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PS 406 UM Predictions of Student Behavior Based on Statistical Models Essay

PS 406 UM Predictions of Student Behavior Based on Statistical Models Essay.

I’m working on a statistics test / quiz prep and need a sample draft to help me study.

*REQUIRES JASP SOFTWARE**DATA SET AVAILABLE IN DOCUMENT.*The Critical Assignment for Experimental Psychology is designed to demonstrate a student’s knowledge and skill in designing an experiment, collecting data, analyzing data, and writing a complete APA Empirical Paper complete with:AbstractIntroduction (cite peer-reviewed references)Method section complete with:o Participantso Materialso ProcedureResultsDiscussionReferencesAnalysis from JASPUsing the JASP Software you must perform the following analysis:o One Relational Analysis (e.g., Correlation or Regression analysis)o Two Parametric Analysis with at least one that has an Experimental manipulation of an independent variable(e.g., t-test, One-Way ANOVA, Two-Way ANOVA, MANOVA)o One Non-Parametric Analysis (e.g., Chi Square)The order in which you complete this study should follow these 3 stages: Stage 1: Once you decide on your study you should first write your proposal. This will be the part of the paper that included the title page, lit review, purpose, hypothesis, Method section and Reference section. Stage 2: After you propose your study you will analyze the data and determine if your hypotheses are supported or not.Stage 3: For the final stage you will complete the paper by writing the Results and the Discussion section along with Tables and Figures in the Appendix.This paper should be 10-15 Pages.You must have at least 10 Peer review sources.END GOALHave a 10-page empirical paper in APA formatUse peer-reviewed literature to support their research hypothesisDemonstrate the correct sections of an APA empirical paperAnalyze data using statistical software
PS 406 UM Predictions of Student Behavior Based on Statistical Models Essay

