonders whether this is similar to what Sorensen, Paul, and Mariotto (1988) refer to when they say “in some cases the paranoia diminishes for psychological reasons rather than because of the drug’s action.” I argue this because Jack’s headaches seem to surface when he is taken care of by some, and not other care givers. To this effect Smith (2003) is of the opinion that the outcome of therapy “may be determined by the ‘chemistry’ or fit between the therapist and the client than the specific modality being employed.” (p.61) In order to improve his appetite, Jack’s nutritionist suggested that Jack should be involved in the planning of a healthy menu. His opinion was to be sought and he was encouraged to plan his meals, choosing from a wide range of foods in the refrigerator. Care givers were advised to invite him to participate in the cooking and preparation of his meals, if he so wished. That plan worked very well because he felt a sense of ownership and was very proud to be serving his care givers the food that he himself has prepared. He started to enjoy meals that he had planned himself. This also made him to take an interest in reading the labels on all food packages, and he was proud to tell staff about the nutritional value of foodstuffs. The advantages of Jack’s involvement in the kitchen were enormous. Apart from improving his appetite, Jack also took an interest in going grocery shopping – something he had previously refused to do. He realized that he had to bathe and dress in clean clothes before going shopping. So his state of personal hygiene improved. He enjoyed watching his reflection in the mirror before going out. We now turn the trips to the grocery store into special excursions. I have noticed that even his need for a cup of Camomile tea disappears when we prepare to go shopping. It is not uncommon for him to compile the shopping list before going out. Jack recently invited his case manager to join us for shopping because he wanted to show her how well he was managing the shopping exercise. Before Jack’s friend was killed, they both worked as shop assistants in the local supermarket. During his illness Jack did not want to see any of his former work mates. He believed that they had plotted against his friend, and that they would do the same against him. This behaviour is in line with what Smith (2003) says, “paranoid persons have a highly developed aptitude for fabricating stories – making connections is like seeing shapes in clouds.” (p.39) In January 2005 the case manager helped Jack to sign up for membership at the local Clubhouse where care providers accompany him to attend meetings at least three times a week. Jack has met and talked to other individuals who have had a similar illness to his. The counselling they receive at the Clubhouse has helped Jack to want to renew his membership of his former workplace’s bowling club. From March 2005 Jack has been accepting invitations from former work mates to go bowling with them. The local Clubhouse operates on a slightly psychoanalytical manner in the sense that it serves all of Smith’s (2003) purposes in one integrated package. At the Clubhouse psychological problems are addressed in a comprehensive interdisciplinary method. Clients are given vocational training so that they can attain some basic skills of concentration and reasoning that would enable them to fit in the job world again. In May 2005 Jack was invited, through the help of the case manager, by his former employer to work some shifts. At the moment his job is in the cafeteria section where he works three hours for four days in a week. He cleans tables and makes sure the dining area is generally clean. Jack seems to enjoy going to work. His job coach, a qualified rehabilitation specialist reports that Jack is an asset at work, the cafeteria manager is pleased and speaks highly of Jack. At the Clubhouse clients also receive training in handling their finances. Jack is now capable of balancing his bank balance. He draws a budget, based on what he earns from his employer and his weekly allowance. He compares prices and chooses which hairdresser, restaurant, super market, etc. to visit. Qualified physiotherapists are available to advise clients on the best ways to relax. They teach clients how to breathe, exercise muscles, or meditate when feeling anxious. The Clubhouse staff also organises evening social events during most weekends. Clients are invited to bring friends and / or family along. Jack was reluctant to attend these social events at first, but as soon as he started going out with his ex colleagues, he felt comfortable to attend the Clubhouse events as well. He has recently made friends with a few clients of his age group, and they love to dance and sing. I have lately experienced some difficulty in getting Jack to stop dancing when it is time to go home. The nutritionist has suggested that his high energy levels may be caused by some refreshments that are served during the evening of festivities. The care givers have been advised to encourage Jack to take sugar free drinks. It seems that Jack’s progress causes him to lack the insight to appreciate the full extent of his illness. Pennington et. al. (2003) state that sometimes positive symptoms of schizophrenia distort a person’s ability to perceive his or her own condition. Jack realizes that he has missed out on fun activities, so he