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Preparation and Delivery of Nursing Oral Presentation

Share this: Facebook Twitter Reddit LinkedIn WhatsApp A Reflective Commentary on the Preparation and Delivery of the Oral Presentation The presentation undertaken focussed on an eighty-year-old Asian female who spoke extremely limited English. Therefore any communication barriers needed to be addressed and this was achieved by asking the family to interpret. She is an obese individual who has a Body Mass Index of 30. She has type 2 diabetes mellitus, a right-sided chronic lower leg ulcer and arthritis affecting both knees. Her glucose levels are high because of her nutritionally poor diet. After consultation with the required health professional team she was advised about healthy eating that was culturally and religiously appropriate. Her wound was managed with guidance from the tissue viability nurse and her pain level was assessed and addressed. This assignment will provide a reflective appraisal of the preparation and delivery of the oral presentation mentioned above. When commencing a reflective learning task it is important to understand the concept of reflection and the values of the reflective process, especially pertaining to nursing practice. There are many varied and valid interpretations of reflective learning; however, it is suggested that reflection is the contemplation of an event or activity that leads to professional knowledge enhancement and if needed, purposeful change to practice (Wilkinson, 1999, p36). It can be said that one of the main values of reflective learning is that it can bridge the perceived gap between theory and practice by informing and extending students’ thinking in classroom and clinical situations. Reflective learning can also promote critical self-awareness and cultivate an inquiring attitude to both learning and practice. It is suggested that reflective learning enhances critical thinking through discussion, research of others’ professional opinions and use of appropriate literature. Finally, reflective learning skills when applied to practice can help in improving care by reflecting on what has been undertaken, why it was undertaken a certain way and how could care have been improved (O’Regan and Fawcett, 2006, p60, Johns, 2001, p237). It can be said therefore that reflective learning is thinking critically about an experience and learning from it. It is argued that it is often students and newly qualified nurses that are asked to become reflective practitioners. Debatably however, for the best care and clinical outcomes even expert nurses and clinical managers should undertake reflective practice. As mentioned the presentation focussed on the care given to an elderly obese Asian female who has type 2 diabetes mellitus and has a chronic leg ulcer. Before designing the presentation I felt that the key to a successful presentation was to prepare well. Jones (2003, p96) proposes that “effective presentation can be defined as the ability to communicate a message to an audience in a way that results in a change in understanding or opinion”. Hadfield-Law (2001, p1208) suggests that when preparing effectively for a presentation you should “begin with a purpose”. Therefore, I posed the question “what am I aiming to accomplish and achieve in my presentation.” The intention of this presentation was to convey to the audience the nursing care given and the clinical effectiveness of care, alongside the prioritisation of my patient’s individual care needs. It was important that the presentation also expressed the holistic nature of the care undertaken. One of the key strengths of this presentation was the preparation undertaken before designing it using PowerPoint. However, this was extremely time consuming, but I felt that having a plan of action was imperative to success. Preparing for the presentation included research into how effective presentations are planned and an action plan of the material that I wanted to use. Although there was a lot of material that could have been used in the presentation, I decided to use the most relevant information to get my message across. The presentation was ten minutes in length and there was only enough time to convey the main, relevant points. Having said this, keeping the presentation simple and interesting would have helped to capture the audiences’ attention. The main points to be conveyed were placed on PowerPoint as this gave the presentation a more professional impression. It is important to note however that the use of visual aids such as PowerPoint slides should aid the presentation and not distract from it (Hadfield-Law, 2001, p1210). The structure of the presentation included an introduction, the main text of the talk and a conclusion. The introduction attempted to communicate to the audience a profile of the patient and the care needed. The conclusion was expressed in a way that clearly conveyed the message that I wanted to get across. Another major strength of this presentation was that of time management both in the preparation and delivery of the presentation. I managed to undertake the presentation within the allotted time period. This is imperative as people expect you to keep to your allotted time. If you overrun there is a possibility of people becoming restless and consequently not concentrating on what is being said. Going over the time limit also shows poor preparation, planning and rehearsal. I found delivering the presentation immensely stressful and my anxiety levels were extremely elevated. I felt that control of my anxiety could be worked on for future presentations. However, I consider that one of my main strengths when delivering this presentation was that I felt that my body language conveyed professionalism and knowledge of subject. Writing this reflective commentary on my oral presentation has been difficult because of a number of factors. The lack of feedback has meant that I can only relay my views on how the presentation was received and not the views of the audience. Having reflected on the content of my presentation I wondered if I focussed on the patient enough, as her clinical care, personal, psychological and social needs were the focal point of this presentation. I felt that I excessively discussed the involvement of other the health professionals, clinical symptoms and clinical care given, thereby demonstrating the holistic nature of the care undertaken to the detriment of discussing my patients needs more fully. Again, feedback on my presentation would have enabled me to assess and critically analyse this point. The main learning outcome of this assignment was the realisation of the importance of health professionals working together as a team for the benefit of the patient. Secondly, I acknowledged the effect of giving proper advice on guiding the patient to care for herself. Thirdly, I understood the significance of using appropriate language in communicating with the patient to promote understanding of the situation. Fourthly, I realised the importance of family involvement in the patient’s care. The learning outcomes of the presentation were that of the importance of preparation, planning and rehearsing in order to achieve success and to help reduce stress and anxiety. I have also observed that presentation skills are very useful skills for nurses to learn. It is suggested that these skills can be used to share practice knowledge, influence colleagues and are essential skills for job interviews (Hadfield-Law, 2001, p1208). The process of reflecting has implications for my future nursing practice. The ability to reflect on the hows, whys and ifs of situations and experiences allows decisions and emotions to be examined for the benefit of both the patient and the health professional. The development of these skills will enable me to analyse decisions in the planning and delivery of care so that any risks have been successfully eliminated. It is suggested that reflective practices either in a classroom situation or in a clinical setting should be undertaken as part of everyday practice and as part of continuous professional development (Wilkinson, 1999, p40). Having said that however, questioning every act to be carried out or already undertaken could lead to uncertainty and low professional self-esteem. So it is suggested that it is important to know when to stop reflecting and when to take action. In conclusion, reflective learning promotes critical self-awareness enabling thought to precede action such that care is improved for the patient. The ability to critically review past actions is key to the learning process. Reflective learning is a useful skill to develop in a work setting and has potential benefits in the planning and delivery of clinical care. Careful preparation is vital for a successful presentation and a clear idea of the aim of the presentation at the outset is essential to the planning process. Attention to the timing of the presentation is required in order to ensure the relevance of the material and to meet audience expectations. Feedback is a useful tool to improve performance and its absence limits the scope for improvement. Bibliography Hadfield-Law L (2001) Presentation skills for nurses: how to prepare more effectively. British Journal of Nursing. 10, 18, 1208-1211. Johns C (2001) Reflective practice: revealing the heart of caring. International Journal of Nursing Practice. 7, 4, 237-245. Jones J (2003) Well presented. Nursing Standard. April 2, 17, 29, 96. O’Regan H and Fawcett T (2006) Learning to nurse: reflections on bathing a patient. Nursing Standard. 20, 46, 60-64. Wilkinson J (1999) Implementing reflective practice. Nursing Standard. 13, 21, 36-40. Share this: Facebook Twitter Reddit LinkedIn WhatsApp
VM and the Management of Value (VMMoV).

