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Prevention

Abstract In this policy paper I am trying to give an overview of a hazy topic termed as “crime” and how to control it. In so doing, it draws explicitly upon the growth of community, safety and to a lesser extent restorative justice. This essay casts a critical eye over some of the assumptions which are often ignored and underlie recent appeals to community in crime prevention and control. The article considers the philosophical origins, ambiguities and tensions within such appeals. Particularly it focuses upon the way in which appeals to community converge and collide with changing social relations which may undermine their progressive potential. Crime is a demoralizing and costly problem affecting our society. The victims of crime suffer injury, financial loss, and intimidation. Everyone is affected by higher prices for products, taxes, insurance premiums, and the sense of insecurity and fear that result from criminal acts. Those who live or work in “high crime” areas can be prevented of some of life’s normal opportunities and pleasures by the social and economic impact of crime and by the alienation and despair that accompanies the fear of crime. The study of crime, society’s response to it, and its prevention, including examination of the environmental, hereditary, or psychological causes of crime, modes of criminal investigation and conviction, and the efficacy of punishment or correction as compared with forms of treatment or rehabilitation. Crime prevention is any initiative or plan which reduces or eliminates the aggregate level of victimization or the risk of individual criminal activation. It includes community and government based programs to minimize the incidents of risk factors correlated with criminal activation and the rate of victimization, as well as efforts to change perceptions. Even though society as a whole participates in many ways in fighting against crime and preventing crime, the state remains the key organization responsible for the personal safety of its citizens and therefore plays a useful role in solving the crime problem. Everyone should accept that law and order is among the spheres of public life most sensitive to the whole spectrum of changes which state and society can undergo – political, social, emotional, economic and demographic, as well as fundamental changes in moral values. I has always been the case that the problem of crime is particularly confusing and complex for societies which are having deep transition. When Machiavelli, at the beginning of the 16th century, stated that, ‘New states are full of all kinds of dangers’; he was in fact referring to crime. It has been unable to avoid many of the dangers of a ‘new state’. Among the most persistent dangers are the rapid increase in the numbers of crimes and offenders, and the changing crime patterns. It has become more difficult for state, society and system to effectively control and curb these negative processes. An example :- Crime committed by: According to a survey of Soviet ‘perestroika’ Two factors that have contributed to this upward trend are a decrease in moral values and population rise. As a result of the introduction of Universal Primary Education (UPE), every school-age child (7 years) now attends primary school to start formal education. Primary and secondary school education are free of charge. To date, the same can be said of university education, where students either receive full government scholarship or are sponsored by non-governmental organizations. Absorbing the lack of jobless youths, mainly primary school students, has placed a heavy burden on the community. This unemployed workforce now seems to be the reason behind the violent behaviors of youths in urban centers. Of late the authorities have had to tackle with groups of youths who terrorize the population by committing a number of crimes, including larceny, fraud and even rape. Over the last ten years, due to the growth in crime levels, increase in public fears about security and declining service delivery from public police, many people and organizations (private security industry, municipal authorities, businesses, the public and even the police themselves) in some form or another utilized and made use of the resources offered by the private security industry in the fight against crime. In particular such security services revolving around security villages, gated neighborhoods/enclosed areas and armed patrols of residential areas by private security personnel. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More On the surface, the prison would look like the perfect example of a controlled environment and it might be supposed that there is little that prison administrators can learn from situational prevention. However, typically control in prison lacks the micro-level, problem-solving approach that characterizes situational prevention. But we can’t say the lessons are all in one direction. While situational crime prevention has been concerned largely with decreasing opportunities for crime, prison control often deals with institutional pressures that give rise misbehavior. As well as tightening-up to restrict opportunities for misbehavior, prison control can also involve loosening-off to decrease these pressures. These opposing approaches to control need to be carefully balanced to avoid counterproductive intervention. The idea of situational precipitators and control through loosening-up can be applied more broadly to community settings. Thus, while prison administrators can learn from situational crime prevention, situational crime prevention practitioners have something to learn from prison control. A national concept for crime control was prepared by the country’s criminologists, which was approved by the Government. It gave importance to an active state policy in the sphere of crime control and prevention, giving the necessary preconditions for carrying this out. It can be stated that, given the short period of restored statehood, much has been done in developing the preconditions for crime control and prevention. As political force of society, the state should guarantee the personal security of its people and social stability. So it has a special role to play in the fight against crime and crime prevention. Mass media also plays a role in crime prevention and control deserves a separate note. It is difficult to evaluate this from a single perspective, because media work itself is not uniform. On the one hand, many journalistic investigations help law and order institutions uncover serious crimes and their perpetrators. Information in the press and on television and newspaper assists in involving the public in the crime prevention process. And on the other hand, seeking to attract readers or spectators by informing them as quickly as possible, journalists often obstruct law and order operations by giving important information which allows criminals to take suitable measures to avoid being detained and convicted. Nowadays crime gangs provide pain-in-the-neck of our society. Due to increasing number of gangs crime becomes serious and serious. Mostly offenders attached from gang commit serious crime like murder, rape, smuggling etc. Gang members often spend years in the community committing various offenses before ending up in confinement, becoming a fatality of gang violence, or desisting from gang membership Situational gang crime prevention focuses on the situational causes of crime and less on the dispositional traits of specific potential offenders. Interventions may focus on a particular type of gang crime, on a situational crime prevention technique, or on a particular location. These interventions are often seen as addressing the environmental and opportunistic factors that influence offender decision making. We will write a custom Term Paper on Prevention
Bethel University Supervalu Company Managerial Accounting Discussion.

