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Post-9/11 Era and Muslim Americans Essay

Challenges and conflicts in political interactions between states on a global level have always affected how relationships between the representatives of corresponding cultures develop. Due to the complexity of political relationships between the U.S. and several Muslim countries after the tragedy that took place on September 11, 2001, the attitudes toward Muslim Americans have been based on suspicion and prejudices among the rest of the American community (Foner 1172). Although the source of negative feelings and prejudices toward the German Americans after WWI and Japanese Americans after WWII were quite different compared to the ones shown toward Muslim Americans nowadays, the extent and nature thereof are virtually the same, being based on ethnic and cultural stereotypes and fear. However, due to the increase in the intensity of prejudices and the emergence of the tools that allow for fearmongering among citizens, the extent of negativity that Muslim Americans experience in modern American society is much greater. The experiences of Muslim Americans regarding social tension and even downright discrimination have been quite traumatic. While the general concept of fighting against terrorism was a rather natural and justified response to the tragedy of September 11, its toll on Muslim American citizens has been huge in terms of discrimination that they have witnessed. According to Flanagin’s account of the relationships between Muslim Americans and the rest of the U.S. population, the victimization of Muslim Americans is comparable to that one of German Americans after WWI, although it may not reach the extent of hatred for Japanese Americans after WWII (Foner 1173). As Flanagin explains, “These assessments of hyphenated Americans—German, Irish, Catholic, etc.—were hysterical and maliciously bigoted, inspired by a noxious combination of fear and stupidity” (par. 17). Simultaneously, Flanagin states that the relationship toward Muslim Americans nowadays is similar to that one to German Americans in the 1940ies (par. 1). Therefore, the attitudes toward Muslim Americans are currently very close to those that German Americans had to face after WWI, with the extent of suspicion and the perception of the specified demographic as an inherent threat being extraordinarily high. However, the rate at which Muslim people are marginalized in the American community might be a bit lower than the amount of discrimination and bias that Japanese Americans had to deal with after WWII. The tragedy of 9/11 has left an indelible mark on American society, causing massive social trauma and derailing the relationships between Americans and the Muslim community. As a result, the Muslim American population in the U.S. has been facing significant contempt and has been deemed as a threat to public safety by a range of American citizens (Foner 1170). The extent of mistrust, fear, and hostility toward Muslim Americans among the rest of American citizens nowadays make their experiences quite comparable to those of German Americans after WWI and Japanese Americans after WWII (Foner 1175). The observed tendency takes place due to the effects that social media have produced on spreading misinformation and allowing people with a misconstrued perception of Muslim Americans to create groups geared by the same emotions, primarily, fear toward the specified demographic (Flanagin). As a result, the extent of hostility that Muslim Americans have faced after the infamous terrorist act is even higher than it was for German Americans at the time of the corresponding political conflicts, although the amount of discrimination that Japanese Americans had to face after WWII might have been slightly higher. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Works Cited Flanagin, Jake. “Today’s Muslim Americans are Yesterday’s German Americans.” Quartz. 2015. Web. Foner, Eric. Give Me Liberty! 3rd ed., W. W. Norton
Introduction If one considers the most profound changes in the social and physical conditions attached to human existence, one would have to suggest that the land use dimensions, including the shift to sedentary agriculture, the Industrial Revolution and large-scale urbanisation, are the most significant. However, it is important to understand that land is more than a mere material base. Indeed, Gladwin et al (1995) described land as a diverse, contradictory property with both social and cultural meanings that are mixed with human labour, the biotic community and a land ethic. From this it is easy to understand why land use has been the subject of persistent political struggle over the years and why it is challenging in both theory and practice to ensure sustainable development, whilst also taking into account the needs of a growing population. The eco-modernist interpretation of sustainable development encourages the use eco-efficient building materials and heat and power sources, and encourages doing more with less (Banerjee, 2003). Whilst this has shown that there is a theoretical possibility that energy and material intensity can be reduced, therefore reducing the environmental impact of population and industrial growth, this somewhat simplified approach does not take into consideration the relationships between land, the environment and economic activity (Baker, 2007). The focus on pollution and resource consumption by many ecological modernist theorists has failed to address the intrinsic qualities of the non-human world that are generally the cause of many conflicts over the use of greenbelt land (Hajer and Versteeg, 2005). Part of the problem lies in the way in which the development of land and environmental change causes uncertain effects. These effects are generally caused through the multiplicity of direct, indirect and cumulative processes that are difficult to predict (Hudson, 2005). These processes operate within economic, political and legal dimensions, with many crossing over between a number of jurisdictions. Whilst interactions between proximal land uses have historically concentrated on the effects of pollution, odour and noise on the human population, it is only recently that consideration has been taken over the effects of these environmental problems on the local flora and fauna and the wider scale sustainability of vulnerable species (Scully-Russ, 2012). From this it can be seen that land use and sustainability go hand in hand. As such, it is deemed necessary to focus attention on the planning processes and regulations currently utilised within the UK. The remainder of this essay will consider the way in which UK planning processes have been designed to protect the environment before critically discussing the reasons that they fail. Sustainable development: the need for planning The concept of sustainable development emerged in the late 1980s with Brundtland et al (1987), followed closely by the 1992 United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED), forming the view that it is necessary to consider planning applications as interrelated processes that need to take into account the needs of both human and nonhuman residents (Barkemeyer et al, 2014). This encouraged the development of national sustainability plans, whilst Agenda 21 of the UNCED encouraged the environmentally sound physical planning of sustainable development within urban areas (Jabareen, 2006). These planning and sustainability ideas were rapidly incorporated into local government policy. In the UK, these ideas encouraged a new environmental movement that saw local councils considering the environmental impact on both urban and rural developments (Jabareen, 2006). Indeed, by the start of the 1990s, nearly 75% of all councils within the UK had developed a green charter that recognised the need for environmental planning to mitigate against issues such as global warming, the destruction of the rainforest and depletion of the ozone layer as well as considering the impacts such a development would have on the local environment (Barkemeyer et al, 2014). The emerging concepts of sustainability and the connections with the planning process were often outside of the statutory domain; however, incentives from central government, which supported sustainable development and controlled land use planning often encouraged the development of local policies (Cowell and Lennon, 2014). These local policies, along with international commitments, were rapidly incorporated into legislation, with the UK’s first official sustainable development White Paper urging planning authorities to consider the environmental effects of all planning policies (Cowell and Lennon, 2014). In the same year, the Town and Country Planning