Value Management (VM) is defined by some as a style of management to align stakeholders across a value system, and which utilises a team-based process (often involving a workshop) and function analysis. This term paper asks you to apply VM to a specific project type – a surgical operating theatre. You are being asked by a client to consider how to facilitate deeper understanding across a value system(s) to show why something is or is not required and how it can be achieved. This assignment asks you to rehearse your use of VM and then to reflect on the delivery of a surgical operating theatre.AdviseTaking your knowledge of the lectures and your private reading, contextualise and frame your use of the VM approach across system, service and product scales. Think carefully about the focus (remember that it is expected that you do 60 hrs of private reading and 80 hours doing the writing). You might for example want to focus on the healthcare system, or a clinical service or the theatre product. You may even like to drill deeper into a more specific technical VM application on a specific theatre element or component. Some might like to consider it from a different angle, perhaps a theatre designed for a space craft, or manufactured offsite.Assessment CriteriaStatement of Problem/30A descriptive account of the general VM methods that will be best applied to the specific value system, team and function-based problem.Analysis/40The effective use of one or a number of tools to the specific operating theatre case. A critical / reflective evaluation of the VM approach, your implementation of it and the implications of the analysis.Conclusions/20There should be a clear description of what you have done, what you have found and why it has relevance.Presentation/10Tables/figures are used effectively and consistently. It should be clear when you are using descriptive, reflective and critical styles of writing. There should be correct referencing of literature.Word limit: 2000 words
VM and the Management of Value (VMMoV)