Samsung Electronics was the first company to come out with the idea of 3D LED TV where in the LED is used as backlight and they are mounted just behind the screen. This produces clarity in picture. Samsung is the first company to come up with the world’s first touch screen remote control for the TV with a three inch color display. These incomparable features give Samsung an advantage over the others in the television industry. Samsung also boasts of the first-mover advantage. In the sense they were the first to come out with such a TV. They are also the current market leader as they have sold more than 2.5 million such TV’s in the first year and they are targeting more than 30 million customers in the year 2011. This proves that they are highly driven towards achieving a greater market share and would continue to dominate the market with their ardent marketing. They believe in capturing the wonder and excitement to the customer. They set up their launches on a tree or a floor or a street so that an ordinary mundane life of the customer gets enriched by the wat their products capture the 3D view of the objects. This excitement and hype created by their products makes for a great marketing technique. Some of the marketing techniques they have adopted include: Premium Pricing Strategy: When they first introduced the 3D LED TV, Samsung had premium pricing. This means that their price was above the industry average and this was well justified by the fact that none of the other companies offered such an innovative product along with so many sophisticated features. But recently, Samsung has been forced to slash their premium pricing to a more affordable pricing. Even with their initial premium pricing there were many takers. But now as the bargaining power of the customers has increased with the entry of Sony and LG into the market with the same model of televisions, it is imperative that they reduce the price to attract more customers. First-Mover Advantage: At present there are 3 companies that produce 3D LED TV’s including Samsung. Samsung 3D LED TV was introduced in February 2010 and LG soon followed with its TV in March 2010. Though Sony and LG have been fast followers, Samsung still has the edge over the others because of its innovative design, sophisticated features and having the first mover advantage. It may not be for so long as Sony is planning to exploit the reputation it has earned for itself as a strong quality and technology provider. This poses a threat to the position that Samsung currently enjoys. Sony has built its reputation on providing premium pricing products and when they offer normal pricing to a product which at present has premium pricing this is a definite threat to Samsung that cannot be ignored. SEGMENTATION TARGETING AND POSITONING: Samsung targets those customers who are willing to pay the premium pricing and those are highly interested in buying innovative technology. Those who would like to possess the best in technology and those who are early adopters of new technology and innovation are their main target. The current positioning of Samsung 3D LED TV series is that they are market leaders with close competition from Sony and LG. SEGMENT: Early adopters of new innovation and technology TARGET: Those willing to pay the premium pricing for new technology products and are highly involved for a rich entertainment experience. POSITION: Currently market leaders with a major market share and recently have been forced to cut prices following tough competition from other contenders like Sony and LG. This targeting and positioning might change both ways even if any of one of the following happens: If there are further innovative features offered by Samsung, they can retain the customer base and maybe even attract a few more. But if not and those features are provided by other companies, it can pose a threat to the current position. On the other hand, any reduction in the pricing might also favour Samsung. That being said, it is also important they offer the product at an industry average. Too much of a price cut might also backfire in that the quality might come under question. FINANCIAL IMPLICATIONS: Financial implications of a product are far and wide. It includes the cost involved in the making of the product until the time it reaches the customer and also the pricing strategy followed by the company. 3D LED TV is a result of state of the art innovation and research by various technologists and scientists. So obviously there is a huge scientific and technological cost involved in the making of this product. There is also the cost of supply chain where the chain starts with the suppliers, manufacturers, buyers, wholesalers, retailers and customers. The price of such a television is finalized keeping all these financial costs involved. It becomes almost necessary that a company offer such a product at premium pricing. Effect on the Company: Company incurs various costs such as the technological costs and research and development cost. Also any change in the market might have an effect on the company. If there is a new feature that is provided by other competitors, others should also try to compete on an improved level. This might further increase the manufacturing cost. A normal LED TV has around 1000-1500 light emitting diodes and even if one of them is dismounted or repaired the cost of replacing them is high. If this problem is encountered too soon, it might affect the reliability of the product both financially and sales wise. Effect on the Customers: Customers are those who are making use of this television and any change in their preferences or wants or needs might have a change in the financial aspects of the company. If the bargaining powers of customers increase due to the availability of more such 3D LED televisions, it might to lead to price reduction by all the competitors to capture a huge part of the market share. If there are many such products then the customers have more options to choose from. Another interesting aspect of the financial implication is that when the target customers need further technological innovation then it increases the technological cost incurred. There are some customers who might be willing to pay the premium pricing even though there might be other options at different pricing. This should also be taken into account when fixing the price. Production Cost: Production cost includes the cost of technological innovation and the manufacturing cost until the finished goods reach the end users; in this case the customers. The production cost might increase depending up on the various features as requested by the customers. At present 3D LED’s are available around 5000-6000 USD. Gagnon, Director of North America TV Market Research. “However, the increased level of competition among manufacturers in 2010, with LED models comprising more than 50 per cent of some lineups, will drive that average premium down to less than 70 per cent over 40-inch and as low as 17 per cent at 22-24-inch. Overall, this should push the LED-backlit LCD TV market to more than 35 million units or 20 per cent of total LCD TV shipments worldwide.” Factors Affecting the Cost: There are many factors that affect the cost. They include any technological innovation, change in customer needs, special features in competitor’s television model, any change in the patents filed by other scientists, economic growth etc.