Act 1990 ensured that all planning applications considered the conservation, natural beauty and amenity of the land. This act also encouraged improved traffic management and changes to the physical environment within both urbanised and rural areas in order to deliver sustainable land use change. Despite the UK Government generally falling short of making sustainable development a legal requirement of all planning laws, they have developed a number of Acts that can be called upon in certain situations. These include the Town and Country Planning Act 1990, Natural Heritage (Scotland) Act 1991, the Sustainable Communities Act 2007 and the Government of Wales Act 1998 (Wilkinson et al, 2013). Section 121(1) of this latter act places responsibility on the National Assembly for Wales to set out proposals for the promotion of sustainable development within the Welsh region. However, more recently there has been an international emergence of the ecosystem assessment approach to land planning. This approach is promoted to ensure that the true value of the environment is taken into account during all decision-making processes (Adelle et al, 2012). The key concept of the ecosystem assessment approach is that natural ecosystems provide significant benefit, in both health and economy, to human society. Numerous proponents of the ecosystem services approach describe how the method would benefit the spatial planning of habitats to help deliver ecosystem services (Medcalf et al, 2012), in environmental assessment (Wilkinson et al, 2013) and in order to plan for a more environmentally friendly urban development (Baker et al, 2013). The following section of this paper will consider the problems encountered by UK planners in balancing the needs of an expanding population and the potential impacts on the environment. Planning Difficulties In order to highlight the issues associated with planning and environmental protection, it is deemed necessary to utilise a number of case studies in which planning departments have clashed with developers. The first of these cases occurred in the early 1990s in the county of Berkshire and was described by Cowell and Owens (1998). Berkshire County Council received a planning application to expand the capacity of a construction minerals extraction quarry to 2.5 million tonnes per year. The application was supported by central government, who at that time had apportioned a share of projected national demand for construction aggregate to each county. However, Berkshire County Council was concerned about the environmental consequences of this increased carrying capacity and decided that to meet the share of aggregate demand would be unsustainable for their region as it would breach the county’s environmental capacity. In order to reach this decision, the county planning department used a methodology that involved an assessment of environmental suitability at the quarry. This methodology included a traditional sieve analysis, a process of strategic choice and public engagement. In their report, Berkshire Planning Authority stated that the protection of environmental features within the county was vital and the conservation value of the broader environment outweighed the economic benefits of such a development. The planning authorities stated that the environmental capacity of the area would be breached and that this environment capacity was based on the county council’s judgements about the compensatable and critical environmental capital within the county. As such they framed sustainable development by identifying the environmental limits of the area. Indeed, Berkshire Planning Authority asserted that the level of aggregate supply should fall by 3% per year from 1996 to 2011. As was expected, the quarry company appealed the decision and the planning enquiry inspector sided with industry. The appeal report criticised Berkshire Planning Authority for ignoring the economic, local and national need for aggregates. The enquiry inspector did find the planning authority’s explanation of environmental capacity and the need for sustainable development persuasive; however, the report suggests that there is lack of demonstration on why the county could not maintain production of construction aggregates at 2.5 million tonnes per year. As such, the enquiry inspector agreed with the objections made by the quarry company that the concept of critical environmental capital and environmental capacity carried no weight within current realms of planning policy. The planning decision was therefore overturned. The second case study also occurred in Berkshire where a major international company applied for planning permission to build its new headquarters in a green field location (Parker and Street, 2015). The plans immediately raised objections from local residents and environmental pressure groups who claimed that congestion and pollution would increase if the company’s headquarters was located in this area as well as damaging sensitive wildlife habitats. These opponents claimed that the government planning guidelines, which sought to reduce dependency on cars, would be flouted if the planning application was granted. However, the Planning Authority was significantly influenced by the company’s ‘green transport’ plan and the potential employment and economic benefits that such a development would bring. Therefore, following acrimonious debate, planning permission was granted without any formal environmental assessment being carried out in the area. In the Cairngorms, a planning application to develop a tourist funicular railway, to carry passengers to the peak of the mountains, was met with much resistance (Warren, 2002). Initially, the Planning Authority sought to reject the application, claiming that such a development would encourage more visitors to the remote area and damage an ecologically vulnerable area. However, pressure from other council departments, who saw opportunity for economic growth, additional employment and future potential development, forced the Planning Authority to grant permission, regardless of the extensive Environmental Impact Assessment that had been carried out by the Planning Authority proving that the development would cause considerable harm to the sensitive habitats of this area. Despite these case studies showing significant failures in the UK’s planning regulations, there is one instance where the environmental value of a particular area was successfully defended. This final case study occurred within the cathedral city of Salisbury (Parker and Street, 2015). The Planning Authority received an application from the Highways Agency to construct a bypass that would reduce congestion within the city centre. This was in line with the County Council’s green plans to reduce pollution within the area. However, the route of the proposed bypass would bisect the environmentally important water meadows surrounding the city. These water meadows provided the habitat for a large number of migratory wading birds and were considered environmentally important areas. However, the subsequent public enquiry supported the application, claiming significant benefits for the city if the bypass was built. As such, a number of government advisory bodies on nature conservation and landscape protection were consulted in order to find ways in which to mitigate the impacts of the bypass on the wetland areas. These advisory bodies found that there were no measures that could be adopted that would effectively protect the sensitive habitats and mitigation, for the damage could not be advised. This led the Planning Authority to refuse the application and forced the Highways Agency to consider alternative routes. Conclusion In conclusion, it can be seen that, despite sustainable development being at the forefront of the planning regulations, pressure from industry and the need for economic growth has a tendency to sway Planning Authority decisions. Despite all local and county councils now having green plans and sustainable development plans which encourage protection of the local landscape and environment, many are not being fully utilised. It is considered that until sustainable development is incorporated into national policy and regulations, then the needs for economic growth will always outweigh the needs of the environment. In addition, it is considered that whilst there are ways in which human impacts on the environment can be mitigated against, in many instances these opportunities are not fully taken due to the cost implications associated with adopting many of these mitigation measures. Therefore it is concluded that current UK planning regulations do not hold enough weight to successfully protect the environment. References Adelle, C., Jordan, A.,