Peer Review QuestionsDoes the author present the issue in his or her introduction? Is the hook effective? Is the background information (introducing the topic, and their focus on book, movie or movie and the book) sufficient? Is the argument in the thesis clear? Why or why not? Does the writer include a lit review as their first body paragraph to introduce their anchor source (the book, the movie, or both the book and the movie)? Is this lit review effective in introducing the audience to the anchor source(s) and provide sufficient rhetorical analysis about the source? Does the writer give specific examples from the text to support their claims? Are there at least two examples per body paragraph? (I in PIE) Does the writer explain these specific examples, the importance or significance of these examples, and tie back into the Point and the Thesis? (E in PIE)Are all examples from the sources cited properly with in-text citation? Is the paper formatted in MLA style? Is there a works cited page in the end? (I in PIE)Does the writer have a counterargument and refutation that either appears as the first body paragraph or the last body paragraph? Does the author include at least five sources throughout their paper? Are these sources used effectively? Does the writer introduce each new source as it appears in the text? Do they introduce the source sufficiently, so you know what the source is, who created it, and why it’s important aspect of research? Does the writer’s organizational strategy make sense? Does the writer have a conclusion that restates the thesis, summarizes key points, and gives a final thought?Are there any obvious/distracting grammatical or structural errors?What is this paper’s greatest strength? What still needs work, and how would you suggest the writer revise to correct that problem?ESSAY IN DOCUMENTS

