PSY 650 AU Integrating Theoretical Orientations ADHD Case Analysis.
Case Analysis – Integrating Theoretical OrientationsPrior to beginning this assignment, read the PSY650 Week Two Treatment Plan , Case 16: Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Gorenstein and Comer (2014), and Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorders in Hamblin and Gross (2012).Assess the evidence-based practices implemented in this case study by addressing the following issues:Explain the connection between each theoretical orientation used by Dr. Remoc and the four interventions utilized in the case.Consider Dr. Remoc’s utilization of two theoretical frameworks to guide her treatment plan. Assess the efficacy of integrating two orientations based on the information presented in the case study. Describe some potential problems with prescribing medication as the only treatment option for children with ADHD.Identify tasks and positive reinforcements that might be included in Billy’s token economy chart given the behavior issues described in the case. (There are articles in the recommended resources that may assist you in this portion of the assignment.)Evaluate the effectiveness of the four treatment interventions implemented by Dr. Remoc and support your statements with information from the case and two to three peer-reviewed articles from the Ashford University Library.Recommend three additional treatment interventions that would be appropriate in this case. Use information from the Hamblin and Gross “Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorders” chapter to help support your recommendations. Justify your selections with information from the case.The Case AnalysisMust be 4 to 5 double-spaced pages in length (not including title and references pages) and formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center (Links to an external site.).Must include a separate title page with the following:Title of paperStudent’s nameCourse name and numberInstructor’s nameDate submittedMust use at least two peer-reviewed sources from the Ashford University Library.Must document all sources in APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center. (Links to an external site.)Must include a separate references page that is formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.Carefully review the Grading Rubric (Links to an external site.) for the criteria that will be used to evaluate your assignment.
This report will carry out an analysis of General Motors with reference to its currentstrategy. In order to do so the author will use a series of frameworks in the report. Porter’s five force theory and PEST analysis will be used to conduct an external analysis while the financial position, culture and structure will be used to conduct an internal analysis. In the latter part of the report a SWOT analysis will be conducted to assess the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats faced by GM.This report will also analyse the possible choices of strategies GM had and will look into the implementation issues GM would face following its decision to withdraw from the European market and the subsequent reversal of that decision. Background of General Motors General Motors was founded in 1908 as a holding company of Buick, and was controlled by William Durant.He then purchased Cadillac, Oldsmobile and several other companies in 1909. Having lost control over GM in 1910 he then went on to start Chevrolet, through which he secretly gained control over GM once again, only to lose it shortly after. GM went on to become very successful during the post war era, and continued to dominate the automobile industry. For most of the 20th century it held the title of the largest automaker, until it was recently surpassed by Toyota (company info). Task A Q1 Internal Analysis Structure General Motors operates a multi-divisional structure. This model consists of independent divisions, each representing a separate profit centre.In the case of GM, these divisions consist of different automakers such as Cadillac, Chevrolet, Pontiac, Buick etc. Each automaker is operated separately and has its own hierarchy.In simpler terms each of these brands are semi-independent products whose corporate strategy is overseen by the headquarters.The competition between these divisions and the lack of centralization has proved to be very costly to GM over the years (Michelle Powers 2009). Organizational Culture General Motors operates a strict bureaucratic culture(New York Times). The topmanagement makes all the decisions with little involvement from the lower levelemployees. This would have lead to the dissatisfaction ofemployees (Schein E.1997) Also it can be seen that GM lifers dominate the top management. Out of 12 executives 9 of them have been with organization for more than 20 years (GM culture). GM’s employees cover almost 6 continents, 192 countries and 23 timezones. Therefore as of recently GM had made it a priority to build a culture and business environment based on the inclusion, mutual respect, responsibility and understanding of their employees. To initiate this mission GM has introduced a company-wide programme called ³I am GM´, which would highlight the value of each employee (GM website). Core competence Innovation