Experiment on the Effects of Stimulants on Heart Rate

Experiment on the Effects of Stimulants on Heart Rate. Introduction Cardiac physiology and function differ between organisms, as you can imagine the physiology is more complex within developed as opposed to that of simpler ones. Fish, for example have simpler hears consisting of two chambers, no valves and have a low-pressure system. Adult amphibians such as frogs or salamander have a more complex hear consisting of three chambers The level of complexity increases as we discuss the heart of adult amphibians. The adult amphibians have three chambers in their heart. Their heart has a spongy vent that avoids the mixing of blood. Reptiles have a higher complexity. Reptile’s hearts consist of vents that are divided into sub chambers. These sub chambers keep oxygen and deoxygenated blood separated. This separation is done by pressure difference. The mammalian heart is the most complex of the structures. The mammalian heart has four chambers. The mammalian heart also circulates in series which is significant because it doesn’t allow for oxygenated blood to mix with deoxygenated. The simplest of these hearts is the Procambarus clarkii. While the complex mammalian heart has four chambers and the simple fish heart has two chambers, the P. clarkia, also known as the Crayfish, has a single chambered heart that looks like a sac. The crayfish crustacean heart is made up of muscular leaflets that layer the heart. The crustacean heart is suspended in the pericardial cavity. The crustacean heart is specifically located in the dorsal portion of the cephalothorax. The heart is located there for maximum protection. The heart has many arteries; however, the heart has no veins. The blood, which in the crayfish is known as the haemolymph, flow into the heart through an opening called the ostia. The ostia is an opening that leads the haemolymph into the ventricle. The haemolymph then goes through the ventricle and pumped into the arteries to the rest of the body. What causes the heart beat rhythm in the crayfish is the cardiac ganglion. There are different methods of manipulating the heart rate for an organism; however, the methods are dependent on what causes the heart to beat. If the heart rate is dependent on the muscle, which is called myogenic and is found in many vertebrates, then manipulation of the cardiac muscles is necessary. The crayfish, which is neurogenic, meaning that contraction of the heart is dependent on neurons, then neurotransmitters are necessary to manipulate the heart rate. Serotonin, acetylcholine, and epinephrine will be used in this experiment to manipulate the heart rate. Serotonin is a neurotransmitter that the invertebrates are familiar with because serotonin is a natural neurotransmitter in invertebrates that contracts the heart and increases the speed of the heart rate. Acetylcholine is found in to increase heart rate and contraction in invertebrates. Acetylcholine serves a different purpose in vertebrates. In vertebrates, acetylcholine decreases the heart rate. Epinephrine increases the heart rate in both invertebrates and vertebrates. Epinephrine increases the heart rate in both because epinephrine helps regulate blood pressure control and vasoconstriction (Epinephrine, n.d.). Temperature is another manipulation that we can do. A decrease in temperature would decrease the heart rate in invertebrates and an increase of temperature would increase the heart rate. We know that all the neurons will stimulate an increase in heart rate activity, however, we hypothesize that the serotonin and acetylcholine will increase the heart rate at a constant rate. We also hypothesize that epinephrine will increase the heart rate the most because of its role in the sympathetic nervous system. Materials and Methods In this experiment, there are 9 sections that will be done. The sections will be broken up to further organize the methods. All the materials, however, will be given together. The following materials are needed for the entirety of the experiment: Crayfish, Fine insulated copper wire, Matches, Foam pad, Tupperware container, Aluminum foil, 18 gram needle, Cyanoacrylate adhesive, Zip kicker cyanoacrylate accelerator, Cotton tipped applicators, Freshwater crustacean saline, Bulb thermometer, 100 ml graduated cylinder, 1 ml micropipettor, blue micropipettor tips, Impedance converter, 9 V battery, 1 mM Serotonin, 1 mM Acetylcholine, 1 mM of Epinephrine. All of these materials are necessary for the experiment. There experiment is broke up into 9 sections. These sections include preparing the Impedance converter, the Crayfish preparation, getting the baseline heart rate of the Crayfish, finding the stressed heart rate, manipulating the heart rate using Serotonin, Acetylcholine, Epinephrine, and Temperature, and lastly, collecting the data. Impedance Converter For the Impedance Converter, there are controls