“The Big Sleep” by Raymond Chandler Essay

essay writer Introduction This paper analyzes the novel, Big Sleep, as an authentic depiction of the moral corruption that characterized Los Angeles (L.A) in the 1930s. It investigates different aspects of modern society and highlights corruption as the main theme. Through the same analogy, this paper shows that the text represents modern-day problems, such as distrust, lust, deception, and betrayal, which characterize modern society. Based on this discussion, this paper argues that moral corruption is at the center of these societal problems. However, to understand this argument, it is pertinent to know the distinctive features of the social world that the author describes events in the Big Sleep. Distinctive Features of this Social World The events depicted in the Big Sleep happened in America during the great depression. Although many creative writers and film producers depict L.A as full of glitz and glamour, Chandler (117) depicts the town like a dark, depraved, and dirty society. Based on this representation, the Big Sleep thrives in an “urban jungle” characterized by mystery, evil, and deception. In the same setting, the author shows that L.A has many wealthy people, as depicted through Sternwood’s mansion and harbors illegal activities, as seen through Geiger’s pornography store, which acts as a book library. Mar’s gambling activities also show how L.A’s underground society operates. The sparsely decorated office of Marlowe also shows that the town has a neutral (normal) feel. However, the above-mentioned extremes characterize the novel’s setting as a mixture of many backgrounds, which all blend in one intriguing story of mystery, deception, greed, and lust. Since Marlowe has gained access to all these backgrounds of the L.A life, he easily passes judgment about each setting and explains to the readers how they connect with one another. For example, when Marlow visited the Sternwood mansion, he showed his contempt for the rich. From this understanding, the readers could understand why his office does not have lavish furniture or fittings. This is a sign of his contempt for pretense. Nonetheless, the novel’s setting is dynamic, but representative of the social ills that breed a corrupt society. The View of Modern Society that the Text Represents The Big Sleep represents modern society as a dark and corrupt system that does not consider the interests of its people. Hollywood film directors of the 1930s, 1940s, and 1950s commonly highlighted this theme through their “Black Film” works. To expound on the dark and corrupt imagery of modern society as highlighted through Chandler’s work, the Big Sleep uses negative environmental connotations, such as “dark,” “Dank,” “fog’ and “moist” to explain different scenes in the novel. These attributes paint a negative picture of Marlowe’s world, further emphasizing the themes of deception and betrayal in the novel. Although the author portrays the L.A scene as a lonely place, the constant reference to the rain could easily make the readers believe that the rain symbolically cleanses the town (as other authors have traditionally used it in other literacy works); however, this is false because the rain fails to purify the “sins” of the characters. Based on this background alone, Marlowe’s cynicism emerges from his hopelessness that emerges through his inability to rid the town of its deep-rooted corruption and mistrust. The hopelessness and cynicism further depict L.A as a depressed town. In the same breadth of analysis, the author highlights a period when honest jobs were scarce, the streets were dirty, and crime was rampant in the streets. The grittiness of L.A emerges when Marlowe expresses his troubles as he tries to fit in the modern world. This expression manifested when he left Mar’s club in downtown L.A. Relative to this context, Chandler said, “We drove away from Las Olindas through a series of little dank beach towns with shack-like houses built down on the sand, close to the rumble of the surf and larger houses built back on the slopes behind. A yellow window shone here and there, but most of the houses were dark. A smell of kelp came in off the water and lay on the fog. The tires sang on the moist concrete of the boulevard. The world was a wet emptiness” (Chandler, 117). This text shows that L.A was a sad and depressing place. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Is the Text Escapist, or Does it allow us to reflect on Modern Society? An escapist work of art often diverts our attention from reality and replaces the real world for a fictitious one. Such works often fail to portray the real, social, political, or economic contexts of our reality and hypocritically makes us believe that our challenges/problems are “not bad.” The Big Sleep does not use this analogy in its narrative. Instead, it exposes some of the greatest undoings of modern society – corruption, deception, deceit, and betrayal. Corruption is at the center of this analogy because through a corrupt society, and it is difficult to find sincerity, hope, or truthfulness. While many works of art tend to divert our attention from the misery and hopelessness, which characterize modern society, the Big Sleep does the opposite by diverting our attention to these issues. This narrative demonstrates that the novel allows its readers to reflect on modern society and human shortcomings. These attributes also manifest through the main protagonist in the novel, Marlowe, because he exposes his weaknesses and vulnerabilities through some poor decisions that cost him time and put his life in danger. These shortcomings contrast with the moral corruption that the novel portrays because of Marlowe’s shortcomings, and the social shortcomings highlighted in the novel show our human weaknesses and social problems. The honesty, which Marlowe uses to explore his experiences, as a detective, shows that the novel is not escapist. Furthermore, the novel’s dark and pessimistic tones emphasize the moral corruption that this paper highlights in this paper. For example, Marlowe says, “Rain filled the gutters and splashed knee-high off the sidewalk. Big cops in slickers that shone like gun barrels had fun carrying giggling girls across the bad places. I struggled into a trench coat, made a dash for the nearest drugstore, and bought myself a pint of whiskey. Back in the car, I used enough of it to keep warm and interested. My parking was long overdue, but the cops were too busy carrying girls and blowing whistles to bother about that” (Chandler 129). Based on the tone of the above statement, Marlowe does not thrive in an honest or fun society. His experiences are contemptuous and dull. Rain, Booze, and sketchy cops are only some issues that symbolize the gloomy environment and the moral corruption that characterized the L.A society. Since most of these representations are factual, the Big Sleep is an authentic depiction of modern society. Summary This paper has shown that moral corruption is the main theme in the Big Sleep. Most of the experiences shared by Marlowe represent this fact because the tone of his narration shows gloom and dullness. He is unhappy about his reality as he tries to unravel the lives of deceptive, distrustful, and dishonest people. Furthermore, he shows his contempt for the rich through his interactions with Sternwood and his daughters. His representation of modern society is real and not escapist, as opposed to other literary works. This way, the Big Sleep represents the moral corruption that is the modern world. Works Cited Chandler, Raymond. The Big Sleep, London, UK: Penguin, 2014. Print. We will write a custom Essay on “The Big Sleep” by Raymond Chandler specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More

Havard University How global Crisis Affects Democracy and Dictatorship Paper

Havard University How global Crisis Affects Democracy and Dictatorship Paper.