7 Keys to “Make EBPs Stick:” Lessons From the Field

7 Keys to “Make EBPs Stick:” Lessons From the Field.

The three components of our juvenile justice system include law enforcement, family/juvenile courts, and corrections. These components work together in the best interests of the child, to reduce recidivism, and to increase publish safety. In her article, 7 Keys to “Make EBPs Stick:” Lessons From the Field, Faye Taxman discusses seven organizational strategies to sustain EBP efforts.For your submission, review the seven organizational strategies and select the three most important strategies from your perspective. Discuss how each of the juvenile justice system components can benefit from the implementation of your selected strategies. Provide specific examples to support your points. Submit your completed assignment by following the directions linked below. Please check the Course Calendar for specific due dates. Save your assignment as a Microsoft Word document. (Mac users, please remember to append the “.docx” extension to the filename.) The name of the file should be your first initial and last name, followed by an underscore and the name of the assignment, and an underscore and the date.An example is shown below: Jstudent_exampleproblem_101504
7 Keys to “Make EBPs Stick:” Lessons From the Field

Wilmington University Data Collection and Analysis Phase Discussion

i need help writing an essay Wilmington University Data Collection and Analysis Phase Discussion.

I’m working on a management project and need a sample draft to help me learn.

I’m working on a management project and need a sample draft to help me understand better.Topic:COVID-19 was declared a pandemic on March 11, 2020. As a result, organizations needed to immediately leverage technology to continue operations. Most organizations embraced web conferencing and other online capabilities, as a means to conduct meetings and other functions that would have normally occurred in person. Zoom meetings have become sensational as they are among the most popular sources for web conferencing, information sharing, and remote collaboration. The widespread use of Zoom and other web conferencing tools brought with them a host of security issues, leaving users vulnerable to hacking and meeting invasions.The purpose of this traditional research is to examine the threats associated with web conferencing tools, specifically Zoom, Microsoft Teams, WebEx, and Google Meet. As a comparison/contrast, the researcher also seeks to discover what security measures were employed by these utilities to mitigate risks, reduce threats, and enhance the user experience.The assignment is designed to assist with documenting your research. Since you are entering the data collection and analysis phase of the research, your journal should include answers to the following questions:What tasks did you perform this week related to advancing your research project?What types of data were collected?How was the data analyzed?Why did you include or exclude data from the research?Did any patterns emerge?What improvements were made to previously submitted papers?
Wilmington University Data Collection and Analysis Phase Discussion