Discussion: The response to the facilitator’s original post should be a minimum of 250 words and must be supported by at least four scholarly sources from google scholar. References should include a scholarly source outside your textbook. References and citations are required for your initial and response posts. 1 “Only those costs that change need be included in the decision-making process.” Evaluate this statement and discuss its merits or shortcomings based on your readings. In your initial response, please cite an external source. Based on your reading, please communicate your own understanding of the requirements. Complete: The minimum word count for all Complete sections combined is 1,500 words per unit (total assignment). The student’s responses in the Complete section should be supported by at least four scholarly references. Make sure you are using scholarly or industry related journals. How do managers go about making segment product line elimination decisions? In a narrative format, answer all questions presented in the case, ATC 6-1. Mention some ways other than cost-cutting that will improve company operations. Be sure to use at least four sources and use APA format.
Bethel University Supervalu Company Managerial Accounting Discussion

a character analysis essay using “Trifles”.

write a character analysis essay using Trifles. A character analysis is more than a character description. It considers a complex character’smotivations and how conflicts arise from those sometimes-conflicting motivations, and it also analyzes how a character’s personality and growth (or lack) help convey the ideas and themes of the work as a whole.Choose two characters from Trifles to compare and contrast, using specific examples (key lines/scenes, etc.) from the play to support your claims about the characters.Guidelines:● This essay is for a general academic audience.● Essay should be 1000-1250 words (approx 4-5 pages) – include the word count at the endof your essay – and written in MLA format, with a Works Cited page. See MLA info at:http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/747/01/ .● You are not required to use sources, but any sources used must be documented.● Remember this is a character analysis so use the literary terms in your analysis and not just your own personal adjectives about the character.● Always use specific passages to back up your discussion since doing so offers more opportunity for close analysis.
a character analysis essay using “Trifles”

Capella University Plan Your Future as An It Professional Report

Capella University Plan Your Future as An It Professional Report.