I’m working on a political science writing question and need an explanation to help me study.

Your research proposal is only 1800-2000 words in length but you should not assume that means you can do all of the work for it in a few days. What is my research question?Why is this question worth answering? Why is it an important question?Why is my question politically significant? Who should care about the answer to my research question? Why should they care?How is my question located in the existing academic literature on my topic? How does my question relate to the positions of the key protagonists in academic debates about my topic? (You should be able to locate your research in relation to debates about theory and methods as well as evidence/interpretation of evidence.)How will I conduct my research to answer my research question? What approach and/or research methods will I use? What theoretical or analytical frameworks or perspectives will I use? (You should be able to explain why you have chosen your approach/methods/theories.)(If you are using a case study/case studies …) Why have I chosen this case study/these case studies? Does my choice of case study make sense given my theoretical or analytical framework?If you can provide good answers to these questions, you will know what question you are going to answer, why it is worth trying to answer it, and how you are going to answer it. StructureExplanation of your research question. What are you researching? Why is it worth researching it? This section should provide a brief explanation of the principal research question that you will address. It should indicate the context of your question and explain why your research question is significant both in substantive terms and in relation to existing academic research. You might also indicate, if appropriate, the sub-questions that follow from your principal question. (Approximate word length: 500)Review of the relevant academic literature. Who has already conducted research relevant to your topic? What are the main areas of agreement/disagreement among them? This section should briefly identify the literature that is relevant to your research proposal and indicates how it relates to your research topic. You should not simply give a list of books or articles. Instead, you should show that you know the key protagonists relevant to your area of study, and where they stand in relation to one another. You should be able to identify the major positions in the literature and the main debates that are relevant to your research question. (Approximate word length: 1100)Explanation of approach and/or research method. How are you going to answer your research question? This section should briefly explain the approach and/or research method that you will be using to investigate your research question. This may be a well-recognized theoretical approach or research method; e.g. quantitative methods, comparative approach, case study. Or it may be something less grandiose: simply an account of what you will do to investigate your particular research question. If you are unsure about the sort of information this section requires, you should seek guidance from the module leader. (Approximate word length: 400)
Havard University How global Crisis Affects Democracy and Dictatorship Paper

Assignment Content***** Please read the instructions carefully and the grading guided that is attached . This is a pass

Assignment Content***** Please read the instructions carefully and the grading guided that is attached . This is a pass or fail class with one try. ******* AB InBev (formerly Anheuser-Busch) is the company for the assignment *****Include your name in your documents on the first page, upper left. Download and review the rubric. Use it as a guide when completing your assessment. Once your faculty marks this activity as complete in the gradebook, the Competency Assessment will open for you to submit. Reflection This reflection activity is comprised of two sections collectively totaling a minimum of 500 words. Complete your reflection by responding to all prompts. Company Comparison Select 2 global companies from the same industry – for example, Starbucks and Dunkin Donuts; AB InBev (formerly Anheuser-Busch) and Miller-Coors; and Marriott and Wyndham. Analyze how each of the selected companies applies its strengths and overcomes internal weaknesses to take advantage of external market opportunities, avoid threats, and create sustainable global marketing strategies that offer unique value to the customer. Address each of the following points in your analysis: Methods of differentiation used to create sustainable customer value in global markets Threats or opportunities created by changing demographics and social trends in global markets Ways in which the companies demonstrate ethics and social responsibility in their marketing Consumer Decision Consider a purchase you recently made that was for $100 or more. Describe your decision process by answering the following questions: How did you determine your need? How did you search for information? How did you evaluate alternatives? What criteria did you use in making your choice? After you describe your decision process, answer the following: Once your purchase was complete and you experienced the use of what you purchased, how did you feel about your decision and why? Compare your purchase experience with two colleagues. How do their experiences compare with yours?