that are necessary to know. Those controls include the following, On-Off-Test, Balance, AC-Long/Short, Size, Input, Calib. On-Off-Test turns the instrument on or off and tests the quality of the batter. Balance adjusts the Impedance Converter oscillator by a precise 10-turn potentiometer. For proper operation the needle must hover around the zero. Adjust the instrument to zero to accommodate any major change in impedance. AC-Long provides a coupling constant of 1 second. This means that all signals with frequencies longer than 1 second are cut off. AC-Short provides a coupling constant of 0.1 seconds. AC-Short cuts off all signal frequencies longer than 0.1 seconds. Size is a knob that adjusts amplitude of the signal. Input is our source impedance (i.e. Crayfish) connected by electrodes plus the wires to the green binding posts on the back of the instrument. Lastly, the Calib is a switch connected to a 0.25 ohm resistor. Depressing this switch shorts out the resistor which changes the 0.25 ohm. Normal physiological impedance changes range from 0.2 ohm (cardiograph) to 5 ohm (respiration.) For use, connect the output of the Impedance Converter to a recording device. Then attach the electrode cables to the green input binding post. Next, place the electrodes on either side of the biological structure of which you are measuring impedance. Try to make them as secure as possible without harming your subject. Lastly, adjust the balance to hover around zero and begin recording data. Crayfish Preparation To prepare the Crayfish, cut 2 lengths of wire about 12 inches. You may use a ruler to measure the 12 inches. Use a match to burn 2-3 mm of insulation off of one end of the wires. Burn 1 cm of insulation off the other end. Keep track of which end is which for both of the wires. Using the foam pad, secure a Crayfish. Using an 18 g needle, drill 2 small holes just through the carapace of the cephalothorax. When you drill the hole, a small drop of hemolymph will appear. Stop when you see the hemolymph. Using the wires, put the 2-3 mm stripped end into one of the holes. The wire does not have to be deep into the hole. Hold the wire in place and add a small drop of cyanoacrylate adhesive over the hole. Apply a small amount of the Zip kicker. The wire should secure. Repeat this step with the second wire and hole. Then, place the animal in a Tupperware container and add 100 ml of freshwater crustacean saline. Record the temperature of the saline. Next, hook the 1 cm stripped ends of the wires into the input posts on the back of the impedance converter. Once this is done, begin the LabTutor module called “Crayfish Heart Rate.” Baseline Heart Rate To get the baseline heart rate begin by covering the top of the container with foil. Allow the Crayfish to sit quietly for 10 minutes. After you wait 10 minutes, click Start and examine the trace. Adjust the electrode connection to the impedance converter if the recording is not fine. If the recording continues with bad recording, get a new Crayfish. Record the heart rate for 5 to 10 minutes. Make sure the heart rate is steady. After the 5 to 10 minutes, click Stop and annotate the start and end of the baseline heart rate trace. Stressed Heart Rate Uncover the container and Start the trace. Examine the trace and make sure the heart is being recorded. Once this is done, record the heart rate for 5 to 10 minutes. After the five to ten minutes, click Stop and annotate the start and end of the stressed heart rate trace. Serotonin Now, obtain the stock solution of 1 mM Serotonin from the refrigerator. Use the micropipettor with a blue tip and transfer 1 ml of solution to the container. Calculate the final concentration of the neurotransmitter in the holding water. Then, return the solution to the refrigerator. After that, allow the animal to sit with the foil cover for 5 minutes so that the neurotransmitter can equilibrate between the holding water and the animal’s hemolymph. After this wait, start the trace and record for 5 to 10 minutes. After the 5 to 10 minutes, click Stop and annotate the start and end of the serotonin heart rate trace. Replace the holding water with 100 ml of fresh Freshwater Crustacean Saline. Acetylcholine Obtain the stock solution of 1 mM Acetylcholine from the refrigerator. Using the micropipettor with a blue tip, transfer 1 ml of solution to the container. Calculate the final concentration of the neurotransmitter in the holding water. Then, return the solution to the refrigerator. Again, allow the animal to sit with the foil cover on for 5 minutes so that the neurotransmitter can equilibrate between the holding water and the animal’s hemolymph. Start the trace and record for 5 to 10 minutes. Click Stop and annotate the start and end of the acetylcholine heart rate trace. Replace the holding water with 100 ml of fresh Freshwater Crustacean Saline. Epinephrine Now, obtain the stock solution of 1 mM Epinephrine