Plan Your Future as an IT ProfessionalIn addition to completing your Master of Science in Information Technology degree, what actions can you take to prepare for your next career move?In this assignment, you will: Identify a possible next job or dream job.Analyze your current qualifications and compare them to the requirements of the dream job.Develop a plan to address gaps in your qualifications to improve your chances of success.Write a forward-looking resume as if you met the requirements posted for your dream job.For this assignment, you will submit three documents:The position description that represents your career goals and dream job.A table with four columns: The first column lists the job requirements.The second column maps your qualifications to the job requirements.The third column flags gaps between the job requirements and your qualifications.The fourth columns lists strategies and action items to develop your qualifications and eliminate the gaps.A future resume for your dream job. This should be what your resume would look like if you complete your development strategies and have the desired qualifications.InstructionsTo complete this assignment, refer to these steps:Identify your dream job and compare its requirements to your qualifications. Find a job posting on an IT professional job board that aligns with your career goals and dream job.Make a list of the knowledge, skills, certifications, and other requirements for the position.Compare your current qualifications to the requirements listed in the job post.Identify where you do or do not have the qualifications for the position.Note the areas that you need to develop to meet the requirements of your dream job.Identify a strategy to acquire the needed qualifications and the time it will take to acquire them.Research the resources available to support your professional development. For example, Capella Career Center, industry certifications, training courses offered by a current employer, professional associations, free online training and education resources, and university degree programs.Explore different types of resumes and formats used by IT professionals, and determine the best format for your career target position.
Capella University Plan Your Future as An It Professional Report

Discussion – Taxing and Business Structures

write my term paper Discussion – Taxing and Business Structures. I need an explanation for this Business question to help me study.

Each type of business entity is affected by taxation. However, tax rates vary among the many different types of company structures, such as traditional C corporations, S Corporations, partnerships, and LLC. For example, corporations are generally taxed at higher tax rates than sole proprietors.
Respond to the following in a minimum of 250 words for each question:

Explain the differences in taxing of four different types of organizations. provide examples
If you were going into business and had a choice of business structures to select from that would minimize your taxes, while yielding the highest profits, which would you choose and why? provide examples.

use your own words, but if you use a source as a reference please make sure you add in-text citations and list all references used.
Discussion – Taxing and Business Structures