might be trying to make up for lost time. It is therefore difficult for him to understand the need to control his excitement levels. Although a lot of progress is made in Jack’s health one cannot quantify the success. Smith (2003) contends that “in order to measure psychological change, one must possess an instrument to do the measuring. The psychological test used must be both valid and reliable. A valid test is one that is adequately underwritten by empirical evidence and able to produce consistent results.” (p.61). It is unfortunate that care providers in Jack’s case do not always compile comprehensive reports about our shifts’ proceedings. There is no standard instrument of assessment that can produce measurable results. Reports compiled at the end of a shift may be subjective. With regards to symptoms, for example one care giver might conclude that a particular action points to worse illness while another might not think so. It is also a subjective matter whether a symptom is or not present because what one might regard as a symptom, another might not. The therapeutic modality may be effective, but if it is applied inappropriately outcomes may be unreliable. It is also disheartening that the care providers do not maintain their positions for long. During the six months that I have been taking care of Jack, three care providers have left. Jack needs stability and consistency in order to regain his sense of trust and confidence in people. I have noted that he becomes very sad when a staff member leaves. He takes it very personally, becomes moody for some time and blames himself when a care provider resigns. I have also noted that not all family members take part in discussions or attend meetings organised by the medical staff to help Jack, so there is an information gap which slows down progress. One afternoon during the Easter weekend Jack went out with his older brother who lives with the family, in the same house as Jack. They left home around 7pm and did not come home until the early hours of the next morning. They had been to a pub, and Jack argued with some people there. Jack spent the rest of the weekend in a bad mood – using foul language and banging doors. Time out did not really help. Jack later confessed to me that he was disappointed with himself, for having lost his temper and nearly ‘getting himself killed’. Had Jack’s brother attended all family therapy meetings, had he taken the time to find out what needs to be considered when Jack enjoys a night out, Jack would not have had a relapse. Care givers often feel inadequate when confronted by unreasonable family members. When one interrogates the motives behind bullying relatives or irresponsible actions like Jack brother’s, one cannot but agree with theories like Bentall’s (2003) when he asserts that there are many people who suffer from undiagnosed forms of psychoses. Who, if not a psychotic person would expose his / her paranoid brother to a pub full of night revellers? Such questions are bound to remain unanswered for some time because the approach to schizophrenia itself is in need of improvement, so that it does not just assume that there is a distinct line between what is considered mental illness and mental health. A lot of ground has been covered in the study of paranoid schizophrenia, but a lot more still has to be covered. Studies examining the diagnosis of schizophrenia are not very reliable and consistent. The fact that it was Jack who showed remorse, and not his brother after the incident at the pub proves this assertion. Assessment is also another area that needs extensive research. The anti-psychiatry movement also finds fault with the diagnostic approach to schizophrenia. Bentall (2003) explains how proponents in this field argue for their case – stating that to classify specific thoughts and behaviours as an illness allows social control of people that society finds undesirable but who have committed no crime. Jack had committed no crime, but his loss made him to behave in a manner that is not so acceptable by society. An assessment of Jack’s condition at this point in time might also pose a challenge to psychologists. One care provider who ‘gets on well’ with Jack might assess him as stable, yet another might not. The challenge continues. BIBLIOGRAPHY Bentall, P.P. (2003) Madness Explained: Psychosis and Human Nature. London: Penguin. Pinker, S. (1997) How The Mind Works. London: Penguin. Smith, D.L. (2003) Psychoanalysis in Focus. London: Sage Publications. JOURNALS: Sorensen, D.J. ; Paul, G.L. ; Mariotto, M.J. (1988) Inconsistences in paranoid functioning, premorbid adjustment and chronicity: Questions of diagnostic criteria. Schizophrenia Bulletin Vol. 25 (4) pp.570-575.
Paper length: 3-5 pages double spaced, 12 pt. font, Times New Roman (see sample paper attached for reference) Format: APA References: 8-10 are needed First paragraph: Introduce the problem/hypothesis. Provide background without details. Every sentence must have a citation. Middle paragraphs (5-7): Provide information on each primary article. What strategies/experiments utilized? What did they find? What is their conclusion? Last paragraph: How do these papers support what you are looking for (as in first paragraph)? Provide your final conclusion. Is there anything unexplained or need to be investigated more? This attached document is a sample the professor provided.