is without a doubta core competence of General Motors. GM has beenusing innovation in service and technology since as early as 1 908. In 1911 it cameup with a self starter engine which revolutionized the automotive industry. In 1996 GM introduced a satellite system called OnStar,which could track vehicles ifstolen. It also enables users to communicate with OnStar personnel. It n ow has over2.5 million subscribers. GM has also come up with night visionon Cadillac’s five years ago and it has a high demand even today. As of recently GM is investing on more eco-friendly vehicles such as the ChevroletCruze, and hybrid vehicles such as ChevroletVolt. GM is also looking at pioneeringfuel efficient vehicles (GM core competence). Financial position By analysing the financial statements of GM (appendix 2) it can be seen that the revenue of GM has been decreasing since 2006.Also the net loss before tax has increased by a significant amountas well. The profit margin has also been decreasing since the last couple of years. GM seems to have a very high gearing. Liabilities were amounting nearly twice the amount of shareholders funds. The total assets of GM also shows a huge decrease.The assets have decreased by almost one third the amount in the previous year. GM was performing well in the stock market in the previous decade until the early 2000’s when the American government increased the interest rate, causing a blow to the share prices. The September 11, 2001 attack on the World Trade Centre also contributed to this decrease in share price,which has been on a decline since then for the past 7 years. External analysis PEST analysis Political The economic downturn has caused governments to increase regulations and tighter policies. Most of these regulations are the result of increasing concerns for the environment and safety standards. Also the US Government recently bailed out General Motors by purchasing a 60% stake. Although the Government will not take any part in the management,GM would still have to report back to its largest shareholder. Economic Due to the recent economic recession the value of money has decreased, consequently reducing the spending power of consumers. Therefore a decrease in demand for high value productssuch as vehicles can be seen. Also due to the credit crisis the American financial system was frozen (CNN), resulting in banks freezing all money lending facilities regardless of the credit ratings. Therefore potential customers will find it hard to get loans to purchase vehicles. Socio-cultural The modern society judges peopleby the vehicle they drive. Driving an expensive new car is an indication of wealthand social status. Therefore manufacturers tend to make use of this social perception and take advantage by catering and marketing to different social classes or different income level groups. Also, since recently more consumers are concerned about the environment and the concept ³going green´. This has paved way to a new emerging market, where manufacturers concentrate on producing environmental friendly vehicles such as hybrid vehicles. Technological The introduction of internet has affected the industry in a positive way. More consumers prefer looking for vehicles over the internet before purcha sing. Also the internet proves to be a very effective marketing scheme. A sharp increase in demand for hybrid vehicles can be seen. These technologicallyadvanced vehicles which run on electricity of other forms of eco-friendly gases arepreferred by more consumers. SWOT Analysis In order to assess the strengths, weaknesses, threats and opportunities GM faces a SWOT analysis has been conducted. ³A SWOT analysis summarises the key issues from the business environment and the strategic capability…´(text book page 102). Strengths Although GM has lost most of its market share recently, it remains to be one of their main strengths. They are still very competitive with about 20% market share in the USA. Also GM has a growing market in China, making it the second biggest automaker in China (NY times). The OnStar satellite technology which comes standard in all GM vehicles is anotheradvantage GM has. This technology enables easy trackingof the vehicle in case it isstolen. In production GM has economies of scale, making it possible to produce at a lowe rcost than competitors. Their global network of suppliers is an other added advantageover their competitors. Weaknesses The bureaucratic organizational structure is GM’s main weakness. The structure isvertically integrated causing lack of communication and slow feedback between thetop management and employees. GM has always been a step behind competitors when it comes to alternative fuel vehicles. With the trend now moving towards hybrid and eco -friendly vehicles, GM is yet to come up with a competitive vehicle. Furthermore in a time of high oil prices most consumers prefer Japanese and Korean fuel efficient vehicles to GM’s gas guzzling trucks and SUV’s. Also the constant labour union problems and high healthcare expenditure proves to be another weaknessof GM (healthcare). http://htmlimg2.scribdassets.com/7samsapybkni54d/images/8-011c4aaf23/000.pnghttp://htmlimg2.scribdassets.com/7samsapybkni54d/images/8-011c4aaf23/000.png Opportunities As mentioned earlier, there