from the refrigerator. Use the micropipettor with a blue tip and transfer 1 ml of solution to the container. Calculate the final concentration of the neurotransmitter in the holding water. Then, return the solution to the refrigerator. After that, allow the animal to sit with the foil cover for 5 minutes so that the neurotransmitter can equilibrate between the holding water and the animal’s hemolymph. After this wait, start the trace and record for 5 to 10 minutes. After the 5 to 10 minutes, click Stop and annotate the start and end of the epinephrine heart rate trace. Replace the holding water with 100 ml of fresh Freshwater Crustacean Saline. Temperature Obtain a white bucket that is 2/3 full of ice. Rest the cover container on the surface of the ice. Allow the animal to equilibrate for 5 minutes. After the 5 minutes, measure the temperature of the holding water. While doing this, avoid disturbing the animal. Start the trace for 5 to 10 minutes. Click Stop and annotate the start and end of the temperature heart treat trace. Remove the container from the ice and set aside. Collect Data Find the heart rate for each of the annotate sections to collect your data and compare the baseline heart rate to the heart rate manipulated from each experimental condition. Results There results we received were out of five different groups. We will keep the data of the five different results separated for clarity and then combine the results to see if our hypothesized trend was true. Charts and Graphs Table 1 are the results our group acquired from our neurotransmitter. Figure 1 shows a graph of the individual results Table 1: Group results Figure 1: Individual post results shown in a graph Figure 2: Average of the results. There is averages for the pre and post. Control 1 is heart rate at rest and heart rate at stress. The following four go in this order: Sero, Ach, Epi, Temp Figure 3: The average differences of Pre and Post. Control 1 is heart rate at rest and heart rate at stress. The following four go in this order: Sero, Ach, Epi, Temp Discussion When comparing the individual groups, note that group five did not get full data for its heart rate experiment. Group five lacked pre and post results for epinephrine and temperature. Group five also lacked the results for a stressed heart rate. Group four had a huge skew to the right when collecting the pre temperature procedure. The collected data for the pre temperature and pre epinephrine for group four shows a heart rate of 104 and 102 while the other groups had 72, 72, and 64 for pre temp and 72, 72, and 78 for pre epinephrine. These results are in table four. Group three seemed to have a crayfish with a lower heart rate. The average base heart rate for groups 1, 2, 4, and 5 is 71.5 beats; however, group three had a heart rate of 50. The rest of the data follows this trend. This drop of heart rate might be because of the crayfish being a subordinate. In a study done by Heidi Schapker, a dominate crayfish and subordinate crayfish displayed different heart rates. The dominate crayfish had an average base heart rate around 70, while the subordinate crayfish had an average base heart rate at 65 (Schapker, 2002). The study agrees that group three might have had a subordinate crayfish. These different data collections could have skewed our total collected results; however, while focusing on the base and stress, the heart rate did not increase as much as expected. The average difference between the average base heart rate and stressed heart rate was 2.8 beats. In a study done by Laura Listerman, the crayfish used would have a heart rate increase between 100-110 heartbeats per minute when stimulated to defend itself (Listerman, 2000). The stressed crayfish in the study could have potentially had a higher heart rate because the cue of defense could require more blood pump than any other response; however, none of the stimulants used in our experiment rose the heart rate anywhere near 105 beats per minute. In this experiment, the data shows that serotonin had the biggest difference between pre and post results. Serotonin also had the most error-free results. This is mostly due to serotonin being the first stimulant to manipulate the heart rate of the crayfish. Being the first means there would be no error in the water like the other stimulants could have had. Serotonin had an average pre serotonin heart rate of 65.6 beats and average post serotonin heart rate of 82.4 beats. The difference between the two is 16.8 beats. This is a huge jump compared to the other stimulants. This could be likely due to, as stated in the introduction, serotonin being endogenous to this organism when dealing with heart rate. As a natural stimulant to the neurogenic heart rate of the crayfish, serotonin could have the most affect to the heart rate. Our hypothesis of epinephrine being the neurotransmitter to cause the highest change is not supported