HUM 201 Harold Washington Chicago Dealing with Different Types of Loss Discussion

HUM 201 Harold Washington Chicago Dealing with Different Types of Loss Discussion.

I’m working on a humanities discussion question and need support to help me understand better.

Discuss what Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie’s short story and Elizabeth Bishop’s poem suggest about ways we deal with different forms of loss.Discuss what you think is an important passage from each one (by properly quoting it and elaborating on its significance), and share your analysis of those passages and the relationship of each to the overall text, as well as questions you still have about either text. Are there any interesting parallels or points of contrast between them? (write 300-500 words)
HUM 201 Harold Washington Chicago Dealing with Different Types of Loss Discussion

Womanhood and sports and leisure in Canada Essay

i need help writing an essay Thesis Statement In the past, the participation of Canadian women in sports and leisure activities was limited and restricted to pursuits that were considered to be genteel and soft. This situation changed gradually beginning with the participation of women in the Olympics and culminating in the participation of women in practically all sports and leisure activities. This paper seeks to conclusively establish the changing concept of womanhood and its effect on women experience and participation in sports and leisure activities in Canada early years that were marked by repressive attitudes towards women which resulted less participation of women in sports. Conversely, the later years that were marked by progressive attitudes towards women are associated with greater participation of women in sports and leisure activities today. The changing concept of womanhood and its effect on the experience of sports and leisure for Canadian women. The changing concept of womanhood has had a significant effect on the experience of sports and leisure for Canadian women. In the past, participation in sports, and especially team sports by Canadian women was virtually unheard of. Canada still maintained the Victorian ideology of a woman as a creature of delicacy. The pursuit o sports and leisure activities was limited by this ideology (Burt, 1995). This viewpoint changed gradually over the years to 1928 and history was made when the Olympic Games allowed women to compete for the first time since the inception of the games. Despite controversy surrounding the decision, Canada fielded a strong team of female athletes; one notable member of the team was Ethel Cartherwood, an Ontario born high-jumper who won the gold medal in the event. Another notable Canadian sportswoman who participated in this inaugural Olympics for female athletes was Fanny Rosenfeld, who won both the silver and gold medal for the country and was declared the country’s female athlete of the half century. Ethel Cartherwood and Fanny Rosenfeld were both inducted into the sport’s hall of fame. (Prentice, 1996) The participation of Canadian women in the Olympics was an expression of the shifting perception of women not only in sports but in the society as a whole. In the ensuing years, there were a number of changes that affected women in relation to sports and leisure in Canada. Advancements in the empowerment of women translated into women venturing into sports and leisure activities that were hitherto considered the preserve of men. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Canadian women embraced leisure activities such as hiking, rowing, kayaking, mountain climbing, white water rafting and swimming. The women pursued these activities with skill that equaled or sometimes even surpassed that of their male counterparts, for instance, in 1954, Marilyn Bell became the first person, male or female, to swim across Lake Ontario (Prentice, 1996). The 1960s witnessed the birth of feminism. This ideology objected to the veneration of masculinity that was a hallmark of sports and leisure activities in Canada at the time. There was growing awareness by women that they could compete in sports just as well as men could. This realization witnessed more and more women joining competitive sports such as baseball, ice hockey and basket ball. (Prentice, 1996) Golf, traditionally considered a male pursuit was also widely adopted by Canadian women and in 1968, Sandra Post, a professional golf player became the first woman to win a tournament in America. (Hall, 2002) The decades that followed were marked by official government recognition of women in sports. In 1980, the Canadian Association for the Advancement of Women and Sport and Physical Activity (CAAWS) was founded. (Tomlinson, 1997) This organization has done a lot for the advancement of women in sports. In the same year, Abby Hoffman was elected to the Canadian Olympic Association executive and thereafter became the director of Canada’s governing sports body (Kidd, 1994). In Canada, in the years that followed the 1980s were marked by radically different attitudes towards women. The feminist movement had, to some extent, achieved its aim of ensuring gender equality. This implied that Canadian women now participated in all sports and leisure activities, for instance, professional ice hockey, boxing, and martial arts and so on. In summation, the experience of sports and leisure for women in Canada has been directly affected by the changing concept of womanhood. We will write a custom Essay on Womanhood and sports and leisure in Canada specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More References Burt, S. D.