is an increased demand for low cost, fuel efficient vehicles which are eco-friendly. This creates an opportunity for GM to enter a new and growing segment ofthe market. GM has already made plans to unveil its first hybrid vehicle, Chevy Volt, and have unveiled the US version of the fuel efficient sedan, the 2011 Chevrolet Cruze (GM website). Recently GM was able to increase their market share in China, enabling them tobecome the second biggest automaker (NY times).This shows the potential forinvesting in growing markets. At present, many potential consumers are more interested in the attra ctiveness and features on the vehicle. This taste in vehicles tends to change very frequently. By knowing what consumers want and producing accordingly, GMhas a chance of regaining most of its lost glory. Threats A major threat facing GM is the rising fuel prices. Since most of GM’s vehicles are not fuel efficient, they tend to lose demand at times like these.The increasing healthcare expenditure can also be categorized as a threat. GM is responsible for providing healthcare insurance for more people than any other company in the USA. Therefore this raising expense is a burden to compete with other rivals (Washington Post). The past decade saw Toyota claim the title of the largest automaker overtaking GM. This growth of competitors is also a major threat to GM. They also face stiff competition from Ford, and other Japanese and Korean companies http://htmlimg3.scribdassets.com/7samsapybkni54d/images/10-5d5d109cbe/000.pnghttp://htmlimg3.scribdassets.com/7samsapybkni54d/images/10-5d5d109cbe/000.pnghttp://htmlimg3.scribdassets.com/7samsapybkni54d/images/10-5d5d109cbe/000.png Q3 General Motors had a number of options to choose from to rebuildits lost glory. In order to evaluate the potentially suitable options that were available , the Ansoff Matrix framework can be used ( Richard lynch). The Ansoff Matrix (Appendix 3) examines the several options that were available to General Motors. MarketPenetration One of the potentially available choices as identified by the Ansoff Matrix is the market penetration strategy. This involves increasing the existing market share in the current market to achieve higher growth (Phil stone- eBook). GM would be able to attract more customers by making improvements in existing vehicles and selling at competitive prices. Further enhancements on vehicles such as fuel efficient engines, and the latest in satellite navigation technology would be highly indemand by potential customers. Furthermore GM could use this strategy to retain existing customers as it is much cheaper. As mentioned by Lynch R. (2003) companies like Toyota and BMW make great efforts to retain existing customers when they change cars. This strategy also considers Withdrawal in order to downsize the company thereby increasing the competitive advantage. This was the option GM has chosen.GM has recently announced plans to phase out the Pontiac brand by the end of 2010. The decision of eliminating the Pontiac brand was made so that GM will be able to concentrate better on its main brands Chevrolet, Cadillac, Buick and GMC (market penetration).GM has also unveiled plans of more job cuts by the end of 2014 proving their intention of downsizing further. Market development Another option as identified in the Ansoff Matrix is the Market development strategy.This strategy considers marketing existing products into new markets (Phil Stone).This has proved to be a successful strategy in the past. GM had invested in China afew years back, and it is now the second largest automaker in China. This shows thepotential of investing in a new market (opportunity China). This strategy also involves re-evaluating the market, and positioning themselves better. The approach GM is following at the moment seems to be failing miserably. The target market has changed its attitude towards GM recently. They no longer look at GM as a manufacturer of Traditional American vehicles. Therefore it is essential that GM select a specific target audience to whom they could cater to more effectively. For example GM might want to target the senior population , who still look for that traditional look in a vehiclefor their vintage muscle vehicles, and the young generation for the more attractive sports vehicles. http://htmlimg3.scribdassets.com/7samsapybkni54d/images/11-7f19a761f9/000.pnghttp://htmlimg3.scribdassets.com/7samsapybkni54d/images/11-7f19a761f9/000.pnghttp://htmlimg3.scribdassets.com/7samsapybkni54d/images/11-7f19a761f9/000.png Product Development Product development is another possible option identified in the Ansoff Matrix. This strategy considers significant new product developmentin an existing market (Phil stone). This is a fairly suitable option for GM to regain its lost glory if they could come up with a new product. Since the majority of potential customers are more interested in hybrid and other eco-friendly vehicles, quite a lot of vehicle manufacturing giants have invested heavily in the production of alternative fuel vehicles.This would ideally set the stage for GM to manufacture a hybrid model and capture the market before competitors. This strategy would also enable GM to consider other needs of potential customers and come up with a completely