by this data. The final concentration calculated for serotonin after it has been placed in the water with the crayfish was 9.9 x 10^-6 M. Acetylcholine seemed to have the highest heart rate compared to the others; however, the difference between pre and post did not take first place. ACh had an average pre ACh of 74 beats and average post ACh of 85.2 beats. The average difference between the two was 11.2 beats. Note that group three did not have a consistent “pre” result compared to the rest of their “pre”. The pre ACh heart rate for group three was 72 beats while the others exhibited 58, 58, and 64 beats. There might have been an error while doing calculating the heart rate for pre ACh for group three; however, this pre ACh being 72 beats was more consistent with the other groups. This data supported our hypothesis of ACh increasing the heart rate. The final concentration calculated for ACh after it has been placed in the water with the crayfish was 9.9 x 10^-6 M. It was hypothesized that epinephrine would cause the highest increase compared to the other neurotransmitters. Epinephrine did have the second highest difference. The data not does meet what actually happens because of the human error in the pre epinephrine; however, epinephrine still had a huge effect to the heart rate. This data supported our hypothesis of epinephrine increasing the heart rate. The final concentration calculated for epinephrine after it has been placed in the water with the crayfish was 9.9 x 10^-6 M. The lower temperature affected the heart rate of the crayfish as expected. The heart rate decreased when put in colder water. This is because of the crayfish being a poikilotherm. As a poikilotherm, the body temperature of the crayfish is variable to its environment. As the environmental temperature decreases, it is expected that so will the body temperature. This could cause the heart rate to decrease since all movement is slower. This data supports our hypothesis of cold temperature dropping the heart rate. Conclusion In conclusion, our hypothesis was supported about which stimulants would increase or decrease the heart rate; however, our hypothesis about epinephrine being the neurotransmitter causing the biggest heart rate increase was not supported. As stated before, this could possibly due to human error. The human error could have been the result of an error in calculating the heart rate or not using the proper amount of solution. There was also a lack of data from one of the groups. The equipment used could have also given us inaccurate data. Because of this, a redo of the experiment is necessary to get better results. It is important to notice that the neurotransmitters used to stimulate the neurogenic heart all increased the heart rate. This shows that even if there is a lack of one neurotransmitter that there can potentially be a backup neurotransmitter in its place. In addition, the fact that colder water decreases the heart rate is important because it must mean that an increase in temperature could cause the heart rate to increase. With climate having a rise in temperature, this could affect the crayfish and many other poikilotherm organisms. A constant increase in heart rate to acclimate towards temperature could be detrimental to these organisms. For future experiments, I would gather crayfish with similar base heart rates and categorize them. Having a crayfish with a low heart rate be experimented with crayfish with relatively normal heart rates skews the data. However, if crayfish were categorized when being experimented, the data could be more organized in terms of their heart rates. The use of several buckets with Freshwater crustacean saline already prepared could help prevent any human errors when it came to reusing the same bucket and trying to avoid contamination. If several buckets were prepared ahead of time, the experiment would run more efficiently and would have less human error. This might change the results by having data that are more accurate. In the end, it is important to study this to understand the neurogenic heart rate. As stated before, knowing which neurotransmitters work best for the heart could allow us to better understand the roles of neurotransmitters and how a neurogenic heart functions. With this knowledge, we could potentially use the information for medical uses and environmental uses for animals with similar functions. Bibliography Epinephrine. (n.d.). Retrieved from PubMed Health: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMHT0010117/?report=details#side_effects Listerman, L. R. (2000). Heart rate within male crayfish: social interactions and effects of 5-HT. ScienceDirect, 251-263. Schapker, H. (2002). Heart and ventilatory measures in crayfish during environmental disturbances and social interactions. In Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: MolecularExperiment on the Effects of Stimulants on Heart Rate