Now that you have identified the revenue-related internal control that relates to the five assertions (existence, completeness, accuracy or Essay

Now that you have identified the revenue-related internal control that relates to the five assertions (existence, completeness, accuracy or Essay. Now that you have identified the revenue-related internal control that relates to the five assertions (existence, completeness, accuracy or valuation, rights and obligations, and presentation and disclosure), the test of controls will need to be identified for each assertion and internal control. For this assignment, you will write and submit 400–500 words that set specific tests of internal controls for the 5 internal controls related to management assertions that you identified for the Unit 4 IP.Now that you have identified the revenue-related internal control that relates to the five assertions (existence, completeness, accuracy or Essay

Discussion post, Security

Discussion post, Security. Can you help me understand this Social Science question?

This week we have focused on better understand security and security regimes within the global political order. Many argue that security has been a dominant framework in world politics since 9/11 leading to a fundamental reworking in our systems of development, global governance, and emergency support and response. As you write your responses, step back and consider the place of security in our contemporary world:
Please answer all the questions in your discussion post. It would be great if you can answer them together in one mini-essay rather than as series of answers (1, followed by answer 1, etc). Instead read the questions and then write a post that answers them coherently.
After a day or as soon as its posted before Sunday mid night, will need to respond to two other posting. 100 words each so a total of 200 in responses to two other students. Total of 850- 950 words, reference not included in the word counting. I will upload the required pdfs
1.What is security? What is it important for global governance? What role does it play in development in your opinion?
2.What is the relationship between individual safety and security, national security, and international peace?
3.How does the article you chose help us better see the connections between security, governance, and development?
4.Summarize the article, not from abstract but the whole reading. “The Cartographic Ambiguities of HarassMap: Crowdmapping Security and Sexual Violence in Egypt.” Security Dialogue, 46(4); 345-364.
Read the following articles, and watch the documentary below.
Brown, Chris, and Kirsten Ainley. Understanding International Relations, Palgrave Macmillan, 2009. Chapter 5. “Power and Security”
Amar, Paul. (2013). “Introduction: The Archipelago of New Security-State Uprisings.” In The Security Archipelago: Human-Security States, Sexuality Politics, and the End of Neoliberalism.” Durham: Duke University Press.
Gonzales, Alfonso. (2016). “Neoliberalism, the Homeland Security State, and the Authoritarian Turn.” Latino Studies, 14(1): 80-98.
Grove, Nicole. (2015). “The Cartographic Ambiguities of HarassMap: Crowdmapping Security and Sexual Violence in Egypt.” Security Dialogue, 46(4); 345-364.
The Immigration Paradox
Video 1 of playlist “The Immigration Paradox – Diverse Stories Reveal Root Causes of Mass Migration”
Discussion post, Security