unique product that would stand out from competitors. This is exactly what GM would want in a position they are in now, a product that would be more appealing than other competito rs. Diversification The final choice of available options the Ansoff Matrix identifies is Diversification. This involves moving away from the current products and markets, and entering new areas. This would involve a higher degree of risk, but if done p roperly, would generate higher benefits (lynch) Under this strategy GM would have two choices. Either move into related markets, or into unrelated markets. By moving into related markets, GM would be manufacturing products which is related to vehicles. Possible goods and services GM could diversify into are forward integrated, such as distribution and transport. By eliminating the middlemen in between distributing and selling, GM might be able to increase their already thin profit margins. GM could also div ersify into unrelated markets where there is no relation with the core business. GM currently operates an effective financial service providing loan facilities to customers. GM could also make partnerships with other companies outside the automobileindustry in a similar way to Italian automobile maker Lamborghini who made a deal with computer giants ASUS to design laptops (lambo laptops). Recommendation Out of the above strategies the mostsuitable, feasible and acceptable would be product development. This is because, as mentioned earlier GM has an opportunity to come up with a hybrid vehicle before competitors. Since GM has the necessary technological capacity to make that happen, it is only logical to go for it. http://htmlimg3.scribdassets.com/7samsapybkni54d/images/12-6b87cc310c/000.jpg Q4 General Motors are likely to come across several implementation issues following its decision to withdraw from its European operations and the subsequent reversal of that decision. The Mandelow Matrixcan be used to identify some of these issues relating to GM’s key stakeholders. The Mendelow Matrix, also known as the Power/ Interest matrix (appendix 3) classifies stakeholders in relation to the power they hold, and the level of interest they would show in supporting or opposing a particular decision (text book, 6th edition). GM would probably not encounter any serious issues from stakeholders in segments A, B and C as shown in Appendix 3. The only segment GM wouldwant to pay close attention to is segment D, to which the most powerful stakeholders such asthe Labour Union, Governments, and Equity holders belong to. A major issue that GM faces during the implementationis the strict opposition by the United States government and the General Motors workers on the decision to sell off its European operationsto Magna. The reason for this opposition is because the partner of Magna is a Russian auto manufacturer, and selling an American icon such as GM to a Russian controlling party is not something the stakeholders would want to see happen.Therefore key Stakeholders in the likes of the US government and GM employees have made their intentions clear by not supporting this decision (issue 2). One of the main implementation issues GM has come across following their decision to re-structure the German subsidiary Opel themselves rather than selling it off, is the stiff opposition from the German politicians, employee unions and German citizens. The German government actually backed GM in their bid to sell off Opel, and now this sudden turn in events has angered many German key stakeholders. A majority of Opel workers were seen protesting against this decision by GM in Ruesselsheim, Germany, the future home of GM Europe. This anger towards GM is mainly due to the inevitable layoffs when downsizing Opel. This is a ma jor issue, and if GM is to be successful once again, this matter will have to be sorted out very soon in the near future (issue 1). Another key implementation issue that GM has to deal withbecause of their decision to sell off their European arm Opel, andthe reversal of that decision is the problems caused by trade unions. GM was already facing enough problems from the Unions, due to their plans of re-structuring, predicting inevitable job losses. It is purely because of this that German government has pledged billions of euros to Magna in return for protecting the jobs at Opel factories. The reversal of this decision has only managed to fuel the anger of the labour Unions further. It is estimated that the factories in Europe run at a 30% over capacity, an d therefore job cuts will be inevitable. Labour Unionshave already given warnings about labour strikes in the future if a reasonable conclusion is not drawn. Therefore GM will have to come up with a solution in the near future, or else their success in Eu rope will be in jeopardy (issue 3).