Employee Attitude Survey on Workplace Privacy Research Paper

~Surveys, either formal or informal, can serve as effective means for evaluating the attitudes, feelings, values, beliefs, and expectations of a particular sample. By definition, a survey is basically a study undertaken to evaluate the feelings of a target audience or sample towards a particular area of interest (Cohen et al, 2007). The responses can then be generalized to the whole population if appropriate measures are put in place to ensure data validity. It is imperative to note that every survey must have a well spelt out agenda, and details should be made available to respondents to give them the ability to respond to the questions posed The main purpose of this particular survey was to critically evaluate how the employees felt towards workplace regulations that inevitably affect their privacy, and how such practices influence their performance and job satisfaction levels. Today, more than ever before, there exists glaring concerns about conflicts of interest between the employer’s role of safeguarding the safety and performance in the workplace on the one hand and the employee’s privacy interest on the other. Newspapers and other media channels are filled with reports of senior managers who conduct routine checks on employees’ desks, monitor telephone conversations, and install software application programs to monitor computers and emails. We only get to hear of such stories when an infuriated employee files a lawsuit against his or her employer for perceived infringement on privacy (Hubbartt, 1998). The survey targeted the private sector since the workers’ right to privacy in this particular sector is not essentially guaranteed by either the constitution or federal regulations There are many design issues involved in preparing an effective survey. First, it was decided that the survey will utilize quantitative research design since the main objective was to evaluate the relationship between the independent variable, which was workplace regulations towards privacy, and the dependent variables, entailing a multiplicity of attitudes and values held by the employees concerning how the regulations affects their performance and job satisfaction (Hopkins, 2000). Quantitative research designs can either be descriptive or experimental, and this particular survey opted for a descriptive study since it was interested in establishing associations between the above stated variables as opposed to establishing causality. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Having determined on the design to be used for the survey, it was also decided that the survey employ a cross-sectional approach since the respondents were measured once to determine the relationships (Hopkins, 2000). Afterwards, the desired sample size was established through both purposive and convenience sampling procedures. Purposive sampling was used since the researcher needed respondents who had adequate knowledge and understanding on privacy issues in the workplace. After this was established, convenience sampling was used. The latter technique samples people based on the principle of being in the right place at the right time (Cohen et al, 2007). Semi-structured questionnaires were also developed for the purposes of data collection. Questionnaires are advantageous in this type of survey due to their ease of application and tested ability to bring out salient information in the most objective manner possible (Cohen et al, 2007). Since this was an attitude survey, the researcher used the unstructured questions to explore new levels of knowledge, not mentioning the fact that such questions gave the respondents the leeway to expound their innermost feelings towards the variables under investigation. The above are some of the preliminary design issues that any researcher must be able to aptly solve in line with the key objectives of the study. The study design is particularly important as it determines the type of data that the researcher will receive from the field. Decisions on whether the study will adopt a descriptive or experimental approach are fundamentally important, especially in attitude studies where the researcher is mainly interested in knowing how a particular attitude or behavior develops, and why it develops (Cohen et al, 2007). I Issues of the actual data gathering tools are equally important since they are principally related with the validity and reliability of results. Validity can be basically described as the strength of our own conclusions, deductions, or propositions. Validity seeks to ask if certain inferences or conclusions made from a research study were right, and as such, it depends heavily on the degree to which a particular data collection instrument employed in the survey is able to evaluate or measure certain issues of interest (Handley, 2005). We will write a custom Research Paper on Employee Attitude Survey on Workplace Privacy specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Reliability can be simply described as the consistency of measurement. In this particular stud, reliability was described as the degree to which the semi-structured questionnaire was able to measure the variables or phenomena consistently each time the instrument was under similar conditions. This ensured outstanding levels of uniformity in responses given out by the subjects (Handley, 2005). Lastly, it was decided that the questionnaire was to be self-administered, whereby the subjects were expected to fill in the answer either with or without the assistance of the researcher as situations would allow. The distinct advantages of self-administering the questionnaires in an attitude survey is that not only does the respondent feel free to answer objectively, but also the whole process takes a little time to complete (Cohen et al, 2007). Here, instructions for administering included: who should complete the survey; who should administer the survey; what instructions should be made available to the participants; what is needed for administering the survey; among others (Instructions, n.d.). As already mentioned, the questions were mostly structured to limit the subjects to the scales given. Some questions, however, were unstructured especially in areas where more explanations were needed. A five-point Lickert-type scale was used to scale and measure the responses. In this type of scale, the instructions would be: 5 represents the most important or strongly agree while 1 represents the least important or strongly disagree. Performing descriptive statistics on such scores will reveal their means, standard deviations, maximum values, minimum values, among others. To achieve objectivity in interpretation of the results, the researcher may have to evaluate three or four questions simultaneously to establish valid relationship or run cross-tabulations (Manion et al, 2007). The importance of attitude surveys in evaluating the behaviors and actions of individuals can not, therefore, be put into question. There attitude surveys are used in nearly every field, from education to psychology to marketing and management to evaluate the perceptions, priorities, values, and expectations held by individuals regarding a particular practice, product, strategy, or service (Manion et al, 2007). In psychology, there are mostly used to come up with frameworks and theories as to how and why individuals behave the way they do when subjected to certain environmental incentives or negative rewards. Attitude informs the mindsets and behaviors of individuals the world over. Reference List Cohen, L., Manion, L.,

Deanza College Khafre Pyramid Decoration of The Royal Funerary Essay

Deanza College Khafre Pyramid Decoration of The Royal Funerary Essay.

In this exercise, you will explore the computer simulation of the Giza plateau in Egypt hosted on the website: http://giza.fas.harvard.eduPick one monument at the site (Khafre Pyramid, Khafre Pyramid Temple, Khafre Valley Temple, Sphinx, Sphinx Temple). Discuss its layout and its history based on the 3D walkthrough, the videos, the photos and plans,, and on the articles presented on the site. (Some of the videos are narrated and provide good information).What was the monument used for? Who was it built for? What sort of ideology is projected by the monument and its decoration? What does the layout say about open or restricted access to the monument? Comment on the types of materials used and the amount of labor that would have been required.Be sure to use your own words to paraphrase the information from the website (do not copy and paste, for that is plagiarism!) (300-400 words)
Deanza College Khafre Pyramid Decoration of The Royal Funerary Essay