UV Jaffe and Jordan Limited Liability Business Organization Questions

cheap assignment writing service UV Jaffe and Jordan Limited Liability Business Organization Questions.

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1. BUSINESS ORGANIZATIONSJaffe Desk and Jordan Reilly just graduated from UC with a master’s degree in marketing and public health. They want to establish healthcare business that will source and distribute pharmaceutical products in the United States and internationally. Jaffe and Jordan know that before they can invest their time and other resources in the project, they must obtain financing, which means that they must raise money to pay for the investment cost and other operating expenses. Because the company might not be listed in any capital market right away, they will not be able to raise equity funding from the public. Therefore, they are considering raising long-term capital from various sources including angel investors, venture capital market, bank loans, crowdfunding, and initial coin offerings (ICOs). They learnt in corporate finance course the advantages and disadvantages of different forms of business organizations. They are worried about the legal concept of limited liabilityand how it will affect their personal fortunes in the future in case the business fails. They are not very sure which form of business organization to set up to protect their personal liability, reduce taxes, and access external funding. Therefore, they are considering a partnership, a limited liability, or a corporation. A cash budget they prepared shows that $5 million seed money would be needed to hire staff, buy computers, rent an office space, promote, and market the business as well as to meet other business development expenditures. They have agreed to share profits and losses equally if they decide to form a limited partnership. The general partner will, however, be paid a fixed salary of $6,000 per month before taxes and other payroll deductions.In order to make good and right decision, Jaffe and Jordan have approached you to help them understand the concept of limited liability, advantages, and disadvantages of the various forms of business organizations and possible sources of funding for the business. Explain the legal concept of limited liability to Jaffe and JordanGive 2 advantages and 2 disadvantages of each of the following forms of business organization to Jaffe and Jordan:partnership,limited liability, andcorporation3.Ultimately, what form of business organization would you recommend Jaffe and Jordan to consider. Why?4.Based on your recommendation above, explain to Jaffe and Jordan if the following sources of raising long-term capital are appropriate for them:angel investors (angels)crowdfundingventure capitalinitial coin offering, andlong-term debt 2. FINANCIAL STATEMENT ANALYSIS AND FINANCIAL MODELSJaffe and Jordan want to use financial planning models to prepare a projected (pro forma) financial statement to determine the profitability and financial health of the business for next year, ending Dec 31, 2021. Use the pro forma financial statement below to answer the following questions:PRO FORMA INCOME STATEMENT($millions)Total operating revenues82Less expenses27Less depreciation9Earnings before interest and taxes46Less interest4Net income before taxes42Less taxes @ 23.8%10Net income32PRO FORMA BALANCE SHEETAssets:Cash19Other current assets28Net Fixed Assets40Total Assets87Liabilities and Equities:Accounts payable12Long-term debt28Stockholders’ Equity47Total Liabilities & Equities87a. What is the estimated profit of the business for 2021?b. Compute the following profitability ratiosand explain to Jaffe and Jordan whether the business looks profitable relative to the performance of the industry. i. Profit margin ii. Return on assets iii. Return on equity iv. calculate and explain operating cash flowThe industry ratios are as follows:Industry ratios Profit margin32.80%Return on assets34.00%Return on equity42.50%c. Assuming you project a 25% increase in operating revenue (sales) per year what will be the anticipated operating revenue in 2022?d. If net income is projected to increase by 20% per year, what will be the profit margin in 2022?e. What will be the estimated earnings per share (EPS) in 2022 if 1,000,000 shares are issued?Note: Make sure to answer all the questions and attached textbook for reference and also attached question in word format.
UV Jaffe and Jordan Limited Liability Business Organization Questions

Researching Industry Financial Statistics

Researching Industry Financial Statistics.