Comparison of Treatments for Coronary Artery Disease

Comparison of percutaneous coronary intervention with drug-eluting stents and coronary artery bypass grafting for treatment of unprotected left main coronary artery disease in Chinese patients ABSTRACT Objective: To compare drug-eluting stents (DES) and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in the treatment of unprotected left main coronary artery (ULMCA) disease. Methods: A total of 227 patients received revascularization because of continuous ULMCA disease in Cangzhou Center Hospital, of which 106 patients were implanted DES and 121 patients underwent CABG. The death and the major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) in hospital and in 1 year out of hospital were recorded to evaluate the treatment effects. Results: Compared with CABG group, the incidence of MACCE in hospital was less in DES group (p0.05). Conclusion: Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with DES was a feasible and safe treatment for ULMCA disease. And it seemed to have favorable early clinical outcomes compared with CABG in our center. Key words: unprotected left main coronary artery; percutaneous coronary intervention; coronary artery bypass grafting; drug-eluting stents; prognosis Abbreviations and acronyms ULMCA, unprotected left main coronary artery; PCI, percutaneous coronary intervention; CABG, coronary artery bypass grafting; MACCE, the major adverse cardiac cerebrovascular event(s); CAG, coronary angiography; DES, drug-eluting stent(s); BMS, bare metal stent(s); LMCA, left main coronary artery; LAD, left anterior descending coronary artery; LCX, left circumflex coronary artery; RCA, right coronary artery; TVR, target vessel revascularization; PTCA, percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty. Introduction Unprotected left main coronary artery (ULMCA) disease occurs in 3% to 5% of patients undergoing coronary angiography. About 75-90% patients with ULMCA disease combine with multivessel disease. Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is regarded as an accepted gold standard treatment for ULMCA disease according to current guidelines(1, 2). Early studies using bare-metal stents (BMS) have shown high restenosis rates and mortality rates, so that BMS was only used in patients chosen carefully(3, 4). In recent years, with the rapid development of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), especially the introduction of drug-eluting stents (DES), there was a renewed interest for the percutaneous treatment of ULMCA disease. Several studies have shown that PCI with DES was a feasible treatment of ULMCA disease with favorable midterm outcomes(5, 6). It seems that both PCI and CABG had similar long-term mortality; however, PCI with DES was associated with higher rates of repeated revascularization than CABG(7-9). In this study, we evaluated the in-hospital and long-term outcomes of PCI with DES and CABG for the treatment of ULMCA disease. Methods Patients and groups A total of 227 patients received revascularization because of continuous ULMCA disease in Cangzhou Center Hospital during the time period of January 2009 to January 2013. Coronary heart disease (CHD) patients with evident angina or myocardial ischemia symptoms having more than 50% diameter stenosis in a quantitative coronary angiogram were diagnosed with ULMCA. Patients with patent graft to the left anterior descending artery or left circumflex artery were excluded. The patients excluded in the study met the following criteria: 1) ULMCA was induced by diseases except coronary artery atherosclerotic lesions; 2) myocardial infarction (MI) patients with ST elevation induced by the acute occlusion of left main; 3) patients with serious liver and renal insufficiency; 4) patients with diseases of the blood system; 5) patients combined with infection, tumors and diseases of the immune system; 6) patients had acute cerebral stroke events such as cerebral hemorrhage and cerebral infarction; 7) patients combined with serious infectious diseases; 8) patients with surgical contraindications. Patients were evaluated by both interventional cardiologists and cardiac surgeons and the decision to perform PCI or CABG was made on the basis of: 1) hemodynamic conditions; 2) lesion characteristics; 3) vessel size; 4) the presence of comorbidities; 5) quality of arterial and/or venous conduits for grafting; and 6) patient and/or referring physician preferences. Procedural Characteristics PCI was performed using the standard percutaneous transfemoral approach. All patients treated with PCI were premedicated with 300 mg aspirin and 300mg clopidogrel 12 to 24 hours before the operation. Different stenting techniques for left main coronary artery (LMCA) bifurcation lesions were decided by the operators according to the actual angiographic findings. Simple stenting techniques were preferred over complicated techniques. Before stent implantation, the lesion regions were expanded by balloon and expansion with balloon was also performed after stent implantation. Final kissing balloon techniques were used if necessary. The poststenting antiplatelet regimen included lifetime aspirin if without contraindications and clopidogrel for at least 6 to 9 months, and the patients were recommended to take reexamination using coronary angiogram in 6 months after the operation. Coronary artery bypass grafting was routinely performed. For those patients taking aspirin and clopidogrel, surgery was delayed to 5 days after discontinuing aspirin and clopidogrel. The postoperative antiplatelet regimen included lifetime aspirin if without contraindications and clopidogrel for at 1 year, and the patients were recommended to take reexamination using