Satan’s Speech to Eve. Satan’s persuasive speech begins with ethos, using lengthy attempts to seduce Eve by demonstrating his probity as one who has experienced the magnificence of the forbidden fruit. He commences by using an apostrophe, addressing the tree directly to magnify and animate its powers as the “mother of science” (680). This address is combined with a tricolon of “O sacred, wise and wisdom-giving plant” (687) to foreground the tree’s immense power. Further, the sibilance of “discern/things in their causes, but to trace the ways of highest agents” denotes a tone of solemn reverence which hints that the tree is worthy of admiration and respect. Appealing to Eve through flattery, in addressing her as “Queen of this universe” (684), is highly manipulative, and forms an exclamatio, an element of pathos, as his elocutio conveys a false sense of heightened emotion. Satan follows this with a series of rhetorical questions, or erotesis: “how should ye? By the fruit?… By the Threat’ner?” (686-7). As readers, we can glimpse Milton’s irony in this statement: it is the serpent, not God, who is clearly the “threat’ner” (687). But for the gullible Eve, this erotesis strengthens Satan’s confutatio, discrediting his opponent’s arguments, and eliminating the reasons why she should not follow God’s rule. In an example of anthypophora, these questions are answered by Satan to demonstrate his own probity of having eaten the fruit and benefitted, rather than suffering. Satan’s righteousness is emphasised by his anadiplosis, in “look on me, me who have touched and tasted” (687-89), as repeating ‘me’ enforces Satan’s potency. Further, the alliteration in “touched and tasted” (688) provides an alluring sensory image to Eve, tempting her to experience the same sensory enlightenment. Using hysteron proteron in “life more perfect have attained than Fate meant me” (689-90), Satan claims a sense of ethos by emphasising the “perfect” satisfaction that tasting the fruit has brought him. The vigilant reader can see that Milton is being highly ironic, as we have previously seen Satan, destined to be one of God’s angels, cast out of heaven for his misdemeanours. The orator proceeds to a phase of pathos, appealing to Eve’s emotions and urging her to see that she must eat the fruit so that she can gain her desired knowledge. He starts this argument oxymoronically with the phrase “petty trespass” (694) in attempt to make the sin seem less significant, yet paradoxically praises Eve’s “dauntless virtue” (694), inflating her ego with a false sense of noble courage. This further hints at Milton’s irony, as Satan’s flattery actually makes little logical sense. Further, the repetition and alliteration of “death denounced, whatever thing death be, deterred not…” seems to lessen the importance of death, obscuring its meaning and persuading Eve with false arguments. This continues in Satan’s use of aporia and anthypophora, as he initially feigns doubt as to the justice of God in “Of good, how just?”, then proceeds to tell Eve that evil is “easier shunned” when it can be known, and thus urges her to see that she must eat the fruit. This is more irony from Milton, as it is clear that Eve should be able to see, without eating the fruit, that Satan’s speech is the true evil. Satan then proceeds to repeat ‘not’ in “not just, not God; not feared then” which works to remove Eve’s emotions of fear that God would harshly punish her. This is followed by epanalepsis in “your fear itself of death removes the fear”, creating circularity in Satan’s speech to reinforce the notion of Eve’s unnecessary fear and spurring her to cast aside such doubts. Satan emphasises this using anaphora, repeating “why” in a tricolon of clauses, “why then was this forbid? Why but to awe, why but to keep to low and ignorant?”. This entices Eve to question God’s command, amplifying her sense of injustice to encourage her to reject God. This is cemented with the antithesis between “dim” and “opened and cleared”, which inspires Eve to eat the fruit to gain such visionary clarity and progress from her current state of ignorance. Using epanalepsis, the serpent’s pathos is finalised by emphasising the prospect of future knowledge, as he falsely claims Eve may soon be “knowing both good and evil as [the Gods] know”. This is enforced by persuading Eve that she may be “as Gods”, positioning her to have a false sense of the fruit’s power. The reader may see this as blasphemous and impossible, as Satan suggests Eve could become akin to the all-powerful Gods, yet the orator has successfully seduced Eve’s emotional state. Finally, Satan’s argument shifts to one of logos, as he explains to Eve why she should reach beyond her current status and tries to reason that her fears are unjustified. Using polyptoton in “ye shall die… death to be wished” (713-714), Satan changes transforms death into something inviting by changing its verbal form. Indeed, hysteron proteron in “which no worse than this can bring” (715) foregrounds Satan’s faulty logic that nothing bad may come from Eve tasting the fruit. He employs erotesis, “what are gods that man may not become as they, participating god-like food?”, to hint at the unfairness that humans are not able to reach the same elevated status as the angels. This disrespect for the angels and God should reveal to Eve that Satan’s argument is duplicitous, especially as Satan mockingly answers his own question with “the gods are first”. He even further tries to dismantle Eve’s respect for God by derisively adding “I question it” (720). The final part of Satan’s rhetoric relies significantly on four successive rhetorical questions, as he tries to derail God’s dominance of Eve’s logic. These questions use heavy enjambment, coupled with alliteration, especially in lines 724 to 726: “whose eats thereof, forthwith attains wisdom without their leave? And wherein lies th’ offence, that man should thus attain to know?”