NO PLAGERIASM, MUST BE ORIGINAL WORK!!!!THIS IS A 2 PART ASSIGNMENT1ST WORD DOCUMENT2ND EXCEL SHEETWORD DOCUMENT MUST MEET ALL REQUIREMENTS LISTED BELOW. QUESTIONS WILL NOT BE WRITTEN ON THE DOCUMENT. MUST USE AT LEAST 3 IN TEXT CITATIONS WITH ALL REFERENCES IN APA FORMAT. MUST MEET A 1300 WORD MINIMUM PAPER. EXCEL SHEET MUST CONTAIN ALL INFORMATION REQUESTED BELOW WITH FORMULAS IMPUTED INTO THE CELLS TO SHOW WORK.FOR THIS ASSIGNMENT (AAA) WILL BE THE COMPANY OF CHOICE. MUST SIGN IN TO SCHOOL ACCOUNT IN ORDER TO GET COMPANY INFORMATION. STEPS ARE LISTED BELOW. Assignment Steps Resources: Plunket Research Online located in the Week 3 Electronic Reserve Readings; Microsoft® Excel®Access the the Plunkett Research database in the University Library by following these steps:Click on the Library tab located at the top of the home screen highlighted in BLACK.Click “University of Library tab” TOP RIGHT CORNERClick “Databases A-Z Tab” HIGHLIGHTED IN BLACK, ON TOPUnder the search bar “SEARCH PLUNKETT RESEARCH ONLINE”Review the following “HOW TO USE” videos:Plunkett Research Online OverviewHow to Export Company and Exec. ListsHow to Build-a-ReportHow to Use Industry AnalyticsHow to Research an IndustryHow to Use Company ProfilesClick “Research A Company.”Type (AAA) and input into the Search Box. Select AAA AMERICAN AUTOMOBILE ASSOCIATION.Click the link to the company profile (in blue). Review the Company Profile and answer the following questions in Microsoft® Word: What is the Ticker Symbol for the company you have selected?When was the company established?How many employees does it have?What is the NAICS Code?Who is the CEO?Where does the company rank in terms of Total Revenue when compared to its competitors?Where does the company rank in terms of Net Income when compared to its competitors?Where does the company rank in terms of Return on Assets when compared to its competitors?What is the Revenue in 2014 and 2015?What was the Gross Margin in 2014 and 2015?What was the Earnings per Share in 2014 and 2015? Save the Company Profile as a PDF document. Compare the 2015 Company Financials to the Industry Averages and export the results into a Microsoft® Excel® document. Add a new column in your Microsoft® Excel® document titled “Change” and calculate the difference between the company’s 2015 financial results and the industry averages. Explain in 1300 words how the company you selected compares to the industry averages in terms of financial profitability, liquidity and solvency, and why the difference is important. Also review the financial statements over the last three years, and discuss any positive and negative trends would you report to the company’s management. Submit the calculations as well as the explanation.
Researching Industry Financial Statistics

Project Part C: Regression and Correlation Analysis, writing homework help

Project Part C: Regression and Correlation Analysis, writing homework help.

Using Minitab perform the regression and correlation analysis for the data on diabetes posttest (Y), thedependent variable, and diabetes pretest (X), the independent variable, by answering the following.1. Generate a scatterplot for diabetes posttest (Y) vs. diabetes pretest (X) including the graph of the “bestfit” line. Interpret.2. Determine the equation of the “best fit” line, which describes the relationship between diabetes posttestand diabetes pretest.3. Determine the coefficient of correlation. Interpret.4. Determine the coefficient of determination. Interpret.Test the utility of this regression model (use a two tail test with α =.05). Interpret your results, includingthe p-value.5. Based on your findings in 1-5, what is your opinion about using diabetes pretest to predict diabetespostest? Explain.6. Compute the 95% confidence interval for beta-1 (the population slope). Interpret this interval. In anattempt to improve the model, we attempt to do a multiple regression model predicting diabetes posttestbased on diabetes pretest and glucose.7. Using Minitab, run the multiple regression analysis using the variables diabetes pretest and glucose topredict diabetes posttest. 8. State the equation for this multiple regression model.9. Perform the Global Test for Utility (F-Test). Explain your conclusion.10.Perform the t-test on each independent variable. Explain your conclusions and clearly state how youshould proceed. In particular, which independent variables should we keep and which should bediscarded.11. Is this multiple regression model better than the linear model that we generated in parts 1-7? Explain.All DeVry University policies are in effect, including the plagiarism policy.Project Part C report is due by the end of Week 7.Project Part C is worth 100 total points. See grading rubric below.Summarize your results from 1-11 in a report that is three pages or less in length and explains andinterprets the results in ways that are understandable to someone who does not know statistics.
Project Part C: Regression and Correlation Analysis, writing homework help