coronary angiogram if there were clinical symptoms like chest pain. Follow up The major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) of patients in DES and CABG group were recorded during hospitalization and at 1 year after leaving hospital. The death (cardiac death and stroke death), nonfatal MI, cerebral stroke and target vessel revascularization (TVR) were included. The deaths caused by unknown reasons were recorded as cardiac death. Patients with ischemic symptoms, electrocardiogram (ECG) changes and myocardial enzyme 3 times higher than upper limit of normal were recorded as nonfatal MI. Cerebral stroke included cerebral infarction, intracerebral parenchyma hemorrhage (IPH), transient ischemic attack and so on. TVR was defined as any repeated revascularization in the left anterior descending artery or left circumflex artery as well as in the target segment. Statistical analysis SPSS 13.0 was used for statistical analysis. The continuous variables following normal distribution were presented as mean ± SD (±s) and were compared using t test. The continuous variables of non-normal distribution were presented as median and interquartile range and compared using rank sum test. A multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to take potential baseline differences between groups. Survival analysis was conducted using Kaplan–Meier method. p<0.05 indicated a significant differences. Results Clinical characteristics of patients As shown in Table 1, there were no significant differences between DES and CABG groups in clinical characteristics. Coronary arteriography of patients LMCA stenosis combined with bifurcation lesion and the diseased regions of LMCA were recorded. And there were no significant differences between DES and CABG groups (Table 2). In-hospital clinical outcomes of patients in DES and CABG groups In-hospital clinical outcomes of patients were shown in Table 3 and Fig. 3. During hospitalization there were no deaths and was one patient with nonfatal perioperative microvessel infarction in DES group. In CABG group there were 4 deaths (3 patients with cardiac death and 1 patient cerebral infarction), 1 patient with nonfatal stroke, 1 patient with nonfatal MI and 1 patient with TVR. The rate of MACCE during hospitalization in DES group was significantly smaller than CABG group (0.94% vs 5.78%, p<0.05). Long-term clinical outcomes of patients in DES and CABG groups As show in Table 4 and Fig. 4, there were no significant differences of one-year clinical outcomes between DES and CABG groups. In DES group, there were no deaths but 4 patients with TVR after 1 year. There were 2 deaths (were all cardiac death) in CABG group, 1 patient with nonfatal MI and 1 patient with TVR. References 1.Patel MR, Dehmer GJ, Hirshfeld JW, Smith PK, Spertus JA, American College of Cardiology Foundation Appropriateness Criteria Task F, et al. ACCF/SCAI/STS/AATS/AHA/ASNC 2009 Appropriateness Criteria for Coronary Revascularization: a report by the American College of Cardiology Foundation Appropriateness Criteria Task Force, Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions, Society of Thoracic Surgeons, American Association for Thoracic Surgery, American Heart Association, and the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology Endorsed by the American Society of Echocardiography, the Heart Failure Society of America, and the Society of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography. Journal of the American College of Cardiology. 2009;53(6):530-53. 2.King SB, 3rd. 2009 update of the ACC/AHA guidelines for the management of patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction and guidelines on percutaneous coronary intervention: what should we change in clinical practice? Polskie Archiwum Medycyny Wewnetrznej. 2010;120(1-2):6-8. 3.Stone GW, Moses JW, Leon MB. Left main drug-eluting stents: natural progression or a bridge too far? Journal of the American College of Cardiology. 2007;50(6):498-500. 4.Hlatky MA, Bravata DM. Stents or surgery? New data on the comparative outcomes of percutaneous coronary intervention and coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Circulation. 2008;118(4):325-7. 5.Chieffo A, Stankovic G, Bonizzoni E, Tsagalou E, Iakovou I, Montorfano M, et al. Early and mid-term results of drug-eluting stent implantation in unprotected left main. Circulation. 2005;111(6):791-5. 6.Valgimigli M, van Mieghem CA, Ong AT, Aoki J, Granillo GA, McFadden EP, et al. Short- and long-term clinical outcome after drug-eluting stent implantation for the percutaneous treatment of left main coronary artery disease: insights from the Rapamycin-Eluting and Taxus Stent Evaluated At Rotterdam Cardiology Hospital registries (RESEARCH and T-SEARCH). Circulation. 2005;111(11):1383-9. 7.Chieffo A, Morici N, Maisano F, Bonizzoni E, Cosgrave J, Montorfano M, et al. Percutaneous treatment with drug-eluting stent implantation versus bypass surgery for unprotected left main stenosis: a single-center experience. Circulation. 2006;113(21):2542-7. 8.Lee MS, Kapoor N, Jamal F, Czer L, Aragon J, Forrester J, et al. Comparison of coronary artery bypass surgery with percutaneous coronary intervention with drug-eluting stents for unprotected left main coronary artery disease. Journal of the American College of Cardiology. 2006;47(4):864-70. 9.Park DW, Kim YH, Yun SC, Lee JY, Kim WJ, Kang SJ, et al. Long-term outcomes after stenting versus coronary artery bypass grafting for unprotected left main coronary artery disease: 10-year results of bare-metal stents and 5-year results of drug-eluting stents from the ASAN-MAIN (ASAN Medical Center-Left MAIN Revascularization) Registry. Journal of the American College of Cardiology. 2010;56(17):1366-75.