. This has an overwhelming effect and creates a fast, forward-moving rhythm in Satan’s speech, working to spur Eve into eating the fruit. Successively repeating the device of erotesis also denies Eve the opportunity of considering Satan’s argument with logical vigilance, thus encouraging her to act impulsively. The questions prompt Eve to see that there are vast gaps in her knowledge which will only be answered upon eating the fruit; this is revealed in Satan’s conclusio, as he openly instructs her that “these and many more causes import your need of this fair fruit” (730-731). The orator finishes with short asyndeton and flattery: “Goddess human, reach then, and freely taste” (732). This tempts Eve by simplifying a monumental disobedience into an easy action of merely reaching and tasting. As a final attempt of manipulation, it is an illogical paradox that Eve may “freely taste”, as she is stuck between being governed by God’s commands, or being ruled by Satan’s deception (732). In Pope’s The Rape of the Lock, Ariel’s speech uses rhetoric far less successively to persuade Belinda to avoid the charms of men. Unlike Satan, he does not follow a clear structure of rhetorical strategy and does not create a strong logical argument to sway Belinda’s natural position. However, the orator similarly begins his speech with flattery, claiming Belinda to be the “fairest of Mortals” (27), appealing to her vanity to inspire engagement, just as Satan did in Paradise Lost. This line also employs enjambment, breaking the usual rhythm of the end-stopped lines, which creates a sense that Ariel is overcome with emotion and praise of Belinda. Similarly, by referring to Belinda as “thou” and “thy”, Ariel addresses her almost as a deity, suggesting she is to be revered. Yet in his exordium, he uses parason in “all the nurse and all the Priest have taught” to equate their positions, which perhaps makes his argument less successful, as it seems he relies on fairy stories of “airy Elves” and “Angel-Pow’rs” as his confirmatio, rather than presenting a logical argument as Satan does. Like Satan, however, his exclamation of “hear and believe! Thy own importance know” implores Belinda to realise her own prowess, and foregrounds the significance of knowledge. Similarly, the use of sibilance as Ariel hints that there are “some secret Truths from Learned Pride conceal’d” works to entice Belinda by suggesting that this wisdom is only revealed to those as special as she. While Satan appeals to Eve through techniques of pathos, logos and ethos, the body of Ariel’s argument, including its narratio, divisio and conclusio, is comparatively poorly grounded. Ariel focuses on describing the supernatural elements of The Rape of the Lock, yet in doing so his rhetoric seems to discredit his own argument: while he describes the sylphs with elevated terms as “light Militia of the lower Sky” (42), his words suggest that they are just as shallow as the women on earth. Repetition of “vanities” in the lines “when Woman’s transient Breath is fled, that all her Vanities at once are dead: succeeding Vanities she still regards” (51-53) hints that the sylphs are equally trivial. This is further evoked in the parallelism of “when alive… after Death survive” (54-55). Indeed, Ariel’s frivolous tone in the anaphora of “what Sexes and what Shapes they please”, along with the alliteration of “melting maids… Midnight Masquerades”, typifies the jovial freedom the sylphs enjoy. This is a contrast to Satan’s conformatio, which uses erotesis and forms of repetition to distort Eve’s logic and emotions. Ariel’s rhetorical questions, especially in his conclusio when saying “when Florio speaks, what Virgin could withstand, if gentle Damon did not squeeze her Hand?”, seem to convey his approval for Belinda’s misguided actions. It is as if, as a sylph, he understands feminine whims, and makes excuses for her foolish behaviour rather than trying to persuade Belinda to avoid male seduction. His flippant tone in the alliteration of “varying Vanities” and metaphor of “moving Toyshop of their Heart” suggest imprudent actions are merely expected of a young woman. This air of mockery is extremely different to Satan’s seductive argument and makes it difficult to take Ariel’s words seriously. Thus, while Satan uses ethos to claim his probity, Ariel’s use of hysteron proteron to elevate his status in the lines “Of these am I, who thy Protection claim, A watchful Sprite, and Ariel is my name,” actually has the opposite effect. Further, the tricolon in Ariel’s language of “Heav’n reveals not what, or how, or where” compounds an awareness of his ignorance. Despite using the mirrored chiasmus of “Beware of all, but most beware of Man!” as a final attempt of persuasion, the ambiguity of “beware of all” simply emphasises his uncertainty. In comparison to Milton’s Satan, Ariel does not successfully use rhetorical devices and structure, making it impossible to persuade his listener. Works Cited ModernSatan’s Speech to Eve
MATH 160 Cuyamaca College Mod 16 Sample Proportion in Confidence Intervals Question.