Annual Review

Annual Review. I’m working on a Management question and need guidance to help me study.

Imagine you work at a company and it is time for an employee named Jim’s annual review. While he was a model employee the first nine (9) months of the year, recently Jim has been coming in late. It has not been just a few minutes each day, either. It is starting to cause problems in the production line. In this assignment, write a summary of how you would approach your conversation with Jim. How will you address his recent performance issues while still praising him for his previous nine (9) months of good work? Your goal is to balance the negative and positive feedback so that Jim will leave motivated to do his best. This assignment should focus on your goals for the conversation, and which employee relations approaches you will use to address the situation .
You will create and submit your assignment by using the ecree link. Just click on the link, and start writing. Your work will be saved automatically. You’ll see some feedback on the right-hand side of the screen, including text and videos to help guide you in the writing process. When you’re ready, you can turn in your assignment by clicking “Submit” at the bottom of the page.
Click the assignment link to start your assignment in ecree. Please note that ecree works best in Firefox and Chrome.
Write a five to seven (5-7) paragraph paper in which you:

Explain how you will address Jim’s recent performance issues.
Suggest both constructive and positive feedback designed so that Jim will leave motivated to do his best.
Format your assignment according to the following formatting requirements:

This course requires use of Strayer Writing Standards (SWS). Please take a moment to review the SWS documentation for details.
Include at least 1 reference to support your paper.

The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:

Explain effective approaches to the broad spectrum of employee relations, including career development, fostering ethical behavior, discipline, labor relations, and dismissals.
Analyze various techniques, considerations, and designs of performance appraisal programs.
Use technology and information resources to research issues in human resource management.
Write clearly and concisely about human resource management using proper writing mechanics.

Annual Review

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