PSY 650 AU Integrating Theoretical Orientations ADHD Case Analysis
InstructionsLearn by DoingCheck your progress. Use this activity to assess whether you can: Calculate a 95% confidence interval.Interpret a 95% confidence interval in context.Work through this activity to learn how to calculate a 95% confidence interval using the margin of error. Be sure to review the feedback to learn from your mistakes. You have three attempts. Canvas will record your highest score.Note: the last question in this activity is an essay question. The essay question is not automatically graded; your instructor will enter the points for this question later. WARNING: you will need to enter your response to the essay question with each attempt. Your instructor will only grade the essay question for your attempt with the highest total score for the remaining questions.After you complete this activity, review your answers to the automatically graded questions and use the feedback to improve your score if you did not earn full credit. You have three attempts. Canvas will record your highest score.Discussion BoardUse the Module 16 discussion board (opens in a new tab) to ask questions or provide feedback about the problems in any Module 16 activity – including this quiz.Take the Quiz AgainAttempt HistoryAttemptTimeScoreLATESTAttempt 119 minutes8 out of 10 ** Some questions not yet graded Correct answers are hidden.Score for this attempt: 8 out of 10 *Submitted Mar 19 at 10:54amThis attempt took 19 minutes.Suppose that a random sample of 100 part-time college students is 68% female. In this activity, we calculate the 95% confidence interval for the proportion of all part-time college students that are female. Recall that the 95% confidence interval is:sample proportion ±± 2(SE) where SE is the standard error (or standard deviation).Question 1 2 / 2 ptsFirst we need to find the standard error.In the previous module, we met the formula for calculating the standard deviation of the distribution of sampling proportions. = (1− ) ‾‾‾‾‾‾√SE=p(1−p)nBut we don’t know the population proportion, p. So to calculate the standard deviation (a.k.a. the standard error) we estimate the standard error with the sample proportion ̂p^. ≈ ̂(1− ̂) ‾‾‾‾‾‾√SE≈p^(1−p^)nIn this scenario we are given that that a random sample of 100 part-time college students is 68% female. So the sample proportion of females is ̂=0.68p^=0.68 and =100n=100.Calculate the standard error. Round to three decimal places.Correct. ≈ ̂(1− ̂) ‾‾‾‾‾‾√=0.68(1−0.68)100‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾√SE≈p^(1−p^)n=0.68(1−0.68)100=0.046647615…≈0.047=0.046647615…≈0.047Question 22 / 2 ptsRecall that at 95% confidence level the margin of error is calculated as follows.margin of error = 2(SE).What is the margin of error? Do not round.Correct. margin of error = 2(0.047) = 0.094 Question 32 / 2 pts95% confidence interval = sample proportion ±± margin of errorCalculate the 95% confidence interval.What is the smallest number from the confidence interval? Enter your answer as a proportion (a decimal number) NOT a percentage. Do not round.Correct. sample proportion ±± margin of error95% confidence interval = 0.68±±0.094Smallest number = 0.68 – 0.094 = 0.586Question 42 / 2 ptsWhat is the largest number in your confidence interval? Enter your answer as a proportion (decimal number) NOT a percentage. If necessary, round to three decimal places.Correct. sample proportion ±± margin of error95% confidence interval = 0.68±±0.094Largest number = 0.68 + 0.094 = 0.774Question 5Not yet graded / 2 ptsState the confidence interval. Then convert the values to percentages and interpret the confidence interval in context.0.586 < P< 0.774 58.6% to 77.4% % is a confidence and the proportion of smaller students are (females ) so the number is between 50.6% and 77.4%So I need help with question 5 (attached) I have provided the rest of the questions because the questions are related
MATH 160 Cuyamaca College Mod 16 Sample Proportion in Confidence Intervals Question
Accessing Information About Evidence-Based Practices
Accessing Information About Evidence-Based Practices. Paper details Assignment: Accessing Information About Evidence-Based Practices The first steps toward narrowing the gap between research and practice are recognizing that one exists and educating oneself and others. Social workers must realize the benefits and eliminate the misconceptions surrounding evidence-based practice. In the Bradley episode featured in the resources, the social worker combines her assessment of Tiffani Bradley’s individual situation with her knowledge of research to evaluate her supervisor’s recommended intervention. Now that the social worker has recognized a gap, she/he/they need to access potentially relevant information for a specific case and critically analyze for its applicability to that case. This week’s Assignment allows you to practice these critical next steps in the Bradley family case. To prepare for this Assignment, review Episode 4 of the Bradley family case study. Develop a list with 2–3 researchable questions that you could use to find evidence about the efficacy of 12-step programs or other treatments for substance abuse in adolescents. Then, using the resources provided, search for two evidence-based interventions that would be appropriate for Tiffani Bradley. Be sure to consider quality of research, readiness for dissemination, replications, and costs. By Day 7 Submit a 2- to 3-page paper that includes the following: Summaries of the two interventions and their respective research regarding effectiveness Recommendations for Tiffani’s social worker that address the following: Factors to consider when choosing between the two interventions The social work skills that the staff would require to implement the intervention The training required to implement each intervention An evaluation of evidenced-based practice based on your reaction to the experience, in which you address the following questions: Would you, as a beginning researcher, have enough knowledge to benefit from researching evidence-based practices? Why or why not? How might the research that you conducted increase your confidence in the intervention with Tiffani? Is the information provided enough to make a decision regarding interventions? Why or why not? Appropriate APA citations in your writing d Readings Document: Thyer, B. (2010). Introductory principles of social work research. In B. Thyer (Ed.), The handbook of social work research methods (2nd ed., pp.1–8). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE. (PDF) Copyright 2010 by Sage Publications, Inc. Reprinted by permission of Sage Publications, Inc. via the Copyright Clearance Center. Document: Cooney, S. M., Huser, C. M., Small, S.,Accessing Information About Evidence-Based Practices
Development Of The Adidas And Reebok Brands Marketing Essay
best essay writers In 2009, as part of the adidas Group’s reorganisation, responsibility for all marketing functions and the long-term development of the adidas and Reebok brands was brought under one leadership – Global Brands. Global Brands comprises three divisions: adidas Sport Performance, adidas Sport Style and Reebok. The primary objective of the new set-up is to ensure these three divisions seize market and category opportunities through well-defined and coordinated go-to-market strategies. Each division is responsible for the execution of its strategic focus by creating a constant stream of innovative and inspiring products and generating communication strategies that represent each brand and category in an engaging and compelling way with their target consumers. Global Brands to strengthen go-to-market strategies We acknowledge that to be successful with today’s consumer, a strategy of mass production or mass marketing is no longer sufficient. … We acknowledge that to be successful with today’s consumer, a strategy of mass production or mass marketing is no longer sufficient. Only by identifying and understanding consumers’ buying habits, their fitness level, their motivations for doing sport, their goals for the season or the next race, or even the next party, can we create more meaningful products, services and experiences that build a lasting impression beyond product, price and promotion. In addition, as we operate under a multi-brand strategy, it is also essential that our brands act concertedly to fully exploit market opportunities. Therefore, in 2009, the Global Brands function was formed to guide and reinforce the go-to-market strategies for the adidas Sport Performance, adidas Sport Style and Reebok divisions with a particular focus on long-term brand development. To achieve this, Global Brands defines a clear target audience and value proposition for each division, and subsequently coordinates the execution of go-to-market strategies to maximise the Group’s impact in the market. Each division is separately responsible for bringing its respective positioning to life, through the creation of products and communication tools that not only support the commercial functions in their day-to-day business activities, but also provide the platform and framework for long-term market share and profitability improvements. While adidas and Reebok each have unique identities, heritages, technologies, designs and reputations, the strategic principles and methods for driving future sales growth and profitability improvements are common to both. These include: Product innovation to inspire the consumer. Activation and validation via a relevant set of promotion partnerships. Extend brand reach and appeal through strategic partnerships. Marketing and communication leadership. Product innovation to inspire the consumer Through Global Brands, we are determined to address every consumer in a specific and unique way – with product initiatives that generate trade and consumer interest. … Through Global Brands, we are determined to address every consumer in a specific and unique way – with product initiatives that generate trade and consumer interest. We believe that technological innovation is essential to sustainable leadership in our industry. By leveraging the extensive R
BA 222 Upper Iowa University Skullcandy Rocks with ERP in Cloud Case Discussion
BA 222 Upper Iowa University Skullcandy Rocks with ERP in Cloud Case Discussion.
1. Case study- InstructionsThis weeks case study is the Opening Case: Skullcandy Rocks with ERP in the CloudInstructions:You will complete a chapter case study each week to apply the chapters readings. Each case study contains questions at the end of each case, respond to these questions in a 1-2 page paper. Be sure to reference and apply the APA writing style to your paper. Your paper should include 1-2 pages NOT including the cover and reference pages. Your paper should include at least 2 references, 1 being your course text.2.discussion -Must post first.Each week you will complete a 50 word discussion assignment. Your discussion post for this week should include your opinion on this weeks case study and at least 1 question for your fellow classmates to respond to. Respond to at least 1 question from another student OR respond to another student’s response to your question.
BA 222 Upper Iowa University Skullcandy Rocks with ERP in Cloud Case Discussion
Expand on or connect to previous paper which is ISSUES AND CONTROVERSIES ABOUT HEALTHCARE . But you should do one of the following: Write on a related topic; Zero in on a narrower topic: add historic background, add more facts; add another argument. This paper will also be argumentative.make sure you use at least two of these strategies for argument:Fact/figure/data/stats, Emotion/passion, Case study/personal story, Logic & reasoning, Authority/history, Moral/ethical argumentCriteria;idea makes sense, coming from previous writingQuotes/paraphrase/use of source are good and appropriateAppropriate and useful bibliographywriting is clear, without mistakes that distract the readerflow/organisation/thesis/paragraphing are goodArgument demonstrate skill with at least two argumentative techniquesMLA used correctly overall excellence